National Religion and Spirituality Survey 2020

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Congregations/Other Organizations > Others > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Case ID (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36096375.6283768
2) Post-stratification weights - 18+ general population (N=3,609) (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL360911
3) Data only: Computed seven-level party ID (PARTYID7)
TOTAL%
-1) Unknown40.1
1) Strong Democrat52114.4
2) Moderate Democrat70419.5
3) Lean Democrat46813.0
4) Don't lean/Independent/none60516.8
5) Lean Republican37510.4
6) Moderate Republican57115.8
7) Strong Republican36110.0
TOTAL3609100.0
4) What comes to mind when you hear the word 'spirituality'? (Q1)
TOTAL%
3) [ARDA note: Label missing]11.6
77) Don't know2031.7
98) Skipped on web4063.5
99) Refused23.2
Missing3546 
TOTAL63100.0
5) [Purpose] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_1)
TOTAL%
0) No194353.8
1) Yes166646.2
TOTAL3609100.0
6) [Morality] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_2)
TOTAL%
0) No215959.8
1) Yes145040.2
TOTAL3609100.0
7) [Values] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_3)
TOTAL%
0) No192053.2
1) Yes168946.8
TOTAL3609100.0
8) [Belonging] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_4)
TOTAL%
0) No244267.7
1) Yes116732.3
TOTAL3609100.0
9) [Peace] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_5)
TOTAL%
0) No122233.9
1) Yes238766.1
TOTAL3609100.0
10) [Inspiration] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_6)
TOTAL%
0) No168546.7
1) Yes192453.3
TOTAL3609100.0
11) [Security] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_7)
TOTAL%
0) No268874.5
1) Yes92125.5
TOTAL3609100.0
12) [Love] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_8)
TOTAL%
0) No168146.6
1) Yes192853.4
TOTAL3609100.0
13) [Structure] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_9)
TOTAL%
0) No280477.7
1) Yes80522.3
TOTAL3609100.0
14) [Wonder] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_10)
TOTAL%
0) No258871.7
1) Yes102128.3
TOTAL3609100.0
15) [Transformation] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_11)
TOTAL%
0) No272575.5
1) Yes88424.5
TOTAL3609100.0
16) [Clarity] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_12)
TOTAL%
0) No237765.9
1) Yes123234.1
TOTAL3609100.0
17) [Transcendence] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_13)
TOTAL%
0) No274576.1
1) Yes86423.9
TOTAL3609100.0
18) [None of these] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_14)
TOTAL%
0) No326190.4
1) Yes3489.6
TOTAL3609100.0
19) [Don't know] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_DK)
TOTAL%
0) No360599.9
1) Yes40.1
TOTAL3609100.0
20) [Skipped on web] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_SKP)
TOTAL%
0) No360399.8
1) Yes60.2
TOTAL3609100.0
21) [Refused] What words best describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q2_REF)
TOTAL%
0) No3609100.0
TOTAL3609100.0
22) [Purpose] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_1)
TOTAL%
0) No163584.1
1) Yes30815.9
Missing1666 
TOTAL1943100.0
23) [Morality] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_2)
TOTAL%
0) No173180.2
1) Yes42819.8
Missing1450 
TOTAL2159100.0
24) [Values] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_3)
TOTAL%
0) No160483.5
1) Yes31616.5
Missing1689 
TOTAL1920100.0
25) [Belonging] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_4)
TOTAL%
0) No196280.3
1) Yes48019.7
Missing1167 
TOTAL2442100.0
26) [Peace] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_5)
TOTAL%
0) No106487.1
1) Yes15812.9
Missing2387 
TOTAL1222100.0
27) [Inspiration] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_6)
TOTAL%
0) No148988.4
1) Yes19611.6
Missing1924 
TOTAL1685100.0
28) [Security] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_7)
TOTAL%
0) No194672.4
1) Yes74227.6
Missing921 
TOTAL2688100.0
29) [Love] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_8)
TOTAL%
0) No147287.6
1) Yes20912.4
Missing1928 
TOTAL1681100.0
30) [Structure] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_9)
TOTAL%
0) No192268.5
1) Yes88231.5
Missing805 
TOTAL2804100.0
31) [Wonder] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_10)
TOTAL%
0) No206879.9
1) Yes52020.1
Missing1021 
TOTAL2588100.0
32) [Transformation] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_11)
TOTAL%
0) No217879.9
1) Yes54720.1
Missing884 
TOTAL2725100.0
33) [Clarity] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_12)
TOTAL%
0) No201384.7
1) Yes36415.3
Missing1232 
TOTAL2377100.0
34) [Transcendence] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_13)
TOTAL%
0) No214078.0
1) Yes60522.0
Missing864 
TOTAL2745100.0
35) [None of these] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_14)
TOTAL%
0) No289480.2
1) Yes71519.8
TOTAL3609100.0
36) [Don't know] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_DK)
TOTAL%
0) No359899.7
1) Yes110.3
TOTAL3609100.0
37) [Skipped on web] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_SKP)
TOTAL%
0) No358999.4
1) Yes200.6
TOTAL3609100.0
38) [Refused] What words least describe what spirituality offers for you, personally? (Q3_REF)
TOTAL%
0) No3609100.0
TOTAL3609100.0
39) [Purpose] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_1)
TOTAL%
0) No209458.0
1) Yes151542.0
TOTAL3609100.0
40) [Morality] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_2)
TOTAL%
0) No207857.6
1) Yes153142.4
TOTAL3609100.0
41) [Values] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_3)
TOTAL%
0) No175448.6
1) Yes185551.4
TOTAL3609100.0
42) [Belonging] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_4)
TOTAL%
0) No225962.6
1) Yes135037.4
TOTAL3609100.0
43) [Peace] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_5)
TOTAL%
0) No175648.7
1) Yes185351.3
TOTAL3609100.0
44) [Inspiration] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_6)
TOTAL%
0) No201055.7
1) Yes159944.3
TOTAL3609100.0
45) [Security] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_7)
TOTAL%
0) No265173.5
1) Yes95826.5
TOTAL3609100.0
46) [Love] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_8)
TOTAL%
0) No190952.9
1) Yes170047.1
TOTAL3609100.0
47) [Structure] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_9)
TOTAL%
0) No243467.4
1) Yes117532.6
TOTAL3609100.0
48) [Wonder] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_10)
TOTAL%
0) No291180.7
1) Yes69819.3
TOTAL3609100.0
49) [Transformation] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_11)
TOTAL%
0) No290180.4
1) Yes70819.6
TOTAL3609100.0
50) [Clarity] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_12)
TOTAL%
0) No268074.3
1) Yes92925.7
TOTAL3609100.0
51) [Transcendence] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_13)
TOTAL%
0) No306584.9
1) Yes54415.1
TOTAL3609100.0
52) [None of these] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_14)
TOTAL%
0) No291280.7
1) Yes69719.3
TOTAL3609100.0
53) [Don't know] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_DK)
TOTAL%
0) No360799.9
1) Yes20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
54) [Skipped on web] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_SKP)
TOTAL%
0) No360299.8
1) Yes70.2
TOTAL3609100.0
55) [Refused] What words best describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q4_REF)
TOTAL%
0) No3609100.0
TOTAL3609100.0
56) [Purpose] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_1)
TOTAL%
0) No164578.6
1) Yes44921.4
Missing1515 
TOTAL2094100.0
57) [Morality] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_2)
TOTAL%
0) No162878.3
1) Yes45021.7
Missing1531 
TOTAL2078100.0
58) [Values] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_3)
TOTAL%
0) No142081.0
1) Yes33419.0
Missing1855 
TOTAL1754100.0
