Single-Item Measures

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Minorities, Government Programs

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Geographic Scope
Survey Frame
Sample Type
Survey Mode
Survey Questions
Q37k. To what extent do you agree or disagree that the federal government should improve the standard of living for ethnic minorities? (IMPROVE)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 200 12.6
2) Disagree 407 25.6
3) Agree 581 36.5
4) Strongly agree 211 13.3
8) Undecided 191 12
TOTAL1,590100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


There are different opinions about peoples rights in a democracy. On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 is not at all important and 7 is very important, how important is it--That government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities. (RGHTSMIN)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all important 19 1.3
2) 18 1.2
3) 33 2.2
4) 77 5.2
5) 178 12.1
6) 234 15.9
7) Very important 897 60.9
8) Cant choose 10 0.7
9) No answer 6 0.4
TOTAL1,472100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Government should do more to help minorities increase their standard of living. (AMA_6)
  TOTAL %
-7) Refused 34 1.3
-4) Dont know 14 0.5
1) Strongly disagree 420 16.1
2) Somewhat disagree 378 14.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree 617 23.7
4) Somewhat agree 583 22.4
5) Strongly agree 558 21.4
TOTAL2,604100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


We should make every possible effort to improve the position of blacks and other minorities, even if it means giving them preferential treatment. (Q10L) (DTPRFBL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 2,471 8.6
2) Mostly agree 5,681 19.8
3) Mostly disagree 10,633 37
4) Completely disagree 8,944 31.1
9) Dont know/Refused 1,014 3.5
TOTAL28,743100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. We should make every possible effort to improve the position of blacks and other minorities, even if it means giving them preferential treatment. (PREFBLCK)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 209 10.4
2) Mostly agree 462 23.1
3) Mostly disagree 664 33.1
4) Completely disagree 583 29.1
9) Dont know/Refused 86 4.3
TOTAL2,004100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In general, when you think about the current laws and regulations to protect the following, do they go too far, strike about the right balance, or not go far enough? The rights of minorities. (MINORITY)
  TOTAL %
1) Go too far 98 23.2
2) Strike about the right balance 147 34.8
3) Dont go far enough 137 32.5
4) Dont know/No answer 40 9.5
TOTAL422100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Blacks and other minorities need special government help to achieve an equal place in America. (Q16LCHURCH) (MINOR_C)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly approve 33 1.5
2) Approve 252 11.7
3) Neutral 709 33
4) Disapprove 930 43.3
5) Strongly disapprove 224 10.4
TOTAL2,148100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Blacks and other minorities need special government help to achieve an equal place in America. (Q16LYOU) (MINOR_U)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly approve 235 10.7
2) Approve 940 42.6
3) Neutral 457 20.7
4) Disapprove 472 21.4
5) Strongly disapprove 102 4.6
TOTAL2,206100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements. L. Blacks and other minorities may need special government help to achieve an equal place in America. (V19LGOVH)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 123 8.3
2) Agree 489 32.9
3) Not sure/neutral 442 29.7
4) Disagree 341 22.9
5) Strongly disagree 92 6.2
TOTAL1,487100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Where would you place THE REPUBLICAN PARTY on this issue? [R PLACEMENT OF REPUBLICAN PARTY ON AID TO BLACKS SCALE: FTF INTERVIEW] (REPS BAF)
  TOTAL %
0) NA; INAP 0 0
1) GOVT SHOULD HELP BLACKS 15 1.5
2) 19 1.9
3) 66 6.6
4) 186 18.5
5) 218 21.7
6) 196 19.5
7) BLACKS SHOULD HELP THEMSELVES 116 11.5
8) DONT KNOW 186 18.5
9) REFUSED 4 0.4
TOTAL1,006100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


