Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
In the last twelve months, about how often, if at all, did you spend time emailing friends or family, in chat rooms or in an online discussion over the Internet? (SA_31)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Never 25.4%
141
37.7%
282
39.3%
297
52.1%
214
71.1%
101
39.6%
1035
A few times 10.5%
58
8.4%
63
7.9%
60
6.6%
27
4.2%
6
8.2%
214
Once a month 6.1%
34
2.9%
22
3.3%
25
4.4%
18
7.7%
11
4.2%
110
2-3 times a month 7.4%
41
8.8%
66
6.8%
51
7.5%
31
0.7%
1
7.3%
190
Once a week 9.2%
51
6.1%
46
8.1%
61
4.4%
18
2.8%
4
6.9%
180
2-3 days a week 13.3%
74
11.4%
85
15.6%
118
10.9%
45
4.9%
7
12.6%
329
4-5 days a week 7.2%
40
7.0%
52
4.2%
32
5.6%
23
3.5%
5
5.8%
152
Every day or nearly every day 20.9%
116
17.6%
132
14.6%
110
8.5%
35
4.9%
7
15.3%
400
TOTAL 100.0%
555
100.0%
748
100.0%
755
100.0%
411
100.0%
142

2611


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Never 38.1%
515
41.3%
520
39.7%
1035
A few times 6.9%
93
9.5%
120
8.2%
213
Once a month 4.1%
55
4.4%
55
4.2%
110
2-3 times a month 7.1%
96
7.6%
95
7.3%
191
Once a week 7.0%
94
6.8%
85
6.9%
179
2-3 days a week 13.5%
183
11.6%
146
12.6%
329
4-5 days a week 6.7%
90
4.9%
62
5.8%
152
Every day or nearly every day 16.6%
224
13.9%
175
15.3%
399
TOTAL 100.0%
1351
100.0%
1258

2609


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.0%
1
Never 28.6%
48
28.4%
108
31.4%
199
34.9%
176
42.7%
96
58.0%
392

17
39.4%
1019
A few times 8.3%
14
6.1%
23
10.3%
65
8.5%
43
6.7%
15
7.7%
52

1
8.2%
212
Once a month 3.0%
5
2.9%
11
6.6%
42
3.2%
16
3.6%
8
4.1%
28

1
4.3%
110
2-3 times a month 2.4%
4
12.1%
46
7.1%
45
9.1%
46
6.2%
14
5.3%
36

0
7.4%
191
Once a week 7.7%
13
7.9%
30
8.1%
51
9.3%
47
2.2%
5
4.6%
31

1
6.8%
177
2-3 days a week 21.4%
36
15.3%
58
13.1%
83
14.3%
72
12.0%
27
8.0%
54

1
12.8%
330
4-5 days a week 10.7%
18
6.6%
25
8.1%
51
5.8%
29
2.7%
6
2.8%
19

4
5.7%
148
Every day or nearly every day 17.9%
30
20.5%
78
15.3%
97
14.9%
75
24.0%
54
9.5%
64

2
15.4%
398
TOTAL 100.0%
168
100.0%
380
100.0%
633
100.0%
504
100.0%
225
100.0%
676

27

2586


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Never 34.2%
620
54.1%
151
60.4%
195
21.3%
23
55.6%
5
51.2%
42
39.6%
1036
A few times 7.6%
138
14.0%
39
6.8%
22
5.6%
6
0.0%
0
9.8%
8
8.2%
213
Once a month 4.0%
73
5.0%
14
4.0%
13
10.2%
11
0.0%
0
1.2%
1
4.3%
112
2-3 times a month 8.2%
149
5.4%
15
3.7%
12
12.0%
13
11.1%
1
2.4%
2
7.3%
192
Once a week 7.6%
137
3.2%
9
5.0%
16
5.6%
6
22.2%
2
11.0%
9
6.9%
179
2-3 days a week 15.1%
274
5.7%
16
6.8%
22
7.4%
8
0.0%
0
11.0%
9
12.6%
329
4-5 days a week 6.5%
117
4.7%
13
4.0%
13
4.6%
5
0.0%
0
4.9%
4
5.8%
152
Every day or nearly every day 16.8%
304
7.5%
21
9.3%
30
33.3%
36
11.1%
1
8.5%
7
15.3%
399
TOTAL 100.0%
1812
100.0%
279
100.0%
323
100.0%
108
100.0%
9
100.0%
82

