Single-Item Measures

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Political Involvement, Extent of

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Date Range:
Geographic Scope
Survey Frame
Sample Type
Survey Mode
Survey Questions
Q43 In the year leading up to the 2004 presidential election, did you...attend a political rally or meeting (Q43E)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 336 19.8
2) No 1,358 80.2
TOTAL1,694100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Have you ever taken any of the following actions because of something you learned about or discussed on the Web: -- Attended a political meeting or demonstration? (MEETING)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 46 13
2) No 263 74.3
9) No answer 45 12.7
TOTAL354100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


P13B. In the last 12 MONTHS, have you (or your spouse/partner): [INSERT LIST A-D] Attended a political meeting or rally? (PACTATT)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 634 98.4
777) Dont know 9 1.4
888) Refused 1 0.2
TOTAL644100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Youth
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Y113. In the last TWO years, have you been involved in any political activities, not including student government, such as signing a political petition, attending a political meeting, or contacting an elected official, or not? (POLACT)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 399 95.5
777) Dont know 16 3.8
888) Refused 3 0.7
TOTAL418100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Youth
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Did you go to any political meetings, rallies, (1984 AND LATER: speeches,) (1978, 1980, 1982: fund raising) dinners, or things like that (1984 AND LATER: in support of a particular candidate)? (VCF0718)
  TOTAL %
0) DK; NA; no Post IW; form III, IV (1972); abbrev. telephone interview (1984) 0 0
1) No 36,669 92.6
2) Yes 2,942 7.4
TOTAL39,611100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [incumbent] SPOKE (VCF0912)
  TOTAL %
0) No incumbent candidate running; no contact; only contact mentioned is an unspecified other 0 0
1) Yes 1,522 11.7
5) No 9,248 71
9) NA if contact made (9 in VCF0910); NA VCF0911-917; no Post IW; Washington D.C.; telephone IW (1984); short form IW (1992) 2,256 17.3
TOTAL13,026100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [challenger] SPOKE (VCF0921)
  TOTAL %
0) Incumbent candidate unopposed or not running; no contact; only contact mentioned is an unspecified other; challenger not in major party 0 0
1) Yes 217 3.4
5) No 3,781 60.1
9) NA if contact made (9 in VCF0919); NA VCF0920-926; no Post IW; Washington D.C.; telephone (1984); short form IW (1992) 2,296 36.5
TOTAL6,294100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [Democratic candidate] SPOKE (VCF0930)
  TOTAL %
0) No Democratic candidate running; no contact; only contact mentioned is an unspecified other 0 0
1) Yes 1,210 10.1
5) No 8,475 70.8
9) NA if contact made (9 in VCF0928); NA VCF0929-935; no Post IW; Washington D.C.; telephone IW (1984); short form IW (1992) 2,292 19.1
TOTAL11,977100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Which ones? RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE [Republican candidate] SPOKE (VCF0939)
  TOTAL %
0) No Republican candidate running; no contact; only contact mentioned is an unspecified other 0 0
1) Yes 707 7.4
5) No 6,531 68.3
9) NA if contact made (9 in VCF0937); NA VCF0938-944; no Post IW; Washington D.C.; telephone IW (1984); short form IW (1992) 2,330 24.4
TOTAL9,568100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Did you wear a campaign button, put a campaign sticker on your car, or place a sign in your window or in front of your house? (BUTTON)
  TOTAL %
0) NA; INAP 0 0
1) YES 156 10
5) NO 1,398 89.9
8) DK 1 0.1
TOTAL1,555100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Here are some forms of political and social action that people can take. Please indicate, for each one, (1) whether you have done any of these things in the past year, (2) have done it in the more distant past, (3) have not done it but might do it, (4) or have not done it and would never, under any circumstances, do it--Attended a political meeting or rally. (ATTRALLY)
  TOTAL %
1) Have done it in the past year 183 12.4
2) Have done it in the more distant past 293 19.9
3) Have not done it but might do it 585 39.7
4) Have not done it and would never do it 406 27.6
8) Cant choose 1 0.1
9) No answer 4 0.3
TOTAL1,472100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Did you go to any political meetings, rallies, speeches, dinners, or things like that in support of a particular candidate? (MEET_ATT)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 81 7.6
5) No 985 92.4
TOTAL1,066100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Have you ever taken any of the following actions because of something you learned about or discussed on the Web: -- Attended a political meeting or demonstration? (MEETING)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 26 7.1
2) No 253 69.5
9) No answer 85 23.4
TOTAL364100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


