Survey of Aging and Longevity, 2013

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 2) WEIGHT;
(The number of missing cases reported in the codebook are unweighted)
1) Unique respondent identification number (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3913165417.1853210.62
2) Weight variable (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0.9770.864
3) Sample type (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Landline171443.8
2) Cell phone219956.2
TOTAL3913100.0
4) Language interview conducted in (LANG)
TOTAL%
1) English368194.1
2) Spanish2325.9
TOTAL3913100.0
5) Census region (based on self-reported zipcode, or sample geographic information if zipcode not provided/matched) (CREGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast71618.3
2) Midwest84321.5
3) South145737.2
4) West89722.9
TOTAL3913100.0
6) Indicates which form of the questionnaire respondent received (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Form 197424.9
2) Form 2100125.6
3) Form 395724.5
4) Form 498025.1
TOTAL3912100.0
7) Overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in your life today? (Q1)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied316080.8
2) Dissatisfied61715.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1363.5
TOTAL3913100.0
8) Looking ahead to the next ten years, do you think your life, overall, will be better, worse, or about the same as it is now? (Q2)
TOTAL%
1) Will be better217855.7
2) Will be worse43111
3) About the same109127.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)2135.4
TOTAL3913100.0
9) Thinking back to ten years ago, would you say your life, overall, is better today, worse today, or about the same as it was then? (Q3)
TOTAL%
1) Better today220956.5
2) Worse today69417.7
3) About the same96324.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)461.2
TOTAL3912100.0
10) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) Your personal financial situation (Q4A)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent48712.4
2) Good163841.9
3) Only fair112828.8
4) Poor59715.3
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)13.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)501.3
TOTAL3913100.0
11) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) Your employment situation (Q4B)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent87122.3
2) Good118330.2
3) Only fair61015.6
4) Poor48512.4
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)75119.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)12.3
TOTAL3912100.0
12) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) The number of friends you have (Q4C)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent142736.5
2) Good166142.5
3) Only fair58715
4) Poor1814.6
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)25.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)30.8
TOTAL3911100.0
13) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) Your spiritual life (Q4D)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent141836.2
2) Good171943.9
3) Only fair50312.9
4) Poor1343.4
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)1142.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)24.6
TOTAL3912100.0
14) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) Your health (Q4E)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent103926.6
2) Good183747
3) Only fair74519
4) Poor2777.1
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)10
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)13.3
TOTAL3912100.0
15) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) Your relationship with your children (Q4F)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent167142.7
2) Good96424.6
3) Only fair1814.6
4) Poor601.5
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)102626.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)11.3
TOTAL3913100.0
16) As you think about each of the following areas of your life, please tell me whether, on the whole, you would rate this aspect of your life as excellent, good, only fair, or poor: (INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE) Your relationship with your spouse or partner (Q4G)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent151138.6
2) Good107927.6
3) Only fair2616.7
4) Poor1904.9
7) Doesn't apply (VOL.)86022
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)11.3
TOTAL3912100.0
17) FORM 3&4: How much do you worry about outliving your money after retirement-do you worry a lot, a little, not too much, or not at all? (Q4H)
TOTAL%
1) A lot35418.3
2) A little44723.1
3) Not too much42822.1
4) Not at all67735
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)311.6
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
18) Thinking about the country as a whole… All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today? (Q5)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied117530
2) Dissatisfied256865.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1704.3
TOTAL3913100.0
19) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? Scientists (Q6A)
TOTAL%
1) A lot253764.8
2) Some91823.5
3) Not very much2095.3
4) Nothing at all1012.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1483.8
TOTAL3913100.0
20) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society Engineers (Q6B)
TOTAL%
1) A lot244862.6
2) Some103126.3
3) Not very much1884.8
4) Nothing at all822.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1644.2
TOTAL3913100.0
21) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? Clergy (Q6C)
TOTAL%
1) A lot146437.4
2) Some139535.7
3) Not very much47812.2
4) Nothing at all2225.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)3529
TOTAL3911100.0
22) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? Medical doctors (Q6D)
TOTAL%
1) A lot258766.1
