Evangelization and Outreach in U.S. Orthodox Parishes

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Other > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Designation of a parish for the study: 'Exemplary in Evangelization and Outreach' or 'Normal Parish' (VAR001) (VAR0001)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent3648.0
2) Normal3952.0
TOTAL75100.0
2) In what state is your parish located. Please select the state from the drop-down menu. (q002) (Q0002)
TOTAL%
1) AK22.7
5) CA1013.3
6) CO34.0
7) CT11.3
10) FL34.0
11) GA22.7
14) IL56.7
15) IN22.7
19) LA22.7
21) MD22.7
22) MA56.7
23) MI11.3
24) MN11.3
27) MT22.7
28) NE11.3
29) NV11.3
31) NJ45.3
33) NY45.3
36) OH34.0
38) OR22.7
39) PA1013.3
40) RI11.3
41) SC11.3
43) TN11.3
44) TX11.3
47) VA22.7
49) WV11.3
50) WI22.7
TOTAL75100.0
3) In which Orthodox jurisdiction is your parish? Please select the church jurisdiction from the drop-down menu. (q003) (Q0003)
TOTAL%
1) Antiochian Archdiocese1114.7
2) Carpatho-Russian Diocese1013.3
3) Greek Orthodox Archdiocese1216.0
4) Orthodox Church in America1216.0
5) Romanian Archdiocese1013.3
7) Serbian Orthodox Church1013.3
8) Ukrainian Orthodox Church1013.3
TOTAL75100.0
4) Which of the following best describes your religious upbringing? (Q0004)
TOTAL%
0) Any other answer? Please describe:11.3
1) I was raised and have always been active in the Orthodox Church.4053.3
2) I was raised in the Orthodox Church, but was inactive in the Church for a period of time.34.0
3) I was raised in a non-Orthodox religious tradition and became Orthodox later in life.2938.7
4) I grew up in a non-religious family and joined the Orthodox Church at a later stage in life.22.7
TOTAL75100.0
5) Any other answer? Please describe: (q0004_other) (Q0004_O)
6) While you were growing up, was the Church, either Orthodox or non-Orthodox, an important part of your family's life? (Q0005)
TOTAL%
1) My family (or, at least, one parent) was active in the Church and it was an important part of our family's life when I was a child.6181.3
2) My family (or, at least, one parent) attended church regularly, but I wouldn't say that it was truly an important part of our family's life.68.0
3) My family (or, at least, one parent) attended church, but only occasionally.56.7
4) My family was not interested in church and it had very little (if at all) role in my life when I was a child.34.0
TOTAL75100.0
7) Would you like to add anything about your religious life when growing up? (q0005_other) (Q0005_O)
8) How did you decide to become a priest: what was the most important motivation (or, perhaps, combination of circumstances) that brought you to the priestly vocation? (Q0006)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
9) Between the time you were ordained an Orthodox priest and now, has your understanding of your role as a pastor and leader of a parish changed? (Q007)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, it has changed significantly.2330.7
2) It has changed somewhat.2938.7
3) No, it has remained more or less the same.2330.7
TOTAL75100.0
10) If your understanding of your role as a pastor and leader of a parish has changed (answer #1 or #2), please say a few words about how it has changed: (q0007_other) (Q0007_O)
11) Evaluate the general religious environment of the community where your parish is located. Do this on five point scale: from being 'very secular/no religion at all' to being 'very religious/a lot of religious activities.' (q0008_0001) (Q0008_1)
TOTAL%
2) Rather secular/Little religious activities.1114.7
3) Neither 'secular' nor 'religious.'1722.7
4) Rather religious/quite a bit of religious activities.3952.0
5) Very religious/A lot of religious activities.810.7
TOTAL75100.0
12) Do you have any additional comments about the general religious situation in the community where your parish is located? (q0008_other) (Q0008_O)
13) Say a few words about your parish's surrounding neighborhood from demographic and economic points of view. Are you in a residential suburb, downtown area, small town or rural area? Are you in an expensive and 'trendy' place? Are you in an economically growing or rather depressed area? Racially mixed or mostly Caucasian? Are there any demographic groups that dominate among the local residents: e.g. blue or white collar workers, students, families with children, senior citizens, etc.? (Q0009)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
14) Approximately, how many persons are involved in any way in the life of your parish? Include in this the number of adults and children, regular and occasional attendees, and paid and unpaid stewards. The total number is about: (Q0010)
TOTAL%
20) 11.3
24) 11.3
35) 11.3
40) 11.3
45) 22.7
50) 11.3
55) 11.3
60) 34.0
70) 11.3
75) 45.3
80) 34.0
85) 11.3
90) 11.3
99) 11.3
100) 68.0
115) 11.3
120) 22.7
125) 11.3
130) 22.7
140) 11.3
150) 11.3
160) 11.3
165) 11.3
175) 11.3
180) 11.3
190) 11.3