During the past twelve months, have you attended a political rally or meeting? (RALLY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 785 14
2) No 4,814 85.9
3) Dont know/refused 4 0.1
TOTAL5,603100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In 1994, did you go to any political meetings, rallies, speeches, dinners, or things like that in support of a particular candidate? (POLMTG94)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 327 7.8
2) No 3,828 91.6
3) Dont know/Refused 24 0.6
TOTAL4,179100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Have you done this, or have you never done it? Attended a meeting to talk about political or social concerns. (W11ZD27)
  TOTAL %
-7) No answer 5 0.2
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 321 10.5
-2) Missing, see documentation 47 1.5
1) Have done this 1,411 46.3
2) Never have done this 1,265 41.5
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


Have you done this, or have you never done it? Invited someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns. (W11ZD28)
  TOTAL %
-7) No answer 3 0.1
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 321 10.5
-2) Missing, see documentation 47 1.5
1) Have done this 763 25
2) Never have done this 1,915 62.8
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


Did you go to any political meetings, rallies, speeches, dinners, or things like that in support of a particular candidate? (V085030)
  TOTAL %
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) Yes 195 8.4
5) No 1,907 82.1
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Attend a meeting to talk about political or social concerns? (V085199G)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 2 0.1
-8) Dont know 5 0.2
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) Extremely likely 106 4.6
2) Very likely 207 8.9
3) Moderately likely 400 17.2
4) A little likely 449 19.3
5) Not at all likely 933 40.2
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Invite someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns? (V085199H)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 2 0.1
-8) Dont know 4 0.2
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) Extremely likely 81 3.5
2) Very likely 175 7.5
3) Moderately likely 269 11.6
4) A little likely 344 14.8
5) Not at all likely 1,227 52.8
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Ever attended a meeting to talk about political or social concerns. (All, most, about half, a few, or none?) (V085200G)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 4 0.2
-8) Dont know 47 2
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) All 14 0.6
2) Most 251 10.8
3) About half 621 26.7
4) A few 1,016 43.7
5) None 149 6.4
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Ever invited someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns. (All, most, about half, a few, or none?) (V085200H)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 4 0.2
-8) Dont know 58 2.5
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) All 15 0.6
2) Most 145 6.2
3) About half 491 21.1
4) A few 1,212 52.2
5) None 177 7.6
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Attended a meeting to talk about political or social concerns. (V085201G)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 2 0.1
-8) Dont know 2 0.1
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) Have done this 639 27.5
5) Never have done this 1,459 62.8
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Invited someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns. (V085201H)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 2 0.1
-8) Dont know 4 0.2
-2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
1) Have done this 403 17.3
5) Never have done this 1,693 72.9
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


In the future, how likely are you to attend a meeting to talk about political or social concerns? (W6Y8)
  TOTAL %
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
-2) Missing, see documentation 28 0.9
1) Extremely likely 74 2.4
2) Very likely 157 5.1
3) Moderately likely 302 9.9
4) A little likely 419 13.7
5) Not at all likely 496 16.3
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


In the future, how likely are you to invite someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns? (W6Y9)
  TOTAL %
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
-2) Missing, see documentation 29 1
1) Extremely likely 45 1.5
2) Very likely 82 2.7
3) Moderately likely 171 5.6
4) A little likely 349 11.4
5) Not at all likely 800 26.2
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


Have you done this, or have you never done it? Attended a meeting to talk about political or social concerns. (W6Y27)
  TOTAL %
-7) No answer 3 0.1
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
-2) Missing, see documentation 31 1
1) Have done this 735 24.1
2) Never have done this 707 23.2
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


Have you done this, or have you never done it? Invited someone to attend a meeting about political or social concerns. (W6Y28)
  TOTAL %
-7) No answer 2 0.1
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
-2) Missing, see documentation 31 1
1) Have done this 391 12.8
2) Never have done this 1,052 34.5
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


Here is a list of political activities. Have you done any of these in the past twelve months? Attended a political meeting or rally (PO_ATT)
  TOTAL %
-7) Refused 1 0.4
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 226 99.6
TOTAL227100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


About how many times in the past twelve months have you attended any public meeting in which there was discussion of local government issues, or school or other community affairs? (SA_MEET)
  TOTAL %
-4) Dont know 1 0.1
0) Never 0 0
1) Once 249 20.1
2) 2-4 times 518 41.8
3) 5-9 times 222 17.9
4) Once a month 153 12.3
5) Twice a month 61 4.9
6) Once a week 24 1.9
7) More than once a week 12 1
TOTAL1,240100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Did you go to any political meetings, rallies, speeches, dinners, or things like that in support of a particular candidate? (POL_MEET)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 83 6.2
5) No 1,263 93.8
TOTAL1,346100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


26B. Have you attended a political meeting or rally in the past 12 months? (RALLY)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 5,302 99.5
8) Dont Know 20 0.4
9) Refused 5 0.1
TOTAL5,327100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Protest scale (MARCH GRPPOL RALLY REFORM GRPETH PETITION GRPLAB) [higher score indicates more participation in protests--see summary documentation for more information on PROTEST) (PROTEST)

Frequencies and percentages are not available for this question.

