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United States

Religious Traditions, 2010

50,013,107 4,877,067 22,568,258 1,056,535 58,934,906 13,146,919 158,148,746
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]

Reports


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 20,589 58,963,835 191.0
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 50,816 19,896,279 64.4
Non-denominational Evangelical Protestant
----
35,496 12,241,329 39.6
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 33,323 9,860,653 31.9
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 13,601 6,144,582 19.9
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 9,846 4,181,219 13.5
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 12,258 2,944,887 9.5
Muslim Estimate Other Other Groups 2,106 2,600,082 8.4
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 10,487 2,451,980 7.9
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 6,040 2,270,921 7.4
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 6,794 1,951,907 6.3
National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 3,536 1,881,341 6.1
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 12,584 1,584,162 5.1
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 5,243 1,560,572 5.1
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 5,293 1,453,160 4.7
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5,225 1,284,296 4.2
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 5,665 1,194,996 3.9
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 6,100 1,109,992 3.6
African Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 4,256 1,009,682 3.3
Orthodox Judaism Other Judaism 1,932 947,020 3.1
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 5,056 893,649 2.9
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Baptist 3,625 785,776 2.5
Reform Judaism Other Judaism 845 766,352 2.5
Buddhism, Mahayana Other Other Groups 1,836 732,783 2.4
Church of God in Christ Black Protestant Pentecostal 2,966 624,419 2.0
Conservative Judaism Other Judaism 592 501,776 1.6
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 545 476,878 1.5
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1,978 428,721 1.4
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 1,269 382,883 1.2
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1,234 379,031 1.2
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1,470 357,186 1.2
Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1,730 341,431 1.1
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,823 321,763 1.0
Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 673 310,185 1.0
National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 575 304,414 1.0
Hindu, Indian-American Hindu Temple Assoc. Other Other Groups 399 304,150 1.0
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1,657 301,005 1.0
Reformed Church in America Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 864 295,120 1.0
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1,462 290,601 0.9
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,995 289,475 0.9
Hindu, Traditional Temples Other Other Groups 256 276,114 0.9
National Missionary Baptist Convention, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 1,283 261,873 0.8
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,092 260,100 0.8
Wesleyan Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1,614 250,051 0.8
Amish Groups, undifferentiated* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1,755 241,356 0.8
Evangelical Covenant Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 816 228,365 0.7
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 2,125 225,753 0.7
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 805 224,003 0.7
Vineyard USA Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 552 220,941 0.7
National Association of Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist 2,285 217,560 0.7
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 1,022 211,606 0.7
Buddhism, Theravada Other Other Groups 422 203,900 0.7
Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 390 203,732 0.7
American Baptist Association, The Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,368 203,374 0.7
Bahá'í Other Other Groups 1,130 171,449 0.6
Church of the Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1,032 146,588 0.5
Evangelical Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 291 129,636 0.4
Mennonite Church USA Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 919 127,363 0.4
Pentecostal Church of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,101 125,030 0.4
Community of Christ Other Latter-day Saints 792 123,189 0.4
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 950 107,271 0.3
Church of God of Prophecy Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,743 98,407 0.3
Coptic Orthodox Church Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 174 92,191 0.3
Orthodox Church in America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 571 84,928 0.3
Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, The Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 249 74,527 0.2
Serbian Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 135 68,760 0.2
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 660 66,960 0.2
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 400 66,749 0.2
Armenian Church of North America (Catholicosate of Etchmiadzin) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 94 64,545 0.2
Missionary Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 423 63,775 0.2
North American Baptist Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 285 57,219 0.2
Buddhism, Vajrayana Other Other Groups 596 55,000 0.2
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 297 50,707 0.2
International Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 126 42,106 0.1
U.S. Mennonite Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 190 41,928 0.1
Reconstructionist Judaism Other Judaism 95 41,436 0.1
Churches of God, General Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 330 39,331 0.1
Convention of Original Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist 244 36,823 0.1
Hindu, Post Renaissance Other Other Groups 820 36,720 0.1
Evangelical Friends Church International* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 306 34,565 0.1
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 289 31,978 0.1
Armenian Apostolic Church of America (Catholicosate of Cilicia) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 37 30,530 0.1
Orthodox Presbyterian Church, The Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 319 28,559 0.1
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 146 27,677 0.1
Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 105 26,695 0.1
Friends United Meeting* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 258 24,826 0.1
Hindu, Renaissance Other Other Groups 150 24,202 0.1
Apostolic Christian Church of America, Inc. Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 88 23,309 0.1
Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 261 22,659 0.1
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 101 22,362 0.1
Friends General Conference* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 382 22,192 0.1
Evangelical Congregational Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 132 20,592 0.1
Moravian Church in America--Northern Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 84 20,286 0.1
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 129 19,291 0.1
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 153 18,440 0.1
Church of the United Brethren in Christ Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 178 18,259 0.1
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups 150 17,600 0.1
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 92 16,952 0.1
Moravian Church in America--Southern Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 56 15,737 0.1
Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 32 15,705 0.1
Macedonian Orthodox Church: American Diocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 20 15,513 0.1
Friends General Conference and Friends United Meeting, dually aligned meetings* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 240 15,436 0.0
Congregational Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 254 15,193 0.0
Congregational Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 153 14,837 0.0
Conservative Mennonite Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 105 14,284 0.0
Bible Fellowship Church Evangelical Protestant Holiness 62 13,653 0.0
Brethren Church, The (Ashland, Ohio) Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 113 13,260 0.0
Eritrean Orthodox Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 39 12,685 0.0
Patriarchal Parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 32 12,377 0.0
Beachy Amish Mennonite Churches* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 97 12,311 0.0
Romanian Orthodox Archdiocese in Americas Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 32 11,203 0.0
American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 79 10,457 0.0
Fellowship of Evangelical Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 46 9,193 0.0
Congregational Christian Churches, Additional (not part of any national CCC body) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 63 8,410 0.0
Protestant Reformed Churches in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 28 7,323 0.0
United Catholic Church, Inc. Catholic Catholicism 10 7,019 0.0
Vicariate for the Palestinian/Jordanian Orthodox Christian Communities Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 9 6,775 0.0
Zoroastrian Other Other Groups 33 6,558 0.0
Malankara Archdiocese of the Syrian Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 41 6,426 0.0
Primitive Baptists, Eastern District Association of Evangelical Protestant Baptist 57 6,046 0.0
Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 77 5,983 0.0
Seventh Day Baptist General Conference, USA and Canada Evangelical Protestant Baptist 96 5,168 0.0
Allegheny Wesleyan Methodist Connection Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 99 4,031 0.0
Reformed Church in the United States Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 43 3,923 0.0
Church of God General Conference Evangelical Protestant Adventist 84 3,842 0.0
International Pentecostal Church of Christ Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 62 3,756 0.0
Tampico Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 16 3,342 0.0
Unaffiliated Conservative Amish Mennonite Church* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 33 3,224 0.0
Apostolic Faith Mission of Portland, OR Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 51 3,119 0.0
Independent Yearly Meetings of Friends* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 95 2,850 0.0
Schwenkfelder Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 4 2,695 0.0
Moravian Church in America--Alaska Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 23 2,649 0.0
Mennonite Christian Fellowship* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 24 2,629 0.0
Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese of the USA, Canada and Australia Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 22 2,212 0.0
Holy Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 34 2,212 0.0
Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 19 2,121 0.0
Pillar of Fire Evangelical Protestant Holiness 6 2,100 0.0
Conservative Yearly Meetings of Friends* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 40 1,976 0.0
Bruderhof Communities, Inc. Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 13 1,813 0.0
Maranatha Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 12 1,548 0.0
Midwest Congregational Christian Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 25 1,213 0.0
Georgian Orthodox Parishes in the United States Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 7 920 0.0
Berea Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 11 914 0.0
Heritage Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5 804 0.0
Midwest Beachy Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 6 747 0.0
United Zion Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 12 721 0.0
Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 2 700 0.0
Ambassadors Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 6 677 0.0
Old Order River Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 6 619 0.0
Amana Church Society Evangelical Protestant Communal 1 433 0.0
Central Yearly Meeting of Friends* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 8 290 0.0
Reformed Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 9 275 0.0
(Original) Church of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 13 --- ---
Alliance of Baptists Mainline Protestant Baptist 124 --- ---
American Association of Lutheran Churches Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 70 --- ---
American Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 3 --- ---
Anglican Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 913 --- ---
Apostolic Lutheran Church of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 52 --- ---
Armenian Evangelical Churches (Additional) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 12 --- ---
Assemblies of God International Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 18 --- ---
