Religious Freedom Index: American Perspectives on the First Amendment, 2020

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other National Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Record number (RECORD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10002236.1161305
2) In what state do you live? (Q100)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama191.9
2) Alaska50.5
3) Arizona222.2
4) Arkansas70.7
5) California10910.9
6) Colorado161.6
7) Connecticut90.9
8) Delaware60.6
9) District of Columbia10.1
10) Florida747.4
11) Georgia343.4
12) Hawaii90.9
13) Idaho60.6
14) Illinois434.3
15) Indiana242.4
16) Iowa60.6
17) Kansas101.0
18) Kentucky171.7
19) Louisiana151.5
20) Maine60.6
21) Maryland212.1
22) Massachusetts222.2
23) Michigan282.8
24) Minnesota171.7
25) Mississippi60.6
26) Missouri171.7
28) Nebraska40.4
29) Nevada80.8
31) New Jersey282.8
32) New Mexico40.4
33) New York727.2
34) North Carolina454.5
35) North Dakota10.1
36) Ohio373.7
37) Oklahoma80.8
38) Oregon151.5
39) Pennsylvania404.0
40) Rhode Island30.3
41) South Carolina90.9
42) South Dakota30.3
43) Tennessee181.8
44) Texas848.4
45) Utah60.6
46) Vermont30.3
47) Virginia161.6
48) Washington212.1
49) West Virginia50.5
50) Wisconsin181.8
51) Wyoming30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
3) In what state do you live?: I do not live in the US (NOANSWERQ100_N52)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected1000100.0
TOTAL1000100.0
4) Hidden question - Nine pt region (Q101)
TOTAL%
1) New England434.3
2) Middle Atlantic14014.0
3) East North Central15015.0
4) West North Central585.8
5) South Atlantic21121.1
6) East South Central606.0
7) West South Central11411.4
8) Mountain656.5
9) Pacific15915.9
TOTAL1000100.0
5) What is your zip code? (Q102)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL100050629.10629624
6) In what year were you born? (Q105)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10001972.87618
7) Hidden question - Computed age (Q106)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2412712.7
2) 25-3417017.0
3) 35-4417117.1
4) 45-5416316.3
5) 55-6417217.2
6) 65+19719.7
TOTAL1000100.0
8) What is your gender? (Q110)
TOTAL%
1) Male47147.1
2) Female52952.9
TOTAL1000100.0
9) Hidden question - Age by Gender (Q106, Q110 - Collapsed) (Q111)
TOTAL%
1) Male 18-24565.6
2) Male 25-34797.9
3) Male 35-44838.3
4) Male 45-54787.8
5) Male 55-64858.5
6) Male 65+909.0
7) Female 18-24717.1
8) Female 25-34919.1
9) Female 35-44888.8
10) Female 45-54858.5
11) Female 55-64878.7
12) Female 65+10710.7
TOTAL1000100.0
10) Are you of Hispanic origin, such as Latin American, Mexican, Puerto Rican, or Cuban? (Q125)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, of Hispanic origin16516.5
2) No, not of Hispanic origin83583.5
TOTAL1000100.0
11) What do you consider to be your ethnic background? (Q130)
TOTAL%
1) Caucasian69869.8
2) African-American/Black15215.2
3) Asian646.4
4) American Indian or Alaska Native131.3
5) Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander20.2
6) Multi-race313.1
7) Other (Please specify)404.0
TOTAL1000100.0
12) What do you consider to be your ethnic background? - Other (Q130R7OE)
13) Hidden question - Combined ethnicity (Q131)
TOTAL%
1) Hispanic16516.5
2) White, non-Hispanic61661.6
3) Black, non-Hispanic12912.9
4) Asian, non-Hispanic616.1
5) Multi-race, non-Hispanic151.5
6) All other, non-Hispanic141.4
TOTAL1000100.0
14) What is the last grade of formal education you have completed? (Q1025)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school (eighth grade or less)242.4
2) Some high school (ninth grade thru 12th grade)929.2
3) High school graduate28228.2
4) Some college, but no degree18718.7
5) Associate degree (vocational/technical)13013.0
6) Bachelor's degree19119.1
7) Master's degree868.6
8) Professional degree50.5
9) Doctorate degree30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
15) Hidden question - Last grade of formal education (HQ1025)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school11611.6
2) High school graduate (including equivalency)28228.2
3) Some college or associate's degree31731.7
4) Bachelor's degree or higher28528.5
TOTAL1000100.0
16) Hidden question - Split sample into two random, similar halves (for Q617/Q618) (Q202)
TOTAL%
1) Half A50050.0
2) Half B50050.0
TOTAL1000100.0
17) How important is religion in your own life? (Q209)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important21421.4
2) Not very important16416.4
3) Somewhat important21621.6
4) Very important19319.3
5) Extremely important21321.3
TOTAL1000100.0
18) Faith status (HQ209)
TOTAL%
1) Person of faith62262.2
2) Not a person of faith37837.8
TOTAL1000100.0
19) Which of the following comes closest to your own feelings? (Q214)
TOTAL%
1) Religious freedom is not protected enough in our country30830.8
2) Religious freedom is protected just as it should be in our country57157.1
3) Religious freedom is protected too much in our country12112.1
TOTAL1000100.0
20) Who in the government do you think does the best job at protecting religious freedom? (Q220)
TOTAL%
1) The president19019.0
2) Congress14914.9
3) Courts26926.9
4) State governments17817.8
5) Other21421.4
TOTAL1000100.0
21) Hidden question - Spilt sample into three random, similar thirds (Q300)
TOTAL%
1) Third A33433.4
2) Third B33333.3
3) Third C33333.3
TOTAL1000100.0
22) Switching gears just a little bit... When it comes to issues and what happens today in our country, would you say that religion is part of the problem or is it part of the solution? (Q301)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely part of the problem4513.5
2) Somewhat part of the problem9227.5
3) Somewhat part of the solution11333.8
4) Definitely part of the solution8425.1
Missing666 
TOTAL334100.0
23) Switching gears just a little bit... When it comes to issues and what happens today in our country, would you say that people of faith are part of the problem or part of the solution? (Q303)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely part of the problem319.3
2) Somewhat part of the problem9528.5
3) Somewhat part of the solution10431.2
4) Definitely part of the solution10330.9
Missing667 
TOTAL333100.0
24) When it comes to issues and what happens today in our country, would you say that people of faith and religion are part of the problem or part of the solution? (Q305)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely part of the problem4714.1
2) Somewhat part of the problem8324.9
3) Somewhat part of the solution11534.5
4) Definitely part of the solution8826.4
Missing667 
TOTAL333100.0
