Religion and Rule of Law

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Cross-National > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Country's Name (in all caps) (COUNTRY)
2) Country_number (COUNTRY_NUMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL236118.568
3) Three Letter Abbreviation for Country (COUNTRY_CODE)
4) Measures the voice and accountability of the country in 2004 (VOICE_ACC_2004)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL206-0.0031
5) Measures the political stability of the country in 2004 (POLIT_STAB_2004)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL206-0.0051
6) Measures the government effectiveness of the country in 2004 (GOVT_EFFECT_2004)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL208-0.0041
7) Measures the regulatory quality of the country in 2004 (REG_QUAL_2004)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL203-0.0051
8) Measures the rule of law of the country in 2004 (RULE_LAW_2004)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL207-0.0051
9) Measures the control of corruption in the country in 2002 (CONTROL_CORRUPT_2004)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL203-0.0061
10) GDP per capita in U.S. dollars circa 2001-2003 (purchasing power parity) (GDP_PER_CAPITA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2269532.429949
11) Natural log of GDP per capita in U.S. dollars circa 2001-2003 (purchasing power parity) (LOGGDP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2268.5541
12) GDP per capita in thousands of U.S. dollars circa 2001-2003 (purchasing power parity) (GDP_THOUSANDS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2269.53210
13) Sum of percentages of country's land composed of arable land and permanent crops (CROPLAND_PCT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL23017.70816
14) Equal to the nearest degree of latitude of the country's geographical center (LATITUDE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL23425.21417
15) Lat_North (LAT_NORTH)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise5423.1
1) If the geographical center of the country is in the northern latitudes18076.9
Missing2 
TOTAL234100.0
16) Landlocked (LANDLOCKED)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19582.6
1) If the country is landlocked4117.4
TOTAL236100.0
17) Total population of the country in 2004 divided by total land area of the country in square kilometers (POP_DENSITY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL231375.1061705
18) Median age of the total population of the country in 2004 (MEDIAN_AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22027.0668
19) Life expectancy at birth for the total population of the country in 2004 (LIFE_EXPECTANCY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22167.15412
20) Literacy rate of the total adult population in the country in 2004 (Note: In most countries, the measure is for population age 15 and over. In a small number of countries, the minimum age of the included population differs from 15) (LITERACY_RATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL21482.99620
21) Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP in 2003 or closest available year (MILITARY_PCT_GDP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1682.7373
22) Percentage of years from 1901 to 1990 that a country had a negative Polity Index score in the Polity IV database. A negative score indicates a Democracy score less than the Autocracy score. For countries that are not in the Polity IV data base for all years 1901 to 1990, the variable is the percentage of years with a negative score for only those years in the Polity IV database. Germany was coded based upon both East and West Germany from 1946 to 1990, weighting the number of negative score years by the population of each nation in 1970 according to Barrett et al. (2001). A negative score for West Germany was treated as 0.78063 years and a negative score for East Germany was coded as 0.21937 year (POLITY4_NEG_YRS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL16465.66538
23) Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise11247.5
1) If the country had an official state religion in 190012452.5
TOTAL236100.0
24) Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE1970)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise15164.0
1) If the country had an official state religion in 19708536.0
TOTAL236100.0
25) BKJ_State1990 Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE1990)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise15465.5
1) If the country had an official state religion in 19908134.5
Missing1 
TOTAL235100.0
26) BKJ_State2000 Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise14863.0
1) If the country had an official state religion in 20008737.0
Missing1 
TOTAL235100.0
27) Indicating the largest religious group in the country in 2000 (LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined)5824.6
2) Catholicism8033.9
4) Orthodox Christianity145.9
5) Islam5222.0
6) African Ethnoreligion73.0
7) Buddhism83.4
8) Hinduism52.1
9) Judaism10.4
10) Nonreligious41.7
11) Other Religion10.4
14) Asian Ethnoreligion10.4