    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Attended a political meeting or demonstration (V187D)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 337 16.2
    2) No 1,742 83.7
    8) Dont know 0 0
    9) Refused 2 0.1
    TOTAL2,081100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Did you attend meetings at any of the following? - A town hall or other government building (METTWNHL)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 210 47.7
    2) No 223 50.7
    3) Dont know 7 1.6
    TOTAL440100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    [ASK ONLY IF WEBACCSS= 1 YES] Have you participated in any other campaign-related activities using the Internet, such as reading discussion groups, signing petitions, or donating money? (CAMP_OTH)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 270 12.1
    2) No 1,953 87.8
    9) Dont know/Refused 2 0.1
    TOTAL2,225100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    26B. Attended a political meeting or rally? (RALLY)
      TOTAL %
    0) No 0 0
    1) Yes 1,705 99.6
    8) Dont know 5 0.3
    9) Refused 1 0.1
    TOTAL1,711100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In the last year or so, have you done any of the following? -- Attended a political meeting or rally. (ATTPOL)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 105 16.1
    2) No 543 83.4
    3) Dont know/No answer 3 0.5
    TOTAL651100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    (govote_06) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To get out the vote during an election? (GOVOTE06)
      TOTAL %
    -1) Refused 1 0.4
    1) Yes 56 21.4
    2) No 205 78.2
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    (politics_06) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss politics? (POLITC06)
      TOTAL %
    -1) Refused 2 0.8
    1) Yes 49 18.7
    2) No 211 80.5
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    (politics_98) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss politics? (POLITC98)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 33 12.6
    2) No 229 87.4
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    (voterreg_06) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? An effort to get people registered to vote? (VOTERR06)
      TOTAL %
    -1) Refused 3 1.1
    1) Yes 68 26
    2) No 191 72.9
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    (voterreg_98) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? An effort to get people registered to vote? (VOTERR98)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 33 12.6
    2) No 229 87.4
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    (march_06) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (MARCH06)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 47 17.9
    2) No 215 82.1
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    (march_98) Within the past twelve months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (MARCH98)
      TOTAL %
    -3) All other missing data 1 0.4
    1) Yes 49 18.7
    2) No 212 80.9
    TOTAL262100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    During the campaign this year, did anyone talk to you about registering to vote or getting out to vote (1984, 1986: or about voting)? (VCF9021)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 6,144 32.3
    5) No 11,437 60
    8) DK 24 0.1
    9) NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984) 1,441 7.6
    TOTAL19,046100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    Q43 In the year leading up to the 2004 presidential election, did you...give money to a political campaign/party/candidate (Q43C)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 564 33.3
    2) No 1,132 66.7
    TOTAL1,696100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Mixed-mode


    Did you give money to a political party during this election year? Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0721)
      TOTAL %
    0) DK; NA; no Post IW; form III, IV (1972); abbrev. telephone interview (1984); DK/NA if asked for money (1966, 1968 only) 0 0
    1) No (includes not asked for money in 1966, 1968) 35,583 90.5
    2) Yes (includes tax check-off in 1976) 3,740 9.5
    TOTAL39,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    Now for a few questions about giving money during this last election campaign. Did you use the one dollar check-off option on your Federal income tax return to make a political contribution this year? (VCF0739)
      TOTAL %
    0) DK; NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984) 0 0
    1) Yes 3,544 29.7
    2) No 8,380 70.3
    TOTAL11,924100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    Did you give money to a political party during this election year? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0740)
      TOTAL %
    0) DK; NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984) 0 0
    1) Yes 1,139 5.6
    2) No 19,099 94.4
    TOTAL20,238100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    Did you give any money to any other group that supported or opposed candidates? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0741)
      TOTAL %
    0) DK; NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984) 0 0
    1) Yes 823 4.8
    2) No 16,487 95.2
    TOTAL17,310100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0742)
      TOTAL %
    0) DK; NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984) 0 0
    1) Yes 1,249 6.2
    2) No 18,954 93.8
    TOTAL20,203100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    IF R GAVE MONEY TO INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE: Which party did that candidate belong to? (CONT CANDP)
      TOTAL %
    0) NA; INAP 0 0
    1) DEMOCRATS 33 32
    3) REPUBLICANS 54 52.4
    5) OTHER (SPECIFY) 9 8.7
    6) BOTH DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE AND REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE 5 4.9
    8) DK 2 1.9
    TOTAL103100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Mixed-mode