25) First, overall how accepting do you feel we are in our society toward people of faith in supporting their ability to believe and live according to their beliefs? (Q310A)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all636.3
2) A small amount20020.0
3) A moderate amount39439.4
4) A good amount24324.3
5) Completely10010.0
TOTAL1000100.0
26) Now, thinking about just you... how accepting do you feel you are personally toward people of faith in supporting their ability to believe and live according to their beliefs? (Q310B)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all373.7
2) A small amount10010.0
3) A moderate amount28528.5
4) A good amount30130.1
5) Completely27727.7
TOTAL1000100.0
27) Similarly, to what degree would you say we, as a society, appreciate the contributions religion and people of faith make to our country and to our society? (Q320A)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all606.0
2) A small amount21221.2
3) A moderate amount43443.4
4) A good amount20020.0
5) Completely949.4
TOTAL1000100.0
28) And, to what degree would you say you personally, appreciate the contributions religion and people of faith make to our country and to our society? (Q320B)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all656.5
2) A small amount11311.3
3) A moderate amount35635.6
4) A good amount27727.7
5) Completely18918.9
TOTAL1000100.0
29) To what degree would you say religion is important to you as an individual in providing stability and comfort during times of social unrest? (Q340)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important15615.6
2) Just a little important14314.3
3) Somewhat important25425.4
4) Very important21221.2
5) Absolutely essential23523.5
TOTAL1000100.0
30) To what degree would you say religion is important to us, as a society, in providing stability and comfort during times of social unrest? (Q341)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important757.5
2) Just a little important14814.8
3) Somewhat important35635.6
4) Very important25125.1
5) Absolutely essential17017.0
TOTAL1000100.0
31) Which would you say is a greater source of stability to society during times of social unrest - religion or government? (Q342)
TOTAL%
1) Government provides greater stability to society than religion20620.6
2) Government and religion equally provide stability to society33233.2
3) Religion provides greater stability to society than government30630.6
4) Neither religion nor government provide stability to society15615.6
TOTAL1000100.0
32) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom for people to choose a religion, if they want to. (Q400R1)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom61361.3
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom24224.2
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom10010.0
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom454.5
TOTAL1000100.0
33) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom to practice a religion in daily life without facing discrimination or harm from others. (Q400R2)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom56556.5
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom28728.7
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom989.8
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom505.0
TOTAL1000100.0
34) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom to express or share religious beliefs with others. (Q400R3)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom42942.9
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom35835.8
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom14714.7
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom666.6
TOTAL1000100.0
35) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom to pray or worship without fear of persecution. (Q400R4)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom60560.5
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom25825.8
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom939.3
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom444.4
TOTAL1000100.0
36) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom of individuals to preach the doctrine of their faith to others. (Q400R5)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom36836.8
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom37437.4
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom16416.4
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom949.4
TOTAL1000100.0
37) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom for people to run their business or private organizations according to their religious beliefs. (Q400R6)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom35735.7
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom35535.5
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom18118.1
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom10710.7
TOTAL1000100.0
38) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Tolerance and respect of a broad array of ideas and beliefs about God. (Q400R7)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom48948.9
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom33533.5
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom12012.0
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom565.6
TOTAL1000100.0
39) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: The freedom to believe that certain behaviors and activities are immoral, sinful and should be avoided in our society (gay marriage, adultery, abortion, pornography, capital punishment, destroying the environment, etc.). (Q400R8)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom37037.0
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom31931.9
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom17617.6
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom13513.5
TOTAL1000100.0
40) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom for people or groups to choose not to participate in actions or work that violates their sincere religious beliefs and conscience. (Q400R9)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom39539.5
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom37837.8
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom14414.4
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom838.3
TOTAL1000100.0
41) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: The freedom for any individual or group to believe that marriage is the union of a man and woman without having to worry about facing discrimination, penalties or fines from government. (Q400R10)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom43043.0
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom31431.4