59) [Belonging] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_4)
TOTAL%
0) No177978.8
1) Yes48021.2
Missing1350 
TOTAL2259100.0
60) [Peace] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_5)
TOTAL%
0) No141880.8
1) Yes33819.2
Missing1853 
TOTAL1756100.0
61) [Inspiration] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_6)
TOTAL%
0) No166382.7
1) Yes34717.3
Missing1599 
TOTAL2010100.0
62) [Security] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_7)
TOTAL%
0) No194173.2
1) Yes71026.8
Missing958 
TOTAL2651100.0
63) [Love] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_8)
TOTAL%
0) No157382.4
1) Yes33617.6
Missing1700 
TOTAL1909100.0
64) [Structure] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_9)
TOTAL%
0) No187777.1
1) Yes55722.9
Missing1175 
TOTAL2434100.0
65) [Wonder] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_10)
TOTAL%
0) No224877.2
1) Yes66322.8
Missing698 
TOTAL2911100.0
66) [Transformation] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_11)
TOTAL%
0) No224277.3
1) Yes65922.7
Missing708 
TOTAL2901100.0
67) [Clarity] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_12)
TOTAL%
0) No210678.6
1) Yes57421.4
Missing929 
TOTAL2680100.0
68) [Transcendence] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_13)
TOTAL%
0) No232075.7
1) Yes74524.3
Missing544 
TOTAL3065100.0
69) [None of these] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_14)
TOTAL%
0) No281177.9
1) Yes79822.1
TOTAL3609100.0
70) [Don't know] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_DK)
TOTAL%
0) No360399.8
1) Yes60.2
TOTAL3609100.0
71) [Skipped on web] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_SKP)
TOTAL%
0) No358899.4
1) Yes210.6
TOTAL3609100.0
72) [Refused] What words least describe what religion offers for you, personally? (Q5_REF)
TOTAL%
0) No3609100.0
TOTAL3609100.0
73) Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about a higher power - whether it be God, gods, or some other divine source or universal energy? (Q14)
TOTAL%
1) I don't believe in a higher power2436.7
2) I don't know whether there is a higher power, and I don't believe there is any way to find out36310.1
3) I doubt a higher power's existence more than I believe1544.3
4) I believe in a higher power's existence more than I doubt84623.4
5) I know a higher power exists and I have no doubts about it188752.3
77) Don't know1093.0
98) Skipped on web70.2
TOTAL3609100.0
74) To what extent do you feel connected to the following: [A higher power] (Q16_1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all connected61817.1
2) Slightly connected57015.8
3) Moderately connected101528.1
4) Highly connected138838.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web160.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
75) To what extent do you feel connected to the following: [All of humanity] (Q16_2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all connected2446.8
2) Slightly connected119633.1
3) Moderately connected149541.4
4) Highly connected64417.8
77) Don't know80.2
98) Skipped on web200.6
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
76) To what extent do you feel connected to the following: [The natural environment] (Q16_3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all connected1955.4
2) Slightly connected86924.1
3) Moderately connected142739.5
4) Highly connected108130.0
77) Don't know70.2
98) Skipped on web290.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
77) Do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My spirituality influences the way I see the world.] (Q17_1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree132636.7
2) Somewhat agree105929.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree62917.4
4) Somewhat disagree2115.8
5) Strongly disagree36510.1
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web140.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
78) Do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My religion influences the way I see the world.] (Q17_2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree95226.4
2) Somewhat agree89424.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree76021.1
4) Somewhat disagree2677.4
5) Strongly disagree71219.7
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web210.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
79) To what extent are you accountable to a higher power for your impact on other people? (Q18)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all accountable62817.4
2) Not very accountable43312.0
3) Somewhat accountable116332.2
4) Extremely accountable136437.8
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
80) To what extent are you accountable to a higher power for your impact on the natural environment? (Q18B)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all accountable60616.8
2) Not very accountable54015.0
3) Somewhat accountable140639.0
4) Extremely accountable100827.9
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web441.2
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
81) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Prayer] (Q19A)
TOTAL%
1) Daily165445.8
2) Weekly46913.0
3) Monthly2366.5
4) Less than once a month41311.4
5) Never81122.5
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web210.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
82) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Yoga, martial arts, or other physical activity] (Q19B)
TOTAL%
1) Daily41711.6
2) Weekly61016.9
3) Monthly2707.5
4) Less than once a month45912.7
5) Never182450.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web270.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
83) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Meditation] (Q19C)
TOTAL%
1) Daily53614.9
2) Weekly45512.6
3) Monthly3339.2
4) Less than once a month57916.0
5) Never167546.4
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
84) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Study of religious text] (Q19D)
TOTAL%
1) Daily54415.1
2) Weekly59116.4
3) Monthly2988.3
4) Less than once a month69119.1
5) Never146340.5
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
85) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Tarot cards or fortune telling] (Q19E)
TOTAL%
1) Daily340.9
2) Weekly601.7
3) Monthly822.3
4) Less than once a month2527.0
5) Never315087.3
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web270.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
86) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Reading] (Q19F)
TOTAL%
1) Daily115532.0
2) Weekly65618.2
3) Monthly36210.0
4) Less than once a month53314.8
5) Never88424.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web170.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
87) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Fasting (i.e., not eating for a day or more)] (Q19G)
TOTAL%
1) Daily411.1
2) Weekly1434.0
3) Monthly2687.4
4) Less than once a month62617.3
5) Never251069.5
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
88) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Attending religious service] (Q19H)
TOTAL%
1) Daily671.9
2) Weekly109130.2
3) Monthly2647.3
4) Less than once a month84323.4
5) Never132736.8
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web150.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
89) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Attending other religious or spiritual groups] (Q19I)
TOTAL%
1) Daily541.5
2) Weekly42011.6
3) Monthly2898.0
4) Less than once a month73920.5
5) Never208657.8
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
90) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Art (such as singing, painting, listening to music)] (Q19J)
TOTAL%
1) Daily109830.4
2) Weekly67518.7
