Bible Presbyterian Church
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Founder
Carl McIntire, J. Oliver Buswell
Time Period
5/1/1937
Description
The conservative dissidents who left the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) in 1936 to form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC) were united by their opposition to liberal theology. Once they were on their own, however, controversies emerged over eschatology and the consumption of alcohol. For example, most of the traditional Presbyterians, like J. Gresham Machen, were opposed to an official ban on the use of alcohol while the fundamentalist faction, led by Carl McIntire, supported Prohibition.

After tensions continued to plague the denomination, McIntire and his allies left the OPC in May 1937 and formed their own independent synod, known as the Bible Presbyterian Church.

The Bible Presbyterian Church (BPC) endured a series of controversies and splits over the next 50 years. Today, the denomination lists just 18 member churches.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Presbyterian Religious Events and People in American History
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Presbyterian Religious Events and People in American History
Religious Groups
Presbyterian-Reformed Family: Other ARDA Links

Biographies
McIntire, Carl
Movements
Christian Fundamentalism
Photographs

First Bible Presbyterian Synod, 1938- Internet Archive- from A Brief History of the Bible Presbyterian Church and its Agencies by Margaret G. Harden

Carl McIntire portrait- Internet Archive- from A Brief History of the Bible Presbyterian Church and its Agencies by Margaret G. Harden

Bible Presbyterian Church of Collingswood, NJ- Internet Archive- from A Brief History of the Bible Presbyterian Church and its Agencies by Margaret G. Harden
Book/Journal Source(s)
Hart, D.G., 1994. Defending the Faith: J. Gresham Machen and the Crisis of Conservative Protestantism in Modern America. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.
Web Page Contributor
Paul Matzko
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in History

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