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom15115.1
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom10510.5
TOTAL1000100.0
42) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: The freedom for people to rely on their personal religious beliefs to guide their voting decisions - which candidates to vote for and how to vote on different issues. (Q400R11)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom42842.8
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom32232.2
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom16416.4
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom868.6
TOTAL1000100.0
43) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom to practice one's religious beliefs even if they are contrary to accepted majority practices (such as not drinking alcohol, not eating pork/beef or for wearing a turban, burka or hijab, etc.). (Q400R12)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom45545.5
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom33333.3
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom15115.1
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom616.1
TOTAL1000100.0
44) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom of employees to practice their faith at work by wearing religious clothing (such as a hijab, turban or kippah) or refusing to work on certain days of the week (e.g., Sabbath/Sunday). (Q400R13)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom37137.1
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom38138.1
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom15715.7
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom919.1
TOTAL1000100.0
45) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom for religious groups or organizations to make their own employment and leadership decisions without government interference (hiring and firing practices and qualifications for leadership). (Q400R14)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom32332.3
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom33733.7
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom20820.8
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom13213.2
TOTAL1000100.0
46) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom for religious organizations and leaders to discuss political topics and to endorse or oppose political candidates. (Q400R15)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom28828.8
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom34734.7
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom20120.1
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom16416.4
TOTAL1000100.0
47) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom to practice one's religion in daily life or at work even if it creates an imposition or inconvenience for others. (Q400R16)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom26926.9
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom36436.4
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom22322.3
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom14414.4
TOTAL1000100.0
48) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom for religious groups or organizations to require their members or employees to live in accordane with the groups' religious beliefs. (Q400R17)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom28228.2
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom36736.7
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom20120.1
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom15015.0
TOTAL1000100.0
49) People have different beliefs about what religious freedom includes. For each of the following elements, please indicate the degree to which you believe it is part of what should be included and protected in religious freedom: Freedom to not work on certain days of the week (e.g. Sabbath/Sunday), even if it means the employer has to adjust schedules or make other changes. (Q400R18)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely essential part of religious freedom33933.9
2) Somewhat important part of religious freedom36536.5
3) Not a very important part of religious freedom18018.0
4) Definitely not a part of religious freedom11611.6
TOTAL1000100.0
50) Straightlined (Q400STRAIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16216.2
2) No83883.8
TOTAL1000100.0
51) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom for people to choose a religion, if they want to. (Q406R1)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support57057.0
2) Mostly accept and support30130.1
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose10110.1
4) Heavily challenge and oppose282.8
TOTAL1000100.0
52) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom to practice a religion in daily life without facing discrimination or harm from others. (Q406R2)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support53253.2
2) Mostly accept and support33133.1
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose10010.0
4) Heavily challenge and oppose373.7
TOTAL1000100.0
53) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom to express or share religious beliefs with others. (Q406R3)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support40940.9
2) Mostly accept and support37637.6
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose16516.5
4) Heavily challenge and oppose505.0
TOTAL1000100.0
54) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom to pray or worship without fear of persecution. (Q406R4)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support58158.1
2) Mostly accept and support29829.8
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose909.0
4) Heavily challenge and oppose313.1
TOTAL1000100.0
55) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom of individuals to preach the doctrine of their faith to others. (Q406R5)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support34734.7
2) Mostly accept and support38538.5
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose19419.4
4) Heavily challenge and oppose747.4
TOTAL1000100.0
56) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom for people to run their business or private organizations according to their religious beliefs. (Q406R6)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support35635.6
2) Mostly accept and support36436.4
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose18918.9
4) Heavily challenge and oppose919.1
TOTAL1000100.0
57) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Tolerance and respect of a broad array of ideas and beliefs about God. (Q406R7)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support45045.0