    Did you give money to a political party during this election year? (CONT$PARTY)
      TOTAL %
    0) NA; INAP 0 0
    1) YES 99 6.4
    5) NO 1,456 93.6
    TOTAL1,555100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Mixed-mode


    Here are some forms of political and social action that people can take. Please indicate, for each one, (1) whether you have done any of these things in the past year, (2) have done it in the more distant past, (3) have not done it but might do it, (4) or have not done it and would never, under any circumstances, do it--Donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity. (POLFUNDS)
      TOTAL %
    1) Have done it in the past year 451 30.6
    2) Have done it in the more distant past 284 19.3
    3) Have not done it but might do it 438 29.8
    4) Have not done it and would never do it 293 19.9
    8) Cant choose 1 0.1
    9) No answer 5 0.3
    TOTAL1,472100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to an INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE running for public office? (CONTR_MN)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 102 9.6
    5) No 964 90.4
    TOTAL1,066100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Did you give money to a POLITICAL PARTY during this election year? (PARTY)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 101 9.5
    5) No 963 90.3
    8) Dont know 2 0.2
    TOTAL1,066100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    IF RESPONDENT GAVE MONEY TO A POLITICAL PARTY: To which party did you give money? (PRTY_WHC)
      TOTAL %
    1) Democrats 46 45.5
    3) Republicans 52 51.5
    5) Other 2 2
    6) Both Democrats and Republicans 1 1
    TOTAL101100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    During the past twelve months, have you given money to a political candidate or party? (DONTE)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 820 14.6
    2) No 4,773 85.2
    3) Dont know/refused 10 0.2
    TOTAL5,603100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In which, if any, of the fields listed on this card have you and the members of your family or household contributed some money or other property in 1995? J. Political organizations or campaigns (GIVPOL)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 92 6.4
    2) No 1,175 81.4
    9) No answer 177 12.3
    TOTAL1,444100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Approximately how much money or the cash equivalent of property have you contributed in each of the fields listed above in the past twelve months? J. Political organizations or campaigns (TOTPOL)
      TOTAL %
    0) 0 0 0
    2) 2 1 1.1
    3) 3 2 2.2
    10) 10 3 3.3
    15) 15 1 1.1
    20) 20 2 2.2
    25) 25 7 7.7
    30) 30 2 2.2
    50) 50 16 17.6
    60) 60 1 1.1
    100) 100 14 15.4
    150) 150 1 1.1
    175) 175 1 1.1
    200) 200 8 8.8
    250) 250 2 2.2
    300) 300 4 4.4
    500) 500 3 3.3
    1000) 1000 3 3.3
    1500) 1500 1 1.1
    3000) 3000 2 2.2
    5000) 5000 1 1.1
    99998) Dont know 4 4.4
    99999) No answer 12 13.2
    TOTAL91100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (V085033)
      TOTAL %
    -9) Refused 1 0
    -8) Dont know 1 0
    -2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
    1) Yes 207 8.9
    5) No 1,893 81.5
    TOTAL2,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Did you give money to a political party during this election year? (V085034)
      TOTAL %
    -9) Refused 1 0
    -8) Dont know 2 0.1
    -2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
    1) Yes 153 6.6
    5) No 1,946 83.8
    TOTAL2,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    IF R CONTRIBUTED MONEY TO POLITICAL PARTY: To which party did you give money? (V085034A)
      TOTAL %
    -2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
    -1) INAP, 5,-8,-9 in V085034 1,949 83.9
    1) Democrats 95 4.1
    3) Republicans 58 2.5
    TOTAL2,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Here is a list of political activities. Have you done any of these in the past twelve months? Gave money to a political party, group, or candidate (PO_GAVE)
      TOTAL %
    -7) Refused 1 0.3
    0) No 0 0
    1) Yes 347 99.7
    TOTAL348100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to AN INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE running for public office? (CANDCONT)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 100 7.4
    5) No 1,245 92.5
    8) Dont know 1 0.1
    TOTAL1,346100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Did you give money to A POLITICAL PARTY during this election year? (GIVE)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 127 9.4
    5) No 1,218 90.5
    8) Dont know 1 0.1
    TOTAL1,346100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Did you give any money to ANY OTHER GROUP that supported or opposed candidates? (GIVE2)
      TOTAL %
    0) NA 0 0
    1) Yes 110 8.2
    5) No 1,227 91.4
    8) Dont know 5 0.4
    TOTAL1,342100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a religious political organization or candidate (RELALT1)
      TOTAL %
    1) Not at all 227 76.4
    2) 1-2 34 11.4
    3) 3-5 16 5.4
    4) More than 5 14 4.7
