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United States

Religious Traditions, 2010

50,013,107 4,877,067 22,568,258 1,056,535 58,934,906 13,146,919 158,148,746
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]

Reports


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents % Change
Allegheny Wesleyan Methodist Connection Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist -16 +2,167 +116.3%
Bruderhof Communities, Inc. Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +6 +889 +96.2%
Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +0 +305 +77.2%
Muslim Estimate Other Other Groups +897 +1,040,788 +66.7%
Evangelical Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +112 +49,429 +61.6%
Evangelical Covenant Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist +145 +75,249 +49.1%
U.S. Mennonite Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +19 +13,786 +49.0%
Romanian Orthodox Archdiocese in Americas Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +18 +3,660 +48.5%
Malankara Archdiocese of the Syrian Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +17 +2,090 +48.2%
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints +2,086 +1,920,556 +45.5%
Vineyard USA Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal +23 +65,771 +42.4%
Fellowship of Evangelical Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +12 +2,568 +38.8%
Beachy Amish Mennonite Churches* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church -5 +2,889 +30.7%
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness +100 +97,615 +29.5%
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist +1,158 +271,950 +29.5%
Missionary Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness +139 +14,247 +28.8%
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +33 +3,727 +28.2%
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist +105 +71,487 +25.0%
Community of Christ Other Latter-day Saints -100 +24,315 +24.6%
Protestant Reformed Churches in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +2 +1,448 +24.6%
Serbian Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +60 +12,953 +23.2%
Pentecostal Church of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal -72 +23,109 +22.7%
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +53 +3,103 +20.2%
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal +152 +47,647 +19.7%
Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +2 +310 +17.1%
Holy Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +4 +323 +17.1%
Bahá'í Other Other Groups -68 +24,693 +16.8%
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal +23 +28,908 +15.8%
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal +378 +382,889 +14.9%
Old Order River Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +1 +79 +14.6%
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal +488 +135,794 +13.9%
Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +9 +1,860 +13.4%
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness +0 +11,034 +11.5%
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +27 +49,219 +11.5%
Orthodox Church in America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +201 +7,818 +10.1%
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist +226 +21,180 +8.9%
Orthodox Presbyterian Church, The Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +41 +2,213 +8.4%
Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +289 +26,138 +8.3%
Church of God of Prophecy Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal -115 +7,301 +8.0%
Moravian Church in America--Alaska Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist -1 +87 +3.4%
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist -178 +13,907 +1.0%
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist +9,302 +14,812 +0.1%
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +47 -233 -0.5%
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness -153 -13,682 -1.5%
Apostolic Christian Church of America, Inc. Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +4 -671 -2.8%
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist -443 -61,422 -3.7%
Conservative Mennonite Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +1 -581 -3.9%
North American Baptist Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist -5 -2,326 -3.9%
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist -2,398 -489,976 -4.7%
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism -1,202 -3,071,207 -5.0%
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness -161 -12,856 -5.4%
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran -8 -22,195 -5.5%
Churches of God, General Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -6 -2,873 -6.8%
Macedonian Orthodox Church: American Diocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +3 -1,127 -6.8%
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal -21 -25,604 -7.4%
Reformed Church in the United States Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +5 -313 -7.4%
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness -98 -36,029 -8.7%
Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, The Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +39 -7,847 -9.5%
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran -37 -250,141 -9.9%
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +65 -24,935 -10.0%
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist -312 -206,890 -11.7%
Reformed Church in America Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -32 -40,557 -12.1%
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -46 -10,726 -13.8%
Church of the Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church -42 -24,693 -14.4%
National Association of Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist -181 -36,610 -14.4%
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism -520 -362,849 -15.7%
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran -893 -932,199 -18.2%
Brethren Church, The (Ashland, Ohio) Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church -6 -3,006 -18.5%
Mennonite Church USA Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church -147 -28,982 -18.5%
Convention of Original Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist +7 -9,388 -20.3%
Moravian Church in America--Southern Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist -3 -4,027 -20.4%
Reformed Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +0 -72 -20.7%
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +47 -8,419 -20.8%
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -26 -17,631 -20.9%
Moravian Church in America--Northern Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist -9 -5,586 -21.6%
Church of God General Conference Evangelical Protestant Adventist -5 -1,083 -22.0%
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -619 -689,586 -22.0%
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Baptist +286 -232,008 -22.8%
Primitive Baptists, Eastern District Association of Evangelical Protestant Baptist -10 -1,794 -22.9%
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -638 -414,622 -24.4%
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups -56 -5,840 -24.9%
American Baptist Association, The Evangelical Protestant Baptist -499 -77,599 -27.6%
Midwest Congregational Christian Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -4 -492 -28.9%
Armenian Church of North America (Catholicosate of Etchmiadzin) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +5 -26,968 -29.5%
International Pentecostal Church of Christ Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal -5 -1,697 -31.1%
Armenian Apostolic Church of America (Catholicosate of Cilicia) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) -1 -15,824 -34.1%
Wesleyan Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness -43 -131,408 -34.4%
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) -3 -13,224 -37.2%
International Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist +27 -37,055 -46.8%
American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +4 -9,543 -47.7%
Congregational Christian Churches, Additional (not part of any national CCC body) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -41 -9,411 -52.8%
Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese of the USA, Canada and Australia Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +13 -3,128 -58.6%
(Original) Church of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
African Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Alliance of Baptists Mainline Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Amana Church Society Evangelical Protestant Communal --- --- ---
Ambassadors Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
American Association of Lutheran Churches Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
American Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Amish Groups, undifferentiated* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Anglican Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism --- --- ---
Apostolic Faith Mission of Portland, OR Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Apostolic Lutheran Church of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Armenian Evangelical Churches (Additional) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Assemblies of God International Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Association of Free Lutheran Congregations Evangelical Protestant Lutheran +42 --- ---
