Single Nation Surveys

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Religion and Civic Engagement in Kenya and Nigeria (2011) - Nigeria (Added: March 26, 2021)

The Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR) is a movement within the Roman Catholic Church that has grown dramatically in many parts of the world over the past three decades, including Sub-Saharan Africa. This survey's aim is to establish the relationship between the CCR and civic engagement in Kenya and Nigeria. This data file focuses on Nigeria. The questionnaires had items relating to religious behavior and beliefs and political attitudes and behaviors. The Kenya file can also be found on the ARDA.

Religion and Civic Engagement in Kenya and Nigeria (2011) - Kenya (Added: March 26, 2021)

The Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR) is a movement within the Roman Catholic Church that has grown dramatically in many parts of the world over the past three decades, including Sub-Saharan Africa. This survey's aim is to establish the relationship between the CCR and civic engagement in Kenya and Nigeria. This data file focuses on Kenya. The questionnaires had items relating to religious behavior and beliefs and political attitudes and behaviors. The Nigeria file can also be found on the ARDA.

Taiwan Social Change Survey 2014, Religion (Added: January 29, 2021)

In the early 1980s, the former National Science Council (now the Ministry of Science and Technology) initiated the Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS), which completed the first national representative survey in 1985. Since 1990, the annual TSCS has consisted of two independent survey modules each year. To facilitate time series comparisons, the TSCS devotes one of the two annual survey modules to repeat major research topics every five years. The other module of the annual survey focuses on other social phenomena that are important to the social sciences and the Taiwanese society alike. All the data collected by the TSCS have been released, free of charge, to the academic community.

The TSCS team also initiates and participates in international comparative surveys. Since 2002, the TSCS has been an active member in both the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the East Asian Social Survey (EASS). All the data collected by the TSCS have been released, free of charge, to the academic community. By the end of 2014, the TSCS series has accumulated 54 survey data sets, which cover behaviors, attitudes, and values of 113,327 respondents. In the wave of the globalization of social surveys, not only will the TSCS continue to cover its major national research agenda, but it also will aim to present and demonstrate the characteristics of Taiwanese social changes by incorporating both ISSP and EASS modules into the surveys. Such a combination of local, regional, and global research interests should preserve the tradition of the TSCS while it expands into the international community. This survey is the fifth year and six wave of Questionnaire II: Religion.

The Religion Questionnaire continues the religion survey in the fifth year and fifth wave in 2009. Because in 2009 the survey adopted Religion Core Questionnaire by ISSP, the originally decided items on religion and culture were not fully included. This wave plans to fill the gaps and the survey is designed according to points listed below. First, although outdated items were removed since the fourth year fifth wave, items recording long term social changes, especially those recording religion and social changes in slow paces should remain. Second, regardless of social structure and individual levels, religion and culture are highly correlated. Topics of this survey includes: 1. Cultures and Values, 2. Religious Globalization, 3. Festivalization, culturalization, and spiritualization of folk religions, 4. Relevant phenomenon of Christian Charismatic Movement, 5. Social participation.

Longitudinal Study of the Second Generation in Spain, Waves 1, 2 and Parent Survey (Added: November 20, 2020)

This data archive provides the first large-scale longitudinal study of children of immigrants (one or both parents born abroad or brought to the host country at or before age five) and immigrant children (the 1.5 generation: older than age five but still in their childhood or adolescence) successfully carried out in Spain, or any Western European country. It was designed to replicate the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study carried out in the United States in the 1990s and early 2000s. For Wave 1, almost 7,000 children of immigrants attending basic secondary school in close to 200 educational centers in both cities took part in the study.

The original survey was conducted in 2007-2008; four years later, the same sample was traced and re-interviewed either at school, via telephone, or through contact in the social media (Facebook and Twitter). Through these means, the research team was able to identify and re-interview 73 percent of the original sample for which retrieval information was available. An additional replacement sample of over 1,500 second generation youths of the same average age as the original respondents was interviewed in the same schools in which the original study took place. Finally, and for comparative purposes, a sample of approximately 1,600 native-parentage Spanish youths was interviewed at the same time.

Together the surveys cover all relevant aspects of adaptation and psycho-social development in late childhood and adolescence, including educational achievement and aspirations; labor market participation, occupation, and income; family structure and inter-generational relations; language knowledge, preferences, and use; friends' national origins and educational plans; national self-identification, self-esteem, and other psychological outcomes, and religion. To supplement the information from immigrant children, the study also conducted a person-to-person survey of 25 percent of their parents in 2010. They were interviewed in Spanish or in their native language. The parental survey is representative of the earlier studies sample, including near identical proportions of all foreign nationalities present in the latter.