15) Chinese Folk Religion52.1
TOTAL236100.0
28) Prot_LRG1_2000 (PROT_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise17875.4
1) If Protestantism is the largest religious group in the country in 20005824.6
TOTAL236100.0
29) Cath_LRG1_2000 (CATH_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise15666.1
1) If Catholicism is the largest religious group in the country in 20008033.9
TOTAL236100.0
30) Orth_LRG1_2000 (ORTH_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22294.1
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the largest religious group in the country in 2000145.9
TOTAL236100.0
31) Islam_LRG1_2000 (ISLAM_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18478.0
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 20005222.0
TOTAL236100.0
32) African_LRG1_2000 (AFRICAN_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22997.0
1) If Country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 200073.0
TOTAL236100.0
33) Buddhism_LRG1_2000 (BUDDHISM_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22896.6
1) If Buddhism is the largest religious group in the country in 200083.4
TOTAL236100.0
34) Hindu_LRG1_2000 (HINDU_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23197.9
1) If Hinduism is the largest religious group in the country in 200052.1
TOTAL236100.0
35) Judaism_LRG1_2000 (JUDAISM_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23599.6
1) If Judaism is the largest religious group in the country in 200010.4
TOTAL236100.0
36) Nonrel_LRG1_2000 (NONREL_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If Nonreligious is the largest religious group in the country in 200041.7
TOTAL236100.0
37) Unaffiliated_LRG1_2000 (UNAFFIL_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23599.6
1) If Unaffiliated Christian is the largest group in the country in 200010.4
TOTAL236100.0
38) China_Asia_LRG1_2000 (CHINA_ASIA_LRG1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23097.5
1) If Chinese folk religion of Asian ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 200062.5
TOTAL236100.0
39) Indicating the majority (50 percent or more) religious group in the country in 2000 (MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined)4619.5
2) Catholicism7029.7
4) Orthodox Christianity93.8
5) Islam4418.6
6) African Ethnoreligion20.8
7) Buddhism62.5
8) Hinduism20.8
9) Judaism10.4
10) Nonreligious10.4
12) No Majority5322.5
15) Chinese Folk Religion20.8
TOTAL236100.0
40) Prot_MAJ1_2000 (PROT_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19080.5
1) If Protestantism is the majority religious group in the country in 20004619.5
TOTAL236100.0
41) Cath_MAJ1_2000 (CATH_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise16670.3
1) If Catholicism is the majority religious group in the country in 20007029.7
TOTAL236100.0
42) Orth_MAJ1_2000 (ORTH_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22796.2
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the majority religious group in the country in 200093.8
TOTAL236100.0
43) Islam_MAJ1_2000 (ISLAM_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19281.4
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 20004418.6
TOTAL236100.0
44) African_MAJ1_2000 (AFRICAN_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23499.2
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 200020.8
TOTAL236100.0
45) Buddhism_MAJ1_2000 (BUDDHISM_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23097.5
1) If Buddhism is the majority religious group in the country in 200062.5
TOTAL236100.0
46) Hindu_MAJ1_2000 (HINDU_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23499.2
1) If Hinduism is the majority religious group in the country in 200020.8
TOTAL236100.0
47) Judaism_MAJ1_2000 (JUDAISM_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23599.6
1) If Judaism is the majority religious group in the country in 200010.4
TOTAL236100.0
48) Nonrel_MAJ1_2000 (NONREL_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23599.6
1) If Nonreligious is the majority religious group in the country in 200010.4
TOTAL236100.0
49) Chinese_MAJ1_2000 (CHINESE_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23499.2
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 200020.8
TOTAL236100.0
50) No_MAJ1_2000 (NO_MAJ1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18377.5
1) If there is no majority religious group in the country in 20005322.5
TOTAL236100.0
51) Indicating the super-majority (80 percent or more) religious group in the country in 2000 (SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined)114.7
2) Catholicism3514.8
4) Orthodox Christian10.4
5) Islam3414.4
7) Buddhism20.8
12) No Super-Majority15364.8
TOTAL236100.0
52) Prot_Super1_2000 (PROT_SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22595.3
1) If Protestantism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000114.7
TOTAL236100.0
53) Cath_Super1_2000 (CATH_SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20185.2
1) If Catholicism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 20003514.8
TOTAL236100.0
54) Orth_Super1_2000 (ORTH_SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23599.6
