Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, The

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Denominational Profile


The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia was founded in 1921. A group of bishops not in Russia at the time of the Revolution rejected the new Russian government and organized to continue their life and organization on pre-Revolutionary patterns.

Membership Data

Year Clergy Churches Members
1951 224 91 55,000
1955 168 81 55,000
1994 319 177 -
2003 196 180 480,000
2006 258 190 480,000
2008 269 190 480,000

Data were taken from the National Council of Churches' Historic Archive CD and recent editions of the Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches. The National Council of Churches' data collection was discontinued after the 2012 Yearbook was published, and has been resumed by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). The tables and graphs will be updated when the new collection is available. See the Yearbook of Churches. Denomination descriptions provided by Dr. J. Gordon Melton, Director, Institute for the Study of American Religion (ISAR). [More information on data sources]

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