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Atheists, View of

Does the respondent have a positive or negative view of atheists? This could include their willingness to allow atheists to participate in society (e.g., teach in school, be elected President, etc.) or more general questions about whether they have a favorable view of atheists.


Below are 73 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • Q40B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q40 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about the educational system and the media..b. An atheist should be allowed to teach at a high school (Q40B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your city/town/community against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your city/town/community against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . B. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . A. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GRPATHST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God? (GRPATHST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6YA55_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF W6YA54=1] Do you feel (extremely warm, moderately warm, or a little warm / a little warm, moderately warm, or extremely warm) toward atheists? (W6YA55_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6YA56_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF W6YA54=2] Do you feel (extremely cold, moderately cold, or a little cold / a little cold, moderately cold, or extremely cold) toward atheists? (W6YA56_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085065H from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • How would you rate: Atheists? (V085065H) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPRELGR7 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • Now thinking about some specific religious groups... Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (OPRELGR7) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELCAN1D from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF FORM=1 FORM 1] Between now and the 2004 political conventions, there will be discussion about the qualifications of presidential candidates - their education, age, religion, race, and so on. If your party nominated a generally well-qualified person for president who happened to be An atheist, would you vote for that person? (RELCAN1D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELCAN2D from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF DQFORM=2 FORM 2] Between now and the 2004 political conventions, there will be discussion about the qualifications of presidential candidates - their education, age, religion, race, and so on. Are there any reasons why you might not vote for an Atheist for president if he or she were nominated by the party you usually prefer? (RELCAN2D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELATHEI from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Now thinking about some specific religious groups… Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (RELATHEI) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPATHSTS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • Is your overall opinion of Atheists (that is, people who dont believe in God) very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (OPATHSTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QN14_H from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American ReligionLEARN MORE
    • Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_H) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FAVATHST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001LEARN MORE
    • Now Id like your views on some specific religious groups. Is your overall opinion of atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (FAVATHST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INCATH2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO COMPLETED FORM 1 AND THINK THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN THE U.S WHO ARE ATHIESTS OR DONT BELIEVE IN GOD IS INCREASING (1 for INCATH1). Does the increase in the number of people in the U.S. who are atheists or who dont believe in God sometimes bother you, or not? (INCATH2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ATHEIS_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (Q141F) (ATHEIS_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DATH_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Is there a lot of discrimination against Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, or not? (Q170D) (DATH_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1976LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1976LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1976LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Here are some groups and organizations that have been in the news. Please tell me how close you feel to each of them: very close, close, neutral, far, very far, or dont know enough about the group or organization to say. -- Atheists. (CLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NEIATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • I am going to name various groups of people. Please tell me whether or not you would like to have these groups as neighbors, if it wouldnt make any difference to you, or if you would prefer not to have them as neighbors. -- Atheists. (NEIATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPATHEIS from Campaign 2000 Typology SurveyLEARN MORE
    • Now Id like your opinion of some religious groups. Would you say your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (OPATHEIS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FAVATHST from Mid-November Survey, 2001LEARN MORE
    • For the following group or organization, please indicate which category best describes your overall opinion of that group or organization. Would you say your overall opinion of atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (FAVATHST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELPWR1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE ARE RELIGIOUS GROUPS IN AMERICA WHO HAVE TOO MUCH POWER AND INFLUENCE: Which religious groups have too much power and influence? First mention (RELPWR1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • THRETGP1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE IS A RELIGIOUS OR OTHER GROUP IN THE UNITED STATES THAT IS A THREAT TO DEMOCRACY: What are these groups? First mention (THRETGP1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COLATH from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FSTATHST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • Now we would like you to read each of the following characteristics and assume for each that it is the only thing you know about a person, and decide what your immediate reaction would be. -- First impression of an atheist (FSTATHST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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