Spatial Analysis of Contemporary Religious Diversity in Ukraine (SACRED -- Ukraine), 1991-2018 (Added: August 24, 2020)

After the fall of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became fertile ground for empirical research on religious diversity. Over the past 30 years, several examples illustrate the growing religious pluralism in Ukraine. These include the strong presence of all major Christian denominations (Orthodox, Greek-Catholic, Roman-Catholic and Protestant), the solid influence of the Greek-Catholic church in Western Ukraine, a persisting Baptist presence since the 19th century (i.e., serving as the base for transnational evangelical missions to post-Soviet republics), the rise and growth of Muslim and Jewish communities and the split of the Orthodox church into three independent jurisdictions: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyivan Patriarchate (UOC-KP), and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC). Moreover, in 2019, the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople signed the Tomos, officially recognizing a new Orthodox Church of Ukraine as a canonical autocephalous Orthodox Church within the territory of Ukraine. The goal of this dataset is to map the 30 years of religious resurgence in Ukraine after the fall of the USSR. By measuring and tracking religious supply, this project aims to contribute to the global discussion about its role and state in shaping religious behavior and attitudes of people. Religious supply is also deeply embedded in the history of the Soviet and post-Soviet era; since 2015, religion is associated with political solidarity and international affairs. SACRED-Ukraine includes two files: 1) Religious communities 1991-2015 2) Religious communities 1991-2018 The following dataset attached is the second file. See Spatial Analysis of Contemporary Religious Diversity in Ukraine (SACRED -- Ukraine), 1991-2015 for the first dataset.

Spatial Analysis of Contemporary Religious Diversity in Ukraine (SACRED -- Ukraine), 1991-2015 (Added: August 24, 2020)

After the fall of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became fertile ground for empirical research on religious diversity. Over the past 30 years, several examples illustrate the growing religious pluralism in Ukraine. These include the strong presence of all major Christian denominations (Orthodox, Greek-Catholic, Roman-Catholic and Protestant), the solid influence of the Greek-Catholic church in Western Ukraine, a persisting Baptist presence since the 19th century (i.e., serving as the base for transnational evangelical missions to post-Soviet republics), the rise and growth of Muslim and Jewish communities and the split of the Orthodox church into three independent jurisdictions: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyivan Patriarchate (UOC-KP), and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC). Moreover, in 2019, the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople signed the Tomos, officially recognizing a new Orthodox Church of Ukraine as a canonical autocephalous Orthodox Church within the territory of Ukraine. The goal of this dataset is to map the 30 years of religious resurgence in Ukraine after the fall of the USSR. By measuring and tracking religious supply, this project aims to contribute to the global discussion about its role and state in shaping religious behavior and attitudes of people. Religious supply is also deeply embedded in the history of the Soviet and post-Soviet era; since 2015, religion is associated with political solidarity and international affairs. SACRED-Ukraine includes two files: 1) Religious communities 1991-2015 2) Religious communities 1991-2018 The following dataset attached is the first file. See Spatial Analysis of Contemporary Religious Diversity in Ukraine (SACRED -- Ukraine), 1991-2018 for the second dataset.

Project Canada 2000 (Added: July 24, 2020)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from The University of Lethbridge under the direction of Dr. Reginald Bibby. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005, with complementary surveys of youth in 1984, 1992, 2000, and 2008. Further, in 2015 and 2016, additional adult and youth surveys were completed on-line in partnership with Angus Reid. The survey was the sixth in the Project Canada national adult surveys. It was carried out by mail between approximately April 15 and October 15 of 2000. Reginald W. Bibby was the principal investigator, assisted by Project Manager Reggie Gordon Bibby, Jr. and a number of student research assistants. Project Canada 2000 was comprised of a list of some 1,700 people who had participated in the five previous Project Canada adult surveys (1975 through 1995). Based on previous participation experiences, an additional new sample of some 1,500 people were drawn, with the goal of having a total sample of at least 1,500 people. These 1,729 cases have been weighted for provincial and community size, along with gender and age. In order to minimize the use of large weight factors, the sample again was reduced-to 1,240 cases. So weighted, the sample is highly representative of the Canadian population. A representative sample of this size should be accurate within about four percentage points on most items, 19 times in 20 similar surveys. A major interest of the ongoing national surveys has been to monitor social change and stability. Each survey sample from 1980 through 2005 consisted of (a) a core of people who participated in the previous survey and (b) new participants, who were used to create a full national sample of about 1,500 cases. For example, while the first 1975 survey was a typical cross-sectional survey with 1,917 participants, the Project Canada 1980 sample of 1,482 people included 1,056 who had also been involved in 1975. Various panels can be constructed from the surveys according to the five-year interval desired (e.g.,1975-85, 1980-90, 1990-2000). While no claim is being made that these panels are representative of all Canadians, they do provide intriguing and novel data on the attitudes, outlooks, and behavior of a core of Canadians over the last quarter of the 20th century. The panels can be weighted as deemed necessary by data users.