200) 56.7
250) 810.7
265) 11.3
275) 11.3
300) 11.3
350) 11.3
400) 45.3
450) 11.3
500) 56.7
669) 11.3
700) 11.3
800) 11.3
1000) 11.3
1200) 22.7
2500) 11.3
TOTAL75100.0
15) How many persons (including children) regularly participate in the life of your parish? About: (Q0011)
TOTAL%
10) 11.4
14) 11.4
25) 11.4
30) 68.1
35) 34.1
42) 11.4
45) 22.7
50) 68.1
55) 11.4
60) 34.1
70) 45.4
75) 34.1
80) 22.7
84) 11.4
85) 11.4
90) 34.1
95) 11.4
100) 68.1
118) 11.4
120) 11.4
125) 34.1
150) 79.5
175) 11.4
185) 11.4
200) 22.7
250) 11.4
300) 56.8
325) 11.4
350) 22.7
400) 11.4
750) 11.4
1500) 11.4
Missing1 
TOTAL74100.0
16) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: college/university degree. (q0012_0001) (Q0012_1)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%68.0
2) Some: 21-40%1520.0
3) About half: 41-60%1925.3
4) Many: 61-80%2128.0
5) Majority: 81-100%1418.7
TOTAL75100.0
17) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: converts to Orthodoxy. (q0012_0002) (Q0012_2)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%2739.1
2) Some: 21-40%1623.2
3) About half: 41-60%1318.8
4) Many: 61-80%811.6
5) Majority: 81-100%57.2
Missing6 
TOTAL69100.0
18) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: immigrants, i.e. persons born outside of the United States.(q0012_0003) (Q0012_3)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%4357.3
2) Some: 21-40%1418.7
3) About half: 41-60%56.7
4) Many: 61-80%56.7
5) Majority: 81-100%810.7
TOTAL75100.0
19) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: new to this parish in the past 3 years. (q0012_0004) (Q0012_4)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%4357.3
2) Some: 21-40%2432.0
3) About half: 41-60%56.7
4) Many: 61-80%34.0
TOTAL75100.0
20) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: live within 30 minutes of your parish's church building.(q0012_0005) (Q0012_5)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%79.5
2) Some: 21-40%912.2
3) About half: 41-60%1317.6
4) Many: 61-80%2432.4
5) Majority: 81-100%2128.4
Missing1 
TOTAL74100.0
21) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: senior citizens (65+) (q0012_0006) (Q0012_6)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%3040.0
2) Some: 21-40%2330.7
3) About half: 41-60%912.0
4) Many: 61-80%1216.0
5) Majority: 81-100%11.3
TOTAL75100.0
22) Of all regularly participating adults in your parish, estimate the percentage in the following categories: families with children at home. (q0012_0007) (Q0012_7)
TOTAL%
1) Few: 0-20%1216.2
2) Some: 21-40%2229.7
3) About half: 41-60%2027.0
4) Many: 61-80%1925.7
5) Majority: 81-100%11.4
Missing1 
TOTAL74100.0
23) Is there anything else special or unique about the membership of your parish? (q0012_other) (Q0012_O)
24) Besides attending liturgical services, would you say that the dominant majority of your parishioners are actively involved in all other aspects of the life of your parish? Or is it rather a core group of parishioners that does everything, whereas most members participate only passively? (q0013_0001) (Q0013_1)
TOTAL%
1) A relatively small core group does everything3344.0
2) About half of parishioners are actively involved3648.0
3) Dominant majority of parishioners are actively involved68.0
TOTAL75100.0
25) Any additional comment that you may like to make: (q0013_other) (Q0013_O)
26) If the majority of parishioners are actively involved in the life of your parish, how have you achieved this? Is there any formal system in place that encourages everyone to attend regularly and participate actively? (Q0014)
27) Are you the first ('founding') priest to serve this parish? (Q0015)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1216.0
2) No6384.0
TOTAL75100.0
28) How long (how many years) have you served this parish? (Q0016)
TOTAL%
1) 34.1
2) 56.8
2.5) 11.4
3) 34.1
4) 34.1
5) 68.2
6) 45.5
7) 11.4
8) 22.7
9) 22.7
10) 56.8
11) 45.5
12) 22.7
13) 79.6
14) 22.7
15) 34.1
16) 11.4
17) 34.1
18) 45.5
19) 22.7
21) 11.4
25) 22.7
28) 11.4
29) 45.5
32) 11.4
38) 11.4
Missing2 
TOTAL73100.0
29) Have there been any significant changes in membership while you have been with this parish (either in numbers or in the socio-demographic composition of parishioners)? Please describe or give some examples. (Q0017)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL74
30) Have there been any changes in parish governance while you have been with this parish (e.g. system of decision making, organization of administration, system of financial contribution by parishioners)? Please describe or give some examples. (Q0018)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL72
31) Have there been any significant changes in parish's programs and ministries while you have been with this parish (some new ministries developed, some old programs/activities 'died out')? Please describe or give some examples. (Q0019)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