2) Some93824
3) Not very much2315.9
4) Nothing at all812.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)772
TOTAL3914100.0
23) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? [FORMS 1 AND 3] Journalists/D (Q6EF13)
TOTAL%
1) A lot54928.4
2) Some80741.8
3) Not very much35818.5
4) Nothing at all1598.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)593.1
Missing2023 
TOTAL1932100.0
24) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? [FORMS 1 AND 3] Artists (Q6FF13)
TOTAL%
1) A lot58130.1
2) Some81942.4
3) Not very much32917
4) Nothing at all1256.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)774
Missing2023 
TOTAL1931100.0
25) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? [FORMS 1 AND 3] Members of the military (Q6GF13)
TOTAL%
1) A lot151078.2
2) Some29315.2
3) Not very much603.1
4) Nothing at all351.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)331.7
Missing2023 
TOTAL1931100.0
26) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? [FORMS 2 AND 4] Lawyers (Q6HF24)
TOTAL%
1) A lot35718
2) Some86143.4
3) Not very much45222.8
4) Nothing at all22011.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)924.6
Missing1983 
TOTAL1982100.0
27) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? [FORMS 2 AND 4] Business executives (Q6IF24)
TOTAL%
1) A lot48524.5
2) Some82341.5
3) Not very much41721
4) Nothing at all1427.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1145.8
Missing1983 
TOTAL1981100.0
28) Do [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] contribute a lot, some, not very much, or nothing at all to the well being of our society? [FORMS 2 AND 4] Teachers (Q6JF24)
TOTAL%
1) A lot141771.5
2) Some34917.6
3) Not very much1356.8
4) Nothing at all402
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)402
Missing1983 
TOTAL1981100.0
29) Please tell me if you think each of the following trends is generally a good thing for American society, a bad thing for American society, or doesn't make much difference? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] More gay and lesbian couples raising children (Q7A)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing for society81320.8
2) Bad thing for society137335.1
3) Doesn't make much difference159140.7
9) Don't now/Refused (VOL.)1363.5
TOTAL3913100.0
30) Please tell me if you think each of the following trends is generally a good thing for American society, a bad thing for American society, or doesn't make much difference? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] More people of different races marrying each other (Q7B)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing for society144036.8
2) Bad thing for society3859.8
3) Doesn't make much difference199951.1
9) Don't now/Refused (VOL.)892.3
TOTAL3913100.0
31) Please tell me if you think each of the following trends is generally a good thing for American society, a bad thing for American society, or doesn't make much difference? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] More people who are not religious (Q7C)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing for society41810.7
2) Bad thing for society186247.6
3) Doesn't make much difference152839.1
9) Don't now/Refused (VOL.)1042.7
TOTAL3912100.0
32) Please tell me if you think each of the following trends is generally a good thing for American society, a bad thing for American society, or doesn't make much difference? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] More elderly people in the population (Q7E)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing for society159240.7
2) Bad thing for society3749.6
3) Doesn't make much difference183346.8
9) Don't now/Refused (VOL.)1142.9
TOTAL3913100.0
33) Thinking about medical science. Which of these statements comes closest to your point of view, even if neither is exactly right? (Q8)
TOTAL%
1) (One) Medical treatments these days are worth the costs because they allow people to live longer and better quality lives.210253.7
2) (Two) Medical treatments these days often create as many problems as they solve.159740.8
3) Neither/Both equally (VOL.)1022.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1112.8
TOTAL3912100.0
34) How much confidence, if any, do you have that new medicines and medical treatments have been carefully tested before being made available to the public? (Q9)
TOTAL%
1) A lot95424.4
2) Some183246.8
3) Not too much81820.9
4) None at all2496.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)601.5
TOTAL3913100.0
35) How much, if at all, do you worry about health care providers keeping your medical records confidential? Do you worry… (Q10)
TOTAL%
1) A lot78120
2) Some87122.3
3) Not too much105026.8
4) Not at all119130.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)21.5
TOTAL3914100.0
36) Now I'd like to ask you some questions about getting older… If you had your choice, how long would you like to live? That is, until what age? (Q14)
TOTAL%
22) 2210
27) 2710
29) 2900
30) 3010
34) 3410
35) 3510
40) 402.1
45) 452.1
48) 4810
50) 5017.4
54) 5400
55) 555.1
58) 5800
60) 6037.9
61) 6100
62) 624.1
63) 634.1
64) 6410
65) 6534.9
66) 6610
68) 687.2
69) 695.1
70) 702145.5
71) 712.1
72) 7213.3
73) 7310
74) 7400
75) 751644.2
76) 769.2
77) 774.1
78) 7820.5
79) 792.1
80) 8063716.3
81) 815.1
82) 8227.7
83) 8322.6
84) 8412.3
85) 8542010.7
86) 8622.6
87) 8726.7
88) 8823.6
89) 8921.5
90) 9067917.4
91) 912.1
92) 929.2
93) 9316.4
94) 9415.4
95) 951193
96) 967.2
97) 9713.3
98) 985.1
99) 9911.3
100) 10059915.3
101) 1017.2
102) 1028.2
103) 1035.1
104) 1044.1
105) 10529.7
106) 1062.1
107) 1072.1
109) 1096.2
110) 110421.1
112) 1123.1
113) 11310
114) 11400
115) 1152.1
116) 1163.1
118) 11810
119) 11910
120) 120561.4
121) 12110
122) 12200
125) 1252.1
126) 12600
127) 12710
130) 13011.3
132) 1322.1
140) 1402.1