Project Canada 2005 (Added: July 24, 2020)

The 2005 survey was the seventh in the Project Canada national adult surveys. It was carried out by mail between approximately July 15 and December 15 of 2005. Reginald W. Bibby was the principal investigator, assisted by Project Manager Reggie Gordon Bibby, Jr., Jim Savoy, and a number of student research assistants. The initial Project Canada 2005 sampling frame consisted of a list of 1,729 people who had participated in one or more of the six previous Project Canada adult surveys (1975 through 2000). Previous experiences suggested that as many as 50 percent of these individuals (about 900) would participate once again. To produce an eventual participating sample of at least 1,500 cases, this core was supplemented with an initial new sample of some 1,500 people and a projected 500 participants, resulting in a total 2005 sample of around 1,500 people. In addition, to facilitate comparisons with Alberta in the province's centennial year, Alberta was oversampled to bring its total to around 600 people - permitting generalizations within about +/- four points, 19 times in 20. This involved adding about 400 people beyond the 232 Albertans who had participated in Project Canada 2000 and selecting some 1200 additional people from the province. Our projections were reasonably accurate: the total number of 2005 participants consisted of 2,400 people, including 655 Albertans. With oversampling compressed, the Alberta sample is an appropriate 160 (10 percent), and the total national sample 1,600.

Project Teen Canada 1984 (Added: June 05, 2020)

The Project Teen Canada 1984 national survey is the first in a series of national, bilingual research projects examining the values, attitudes, beliefs, behaviour, and expectations of Canadian teenagers. Based on the Project Canada adult surveys, the project has taken representative samples of Canadian teenagers every eight years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Teen Canada 1992 (Added: June 05, 2020)

The Project Teen Canada 1992 national survey is the second in a series of national, bilingual research projects examining the values, attitudes, beliefs, behaviour, and expectations of Canadian teenagers. Based on the Project Canada adult surveys, the project has taken representative samples of Canadian teenagers every eight years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Teen Canada 2000 (Added: June 05, 2020)

The Project Teen Canada 2000 national survey is the third in a series of national, bilingual research projects examining the values, attitudes, beliefs, behaviour, and expectations of Canadian teenagers. Based on the Project Canada adult surveys, the project has taken representative samples of Canadian teenagers every eight years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Teen Canada 2008 (Added: June 05, 2020)

The Project Teen Canada 2008 national survey is the fourth in a series of national, bilingual research projects examining the values, attitudes, beliefs, behaviour, and expectations of Canadian teenagers. Based on the Project Canada adult surveys, the project has taken representative samples of Canadian teenagers every eight years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

The Comparative Study of Religious Experience in Taiwan (Added: October 29, 2018)

The Comparative Study of Religious Experience in Taiwan was conducted by the Graduate Institute of Religious Studies at National Chengchi University in Taipei, Taiwan, under Yen-zen Tsai. It was funded by the Taiwan National Science Council. The survey includes questions about experiencing extraordinary powers, experiences initiating a new understanding of life, dreams, mysterious feelings and visions, conception and behavior, ideas and beliefs, and personal details. Further information can be obtained from the Survey Research Data Archive.

Culturally Adapted Spiritually Oriented Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Child Survivors of Restavek (Added: August 29, 2018)

Restavek is a form of modern-day slavery that is estimated to affect 300,000 (i.e., approximately 1 in 10) children in Haiti. It typically involves a child from a poor rural family being sent to work as an indentured domestic servant for an affluent urban
family. Restavek children experience a high rate of trauma, as well as other mental health concerns.The present study explored the effectiveness of a culturally adapted form of Spiritually Oriented Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (SO-TF-CBT), a treatment model for assessing and treating religious and spiritual issues within the standard TF-CBT protocol (an evidence-based treatment for childhood trauma). This study involved 20 control participants and 38 treatment participants assigned to a 12-session protocol. The primary research question of the present study is whether a culturally adapted SO-TFCBT intervention, relative to a control, would lead to a reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms among child survivors of Restavek in Haiti. Because SO-TF-CBT also targets potential religious and spiritual issues related to trauma, a secondary research question examined the effects of this intervention on participants' tendencies to experience spiritual struggles. In the interests of better addressing the mental health treatment gap among this population in Haiti, our study also investigated, as a secondary goal, whether this treatment could be effectively delivered by people with less formal mental health training. Specifically, we examined three distinct delivery methods: (a) community-
based lay counselors, (b) NGO staff volunteers, and (c) undergraduate students from a local university.

Pew Survey on Israel's Religiously Divided Society Data Set (Added: September 25, 2017)

Between Oct. 14, 2014, and May 21, 2015, Pew Research Center, with generous funding from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the Neubauer Family Foundation, completed 5,601 face-to-face interviews with non-institutionalized adults ages 18 and older living in Israel.

The survey sampling plan was based on six districts defined in the 2008 Israeli census. In addition, Jewish residents of West Bank (Judea and Samaria) were included.

The sample includes interviews with 3,789 respondents defined as Jews, 871 Muslims, 468 Christians and 439 Druze. An additional 34 respondents belong to other religions or are religiously unaffiliated. Five groups were oversampled as part of the survey design: Jews living in the West Bank, Haredim, Christian Arabs, Arabs living in East Jerusalem and Druze.

Interviews were conducted under the direction of Public Opinion and Marketing Research of Israel (PORI). Surveys were administered through face-to-face, paper and pencil interviews conducted at the respondent's place of residence. Sampling was conducted through a multi-stage stratified area probability sampling design based on national population data available through the Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics' 2008 census.

The questionnaire was designed by Pew Research Center staff in consultation with subject matter experts and advisers to the project. The questionnaire was translated into Hebrew, Russian and Arabic, independently verified by professional linguists conversant in regional dialects and pretested prior to fieldwork.