3) Monthly3088.5
4) Less than once a month40811.3
5) Never110130.5
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web150.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
91) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Being in nature] (Q19K)
TOTAL%
1) Daily71719.9
2) Weekly70619.6
3) Monthly60816.8
4) Less than once a month68919.1
5) Never86724.0
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
92) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Writing] (Q19L)
TOTAL%
1) Daily3539.8
2) Weekly44912.4
3) Monthly40711.3
4) Less than once a month70719.6
5) Never166546.1
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web250.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
93) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Honoring or communicating with ancestors] (Q19M)
TOTAL%
1) Daily2446.8
2) Weekly2366.5
3) Monthly3158.7
4) Less than once a month61317.0
5) Never217560.3
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
94) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Offering or donation] (Q19N)
TOTAL%
1) Daily691.9
2) Weekly73420.3
3) Monthly79021.9
4) Less than once a month88324.5
5) Never110230.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web270.7
99) Refused30.1
TOTAL3609100.0
95) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Acts of service] (Q19O)
TOTAL%
1) Daily40511.2
2) Weekly62617.3
3) Monthly56515.7
4) Less than once a month73220.3
5) Never125034.6
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
96) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Acts of protest] (Q19P)
TOTAL%
1) Daily481.3
2) Weekly842.3
3) Monthly1073.0
4) Less than once a month43312.0
5) Never290880.6
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web230.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
97) How often do you engage in the following as spiritual activities? [Teaching in a religious or spiritual setting] (Q19Q)
TOTAL%
1) Daily732.0
2) Weekly2888.0
3) Monthly1895.2
4) Less than once a month37610.4
5) Never265273.5
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused30.1
TOTAL3609100.0
98) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Prayer] (Q19AA)
TOTAL%
1) Daily160044.3
2) Weekly52214.5
3) Monthly2496.9
4) Less than once a month39510.9
5) Never82522.9
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web160.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
99) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Yoga, martial arts, or other physical activity] (Q19AB)
TOTAL%
1) Daily37910.5
2) Weekly55815.5
3) Monthly2376.6
4) Less than once a month43912.2
5) Never197054.6
98) Skipped on web250.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
100) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Meditation] (Q19AC)
TOTAL%
1) Daily49813.8
2) Weekly44412.3
3) Monthly2968.2
4) Less than once a month54515.1
5) Never179649.8
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
101) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Study of religious text] (Q19AD)
TOTAL%
1) Daily51514.3
2) Weekly60016.6
3) Monthly3008.3
4) Less than once a month66818.5
5) Never150541.7
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
102) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Tarot cards or fortune telling] (Q19AE)
TOTAL%
1) Daily411.1
2) Weekly591.6
3) Monthly712.0
4) Less than once a month2065.7
5) Never320288.7
98) Skipped on web290.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
103) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Reading] (Q19AF)
TOTAL%
1) Daily104328.9
2) Weekly62717.4
3) Monthly3238.9
4) Less than once a month53114.7
5) Never106529.5
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web170.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
104) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Fasting (i.e., not eating for a day or more)] (Q19AG)
TOTAL%
1) Daily471.3
2) Weekly1293.6
3) Monthly2496.9
4) Less than once a month62517.3
5) Never253470.2
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web210.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
105) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Attending religious service] (Q19AH)
TOTAL%
1) Daily671.9
2) Weekly109830.4
3) Monthly2807.8
4) Less than once a month88824.6
5) Never125534.8
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
106) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Attending other religious or spiritual groups] (Q19AI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily581.6
2) Weekly41011.4
3) Monthly2968.2
4) Less than once a month73520.4
5) Never208457.7
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web230.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
107) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Art (such as singing, painting, listening to music)] (Q19AJ)
TOTAL%
1) Daily95426.4
2) Weekly65718.2
3) Monthly2888.0
4) Less than once a month36410.1
5) Never132736.8
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web170.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
108) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Being in nature] (Q19AK)
TOTAL%
1) Daily62617.3
2) Weekly60916.9
3) Monthly55715.4
4) Less than once a month61517.0
5) Never117132.4
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
109) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Writing] (Q19AL)
TOTAL%
1) Daily3088.5
2) Weekly41811.6
3) Monthly3339.2
4) Less than once a month67418.7
5) Never183951.0
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web320.9
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
110) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Honoring or communicating with ancestors] (Q19AM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily2186.0
2) Weekly2135.9
3) Monthly3018.3
4) Less than once a month56415.6
5) Never228563.3
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web210.6
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
111) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Offering or donation] (Q19AN)
TOTAL%
1) Daily681.9
2) Weekly76121.1
3) Monthly73020.2
4) Less than once a month84823.5
5) Never118132.7
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
112) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Acts of service] (Q19AO)
TOTAL%
1) Daily3599.9
2) Weekly60016.6
3) Monthly52514.5
4) Less than once a month70019.4
5) Never139238.6
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web290.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
113) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Acts of protest] (Q19AP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily310.9
2) Weekly742.1
3) Monthly982.7
4) Less than once a month38610.7
5) Never299683.0
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web220.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
114) How often do you engage in the following as religious activities? [Teaching in a religious or spiritual setting] (Q19AQ)
TOTAL%
1) Daily812.2
2) Weekly2757.6
3) Monthly1805.0
4) Less than once a month38510.7
5) Never265873.6
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web280.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
115) What other activities do you engage in that you consider spiritual, if any? (Q20)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]30.3
1) [ARDA note: Label missing]10.1
77) Don't know443.8
98) Skipped on web111295.6
99) Refused30.3
Missing2446 
TOTAL1163100.0
116) How much do the following statements describe you? [My spirituality guides my sense of right and wrong.] (Q21A_1)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all58216.1
2) Describes me slightly56015.5
3) Describes me moderately89724.9
4) Describes me very well154442.8
