Diocese of Baltimore
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Time Period
11/6/1789
Description
After the American Revolution, American Catholics sought independence from the bishop of the Apostolic Vicariate of the London District in England, who had ecclesiastical jurisdiction at the time. Because Maryland was one of the few predominantly Catholic colonies, the Holy See established the office of the Apostolic Prefecture of the United States there on November 26, 1784. It was elevated to the Diocese of Baltimore on November 6, 1789, becoming the first diocese in the United States. Bishop John Carroll became the bishop of Baltimore that year as well, making him the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States.

On April 8, 1808, the diocese was elevated to the status of archdiocese. Today, the archdiocese is recognized as the "premier" episcopal see of the American Roman Catholic Church.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
Religious Groups
Catholicism (Western Liturgical Family): Other ARDA Links

Biographies
Carroll, John
Photographs

Cathedral of the Assumption, Baltimore- photo by Basilica1 at English Wikipedia

John Carroll portrait- Internet Archive- from Biographical Sketch of the Most Rev. John Carroll by John Carroll Brent

Diocese of Baltimore map- Internet Archive- from The Life and Times of John Carroll by Peter Guilday

6th Provincial Council, Baltimore- Internet Archive- from History of the Catholic Church in the United States by John Gilmary Shea

Baltimore, Maryland- New York Public Library Digital Collections
Web Source(s)
http://www.archbalt.org/about-us/the-archdiocese/our-history/index.cfm
History of the Archdiocese of Baltimore
Web Page Contributor
Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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