    5) Dont know/Refused 6 2
    TOTAL297100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Other
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a non-religious political organization or candidate (RELALT2)
      TOTAL %
    1) Not at all 170 57.2
    2) 1-2 67 22.6
    3) 3-5 32 10.8
    4) More than 5 22 7.4
    5) Dont know/Refused 6 2
    TOTAL297100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Other
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate (RELALT21)
      TOTAL %
    1) Not at all 904 68.8
    2) 1-2 197 15
    3) 3-5 86 6.5
    4) More than 5 108 8.2
    5) Dont know/Refused 18 1.4
    TOTAL1,313100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Other
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate (RELALT22)
      TOTAL %
    1) Not at all 893 68
    2) 1-2 231 17.6
    3) 3-5 82 6.2
    4) More than 5 78 5.9
    5) Dont know/Refused 29 2.2
    TOTAL1,313100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Other
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In the last year or so, have you done any of the following? -- Given money to a political group or party. (GIVEPOL)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 125 19.2
    2) No 521 80
    3) Dont know/No answer 5 0.8
    TOTAL651100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In the past year, have you donated money to a political campaign, candidate or organization? (MONEYPOL)
      TOTAL %
    1) No 443 76.2
    2) Yes 138 23.8
    TOTAL581100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE1)
      TOTAL %
    1) A lot 242 10.7
    2) Some 799 35.3
    3) None 1,203 53.1
    4) DK 12 0.5
    5) Refused 8 0.4
    TOTAL2,264100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE2)
      TOTAL %
    1) A lot 94 3.6
    2) Some 708 27.3
    3) None 1,754 67.7
    4) DK 26 1
    5) Refused 8 0.3
    TOTAL2,590100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it wont make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale in the booklet, (where one means that voting wont make any difference to what happens and five means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself? {INTERVIEWER: DO NOT PROBE DONT KNOW} (V085183)
      TOTAL %
    -9) Refused 1 0
    -8) Dont know 4 0.2
    -2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
    1) Voting wont make any difference 85 3.7
    2) 2 91 3.9
    3) 3 241 10.4
    4) 4 538 23.2
    5) Voting can make a big difference 1,142 49.2
    TOTAL2,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    We all know that Americans have certain rights, such as the right to free speech and to a free public education. Now Id like you to consider what obligations or responsibilities, if any, we have towards others. For each of the following, do you feel it is an absolutely essential obligation for us as Americans, a very important obligation, a somewhat important obligation, or is it entirely a matter of personal preference? I. Voting in elections (R9VOTE)
      TOTAL %
    1) Absolutely essential obligation 1,079 53.9
    2) Very important obligation 587 29.3
    3) Somewhat important obligation 161 8
    4) Entirely a matter of personal preference 176 8.8
    TOTAL2,003100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Please tell me how much you think each of the following would help to improve things in this country. How about . . . i. if people were more involved in voting and politics? Would that help a lot, somewhat, only a little or not at all? (I9VOTE)
      TOTAL %
    1) Help a lot 863 43.6
    2) Help somewhat 789 39.8
    3) Help only a little 255 12.9
    4) Help not at all 73 3.7
    TOTAL1,980100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Vote preference in 2008 (See Note 5: SWING08 Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (SWING) (SWING08)
      TOTAL %
    1) McCain - No chance Obama 713 32
    2) Obama - No chance McCain 770 34.6
    3) McCain - Lean McCain, chance Obama 252 11.3
    4) Obama - Lean Obama, chance McCain 262 11.8
    5) Undecided 230 10.3
    TOTAL2,227100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    What are the chances of your voting in the election for President this year: are you almost certain to vote, will you probably vote, are the chances 50-50, or dont you think you will vote? (CP3)
      TOTAL %
    1) Almost certain 1,220 75.8
    2) Probably 104 6.5
    3) 50-50 109 6.8
    4) Will not vote 157 9.8
    5) Dont know/Refused 20 1.2
    TOTAL1,610100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Other
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Will you be voting in the upcoming election on November 3rd? (WILLVOTE)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes 395 75.2
    2) No 102 19.4
    3) Are you not sure 24 4.6
    9) No response 4 0.8
    TOTAL525100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Were you registered to vote in this election? (VCF0737)
      TOTAL %
    1) No 5,152 18.3
    2) Yes (includes Rs who reported voting) 20,339 72.2
    9) NA; DK; no Post IW; Washington, D.C.; NA if R voted; DK if R voted (1982 only); abbrev. telephone IW (1984) 2,664 9.5
    TOTAL28,155100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Other