What about THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY? (Do you think THEY feel that government should make every effort to improve the social and economic position of blacks, or that government should not make any special effort to help blacks because they should help themselves?) [R PLACEMENT OF DEMOCRATIC PARTY ON AID TO BLACKS SCALE: TELEPHONE INTERVIEW] (DEMS BAP)
  TOTAL %
0) NA; INAP 0 0
1) GOVT SHOULD HELP BLACKS 437 54.6
5) BLACKS SHOULD HELP THEMSELVES 112 14
7) OTHER/IT DEPENDS/NEITHER 26 3.2
8) DONT KNOW 220 27.5
9) REFUSED 6 0.7
TOTAL801100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Do you think the Democratic Party is or is not committed to equal opportunity for minorities? [INTERVIEWER NOTE: Rotate order with REPMINOR]. (DEMMINOR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, is committed 933 77.4
2) No, is NOT committed 220 18.3
8) DK/No opinion 52 4.3
TOTAL1,205100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think the Republican Party is or is not committed to equal opportunity for minorities? [INTERVIEWER NOTE: Rotate order with DEMMINOR]. (REPMINOR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, is committed 721 59.9
2) No, is NOT committed 436 36.2
8) DK/No opinion 46 3.8
TOTAL1,203100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Regardless of who you support, which one of the Presidential candidates - Al Gore or George W. Bush - do you think would do the best job of improving conditions of minority groups? (JOBMINOR)
  TOTAL %
1) Al Gore 1,480 51.7
2) George W. Bush 798 27.9
3) Neither (VOL.) 121 4.2
9) Dont know/refused 462 16.1
TOTAL2,861100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASK ONLY IF PARTY= 2 DEMOCRAT OR PARTYLEAN= 2 DEMOCRAT]How good a job is the Democratic Party doing these days in standing up for its traditional positions on such things as protecting the interests of minorities, helping the poor and needy, and representing working people - would you say the Party is doing an excellent job, a good job, only a fair job or a poor job? (DEMTRAD)
  TOTAL %
1) Excellent 222 4.8
2) Good 1,516 32.8
3) Only fair 2,374 51.4
4) Poor 406 8.8
9) Dont know/Refused 100 2.2
TOTAL4,618100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards; they are at point 1. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. 260 7.9
2) 2 266 8.1
3) Agree with both 995 30.4
4) 4 628 19.2
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans. 1,007 30.7
8) Dont know 104 3.2
9) No answer 17 0.5
TOTAL3,277100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards; they are at point 1. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to blacks/negroes/African-Americans; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards 245 7.6
2) 2 254 7.9
3) Agree with both 958 29.7
4) 4 635 19.7
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans 1,033 32
8) Dont know 91 2.8
9) No answer 15 0.5
TOTAL3,231100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards; they are at point 1. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to blacks/negroes/African-Americans; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards 245 7.8
2) 2 254 8.1
3) Agree with both 958 30.7
4) 4 635 20.3
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans 1,033 33.1
TOTAL3,125100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards; they are at point 1. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to blacks/negroes/African-Americans; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards 245 7.6
2) 2 254 7.9
3) Agree with both 958 29.7
4) 4 635 19.7
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans 1,033 32
8) Dont know 91 2.8
9) No answer 15 0.5
TOTAL3,231100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards; they are at point 1. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. 218 9.1
2) 2 195 8.2
3) Agree with both 777 32.5
4) 4 449 18.8
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans. 658 27.5
8) Dont know 84 3.5
9) No answer 9 0.4
TOTAL2,390100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards; they are at point 1. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. 260 7.9
2) 2 266 8.1
3) Agree with both 995 30.4
4) 4 628 19.2
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans. 1,007 30.7
8) Dont know 104 3.2
9) No answer 17 0.5
TOTAL3,277100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Scale on government helping blacks: 1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks; To 5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment. (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 76 8.3
2) 2 72 7.9
3) Agree with both 282 30.9
4) 4 177 19.4
5) No special treatment 283 31
8) Dont know 20 2.2
9) No answer 2 0.2
TOTAL912100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK_1) (HLPBLK_1)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Government help 62 8.6
2) 2 53 7.4
3) Agree with both 254 35.4
4) 4 122 17
5) No special treatment 208 29
8) Dont know 17 2.4
9) No answer 2 0.3
TOTAL718100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK_2) (HLPBLK_2)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Government help 83 8.1
2) 2 83 8.1
3) Agree with both 337 33
4) 4 196 19.2
5) No special treatment 286 28
8) Dont know 33 3.2
9) No answer 3 0.3
TOTAL1,021100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that African Americans have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK_3) (HLPBLK_3)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Government help 60 7.1
2) 2 56 6.6
3) Agree with both 245 28.8
4) 4 176 20.7
