Search Timelines:
Catholicism (Western Liturgical Family)
(Prominent timeline entries for this religious group)

Events by Name
Al Smith Presidential Campaign

Alfred E. "Al" Smith became the first Catholic nominee for president when he ran as a Democrat in 1928 against Herbert Hoover.

Catholic Church Abuse Scandal

The Catholic Church has recently been the subject of a widespread scandal involving Catholic officials accused of sexual abuse and cover-ups.

City of Boerne v. Flores

In this 1997 case, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress had overstepped its constitutional powers in enacting the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993.

Election of John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy became the first Catholic President of the United States when he defeated Richard Nixon in the 1960 election.

First Convent of Nuns in America

The first Catholic convent in America was founded in 1790 in Maryland by four contemplative Discalced Carmelite Nuns who came from a convent in Belgium.

Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (i.e., Hart-Celler Act) permitted more Muslim, Buddhist, and Hindu immigrants into the United States, changing the U.S. religious landscape.

Joint Catholic-Orthodox Declaration

The Joint Catholic-Orthodox Declaration of 1965 revoked the mutual excommunications of 1054 that led to the Great Schism.

Publication of Encyclical Rerum Novarum

Rerum Novarum, an 1891 encyclical by Pope Leo XIII on protecting the working class, is a foundational text in modern Catholic social thought.

Second Vatican Council (Vatican II)

The Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) was a Catholic ecumenical council that attempted to reconcile Catholicism with the challenges of modernity.

Biographies by Last Name
Brownson, Orestes

Orestes Brownson (1803-1876) was a public intellectual who defended Catholicism and its compatibility with American society.

Carroll, John

John Carroll (1735-1815) served as the first Catholic bishop in the United States and helped expand the Catholic Church domestically.

Chavez, Cesar

Cesar Chavez (1927-1993) was a prominent labor leader who fought on behalf of American farm workers.

Coughlin, Charles

Charles Coughlin (1891-1979) was a Catholic "radio priest," who was controversial for his anti-Semitic, pro-Nazi views leading up to World War II.

Day, Dorothy

Dorothy Day (1897-1980) was a Catholic activist, known for co-founding the Catholic Worker movement, leading anti-war and anti-nuclear proliferation movements, and promoting assistance to the poor.

Gibbons, James

James Gibbons (1834-1921) was an American cardinal archbishop who guided the Catholic Church through historic changes and mediated relations between American Catholics and the Vatican.

Hughes, John

John Hughes (1797-1864) was a New York archbishop, who oversaw growth in the American Catholic Church due to Irish immigration and advocated Catholic parochial education.

Merton, Thomas

Thomas Merton (1915-1968) was a Catholic monk and prolific writer, who denounced social inequality and opened up interfaith dialogue.

O'Connor, Flannery

The American writer Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964) depicted fictional Southern characters confronting grace in depressing circumstances.

Ryan, John A.

John A. Ryan (1869-1945) was a Catholic priest and moral theologian who fought for economic justice. He helped inspire and support Roosevelt’s New Deal Programs.

Serra, Junipero

Junipero Serra (1713-1784) was a Spanish Franciscan priest who strengthened Spanish control of California and helped bring Catholic faith to the New World.

Sheen, Fulton

Fulton Sheen (1895-1979) was a popular Catholic leader, who appeared on popular radio programs ("Catholic Hour") and television programs ("Life is Worth Living").

VI, Paul

Pope Paul VI (1897-1978) oversaw the completion of the Second Vatican Council and authored Humanae Vitae, an important and controversial document in modern Catholicism.

XXIII, John

Pope John XXIII (1881-1963) called the Second Vatican Council, one of the most significant events in the modern Catholic Church.

Other ARDA Resources for Catholicism (Western Liturgical Family)
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