1) If Orthodox Christianity is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 200010.4
TOTAL236100.0
55) Islam_Super1_2000 (ISLAM_SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20285.6
1) If Islam is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 20003414.4
TOTAL236100.0
56) Buddhism_Super1_2000 (BUDDHISM_SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23499.2
1) If Buddhism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 200020.8
TOTAL236100.0
57) No_Super1_2000 (NO_SUPER1_2000)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise8335.2
1) If there is no religious group that is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 200015364.8
TOTAL236100.0
58) Indicating the largest religious group in the country in 1900 (LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined)5322.5
2) Catholicism6125.8
4) Orthodox Christianity135.5
5) Islam4418.6
6) African Ethnoreligion3615.3
7) Buddhism83.4
8) Hinduism52.1
13) Pacific Ethnoreligion73.0
14) Asian Ethnoreligion31.3
15) Chinese Folk Religion62.5
TOTAL236100.0
59) Prot_LRG1_1900 (PROT_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18377.5
1) If Protestantism is the largest religious group in the country in 19005322.5
TOTAL236100.0
60) Cath_LRG1_1900 (CATH_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise17574.2
1) If Catholicism is the largest religious group in the country in 19006125.8
TOTAL236100.0
61) Orth_LRG1_1900 (ORTH_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22394.5
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the largest religious group in the country in 1900135.5
TOTAL236100.0
62) Islam_LRG1_1900 (ISLAM_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19281.4
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 19004418.6
TOTAL236100.0
63) African_LRG1_1900 (AFRICAN_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20084.7
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the largest religious groups in the country in 19003615.3
TOTAL236100.0
64) Buddhism_LRG1_1900 (BUDDHISM_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22896.6
1) If Buddhism is the largest religious group in the country in 190083.4
TOTAL236100.0
65) Hindu_LRG1_1900 (HINDU_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23197.9
1) If Hinduism is the largest religious group in the country in 190052.1
TOTAL236100.0
66) Pacific_LRG1_1900 (PACIFIC_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22997.0
1) If country is in Pacific and ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 190073.0
TOTAL236100.0
67) China_Asia_LRG1_1900 (CHINA_ASIA_LRG1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22796.2
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 190093.8
TOTAL236100.0
68) MAJ1_1900 Indicating the majority (50 percent or more) religious group in the country in 1900 (MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined)4820.3
2) Catholicism6025.4
4) Orthodox Christianity125.1
5) Islam4318.2
6) African Ethnoreligion3514.8
7) Buddhism83.4
8) Hinduism41.7
12) No Majority125.1
13) Pacific Island Ethnoreligion62.5
14) Asian Ethnoreligion31.3
15) Chinese Folk Religion52.1
TOTAL236100.0
69) Prot_MAJ1_1900 (PROT_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18879.7
1) If Protestantism is the majority religious group in the country in 19004820.3
TOTAL236100.0
70) Cath_MAJ1_1900 (CATH_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise17674.6
1) If Catholicism is the majority religious group in the country in 19006025.4
TOTAL236100.0
71) Orth_MAJ1_1900 (ORTH_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22494.9
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the majority religious group in the country in 1900125.1
TOTAL236100.0
72) Islam_MAJ1_1900 (ISLAM_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19381.8
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 19004318.2
TOTAL236100.0
73) African_MAJ1_1900 (AFRICAN_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20185.2
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 19003514.8
TOTAL236100.0
74) Buddhism_MAJ1_1900 (BUDDHISM_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) 022896.6
1) If Buddhism is the majority religious group in the country in 190083.4
TOTAL236100.0
75) Hindu_MAJ1_1900 (HINDU_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If Hinduism is the majority religious group in the country in 190041.7
TOTAL236100.0
76) Pacific_MAJ1_1900 (PACIFIC_MAJ_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23097.5
1) If country is in Pacific and ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 190062.5
TOTAL236100.0
77) China_Asia_MAJ1_1900 (CHINA_ASIA_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22896.6
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 190083.4
TOTAL236100.0
78) No_MAJ1_1900 (NO_MAJ1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22494.9
1) If there is no majority religious group in the country in 1900125.1
TOTAL236100.0
79) Super1_1900 Indicating the super-majority (80 percent or more) religious group in the country in 1900 (SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined)3213.6
2) Catholicism4920.8
