Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
In the past twelve months, have you ever had two weeks or longer when nearly every day you felt hopeless? (HM_26)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.2%
1
0.3%
2
0.4%
3
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
6
Yes 18.2%
101
14.7%
110
14.0%
105
11.2%
46
5.7%
8
14.2%
370
No 81.6%
453
85.0%
636
85.6%
644
88.3%
361
94.3%
133
85.5%
2227
Missing 0 1 1 2 1 5
TOTAL 100.0%
555
100.0%
748
100.0%
752
100.0%
409
100.0%
141

2605


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.4%
5
0.1%
1
0.2%
6
Yes 16.5%
222
11.8%
148
14.2%
370
No 83.1%
1119
88.0%
1107
85.5%
2226
Missing 5 1 6
TOTAL 100.0%
1346
100.0%
1258

2604


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.7%
5

0
0.2%
6
Yes 17.9%
30
14.0%
53
14.3%
90
8.5%
43
6.3%
14
20.3%
137

3
14.2%
367
No 82.1%
138
86.0%
325
85.3%
538
91.5%
461
93.8%
210
79.0%
534

21
85.5%
2206
Missing 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 3
TOTAL 100.0%
168
100.0%
378
100.0%
631
100.0%
504
100.0%
224
100.0%
676

24

2581


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.2%
3
0.4%
1
0.6%
2
0.9%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
7
Yes 13.4%
243
15.8%
44
16.6%
53
7.4%
8
0.0%
0
25.6%
21
14.2%
369
No 86.3%
1559
83.8%
233
82.8%
265
91.7%
99
100.0%
9
74.4%
61
85.5%
2226
Missing 4 0 1 0 0 0 5
TOTAL 100.0%
1807
100.0%
278
100.0%
320
100.0%
108
100.0%
9
100.0%
82

2604


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.7%
1
0.4%
3
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.3%
7
Yes 16.3%
24
16.0%
111
8.3%
30
13.9%
96
19.0%
78
9.9%
30
14.2%
369
No 83.0%
122
83.2%
576
91.7%
331
85.9%
595
80.7%
331
90.1%
272
85.5%
2227
Missing 0 3 1 1 0 2 7
TOTAL 100.0%
147
100.0%
692
100.0%
361
100.0%
693
100.0%
410
100.0%
302

2605


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.5%
3
0.2%
5
Yes 12.0%
53
14.0%
87
16.3%
143
13.1%
87
14.2%
370
No 88.0%
387
86.0%
534
83.3%
731
86.5%
576
85.5%
2228
Missing 0 0 3 2 5
TOTAL 100.0%
440
100.0%
621
100.0%
878
100.0%
666

2605


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

2
0.0%
0
Don't know 1.3%
4
0.0%
0
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.4%
1

0
0.2%
6
Yes 27.5%
84
16.5%
174
10.2%
49
9.7%
41
7.1%
19
4.2%
3

0
14.2%
370
No 71.2%
218
83.5%
882
89.6%
430
90.3%
380
92.9%
247
94.4%
67

3
85.5%
2224
TOTAL 100.0%
306
100.0%
1056
100.0%
480
100.0%
421
100.0%
266
100.0%
71

5

2600