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web210.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
117) How much do the following statements describe you? [My spirituality guides how I act in the world.] (Q21A_2)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all59016.3
2) Describes me slightly58816.3
3) Describes me moderately99327.5
4) Describes me very well141339.2
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web220.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
118) How much do the following statements describe you? [My spirituality inspires me to give back to my community.] (Q21A_3)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all73020.2
2) Describes me slightly75620.9
3) Describes me moderately97327.0
4) Describes me very well111831.0
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
119) How much do the following statements describe you? [My religion guides my sense of right and wrong.] (Q21B_1)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all94726.2
2) Describes me slightly53714.9
3) Describes me moderately79522.0
4) Describes me very well130236.1
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
120) How much do the following statements describe you? [My religion guides how I act in the world.] (Q21B_2)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all98827.4
2) Describes me slightly56315.6
3) Describes me moderately87624.3
4) Describes me very well114831.8
77) Don't know60.2
98) Skipped on web270.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
121) How much do the following statements describe you? [My religion inspires me to give back to my community.] (Q21B_3)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all109130.2
2) Describes me slightly66818.5
3) Describes me moderately86323.9
4) Describes me very well95126.4
77) Don't know60.2
98) Skipped on web290.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
122) How often do you ... [feel the presence of a higher power?] (Q22_1)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day49013.6
2) Every day70719.6
3) Most days58316.2
4) Some days46712.9
5) Once in a while69519.3
6) Never65118.0
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web120.3
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
123) How often do you ... [desire to be closer to a higher power?] (Q22_2)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day58616.2
2) Every day87124.1
3) Most days51314.2
4) Some days44012.2
5) Once in a while51614.3
6) Never66018.3
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
124) How often do you ... [ask for help from a higher power in the midst of daily activities?] (Q22_3)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day59716.5
2) Every day67118.6
3) Most days50013.9
4) Some days54315.0
5) Once in a while56215.6
6) Never71819.9
77) Don't know60.2
98) Skipped on web110.3
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
125) How often do you ... [ask for help from a higher power in times of need?] (Q22_4)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day61116.9
2) Every day62017.2
3) Most days55515.4
4) Some days54915.2
5) Once in a while66018.3
6) Never59516.5
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web150.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
126) How often do you ... [feel guided by a higher power in the midst of daily activities?] (Q22_5)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day51714.3
2) Every day63817.7
3) Most days49513.7
4) Some days53614.9
5) Once in a while56315.6
6) Never84523.4
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web120.3
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
127) How often do you ... [feel a higher power's love for me, directly?] (Q22_6)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day58116.1
2) Every day73120.3
3) Most days46913.0
4) Some days42611.8
5) Once in a while47513.2
6) Never90625.1
77) Don't know60.2
98) Skipped on web140.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
128) How often do you ... [feel a higher power's love for me, through others?] (Q22_7)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day40011.1
2) Every day63017.5
3) Most days58116.1
4) Some days61417.0
5) Once in a while54315.0
6) Never81922.7
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web160.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
129) How often do you ... [feel touched by the beauty of creation?] (Q22_8)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day62617.3
2) Every day90024.9
3) Most days68419.0
4) Some days49313.7
5) Once in a while38510.7
6) Never48813.5
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web280.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
130) How often do you ... [feel thankful for my blessings?] (Q22_9)
TOTAL%
1) Many times a day101028.0
2) Every day113331.4
3) Most days59616.5
4) Some days2908.0
5) Once in a while2035.6
6) Never36010.0
98) Skipped on web160.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
131) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Making a difference in my community] (Q25A)
TOTAL%
1) Very important116332.2
2) Somewhat important144139.9
3) Neither important nor unimportant66218.3
4) Somewhat unimportant1965.4
5) Very unimportant1323.7
98) Skipped on web140.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
132) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Being informed of community issues] (Q25B)
TOTAL%
1) Very important106229.4
2) Somewhat important160244.4
3) Neither important nor unimportant60616.8
4) Somewhat unimportant2025.6
5) Very unimportant1203.3
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web150.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
133) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Welcoming people who are different from me into my community] (Q25C)
TOTAL%
1) Very important131536.4
2) Somewhat important120533.4
3) Neither important nor unimportant73720.4
4) Somewhat unimportant1905.3
5) Very unimportant1423.9
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web170.5
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
134) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Speaking up when other people have been wronged] (Q25D)
TOTAL%
1) Very important167246.3
2) Somewhat important126635.1
3) Neither important nor unimportant44712.4
4) Somewhat unimportant1153.2
5) Very unimportant912.5
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web130.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
135) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Helping other people in need] (Q25E)
TOTAL%
1) Very important191753.1
2) Somewhat important125234.7
3) Neither important nor unimportant2717.5
4) Somewhat unimportant772.1
5) Very unimportant712.0
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
136) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Volunteering] (Q25F)
TOTAL%
1) Very important110830.7
2) Somewhat important145840.4
3) Neither important nor unimportant68318.9
4) Somewhat unimportant2035.6
5) Very unimportant1243.4
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web300.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
137) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Supporting causes or organizations that are important to me] (Q25G)
TOTAL%
1) Very important130036.0
2) Somewhat important150341.6
3) Neither important nor unimportant52214.5
4) Somewhat unimportant1634.5
5) Very unimportant972.7
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web220.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
138) How important are each of the following actions to you? [Contributing to the greater good in the world] (Q25H)
TOTAL%
1) Very important157743.7
2) Somewhat important136237.7
3) Neither important nor unimportant45112.5