143) 14310
150) 15033.8
160) 1602.1
170) 1703.1
180) 1802.1
183) 18300
197) 19710
200) 20018.5
203) 20310
220) 22010
250) 2507.2
270) 27010
300) 30010.3
400) 4002.1
500) 5008.2
700) 70010
750) 75010
800) 80000
801) 80110
850) 85010
853) 85300
870) 87000
880) 88000
883) 88310
899) 89910
900) 900 years old or more461.2
998) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)3368.6
TOTAL3913100.0
37) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] Being able to talk or communicate with others (Q18A)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important190048.5
2) Very important172344
3) Somewhat important2376.1
4) Not important34.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)20.5
TOTAL3914100.0
38) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] [FORMS 1 AND 3] Being able to feed yourself (Q18BF13)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important87345.2
2) Very important85944.5
3) Somewhat important1548
4) Not important251.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)211.1
Missing2023 
TOTAL1932100.0
39) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] [FORMS 2 AND 4] Being able to dress yourself (Q18CF24)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important71936.3
2) Very important88344.6
3) Somewhat important33316.8
4) Not important271.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)201
Missing1983 
TOTAL1982100.0
40) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] Living without severe long-lasting pain (Q18D)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important166542.6
2) Very important173344.3
3) Somewhat important3869.9
4) Not important751.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)531.4
TOTAL3912100.0
41) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] [FORMS 1 AND 3] Having long term memory about important people and experiences in your life (Q18EF13)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important71937.2
2) Very important88345.7
3) Somewhat important27714.3
4) Not important351.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)17.9
Missing2023 
TOTAL1931100.0
42) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] Having short term memory about events that happened today (Q18FF24)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important59530
2) Very important80740.7
3) Somewhat important43021.7
4) Not important1095.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)412.1
Missing1983 
TOTAL1982100.0
43) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] Getting enjoyment out of life (Q18G)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important172144
2) Very important179345.8
3) Somewhat important3368.6
4) Not important34.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)29.7
TOTAL3913100.0
44) People have different ideas about what it would mean to have a good quality of life in older age. How important, if at all, are each of the following for a good quality of life in older age? [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] Feeling what you do in life is worthwhile (Q18H)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important143636.7
2) Very important179946
3) Somewhat important56714.5
4) Not important711.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)401
TOTAL3913100.0
45) Now I'm going to read you a list of things that may or may not happen in about the next 40 years, that is before the year 2050. Please tell me how likely you think it is that each will happen. INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] The average person in the U.S. will live to be at least 120 years old. (Q21A)
TOTAL%
1) Will definitely happen1333.4
2) Will probably happen86422.1
3) Will probably NOT happen204952.4
4) Will definitely not happen82021
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)461.2
TOTAL3912100.0
46) Now I'm going to read you a list of things that may or may not happen in about the next 40 years, that is before the year 2050. Please tell me how likely you think it is that each will happen. [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] Scientists will bring back an extinct animal species by cloning it. (Q21B)
TOTAL%
1) Will definitely happen40610.4
2) Will probably happen153339.2
3) Will probably NOT happen138135.3
4) Will definitely not happen49312.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1002.6
TOTAL3913100.0
47) Now I'm going to read you a list of things that may or may not happen in about the next 40 years, that is before the year 2050. Please tell me how likely you think it is that each will happen. [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] There will be artificial arms and legs that perform better than natural ones. (Q21C)
TOTAL%
1) Will definitely happen80820.7
2) Will probably happen197150.4
3) Will probably NOT happen79420.3
4) Will definitely not happen2747
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)651.7
TOTAL3912100.0
48) Now I'm going to read you a list of things that may or may not happen in about the next 40 years, that is before the year 2050. Please tell me how likely you think it is that each will happen. [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE] There will be a cure for most forms of cancer. (Q21E)
TOTAL%
1) Will definitely happen54513.9
2) Will probably happen214754.9
3) Will probably NOT happen99725.5
4) Will definitely not happen1634.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)611.6
TOTAL3913100.0
49) As I read a pair of statements please tell me which one comes closest to your point of view, even if neither is exactly right. (Q22C)
TOTAL%
1) (One) The growing world population will NOT be a major problem because we will find a way to stretch our natural resources143936.8
2) (Two) The growing population WILL be a major problem because there won't be enough food and resources to go around239261.1
