Eddy, Mary Baker
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Time Period
7/16/1821  - 12/3/1910
Description
Mary Baker Eddy was heavily influenced by a clockmaker named Phineas Quimby who believed that sickness comes from mental illusions rather than physical problems. When Eddy miraculously rose on the third day after being bedridden from slipping on some ice in 1866, she established what became known as the Christian Science movement. According to Eddy, illusions of pain, sickness, and sin separate humans from God. It is through turning to Jesus that one can break through illusions and live a prosperous life. Her famous Science and Health, with Key to the Scriptures interpreted the Bible in light of Christian Science.

Eddy had strong critics both from outside and within the movement. Mark Twain famously mocked Eddy and Christian Science. Others accused her of plagiarism and immorality. Internal schisms also occurred. Despite this, Eddy established a church of 100,000 members and the renowned Christian Science Monitor before her death in 1910.
Interactive Timeline(s)
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Women and Religion
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Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Christian Science Family
Christian Science Family: Other ARDA Links

Movements
New Thought
Photographs

Mary Eddy portrait- Internet Archive

Mary Eddy healing- Internet Archive- from Christ and Christmas, a poem by Mary Baker G. Eddy

Mary Eddy portrait 2- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-53514

Mary Eddy portrait- Library of Congress, LC-USZ61-215

Mary Eddy reading- Internet Archive- from Christ and Christmas, a poem by Mary Baker G. Eddy
Book/Journal Source(s)
Reid, Daniel, Robert Linder, Bruce Shelley, and Harry Stout, 1990. Dictionary of Christianity in America. Downers Grove, IL.
Queen, Edward, Stephen Prothero and Gardiner Shattuck, 1996. The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File.
Web Page Contributor
Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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