Congregational QuickStats > Raising Hands?
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Did anyone besides the leader raise their hands in praise during the service? (National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019))

Each question was asked of a key informant from the congregation, such as a minister, priest, rabbi, or other staff person or leader.


Raising Hands? (2018-2019)

[Results weighted by WT_ALL4_CONG_DUP]

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Demographic Patterns


Raising Hands? (Demographic Patterns)

 

Raising Hands? by Political Ideology (2018-2019)


More conservativeRight in the middleMore liberalMissingTOTAL
Yes
66.4%
357
66.5%
307
40.8%
73

45
62.5%
737
No
33.6%
181
33.5%
155
59.2%
106

23
37.5%
442
Missing
8
3
1
0
12
TOTAL
100.0%
538
100.0%
462
100.0%
179

68

1179


 


Raising Hands? by Region (2018-2019)


New England or Mid-AtlanticEast North Central or West North CentralSouth Atlantic, East South Central or West South CentralMountain or PacificTOTAL
Yes
50.9%
83
54.6%
161
71.9%
415
58.3%
123
62.8%
782
No
49.1%
80
45.4%
134
28.1%
162
41.7%
88
37.2%
464
Missing
2
6
9
0
17
TOTAL
100.0%
163
100.0%
295
100.0%
577
100.0%
211

1246


 


Raising Hands? by Religious Tradition (2018-2019)


Roman CatholicWhite conservative, evangelical or fundamentalistBlack ProtestantWhite liberal or moderateNon-ChristianTOTAL
Yes
59.7%
46
69.1%
367
96.2%
256
39.2%
102
9.7%
11
62.7%
782
No
40.3%
31
30.9%
164
3.8%
10
60.8%
158
90.3%
102
37.3%
465
Missing
0
9
3
4
0
16
TOTAL
100.0%
77
100.0%
531
100.0%
266
100.0%
260
100.0%
113

1247


 


Raising Hands? by Theology (2018-2019)


More conservativeRight in the middleMore liberalMissingTOTAL
Yes
68.5%
437
66.3%
267
23.9%
34

43
62.4%
738
No
31.5%
201
33.7%
136
76.1%
108

20
37.6%
445
Missing
8
3
1
0
12
TOTAL
100.0%
638
100.0%
403
100.0%
142

63

1183


 


Raising Hands? by Year of Survey


19982006-200720122018-2019TOTAL
Yes
44.5%
546
56.7%
852
59.4%
786
62.7%
781
56.0%
2965
No
55.5%
680
43.3%
650
40.6%
538
37.3%
464
44.0%
2332
Missing
8
5
8
16
37
TOTAL
100.0%
1226
100.0%
1502
100.0%
1324
100.0%
1245

5297



Notes

The National Congregations Study (NCS) dataset fills a void in the sociological study of congregations by providing data that can be used to draw a nationally aggregate picture of congregations. Thanks to innovations in sampling techniques, the 1998 NCS data was the first nationally representative sample of American congregations. Subsequent NCS waves were conducted in 2006-07, 2012, and 2018-19. The 2006-07 NCS sample includes a subset of cases that were also interviewed in 1998. The 2012 NCS includes an oversample of Hispanic congregations. The 2018-19 NCS includes a subset of congregations that also were interviewed in 2012.



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