4) Somewhat unimportant1062.9
5) Very unimportant922.5
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
139) How well do the following statements describe you? [Working with others, I make positive changes in my community.] (Q26A)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all55615.4
2) Describes me slightly120933.5
3) Describes me moderately111230.8
4) Describes me very well71219.7
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
140) How well do the following statements describe you? [I stay informed of events in my community.] (Q26B)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all45512.6
2) Describes me slightly122533.9
3) Describes me moderately121733.7
4) Describes me very well69019.1
98) Skipped on web210.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
141) How well do the following statements describe you? [I make an effort to attend community events.] (Q26C)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all99227.5
2) Describes me slightly135337.5
3) Describes me moderately87024.1
4) Describes me very well36810.2
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
142) How well do the following statements describe you? [I make an effort to know my neighbors.] (Q26D)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all59016.3
2) Describes me slightly120833.5
3) Describes me moderately106329.5
4) Describes me very well72820.2
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
143) How well do the following statements describe you? [I make an effort to interact with strangers.] (Q26E)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all72120.0
2) Describes me slightly125034.6
3) Describes me moderately105329.2
4) Describes me very well57115.8
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web120.3
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
144) How well do the following statements describe you? [I participate in organized volunteer opportunities.] (Q26F)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all111430.9
2) Describes me slightly120333.3
3) Describes me moderately78721.8
4) Describes me very well48913.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web140.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
145) How well do the following statements describe you? [I donate to causes or organizations that are important to me.] (Q26G)
TOTAL%
1) Does not describe me at all57816.0
2) Describes me slightly108230.0
3) Describes me moderately102128.3
4) Describes me very well90725.1
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
146) During the past 12 months, have you done any of the following, or not? [Attended a meeting to talk about political or social concerns] (Q29A)
TOTAL%
0) Have not done this in the past 12 months261772.5
1) Have done this in the past 12 months97627.0
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web130.4
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
147) During the past 12 months, have you done any of the following, or not? [Telephoned, written a letter to, or visited a government official to express your views on a public issue] (Q29B)
TOTAL%
0) Have not done this in the past 12 months264773.3
1) Have done this in the past 12 months94026.0
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web200.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
148) During the past 12 months, have you done any of the following, or not? [Given money to a candidate, campaign, or an organization concerned with a political or social issue] (Q29C)
TOTAL%
0) Have not done this in the past 12 months263573.0
1) Have done this in the past 12 months95326.4
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web180.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
149) During the past 12 months, have you done any of the following, or not? [Joined in a protest march, rally, or demonstration] (Q29D)
TOTAL%
0) Have not done this in the past 12 months324489.9
1) Have done this in the past 12 months3449.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web190.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
150) During the past 12 months, have you done any of the following, or not? [Signed a petition on the Internet or on paper about a political or social issue] (Q29E)
TOTAL%
0) Have not done this in the past 12 months208157.7
1) Have done this in the past 12 months150341.6
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web200.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
151) How often would you say you vote? (Q30)
TOTAL%
1) Always187051.8
2) Nearly always82622.9
3) Some of the time37410.4
4) Seldom2025.6
5) Never3249.0
98) Skipped on web120.3
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
152) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My spirituality influences my political views.] (Q31A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree75320.9
2) Somewhat agree83623.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree79722.1
4) Somewhat disagree2587.1
5) Strongly disagree92825.7
77) Don't know90.2
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
153) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My spirituality influences my political activity (such as voting, volunteering for political campaigns or issues, or donating to candidates or political organizations).] (Q31B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree59816.6
2) Somewhat agree69419.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree94326.1
4) Somewhat disagree3098.6
5) Strongly disagree102328.3
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web330.9
99) Refused40.1
TOTAL3609100.0
154) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My spirituality influences my civic engagement (such as volunteering in my community or donating to charity).] (Q31C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree58716.3
2) Somewhat agree83423.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree94526.2
4) Somewhat disagree2767.6
5) Strongly disagree93225.8
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused40.1
TOTAL3609100.0
155) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My spirituality leads me to hold politicians accountable.] (Q31D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree73720.4
2) Somewhat agree70319.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree93425.9
4) Somewhat disagree2527.0
5) Strongly disagree94526.2
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web300.8
99) Refused30.1
TOTAL3609100.0
156) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My religion influences my political views.] (Q31E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree58016.1
2) Somewhat agree68719.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree76521.2
4) Somewhat disagree3008.3
5) Strongly disagree124434.5
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused40.1
TOTAL3609100.0
157) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My religion influences my political activity (such as voting, volunteering for political campaigns or issues, or donating to candidates or political organizations).] (Q31F)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44612.4
2) Somewhat agree58716.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree88124.4
4) Somewhat disagree3068.5
5) Strongly disagree135637.6
77) Don't know50.1
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused40.1
TOTAL3609100.0
158) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My religion influences my civic engagement (such as volunteering in my community or donating to charity).] (Q31G)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48213.4
2) Somewhat agree69619.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree88324.5
4) Somewhat disagree2847.9
