Single-Item Measures

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Heaven, Existence of

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Date Range:
Geographic Scope
Survey Frame
Sample Type
Survey Mode
Survey Questions
What do you feel will probably happen to you after death? -- (I feel that I will do one of the following): (AFTRDETH)
  TOTAL %
1) Go to purgatory 452 16.3
2) Go to hell 35 1.3
3) Simply stop existing 449 16.1
4) Go to heaven 1,734 62.4
5) Dont know 94 3.4
6) Reincarnation 10 0.4
7) Other 7 0.3
TOTAL2,781100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO THINK THEIR SOUL WILL LIVE ON AFTER DEATH: Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (SOUL2)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes (Believe in heaven) 2,958 87.8
2) No (Dont believe in heaven) 286 8.5
3) Dont know/Refused (Dont know if believe in heaven) 126 3.7
TOTAL3,370100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Q51A [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In Heaven, where people how have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q51A)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 22,934 91.6
2) No 1,457 5.8
8) Dont know 584 2.3
9) Refused 56 0.2
TOTAL25,031100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: sub-Saharan Africa (Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania)
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q35)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 25,775 72.5
2) No 6,275 17.6
3) Other (Vol.) 1,264 3.6
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 2,242 6.3
TOTAL35,556100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


I believe in Heaven where people live with God forever. (RA_11)
  TOTAL %
-7) Refused 2 0.1
-4) Dont know 9 0.3
1) Strongly agree 1,671 64.1
2) Somewhat agree 389 14.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree 318 12.2
4) Somewhat disagree 70 2.7
5) Strongly disagree 146 5.6
TOTAL2,605100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q35)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 246 61.3
2) No 107 26.7
3) Other (Vol.) 18 4.5
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 30 7.5
TOTAL401100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 282 47
2) No 277 46.2
8) Dont know 40 6.7
9) Refused 1 0.2
TOTAL600100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Korea
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 646 99.4
2) No 3 0.5
8) Dont know 1 0.2
9) Refused 0 0
TOTAL650100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Nigeria
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 461 63.5
2) No 252 34.7
8) Dont know 13 1.8
9) Refused 0 0
TOTAL726100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: India
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you believe in heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Yes, definitely 853 62.5
2) Yes, probably 276 20.2
3) No, probably not 117 8.6
4) No definitely not 80 5.9
8) Dont know 33 2.4
9) No answer 6 0.4
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist c. Heaven (Q26C)
  TOTAL %
1) Absolutely 1,077 64.3
2) Probably 300 17.9
3) Probably not 180 10.7
4) Absolutely not 118 7
TOTAL1,675100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 9,671 87.7
2) No 1,179 10.7
8) Dont know 165 1.5
9) Refused 13 0.1
TOTAL11,028100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia.
Frame: Other
Sample: Unknown
Mode: Other


Q23b. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? Heaven (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Absolutely not 133 8.3
2) Probably not 159 9.9
3) Probably 315 19.6
4) Absolutely 1,002 62.3
TOTAL1,609100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


