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Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area

Religious Traditions, 2010

146,838 7,439 205,324 48,378 2,021,038 155,172 1,968,213
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 458 2,107,652 535.1
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 156 94,944 24.1
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 247 90,102 22.9
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 180 51,496 13.1
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 158 50,679 12.9
Jewish Other Judaism 63 31,460 8.0
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 104 21,516 5.5
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 44 15,676 4.0
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 11 7,585 1.9
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 43 7,580 1.9
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 22 7,549 1.9
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 14 7,195 1.8
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 26 5,635 1.4
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 25 5,278 1.3
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 15 4,928 1.3
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 14 4,633 1.2
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 13 4,039 1.0
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 25 3,616 0.9
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 13 2,683 0.7
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 8 2,558 0.6
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 23 1,733 0.4
Evangelical Covenant Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 8 1,600 0.4
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 9 1,519 0.4
Advent Christian Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 13 1,435 0.4
Friends (Quakers) Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 11 1,341 0.3
Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 3 1,253 0.3
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 8 1,078 0.3
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 17 939 0.2
Primitive Methodist Church in the USA Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 4 794 0.2
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 11 755 0.2
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 3 669 0.2
Armenian Apostolic Church of America (Catholicosate of Cilicia) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 2 650 0.2
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 5 592 0.2
Swedenborgian Church Other Spiritualist 6 480 0.1
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 4 432 0.1
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Baptist 3 355 0.1
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 14 304 0.1
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups 1 270 0.1
American Baptist Association, The Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1 160 0.0
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 137 0.0
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 1 102 0.0
Orthodox Presbyterian Church, The Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 99 0.0
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 55 0.0
Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 51 0.0
Mennonite Church, The General Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 50 0.0
Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 41 0.0
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 39 0.0
Holiness Church of God, Inc., The Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 23 0.0
Christ Catholic Church Evangelical Protestant Catholicism 1 13 0.0
Totals: 1,795 2,543,773  

The population of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area was 3,938,585 in 1980. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (2,543,773) included 64.6% of the total population in 1980.

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the following 7 counties: Essex County, Massachusetts, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, Strafford County, New Hampshire, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at for those who are interested in these trends.


2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.

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