Hirsch, Emil 
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Time Period
5/22/1851  - 1/7/1923
Born in Luxembourg in 1851, Emil G. Hirsch arrived in America as a teenager when his father became rabbi of a Reform congregation in Philadelphia. After Hirsch graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1872, he returned to Europe for rabbinical studies.

In 1880, Hirsch was named rabbi of the prestigious Sinai Congregation in Chicago, serving there until his death in 1923. Hirsch’s influence was widespread, gaining fame for his intellect and preaching skills.

As many as 2,000 people would attend his services, held on Sunday instead of the traditional Saturday Sabbath. Among his most notable teachings was the necessity of ethical conduct, not just religious adherence ("deed and creed").

His eclecticism -- from embracing Darwin to suggesting a universality of religion -- was seen as radical, even controversial. In 1893, he was one of the most vocal Jewish leaders at the historic Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago.
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Religious Minorities (Non-Christian)
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Religious Minorities (Non-Christian) in American History
Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Judaism Family
Judaism Family: Other ARDA Links

World Parliament of Religions

Emil G Hirsch portrait- Wikimedia Commons

Sinai Temple, Chicago- Internet Archive- from The Jews of Illinois by Herman Eliassof
Web Source(s)
Jewish Encyclopedia, "Emil Gustav Hirsch"
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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