3) Neither/Both equally (VOL.)21.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)611.6
TOTAL3913100.0
50) As I read a pair of statements please tell me which one comes closest to your point of view, even if neither is exactly right. (Q22D)
TOTAL%
1) (One) Medical advances that prolong life are generally GOOD because they allow people to live longer248263.4
2) (Two) These advances are BAD because they interfere with the natural cycle of life.123831.6
3) Neither/Both equally (VOL.)731.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1203.1
TOTAL3913100.0
51) FORM 1 & 2: On another topic, which comes closer to your view? In all circumstances, doctors and nurses should do everything possible to save the life of a patient. Or, sometimes there are circumstances where a patient should be allowed to die. (Q25)
TOTAL%
1) Always save a life61130.9
2) Sometimes let a patient die129765.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)683.4
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
52) FORM 1 & 2: In some states, it's legal for doctors to prescribe lethal doses of drugs that a terminally ill patient could use themselves to commit suicide. Do you approve or disapprove of laws that let doctors assist patients who want to end their lives this way? (Q26)
TOTAL%
1) Approve93547.3
2) Disapprove97549.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)663.3
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
53) FORM 1 &2: How much ATTENTION do you think doctors and nurses pay to instructions from patients about whether or not they want treatment to keep them alive? Do you think doctors and nurses pay a lot of attention, some attention, or very little attention to patients' instructions? (Q27)
TOTAL%
1) A lot of attention72036.4
2) Some attention86843.9
3) Very little attention30415.4
4) No attention at all (VOL.)11.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)733.7
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
54) FORM 1 & 2: When a child is born with a life-threatening birth defect, do you think the parents have the right to REFUSE medical treatment that might save the infant's life, or do you think the infant, no matter what the defect, should receive as MUCH treatment as possible? (Q28)
TOTAL%
1) Parents can refuse treatment75238.1
2) Should receive most treatment possible113357.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)914.6
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
55) FORM 1 & 2: Do you think a person has a moral right to end his or her own life under any of the following circumstances? First when this person has a disease that is incurable? (Q29A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes110355.8
2) No80340.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)703.5
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
56) FORM 1 & 2: Do you think a person has a moral right to end his or her own life under any of the following circumstances? First when this person is suffering great pain and has no hope of improvement? (Q29B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes123562.5
2) No68934.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)522.6
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
57) FORM 1 & 2: Do you think a person has a moral right to end his or her own life under any of the following circumstances? First when this person is an extremely heavy burden on his or her family? (Q29C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62731.7
2) No126163.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)874.4
Missing2012 
TOTAL1975100.0
58) FORM 1 & 2: Do you think a person has a moral right to end his or her own life under any of the following circumstances? First when this person is ready to die because living has become a burden? (Q29D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74337.6
2) No113957.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)944.8
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
59) FORM 1 & 2: If a patient with a terminal disease is unable to communicate and has not made his or her own wishes known in advance, should the closest family member be allowed to decide whether to continue medical treatment, or should a family member not be allowed to make this decision? (Q30)
TOTAL%
1) Allowed153277.5
2) Not allowed31015.7
3) It depends (VOL.)472.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)874.4
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
60) FORM 1 & 2: Now I'm going to describe a few medical situations that sometimes happen, and for each one, please tell me what you would want YOUR OWN DOCTOR to do, if you could make the choice. If you had a disease with no hope of improvement and you were suffering a great deal of physical pain, would you tell your doctor to do EVERYTHING POSSIBLE to save your life, or would you tell your doctor to STOP TREATMENT so you could die? (Q31)
TOTAL%
1) Do everything possible to save your life69935.4
2) Stop treatment112356.9
3) It depends (VOL.)562.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)974.9
Missing2012 
TOTAL1975100.0
61) FORM 1 & 2: How about if you had a disease with no hope of improvement that made it hard for you to function in your day-to-day activities? (Would you tell your doctor to do EVERYTHING POSSIBLE to save your life, or would you tell your doctor to STOP TREATMENT so you could die?) (Q32)
TOTAL%
1) Do everything possible to save your life90145.6
2) Stop treatment90545.8
3) It depends (VOL.)643.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1055.3
Missing2012 
TOTAL1975100.0
62) FORM 1 & 2: How about if you had an illness that made you totally dependent on a family member or other person for all of your care? (Would you tell your doctor to do EVERYTHING POSSIBLE to save your life, or would you tell your doctor to STOP TREATMENT so you could die?) (Q33)