    Did you do any (other) work for one of the parties or candidates? (CPG WORK)
      TOTAL %
    0) NA; INAP 0 0
    1) YES 43 2.8
    5) NO 1,512 97.2
    TOTAL1,555100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Mixed-mode


    During the past year, have you spent any time volunteering for any of the following - A political campaign. (VOLPOLIT)
      TOTAL %
    0) No 0 0
    1) Yes 120 100
    TOTAL120100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    IF RESPONDENT SELECTED FOR EXPERIMENTAL VERSION: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? (VOTE_EXP)
      TOTAL %
    1) I did not vote (in the election this November) 67 12.7
    2) I thought about voting this time, but didnt 44 8.3
    3) I usually vote, but didnt this time 22 4.2
    4) I am sure I voted 396 74.9
    TOTAL529100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    In the 1994 elections for Congress last November, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE94)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes, voted 2,439 58.4
    2) No, didnt vote/Too young 1,588 38
    3) Dont remember if voted 139 3.3
    4) Refused 13 0.3
    TOTAL4,179100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE2004)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 2,175 71.3
    2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote) 820 26.9
    8) Dont remember if voted 26 0.9
    9) Refused 31 1
    TOTAL3,052100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In this past years presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 3,310 75.1
    2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote) 1,060 24.1
    8) Dont remember if voted 20 0.5
    9) Refused 17 0.4
    TOTAL4,407100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    IF BORN IN U.S./PUERTO RICO/U.S. TERRITORY (Q.60=1,3,4) OR U.S. CITIZEN (Q.61=1), ASK: In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 26,968 79.1
    2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote) 6,627 19.4
    8) Dont remember if voted (Vol.) 195 0.6
    9) Refused (Vol.) 307 0.9
    TOTAL34,097100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    If PARTY = 3-5 or 9: As of today do you lean more to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? (PARTYLN)
      TOTAL %
    1) Republican 346 29.4
    2) Democrat 507 43
    9) Other/Dont know/Refused 325 27.6
    TOTAL1,178100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted (V085036A)
      TOTAL %
    -2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION NEW 1,059 45.6
    1) I did not vote in the election this November 138 5.9
    2) I thought about voting this time, but didnt 69 3
    3) I usually vote, but didnt this time 42 1.8
    4) I am sure I voted 794 34.2
    TOTAL2,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    IF R VOTED FOR MAJOR PARTY PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE/IF R VOTED FOR OTHER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: In the 2008 Presidential election, did you consider voting for any candidates other than [-NAME OF CANDIDATE FOR WHOM R VOTED-/the candidate you voted for]? {INTERVIEWER: DO NOT PROBE DONT KNOW} (V085196)
      TOTAL %
    -8) Dont know 1 0
    -2) No Post-election IW 221 9.5
    -1) INAP, did not vote or DK/NA if voted; did not vote for President or DK/NA if voted for President; voted for President but vote DK/NA 538 23.2
    1) Yes 527 22.7
    5) No 1,036 44.6
    TOTAL2,323100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    [IF U.S. BIRTH AND YES CITIZEN] In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept your from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTA)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes, voted 507,013 59.3
    2) No, didnt vote 336,701 39.4
    8) Dont remember if voted 10,962 1.3
    TOTAL854,676100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    IF RESPONDENT SELECTED FOR VERSION 2 OF VOTE TURNOUT QUESTION: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? (VOTE2)
      TOTAL %
    1) I did not vote 61 9.1
    2) I thought about voting this time - but didnt 53 7.9
    3) I usually vote but didnt this time 96 14.2
    4) I am sure I voted 462 68.5
    8) Dont know 1 0.1
    9) Refused 1 0.1
    TOTAL674100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November? VERSION 2: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? SUMMARY: RESPONDENT 2002 ELECTION TURNOUT (VOTE3)
      TOTAL %
    1) R reported voting in 2002 election 962 71.5
    5) R reported not voting in 2002 election 382 28.4
    8) R did not know whether voted in 2002 1 0.1
    9) R refused to say whether voted in 2002 1 0.1
    TOTAL1,346100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    VERSION 1: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November? / VERSION 2: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? Were you registered to vote in this election? -- SUMMARY: respondent vote/registration status (VREGSUM)
      TOTAL %
    1) R voted, registered in county 932 69.2
    2) R voted, registered outside county 30 2.2
    3) R did not vote or DK/RF/NA if voted 383 28.5
    6) Washington D.C.: r did not vote or DK/R 1 0.1
    TOTAL1,346100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    IF BORN IN U.S./PUERTO RICO/U.S. TERRITORY (Q.60=1,3,4) OR U.S. CITIZEN (Q.61=1), ASK: In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 294 74.8
    2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote) 92 23.4
    8) Dont remember if voted (Vol.) 6 1.5
    9) Refused (Vol.) 1 0.3
    TOTAL393100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: Regional Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE04)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 1,460 72.9
    2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote) 513 25.6
    8) Dont remember if voted 9 0.4
    9) Refused 21 1
    TOTAL2,003100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In last years presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 2,053 76.2
    2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote) 583 21.6
    8) Dont remember if voted 6 0.2
    9) Refused 53 2
    TOTAL2,695100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Thinking back to the 1996 presidential election, when Clinton ran against Dole and Perot, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (CLINDOLE)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes, Clinton 2,634 45
    2) Yes, Dole 1,406 24
    3) Yes, Perot 473 8.1
    4) Yes, other candidate 76 1.3
    5) Yes, dont remember which candidate 132 2.3
    6) No, didnt vote/too young 936 16
    8) Dont remember if voted 75 1.3
    9) Refused 121 2.1
    TOTAL5,853100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In the 2006 election for Congress, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (CVOTE06A)
      TOTAL %
    1) Yes, voted 2,587 63.1
    2) No, didnt vote 1,460 35.6
    3) No, too young to vote 30 0.7
    9) DK/Refused 22 0.5
    TOTAL4,099100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In 1982, in the race for Congress here in this district, did you vote, or didnt you get around to voting when less than half the voters came out to vote? (VTECNGRS)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 146 18.5
    2) Didnt vote 609 77.3
    3) Not old enough to vote (voluntary) 10 1.3
    4) Not sure 23 2.9
