Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
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Founder
Rep. Emanuel Celler (D-N.Y., 1888-1981) and Sen. Philip Hart (D-Mich., 1912-1976)
Time Period
1965
Description
President Lyndon Johnson signed The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, also known as the Hart-Celler Act, abolishing quotas that had heavily favored Europeans. The new emphasis would be on skills and trades needed in America and re-uniting families.

Over the next several decades, the diversity of this global influx would dramatically change the religious landscape of the U.S. -- with new mosques, gurdwaras and temples rising up in urban and rural areas. By the early 21st century, there were 3.3 million Muslims, 3 million Buddhists, 2 million Hindus and 500,00 Sikhs in the U.S. -- many of whom were foreign-born.

The Catholic Church benefitted from a huge surge of Catholic immigrants from Latin America and the Philippines. By 2007, 46 percent of Catholics were foreign-born; overall, the U.S. Catholic population grew from 46 million in the year the immigration act began to 68 million in 2016.

Interactive Timeline(s)
Prominent Religious Events and People in American History
Race/Ethnicity and Religion
Religious Minorities (Non-Christian)
Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Prominent Religious Events and People in American History
Race/Ethnicity and Religion in American History
Religious Minorities (Non-Christian) in American History
Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Buddhist

Timeline Entries for the same religious group Hindu

Catholicism (Western Liturgical Family): Other ARDA Links

Photographs

President Lyndon Johnson signing the Immigration Act- LBJ Library photo by Yoichi Okamoto

Emanuel Celler portrait- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-127299

Philip A Hart portrait- United States Congress photo

President Lyndon Johnson delivers his speech before signing the Immigration Act- LBJ Library photo by Yoichi Okamoto
Book/Journal Source(s)
Rosenbaum, Robert, 1982. The Concord Desk Encyclopedia . Concord Reference Books, Inc..
Web Source(s)
http://cis.org/Hart-Celler-Immigration-Act-1965
Center for Immigration Studies
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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