TOTAL%
1) Do everything possible to save your life73837.3
2) Stop treatment102551.9
3) It depends (VOL.)643.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1497.5
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
63) ALL 1 & 2: Before today, how much had you thought about your own wishes for medical treatment if you were in the kind of circumstances like those we've been talking about? Had you given this a great deal of thought, some thought, not very much thought, or no thought at all? (Q34)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal of thought73837.3
2) Some thought69635.2
3) Not very much thought30115.2
4) No thought at all22411.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)17.9
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
64) FORM 1 & 2: Are your own wishes for medical treatment in these kinds of circumstances written down somewhere, or not? (Q35)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, written down (includes living will)69335.1
2) No, not written down126564
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)191
Missing2012 
TOTAL1977100.0
65) FORM 1 & 2: Have you had a discussion with someone about your own wishes for medical treatment in these kinds of circumstances, or haven't you done this? (Q36)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, discussed with someone122962.2
2) No, with no one73137
9) Don't now/Refused (VOL.)16.8
Missing2012 
TOTAL1976100.0
66) FORM 1 & 2: Have you had any personal experience in the last five years with a relative or close friend suffering from a terminal illness or in a coma? (Q37)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92746.9
2) No104252.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)6.3
Missing2012 
TOTAL1975100.0
67) IF YES (1 IN Q.37) How recently did this happen? Within the past 12 months, within the past two years, or before that? (Q38)
TOTAL%
1) Within past 12 months30833.2
2) Within past 2 years22324.1
3) Before that38541.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)111.2
Missing3058 
TOTAL927100.0
68) IF YES (1 IN Q37) Did the issue of withholding life-sustaining treatment come up, or not? (Q39)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, came up46450.1
2) No42746.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)363.9
Missing3058 
TOTAL927100.0
69) FORM 3 & 4: Currently, the average life expectancy in the U.S. is about 80 years old. Some people think new medical treatments will slow the aging process and will, for the first time, allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old. How much, if anything, have you read or heard about this? (Q42)
TOTAL%
1) A lot1417.3
2) A little74438.4
3) Nothing at all104754.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)5.3
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
70) FORM 3 & 4: If new medical treatments slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you think that would be a good thing or a bad thing for society? (Q43)
TOTAL%
1) A good thing80241.4
2) A bad thing99751.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1387.1
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
71) FORM 3 & 4: Do you think that you, personally, would want these medical treatments, or wouldn't you want them? (Q45)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would want73738
2) No, wouldn't want108055.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1206.2
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
72) FORM 3 & 4: Do you think MOST people would want these medical treatments, or not? (Q46)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, MOST would want130967.6
2) No, MOST wouldn't want52527.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1035.3
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
73) FORM 3 & 4: Still thinking about new medical treatments that slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you agree or disagree that… [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE]? These treatments would be fundamentally unnatural. (Q47B)
TOTAL%
1) Agree112758.2
2) Disagree71637
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)944.9
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
74) FORM 3 & 4: Still thinking about new medical treatments that slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you agree or disagree that… [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE]? Our economy would be more productive because people could work longer. (Q47C)
TOTAL%
1) Agree86044.4
2) Disagree102953.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)482.5
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
75) FORM 3 & 4: Still thinking about new medical treatments that slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you agree or disagree that… [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE]? Only wealthy people would have access to these treatments. (Q47D)
TOTAL%
1) Agree127265.7
2) Disagree63632.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)291.5
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
76) FORM 3 & 4: Still thinking about new medical treatments that slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you agree or disagree that… [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE]? Longer life expectancies would strain our natural resources. (Q47E)
TOTAL%
1) Agree128466.3
2) Disagree60031
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)532.7
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
77) FORM 3 & 4: Still thinking about new medical treatments that slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you agree or disagree that… [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE]? Medical scientists would offer the treatment before they fully understood how it affects people's health (Q47F)
