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United States

Religious Traditions, 2010

50,013,107 4,877,067 22,568,258 1,056,535 58,934,906 13,146,919 158,148,746
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]

Reports


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
African Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 4,256 1,009,682 3.3
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1,657 301,005 1.0
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1,462 290,601 0.9
Church of God in Christ Black Protestant Pentecostal 2,966 624,419 2.0
Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. Black Protestant Pentecostal 454 --- ---
Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America Black Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 107 --- ---
Full Gospel Baptist Church Fellowship Black Protestant Baptist 699 --- ---
National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 575 304,414 1.0
National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 3,536 1,881,341 6.1
National Missionary Baptist Convention, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 1,283 261,873 0.8
Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc. Black Protestant Baptist 390 203,732 0.7
United Holy Church of America, Inc. Black Protestant Pentecostal 369 --- ---
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 20,589 58,963,835 191.0
Polish National Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 119 --- ---
United Catholic Church, Inc. Catholic Catholicism 10 7,019 0.0
(Original) Church of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 13 --- ---
Allegheny Wesleyan Methodist Connection Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 99 4,031 0.0
Amana Church Society Evangelical Protestant Communal 1 433 0.0
Ambassadors Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 6 677 0.0
American Association of Lutheran Churches Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 70 --- ---
American Baptist Association, The Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,368 203,374 0.7
American Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 3 --- ---
Amish Groups, undifferentiated* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1,755 241,356 0.8
Anglican Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 913 --- ---
Apostolic Christian Church of America, Inc. Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 88 23,309 0.1
Apostolic Faith Mission of Portland, OR Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 51 3,119 0.0
Apostolic Lutheran Church of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 52 --- ---
Armenian Evangelical Churches (Additional) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 12 --- ---
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 12,258 2,944,887 9.5
Assemblies of God International Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 18 --- ---
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 289 31,978 0.1
Association of Free Lutheran Congregations Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 276 --- ---
Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 67 --- ---
Beachy Amish Mennonite Churches* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 97 12,311 0.0
Berea Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 11 914 0.0
Bible Fellowship Church Evangelical Protestant Holiness 62 13,653 0.0
Bible Presbyterian Church (General Synod) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 20 --- ---
Brethren Church, The (Ashland, Ohio) Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 113 13,260 0.0
Brethren In Christ Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 256 --- ---
Bruderhof Communities, Inc. Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 13 1,813 0.0
Calvary Chapel Fellowship Churches Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,136 --- ---
Canadian and American Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 4 --- ---
Central Yearly Meeting of Friends* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 8 290 0.0
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1,978 428,721 1.4
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 183 --- ---
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 5,293 1,453,160 4.7
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 805 224,003 0.7
Christian Union Evangelical Protestant Other Groups 104 --- ---
Church of Christ (Holiness), U.S.A. Evangelical Protestant Holiness 172 --- ---
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 2,125 225,753 0.7
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 6,100 1,109,992 3.6
Church of God (Seventh Day) Evangelical Protestant Adventist 220 --- ---
Church of God by Faith, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 162 --- ---
Church of God General Conference Evangelical Protestant Adventist 84 3,842 0.0
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 153 18,440 0.1
Church of God of Prophecy Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,743 98,407 0.3
Church of God of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 55 --- ---
Church of God, Mountain Assembly, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 101 --- ---
Church of the Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1,032 146,588 0.5
Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 105 26,695 0.1
Church of the Lutheran Confession Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 79 --- ---
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 5,056 893,649 2.9
Church of the United Brethren in Christ Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 178 18,259 0.1
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 12,584 1,584,162 5.1
Churches of Christ in Christian Union Evangelical Protestant Holiness 194 --- ---
Churches of God, General Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 330 39,331 0.1
Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 73 --- ---
Congregational Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 254 15,193 0.0
Congregational Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 153 14,837 0.0
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,141 --- ---
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 297 50,707 0.2
Conservative Lutheran Association Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 4 --- ---
Conservative Mennonite Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 105 14,284 0.0
Conservative Yearly Meetings of Friends* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 40 1,976 0.0
Convention of Original Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist 244 36,823 0.1
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,092 260,100 0.8
Covenant Reformed Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 3 --- ---