The questionnaire was divided into four sections. All respondents who took the survey in Russian or Hebrew were branched into the Jewish questionnaire (Questionnaire A). Arabic-speaking respondents were branched into the Muslim (Questionnaire B), Christian (Questionnaire C) or Druze questionnaire (D) based on their response to the religious identification question. For the full question wording and exact order of questions, please see the questionnaire.

Note that not all respondents who took the questionnaire in Hebrew or Russian are classified as Jews in this study. For further details on how respondents were classified as Jews, Muslims, Christians and Druze in the study, please see sidebar in the report titled "How Religious are Defined".

Following fieldwork, survey performance was assessed by comparing the results for key demographic variables with population statistics available through the census. Data were weighted to account for different probabilities of selection among respondents. Where appropriate, data also were weighted through an iterative procedure to more closely align the samples with official population figures for gender, age and education. The reported margins of sampling error and the statistical tests of significance used in the analysis take into account the design effects due to weighting and sample design.

In addition to sampling error and other practical difficulties, one should bear in mind that question wording also can have an impact on the findings of opinion polls.

National Poll on Social Capital (ENCAS) 2006 (Added: February 13, 2015)

The National Poll on Social Capital (ENCAS) is a survey developed by the Secretary of Social Development (SEDESOL) and the United Nations Development Programme in Mexico (UNPD). The objective is to provide information about the social capital of Mexico. Social capital, referring to the norms and social networks that allow collective action, is presumed to be an element that allows greater action power for communities and leads to greater efficiency for public programs through the participation of the citizen in the search for a higher quality of life. For this reason SEDESOL developed a source of data that allows a better understanding of the magnitude of the relationship between social capital, social networks, and collective results.

This study was realized for the first time in 2006 in the urban regions (ENCAS 2006), and in 2011 rural regions were incorporated (ENCAS 2011).

Noordin Top Terrorist Network Data (Added: June 16, 2014)

The Noordin Top Terrorist Network Data were drawn primarily from "Terrorism in Indonesia: Noordin's Networks," a publication of the International Crisis Group, and include relational data on 79 individuals discussed in that publication. The dataset includes information on these individuals' affiliations with terrorist/insurgent organizations, educational institutions, businesses, and religious institutions. It also outlines which individuals are classmates, kin, friends, and co-religionists, and it details which individuals provided logistical support or participated in training events, terrorist operations, and meetings.

National Congregations Study Switzerland, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006, and 2008) (Added: June 16, 2014)

This dataset is the first representative survey of religious congregations in Switzerland. A representative sample of approximately 1,000 Swiss congregations was developed and a leader of each congregation was interviewed, using a standardized questionnaire. The central questions of this survey deal with congregational vitality and what congregations in Switzerland offer concerning worship, social, political and cultural activities.

Study of Mysticism in Chinese Buddhist Monks and Nuns (Added: November 22, 2013)

The social scientific study of mysticism has suggested a mystical experiential core that exists across traditions. Empirical studies have identified this "common core" in traditions such as Christian Protestants, Jews, Hindus, and Persian Muslims. There has been a lack of understanding in the mystical experience among Oriental Buddhism both in its content and in its structure.

The current study explores the phenomenological structure of mystical experience among 139 Chinese Pure Land (i.e., Jingtu) and Chan Buddhist monks and nuns. Semi-structured interviews, thematic coding, and statistical analyses demonstrated that Stace's common facets (i.e., Ego Loss, Timelessness/Spacelessness, Unity, Inner Subjectivity, Positive Affect, Sacredness, Noetic Quality, Ineffability) of mysticism as measured by Hood's Mysticism Scale successfully described Buddhist experience as modified by Buddhist doctrines. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that these facets could be formed into Stace's three-factor structure (i.e., Introvertive Mysticism, Extrovertive Mysticism, Interpretation).

These data contribute to the understanding of religious experience shared by practicing Buddhists, and lend strong support to the thesis that the phenomenology of mystical experience reveals a common experiential core that can be discerned across religious and spiritual traditions. The posted data are quantitative codes of interviews which reflect whether a participant has or has not had a certain mystical experience. Qualitative analyses of specific contents of mystical experiences are available in the published paper.

Caucasus Barometer 2012, Georgia (Added: September 06, 2013)

The Caucasus Research Resource Centers (CRRC) conducts this annual survey in the South Caucasus (e.g., Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) in order to gauge the social, political and economic issues in the former Soviet Union region. In addition to the questions asked in previous rounds, CRRC has included new questions assessing social capital and religious views - the latter were asked in collaboration with ARDA. The same survey and methodological approach is applied to all three countries. However, Armenian respondents were asked additional questions pertaining to the Armenian Genocide and Georgian respondents were asked additional questions about opinions toward Joseph Stalin as part of a project with Carnegie Endowment for International Peace entitled, "The Stalin Puzzle: Deciphering Post-Soviet Public Opinion." This is the only survey in the region providing reliable comparative data about the opinions, household composition, and economic behavior of the population of the three countries over the last nine years.