4) Orthodox Christian62.5
5) Islam3414.4
6) African Ethnoreligion3012.7
7) Buddhism41.7
8) Hinduism10.4
12) No Super-Majority7130.1
13) Pacific Island Ethnoreligion41.7
14) Asian Ethnoreligion20.8
15) Chinese Folk Religion31.3
TOTAL236100.0
80) Prot_Super1_1900 (PROT_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20486.4
1) If Protestantism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 19003213.6
TOTAL236100.0
81) Cath_Super1_1900 (CATH_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18779.2
1) If Catholicism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 19004920.8
TOTAL236100.0
82) Orth_Super1_1900 (ORTH_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23097.5
1) If Orthodox Christianity is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 190062.5
TOTAL236100.0
83) Islam_Super1_1900 (ISLAM_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20285.6
1) If Islam is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 19003414.4
TOTAL236100.0
84) African_Super1_1900 (AFRICAN_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20687.3
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 19003012.7
TOTAL236100.0
85) Buddhism_Super1_1900 (BUDD_S00)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If Buddhism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 190041.7
TOTAL236100.0
86) Hindu_Super1_1900 (HINDU_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23599.6
1) If Hinduism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 190010.4
TOTAL236100.0
87) Pacific_Super1_1900 (PACIFIC_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If country is in Pacific and ethnoreligion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 190041.7
TOTAL236100.0
88) China_Asia_Super1_1900 (CHINA_ASIA_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23197.9
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 190052.1
TOTAL236100.0
89) Chinese_Super1_1900\V (CHINESE_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23398.7
1) If Chinese folk religion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 190031.3
TOTAL236100.0
90) No_Super1_1900 (NO_SUPER1_1900)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise16569.9
1) If there is no religious group that is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 19007130.1
TOTAL236100.0
91) Colony_Australia (COLONY_AUSTRALIA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23197.9
1) If country is or has been administered by Australia52.1
TOTAL236100.0
92) Colony_Austro_Hung (COLONY_AUSTRO_HUNG)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22997.0
1) If country was party of the Austro_Hungarian empire73.0
TOTAL236100.0
93) Colony_Belgium (COLONY_BELGIUM)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23398.7
1) If country was a Belgian colony31.3
TOTAL236100.0
94) Colony_Britain (Note: The U.S. is not coded as a former colony) (COLONY_BRITAIN)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise15364.8
1) If country was a British colony, protectorate, mandate, etc.8335.2
TOTAL236100.0
95) Colony_China (COLONY_CHINA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If country was ruled by China41.7
TOTAL236100.0
96) Colony_Denmark (COLONY_DENMARK)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If country was/is ruled by Denmark41.7
TOTAL236100.0
97) Colony_France (COLONY_FRANCE)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19783.5
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by France3916.5
TOTAL236100.0
98) Colony_Germany (Note: Wartime occupation is not included) (COLONY_GERMANY)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22394.5
1) If country was a colony or otherwise ruled by Germany135.5
TOTAL236100.0
99) Colony_Italy (COLONY_ITALY)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23499.2
1) If country was a colony or otherwise ruled by Italy20.8
TOTAL236100.0
100) Colony_Japan (Note: Wartime occupation is not included) (COLONY_JAPAN)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22997.0
1) If country was a colony or otherwise ruled by Japan73.0
TOTAL236100.0
101) Colony_Neth (COLONY_NETH)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22896.6
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by The Netherlands83.4
TOTAL236100.0
102) Colony_New_Zealand (COLONY_NEW_ZEALAND)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23298.3
1) If country was/is a territory or otherwise ruled by New Zealand41.7
TOTAL236100.0
103) Colony_Norway (COLONY_NORWAY)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23499.2
1) If country was/is a territory or otherwise ruled by Norway20.8
TOTAL236100.0
104) Colony_Portugal (COLONY_PORTUGAL)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22796.2
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by Portugal93.8
TOTAL236100.0
105) Colony_Russia (COLONY_RUSSIA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22093.2
1) If country was/is a territory of Russia, a component of the USSR, or otherwise ruled by Russia/USSR166.8
TOTAL236100.0
106) Colony_Spain (COLONY_SPAIN)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20687.3
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by Spain3012.7