5) No special treatment 278 32.7
8) Dont know 29 3.4
9) No answer 6 0.7
TOTAL850100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people feel that the government in Washington should make every effort to improve the social and economic position of blacks. (Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 1.) Others feel that the government should not make any special effort to help blacks because they should help themselves. (Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.) And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or havent you thought much about this? (GOVBLACK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government should help blacks 95 7.8
2) 63 5.2
3) 97 8
4) 275 22.7
5) 175 14.4
6) 191 15.8
7) Blacks should help themselves 177 14.6
80) Havent thought much about this 111 9.2
88) Dont know 11 0.9
89) Refused 17 1.4
TOTAL1,212100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Scale on government helping blacks: 1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks; TO 5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment. (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 66 7.5
2) 2 62 7.1
3) Agree with both 278 31.7
4) 4 158 18
5) No special treatment 295 33.7
8) Dont know 12 1.4
9) No answer 5 0.6
TOTAL876100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now look at CARD BF. Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 209 10.5
2) 2 147 7.4
3) Agree with both 662 33.3
4) 4 365 18.4
5) No special treatment 565 28.4
8) Dont know 37 1.9
9) No answer 4 0.2
TOTAL1,989100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Scale on government helping blacks: 1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks; To 5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment. (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 176 9.3
2) 2 173 9.1
3) Agree with both 598 31.5
4) 4 361 19
5) No special treatment 492 25.9
8) Dont know 81 4.3
9) No answer 15 0.8
TOTAL1,896100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) 1 Government help 139 10.1
2) 2 138 10.1
3) 3 Agree with both 452 32.9
4) 4 220 16
5) 5 No special treatment 374 27.3
8) Dont know 46 3.4
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,372100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) 1 Government help 155 8.1
2) 2 163 8.5
3) 3 Agree with both 552 28.7
4) 4 443 23
5) 5 No special treatment 539 28
8) Dont know 63 3.3
9) No answer 10 0.5
TOTAL1,925100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Scale on government helping blacks: 1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks; To 5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment. (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 74 7.4
2) 2 99 9.9
3) Agree with both 285 28.6
4) 4 172 17.3
5) No special treatment 333 33.4
8) Dont know 30 3
9) No answer 4 0.4
TOTAL997100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). A. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 104 10.2
2) 2 113 11.1
3) Agree with both 311 30.6
4) 4 189 18.6
5) No special treatment 264 26
8) Dont know 32 3.1
9) No answer 4 0.4
TOTAL1,017100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Since our founding, different levels of our government have had different responsibilities. For each of the following, I want you to tell me whether you think it should be mainly the responsibility of the federal government in Washington, the state government in [respondents state], your local government, or private organizations. Or do you think it should be mainly left up to individuals? B. Ensuring fair treatment of women and minorities (L2FAIR)
  TOTAL %
1) Federal government 1,187 67.5
2) State government 313 17.8
3) Local government 127 7.2
4) Private organizations 46 2.6
5) Individuals 85 4.8
TOTAL1,758100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Scale on government helping blacks: 1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks; To 5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment. (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 124 6.5
2) 2 194 10.2
3) Agree with both 591 30.9
4) 4 399 20.9
5) No special treatment 526 27.5
8) Dont know 70 3.7
9) No answer 7 0.4
TOTAL1,911100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Scale on government helping Blacks: 1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help Blacks; to 5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment. (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Government help 164 8.2
2) 2 146 7.3
3) Agree with both 584 29
4) 4 465 23.1
5) No special treatment 581 28.9
8) Dont know 60 3
9) No answer 11 0.5
TOTAL2,011100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now look at CARD BF. Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale, or havent you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks 75 7.1
2) 2 105 9.9
3) I agree with both answers 333 31.5
4) 4 217 20.5
5) I strongly agree that government shouldnt give special treatment 290 27.4
8) Dont know 30 2.8
9) No answer 7 0.7
TOTAL1,057100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
Approval: This question type asks if the respondent approves of government programs to help minorities.
Need Help: This question type asks respondents if minorities need help to achieve equality.
Political Parties: This question type asks the respondents their opinion regarding how particular political parties or candidates handle minority issues.
Responsibility: Does the government have a responsibility to help minorities?

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