Caucasus Barometer 2012, Azerbaijan (Added: September 06, 2013)

The Caucasus Research Resource Centers (CRRC) conducts this annual survey in the South Caucasus (e.g., Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) in order to gauge the social, political and economic issues in the former Soviet Union region. In addition to the questions asked in previous rounds, CRRC has included new questions assessing social capital and religious views - the latter were asked in collaboration with ARDA. The same survey and methodological approach is applied to all three countries. However, Armenian respondents were asked additional questions pertaining to the Armenian Genocide and Georgian respondents were asked additional questions about opinions toward Joseph Stalin as part of a project with Carnegie Endowment for International Peace entitled, "The Stalin Puzzle: Deciphering Post-Soviet Public Opinion." This is the only survey in the region providing reliable comparative data about the opinions, household composition, and economic behavior of the population of the three countries over the last nine years.

Caucasus Barometer 2012, Armenia (Added: September 06, 2013)

The Caucasus Research Resource Centers (CRRC) conducts this annual survey in the South Caucasus (e.g., Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) in order to gauge the social, political and economic issues in the former Soviet Union region. In addition to the questions asked in previous rounds, CRRC has included new questions assessing social capital and religious views - the latter were asked in collaboration with ARDA. The same survey and methodological approach is applied to all three countries. However, Armenian respondents were asked additional questions pertaining to the Armenian Genocide and Georgian respondents were asked additional questions about opinions toward Joseph Stalin as part of a project with Carnegie Endowment for International Peace entitled, "The Stalin Puzzle: Deciphering Post-Soviet Public Opinion." This is the only survey in the region providing reliable comparative data about the opinions, household composition, and economic behavior of the population of the three countries over the last nine years.

Taiwan Social Change Survey, 2009 (Added: April 25, 2013)

The Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) tracks the long-term trend of social changes through national representative survey data. Since the first nation-wide survey completed in 1985, this cross-sectional survey project has followed five-year cycles that rotate selective modules. These modules cover various topics including family, religion, stratification, mass communication, and political participation. Many of these surveys carry repetitive modules that have run through up to four cycles of survey operations, which enable researchers to understand social change from longitudinal perspectives. With more than 80,000 face-to-face interviews completed over the past 22 years, the TSCS has become the largest survey series among all of the general social surveys in the world.

The TSCS team also initiates and participates in international comparative surveys. Since 2001, the TSCS has been an active member in both the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the East Asian Social Survey (EASS). In the wave of the globalization of social surveys, not only will the TSCS continue to cover its major national research agenda, but it also will aim to present and demonstrate the characteristics of Taiwanese social changes by incorporating both ISSP and EASS modules into the surveys. Such a combination of local, regional, and global research interests should preserve the tradition of the TSCS while it expands into the international community. This survey is the fifth phase and fifth wave of Questionnaire II: Religion.

Scottish Church Census, 2002 (Added: April 25, 2013)

The second Scottish Church Census was carried out on May 11-12, 2002. Comparable studies have been conducted in Scotland in 1984 and 1994 and in England in 1979, 1989, 1998 and 2005. All were organized and led by Dr Peter Brierley, executive director of the organization Christian Research prior to his retirement in 2007.

The aim of the study was to ascertain the number and frequency of people attending church of all denominations in Scotland in 2002. Several denominational changes had taken place in Scotland since the last census in 1994 (SN 4395) and 1984 (SN 2554). Political changes, with the formation of the Scottish Parliament, had brought about boundary changes for many councils, by which church attendance was previously analyzed. A combination of denomination, political and population changes had necessitated a revision of church attendance. In particular the study was to evaluate if the age structure of churchgoers had altered over the past decade and to establish if the trend in decline in the number of young people attending Sunday worship in England was true of Scotland.

National Survey on Discrimination in Mexico, Religious Minorities (Added: January 25, 2013)

The Secretary of Social Development (SEDESOL) and the National Council to Prevent Discrimination developed the National Survey on Discrimination in Mexico to assess the amount of discrimination in the everyday lives of Mexican citizens. Specifically, SEDESOL wanted to analyze the problem from the perspectives of the general population and from specific vulnerable populations. For this reason, the survey developed seven different questionnaires: a general questionnaire for the general population and six separate questionnaires for targeted vulnerable populations. These targeted vulnerable populations included: a) population of elderly people, b) indigenous population, c) population with non-Catholic religious beliefs, d) female population, e) people with disabilities, and f) individuals with non-heterosexual preferences, which became a case study due to the difficulty covering that specific targeted population.

This dataset examines the responses of 789 individuals with non-Catholic religious beliefs in Mexico. These religious minorities were asked questions regarding the following: general views on discrimination; whether or not they have experienced discrimination based on their religious beliefs; whether or not Catholics have more privileges in society; what action should be taken to prevent religious discrimination; the role of government in preventing discrimination toward religious minorities; the life opportunities of religious minorities; their views on other vulnerable populations; and whether or not discrimination toward religious minorities has changed over the years. The methodology, questionnaire, and responses in the dataset were translated from Spanish into English.