TOTAL236100.0
107) Colony_Turkey (COLONY_TURKEY)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise21289.8
1) If country was ruled by the Ottoman Empire2410.2
TOTAL236100.0
108) Colony_USA (COLONY_USA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22595.3
1) If country was/is a territory, possession, mandates, or otherwise ruled by the United States114.7
TOTAL236100.0
109) Measures the rule of law in the country according the International Country Risk Guide, as reported in the LLSV (1998) article (RULE_LAW_LLSV)
TOTAL%
2) 12.0
2) 12.0
2) 12.0
3) 24.1
3) 12.0
4) 12.0
4) 12.0
4) 24.1
4) 12.0
4) 12.0
5) 12.0
5) 12.0
5) 12.0
5) 36.1
5) 12.0
6) 12.0
6) 12.0
6) 12.0
6) 12.0
7) 12.0
7) 12.0
7) 12.0
8) 24.1
8) 12.0
8) 12.0
9) 12.0
9) 24.1
9) 12.0
9) 24.1
9) 12.0
10) 1224.5
Missing187 
TOTAL49100.0
110) Measures the level of corruption in the country according to International Country Risk Guide, as reported in the LLSV (1998) article (CORRUPTION_LLSV)
TOTAL%
2) 12.0
3) 12.0
3) 12.0
3) 12.0
4) 12.0
5) 12.0
5) 24.1
5) 12.0
5) 12.0
5) 36.1
5) 36.1
5) 24.1
5) 12.0
5) 12.0
6) 12.0
6) 12.0
6) 12.0
7) 12.0
7) 12.0
7) 36.1
8) 12.0
8) 12.0
9) 48.2
9) 12.0
9) 12.0
9) 12.0
9) 12.0
9) 12.0
9) 12.0
9) 12.0
10) 816.3
Missing187 
TOTAL49100.0
111) Legal_Orig_English_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_ENGLISH_LLSV)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise3163.3
1) If the country's legal origin is English1836.7
Missing187 
TOTAL49100.0
112) Legal_Orig_France_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_FRANCE_LLSV)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise2857.1
1) If the country's legal origin is French2142.9
Missing187 
TOTAL49100.0
113) Legal_Orig_German_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_GERMAN_LLSV)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise4387.8
1) If the country's legal origin is German612.2
Missing187 
TOTAL49100.0
114) Legal_Orig_Scandinavian_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_SCANDINAVIAN_LLSV)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise4591.8
1) If the country's legal origin is Scandinavian48.2
Missing187 
TOTAL49100.0
115) Asia (ASIA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18377.5
1) If country is located on the continent of Asia5322.5
TOTAL236100.0
116) Africa (AFRICA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise17775.0
1) If country is located on the continent of Africa5925.0
TOTAL236100.0
117) Europe (EUROPE)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise18779.2
1) If country is located on the continent of Europe4920.8
TOTAL236100.0
118) N_America (N_AMERICA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise23398.7
1) If country is located on the continent of North America, excluding Central America and Caribbean31.3
TOTAL236100.0
119) C_America_Caribbean (C_AMERICA_CARIBBEAN)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20486.4
1) If country is located in Central America (including Mexico) or the Caribbean3213.6
TOTAL236100.0
120) S_America (S_AMERICA)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise22294.1
1) If country is located on the continent of South America145.9
TOTAL236100.0
121) Australia_Pacific (AUSTRALIA_PACIFIC)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise20787.7
1) If Country is located on the continent of Australia or in the Pacific Ocean2912.3
TOTAL236100.0
122) Percentage of the population that was Catholic in 1900 (PCTCATHOLIC1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.2620
123) Percentage of the population that was Protestant in 1900, including Protestants, Independent Christians, and Anglicans (PCTPROTESTANT1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.1960
124) Percentage of the population that was Orthodox Christian in 1900 (PCTORTHODOX1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0530
125) Percentage of the population that was Marginal Christian in 1900 (PCTMARGINALXTIAN1900)
TOTAL%
0) 20687.3
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
126) Percentage of the population that was 'Unaffiliated Christian' in 1900 (PCTUNAFFILIATEDXTIANS1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0240
127) Percentage of the population that was Muslim in 1900 (PCTMUSLIM1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.1920
128) Percentage of the population that was Hindu in 1900 (PCTHINDU1900)
TOTAL%
0) 19783.5
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
129) Percentage of the population that was Chinse Folk Religion in 1900 (PCTCHINESEFOLK1900)
TOTAL%
0) 20687.3
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
130) Percentage of the population that was Buddhist in 1900 (PCTBUDDHIST1900)
TOTAL%
0) 19381.8
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 20.8
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 20.8
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
131) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 (PCTETHNORELIGION1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.1890
132) Percentage of the population that was New Religion in 1900 (PCTNEWRELIGION1900)
TOTAL%
0) 23298.3