TOTAL%
1) Agree127165.7
2) Disagree61731.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)482.5
Missing1994 
TOTAL1936100.0
78) FORM 3 & 4: Still thinking about new medical treatments that slow the aging process and allow the average person to live decades longer, to at least 120 years old, do you agree or disagree that… [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE]? Everyone should be able to get these treatments if they want them. (Q47H)
TOTAL%
1) Agree153879.4
2) Disagree36318.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)361.9
Missing1994 
TOTAL1937100.0
79) FORM 1 and 3: Next, a few different issues. Which comes closer to your view? (Q54)
TOTAL%
1) Humans and other living things have evolved over time [OR]114959.5
2) Humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time64133.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1417.3
Missing2023 
TOTAL1931100.0
80) IF EVOLVED (1 in Q54), And do you think that…? (Q55)
TOTAL%
1) Humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection [OR]61153.1
2) A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today45739.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)827.1
Missing2821 
TOTAL1150100.0
81) FORM 2 and 4: Next, a few different issues. Which comes closer to your view? (Q56)
TOTAL%
1) Animals and other living things have evolved over time [OR]124963
2) Animals and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time63231.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1015.1
Missing1983 
TOTAL1982100.0
82) IF EVOLVED (1 in Q56), And do you think that…? (Q57)
TOTAL%
1) Animals and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection [OR]68454.8
2) A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating animals and other life in the form it exists today47037.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)947.5
Missing2701 
TOTAL1248100.0
83) Do you personally believe that [INSERT ITEM AND RANDOMIZE] is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? Having an abortion (Q58A)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable59515.2
2) Morally wrong193449.4
3) Not a moral issue88722.7
4) Depends on situation (VOL.)3398.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1574
TOTAL3912100.0
84) Do you personally believe that [INSERT ITEM AND RANDOMIZE] is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? Medical research that uses embryonic stem cells (Q58B)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable124431.8
2) Morally wrong85221.8
3) Not a moral issue139335.6
4) Depends on situation (VOL.)832.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)3418.7
TOTAL3913100.0
85) Do you personally believe that [INSERT ITEM AND RANDOMIZE] is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? Medical research that uses stem cells from sources that do NOT involve human embryos (Q58C)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable130233.3
2) Morally wrong64316.4
3) Not a moral issue165042.2
4) Depends on situation (VOL.)32.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)2857.3
TOTAL3912100.0
86) Do you personally believe that [INSERT ITEM AND RANDOMIZE ORDER] is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? Using in vitro fertilization (Q58D)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable127332.5
2) Morally wrong46511.9
3) Not a moral issue178945.7
4) Depends on situation (VOL.)491.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)3368.6
TOTAL3912100.0
87) Thinking now about your religion… What is your present religion, if any? Are you Protestant, Roman Catholic, Mormon, Orthodox such as Greek or Russian Orthodox, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, atheist, agnostic, something else, or nothing in particular? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, Non-denominational, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Episcopalian, Reformed, Church of Christ, Jehovah's Witness, etc.)141136.1
2) Roman Catholic (Catholic)85721.9
3) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/LDS)691.8
4) Orthodox (Greek, Russian, or some other orthodox church)20.5
5) Jewish (Judaism)421.1
6) Muslim (Islam)32.8
7) Buddhist19.5
8) Hindu24.6
9) Atheist (do not believe in God)1152.9
10) Agnostic (not sure if there is a God)1313.3
11) Something else812.1
12) Nothing in particular59115.1
13) Christian (VOL.)43111
14) Unitarian (Universalist) (VOL.)12.3
99) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)772
TOTAL3912100.0
88) IF SOMETHING ELSE, NOTHING IN PARTICULAR OR DK/REF (RELIG = 11, 12, 99), Do you think of yourself as a Christian or not? (CHR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40153.5
2) No31942.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)293.9
Missing3358 
TOTAL749100.0
89) IF CHRISTIAN (RELIG=1-4, 13 OR CHR=1), Would you describe yourself as a 'born-again' or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would148646.6
2) No, would not157549.4
8) Undesignated3.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1253.9
Missing744 
TOTAL3189100.0
90) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services... more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week55614.2
2) Once a week90623.2
3) Once or twice a month58515
4) A few times a year68817.6
5) Seldom62916.1
6) Never50713
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)401
TOTAL3911100.0
91) How important is religion in your life - very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (RQ5)
TOTAL%
1) Very important219456.1
2) Somewhat important90323.1
3) Not too important40210.3
4) Not at all important3769.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)37.9
