Palmer, Phoebe 
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Time Period
12/18/1807  - 11/2/1874
Description
Born into a devout Methodist family in New York, Phoebe Worrall Palmer became one of the most influential female religious leaders of the 19th century.

After suffering the death of three babies, Phoebe Palmer began to see the tragedies as God’s punishment for her lack of devotion. After much self-examination, she claimed to have discovered a "shorter way" to the mystic sense of union with God, or “Holiness.”

In 1835, she and her sister began holding weekly prayer meetings, first for women but later for prominent male theological leaders who endorsed her "way."

Spirit-filled meetings spread across the country, and Palmer is credited with converting thousands of men and women. Her lectures and writings (including her famed book The Way of Holiness) were a precursor for such Pentecostal-style denominations as the Church of the Nazarene, The Salvation Army and The Church of God.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Women and Religion
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Women and Religion in American History
Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Holiness Family
Holiness Family: Other ARDA Links

Events
Phoebe Palmer Writes The Way of Holiness
Movements
Holiness Movement
Photographs

Phoebe Palmer portrait- Internet Archive- from The Life and Letters of Mrs. Phoebe Palmer by Richard Wheatley
Web Source(s)
http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/people/moversandshakers/phoebe-palmer.html
Christianity Today, "Phoebe Palmer: Mother of the holiness movement"
http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age-reform/approaches/phoebe-palmer-1807-1874-holiness-theology
"Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874) and Holiness Theology"
http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/history/historians-miscellaneous-biographies/phoebe-palmer
Encyclopedia of World Biography, "Phoebe Worrall Palmer"
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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