Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
For the next few questions, please think about the past twelve months. In the past twelve months, have you ever had two weeks or longer when nearly every day you felt sad, empty, or depressed for most of the day? (HM_24)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Yes 34.7%
193
27.0%
202
28.3%
213
19.8%
81
23.4%
33
27.7%
722
No 65.3%
363
72.7%
544
71.7%
539
79.7%
326
76.6%
108
72.1%
1880
Missing 0 1 1 2 1 5
TOTAL 100.0%
556
100.0%
748
100.0%
752
100.0%
409
100.0%
141

2606


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.1%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Yes 32.4%
436
22.7%
285
27.7%
721
No 67.5%
909
77.2%
971
72.2%
1880
Missing 5 1 6
TOTAL 100.0%
1347
100.0%
1258

2605


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2

0
0.1%
2
Yes 35.7%
60
29.4%
111
22.5%
142
23.2%
117
23.2%
52
34.2%
231

7
27.6%
713
No 64.3%
108
70.6%
267
77.1%
486
76.8%
387
76.8%
172
65.5%
443

16
72.2%
1863
Missing 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 3
TOTAL 100.0%
168
100.0%
378
100.0%
630
100.0%
504
100.0%
224
100.0%
676

23

2580


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.6%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
3
Yes 26.6%
481
33.1%
92
28.4%
91
22.0%
24
33.3%
3
36.1%
30
27.7%
721
No 73.3%
1324
66.5%
185
70.9%
227
78.0%
85
66.7%
6
63.9%
53
72.1%
1880
Missing 4 0 1 0 0 0 5
TOTAL 100.0%
1807
100.0%
278
100.0%
320
100.0%
109
100.0%
9
100.0%
83

2606


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.7%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
3
Yes 36.7%
54
28.8%
199
20.8%
75
27.4%
190
31.7%
130
24.2%
73
27.7%
721
No 62.6%
92
70.9%
490
79.2%
286
72.3%
501
68.3%
280
75.8%
229
72.1%
1878
Missing 0 3 1 1 0 2 7
TOTAL 100.0%
147
100.0%
691
100.0%
361
100.0%
693
100.0%
410
100.0%
302

2604


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.1%
2
Yes 24.1%
106
25.3%
157
30.5%
268
28.4%
189
27.6%
720
No 75.9%
333
74.7%
464
69.2%
608
71.3%
475
72.2%
1880
Missing 0 0 3 2 5
TOTAL 100.0%
439
100.0%
621
100.0%
878
100.0%
666

2604


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

2
0.0%
0
Don't know 0.7%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
2
Yes 39.9%
122
30.4%
321
24.4%
117
22.1%
93
17.2%
46
31.0%
22

0
27.7%
721
No 59.5%
182
69.6%
734
75.6%
363
77.9%
328
82.8%
221
69.0%
49

3
72.2%
1877
TOTAL 100.0%
306
100.0%
1055
100.0%
480
100.0%
421
100.0%
267
100.0%
71

5

2600