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
133) Percentage of the population that was Sikh in 1900 (PCTSIKH1900)
TOTAL%
0) 22294.1
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
134) Percentage of the population that was Jewish in 1900 (PCTJEWISH1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0050
135) Percentage of the population that was Spiritist in 1900 (PCTSPIRITIST1900)
TOTAL%
0) 21390.3
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 20.8
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
136) Percentage of the population that was Baha'i in 1900 (PCTBAHAI1900)
TOTAL%
0) 22093.2
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
137) Percentage of the population that was Confucian in 1900 (PCTCONFUCIAN1900)
TOTAL%
0) 23499.2
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
138) Percentage of the population that was Jain in 1900 (PCTJAIN1900)
TOTAL%
0) 23197.9
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
139) Percentage of the population that was Shinto in 1900 (PCTSHINTO1900)
TOTAL%
0) 23599.6
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
140) Percentage of the population that was Taoist in 1900 (PCTTAO1900)
TOTAL%
0) 23499.2
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
141) Percentage of the population that was Zoroastrian in 1900 (PCTZOROASTRIAN1900)
TOTAL%
0) 22896.6
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
142) Percentage of the population that was 'other religion' in 1900 (PCTOTHER1900)
TOTAL%
0) 21791.9
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
143) Percentage of the population that was No Religion in 1900 (PCTNORELIGION1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0030
144) Percentage of the population that was atheist in 1900 (PCTATHEIST1900)
TOTAL%
0) 19683.1
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
145) Sum of squared shares of all religions measured by Barrett et al. (2001) (HERFINDAHL1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.7520
146) = 1 minus herfindahl1900 (PLURALISM1900)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.2480
147) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 if the country is in Asia (ASIANETHNO1900)
TOTAL%
0) 19281.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
148) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in African countries in 1900 (PCTAFRICANETHNO1900)
TOTAL%
0) 19281.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
149) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 in Australia/Pacific countries (PCTPACIFICETHNO1900)
TOTAL%
0) 22294.1
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
150) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 if the country is in the Americas (PCTAMERICANETHNO1900)
TOTAL%
0) 21591.1
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 20.8
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
151) Percentage of the population that was Catholic in 2000 (PCTCATHOLIC2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.2940
152) Percentage of the population that was Protestant in 2000, including Protestants, Independent Christians, and Anglicans (PCTPROTESTANT2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.220
153) Percentage of the population that was Orthodox Christian in 2000 (PCTORTHODOX2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0450
154) Percentage of the population that was Marginal Christian in 2000 (PCTMARGINALXTIAN2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.010
155) Percentage of the population that was 'Unaffiliated Christian' in 2000 (PCTUNAFFILIATEDXTIANS2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0390
156) Percentage of the population that was Muslim in 2000 (PCTMUSLIM2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.2040
157) Percentage of the population that was Hindu in 2000 (PCTHINDU2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.020
158) Percentage of the population that was Chinese Folk Religion in 2000 (PCTCHINESEFOLK2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0130
159) Percentage of the population that was Buddhist in 2000 (PCTBUDDHIST2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0310
160) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 (PCTETHNORELIGION2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0420
161) Percentage of the population that was New Religion in 2000 (PCTNEWRELIGION2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0050
162) Percentage of the population that was Sikh in 2000 (PCTSIKH2000)
TOTAL%
0) 20185.2
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
163) Percentage of the population that was Jewish in 2000 (PCTJEWISH2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0050
164) Percentage of the population that was Spiritist in 2000 (PCTSPIRITIST2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0040
165) Percentage of the population that was Baha'i in 2000 (PCTBAHAI2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0040
166) Percentage of the population that was Confucian in 2000 (PCTCONFUCIAN2000)
TOTAL%
0) 22193.6
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
167) Percentage of the population that was Jain in 2000 (PCTJAIN2000)
