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Pain and Suffering

Beliefs about the reasons for pain and suffering in the world.


Below are 72 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 7 types:

Benefits ofCause Doubt?Causes of SufferingFact of life?God's RoleReduce SuffferingWhy Suffering?

Benefits ofThis question type asks the respondent about potential benefits of pain and suffering.


Cause Doubt?Has suffering causes the respondent to doubt their faith?


Causes of SufferingThis question type asks the respondent about different potential root causes of suffering.

  • SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering results from people today being greedy for riches and power. (SUFGREED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering comes because people dont obey God. (SUFOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - People usually bring suffering on themselves. (SUFSELF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering results from people today being greedy for riches and power. (SUFGREED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering comes because people dont obey God. (SUFOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - People usually bring suffering on themselves. (SUFSELF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering results from people today being greedy for riches and power. (SUFGREED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering comes because people dont obey God. (SUFOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - People usually bring suffering on themselves. (SUFSELF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering results from people today being greedy for riches and power. (SUFGREED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering comes because people dont obey God. (SUFOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - People usually bring suffering on themselves. (SUFSELF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering results from people today being greedy for riches and power. (SUFGREED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering comes because people dont obey God. (SUFOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - People usually bring suffering on themselves. (SUFSELF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Fact of life?This question type asks respondents if pain and suffering are simply a fact of life.

  • SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering is simply a fact of life, experienced by virtually all of us in the course of a lifetime. (SUFFACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering is simply a fact of life, experienced by virtually all of us in the course of a lifetime. (SUFFACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering is simply a fact of life, experienced by virtually all of us in the course of a lifetime. (SUFFACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering is simply a fact of life, experienced by virtually all of us in the course of a lifetime. (SUFFACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Suffering is simply a fact of life, experienced by virtually all of us in the course of a lifetime. (SUFFACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

God's RoleThis question type asks the respondent about God's role in suffering/why God allows suffering.


Reduce SuffferingThis question asks the respondent if they feel responsible for reducing pain and suffering.


Why Suffering?This question type asks the respondent if they think about why suffering occurs.

  • ASUFFER from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Now I want you to consider a series of opinions on a variety of issues. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with each statement. N. I believe that suffering and hardship is a necessary part of life and can actually enrich my life. (ASUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975LEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980LEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980-85 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980-90 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980-95 Panel StudyLEARN MORE
    • To what extent would you say you think about the following question? - Why is there suffering in the world? (QSUFFER2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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