5) Strongly disagree122834.0
77) Don't know70.2
98) Skipped on web240.7
99) Refused50.1
TOTAL3609100.0
159) How much do you agree, disagree, or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? [My religion leads me to hold politicians accountable.] (Q31H)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree57515.9
2) Somewhat agree61817.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree89324.7
4) Somewhat disagree2697.5
5) Strongly disagree121733.7
77) Don't know60.2
98) Skipped on web260.7
99) Refused50.1
TOTAL3609100.0
160) To what extent do you consider yourself a spiritual person? Are you: (Q6)
TOTAL%
1) Very spiritual84323.4
2) Moderately spiritual139738.7
3) Slightly spiritual83323.1
4) Not spiritual at all52514.5
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web100.3
TOTAL3609100.0
161) Please indicate which of the following best describes you: (Q7)
TOTAL%
1) I have consistently identified as spiritual throughout my life94426.2
2) I identify as more spiritual now than in my past153542.5
3) I identify as less spiritual now than in my past57716.0
4) I have consistently identified as someone who is not spiritual51214.2
77) Don't know100.3
98) Skipped on web300.8
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
162) How important to you is spirituality in your life? (Q8)
TOTAL%
1) Very important146040.5
2) Somewhat important100127.7
3) Neither important nor unimportant50113.9
4) Somewhat unimportant2326.4
5) Very unimportant39510.9
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web170.5
TOTAL3609100.0
163) I aspire to be a [more] spiritual person. (Q9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree109730.4
2) Agree105729.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree78321.7
4) Disagree2416.7
5) Strongly disagree40611.2
77) Don't know40.1
98) Skipped on web200.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
164) To what extent do you consider yourself a religious person? Are you: (Q10)
TOTAL%
1) Very religious50714.0
2) Moderately religious118432.8
3) Slightly religious85823.8
4) Not religious at all104929.1
98) Skipped on web100.3
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
165) Please indicate which of the following best describes you: (Q11)
TOTAL%
1) I have consistently identified as religious throughout my life95026.3
2) I identify as more religious now than in my past88424.5
3) I identify as less religious now than in my past109230.3
4) I have consistently identified as someone who is not religious66018.3
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web200.6
TOTAL3609100.0
166) How important to you is religion in your life? (Q12)
TOTAL%
1) Very important122634.0
2) Somewhat important85023.6
3) Neither important nor unimportant47313.1
4) Somewhat unimportant3168.8
5) Very unimportant72520.1
98) Skipped on web190.5
TOTAL3609100.0
167) I aspire to be a [more] religious person. (Q13)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree79922.1
2) Agree83523.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree79021.9
4) Disagree36310.1
5) Strongly disagree80022.2
98) Skipped on web220.6
TOTAL3609100.0
168) Which statement best describes how you think about spirituality and religion? (Q23)
TOTAL%
1) Religion and spirituality are the same55415.4
2) Religion and spirituality are more similar than they are different151942.1
3) Religion and spirituality are more different than they are similar74820.7
4) Religion and spirituality are entirely different73720.4
77) Don't know130.4
98) Skipped on web371.0
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
169) How are religion and spirituality [the same/more similar than they are different/more different than they are similar/entirely different]? Please explain your response. (Q24)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]20.3
2) [ARDA note: Label missing]10.2
77) Don't know467.6
98) Skipped on web55190.9
99) Refused61.0
Missing3003 
TOTAL606100.0
170) Which response best describes you? (Q27)
TOTAL%
1) I am not a member of a spiritual or religious community. By community, we mean a group of people who share a similar set of beliefs.191653.1
2) I am a member of a spiritual or religious community. By community, we mean a group of people who share a similar set of beliefs.165345.8
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web361.0
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
171) How often, if at all, do you attend church, synagogue, or other religious or spiritual services? (Q28)
TOTAL%
1) Less than once per year133637.0
2) About once or twice a year45612.6
3) Several times a year3359.3
4) About once a month2105.8
5) Two to three times a month1654.6
6) Nearly every week2657.3
7) Every week60116.7
8) Several times a week1935.3
77) Don't know60.2
98) Skipped on web391.1
99) Refused30.1
TOTAL3609100.0
172) When you were growing up, what was your religion, if any? (R1)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, Nondenominational, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Episcopalian, Reformed Church)148541.1
2) Roman Catholic (Catholic)99827.7
3) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/LDS)591.6
4) Orthodox (Greek, Russian, or some other Orthodox church)310.9
5) Jewish (Judaism)631.7
6) Muslim (Islam)260.7
7) Buddhist320.9
8) Hindu190.5
9) Atheist (do not believe in God)501.4
10) Agnostic (not sure if there is a God)471.3
11) Nothing in particular2015.6
12) Just Christian47013.0
13) Unitarian (Universalist)130.4
14) Something else942.6
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web160.4
99) Refused20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
173) When you were growing up, what was your religion, if any? [Other] (R1_OE)
174) More specifically, what was your religion when you were growing up? (R1A)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist51134.4
2) Methodist23816.0
3) Nondenominational Christian1248.4
4) Lutheran19813.3
5) Presbyterian946.3
6) Pentecostal976.5
7) Episcopalian513.4
8) Reformed120.8
9) Church of Christ503.4
10) Jehovah's Witnesses241.6
11) Other, please specify835.6
98) Skipped on web30.2
Missing2124 
TOTAL1485100.0
175) More specifically, what was your religion when you were growing up? [Other] (R1A_OE)
176) What is your present religion, if any? (R2)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, Nondenominational, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Episcopalian, Reformed Church)102028.3
2) Roman Catholic (Catholic)56215.6
3) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/LDS)481.3
4) Orthodox (Greek, Russian, or some other Orthodox church)250.7
5) Jewish (Judaism)491.4
6) Muslim (Islam)270.7
7) Buddhist411.1
8) Hindu190.5
9) Atheist (do not believe in God)1965.4
10) Agnostic (not sure if there is a God)2206.1
11) Nothing in particular46612.9
12) Just Christian68419.0
13) Unitarian (Universalist)290.8
14) Something else1875.2
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web320.9
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
177) What is your present religion, if any? [Other] (R2_OE)
178) More specifically, what is your present religion? (R2A)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist32732.1
2) Methodist12512.3
3) Nondenominational Christian20019.6
4) Lutheran11711.5
5) Presbyterian555.4
6) Pentecostal737.2
7) Episcopalian272.6
8) Reformed101.0
9) Church of Christ313.0
10) Jehovah's Witnesses171.7
11) Other, please specify353.4
98) Skipped on web30.3
Missing2589 
TOTAL1020100.0
179) More specifically, what is your present religion? [Other] (R2A_OE)
180) What is your sexual orientation? (D5)
TOTAL%
1) Straight/heterosexual324990.0
2) Gay, lesbian, or bisexual2156.0
3) Prefer not to say1293.6
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web130.4
