Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
[IF NE_1=4-12 SAY -- The fourth/ IF NE_1= 1-3 ASK -- Is there a fourth person you feel close to?] Is there a fourth person you feel close to? (NE_5)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.4%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
3
Recorded name or initials 86.7%
425
91.9%
571
91.5%
610
91.6%
337
97.6%
121
90.9%
2064
No one close to 12.9%
63
8.1%
50
8.4%
56
8.4%
31
2.4%
3
8.9%
203
Missing 65 127 87 43 17 339
TOTAL 100.0%
490
100.0%
621
100.0%
667
100.0%
368
100.0%
124

2270


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Recorded name or initials 92.3%
1092
89.5%
973
91.0%
2065
No one close to 7.5%
89
10.5%
114
8.9%
203
Missing 168 172 340
TOTAL 100.0%
1183
100.0%
1087

2270


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 1.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
3
Recorded name or initials 90.1%
136
92.4%
315
90.4%
509
91.6%
412
92.3%
181
89.7%
498

13
90.9%
2051
No one close to 8.6%
13
7.6%
26
9.4%
53
8.4%
38
7.7%
15
10.3%
57

0
9.0%
202
Missing 17 37 69 54 28 121 0 326
TOTAL 100.0%
151
100.0%
341
100.0%
563
100.0%
450
100.0%
196
100.0%
555

13

2256


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
2
0.5%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
3
Recorded name or initials 91.9%
1518
89.4%
193
85.8%
199
92.8%
90
88.9%
8
83.8%
57
90.8%
2065
No one close to 7.9%
131
10.2%
22
14.2%
33
7.2%
7
11.1%
1
16.2%
11
9.0%
205
Missing 161 62 90 12 0 15 340
TOTAL 100.0%
1651
100.0%
216
100.0%
232
100.0%
97
100.0%
9
100.0%
68

2273


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.4%
2
0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.1%
3
Recorded name or initials 88.6%
101
92.8%
565
90.5%
305
88.7%
502
91.9%
340
91.3%
251
90.9%
2064
No one close to 11.4%
13
7.2%
44
9.5%
32
11.0%
62
8.1%
30
8.4%
23
9.0%
204
Missing 32 85 25 128 40 29 339
TOTAL 100.0%
114
100.0%
609
100.0%
337
100.0%
566
100.0%
370
100.0%
275

2271


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.1%
2
Recorded name or initials 89.3%
358
92.6%
477
90.9%
693
90.6%
537
90.9%
2065
No one close to 10.7%
43
7.4%
38
9.1%
69
9.1%
54
9.0%
204
Missing 40 106 119 75 340
TOTAL 100.0%
401
100.0%
515
100.0%
762
100.0%
593

2271


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
2
Recorded name or initials 86.7%
196
90.8%
818
89.2%
388
93.5%
361
93.6%
233
93.9%
62

5
90.9%
2058
No one close to 13.3%
30
9.0%
81
10.8%
47
6.5%
25
6.4%
16
6.1%
4

0
9.0%
203
Missing 80 154 44 35 17 5 0 335
TOTAL 100.0%
226
100.0%
901
100.0%
435
100.0%
386
100.0%
249
100.0%
66

5

2263