2613


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Never 57.4%
85
45.2%
314
30.1%
109
45.6%
316
28.8%
118
30.7%
93
39.7%
1035
A few times 9.5%
14
8.6%
60
6.1%
22
7.4%
51
9.5%
39
8.9%
27
8.2%
213
Once a month 4.1%
6
2.9%
20
6.6%
24
4.8%
33
5.1%
21
2.6%
8
4.3%
112
2-3 times a month 6.1%
9
8.9%
62
8.0%
29
4.3%
30
8.5%
35
8.3%
25
7.3%
190
Once a week 4.1%
6
5.0%
35
7.5%
27
8.2%
57
7.8%
32
7.3%
22
6.9%
179
2-3 days a week 4.7%
7
10.5%
73
16.3%
59
11.1%
77
17.8%
73
13.2%
40
12.6%
329
4-5 days a week 8.8%
13
5.0%
35
5.2%
19
5.5%
38
6.1%
25
7.3%
22
5.8%
152
Every day or nearly every day 5.4%
8
13.5%
94
20.2%
73
13.1%
91
16.3%
67
21.8%
66
15.3%
399
TOTAL 100.0%
148
100.0%
694
100.0%
362
100.0%
693
100.0%
410
100.0%
303

2610


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Never 37.3%
164
47.3%
293
39.5%
348
34.5%
230
39.7%
1035
A few times 8.9%
39
5.6%
35
9.9%
87
7.9%
53
8.2%
214
Once a month 1.8%
8
4.4%
27
3.0%
26
7.2%
48
4.2%
109
2-3 times a month 8.9%
39
7.7%
48
6.3%
55
7.3%
49
7.3%
191
Once a week 7.3%
32
6.9%
43
5.5%
48
8.4%
56
6.9%
179
2-3 days a week 11.6%
51
11.3%
70
13.1%
115
13.8%
92
12.6%
328
4-5 days a week 9.8%
43
5.5%
34
5.0%
44
4.5%
30
5.8%
151
Every day or nearly every day 14.3%
63
11.3%
70
17.8%
157
16.3%
109
15.3%
399
TOTAL 100.0%
440
100.0%
620
100.0%
880
100.0%
667

2607


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.0%
1
Never 81.6%
248
46.3%
489
35.4%
170
16.1%
68
11.6%
31
36.6%
26

3
39.7%
1032
A few times 5.3%
16
7.9%
83
10.2%
49
8.1%
34
7.5%
20
8.5%
6

5
8.0%
208
Once a month 2.6%
8
4.3%
45
5.8%
28
3.1%
13
2.6%
7
12.7%
9

0
4.2%
110
2-3 times a month 1.3%
4
7.0%
74
7.9%
38
10.0%
42
8.6%
23
14.1%
10

0
7.3%
191
Once a week 1.3%
4
7.6%
80
6.0%
29
8.8%
37
9.7%
26
5.6%
4

0
6.9%
180
2-3 days a week 3.6%
11
10.3%
109
13.3%
64
20.4%
86
18.7%
50
12.7%
9

0
12.6%
329
4-5 days a week 2.0%
6
4.8%
51
6.7%
32
8.8%
37
8.6%
23
4.2%
3

0
5.8%
152
Every day or nearly every day 2.3%
7
11.7%
124
14.6%
70
24.9%
105
32.8%
88
5.6%
4

2
15.3%
398
TOTAL 100.0%
304
100.0%
1056
100.0%
480
100.0%
422
100.0%
268
100.0%
71

10

2601