Methodist Family - Events By Name
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9/11
On September 11, 2001 ("9/11"), al-Qaeda terrorists crashed two planes into the Twin Towers and one into the Pentagon. More than 3,000 people died.
African Methodist Episcopal Church
In 1816, the African Methodist Episcopal Church formed after years of unequal treatment with white Methodists. It is the oldest existing African-American denomination in the U.S.
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
The African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church formed in 1821 as a response to racial discrimination and segregation.
American Revolution
When the first shots were fired in 1775, the Colonies didn’t even have a military. Eight years later, the United States had defeated England.
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
In 1870, the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church formed after southern black Methodists desired to form their own denomination following the Civil War.
Church of the United Brethren in Christ
In 1800, the Church of the United Brethren in Christ formed as a result of evangelizing German immigrants. It is the first uniquely American denomination.
Civil War
The Civil War (1861-1865) was fought between the U.S. government and 11 southern states. The Union prevailed, slaves were freed, and nearly 700,000 people died.
Cold War
The antagonistic relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, known as the Cold War (1947-1991), lasted for nearly half a century.
Colonial Period
Colonial America took root in Virginia in 1607 and gained momentum when the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts. By 1760, there were two million settlers.
Congregational Methodist Church
In 1852, the Congregational Methodist Church broke off from the Methodist Episcopal Church, South over church governance disputes.
Death of Francis Asbury
Francis Asbury’s 1816 death marked the end of an influential 55-year ministry, but American Methodists continued to flourish following his death.
Duke University Founded
A group of Methodists and Quakers founded a subscription school in 1838 that would eventually become Duke University.
Emory University Founded
In 1836, the Methodist Episcopal Church founded Emory College in Georgia.
Evangelical Methodist Church
In 1946, the Evangelical Methodist Church formed in response to fears of liberalism within the Methodist Church.
Fanny Crosby Writes "Blessed Assurance"
Fanny Crosby’s "Blessed Assurance" (1873) became one of the most popular Christian hymns.
Female Ordination Controversy in Methodist Episcopal Church
In 1880, Anna Howard Shaw and Anna Oliver both were denied ordination rights by the Methodist Episcopal Church, stirring tensions regarding female ordination.
First Camp Meeting, Rehoboth, NC
In 1794, Daniel Asbury and the Methodists held the first recognized camp meeting in the United States.
First Methodist Missionary Societies Organized
In 1819, American Methodists organized their first missionary societies in New York and Philadelphia.
First Methodist Societies Established
From 1763 to 1766, the first Methodist societies in America were established in Maryland, Virginia, and New York.
First Wave of Feminism
The 72-year struggle to grant women the right to vote evolved as the central theme of the first wave of American feminism (1848-1920).
First Wesleyan Missionaries Arrive in America
Though Methodists were already in America, John Wesley sent Richard Boardman and Joseph Pilmore to America in 1769 in order to further spread Methodism.
Founding Period
With independence won, the United States of America began creating a new government during the Founding Period (1783-1791), including the selection of the first president.
Francis Asbury Arrives in America
Methodist missionary Francis Asbury travels from England to America in 1771 and becomes the leader of American Methodism.
Free Methodist Church
Benjamin Titus Roberts and John Wesley Redfield founded the Free Methodist Church in 1860 after failing to reform the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Freedmen's Aid Society
In the 1860s, the Freedmen’s Aid Society formed with the goal of increasing educational opportunities for blacks in the American South.
George Whitefield's First American Preaching Tour
George Whitefield's preaching tour (1739-1740) helped propel his career as the preeminent revivalist of the First Great Awakening.
Great Depression
The Great Depression (1929-1939) brought the biggest economic upheaval in U.S. history. Millions of people were unemployed, banks/businesses failed, and there was sweeping poverty.
Indian Manual Training School Founded in Oregon
In 1835, Methodist missionaries established a mission and manual labor school for American Indians, which was largely unsuccessful.
James O'Kelly's Congregational Revolt
In 1792, James O'Kelly, concerned with the power of bishops, led the first schism in the American Methodist Church.
Jim Crow Laws
Abolition freed the slaves, but blacks were kept segregated from whites in the South through local and state regulations known as Jim Crow laws (1890-1965).
John and Charles Wesley Visit America
In 1736, John and Charles Wesley arrived in Savannah, Georgia. Although disappointing, the mission impacted the early stages of Methodism.
John Chivington Leads Sand Creek Massacre
In 1864, former Methodist Episcopal Church pastor John Chivington led a massacre against Colorado Native Americans, now known as the Sand Creek Massacre.
