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South Dakota

Religious Traditions, 2010

118,142 435 196,001 320 148,883 13,051 337,348
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 44 9,355 13.5
Apostolic Lutheran Church of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 2 85 0.1
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 43 5,586 8.1
Association of Free Lutheran Congregations Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 12 1,029 1.5
Berean Fundamental Church Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 2 76 0.1
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 268 138,387 200.3
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 13 977 1.4
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Baptist 2 737 1.1
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 17 1,534 2.2
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 15 3,884 5.6
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 5 1,110 1.6
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 14 592 0.9
Church of God (Seventh Day) Evangelical Protestant Adventist 1 56 0.1
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 73 0.1
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 32 2,790 4.0
Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 4 203 0.3
Church of the Lutheran Confession Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 12 956 1.4
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 18 1,645 2.4
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 22 965 1.4
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 2 49 0.1
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 19 3,153 4.6
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 129 13,195 19.1
Evangelical Covenant Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 8 587 0.8
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 10 487 0.7
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 276 116,815 169.1
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 2 167 0.2
Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 170 0.2
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 7 373 0.5
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 6 451 0.7
Friends (Quakers) Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 2 36 0.1
Jewish Other Judaism 3 215 0.3
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 113 33,773 48.9
Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 2 36 0.1
Mennonite Church, The General Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 11 3,012 4.4
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups 1 50 0.1
Missionary Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 2 165 0.2
North American Baptist Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 23 4,033 5.8
Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 14 1,895 2.7
Orthodox Presbyterian Church, The Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 6 346 0.5
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 97 18,441 26.7
Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 84 0.1
Protestant Reformed Churches in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 25 0.0
Reformed Church in America Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 28 6,862 9.9
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 6 1,956 2.8
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 25 2,474 3.6
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 31 4,394 6.4
U.S. Mennonite Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 10 1,254 1.8
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 3 89 0.1
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 106 20,872 30.2
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 180 46,234 66.9
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 58 10,544 15.3
Totals: 1,710 462,277  

The population of South Dakota was 690,768 in 1980. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (462,277) included 66.9% of the total population in 1980.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at for those who are interested in these trends.


2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.

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