32) Given the fact that Orthodox Christians are a small religious minority in America, what are the best ways for our Church to bear witness to our Faith in 21st century America? Can you provide some examples of how it is done in your parish? (Q0020)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
33) Besides liturgical services, what are three ministries/programs/activities that are most fundamental and essential for your parish? (q0021_0001) (Q0021_1)
34) Besides liturgical services, what are three ministries/programs/activities that are most fundamental and essential for your parish? (q0021_0002) (Q0021_2)
35) Besides liturgical services, what are three ministries/programs/activities that are most fundamental and essential for your parish? (q0021_0003) (Q0021_3)
36) If you were asked to name one particular area of your parish life where your parish can set an example for other Orthodox parishes, what would that be? Say: 'We pay a lot of attention to and are really good at...:' (Q0022)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
37) What are the most remarkable and/or distinctive characteristics of governance and decision making in your parish? (Q0023)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71
38) What are the most remarkable and/or distinctive characteristics of your parish's religious education programs: e.g. how many people are involved, how the process is organized, what are the curricula, who teaches the classes, etc.? (Q0024)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL72
39) Which model best describes your parish's system of financial contributions by parishioners? (Q0025)
TOTAL%
0) Any other model. Please, describe your parish's model of financial contributions by parishioners:45.3
1) Membership dues: a fixed sum paid annually by a family or an individual to be considered a member1824.0
2) Stewardship/Pledging: members make an annual advance commitment to give a certain amount to the parish3344.0
3) 'Adjustable' tithe: parishioners donate a certain percentage of their income to the parish1114.7
4) Tithe: parishioners (or most of them) donate 10% of their in income to the parish22.7
5) 'Free will' offerings79.3
TOTAL75100.0
40) Any other model. Please, describe your parish's model of financial contributions by parishioners: (q0025_other) (Q0025_O)
41) Would you say that your parish is well known in the local community and surrounding neighborhood? If yes, why or for what reason? (Q0026)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
42) Have you made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community? (q0027_0001) (Q0027_1)
TOTAL%
1) No or little effort68.0
2) Some effort3648.0
3) Yes, considerable effort3344.0
TOTAL75100.0
43) Any additional comment that you may like to make: (q0027_other) (Q0027_O)
44) If you have made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community, what were the most important 'strategies and tools' that you employed? Please check all that apply: (q0028_0001) (Q0028_1)
TOTAL%
1) Active usage of various social media: e.g. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, etc.44100.0
Missing31 
TOTAL44100.0
45) If you have made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community, what were the most important 'strategies and tools' that you employed? Please check all that apply: (Q0028_2)
TOTAL%
1) Frequent appearances in the local news media: e.g. television, radio, community bulletin boards.20100.0
Missing55 
TOTAL20100.0
46) If you have made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community, what were the most important 'strategies and tools' that you employed? Please check all that apply: (q0028_0003) (Q0028_3)
TOTAL%
1) Parish festivals38100.0
Missing37 
TOTAL38100.0
47) If you have made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community, what were the most important 'strategies and tools' that you employed? Please check all that apply: (q0028_0004) (Q0028_4)
TOTAL%
1) Sponsorship and participation in local events: e.g. farmer's markets, walks for charities, etc.28100.0
Missing47 
TOTAL28100.0
48) If you have made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community, what were the most important 'strategies and tools' that you employed? Please check all that apply: (q0028_0005) (Q0028_5)
TOTAL%
1) Providing social services for local community: e.g. soup kitchen, homeless shelter, offering parish facilities for usage to other groups.43100.0
Missing32 
TOTAL43100.0
49) If you have made a conscious effort to make your parish better known in the local community, what were the most important 'strategies and tools' that you employed? Please check all that apply: (q0028_0006) (Q0028_6)
TOTAL%
1) Engaging in social justice work in the community.19100.0
Missing56 
TOTAL19100.0
50) Any other strategies that are being used to make your parish better known in the local community: (q0028_other) (Q0028_O)