TOTAL3609100.0
181) Do you personally identify as transgender? (D6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes310.9
2) No356098.6
77) Don't know80.2
98) Skipped on web100.3
TOTAL3609100.0
182) When it comes to your views on economic issues, would you say that you are: (D3)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative53714.9
2) Somewhat conservative92625.7
3) Moderate133437.0
4) Somewhat liberal46612.9
5) Very liberal3038.4
77) Don't know110.3
98) Skipped on web310.9
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
183) When it comes to your views on social issues, would you say that you are: (D4)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative47713.2
2) Somewhat conservative79922.1
3) Moderate121633.7
4) Somewhat liberal58616.2
5) Very liberal45812.7
77) Don't know110.3
98) Skipped on web611.7
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
184) Start date/time (STARTDT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL360913798837516.851236107
185) End date/time (ENDDT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL360913798905883.364332820
186) Time spent in survey, in minutes (DURATION)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL360921.24312
187) Survey interview mode (online or phone) (SURV_MODE)
TOTAL%
1) Phone interview3539.8
2) Web interview325690.2
TOTAL3609100.0
188) Survey interview language (SURV_LANG)
TOTAL%
1) English3609100.0
TOTAL3609100.0
189) Device (DEVICE)
190) Respondent gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male181750.3
2) Female179249.7
TOTAL3609100.0
191) Respondent age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL360948.29817
192) Age - four categories (AGE4)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2953614.9
2) 30-44113631.5
3) 45-5984523.4
4) 60+109230.3
TOTAL3609100.0
193) Age - seven categories (AGE7)
TOTAL%
1) 18-242286.3
2) 25-3483923.2
3) 35-4460516.8
4) 45-5453314.8
5) 55-6463317.5
6) 65-7451114.2
7) 75+2607.2
TOTAL3609100.0
194) Combined race/ethnicity (RACETHNICITY)
TOTAL%
1) White, non-Hispanic227263.0
2) Black, non-Hispanic42311.7
3) Other, non-Hispanic631.7
4) Hispanic60916.9
5) Two or more, non-Hispanic1273.5
6) Asian, non-Hispanic1153.2
TOTAL3609100.0
195) Education (Highest degree received) (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education20.1
2) First, second, third, or fourth grade10.0
3) Fifth or sixth grade20.1
4) Seventh or eighth grade130.4
5) Ninth grade140.4
6) 10th grade310.9
7) 11th grade471.3
8) 12th grade (no diploma)611.7
9) High school graduate [high school diploma or the equivalent (GED)]72920.2
10) Some college, no degree108230.0
11) Associate degree44612.4
12) Bachelor's degree69219.2
13) Master's degree36910.2
14) Professional or doctorate degree1203.3
TOTAL3609100.0
196) Four-level education (EDUC4)
TOTAL%
1) No high school diploma1714.7
2) High school graduate or equivalent72920.2
3) Some college152842.3
4) Bachelor's degree or above118132.7
TOTAL3609100.0
197) Marital status (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married179249.7
2) Widowed1925.3
3) Divorced44112.2
4) Separated892.5
5) Never married78421.7
6) Living with partner3118.6
TOTAL3609100.0
198) Current employment status (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working - as a paid employee183650.9
2) Working - self-employed3228.9
3) Not working - on temporary layoff from a job260.7
4) Not working - looking for work1865.2
5) Not working - retired72020.0
6) Not working - disabled2527.0
7) Not working - other2677.4
TOTAL3609100.0
199) Household income (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $5,000962.7
2) $5,000 to $9,9991002.8
3) $10,000 to $14,9991644.5
4) $15,000 to $19,9991744.8
5) $20,000 to $24,9992035.6
6) $25,000 to $29,9992015.6
7) $30,000 to $34,9991885.2
8) $35,000 to $39,9991724.8
9) $40,000 to $49,9993429.5
10) $50,000 to $59,9993369.3
11) $60,000 to $74,99937610.4
12) $75,000 to $84,9991704.7
13) $85,000 to $99,9993589.9
14) $100,000 to $124,9992697.5
15) $125,000 to $149,9991885.2
16) $150,000 to $174,9991032.9
17) $175,000 to $199,999641.8
18) $200,000 or more1052.9
TOTAL3609100.0
200) State (STATE)
201) Four-level region (REGION4)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast53714.9
2) Midwest92625.7
3) South117532.6
4) West97126.9
TOTAL3609100.0
202) Nine-level region (REGION9)
TOTAL%
1) New England1744.8
2) Mid-Atlantic36310.1
3) East North Central56615.7
4) West North Central36010.0
5) South Atlantic66618.5
6) East South Central1674.6
7) West South Central3429.5
8) Mountain3279.1
9) Pacific64417.8
TOTAL3609100.0
203) Metropolitan area flag (METRO)
TOTAL%
0) Non-metro area66918.5
1) Metro area294081.5
TOTAL3609100.0
204) Household internet access via dial-up, DSL, or cable broadband at home (INTERNET)
TOTAL%
0) Non-Internet household56315.6
1) Internet household304684.4
TOTAL3609100.0
205) Home ownership (HOUSING)
TOTAL%
1) Owned or being bought by you or someone in your household228663.3
2) Rented for cash120833.5
3) Occupied without payment of cash rent1153.2
TOTAL3609100.0
206) Type of building of panelists' residence (HOME_TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) A one-family house detached from any other house227863.1
2) A one-family house attached to one or more houses2988.3
3) A building with two or more apartments85023.6
4) A mobile home or trailer1744.8
5) Boat, RV, van, etc.90.2
TOTAL3609100.0
207) Telephone service for the household (PHONESERVICE)
TOTAL%
1) Landline telephone only1965.4
2) Have a landline, but mostly use cellphone85123.6
3) Have a cellphone, but mostly use landline42211.7
4) Cellphone only211258.5
5) No telephone service280.8
TOTAL3609100.0
208) Household size (including children) (HHSIZE)
TOTAL%
1) 68619.0
2) 118232.8
3) 51214.2
4) 48113.3
5) 2847.9
6) 46412.9
TOTAL3609100.0
209) Number of household members age zero to one (HH01)
TOTAL%
0) 356298.7
1) 441.2
2) 30.1
TOTAL3609100.0
210) Number of household members age two to five (HH25)
TOTAL%
0) 320488.8
1) 2446.8
2) 1273.5
3) 240.7
4) 80.2
5) 20.1
TOTAL3609100.0
211) Number of household members age six to 12 (HH612)
TOTAL%
0) 305384.6
1) 2677.4
2) 2005.5
3) 340.9
4) 391.1
5) 90.2
6) 40.1
7) 20.1
8) 10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
212) Number of household members age 13 to 17 (HH1317)
TOTAL%
0) 317487.9
1) 2466.8
2) 1403.9
3) 310.9
4) 120.3
5) 50.1
6) 10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
213) Number of household members age eighteen plus (HH180V)
TOTAL%
1) 120433.4
2) 149741.5
3) 46212.8
4) 2316.4
5) 1273.5
6) 401.1
7) 320.9
8) 60.2
9) 40.1
10) 30.1
11) 10.0
12) 10.0
14) 10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
214) Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about a higher power - whether it be God, gods, or some other [ARDA note: remaining question text is missing] (Q14R)
TOTAL%
1) Don't believe76021.8
2) Somewhat believe84624.2
3) Strongly believe188754.0
Missing116 
TOTAL3493100.0
215) Daily/weekly: Prayer (WACT1)
TOTAL%
0) No133336.9
1) Prayer227663.1
TOTAL3609100.0
216) Daily/weekly: Yoga, martial arts, or other physical activity (WACT2)
TOTAL%
0) No236165.4
1) Yoga, martial arts, or other physical activity124834.6
TOTAL3609100.0
217) Daily/weekly: Meditation (WACT3)
TOTAL%
0) No244067.6
1) Meditation116932.4
TOTAL3609100.0
218) Daily/weekly: Study of religious text (WACT4)
TOTAL%
0) No232564.4
1) Study of religious text128435.6
TOTAL3609100.0
219) Daily/weekly: Tarot cards or fortune telling (WACT5)
TOTAL%
0) No346996.1
1) Tarot cards or fortune telling1403.9
TOTAL3609100.0
220) Daily/weekly: Reading (WACT6)
TOTAL%
0) No156843.4
1) Reading204156.6
TOTAL3609100.0
221) Daily/weekly: Fasting (WACT7)
TOTAL%
0) No337593.5
1) Fasting2346.5
TOTAL3609100.0