National Survey on Discrimination in Mexico, Elderly Population (Added: January 25, 2013)

The Secretary of Social Development (SEDESOL) and the National Council to Prevent Discrimination developed the National Survey on Discrimination in Mexico to assess the amount of discrimination in the everyday lives of Mexican citizens. Specifically, SEDESOL wanted to analyze the problem from the perspectives of the general population and from specific vulnerable populations. For this reason, the survey developed seven different questionnaires: a general questionnaire for the general population and six separate questionnaires for targeted vulnerable populations. These targeted vulnerable populations included: a) population of elderly people, b) indigenous population, c) population with non-Catholic religious beliefs, d) female population, e) people with disabilities, and f) individuals with non-heterosexual preferences, which became a case study due to the difficulty covering that specific targeted population.

This dataset examines the responses of 761 individuals among the elderly population in Mexico. These individuals were asked questions regarding the following: general views on discrimination; how they feel society generally treats them; whether or not they have experienced discrimination based on their age; what action should be taken to prevent elderly discrimination; the role of government in preventing discrimination towards the elderly population; the life opportunities of the elderly; their views on other vulnerable populations; and whether or not discrimination towards the elderly has changed over the years. The methodology, questionnaire, and responses in the dataset were translated from Spanish into English.

English Church Census, 2005 (Added: October 19, 2012)

The fourth English Church Census was carried out on 8 May 2005. Comparable studies had been conducted in 1979, 1989 and 1998. All were organised and led by Dr Peter Brierley, executive director of the organisation Christian Research prior to his retirement in 2007. The goal of the study was to enumerate a complete census of Trinitarian Christian churches in England and their attendance, along with gathering data on a number of questions relating to age and racial makeup, evangelistic ministries, and mission-related activities. A similar attendance survey in Scotland was conducted in 2002.

Party Variation in Religiosity and Womens Leadership: Lebanon Dataset (Added: October 19, 2012)

These data were collected for a study of how the characteristics of political parties influence women's chances in assuming leadership positions within the parties' inner structures. Data were compiled by Fatima Sbaity Kassem for a case-study of Lebanon and by national and local researchers for 25 other countries in Asia, Africa and Europe. Researchers gathered information about parties' year of origin, number of seats in parliament, political platform, and all sex-disaggregated party data (in percentages) on overall party membership, shares in executive and decision-making bodies, and nominations on electoral lists. A key variable measures party religiosity, which refers to the religious components on their political platforms or the extent to which religion penetrates their political agendas.

Only parties that have at least one seat in the any of the last three parliaments were included. These are referred to as 'relevant' parties. The four data sets combined cover 330 political parties in Lebanon plus 12 other Arab countries (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia, Yemen), seven non-Arab Muslim-majority countries (Albania, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Indonesia, Senegal, Turkey), five European countries with dominant Christian democratic parties (Austria, Belgium, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands), and Israel.

English Church Census, 1989 (Added: September 07, 2012)

The English Church Census, 1989 was carried out on October 15th, 1989 by MARC Europe (this research body ceased to exist and Christian Research was formed out of it). The main aim of the survey was to get details of church attendance in England by denomination, churchmanship, county and environment. Comparable studies have been conducted in 1979, 1998, and 2005.

Typology of Dutch Catholic Parishes, 2003 (Added: May 25, 2012)

This dataset examines characteristics of Dutch Catholic Parishes, including their purpose, activities, participants, target group, visitors, and slogan or motto.

Exceptional Experience Questionnaire (Added: November 29, 2011)

This survey contains measures for exceptional, or paranormal, experiences. Topics include positive spiritual experiences (i.e., being illumined by divine light and strength), negative spiritual experiences (i.e., worldview falling apart), psychopathological experiences (i.e., hearing voices), and visionary dream experiences (i.e., dreaming so vividly that dreams reverberate when awake). Other data include basic demographic characteristics.

Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) and Spirituality, Religiosity Survey (Added: November 29, 2011)

This survey contains measures for examining the effect of spirituality on health. Topics for spirituality and religiosity measures include: spiritual and meditative practice, spiritual experiences, values, forgiveness, private religious practice, religious and spiritual coping, religious support, religious and spiritual history, organized religious practice and preference, meaning. Topics for health measures include: frequency and positivity of exceptional experiences, mindfulness, and current problems. Other data include basic demographic characteristics.

Religion in Italy (Added: August 12, 2011)

This survey examines a variety of religious and non-religious topics in Italy. Religious topics include: morality of behaviors (abortion, theft, divorce, homosexuality, etc.), religious beliefs, the meaning of life, religious experiences, participation in religious rituals, views concerning and participation in sacraments, moral issues surrounding pregnancy, the role of the Catholic Church in society, obstacles to becoming clergy or a monastic, and belief in paranormal phenomena. Other topics include views on Italy's politics and economy, political party, life satisfaction, use of leisure time, geographic region, and demographic characteristics.

Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 2008 (Added: June 27, 2011)

The Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey was launched in the autumn of 1998. Its mission has been to monitor the attitudes and behaviour of people in Northern Ireland during the late 1990s and into the present century, in order to provide a time-series and a public record of how our attitudes and behaviour develop on a wide range of social policy issues. The survey is run on a modular format. Two modules are repeated every year (Political Attitudes and Community Relations), and the rest of the survey varies annually with all the modules designed to be repeated in years to come. The specialty modules for 2008 are Attitudes to Older People, Religious Observance, and Minority Ethnic People.

Each year, more than 30 countries participate in the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), in which the same module of questions is asked cross-nationally. Northern Ireland has taken part in this exercise (via NISA) since 1989. The 1998 module covered religion. Full ISSP datasets can be obtained from the Zentralarchiv in Koln, Germany, where the datasets from the member countries are assembled.

Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 2004 (Added: June 27, 2011)

The Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey was launched in the autumn of 1998. Its mission has been to monitor the attitudes and behaviour of people in Northern Ireland during the late 1990s and into the present century, in order to provide a time-series and a public record of how our attitudes and behaviour develop on a wide range of social policy issues. The survey is run on a modular format. Two modules are repeated every year (Political Attitudes and Community Relations), and the rest of the survey varies annually with all the modules designed to be repeated in years to come. The specialty modules for 2004 are Men's Life and Times, Countryside and Farming, Religious Observance, and Grandparenting and Family Life.

Each year, more than 30 countries participate in the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), in which the same module of questions is asked cross-nationally. Northern Ireland has taken part in this exercise (via NISA) since 1989. The 1998 module covered religion. Full ISSP datasets can be obtained from the Zentralarchiv in Koln, Germany, where the datasets from the member countries are assembled.

Brazil Religion Survey, 2007 (Added: April 25, 2011)

This survey examines religious affiliation, belief, and practice, demographic factors, and views on social issues (divorce, euthanasia, abortion, homosexuality, etc.) in Brazil.

Religious Coping in Iran (Added: March 18, 2011)

The aim of this study was to develop and validate an initial religious coping scale for Iranians based on Kenneth Pargament's religious coping scale (RCOPE). The questionnaire was created using items from the original RCOPE scale and items created by the primary investigator based on Islamic teachings.

Spiritual Life Study of Chinese Residents (Added: October 27, 2010)

The lack of quality data has left academia with an unclear picture of what religious life is like in China. Much of what is known comes from government statistics, anecdotal reports from missionaries and religious organizations, or field research. The objective of this study was to design and collect a state of the art random sample of Chinese citizens and assess their religious and spiritual life. A high quality team of Chinese scholars was assembled for the project. The survey was designed in fall 2006. In the spring of 2007, Dr. Anna Sun led a research team to field test the survey in China. In May 2007 the data were collected. The survey was a face-to-face interview. Respondents were selected using a multi-stage method to select metropolitan cities, towns and administrative villages. The final survey was administered in 56 locales throughout China, including 3 municipal cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing), 6 province capital cities (Guangzhou, Nanjing, Wuhan, Hefei, Xi'an and Chengdu). In addition, 11 regional level cities, 16 small towns, and 20 administrative villages were sampled. Within each locale, households were sampled within neighborhoods, and neighborhoods were sampled within administratively defined total neighborhood committees (government defined collections of neighborhoods). A KISH grid procedure was used to randomly select one respondent from each household for a face-to-face in-home interview.

Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 1998 - Religious Observance Module (Added: September 03, 2010)

The Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey was launched in the autumn of 1998. Its mission has been to monitor the attitudes and behaviour of people in Northern Ireland during the late 1990s and into the present century, in order to provide a time-series and a public record of how our attitudes and behaviour develop on a wide range of social policy issues. The survey is run on a modular format. Two modules are repeated every year (Political Attitudes and Community Relations), and the rest of the survey varies annually with all the modules designed to be repeated in years to come.

Each year, more than 30 countries participate in the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) in which the same module of questions is asked cross-nationally. Northern Ireland has taken part in this exercise (via NISA) since 1989. The 1998 module covered religion. Full ISSP datasets can be obtained from the Zentralarchiv in Koln, Germany, where the datasets from the member countries are assembled.

Taiwan Social Change Survey, 2004 (Added: June 29, 2007)

"The Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) tracks the long-term trend of social changes through national representative survey data. Since the first nation-wide survey completed in 1985, this cross-sectional survey project has followed 5-year cycles that rotate selective modules. These modules cover various topics including family, religion, stratification, mass communication, and political participation. As of 2006, the TSCS had accumulated 37 surveys. Many of these surveys carry repetitive modules that have run through up to four cycles of survey operations, which enable researchers to understand social change from longitudinal perspectives. With more than 80,000 face-to-face interviews completed over the past 22 years, the TSCS has become the largest survey series among all of the general social surveys in the world...

"The TSCS team also initiates and participates in international comparative surveys. Since 2001, the TSCS has been an active member in both the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the East Asian Social Survey (EASS). In the wave of the globalization of social surveys, not only will the TSCS continue to cover its major national research agenda, but it also will aim to present and demonstrate the characteristics of Taiwanese social changes by incorporating both ISSP and EASS modules into the surveys. Such a combination of local, regional, and global research interests should preserve the tradition of the TSCS while it expands into the international community." (Source: Methodology notes provided by Academia Sinica.) This survey is the fourth phase and fifth wave of Questionnaire 2.

Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1994 (Added: June 29, 2007)

"The Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) tracks the long-term trend of social changes through national representative survey data. Since the first nation-wide survey completed in 1985, this cross-sectional survey project has followed 5-year cycles that rotate selective modules. These modules cover various topics including family, religion, stratification, mass communication, and political participation. As of 2006, the TSCS had accumulated 37 surveys. Many of these surveys carry repetitive modules that have run through up to four cycles of survey operations, which enable researchers to understand social change from longitudinal perspectives. With more than 80,000 face-to-face interviews completed over the past 22 years, the TSCS has become the largest survey series among all of the general social surveys in the world...

"The TSCS team also initiates and participates in international comparative surveys. Since 2001, the TSCS has been an active member in both the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the East Asian Social Survey (EASS). In the wave of the globalization of social surveys, not only will the TSCS continue to cover its major national research agenda, but it also will aim to present and demonstrate the characteristics of Taiwanese social changes by incorporating both ISSP and EASS modules into the surveys. Such a combination of local, regional, and global research interests should preserve the tradition of the TSCS while it expands into the international community." (Source: Methodology notes provided by Academia Sinica.) This survey is the second phase and fifth wave of Questionnaire 2.

Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1985 (Added: June 29, 2007)

"The Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) tracks the long-term trend of social changes through national representative survey data. Since the first nation-wide survey completed in 1985, this cross-sectional survey project has followed 5-year cycles that rotate selective modules. These modules cover various topics including family, religion, stratification, mass communication, and political participation. As of 2006, the TSCS had accumulated 37 surveys. Many of these surveys carry repetitive modules that have run through up to four cycles of survey operations, which enable researchers to understand social change from longitudinal perspectives. With more than 80,000 face-to-face interviews completed over the past 22 years, the TSCS has become the largest survey series among all of the general social surveys in the world...

"The TSCS team also initiates and participates in international comparative surveys. Since 2001, the TSCS has been an active member in both the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the East Asian Social Survey (EASS). In the wave of the globalization of social surveys, not only will the TSCS continue to cover its major national research agenda, but it also will aim to present and demonstrate the characteristics of Taiwanese social changes by incorporating both ISSP and EASS modules into the surveys. Such a combination of local, regional, and global research interests should preserve the tradition of the TSCS while it expands into the international community." (Source: Methodology notes provided by Academia Sinica.) The 1985 Taiwan Social Change Survey is the first phase and first wave of Questionnaire 2.

Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1999 (Added: June 15, 2007)

Of the Taiwan Social Change Surveys, this particular survey file is the third phase and fifth wave of Questionnaire 2. "The Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) tracks the long-term trend of social changes through national representative survey data. Since the first nation-wide survey completed in 1985, this cross-sectional survey project has followed 5-year cycles that rotate selective modules. These modules cover various topics including family, religion, stratification, mass communication, and political participation. As of 2006, the TSCS had accumulated 37 surveys. Many of these surveys carry repetitive modules that have run through up to four cycles of survey operations, which enable researchers to understand social change from longitudinal perspectives. With more than 80,000 face-to-face interviews completed over the past 22 years, the TSCS has become the largest survey series among all of the general social surveys in the world.

"The TSCS team also initiates and participates in international comparative surveys. Since 2001, the TSCS has been an active member in both the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the East Asian Social Survey (EASS). In the wave of the globalization of social surveys, not only will the TSCS continue to cover its major national research agenda, but it also will aim to present and demonstrate the characteristics of Taiwanese social changes by incorporating both ISSP and EASS modules into the surveys. Such a combination of local, regional, and global research interests should preserve the tradition of the TSCS while it expands into the international community." (Source: Methodology notes provided by Academia Sinica.)

Project Canada 1975 (Added: February 02, 2000)

Begun in 1975, Project Canada has generated extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion. The project has taken representative samples of Canadians every five years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Canada 1985-95 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1980-85 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1980-95 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1980-90 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1985-90 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1990-95 Panel Study (Added: February 02, 2000)

The Project Canada Research Program has been carried out from the University of Lethbridge. National surveys of adults 18 and over have been conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Adult surveys in 2000 will complete the program. The goal has been to generate extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion.

Project Canada 1995 (Added: February 02, 2000)

This survey was the fifth in the Project Canada adult surveys. Begun in 1975, Project Canada has generated extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion. The project has taken representative samples of Canadians every five years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Canada 1990 (Added: February 02, 2000)

This survey was the fourth in the Project Canada adult surveys. Begun in 1975, Project Canada has generated extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion. The project has taken representative samples of Canadians every five years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Canada 1985 (Added: February 02, 2000)

This survey was the third in the Project Canada adult surveys. Begun in 1975, Project Canada has generated extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion. The project has taken representative samples of Canadians every five years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Project Canada 1980 (Added: February 02, 2000)

Begun in 1975, Project Canada has generated extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion. The project has taken representative samples of Canadians every five years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored. This is the second of these studies.

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