51) Would you say that your parish is truly 'outreach oriented'? (q0029_0001) (Q0029_1)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely no45.3
2) Rather no2229.3
3) Not sure1013.3
4) Rather yes2837.3
5) Definitely yes1114.7
TOTAL75100.0
52) If 'yes,' what makes your parish truly outreach-oriented? Any particular ministries, activities, 'ways of doing things?' Please describe: (q0029_other) (Q0029_O)
53) Are your parish's outreach efforts carried out by a designated group of dedicated members or is it rather the way that the entire parish community lives and sees itself? (Q0030)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
54) In your opinion, is it important for an Orthodox parish to work cooperatively and develop relationships with other (non-Orthodox) religious congregations located in the same community? (q0031_0001) (Q0031_1)
TOTAL%
1) I would definitely stay away from this11.4
2) I would rather stay away from this56.8
3) Not sure1114.9
4) Desirable, but not important3040.5
5) Very important2736.5
Missing1 
TOTAL74100.0
55) Would you like to add any comment (to question 31)? (q0031_other) (Q0031_O)
56) If you think that it is important for an Orthodox parish to develop cooperation and fellowship with the non-Orthodox congregations, give us a few examples of what your parish does together with other Christian churches: (Q0032)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL53
57) Would you say that your parish can be called a truly loving Christian community? If yes, why? Can you give some examples from the real life? (Q0033)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL72
58) Would you say that your parish is a very welcoming place for inquirers about Orthodox Faith and first time visitors? (q0034_0001) (Q0034_1)
TOTAL%
2) Rather no22.7
3) Not sure79.3
4) Rather yes2229.3
5) Definitely yes4458.7
TOTAL75100.0
59) Would you like to add any comment? (q0034_other) (Q0034_O)
60) If you answered 'yes' to the previous question, do you have a designated group of people and an established process that assures that inquirers about the Orthodox Faith and first time visitors feel welcomed in your parish? Please describe: (Q0035)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68
61) Some people believe that it is important for a parish to actively look for new members, while some think that it is sufficient to simply be a welcoming community that accepts and integrates people who somehow found their way to the parish. What is your opinion on this question? If you believe that it is important to actively search for new members, how do you do this in your church? (Q0036)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
62) In a nutshell, tell us: What is most 'special' about your parish that would distinguish it from the other parishes in your diocese or jurisdiction? (Q0037)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
63) Based on your experience of building parish community, could you give any advice to other parishes in your jurisdiction as to what they should pay more attention to? If you think that many parishes tend to make the same mistakes over and over again, what are those mistakes? (Q0038)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68
64) Different people (clergy and laity alike) have different understandings of what 'evangelization' means. Can you offer your definition of what 'good evangelization' means? Perhaps, you can even provide some examples from the life of your parish? (Q0039)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL75
65) In your opinion, how could the bishops better help to support and encourage evangelization work in their parishes? (Q0040)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL69
66) Percentage of the actively involved members in the total of adherents. (PercentOfActivelyInvolvedMembers) (PRCTINV)
TOTAL%
6.25) 11.4
7) 11.4
23.3333333333333) 11.4
25) 11.4
30) 34.1
35) 11.4
36.3636363636364) 11.4
37.5) 22.7
40) 56.8
42.4242424242424) 11.4
42.8571428571429) 11.4
47.3684210526316) 11.4
50) 45.4
52.3168908819133) 11.4
55) 11.4
55.5555555555556) 11.4
57.1428571428571) 11.4
58.3333333333333) 34.1
58.8235294117647) 11.4
60) 1013.5
60.6060606060606) 11.4
62.5) 56.8
65.2173913043478) 11.4
65.3846153846154) 11.4
66.6666666666667) 45.4
69.811320754717) 11.4
70) 22.7
71.4285714285714) 22.7
73.0769230769231) 11.4
75) 68.1
77.7777777777778) 11.4
80) 22.7
81.25) 11.4
85.7142857142857) 11.4
90) 11.4
93.3333333333333) 11.4
98.3333333333333) 11.4
100) 11.4
Missing1 
TOTAL74100.0
67) Are you a cradle Orthodox or a convert to Orthodoxy?(CrdlOrthOrConverts) (CRDLORT)
TOTAL%
1) Cradle Orthodox4358.1
2) Convert to Orthodoxy3141.9
Missing1 
TOTAL74100.0
68) What is the approximate percentage of converts to Orthodoxy among parishioners?(PrctConvertsInParish) (PRCTCON)
TOTAL%
1) Minority: 0-40%4362.3
2) About half: 40-60%1318.8
3) Majority: 60-100%1318.8
Missing6 
TOTAL69100.0