2) Mostly accept and support36936.9
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose12912.9
4) Heavily challenge and oppose525.2
TOTAL1000100.0
58) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: The freedom to believe that certain behaviors and activities are immoral, sinful and should be avoided in our society (gay marriage, adultery, abortion, pornography, capital punishment, destroying the environment, etc.). (Q406R8)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support34934.9
2) Mostly accept and support34734.7
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose19619.6
4) Heavily challenge and oppose10810.8
TOTAL1000100.0
59) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom for people or groups to choose not to participate in actions or work that violates their sincere religious beliefs and conscience. (Q406R9)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support37737.7
2) Mostly accept and support40740.7
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose15815.8
4) Heavily challenge and oppose585.8
TOTAL1000100.0
60) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: The freedom for any individual or group to believe that marriage is the union of a man and woman without having to worry about facing discrimination, penalties or fines from government. (Q406R10)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support40540.5
2) Mostly accept and support34634.6
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose16116.1
4) Heavily challenge and oppose888.8
TOTAL1000100.0
61) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: The freedom for people to rely on their personal religious beliefs to guide their voting decisions - which candidates to vote for and how to vote on different issues. (Q406R11)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support40640.6
2) Mostly accept and support37637.6
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose16216.2
4) Heavily challenge and oppose565.6
TOTAL1000100.0
62) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom to practice one's religious beliefs even if they are contrary to accepted majority practices (such as not drinking alcohol, not eating pork/beef or for wearing a turban, burka or hijab, etc.). (Q406R12)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support40640.6
2) Mostly accept and support38938.9
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose15615.6
4) Heavily challenge and oppose494.9
TOTAL1000100.0
63) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom of employees to practice their faith at work by wearing religious clothing (such as a hijab, turban or kippah) or refusing to work on certain days of the week (e.g., Sabbath/Sunday). (Q406R13)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support33833.8
2) Mostly accept and support39339.3
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose18318.3
4) Heavily challenge and oppose868.6
TOTAL1000100.0
64) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom for religious groups or organizations to make their own employment and leadership decisions without government interference (hiring and firing practices and qualifications for leadership). (Q406R14)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support31931.9
2) Mostly accept and support36236.2
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose21621.6
4) Heavily challenge and oppose10310.3
TOTAL1000100.0
65) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom for religious organizations and leaders to discuss political topics and to endorse or oppose political candidates. (Q406R15)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support31731.7
2) Mostly accept and support35335.3
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose21621.6
4) Heavily challenge and oppose11411.4
TOTAL1000100.0
66) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom to practice one's religion in daily life or at work even if it creates an imposition or inconvenience for others. (Q406R16)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support27827.8
2) Mostly accept and support35435.4
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose24524.5
4) Heavily challenge and oppose12312.3
TOTAL1000100.0
67) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom for religious groups or organizations to require their members or employees to live in accordane with the groups' religious beliefs. (Q406R17)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support28528.5
2) Mostly accept and support36936.9
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose21721.7
4) Heavily challenge and oppose12912.9
TOTAL1000100.0
68) To what degree do you personally accept and support versus challenge and oppose each of the items just covered: Freedom to not work on certain days of the week (e.g. Sabbath/Sunday), even if it means the employer has to adjust schedules or make other changes. (Q406R18)
TOTAL%
1) Completely accept and support31731.7
2) Mostly accept and support39139.1
3) Somewhat challenge and oppose20720.7
4) Heavily challenge and oppose858.5
TOTAL1000100.0
69) Straightlined (Q406STRAIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20020.0
2) No80080.0
TOTAL1000100.0
70) Thinking about religion in the public square, review the two hypothetical opinions below and indicate which one comes closest to your own. Nelson believes that freedom of religion is inherently private. People of faith should be free to pray and worship in their homes and at houses of worship, but they should not attempt to exercise or share religious beliefs in school, at work, on social media, or in other public places. Johnson believes that freedom of religion is inherently public. People of faith should be free not only to pray and worship in their homes and at houses of worship, but also to exercise and share their religious beliefs in school, at work, on social media, and in other public places. Is your opinion...? (Q505)
TOTAL%
1) Exactly like Nelson17917.9
2) Somewhat like Nelson29729.7
3) Somewhat like Johnson31931.9
4) Exactly like Johnson20520.5
TOTAL1000100.0
71) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - Religious beliefs are often used as an excuse for bigotry. (Q515R1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree12512.5
2) Somewhat disagree10510.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree35335.3
4) Somewhat agree22922.9
5) Strongly agree18818.8
TOTAL1000100.0
72) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - Government officials should stop people of faith from acting on religious beliefs if other people think of those beliefs as hurtful. (Q515R2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree17717.7