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 660 66,960 0.2
Elim Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 103 --- ---
Enterprise Baptists Association Evangelical Protestant Baptist 55 --- ---
Evangelical Association of Reformed, and Congregational Christian Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 67 --- ---
Evangelical Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 128 --- ---
Evangelical Congregational Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 132 20,592 0.1
Evangelical Covenant Church, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 816 228,365 0.7
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1,470 357,186 1.2
Evangelical Friends Church International* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 306 34,565 0.1
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 129 19,291 0.1
Evangelical Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 97 --- ---
Evangelical Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 291 129,636 0.4
Federation of Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 7 --- ---
Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 19 2,121 0.0
Fellowship of Evangelical Churches Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 46 9,193 0.0
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,823 321,763 1.0
Free Church of Scotland (Continuing) Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5 --- ---
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 950 107,271 0.3
Free Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 14 --- ---
Free Reformed Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 2 --- ---
Fundamental Baptist Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Baptist 24 --- ---
General Association of Regular Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1,285 --- ---
Grace Gospel Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 120 --- ---
Heritage Reformed Churches Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5 804 0.0
Hutterian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Communal 135 --- ---
Independent Baptist Fellowship International Evangelical Protestant Baptist 588 --- ---
Independent Fundamental Churches of America Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 601 --- ---
International Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Baptist 126 42,106 0.1
International Fellowship of Bible Churches Evangelical Protestant
----
27 --- ---
International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies Evangelical Protestant
----
80 --- ---
International Pentecostal Church of Christ Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 62 3,756 0.0
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,995 289,475 0.9
Korean Presbyterian Church Abroad Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 193 --- ---
Korean Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 387 --- ---
Korean-American Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 210 --- ---
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 6,040 2,270,921 7.4
Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 673 310,185 1.0
Maranatha Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 12 1,548 0.0
Mennonite Christian Fellowship* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 24 2,629 0.0
Mennonite Church USA Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 919 127,363 0.4
Midwest Beachy Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 6 747 0.0
Midwest Congregational Christian Fellowship Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 25 1,213 0.0
Missionary Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 423 63,775 0.2
National Association of Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist 2,285 217,560 0.7
New Testament Association of Independent Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist 120 --- ---
Non-denominational Evangelical Protestant
----
35,496 12,241,329 39.6
North American Baptist Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 285 57,219 0.2
North American Lutheran Church Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 305 --- ---
Old Order River Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 6 619 0.0
Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 261 22,659 0.1
Orthodox Presbyterian Church, The Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 319 28,559 0.1
Pentecostal Church of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1,101 125,030 0.4
Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 216 --- ---
Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church, Inc. Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 148 --- ---
Pillar of Fire Evangelical Protestant Holiness 6 2,100 0.0
Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1,730 341,431 1.1
Presbyterian Reformed Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 4 --- ---
Primitive Baptists, Eastern District Association of Evangelical Protestant Baptist 57 6,046 0.0
Primitive Methodist Church in the USA Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 67 --- ---
Protestant Reformed Churches in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 28 7,323 0.0
Reformed Baptist Churches Evangelical Protestant Baptist 353 --- ---
Reformed Church in the United States Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 43 3,923 0.0
Reformed Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 9 275 0.0
Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 9 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church Hanover Presbytery Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 8 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 9 --- ---
Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 77 5,983 0.0
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1,234 379,031 1.2
Schwenkfelder Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 4 2,695 0.0
Seventh Day Baptist General Conference, USA and Canada Evangelical Protestant Baptist 96 5,168 0.0
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 5,665 1,194,996 3.9
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 50,816 19,896,279 64.4
Southern Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 100 --- ---
Tampico Amish Mennonite* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 16 3,342 0.0
U.S. Mennonite Brethren Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 190 41,928 0.1
Unaffiliated Conservative Amish Mennonite Church* Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 33 3,224 0.0
United Pentecostal Church International Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 4,062 --- ---
United Pentecostal Council of the Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 25 --- ---
United Reformed Churches in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 74 --- ---