Association of Free Lutheran Congregations Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 276 --- ---
Association of Messianic Congregations Other Judaism 12 --- ---
Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 67 --- ---
Bible Presbyterian Church (General Synod) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 20 --- ---
Brethren In Christ Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 256 --- ---
Calvary Chapel Fellowship Churches Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,136 --- ---
Canadian and American Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 4 --- ---
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 183 --- ---
Christian Union Evangelical Protestant Other Groups 104 --- ---
Church of Christ (Holiness), U.S.A. Evangelical Protestant Holiness 172 --- ---
Church of Christ, Scientist Other Christian Science 1,153 --- ---
Church of God (Seventh Day) Evangelical Protestant Adventist 220 --- ---
Church of God by Faith, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 162 --- ---
Church of God of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 55 --- ---
Church of God, Mountain Assembly, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 101 --- ---
Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. Black Protestant Pentecostal 454 --- ---
Church of the Lutheran Confession Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 79 --- ---
Churches of Christ in Christian Union Evangelical Protestant Holiness 194 --- ---
Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 73 --- ---
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,141 --- ---
Conservative Lutheran Association Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 4 --- ---
Covenant Reformed Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 3 --- ---
Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America Black Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 107 --- ---
Elim Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 103 --- ---
Enterprise Baptists Association Evangelical Protestant Baptist 55 --- ---
Ethiopian Orthodox Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 58 --- ---
Evangelical Association of Reformed, and Congregational Christian Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 67 --- ---
Evangelical Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 128 --- ---
Evangelical Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 97 --- ---
Federation of Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 7 --- ---
Free Church of Scotland (Continuing) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5 --- ---
Free Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 14 --- ---
Free Reformed Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 2 --- ---
Full Gospel Baptist Church Fellowship Black Protestant Baptist 699 --- ---
Fundamental Baptist Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Baptist 24 --- ---
General Association of Regular Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,285 --- ---
Grace Brethren Churches, Fellowship of Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 266 --- ---
Grace Gospel Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 120 --- ---
Hungarian Reformed Churches (Additional) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 29 --- ---
Hutterian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Communal 135 --- ---
Independent Baptist Fellowship International Evangelical Protestant Baptist 588 --- ---
Independent Fundamental Churches of America Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 601 --- ---
International Council of Community Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 157 --- ---
International Fellowship of Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant
----
27 --- ---
International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies Evangelical Protestant
----
80 --- ---
Jain Other Other Groups 71 --- ---
Jehovah's Witnesses Other Adventist 5,769 --- ---
Korean Presbyterian Church Abroad Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 193 --- ---
Korean Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 387 --- ---
Korean-American Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 210 --- ---
National Spiritualist Association of Churches Other Spiritualist 84 --- ---
New Apostolic Church of North America, National Organization of the Other Other Groups 296 --- ---
New Testament Association of Independent Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist 120 --- ---
North American Lutheran Church Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 305 --- ---
Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 216 --- ---
Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 148 --- ---
Polish National Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 119 --- ---
Presbyterian Reformed Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 4 --- ---
Primitive Methodist Church in the USA Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 67 --- ---
Reformed Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist 353 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 9 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church Hanover Presbytery Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 8 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 9 --- ---
Shinto Other Other Groups 5 --- ---
Sikh Other Other Groups 246 --- ---
Southern Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 100 --- ---
Swedenborgian Church Other Spiritualist 34 --- ---
Tao Other Other Groups 43 --- ---
Unaffiliated Friends Meetings* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 26 --- ---
Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations Other Judaism 65 --- ---
United Holy Church of America, Inc. Black Protestant Pentecostal 369 --- ---
United Pentecostal Church International Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 4,062 --- ---
United Pentecostal Council of the Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 25 --- ---
United Reformed Churches in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 74 --- ---
Unity Churches, Association of Other Other Groups 594 --- ---
Unity of the Brethren Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 27 --- ---
Totals: 344,894 150,596,792  

The population of the United States was 308,745,538 in 2010; in 2000 it was 281,421,839. The total population changed 9.7%. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (150,596,792) included 48.8% of the total population in 2010.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at www.usreligioncensus.org for those who are interested in these trends.

Source

2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.