2) Somewhat disagree15615.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree37437.4
4) Somewhat agree18418.4
5) Strongly agree10910.9
TOTAL1000100.0
73) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - Freedom of religion means only the freedom to believe - it does not mean that people of faith should be free to act on their beliefs. (Q515R3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree16316.3
2) Somewhat disagree16616.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree36636.6
4) Somewhat agree19019.0
5) Strongly agree11511.5
TOTAL1000100.0
74) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - Religious faith is a way of life for many people - more than just praying or attending worship services once a week. (Q515R4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree373.7
2) Somewhat disagree747.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree24324.3
4) Somewhat agree27927.9
5) Strongly agree36736.7
TOTAL1000100.0
75) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - Religion, for some people, is a fundamental part of 'who I am' and should be protected accordingly. (Q515R5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree575.7
2) Somewhat disagree646.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree27727.7
4) Somewhat agree29929.9
5) Strongly agree30330.3
TOTAL1000100.0
76) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - It is appropriate to ask someone to reconsider their religious beliefs if they are different from mainstream beliefs, attitudes and traditions. (Q515R6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree26226.2
2) Somewhat disagree18518.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree32632.6
4) Somewhat agree15815.8
5) Strongly agree696.9
TOTAL1000100.0
77) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - Taking away religious freedom is a first step to losing broader freedoms in society such as speech, expression and assembly. (Q515R7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree757.5
2) Somewhat disagree898.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree27627.6
4) Somewhat agree23823.8
5) Strongly agree32232.2
TOTAL1000100.0
78) Please review the statements below and indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each. - During a pandemic or some other type of public emergency, it is okay for the government to stop religious groups from meeting together. (Q515R8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree13713.7
2) Somewhat disagree12312.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree30330.3
4) Somewhat agree19519.5
5) Strongly agree24224.2
TOTAL1000100.0
79) Straightlined (Q516STRAIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15615.6
2) No84484.4
TOTAL1000100.0
80) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Churches, synagogues, mosques and other religious organizations being considered tax-exempt non-profits by the IRS. (Q525R1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose14714.7
2) Somewhat oppose13713.7
3) Neither support nor oppose32932.9
4) Somewhat support19819.8
5) Strongly support18918.9
TOTAL1000100.0
81) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Religious organizations receiving government funding on an equal basis as nonreligious organizations, for programs such food banks, homeless shelters, or other charitable services. (Q525R2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose10710.7
2) Somewhat oppose11411.4
3) Neither support nor oppose34634.6
4) Somewhat support23423.4
5) Strongly support19919.9
TOTAL1000100.0
82) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Religious leaders being allowed to express political views about elections without risking losing tax-exempt status. (Q525R3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose15715.7
2) Somewhat oppose14714.7
3) Neither support nor oppose35735.7
4) Somewhat support17417.4
5) Strongly support16516.5
TOTAL1000100.0
83) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Private religious organizations should be allowed to ensure that their members and leaders agree with the core principles of their faith. (Q541R1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose616.1
2) Somewhat oppose929.2
3) Neither support nor oppose36736.7
4) Somewhat support25025.0
5) Strongly support23023.0
TOTAL1000100.0
84) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Religious student organizations at public universities should be allowed to ensure that their members and leaders agree with the core principles of their faith. (Q541R2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose737.3
2) Somewhat oppose919.1
3) Neither support nor oppose38938.9
4) Somewhat support25225.2
5) Strongly support19519.5
TOTAL1000100.0
85) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Public university officials should shut down religious student organizations when they disagree with the religious student organizations' beliefs. (Q541R3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose24124.1
2) Somewhat oppose19519.5
3) Neither support nor oppose38338.3
4) Somewhat support10710.7
5) Strongly support747.4
TOTAL1000100.0
86) Please indicate if you support or oppose each of the following policies. - Government officials should punish a religious organization if the religious organization requires its members or leaders to agree with its core principles of faith and these core principles are in conflict with the government's policies. (Q541R4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose20420.4
2) Somewhat oppose18318.3
3) Neither support nor oppose37937.9
4) Somewhat support15115.1
5) Strongly support838.3
TOTAL1000100.0
87) How fairly or unfairly do you think local and state governments treated religious congregations during the pandemic, especially with regard to their ability to meet for worship? (Q545)
TOTAL%
1) Government treated religious congregations very unfairly12812.8
2) Government treated religious congregations somewhat unfairly15515.5
3) Government treated religious congregations neither fairly nor unfairly33233.2
4) Government treated religious congregations somewhat fairly17217.2
5) Government treated religious congregations very fairly21321.3
TOTAL1000100.0
88) How appropriately do you think churches and places of worship reacted to COVID-19 restrictions? (Q546)
TOTAL%
1) Places of worship acted completely inappropriately10810.8
2) Places of worship acted somewhat inappropriately19219.2
3) Places of worship acted neither appropriately nor inappropriately30230.2