TOTAL%
0) 22595.3
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
168) Percentage of the population that was Shinto in 2000 (PCTSHINTO2000)
TOTAL%
0) 22896.6
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
169) Percentage of the population that was Taoist in 2000 (PCTTAO2000)
TOTAL%
0) 23197.9
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
170) Percentage of the population that was Zoroastrian in 2000 (PCTZOROASTRIAN2000)
TOTAL%
0) 21390.3
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
171) Percentage of the population that was 'other religion' in 2000 (PCTOTHER2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL23600
172) Percentage of the population that was No Religion in 2000 (PCTNORELIGION2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0510
173) Percentage of the population that was atheist in 2000 (PCTATHEIST_2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.010
174) Sum of squared shares of all religions measured by Barrett et al. (2001) (PCTHERFINDAHL2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.5470
175) = 1 minus herfindahl2000 (PLURALISM2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.4530
176) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 if the country is in Asia (PCTASIANETHNO2000)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2360.0190
177) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in African countries in 2000 (PCTAFRICANETHNO_2000)
TOTAL%
0) 18779.2
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
1) 10.4
1) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
178) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 in Australia/Pacific countries (PCTPACIFICETHNO2000)
TOTAL%
0) 21791.9
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
179) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 if the country is in the Americas (PCTAMERICANETHNO2000)
TOTAL%
0) 21490.7
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
0) 10.4
TOTAL236100.0
180) String variable indicating which wave of the World Values Survey was used to calculate WVS statistics (WAVE)
TOTAL%
19941999) 1315.9
19992004) 6984.1
Missing154 
TOTAL82100.0
181) Percent of country's population claiming to be a religious person (PCTRELIGIOUSPERSON)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8072.02818
182) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in God (BELIEVEGOD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL800.8580
183) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in the Devil (BELIEVEDEV)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL630.460
184) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in hell (BELIEVEHELL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL800.5350
185) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in heaven (BELIEVEHEAVEN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL800.6470
186) Percentage of the country's population reporting attendance at religious services at least once per week (PCTATTENDCHURCHWEEKLY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8129.40723
187) Percentage of the country's population reporting attendance at religious services at least once per month (PCTATTENDCHURCHMONTHLY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8140.8824
188) National primary school enrollment ratio (Note that for Estonia we linearly interpolated the 1930 value from the 1920 and 1935 values) (ENROLLMENT1930)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14533.96625
189) Educ_Sample=1 if have data for enrollment 1930 (EDUC_SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
0) If enrollment 1930 is missing9138.6
1) If data exists for enrollment 193014561.4
TOTAL236100.0
190) Measure of ethnolinguistic fractionalization taken from LLSV (1999) (LLSV_ETHNOLING_FRAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1570.3290
191) Measure of ethnolinguistic fractionalization taken from Alesina et al. (2003) (WASCIARG_ETHNOLING_FRAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2250.4120
192) LLSV99_Legal_Origin (LLSV99_LEGAL_ORIGIN)
193) LLSV99_English LLSV99_Legal_Origin==En (LLSV99_ENGLISH)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise13667.3
1) If the country's legal origin is English6632.7
Missing34 
TOTAL202100.0
194) LLSV_French LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Fr (LLSV99_FRENCH)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise11255.4
1) If the country's legal origin is French9044.6
Missing34 
TOTAL202100.0
195) LLSV99_German LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Ger (LLSV99_GERMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19596.5
1) If the country's legal origin is German73.5
Missing34 
TOTAL202100.0
196) LLSV99_Scandinavian LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Scan (LLSV99_SCANDINAVIAN)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise19797.5
1) If the country's legal origin is Scandinavian52.5
Missing34 
TOTAL202100.0
197) LLSV99_Socialist LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Soc (LLSV99_SOCIALIST)
TOTAL%
0) Otherwise16883.2
1) If the country's legal origin is socialist3416.8
Missing34 
TOTAL202100.0