Association of Messianic Congregations Other Judaism --- --- ---
Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Berea Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Bible Fellowship Church Evangelical Protestant Holiness --- --- ---
Bible Presbyterian Church (General Synod) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Brethren In Christ Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church +40 --- ---
Calvary Chapel Fellowship Churches Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal +408 --- ---
Canadian and American Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Central Yearly Meeting of Friends* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist --- --- ---
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Christian Union Evangelical Protestant Other Groups -10 --- ---
Church of Christ (Holiness), U.S.A. Evangelical Protestant Holiness --- --- ---
Church of Christ, Scientist Other Christian Science --- --- ---
Church of God (Seventh Day) Evangelical Protestant Adventist --- --- ---
Church of God by Faith, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Church of God in Christ Black Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Church of God of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Church of God, Mountain Assembly, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. Black Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Church of the Lutheran Confession Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Church of the United Brethren in Christ Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Churches of Christ in Christian Union Evangelical Protestant Holiness --- --- ---
Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Congregational Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Congregational Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist -50 --- ---
Conservative Judaism Other Judaism --- --- ---
Conservative Lutheran Association Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Conservative Yearly Meetings of Friends* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Coptic Orthodox Church Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +119 --- ---
Covenant Reformed Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America Black Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Elim Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Enterprise Baptists Association Evangelical Protestant Baptist -10 --- ---
Eritrean Orthodox Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) --- --- ---
Ethiopian Orthodox Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) --- --- ---
Evangelical Association of Reformed, and Congregational Christian Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Evangelical Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness --- --- ---
Evangelical Congregational Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Evangelical Friends Church International* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Evangelical Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Federation of Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Free Church of Scotland (Continuing) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Free Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Free Reformed Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Friends General Conference and Friends United Meeting, dually aligned meetings* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Friends General Conference* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Friends United Meeting* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Full Gospel Baptist Church Fellowship Black Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Fundamental Baptist Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
General Association of Regular Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist -137 --- ---
Georgian Orthodox Parishes in the United States Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) --- --- ---
Grace Brethren Churches, Fellowship of Mainline Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Grace Gospel Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist --- --- ---
Heritage Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Hungarian Reformed Churches (Additional) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Hutterian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Communal +12 --- ---
Independent Baptist Fellowship International Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Independent Fundamental Churches of America Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist --- --- ---
Independent Yearly Meetings of Friends* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
International Council of Community Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed -35 --- ---
International Fellowship of Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant
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--- --- ---
International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies Evangelical Protestant
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Jain Other Other Groups -21 --- ---
Jehovah's Witnesses Other Adventist --- --- ---
Korean Presbyterian Church Abroad Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Korean Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Korean-American Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Maranatha Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Mennonite Christian Fellowship* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Midwest Beachy Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
National Missionary Baptist Convention, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
National Spiritualist Association of Churches Other Spiritualist --- --- ---
New Apostolic Church of North America, National Organization of the Other Other Groups --- --- ---
New Testament Association of Independent Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Non-denominational Evangelical Protestant
----
--- --- ---
North American Lutheran Church Evangelical Protestant Lutheran --- --- ---
Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Orthodox Judaism Other Judaism --- --- ---
Patriarchal Parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +0 --- ---
Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Pillar of Fire Evangelical Protestant Holiness --- --- ---
Polish National Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism --- --- ---
Presbyterian Reformed Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Primitive Methodist Church in the USA Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist -12 --- ---
Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Reconstructionist Judaism Other Judaism --- --- ---
Reform Judaism Other Judaism --- --- ---
Reformed Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist +156 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church Hanover Presbytery Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) +17 --- ---
Schwenkfelder Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Seventh Day Baptist General Conference, USA and Canada Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Shinto Other Other Groups --- --- ---
Sikh Other Other Groups +35 --- ---
Southern Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Swedenborgian Church Other Spiritualist --- --- ---
Tampico Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Tao Other Other Groups +5 --- ---
Unaffiliated Conservative Amish Mennonite Church* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Unaffiliated Friends Meetings* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations Other Judaism --- --- ---
United Catholic Church, Inc. Catholic Catholicism --- --- ---
United Holy Church of America, Inc. Black Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
United Pentecostal Church International Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
United Pentecostal Council of the Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
United Reformed Churches in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed +25 --- ---
United Zion Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church --- --- ---
Unity Churches, Association of Other Other Groups --- --- ---
Unity of the Brethren Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist --- --- ---
Vicariate for the Palestinian/Jordanian Orthodox Christian Communities Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) --- --- ---
Zoroastrian Other Other Groups -2 --- ---
Totals: +7,786 -2,960,337 -2%

The population of the United States was 308,745,538 in 2010; in 2000 it was 281,421,839. The total population changed 9.7%. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (150,596,792) included 48.8% of the total population in 2010.

The population of the United States was 281,421,839 in 2000; in 1990 it was 248,709,766. The total population changed 13.2%. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (141,371,963) included 50.2% of the total population in 2000.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at www.usreligioncensus.org for those who are interested in these trends.

Source

2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.