4) Places of worship acted somewhat appropriately22722.7
5) Places of worship acted completely appropriately17117.1
TOTAL1000100.0
89) Hidden question - Split sample into two random, similar halves (for Q560/Q561) (Q547)
TOTAL%
1) Half A49549.5
2) Half B50550.5
TOTAL1000100.0
90) When it comes to allowing gatherings of people during the coronavirus pandemic, should the government give higher priority to reopening houses of worship, like synagogues, mosques, and churches, or higher priority to reopening businesses, like malls, restaurants, and retail stores? (Q560)
TOTAL%
1) Houses of worship should have much higher priority than places of business6312.7
2) Houses of worship should have somewhat higher priority than places of business438.7
3) Houses of worship and places of business should be prioritized the same28257.0
4) Places of business should have somewhat higher priority than houses of worship408.1
5) Places of business should have much higher priority than houses of worship6713.5
Missing505 
TOTAL495100.0
91) When it comes to allowing gatherings of people during the coronavirus pandemic, should the government give higher priority to allowing outdoor religious services, or higher priority to allowing outdoor protests? (Q561)
TOTAL%
1) Outdoor religious services should have much higher priority than outdoor protests10921.6
2) Outdoor religious services should have somewhat higher priority than outdoor protests6613.1
3) Outdoor religious services and outdoor protests should be prioritized the same24448.3
4) Outdoor protests should have somewhat higher priority than outdoor religious services418.1
5) Outdoor protests should have much higher priority than outdoor religious services458.9
Missing495 
TOTAL505100.0
92) Over the history of our country, how would you characterize the contribution that religion and religious people have made toward equality and justice for racial minorities? Religious people and organizations have had a: (Q565)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly negative influence, significantly hindering equality and justice for racial minorities10110.1
2) Somewhat negative influence, somewhat hindering equality and justice for racial minorities14114.1
3) Neither positive nor negative influence39539.5
4) Somewhat positive influence, somewhat advancing equality and justice for racial minorities22022.0
5) Mostly positive influence, significantly advancing equality and justice for racial minorities14314.3
TOTAL1000100.0
93) How much of a role do you think religious organizations and people should play in advocating for racial equality and justice? Religious organizations and people should: (Q570)
TOTAL%
1) Not have a role at all in advocating for racial equality and justice10116.2
2) Have a small role in advocating for racial equality and justice21534.6
3) Have a major role in advocating for racial equality and justice30649.2
Missing378 
TOTAL622100.0
94) How would you rate your own faith community's response to issues of racial equality and justice? My faith community has done a(n): (Q575)
TOTAL%
1) Very poor job of responding to issues of racial equality and justice284.5
2) Poor job of responding to issues of racial equality and justice467.4
3) Neither good nor bad job of responding to issues of racial equality and justice25040.2
4) Good job of responding to issues of racial equality and justice18329.4
5) Excellent job of responding to issues of racial equality and justice11518.5
Missing378 
TOTAL622100.0
95) Why do you think that your faith community has done a(n) [RESPONSE FROM Q570]? (Q576)
96) Thinking about the sensitivities involved on highly controversial issues of our day where human rights and religion are involved, review the two hypothetical opinions below and indicate which one comes closest to your own: Smith believes that business owners or private organizations holding unpopular views-or what some might consider repulsive or discriminatory views-deserve to be boycotted, harassed or even shut down. Society should not tolerate any type of view or behavior that could be construed as hateful or discriminatory. Jones believes that business owners or private organizations have the right to hold any view they want-even if it is no longer politically correct and seems hateful and discriminatory to others-without the threat of losing their jobs or business. A society founded on freedom of speech and freedom of religion should tolerate the expression of these freedoms for all citizens. Is your opinion...? (Q617)
TOTAL%
1) Exactly like Smith6312.6
2) Somewhat like Smith16032.0
3) Somewhat like Jones17334.6
4) Exactly like Jones10420.8
Missing500 
TOTAL500100.0
97) Thinking about the sensitivities involved on highly controversial issues of our day where human rights and religion are involved, review the two hypothetical opinions below and indicate which one comes closest to your own: Smith believes that people of faith holding unpopular views - or what some might consider repulsive or discriminatory views - deserve to be harassed or silenced. Society should not tolerate any type of view or behavior that could be construed as hateful or discriminatory. Jones believes that people of faith have the right to hold any view they want - even if it is no longer politically correct and seems hateful and discriminatory to others - without the threat of being harassed or silenced. A society founded on freedom of speech and freedom of religion should tolerate the expression of these freedoms for all citizens. Is your opinion...? (Q618)
TOTAL%
1) Exactly like Smith448.8
2) Somewhat like Smith12324.6
3) Somewhat like Jones20741.4
4) Exactly like Jones12625.2
Missing500 
TOTAL500100.0
98) Thinking about the government funding of religious organizations that provide services to the community, please review the two hypothetical opinions below and indicate which one comes closest to your own: Smith believes religious organizations that provide services to help in the community (e.g., soup kitchens, homeless shelters, etc.) should be just as eligible to receive government funds as non-religious organizations that provide the same kind of services in the community. Jones believes religious organizations that provide services to help in the community should not be eligible to receive government funds because the government should not fund religious organizations. Is your opinion...? (Q620)
TOTAL%
1) Exactly like Smith28028.0
2) Somewhat like Smith37337.3
3) Somewhat like Jones21721.7
4) Exactly like Jones13013.0
TOTAL1000100.0