United Zion Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 12 721 0.0
Unity of the Brethren Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 27 --- ---
Vineyard USA Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 552 220,941 0.7
Wesleyan Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1,614 250,051 0.8
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 1,269 382,883 1.2
Alliance of Baptists Mainline Protestant Baptist 124 --- ---
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 5,243 1,560,572 5.1
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Baptist 3,625 785,776 2.5
Congregational Christian Churches, Additional (not part of any national CCC body) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 63 8,410 0.0
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 6,794 1,951,907 6.3
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 9,846 4,181,219 13.5
Friends General Conference and Friends United Meeting, dually aligned meetings* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 240 15,436 0.0
Friends General Conference* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 382 22,192 0.1
Friends United Meeting* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 258 24,826 0.1
Grace Brethren Churches, Fellowship of Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 266 --- ---
Hungarian Reformed Churches (Additional) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 29 --- ---
Independent Yearly Meetings of Friends* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 95 2,850 0.0
International Council of Community Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 157 --- ---
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups 150 17,600 0.1
Moravian Church in America--Alaska Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 23 2,649 0.0
Moravian Church in America--Northern Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 84 20,286 0.1
Moravian Church in America--Southern Province Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 56 15,737 0.1
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 400 66,749 0.2
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 10,487 2,451,980 7.9
Reformed Church in America Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 864 295,120 1.0
Unaffiliated Friends Meetings* Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 26 --- ---
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5,225 1,284,296 4.2
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 33,323 9,860,653 31.9
Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 2 700 0.0
American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 79 10,457 0.0
Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, The Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 249 74,527 0.2
Armenian Apostolic Church of America (Catholicosate of Cilicia) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 37 30,530 0.1
Armenian Church of North America (Catholicosate of Etchmiadzin) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 94 64,545 0.2
Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese of the USA, Canada and Australia Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 22 2,212 0.0
Coptic Orthodox Church Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 174 92,191 0.3
Eritrean Orthodox Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 39 12,685 0.0
Ethiopian Orthodox Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 58 --- ---
Georgian Orthodox Parishes in the United States Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 7 920 0.0
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 545 476,878 1.5
Holy Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 34 2,212 0.0
Macedonian Orthodox Church: American Diocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 20 15,513 0.1
Malankara Archdiocese of the Syrian Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 41 6,426 0.0
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 92 16,952 0.1
Orthodox Church in America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 571 84,928 0.3
Patriarchal Parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 32 12,377 0.0
Romanian Orthodox Archdiocese in Americas Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 32 11,203 0.0
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 146 27,677 0.1
Serbian Orthodox Church in North America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 135 68,760 0.2
Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 32 15,705 0.1
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 101 22,362 0.1
Vicariate for the Palestinian/Jordanian Orthodox Christian Communities Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 9 6,775 0.0
Association of Messianic Congregations Other Judaism 12 --- ---
Bahá'í Other Other Groups 1,130 171,449 0.6
Buddhism, Mahayana Other Other Groups 1,836 732,783 2.4
Buddhism, Theravada Other Other Groups 422 203,900 0.7
Buddhism, Vajrayana Other Other Groups 596 55,000 0.2
Church of Christ, Scientist Other Christian Science 1,153 --- ---
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 13,601 6,144,582 19.9
Community of Christ Other Latter-day Saints 792 123,189 0.4
Conservative Judaism Other Judaism 592 501,776 1.6
Hindu, Indian-American Hindu Temple Assoc. Other Other Groups 399 304,150 1.0
Hindu, Post Renaissance Other Other Groups 820 36,720 0.1
Hindu, Renaissance Other Other Groups 150 24,202 0.1
Hindu, Traditional Temples Other Other Groups 256 276,114 0.9
Jain Other Other Groups 71 --- ---
Jehovah's Witnesses Other Adventist 5,769 --- ---
Muslim Estimate Other Other Groups 2,106 2,600,082 8.4
National Spiritualist Association of Churches Other Spiritualist 84 --- ---
New Apostolic Church of North America, National Organization of the Other Other Groups 296 --- ---
Orthodox Judaism Other Judaism 1,932 947,020 3.1
Reconstructionist Judaism Other Judaism 95 41,436 0.1
Reform Judaism Other Judaism 845 766,352 2.5
Shinto Other Other Groups 5 --- ---
Sikh Other Other Groups 246 --- ---
Swedenborgian Church Other Spiritualist 34 --- ---
Tao Other Other Groups 43 --- ---
Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations Other Judaism 65 --- ---
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 1,022 211,606 0.7
Unity Churches, Association of Other Other Groups 594 --- ---
Zoroastrian Other Other Groups 33 6,558 0.0
Totals: 344,894 150,596,792  

The population of the United States was 308,745,538 in 2010; in 2000 it was 281,421,839. The total population changed 9.7%. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (150,596,792) included 48.8% of the total population in 2010.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at www.usreligioncensus.org for those who are interested in these trends.

Source

2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.