    TOTAL788100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO WERE NOT 18 TO 21 YEARS OF AGE: Did you vote in the election for president in 1980 when Carter and Reagan ran, or didnt you get around to voting back then when just over half the voters came out to vote? (VOTE1980)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 255 38.4
    2) Didnt vote 392 59
    3) Not sure 17 2.6
    TOTAL664100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    In 1982, in the race for Congress here in this district, did you vote, or didnt you get around to voting when less than half the voters came out to vote? (VTECNGRS)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 915 68.6
    2) Didnt vote 345 25.9
    3) Not old enough to vote 14 1.1
    4) Not sure 59 4.4
    TOTAL1,333100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO WERE NOT 18 TO 21 YEARS OF AGE: Did you vote in the election for president in 1980 when Carter and Reagan ran, or didnt you get around to voting back then when just over half the voters came out to vote? (VOTE1980)
      TOTAL %
    1) Voted 1,162 94.9
    2) Didnt vote 58 4.7
    3) Not sure 5 0.4
    TOTAL1,225100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    [IF 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W9AB2)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 43 1.4
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 340 11.2
    -2) Missing, see documentation 119 3.9
    -1) Inapplicable 1,423 46.7
    1) Usually voted 956 31.4
    2) Usually did not vote 168 5.5
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W9B5)
      TOTAL %
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 340 11.2
    -2) Missing, see documentation 123 4
    -1) Inapplicable 2,580 84.6
    1) Usually voted 2 0.1
    2) Usually did not vote 4 0.1
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    This month, you will see questions that you have answered for us before. We are asking some questions again because we would like to know what you think about some of these same issues today. During the coming months, we will continue to ask questions on many different topics. Now that the election is over, our upcoming surveys will be about many other topics. Please answer these questions by telling us how you feel today. Your answers today are just as important as your answers were last month. Thank you for continuing to participate in this important research with us. The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held on November 4. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held on November 4, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W11A2)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 1 0
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 321 10.5
    -2) Missing, see documentation 15 0.5
    1) Usually voted 2,299 75.4
    2) Usually did not vote 413 13.5
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1A2)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 1 0
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,398 45.9
    -2) Missing, see documentation 5 0.2
    -1) Inapplicable 42 1.4
    1) Usually voted 1,312 43
    2) Usually did not vote 291 9.5
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses / primary elections / caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [STATE]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses / primary elections / caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1B5)
      TOTAL %
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,398 45.9
    -4) Error, see documentation 4 0.1
    -2) Missing, see documentation 28 0.9
    -1) Inapplicable 1,618 53.1
    2) Usually did not vote 1 0
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucus / primary / caucus or primary] that was held in [STATE] on [DATE]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucus / primary / caucus or primary], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1B9)
      TOTAL %
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,398 45.9
    -4) Error, see documentation 4 0.1
    -2) Missing, see documentation 28 0.9
    -1) Inapplicable 1,611 52.8
    1) Usually voted 1 0
    2) Usually did not vote 7 0.2
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [IF 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W2AB2)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 54 1.8
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,492 48.9
    -2) Missing, see documentation 94 3.1
    -1) Inapplicable 1,372 45
    1) Usually voted 31 1
    2) Usually did not vote 6 0.2
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W2B5)
      TOTAL %
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,492 48.9
    -2) Missing, see documentation 100 3.3
    -1) Inapplicable 1,457 47.8
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential (caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election) that were held recently in (state). In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent (primary/caucus/caucus and primary election), and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. [STATE] recently held [caucuses/primary elections/a caucus and primary election] — citizens voted to help decide which candidate from each political party will run in next Novembers election for President of the United States. During the months leading up to the [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], did you ever plan to vote in a [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], or didnt you plan to do that? (W2B12)
      TOTAL %
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,492 48.9
    -2) Missing, see documentation 62 2
    -1) Inapplicable 1,432 47
    1) Did plan to vote 43 1.4
    2) Did not plan to vote 20 0.7
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential (caucus/primary/caucus and primary election) that (was/were) held in (state) on (date). In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent (primary/caucus/caucus and primary election), and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. [STATE] held a [caucus / primary election / caucus or primary election] on [DATE] — citizens voted to help decide which candidate from each political party will run in next Novembers election for President of the United States. During the months leading up to the [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], did you ever plan to vote in the [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], or didnt you plan to do that? (W2B14)
      TOTAL %
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,492 48.9
    -2) Missing, see documentation 63 2.1
    -1) Inapplicable 709 23.3
    1) Did plan to vote 610 20
    2) Did not plan to vote 175 5.7
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6AB2)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 2 0.1
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
    -2) Missing, see documentation 54 1.8
    -1) Inapplicable 1,396 45.8
    1) Usually voted 18 0.6
    2) Usually did not vote 6 0.2
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6B5)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 1,418 46.5
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
    -2) Missing, see documentation 56 1.8
    1) Usually voted 1 0
    2) Usually did not vote 1 0
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6B9)
      TOTAL %
    -7) No answer 1,406 46.1
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response 1,573 51.6
    -2) Missing, see documentation 55 1.8
    -1) Inapplicable 5 0.2
    1) Usually voted 1 0
    2) Usually did not vote 9 0.3
    TOTAL3,049100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Online