99) Now, thinking about the government's use of religious symbols and/or language in public displays, please review the two hypothetical opinions below and indicate which one comes closest to your own: Smith believes the government should be able to use religious symbols or language in public displays (statues, murals, etc.), because religion has played an important role in our country's history and culture. Jones believes the government should not be able to use religious symbols or language in public displays (statues, murals, etc.), because such displays are promoting religion and government should not be involved in promoting religion. Is your opinion...? (Q621)
TOTAL%
1) Exactly like Smith20620.6
2) Somewhat like Smith32432.4
3) Somewhat like Jones27527.5
4) Exactly like Jones19519.5
TOTAL1000100.0
100) Let's focus a minute on acts of religious discrimination, where someone is treated differently, is denied service at a store, loses a job, or is penalized by the government because of their religious beliefs or practices. Based on your experience and what you may have seen or heard, which of the following best describes the frequency of this kind of discrimination in the life of a person of faith? (Q720)
TOTAL%
1) These kinds of things never happen767.6
2) These kinds of things almost never happen - maybe even once or twice in a lifetime26626.6
3) These kinds of things are more common than you think - maybe a few times a year47347.3
4) These kinds of things happen all the time - many times over the course of a year18518.5
TOTAL1000100.0
101) How much does faith influence your political beliefs and behaviors? (Q801)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all31531.5
2) A small amount17017.0
3) A moderate amount24324.3
4) A good amount17117.1
5) A top influencing factor10110.1
TOTAL1000100.0
102) How accepted do you feel in society as a person of faith? (Q802)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all203.2
2) A small amount8012.9
3) A moderate amount19932.0
4) A good amount19230.9
5) Completely13121.1
Missing378 
TOTAL622100.0
103) Do you happen to be a member of a church, synagogue, mosque or temple? (Q805)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42742.7
2) No57357.3
TOTAL1000100.0
104) Thinking about before the outbreak of the coronavirus, how often did you attend church, synagogue, mosque or temple? (Q806)
TOTAL%
1) Never31831.8
2) Seldom28028.0
3) About once a month12712.7
4) Almost every week13113.1
5) At least once a week14414.4
TOTAL1000100.0
105) Overall, what type of effect has the COVID-19 pandemic had on your life? (Q807)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative effect11711.7
2) Somewhat negative effect24024.0
3) Just a little negative effect29829.8
4) No positive or negative effect24524.5
5) Just a little positive effect424.2
6) Somewhat positive effect333.3
7) Very positive effect252.5
TOTAL1000100.0
106) How important has faith or religion been to you during the coronavirus outbreak? (Q808)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important26226.2
2) Just a little important12112.1
3) Somewhat important22122.1
4) Very important19319.3
5) Extremely important20320.3
TOTAL1000100.0
107) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Watching my place of worship's services online (Q809R1)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected82382.3
1) Selected17717.7
TOTAL1000100.0
108) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Watching services online not from my usual place of worship (Q809R2)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected84984.9
1) Selected15115.1
TOTAL1000100.0
109) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Reading and studying religious and spiritual texts (Q809R3)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected83783.7
1) Selected16316.3
TOTAL1000100.0
110) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Reading articles and other guidance from religious leaders (Q809R4)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected88788.7
1) Selected11311.3
TOTAL1000100.0
111) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Small group discussions by phone or online video chat (Q809R5)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected91491.4
1) Selected868.6
TOTAL1000100.0
112) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Attending my place of worship in person (Q809R6)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected89289.2
1) Selected10810.8
TOTAL1000100.0
113) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Meeting with people of my faith in-person to worship (Q809R7)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected92392.3
1) Selected777.7
TOTAL1000100.0
114) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Praying at home (Q809R8)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected56556.5
1) Selected43543.5
TOTAL1000100.0
115) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Donating to charities (Q809R9)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected84584.5
1) Selected15515.5
TOTAL1000100.0
116) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - Other (Q809R10)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected98798.7
1) Selected131.3
TOTAL1000100.0
117) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? Please select all that apply. - I have not been practicing a religious faith during the coronavirus outbreak (Q809R11)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected65165.1
1) Selected34934.9
TOTAL1000100.0
118) How, if at all, have you been practicing your faith during the coronavirus outbreak? - Other (Q809R10OE)
119) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people of faith in your social circle - My family (Q815R1)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected42042.0
1) Selected58058.0
TOTAL1000100.0
120) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people of faith in your social circle - My friends (Q815R2)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected53953.9
1) Selected46146.1
TOTAL1000100.0
121) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people of faith in your social circle - My coworkers (Q815R3)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected86286.2
1) Selected13813.8
TOTAL1000100.0
122) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people of faith in your social circle - Other associates (Q815R4)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected91591.5
1) Selected858.5
TOTAL1000100.0
123) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people of faith in your social circle - I don't have any people of faith in my social circle (Q815R5)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected73873.8
