of Alaska, Herman 
Search Timelines:

Time Period
1756
Description
Although the first celebration of the Orthodox Divine Liturgy in the Americas occurred in 1741, a permanent Orthodox mission presence would not exist until the end of the century. One of the original missionaries was Herman of Alaska, who became a lay monk in Russia in 1783. He arrived in modern-day Alaska with a group of seven other missionaries in 1794 and established the foundation for a future Orthodox diocese. Although he was not ordained, Herman became the leader of the mission after 1799.

He was noted during his life for his fight against the heavy-handed tactics of Russian fur trading outfits, particularly the Russian-American Company, which frequently abused Native Americans. Herman established a hermitage called “New Valaam,” after his monastery in Russia, on Spruce Island near Kodiak as well as a school for native children. Herman was canonized as the first Orthodox saint of the United States in 1970.
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Eastern Liturgical Family (Orthodox)
Eastern Liturgical Family (Orthodox): Other ARDA Links

Photographs

Herman of Alaska icon 2- Holy Trinity Orthodox Church- photo by Corielle Stickles

Herman of Alaska icon- Flickr- photo by kiszka king (CC BY 2..0)

Herman of Alaska icon- Holy Trinity Orthodox Church- photo by Corielle Stickles

Herman of Alaska Spruce Island chapel- Library of Congress, HABS AK,12-MOLA,1--2
Book/Journal Source(s)
Erickson, John H., 1999. Orthodox Christians in America. New York: Oxford University Press.
FitzGerald, Thomas E., 1995. The Orthodox Church. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Web Source(s)
http://oca.org/FS.NA-Document.asp?SID=4&ID=52
"Saint Herman of Alaska: Wonderworker of All America" Address of the Great Council of Bishops of the Orthodox Church in America, 11-13 March 1969, Concerning The Canonization of the Spiritual Father Herman of Alaska
Web Page Contributor
William S. Cossen
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in History

Bookmark and Share