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Political Involvement, Extent of

Measures a respondent's level of political engagement, which can be assessed along multiple dimensions such as voting, campaigning, or being informed about political issues


Below are 121 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • MEETING from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Have you ever taken any of the following actions because of something you learned about or discussed on the Web: -- Attended a political meeting or demonstration? (MEETING) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0721 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to a political party during this election year? Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0721) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0912 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [incumbent] SPOKE (VCF0912) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0921 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [challenger] SPOKE (VCF0921) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0930 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [Democratic candidate] SPOKE (VCF0930) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0939 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [Republican candidate] SPOKE (VCF0939) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARCH98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)LEARN MORE
    • (march_98) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (MARCH98) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • POLACT from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)LEARN MORE
    • Y113. In the last TWO years, have you been involved in any political activities, not including student government, such as signing a political petition, attending a political meeting, or contacting an elected official, or not? (POLACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE_EXP from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • IF RESPONDENT SELECTED FOR EXPERIMENTAL VERSION: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? (VOTE_EXP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ATTRALLY from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Here are some forms of political and social action that people can take. Please indicate, for each one, (1) whether you have done any of these things in the past year, (2) have done it in the more distant past, (3) have not done it but might do it, (4) or have not done it and would never, under any circumstances, do it--Attended a political meeting or rally. (ATTRALLY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • POLFUNDS from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Here are some forms of political and social action that people can take. Please indicate, for each one, (1) whether you have done any of these things in the past year, (2) have done it in the more distant past, (3) have not done it but might do it, (4) or have not done it and would never, under any circumstances, do it--Donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity. (POLFUNDS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MEETING from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Have you ever taken any of the following actions because of something you learned about or discussed on the Web: -- Attended a political meeting or demonstration? (MEETING) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W11A2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • This month, you will see questions that you have answered for us before. We are asking some questions again because we would like to know what you think about some of these same issues today. During the coming months, we will continue to ask questions on many different topics. Now that the election is over, our upcoming surveys will be about many other topics. Please answer these questions by telling us how you feel today. Your answers today are just as important as your answers were last month. Thank you for continuing to participate in this important research with us. The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held on November 4. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held on November 4, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W11A2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1A2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1A2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses / primary elections / caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [STATE]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses / primary elections / caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1B9 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucus / primary / caucus or primary] that was held in [STATE] on [DATE]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucus / primary / caucus or primary], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1B9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2AB2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W2AB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2B12 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential (caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election) that were held recently in (state). In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent (primary/caucus/caucus and primary election), and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. [STATE] recently held [caucuses/primary elections/a caucus and primary election] — citizens voted to help decide which candidate from each political party will run in next Novembers election for President of the United States. During the months leading up to the [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], did you ever plan to vote in a [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], or didnt you plan to do that? (W2B12) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2B14 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential (caucus/primary/caucus and primary election) that (was/were) held in (state) on (date). In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent (primary/caucus/caucus and primary election), and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. [STATE] held a [caucus / primary election / caucus or primary election] on [DATE] — citizens voted to help decide which candidate from each political party will run in next Novembers election for President of the United States. During the months leading up to the [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], did you ever plan to vote in the [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], or didnt you plan to do that? (W2B14) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W2B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6AB2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6AB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6B9 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6B9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6Y8 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • In the future, how likely are you to attend a meeting to talk about political or social concerns? (W6Y8) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6Y9 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • In the future, how likely are you to invite someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns? (W6Y9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W9AB2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W9AB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W9B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W9B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085036A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted (V085036A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085183 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it wont make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale in the booklet, (where one means that voting wont make any difference to what happens and five means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself? {INTERVIEWER: DO NOT PROBE DONT KNOW} (V085183) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085196 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • IF R VOTED FOR MAJOR PARTY PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE/IF R VOTED FOR OTHER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: In the 2008 Presidential election, did you consider voting for any candidates other than [-NAME OF CANDIDATE FOR WHOM R VOTED-/the candidate you voted for]? {INTERVIEWER: DO NOT PROBE DONT KNOW} (V085196) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GIVPOL from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • In which, if any, of the fields listed on this card have you and the members of your family or household contributed some money or other property in 1995? J. Political organizations or campaigns (GIVPOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TOTPOL from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Approximately how much money or the cash equivalent of property have you contributed in each of the fields listed above in the past twelve months? J. Political organizations or campaigns (TOTPOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SA_MEET from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006LEARN MORE
    • About how many times in the past twelve months have you attended any public meeting in which there was discussion of local government issues, or school or other community affairs? (SA_MEET) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE94 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • In the 1994 elections for Congress last November, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE94) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • In this past years presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE2004 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE2004) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SWING08 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Vote preference in 2008 (See Note 5: SWING08 Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (SWING) (SWING08) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF BORN IN U.S./PUERTO RICO/U.S. TERRITORY (Q.60=1,3,4) OR U.S. CITIZEN (Q.61=1), ASK: In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTA from Muslim American Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • [IF U.S. BIRTH AND YES CITIZEN] In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept your from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTA) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE2 from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • IF RESPONDENT SELECTED FOR VERSION 2 OF VOTE TURNOUT QUESTION: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? (VOTE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE3 from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November? VERSION 2: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? SUMMARY: RESPONDENT 2002 ELECTION TURNOUT (VOTE3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VREGSUM from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • VERSION 1: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November? / VERSION 2: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? Were you registered to vote in this election? -- SUMMARY: respondent vote/registration status (VREGSUM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTING from Generation Next Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF AGE less than 26) Now thinking about your generation compared with young adults 20 years ago, for each of the things I mention please tell me if you think your generation does more of it, less of it, OR about the same amount as young adults 20 years ago did: Voting in elections (VOTING) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF BORN IN U.S./PUERTO RICO/U.S. TERRITORY (Q.60=1,3,4) OR U.S. CITIZEN (Q.61=1), ASK: In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • I9VOTE from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Please tell me how much you think each of the following would help to improve things in this country. How about . . . i. if people were more involved in voting and politics? Would that help a lot, somewhat, only a little or not at all? (I9VOTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • R9VOTE from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • We all know that Americans have certain rights, such as the right to free speech and to a free public education. Now Id like you to consider what obligations or responsibilities, if any, we have towards others. For each of the following, do you feel it is an absolutely essential obligation for us as Americans, a very important obligation, a somewhat important obligation, or is it entirely a matter of personal preference? I. Voting in elections (R9VOTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CP3 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • What are the chances of your voting in the election for President this year: are you almost certain to vote, will you probably vote, are the chances 50-50, or dont you think you will vote? (CP3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT1 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a religious political organization or candidate (RELALT1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT2 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a non-religious political organization or candidate (RELALT2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT21 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate (RELALT21) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT22 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate (RELALT22) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE04 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE04) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CAMP_OTH from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF WEBACCSS= 1 YES] Have you participated in any other campaign-related activities using the Internet, such as reading discussion groups, signing petitions, or donating money? (CAMP_OTH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLINDOLE from Campaign 2000 Typology SurveyLEARN MORE
    • Thinking back to the 1996 presidential election, when Clinton ran against Dole and Perot, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (CLINDOLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACTGIVE1 from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACTGIVE2 from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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