    (ASK IF AGE less than 26) Now thinking about your generation compared with young adults 20 years ago, for each of the things I mention please tell me if you think your generation does more of it, less of it, OR about the same amount as young adults 20 years ago did: Voting in elections (VOTING)
      TOTAL %
    1) Your generation does more 151 34.2
    2) Your generation does less of it 217 49.1
    3) About the same/no difference 61 13.8
    9) (VOL.) Dont know/Refused 13 2.9
    TOTAL442100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: Phone


    Has your enthusiasm for voting increased or declined over the years, or has it stayed about the same? (VOTENTH)
      TOTAL %
    1) Increased 487 24.6
    2) Decreased 400 20.2
    3) Stayed about the same 1,096 55.3
    TOTAL1,983100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
    Activities?: Did the respondent attend any political meetings, rallies, speeches, or other political events?
    Congregational Activities: This question type asks the respondent if his/her congregation held any groups or meetings related to political campaigns.
    Contacted?: Did anyone contact the respondent about voting or registering to vote during recent election(s)?
    Contributions: Has respondent given money to a political party or candidate?
    Importance: How does respondent feel about the importance of voting?
    Plans to Vote?: Does respondent intend to vote in an upcoming election?
    Registered?: Was respondent registered to vote in recent election(s)?
    Volunteering?: Did respondent volunteer for a political party or advocacy group?
    Voted?: Did the respondent vote in recent election(s)?
    Voting History: Does the respondent usually vote in elections?

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