1) Selected26226.2
TOTAL1000100.0
124) Which of the following best describes your religious affiliation? (Q140)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant19219.2
2) Evangelical575.7
4) Catholic22122.1
5) The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints343.4
6) Jehovah's Witnesses80.8
7) Orthodox202.0
8) Other Christian11311.3
9) Jewish242.4
10) Muslim151.5
11) Buddhist171.7
12) Hindu40.4
13) Atheist424.2
14) Agnostic (not affiliated with any religion)13613.6
15) Other11711.7
TOTAL1000100.0
125) Are you currently registered to vote? (Q1000)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83383.3
2) No13113.1
3) Not sure363.6
TOTAL1000100.0
126) How much will your faith influence your decision of which candidate to vote for in the 2020 election? (Q1000A)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all36143.3
2) A small amount9711.6
3) A moderate amount13816.6
4) A good amount12715.2
5) A top influencing factor11013.2
Missing167 
TOTAL833100.0
127) When choosing a candidate to vote for in the 2020 election, how important is the candidate's stance on religious freedom? (Q1001)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important20324.4
2) Just a little important12214.6
3) Somewhat important20124.1
4) Very important17320.8
5) Extremely important13416.1
Missing167 
TOTAL833100.0
128) In politics today, do you usually think of yourself as a...? (Q1005)
TOTAL%
1) Republican29629.6
2) Democrat33933.9
3) Independent24424.4
4) Libertarian151.5
5) Something else222.2
6) Not sure494.9
7) Decline to answer353.5
TOTAL1000100.0
129) In politics today, do you generally consider yourself to be Conservative, Moderate, or Liberal on most issues? (Q1015)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative26426.4
2) Moderate39439.4
3) Liberal22122.1
4) Not sure878.7
5) Decline to answer343.4
TOTAL1000100.0
130) Would you say you are very [pipe: Q1015 lower] or just somewhat [pipe: Q1015 lower]? (Q1016)
TOTAL%
1) Very22947.2
2) Somewhat25652.8
Missing515 
TOTAL485100.0
131) Would you say that you lean more toward being a Liberal or more toward being a Conservative? (Q1017)
TOTAL%
1) Lean Liberal8321.1
2) Lean Conservative14637.1
3) Do not lean either way16541.9
Missing606 
TOTAL394100.0
132) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people with different political beliefs in your social circle. - My family (Q1020R1)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected54754.7
1) Selected45345.3
TOTAL1000100.0
133) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people with different political beliefs in your social circle. - My friends (Q1020R2)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected53853.8
1) Selected46246.2
TOTAL1000100.0
134) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people with different political beliefs in your social circle. - My co-workers (Q1020R3)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected77577.5
1) Selected22522.5
TOTAL1000100.0
135) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people with different political beliefs in your social circle. - Other associates (Q1020R4)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected88388.3
1) Selected11711.7
TOTAL1000100.0
136) Please indicate where, if at all, you have people with different political beliefs in your social circle. - I don't have any people with different political beliefs in my social circle (Q1020R5)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected71571.5
1) Selected28528.5
TOTAL1000100.0
137) Which of the following best describes your current employment status? (Q1030)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time33733.7
2) Employed part-time939.3
3) Self-employed585.8
4) Not employed12812.8
5) Retired23823.8
6) Student373.7
7) Stay-at-home spouse or partner888.8
8) Prefer not to answer212.1
TOTAL1000100.0
138) Which of the following best describes your marital status? (Q1035)
TOTAL%
1) Single, never married32732.7
2) Married or civil union42642.6
3) Divorced828.2
4) Separated202.0
5) Widow/widower525.2
6) Living with partner777.7
7) Prefer not to answer161.6
TOTAL1000100.0
139) How many children under the age of 18 live in your household? (Q1040)
TOTAL%
0) 66670.6
1) 13914.7
2) 939.9
3) 293.1
4) 141.5
6) 10.1
12) 10.1
15) 10.1
Missing56 
TOTAL944100.0
140) How many children under the age of 18 live in your household? - Decline to answer (NOANSWERQ1040_N99)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected94494.4
1) Selected565.6
TOTAL1000100.0
141) Hidden question - Presence of children in HH (Q1045)
TOTAL%
1) No children in HH66666.6
2) Children in HH27827.8
3) Decline to answer565.6
TOTAL1000100.0
142) What device are you currently using to take this survey? (Q1050)
TOTAL%
1) PC (Desktop, all-in-one, laptop, convertible)41341.3
2) Tablet (Small tablet, large tablet, detachable)11811.8
3) Smartphone45845.8
4) None of these111.1
TOTAL1000100.0
143) LOI (seconds) (LOI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10001426.8863747
144) I-AGE: Computed age (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2412712.7
2) 25-3417017.0
3) 35-4417117.1
4) 45-5416316.3
5) 55-6417217.2
6) 65+19719.7
TOTAL1000100.0
145) I-EDUC: Last grade of formal education (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school11611.6
2) High school graduate (including equivalency)28228.2
3) Some college or associate degree31731.7
4) Bachelor's degree or higher28528.5
TOTAL1000100.0
146) I-MARITAL: Which of the following best describes your marital status? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Single, never married32733.2
2) Married or civil union42643.3
3) Divorced/Separated/Widowed15415.7
4) Living with partner777.8
Missing16 
TOTAL984100.0
147) I-POLITICS: In politics today, do you usually think of yourself as a...? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Republican29632.3
2) Democrat33937.0
3) Independent24426.6
4) Libertarian/Something else374.0
Missing84 
TOTAL916100.0
148) I-RACE: Combined ethnicity (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) Hispanic16516.5
2) White, non-Hispanic61661.6
3) Black, non-Hispanic12912.9
4) Asian/Multi-race/Other, non-Hispanic909.0
TOTAL1000100.0
149) I-RELIGION: Which of the following best describes your religious affiliation? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (including Evangelical, Other Christian)36236.2
2) Catholic22122.1
3) Atheist/Agnostic17817.8
4) Other (Including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Orthodox, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu)23923.9
TOTAL1000100.0