222) Daily/weekly: Attending religious service (WACT8)
TOTAL%
0) No236365.5
1) Attending religious service124634.5
TOTAL3609100.0
223) Daily/weekly: Attending other religious or spiritual groups (WACT9)
TOTAL%
0) No303584.1
1) Attending other religious or spiritual groups57415.9
TOTAL3609100.0
224) Daily/weekly: Art (WACT10)
TOTAL%
0) No162144.9
1) Art198855.1
TOTAL3609100.0
225) Daily/weekly: Being in nature (WACT11)
TOTAL%
0) No200555.6
1) Being in nature160444.4
TOTAL3609100.0
226) Daily/weekly: Writing (WACT12)
TOTAL%
0) No265873.6
1) Writing95126.4
TOTAL3609100.0
227) Daily/weekly: Honoring or communicating with ancestors (WACT13)
TOTAL%
0) No302783.9
1) Honoring or communicating with ancestors58216.1
TOTAL3609100.0
228) Daily/weekly: Offering or donation (WACT14)
TOTAL%
0) No267074.0
1) Offering or donation93926.0
TOTAL3609100.0
229) Daily/weekly: Acts of service (WACT15)
TOTAL%
0) No240366.6
1) Acts of service120633.4
TOTAL3609100.0
230) Daily/weekly: Acts of protest (WACT16)
TOTAL%
0) No344195.3
1) Acts of protest1684.7
TOTAL3609100.0
231) Daily/weekly: Teaching in a religious or spiritual setting (WACT17)
TOTAL%
0) No316387.6
1) Teaching in a religious or spiritual setting44612.4
TOTAL3609100.0
232) Scale: Guided by spirituality (Q21A) (SPIRITGUIDE)
TOTAL%
1) 150714.0
1) 541.5
2) 2962.7
2) 238810.8
2) 21734.8
3) 32186.0
3) 1.3333333333333359016.3
3) 32527.0
4) 43379.3
4) 495426.4
28) 20.1
28) 10.0
34) 3420.1
34) 3420.1
34) 3410.0
35) 3530.1
35) 3520.1
35) 3540.1
53) 10.0
66) 10.0
67) 10.0
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web170.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
233) Scale: Guided by religion (Q21B) (RELIGIONGUIDE)
TOTAL%
1) 186824.1
1) 701.9
2) 21103.0
2) 23439.5
2) 21754.8
3) 31855.1
3) 1.3333333333333350614.0
3) 32517.0
4) 42717.5
4) 478521.8
27) 2710.0
28) 2810.0
28) 2840.1
33) 30.1
34) 3420.1
34) 3410.0
35) 3530.1
35) 3520.1
35) 3510.0
67) 10.0
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web220.6
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
234) Scale: Guided by spirituality or religion (Q21AB) (SPIRRELGUIDE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36093.497
235) Scale: Relationship with higher powers (Q22) (HIGHERPOWER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36093.9475
236) Scale: Relationship with higher powers (Q22) (Reversed) (HIGHERPOWERR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36093.0535
237) Scale: Civic attitudes (Q25) (CIVATT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36092.4995
238) Scale: Civic attitudes (Q25) (Reversed) (CIVATTR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36093.5015
239) Scale: Civic behavior (Q26) (CIVBEH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36092.9626
240) Summed scale: Number of political behaviors done (POLBEH)
TOTAL%
0) 0150641.7
1) 173620.4
2) 254315.0
3) 338410.6
4) 42386.6
5) 51484.1
77) Don't know10.0
80) 8010.0
98) Skipped on web130.4
99) Refused120.3
100) 10050.1
101) 10130.1
102) 10230.1
196) 19610.0
197) 19710.0
198) 19810.0
231) 23110.0
385) 38510.0
392) 39210.0
393) 39310.0
490) 49080.2
495) 49510.0
TOTAL3609100.0
241) Considers self spiritual or religious (Q6 or Q10) (SPIRRELCONSIDER)
TOTAL%
1) [ARDA note: Label missing]2435100.0
Missing1174 
TOTAL2435100.0
242) Feel guided by spirituality or religion (GUIDED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes181950.4
2) No179049.6
TOTAL3609100.0
243) Scale: Public action (PUBACT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36094.0928
244) Scale: Public action (reversed) (PUBACTR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36091.9088
245) Mind and body groups (MBGROUP)
TOTAL%
0) Neither117432.5
1) Connected163945.4
3) Mind only79622.1
TOTAL3609100.0
246) [ARDA note: no variable description provided] (SRGROUP1)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]262472.7
1) [ARDA note: Label missing]98527.3
TOTAL3609100.0
247) Consider self spiritual or religious (SRGROUP2)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]10.0
1) No117332.5
2) Yes243567.5
TOTAL3609100.0
248) Consider self spiritual or religious (SRGROUP3)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]10.0
1) No42711.8
2) Yes318188.1
TOTAL3609100.0
249) [ARDA note: no variable description provided] (SRGROUP4)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]318288.2
4) [ARDA note: Label missing]42711.8
TOTAL3609100.0
250) Level of spiritual/religious (SRGROUP)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]10.0
1) Very98527.3
2) Moderately145040.2
3) Slightly74620.7
4) Not at all42711.8
TOTAL3609100.0
251) Level of spiritual/religious (reversed) (SRGROUPR)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all42711.8
2) Slightly74620.7
3) Moderately145040.2
4) Very98527.3
98) Skipped on web10.0
TOTAL3609100.0
252) See spirituality and religion as same or different (SAMEDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Same207358.3
2) Different148541.7
Missing51 
TOTAL3558100.0
253) Aspire to be more spiritual or religious (ASPIRE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes236265.4
2) No124734.6
TOTAL3609100.0
254) Attend organized services (SERVICES)
TOTAL%
1) Rare (less than once per year)133637.5
2) Some116632.7
3) Often (weekly or nearly)105929.7
Missing48 
TOTAL3561100.0
255) Consider self spiritual/religious versus attend organized services (SRVBH)
TOTAL%
0) [ARDA note: Label missing]481.3
1) Spiritual/religious and attends service185951.5
2) Spiritual/religious, but doesn't attend55915.5
3) Not spiritual/religious, but attends service36610.1
4) Not spiritual/religious and doesn't attend77721.5
TOTAL3609100.0
256) Generation (GENERATION)
TOTAL%
1) Gen Z1343.7
2) Millenial124134.4
3) Gen X88124.4
4) Boomer109330.3
5) Mature/Silent2607.2
TOTAL3609100.0
257) Change in religion (RCHANGE)
TOTAL%
1) Same religion212658.9
2) Different religion74120.5
3) Found religion782.2
4) Left religion66418.4
TOTAL3609100.0
258) Number of activities done at least weekly for spiritual/religious reasons (NUMBERACT)
TOTAL%
0) 46012.7
1) 39510.9
2) 2998.3
3) 3128.6
4) 3168.8
5) 2958.2
6) 3218.9
7) 2597.2
8) 2306.4
9) 2156.0
10) 1815.0
11) 1213.4
12) 782.2
13) 481.3
14) 290.8
15) 170.5
16) 90.2
17) 240.7
TOTAL3609100.0
259) Number of activities done weekly (NUMBERACT2)
TOTAL%
0) Zero46012.7
1) One to three100627.9
2) Four to six93225.8
3) Seven or more121133.6
TOTAL3609100.0
260) Do at least one traditional behavior weekly (TRADITIONAL)
TOTAL%
0) No123534.2
1) Yes237465.8
TOTAL3609100.0
261) Do at least one non-traditional behavior weekly (NONTRAD)
TOTAL%
0) No87224.2
1) Yes273775.8
TOTAL3609100.0
262) Do at least one educational behavior weekly (EDUCABEH)
TOTAL%
0) No285479.1
1) Yes75520.9
TOTAL3609100.0
263) Type of behavior done at least weekly (BEHTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Both traditional and non-traditional207757.6
2) Traditional only2978.2
3) Non-traditional only66018.3
4) Neither57515.9
TOTAL3609100.0
264) I-AGE: Age - four categories (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2953614.9
2) 30-44113631.5
3) 45-5984523.4
4) 60+109230.3
TOTAL3609100.0
265) I-EDUC: Four-level education (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No high school diploma1714.7
2) High school graduate or equivalent72920.2
3) Some college152842.3
4) Bachelor's degree or above118132.7
TOTAL3609100.0
266) I-GENDER: Respondent gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male181750.3
2) Female179249.7
TOTAL3609100.0
267) I-RELIGION: What is your present religion, if any? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant104929.4
2) Catholic56215.7
3) Other39611.1
4) Atheist/Agnostic/Nothing in particular88224.7
5) Just Christian68419.1
Missing36 
TOTAL3573100.0