John R. Mott Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
In 1946, John R. Mott was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for promoting religious peace through his ecumenical efforts
King Philip's War
For 14 months (1675-1676), Indians raided settlements and colonialists launched counterattacks. It ended after King Philip, the chief of the Wampanoag Indian tribe, was assassinated.
Marjorie Matthews Elected Bishop
Marjorie Matthews was elected bishop in the United Methodist church in 1980. She was the first female elected bishop of any mainline Christian church.
Methodist Episcopal Church
In 1784, the Methodist Episcopal Church became the first official Methodist denomination in the United States.
Methodist Episcopal Church, South
In 1845, the contentious issue of American slavery divided the Methodist Episcopal Church into Northern and Southern denominations.
Methodists Approve Full Ordination of Women
In 1956, the Methodist Church finally permitted the full ordination of women after years of resistance.
Northern and Southern Factions of the Methodist Episcopal Church Reunite
The Methodist Episcopal Church and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South reunited in 1939, nearly a century after the issue of slavery divided them.
Pilgrim Holiness Church
The Pilgrim Holiness Church (1897) was originally a Methodist prayer league that grew into a denomination by the early 20th century.
President McKinley Addresses Methodist Ministers on Philippines
On November 21, 1899, President William McKinley told Methodist leaders that he had been divinely inspired to annex the Philippines.
Prohibition
The 18th amendment made the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol illegal in the United States for 13 years (1920-1933).
Publication of Autobiography of Peter Cartwright
Peter Cartwright’s Autobiography (1856) recounts the famous Methodist circuit rider’s life, from his conversion to his encounters with famous American figures.
Publication of Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee
Jarena Lee’s 1836 autobiography is one of the first extended life accounts of a black woman in America.
Reconstruction and Industrialization
During the Reconstruction and Industrialization period (1865-1890), the South struggled to recover after the Civil War. Meanwhile, United States was emerging as an industrial giant.
Rise of Equal Rights Movements
The social justice movements of the 1960s were infectious, giving rise to women, racial minorities, and LGBT groups seeking equal rights in the United States.
Sojourner Truth's Methodist Conversion
In 1843, Sojourner Truth converted to Methodism and found her calling as an important social activist for blacks as well as women.
The Christian Advocate First Published
In 1826, the Methodist Episcopal Church commissioned the Christian Advocate, a weekly newspaper that became one of the most popular periodicals in the country.
The First Great Awakening
The First Great Awakening (1730s-1770s) was a series of religious revivals that propelled the expansion of evangelical denominations in the colonies.
The Methodist Social Creed Adopted
In 1908, the Methodist Episcopal Church developed an official creed to address social problems of poverty and child labor exploitation.
The Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving rise to new denominations and social reform organizations.
The Wesleyan Methodist Church Connection
In 1843, abolitionists split from the Methodist Episcopal Church over slavery and church governance.
Thomas Coke's Anti-Slavery Resolution, "Christmas Conference"
The Christmas Conference of 1784 allowed American Methodists to establish their new denominational identity in the United States and to reaffirm their opposition to slavery.
UMC General Conference Denies Sexuality Amendment
In 2008 and 2012, the United Methodist Church denied changes in the Book of Discipline, which would have permitted a more liberal stance on homosexuality.
Union Church of Africans
In 1813, the Union Church of Africans became the first independently organized black church in the United States.
United Methodist Church
In 1968, Methodist Episcopal Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church merged to form the United Methodist Church, the largest Methodist denomination in the United States.
Vanderbilt University Founded
In 1873, Vanderbilt University was founded in Nashville, Tennessee with the initial goal of training local Methodist ministers.
Vietnam War
America’s two-decade involvement in the Vietnam War (1955-1975) was costly and divisive. It claimed more than 58,000 U.S. lives and cost 140 billion dollars.
War of 1812
The War of 1812 (1812-1815) is often called the second American Revolutionary War, because it again pitted America against Britain.
Wesleyan Church
In 1968, the Wesleyan Methodist Church and the Pilgrim Holiness Church merged to form the Wesleyan Church.
Wesleyan College
In 1836, Wesleyan College was founded in Macon, GA. It is the oldest college for women in the world.
Wesley's A Collection of Hymns, for Use of the People Called Methodists
This 1780 hymnbook, written by John Wesley, became the definitive hymnbook for Methodists.
Westward and Southern Expansion
The United States of America began pushing beyond the boundaries of its original 13 states, until its holdings spanned from sea to sea (1790-1848).
World War I
World War I (1914-1919) began in Europe, but grew into an unprecedented global conflict with 65 million troops. It was called the Great War.
World War II
With the rise of Adolf Hitler, Germany began annexing neighboring countries, leading to the second World War (1939-1945) and the deadliest conflict in world history.
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