TOTAL3912100.0
92) People practice their religion in different ways. Outside of attending religious services, do you pray (RQ6)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day138835.5
2) Once a day75519.3
3) A few times a week50512.9
4) Once a week1353.4
5) A few times a month2576.6
6) Seldom44711.4
7) Or never?3699.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)581.5
TOTAL3914100.0
93) Do you believe in God or a universal spirit, or not? (RQ7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes352390
2) No3107.9
3) Other (VOL.)5.1
9) Don't know/refused (VOL.)751.9
TOTAL3913100.0
94) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE], or not? In life after death (RQ9A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe in272569.6
2) No, don't believe93723.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)2516.4
TOTAL3913100.0
95) FORMS 1 & 3: Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE], or not? In heaven, where people who have led god lives are eternally rewarded (RQ9BF13)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe in142273.6
2) No, don't believe42221.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)874.5
Missing2023 
TOTAL1931100.0
96) FORMS 2 & 4: Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE], or not? In heaven (RQ9CF24)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe in159380.4
2) No, don't believe32916.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)593
Missing1983 
TOTAL1981100.0
97) FORMS 1 & 3: Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE], or not? In hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished? (RQ9DF13)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe in108556.2
2) No, don't believe73338
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1135.9
Missing2023 
TOTAL1931100.0
98) FORMS 2 & 4: Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe [INSERT ITEM; RANDOMIZE], or not? In hell (RQ9EF24)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe in133267.2
2) No, don't believe58629.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)633.2
Missing1983 
TOTAL1981100.0
99) Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (RQ10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor71118.2
2) Favor144937
3) Oppose103626.5
4) Strongly oppose40310.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)3148
TOTAL3913100.0
100) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male189248.4
2) Female202151.6
TOTAL3913100.0
101) What is your age? (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 18772
19) 19711.8
20) 20711.8
21) 21822.1
22) 22561.4
23) 23932.4
24) 24511.3
25) 25802
26) 26691.8
27) 27581.5
28) 28581.5
29) 29661.7
30) 30832.1
31) 31511.3
32) 32531.4
33) 33782
34) 34561.4
35) 35802
36) 36561.4
37) 37541.4
38) 38671.7
39) 39501.3
40) 40942.4
41) 41581.5
42) 42641.6
43) 43721.8
44) 44551.4
45) 45761.9
46) 46461.2
47) 47651.7
48) 48721.8
49) 49621.6
50) 50962.5
51) 51561.4
52) 52902.3
53) 53852.2
54) 54932.4
55) 55912.3
56) 56561.4
57) 57651.7
58) 58822.1
59) 59591.5
60) 60842.1
61) 61481.2
62) 62491.3
63) 63521.3
64) 64601.5
65) 65561.4
66) 66381
67) 67381
68) 68401
69) 6929.7
70) 70701.8
71) 7130.8
72) 7236.9
73) 7331.8
74) 7429.7
75) 7529.7
76) 7620.5
77) 7726.7
78) 7823.6
79) 7918.5
80) 80391
81) 8117.4
82) 8214.4
83) 8317.4
84) 8418.5
85) 8513.3
86) 8612.3
87) 873.1
88) 8810.3
89) 892.1
90) 90 years or older18.5
99) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)481.2
TOTAL3914100.0
102) What is the highest level of school you have completed or the highest degree you have received? (EDUC2)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school (Grades 1-8 or no formal schooling)1704.3
2) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11 or Grade 12 with NO diploma)2285.8
3) High school graduate (Grade 12 with diploma or GED certificate)122631.3
4) Some college, no degree (includes community college)77619.8
5) Two year associate degree from a college or university43211
6) Four year college or university degree/Bachelor's degree (e.g., BS, BA, AB)59815.3
7) Some postgraduate or professional schooling, no postgraduate degree (e.g., some graduate school)561.4
8) Postgraduate or professional degree, including master's, doctorate, medical or law degree (e.g., MA, MS, PhD, MD, JD, graduate school)40010.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)28.7
TOTAL3914100.0
103) Race/Ethnicity (RACETHN)
TOTAL%
1) White, non-Hisp255765.4
2) Black, non-Hisp45711.7
3) Hispanic56014.3
4) Other2777.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)611.6
TOTAL3912100.0
104) IF HISPANIC: Were you born in the United States, on the island of Puerto Rico, or in another country? (BRTHHISP)
TOTAL%
1) U.S.25746
2) Puerto Rico183.2
3) Another country28450.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)00
Missing3391 
TOTAL559100.0
105) IF NOT HISPANIC: Were you born in the United States or in another country? (USBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, born in U.S.312993.3
2) No, some other country2216.6
3) Puerto Rico (VOL.)00
4) Other U.S. Territories (includes Guam, Samoa, U.S. Virgin Islands) (VOL.)2.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10
Missing615 
TOTAL3353100.0
106) Are you currently married, living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married190748.7
2) Living with a partner3659.3
3) Divorced41310.6
4) Separated1052.7
5) Widowed2486.3
6) Never been married85721.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)17.4
TOTAL3912100.0
107) Last year, that is in 2012, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,0003789.7
2) 10 to under $20,00048412.4
3) 20 to under $30,00041010.5
4) 30 to under $40,0003408.7
5) 40 to under $50,0002987.6
6) 50 to under $75,00048712.5
7) 75 to under $100,00041910.7
