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Christian Science Family
Events by Name
World Parliament of Religions

In 1893, the World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago introduced many non-Christian faiths to America -- including Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Jainism, Shinto and Taoism.

Biographies by Last Name
Eddy, Mary Baker

Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910) founded the Christian Science movement.

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Group Family
Communal Family
Events by Name
Ann Lee Migrates to America

Ann Lee (1736-1784) brought a Christian sect known as the Shakers from England to the American colonies in 1774.

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Group Family
Eastern Liturgical Family (Orthodox)
Events by Name
Joint Catholic-Orthodox Declaration

The Joint Catholic-Orthodox Declaration of 1965 revoked the mutual excommunications of 1054 that led to the Great Schism.

Biographies by Last Name
of Constantinople, Athenagoras I

Athenagoras (1886-1972) was an important archbishop of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese in America and later served as Patriarch of Constantinople until his death in 1972.

Other ARDA Resources for Eastern Liturgical Family (Orthodox)
Group Family
European Free-Church Family (Brethren, Mennonites, Quaker, Amish)
Events by Name
Execution of Mary Dyer

On June 1, 1660, Mary Dyer (1611-1660), a friend of Anne Hutchinson, was executed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony for her Quaker faith.

Publication of Appeal to the Christian Women of the South

In 1836, Angelina Grimke published Appeal to the Christian Women of the South, which urged other southern Christian women to denounce slavery.

Biographies by Last Name
Penn, William

William Penn (1644-1718) was a Quaker activist, religious tolerance advocate and founder of the Pennsylvania colony.

Other ARDA Resources for European Free-Church Family (Brethren, Mennonites, Quaker, Amish)
Group Family
Family Tree
Independent/Nondenominational
Events by Name
American Bible Society Founded

The American Bible Society (est. 1816) is a faith-based voluntary society that distributes millions of Bibles throughout the country.

National Association of Evangelicals Founded

The National Association of Evangelicals was founded in 1942 to provide representation for evangelicals in Washington, D.C., and with the broadcasting industry.

Sojourners Magazine

Sojourners magazine, founded in 1971, promoted a greater prominence of liberal Christian views on social issues within the evangelical community.

The American Sunday School Union

In 1817, the American Sunday School Union formed as a faith-based voluntary society to spread education and knowledge of the Bible throughout the country.

Biographies by Last Name
Jakes, Thomas Dexter "T.D."

Thomas Dexter "T.D." Jakes (1957-present) is a popular televised pastor known for his large church services, bestselling books, and cable ministry programs.

Ockenga, Harold John

Harold John Ockenga (1905-1985) led the new evangelical movement by helping co-found Fuller Seminary, the National Association of Evangelicals, and Christianity Today.

Liberal Family
Events by Name
Olympia Brown Ordained By Universalist Church

In 1863, women's rights activist Olympia Brown (1835-1926) became the first woman to be ordained by the Universalist Church.

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Group Family
Lutheran Family
Biographies by Last Name
Niebuhr, Reinhold

Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971) was an influential theologian who advocated social justice and critiqued aspects of theological liberalism. He also is credited with the Serenity Prayer.

Tillich, Paul Johannes

Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was a German American theologian and public intellectual who connected Christian faith to modern culture.

Other ARDA Resources for Lutheran Family
Group Family
Family Tree
Other Groups
Events by Name
American Indian Religious Freedom Act

The American Indian Religious Freedom Act, passed in 1978, acknowledged the importance of Native American religious traditions and pledged to protect their rights.

Baha'i House of Worship in Wilmette, Illinois

The Baha'i House of Worship, located near Chicago in Wilmette, Ill., was opened in 1953 and is the only Baha'i temple in North America.

Chief Seattle's Speech

An 1854 speech by Native American Chief Seattle (1780-1866) inspired the 20th century environmental movement, despite being heavily rewritten.

Church of Scientology

In 1954, L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) began the Church of Scientology with teachings on how to reach a blissful "state of clear."

First Shinto Shrine in the U.S.

On November 3, 1898, Japanese immigrants built the first Shinto shrine in the United States in Hilo, Hawaii.

First Sikh Gurdwara

The first gurdwara, a Sikh gathering place, was built in 1912 in Stockton, C.A., by settlers attracted to the fertile farmland similar to their native Punjab.

Native American Peyote Controversy

Despite passage of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act in 1978, legal judgments continued to challenge the use of peyote in religious services until 1994.

Biographies by Last Name
the Prophet, Tenskwatawa

Tenskwatawa (1775-1836), also called "The Shawnee Prophet," became the spiritual leader of one of the largest Native American confederations until an 1811 U.S. military defeat.

Thind, Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh Thind (1892-1967), a Sant Mat devotee and Indian immigrant, was the subject of an important legal test denying U.S. citizenship to Asian Indians.

Wilson, Jack "Wovoka"

Wovoka (1856-1932), a Paiute mystic also known as Jack Wilson, became the spiritual leader of a Ghost Dance movement that waned after the Wounded Knee Massacre.

Other ARDA Resources for Other Groups
Group Family
Restoration Movement
Events by Name
Cane Ridge Camp Meeting

Barton Stone organized the Cane Ridge camp meeting (1801), the largest and most famous religious revival of the Second Great Awakening.

The Second Great Awakening

The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving rise to new denominations and social reform organizations.

Triennial Convention

In 1814, the Triennial Convention became the first formal Baptist missionary agency in America.

Other ARDA Resources for Restoration Movement
Family Tree
Spiritualist Family
Events by Name
Fox Sisters Contact a Spirit

America's Spiritualism movement, which believes spirits of the dead can communicate with the living through mediums, traces its roots to two young girls in 1848.

Theosophical Society Founded

Founded in New York in 1875, the Theosophical Society popularized such Eastern tenets as karma and reincarnation in a new religious movement emphasizing spiritual evolution.

Movements
Spiritualism
Other ARDA Resources for Spiritualist Family
Group Family

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