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Racial Diversity, Extent of

Measures the racial diversity within a respondent's religious group


Below are 58 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • WORSHIP2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF NO (WORSHIP1): About what percent of the people at the service you normally attend are [Rs ethnicity]? (03, 10) (WORSHIP2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONGAFAM from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. Approximately what percent of the congregation is African American? (CONGAFAM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONGASIA from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. Approximately what percent of the congregation is Asian American? (CONGASIA) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONGHISP from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. Approximately what percent of the congregation is Hispanic American? (CONGHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: Do (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • Asked about opposite race: Do (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GF7ETHDV from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Different words and images generate different feelings in people, both positive and negative. On a scale from plus 5 all the way down to minus 5, where plus 5 indicates a very positive feeling, minus 5 indicates a very negative feeling, and 0 indicates a neutral feeling, please rate your initial response to each of the following phrases. Does it give you a good feeling, a bad feeling, or neither? G. Ethnic diversity (GF7ETHDV) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DIVERSE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • How well does each of the following statements describe your congregation? Our congregation is trying to increase its racial/ethnic diversity. (DIVERSE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PRESEVE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • How well does each of the following statements describe your congregation? Our congregation has a strong racial/ethnic or national heritage that it is trying to preserve. (PRESEVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • Asked in terms of opposite race: Do [(Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites] attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WORSHIP2 from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • IF NO (WORSHIP1): About what percent of the people at the service you normally attend are [Rs ethnicity]? (WORSHIP2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MAKEUP from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • Though hard to know for sure, would you say that [respondents race] make up more than 80 percent of the worship service that you normally attend at your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]? (MAKEUP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OTHERETH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • [Ask only of non-whites, as trying to see if in multiethnic congregation even if not in a multiracial congregation.] In addition to your own ethnic group, are there any other ethnic groups represented in the worship service that you normally attend? (OTHERETH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACECHUR from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • [If ATTEND=4-7] Now think about the people, if any, that you have frequent contact with, and enjoy being around in your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]. With these people in mind, how many [respondents race] are among these people? (RACECHUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RESPRACE from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • About what percent of the people at the worship service that you normally attend would you say are [respondents race]? (RESPRACE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PCNTRSRC from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED IF WSHPRACE=LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 80% ONLY] About what percent of the people who attend the same worship service that you normally attend would you say are [Rs race, taken from RACE94]? (PCNTRSRC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MIXCHR from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Do any people who are not the same race as you attend your church or place of worship? [NOT ASKED IF RESPONDENT SAID HE/SHE NEVER ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES IN RELIG, OR REFUSED TO ANSWER RELIG] (MIXCHR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Asked about opposite race: Do (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Asked about opposite race: Do (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONG10S2 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986LEARN MORE
    • In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregations members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Race (CONG10S2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONG10S3 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986LEARN MORE
    • In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregations members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Ethnic background (CONG10S3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONGSIM2 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986LEARN MORE
    • Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregations immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Race (CONGSIM2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONGSIM3 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986LEARN MORE
    • Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregations immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Ethnic background (CONGSIM3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PCNTRSRC from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS IF WSHPRACE LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 80% ONLY] About what percent of the people who attend the same worship service that you normally attend would you say are [Rs race, from RACE94, or the same race as you if RACE94 =other]? (PCNTRSRC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WSHPRACE from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED RELIG599=ABOUT ONCE A MONTH, OR 2 TO 3 TIMES A MONTH, OR NEARLY VERY WEEK, OR EVERY WEEK OR SEVERAL TIMES A WEEK] Though hard to know for sure, would you say that [people of Rs race] make up more than 80% or less than 80% of the worship service you normally attend at your place of worship? (WSHPRACE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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