(heaven_w2) I:9. Do you believe in heaven as a place where some people go after death, or not? [INTERVIEWER: IF R SAYS MAYBE, PROBE ONCE. IF HE/SHE STILL SAYS MAYBE, CODE YES.] (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 2,179 97.6
666) Invalid skip 17 0.8
777) Dont know 36 1.6
888) Refused 1 0
TOTAL2,233100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(heaven_w3) I:9. Do you believe in heaven as a place where some people go after death, or not? [INTERVIEWER: IF R SAYS MAYBE, PROBE ONCE. IF HE/SHE STILL SAYS MAYBE, CODE YES.] (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 2,078 98.5
777) Dont know 22 1
888) Refused 4 0.2
999) Legitimate skip 5 0.2
TOTAL2,109100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 559 79.9
2) No 129 18.4
8) Dont know 12 1.7
9) Refused 0 0
TOTAL700100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Brazil, urban areas
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 482 80.3
2) No 95 15.8
8) Dont know 17 2.8
9) Refused 6 1
TOTAL600100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Chile
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you believe in. . . Heaven (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, definitely 776 57.1
2) Yes, probably 275 20.2
3) No, probably not 115 8.5
4) No, definitely not 63 4.6
8) Cant choose 68 5
9) No answer 62 4.6
TOTAL1,359100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 936 93.6
2) No 57 5.7
8) Dont know 7 0.7
9) Refused 0 0
TOTAL1,000100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: The Philippines
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 693 86.6
2) No 75 9.4
8) Dont know 32 4
9) Refused 0 0
TOTAL800100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: South Africa
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 628 85
2) No 90 12.2
8) Dont know 19 2.6
9) Refused 2 0.3
TOTAL739100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you believe in... Heaven (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, definitely 770 60
2) Yes, probably 223 17.4
3) No probably not 90 7
4) No definitely not 75 5.8
8) Cant choose 71 5.5
9) No answer 55 4.3
TOTAL1,284100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 627 95.9
2) No 24 3.7
8) Dont know 3 0.5
9) Refused 0 0
TOTAL654100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Kenya
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 927 92.2
2) No 63 6.3
8) Dont know 13 1.3
9) Refused 2 0.2
TOTAL1,005100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Guatemala
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The religious idea of heaven is not much more than superstition. (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 32 33.3
2) Disagree 25 26
3) Undecided 25 26
4) Agree 7 7.3
5) Strongly Agree 7 7.3
TOTAL96100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Do you believe in an afterlife? (AFTERLIF)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, definitely 395 68.2
2) Sometimes 117 20.2
3) No 67 11.6
TOTAL579100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: California, Florida, Maryland, Michigan, Oklahoma, Utah.
Frame: Other
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: Mailed


ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO NEVER ATTEND CHURCH: Do you believe in heaven? (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 105 76.6
2) No 21 15.3
3) Are not sure 11 8
TOTAL137100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The religious idea of heaven is not much more than superstition. (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 38 39.6
2) Disagree 31 32.3
3) Undecided 16 16.7
4) Agree 6 6.3
5) Strongly Agree 5 5.2
TOTAL96100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The religious idea of heaven is not much more than superstition. (HEAVEN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 25 27.8
2) Disagree 30 33.3
3) Undecided 22 24.4
4) Agree 6 6.7
5) Strongly Agree 7 7.8
TOTAL90100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
  TOTAL %
1) BELIEVE 609 80.9
2) DONT BELIEVE 144 19.1
TOTAL753100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
  TOTAL %
1) BELIEVE 241 66.9
2) DONT BELIEVE 119 33.1
TOTAL360100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
  TOTAL %
1) Believe 795 72.1
2) Dont Believe 308 27.9
TOTAL1,103100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


IF BUDDHIST (Q.16=7), ASK: Do you believe in nirvana, the ultimate state transcending pain and desire in which individual consciousness ends? (Q34A)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 258 62.8
2) No 81 19.7
3) Other (Vol.) 7 1.7
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 65 15.8
TOTAL411100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


IF BUDDHIST (Q.16=7), ASK: Do you believe in nirvana, the ultimate state transcending pain and desire in which individual consciousness ends? (Q34A)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 8 66.7
2) No 2 16.7
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 2 16.7
TOTAL12100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
Afterlife Options: This question type does not ask only about Heaven. Respondents are given the option of multiple afterlife destinations.
Conditions or Characteristics of Heaven: This question type includes certain conditions and/or characteristics of Heaven when asking about Heaven's existence.
Existence of Heaven: This question type asks if the respondent believes in Heaven, but does not ask about the characteristics or qualities of Heaven.
Heaven and Hell: This question type asks about Heaven and Hell in the same item.
Nirvana: This question asks about Nirvana rather than Heaven.

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