8) 100 to under $150,000 [OR]3639.3
9) $150,000 or more2556.5
10) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)47712.2
TOTAL3911100.0
108) In politics TODAY, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or independent? (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican95824.5
2) Democrat124131.7
3) Independent135934.7
4) No preference (VOL.)1904.9
5) Other party (VOL.)29.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1373.5
TOTAL3914100.0
109) IF INDEP/NO PREF/OTHER/DK/REF: As of today do you lean more to the Republican Party or more to the Democratic Party? (PARTYLN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican49628.9
2) Democrat55632.4
9) Other/Don't know/Refused (VOL.)66338.7
Missing2404 
TOTAL1715100.0
110) In general, would you describe your political views as... (IDEO)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative2416.2
2) Conservative126032.2
3) Moderate125132
4) Liberal [OR]66016.9
5) Very liberal2436.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)2596.6
TOTAL3914100.0
111) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time171243.8
2) Part-time56914.5
3) Not employed159240.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)391
TOTAL3912100.0
112) IF FULL OR PART-TIME: Do you work as a health care provider, or not? (HLTHWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28512.5
2) No199187.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)6.3
Missing1773 
TOTAL2282100.0
113) How many people, including yourself, live in your household? (HH1REC)
TOTAL%
1) One65316.7
2) Two129233
3) Three72318.5
4) Four62816
5) Five3238.3
6) Six or more2285.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)671.7
TOTAL3914100.0
114) IF MORE THAN ONE PERSON IN HH (HH1 greater than 1): How many, including yourself, are adults, age 18 and older? (HH3REC)
TOTAL%
1) One1805.5
2) Two195159.8
3) Three69321.3
4) Four2838.7
5) Five682.1
6) Six or more411.3
9) Don't know/Refused441.3
Missing869 
TOTAL3260100.0
115) How many children have you ever had? Please count all your biological children who were born alive at any time in your life. (FERTREC)
TOTAL%
0) None116029.6
1) One57414.7
2) Two96924.8
3) Three61215.6
4) Four2636.7
5) Five1533.9
6) Six or more1564
9) Don't know/Refused28.7
TOTAL3915100.0
116) LANDLINE SAMPLE: Now thinking about your telephone use… Do you have a working cell phone? (QL1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have cell phone126974.1
2) No, do not43225.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)12.7
Missing2004 
TOTAL1713100.0
117) IF NO CELL PHONE AND MULTI-PERSON HOUSEHOLD (L1=2,9 AND HH1 greater than 1): Does anyone in your household have a working cell phone? (QL1A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, someone in household has cell phone16148.2
2) No16047.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)133.9
Missing3764 
TOTAL334100.0
118) CELL PHONE SAMPLE: Now thinking about your telephone use… Is there at least one telephone INSIDE your home that is currently working and is not a cell phone? (QC1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes home telephone78535.7
2) No, home telephone140864
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)6.3
Missing2002 
TOTAL2199100.0
119) IF DUAL AND SINGLE-PERSON HOUSEHOLD ((L1=1 OR C1=1) AND HH1=1): Of all the telephone calls that you receive, do you get…? (LC2)
TOTAL%
1) All or almost all calls on a cell phone5122
2) Some on a cell phone and some on a regular home phone7632.8
3) All or almost all calls on a regular home phone10545.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)00
Missing3513 
TOTAL232100.0
120) IF DUAL AND MULTI-PERSON HOUSEHOLD ((L1=1 OR L1a=1 OR C1=1) AND HH11): Now thinking about all the people in your household, including yourself, of all the telephone calls that your household receives, are…? (LC3)
TOTAL%
1) All or almost all calls on a cell phone66133.3
2) Some on a cell phone and some on a regular home phone91846.3
3) All or almost all calls on a regular home phone40020.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)5.3
Missing1826 
TOTAL1984100.0
121) What is your age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2983221.5
2) 30-49129233.4
3) 50-64106527.6
4) 65-7951313.3
5) 80 or more1624.2
Missing63 
TOTAL3864100.0
122) Census region (based on self-reported zipcode, or sample geographic information if zipcode not provided/matched) (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast71618.3
2) Midwest84321.5
3) South145737.2
4) West89722.9
TOTAL3913100.0
123) What is the highest level of school you have completed or the highest degree you have received? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school (Grades 1-8 or no formal schooling) or high school incomplete39810.2
2) High school graduate (Grade 12 with diploma or GED certificate)122631.6
3) Some college, no degree (includes community college) or two year associate degree from a college or university120831.1
4) Four year college or university degree/Bachelor's degree (e.g., BS, BA, AB)59815.4
5) Some postgraduate or professional schooling, no postgraduate degree or Postgraduate or professional degree, including master's, doctorate, medical or law degree45511.7
Missing22 
TOTAL3885100.0
124) Are you currently married, living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married190749
2) Living with a partner3659.4
3) Divorced41310.6
4) Separated1052.7
5) Widowed2486.4
6) Never been married85722
Missing16 
TOTAL3895100.0
125) Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male189248.4
2) Female202151.6
TOTAL3913100.0
126) Race/Ethnicity (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White, non-Hisp255766.4
2) Black, non-Hisp45711.9
3) Hispanic56014.5
4) Other2777.2
Missing61 
TOTAL3851100.0