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Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area

Religious Traditions, 2010

146,838 7,439 205,324 48,378 2,021,038 155,172 1,968,213
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
Advent Christian Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 13 1,435 0.4
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 25 3,616 0.9
American Baptist Association, The Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1 160 0.0
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 180 51,496 13.1
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Baptist 3 355 0.1
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 14 304 0.1
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 23 1,733 0.4
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 9 1,519 0.4
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 13 2,683 0.7
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 8 2,558 0.6
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 458 2,107,652 535.1
Christ Catholic Church Evangelical Protestant Catholicism 1 13 0.0
Armenian Apostolic Church of America (Catholicosate of Cilicia) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 2 650 0.2
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 156 94,944 24.1
Friends (Quakers) Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 11 1,341 0.3
Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 51 0.0
Mennonite Church, The General Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 50 0.0
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 8 1,078 0.3
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 3 669 0.2
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 26 5,635 1.4
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 4 432 0.1
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 22 7,549 1.9
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 11 755 0.2
Jewish Other Judaism 63 31,460 8.0
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 15 4,928 1.3
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 104 21,516 5.5
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 44 15,676 4.0
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 1 102 0.0
Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 3 1,253 0.3
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 13 4,039 1.0
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 11 7,585 1.9
Evangelical Covenant Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 8 1,600 0.4
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 5 592 0.2
Primitive Methodist Church in the USA Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 4 794 0.2
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 158 50,679 12.9
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups 1 270 0.1
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 43 7,580 1.9
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 17 939 0.2
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 39 0.0
Holiness Church of God, Inc., The Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 23 0.0
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 55 0.0
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 137 0.0
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 14 4,633 1.2
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 14 7,195 1.8
Orthodox Presbyterian Church, The Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 99 0.0
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 25 5,278 1.3
Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 41 0.0
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 247 90,102 22.9
Swedenborgian Church Other Spiritualist 6 480 0.1
Totals: 1,795 2,543,773  

The population of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area was 3,938,585 in 1980. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (2,543,773) included 64.6% of the total population in 1980.

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the following 7 counties: Essex County, Massachusetts, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, Strafford County, New Hampshire, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at for those who are interested in these trends.


2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.

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