Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
Did you ever smoke cigarettes regularly? (HM_19)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.6%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Yes 19.6%
82
20.7%
112
34.9%
182
46.5%
152
50.8%
65
30.6%
593
No 80.4%
336
79.3%
430
65.1%
339
52.9%
173
49.2%
63
69.3%
1341
Missing 138 205 233 85 14 675
TOTAL 100.0%
418
100.0%
542
100.0%
521
100.0%
327
100.0%
128

1936


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.1%
2
Yes 27.9%
288
33.7%
305
30.6%
593
No 72.1%
743
66.0%
597
69.3%
1340
Missing 319 355 674
TOTAL 100.0%
1031
100.0%
904

1935


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.4%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
2
Yes 25.5%
28
35.5%
105
29.9%
133
30.5%
130
39.4%
69
27.3%
127

2
30.9%
592
No 74.5%
82
64.5%
191
69.7%
310
69.5%
296
60.6%
106
72.7%
339

16
69.0%
1324
Missing 58 83 187 78 50 211 0 667
TOTAL 100.0%
110
100.0%
296
100.0%
445
100.0%
426
100.0%
175
100.0%
466

18

1918


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Yes 34.3%
452
22.5%
45
24.2%
62
12.9%
12
85.7%
6
27.1%
16
30.7%
593
No 65.6%
865
77.5%
155
75.8%
194
87.1%
81
14.3%
1
72.9%
43
69.2%
1339
Missing 491 78 65 15 1 23 673
TOTAL 100.0%
1319
100.0%
200
100.0%
256
100.0%
93
100.0%
7
100.0%
59

1934


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.4%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Yes 22.0%
24
31.5%
163
28.3%
80
34.3%
182
33.2%
87
25.1%
59
30.7%
595
No 78.0%
85
68.1%
352
71.7%
203
65.7%
349
66.8%
175
74.9%
176
69.2%
1340
Missing 38 177 79 163 147 69 673
TOTAL 100.0%
109
100.0%
517
100.0%
283
100.0%
531
100.0%
262
100.0%
235

1937


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Yes 34.3%
117
33.0%
152
27.4%
172
30.1%
153
30.7%
594
No 65.7%
224
67.0%
308
72.2%
453
69.9%
355
69.2%
1340
Missing 99 161 254 160 674
TOTAL 100.0%
341
100.0%
460
100.0%
627
100.0%
508

1936


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

2
0.0%
0
Yes 34.7%
66
32.8%
241
32.0%
112
24.3%
85
26.1%
64
40.0%
24

0
30.7%
592
No 65.3%
124
67.2%
494
68.0%
238
75.7%
265
73.9%
181
60.0%
36

3
69.3%
1338
Missing 116 320 130 70 21 11 0 668
TOTAL 100.0%
190
100.0%
735
100.0%
350
100.0%
350
100.0%
245
100.0%
60

5

1930