Measurement Wizard

Research Hub > Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Congregational Participation and Religious Networks >

Proselytization (speaking to others about faith), Frequency of

Measures how often one professes their religious beliefs to others


Below are 72 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 6 types:

CongregationFrequencyImportanceIncidenceMissionWho?

CongregationDid respondents' congregation take part in evangelistic or outreach activity?

  • WITNESS from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • In addition to the outreach activities of your denomination, did your congregation do any of the following during the past 12 months to reach out to new or inactive participants, or to make your congregation better known in your community? If no, is the item: A) Something that probably would not be resisted by most members if you tried it; or B) Something that probably would be resisted by most members. Stressing in your congregations preaching and teaching the importance of [witnessing] to others about ones faith (WITNESS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CNG_TELL from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • [IF ATTEND = 1 MORE THAN ONCE A WEEK OR 2 ONCE A WEEK OR 3 ALMOST EVERY WEEK OR 4 ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH OR 5 A FEW TIMES A YEAR] During the past year, have you personally participated in any of the following at your congregation: any organized program to tell people of other faiths--such as Muslims, Hindus, or Buddhists--about Jesus? (CNG_TELL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CNG_COUN from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • [IF ATTEND = 1 MORE THAN ONCE A WEEK OR 2 ONCE A WEEK OR 3 ALMOST EVERY WEEK OR 4 ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH OR 5 A FEW TIMES A YEAR] During the past year, have you personally participated in any of the following at your congregation: a meeting at which a missionary or religious leader spoke about efforts to bring Christianity to people in other countries? (CNG_COUN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

FrequencyHow often does respondent share their faith?

  • MBRMISS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Have you ever personally tried to convert someone to the LDS faith (outside of periods of actual missionary service)? (MBRMISS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MBRMISS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Have you ever personally tried to convert someone to the LDS faith (outside of periods of actual missionary service)? (MBRMISS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONVERT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • Have you personally ever tried to convert someone to your religious faith? (CONVERT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT7 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Tried to defend your religious worldview to people of other faiths (RELALT7) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT8 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Told teens or adults explicitly about how they could accept your faith (RELALT8) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT28 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Told teens or adults explicitly about how they could become a Christian (RELALT28) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACTEVANG from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Told teens or adults explicitly about how they could become a Christian? (ACTEVANG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South KoreaLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q14I from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q14 How often did you participate in the following religious activities last month - i. Witnessing/sharing your faith with friends (Q14I) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q14J from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q14 How often did you participate in the following religious activities last month - j. Witnessing/sharing your faith with strangers (Q14J) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PERSUADE from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF CONSCHRS = 1 YES] In the past year, how many times have you talked specifically with anyone who was not a Christian to persuade them to become a Christian? (PERSUADE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of PentecostalsLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in BrazilLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in ChileLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in KenyaLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in NigeriaLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in GuatemalaLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the PhilippinesLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of IndiaLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South AfricaLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SHARE_F from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United StatesLEARN MORE
    • How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QN31A_B from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American ReligionLEARN MORE
    • IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): How often do you share your faith with non-believers? Would you say...? (QN31A_B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42D from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF HAS A RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION (Q.16=1-8, 11, 13-14 OR CHR=1): How often do you share your faith with non-believers or people from other religious backgrounds - would you say at least once a week, once or twice a month, several times a year, seldom, or never? (Q42D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42G from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF ATHEIST, AGNOSTIC, OR NO RELIGION (Q.16=9, 10, 12) OR AMBIGUOUS AFFILIATION (Q.16=99 AND CHR=2,9), ASK: How often do you share your views on God and religion with religious people - would you say at least once a week, once or twice a month, several times a year, seldom, or never? (Q42G) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42D from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF HAS A RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION (Q.16=1-8, 11, 13-14 OR CHR=1): How often do you share your faith with non-believers or people from other religious backgrounds - would you say at least once a week, once or twice a month, several times a year, seldom, or never? (Q42D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42G from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF ATHEIST, AGNOSTIC, OR NO RELIGION (Q.16=9, 10, 12) OR AMBIGUOUS AFFILIATION (Q.16=99 AND CHR=2,9), ASK: How often do you share your views on God and religion with religious people - would you say at least once a week, once or twice a month, several times a year, seldom, or never? (Q42G) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WTNSSFR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q14e. How often did you participate in the following religious or faith-based activities in the last month? Witnessing/sharing your faith with friends (WTNSSFR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WTNSSST from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q14f. How often did you participate in the following religious or faith-based activities in the last month? Witnessing/sharing your faith with strangers (WTNSSST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

ImportanceHow important is it to share one's faith?

  • CHRCHGL from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Which do you think is most important for the church to do -- to convert people to a spiritual belief so that they can earn a happy life after death, or to teach people how to live better every day with all other people? (CHRCHGL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELIMP32 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read to you a list of statements about religion. For each one, please tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with it. (FOLLOWUP) Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat? It is important to convert others (RELIMP32) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • XCONVERT from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is converting people to Jesus Christ, as a way to change American society? (XCONVERT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q42 How important is it to do the following.. in order to be a good person; d. Convert others to your religious faith (Q42D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BECOMECH from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • In your view, how important is it for Christians to encourage people from other faiths--such as Muslims, Hindus, or Buddhists--to become Christians? (BECOMECH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONVOTHR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q35e. How important is it to do the following if one wishes to be a good person? Convert others to your religious faith (CONVOTHR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

IncidenceHas the respondent ever tried to convert others or ask others to visit his/her church?


MissionHow often has the respondent been involved with a missionary program?

  • MISSION from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Have you ever served a mission for the LDS Church? (If so, which kind(s)?) (MISSION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MISSION from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Have you ever served a mission for the LDS Church? (If so, which kind(s)?) (MISSION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT9 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a religious organization to help spread the gospel in the U.S. or overseas (RELALT9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT11 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Go on a religious mission to another country (RELALT11) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT12 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Do a religious project in the United States (RELALT12) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT29 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a Christian organization to help spread the gospel in the U.S. or overseas (RELALT29) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELA2_11 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Go on a religious mission to another country (RELA2_11) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELA2_12 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Do a religious project in the United States (RELA2_12) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACTGOSP from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a Christian organization to help spread the gospel in the U.S. or overseas? (ACTGOSP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MISSION from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)LEARN MORE
    • (mission_w2) Q:7. In the last two years, how many times, if any, have you gone on a religious missions team or religious service project? [PROBE: Just give me your best guess.] [RECORD NUMBER, RANGE = 0-20, RANGE 20=20 OR MORE] (MISSION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MISSION from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)LEARN MORE
    • (mission_w3) Q:7. In the last two years, how many times, if any, have you gone on a religious missions team or religious service project? [PROBE: Just give me your best guess.] [RECORD NUMBER, RANGE=0-20, RANGE 20=20 OR MORE] (MISSION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q14D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q14 How often did you participate in the following religious activities last month - d. Community or missionary outreach programs (Q14D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MISSION from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)LEARN MORE
    • Y234. How many times, if any, have you ever gone on a religious missions team or religious service project? [PROBE: Just give me your best guess.][RECORD NUMBER, RANGE= 0-20, 98=DK, 99=REFUSED, RANGE 20=20 OR MORE] (MISSION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MISSION from Religion and Americas Role in the WorldLEARN MORE
    • Have you ever participated in missionary work, in the United States or abroad, on behalf of your religion or church? If respondent says yes- Was the missionary work in the United States, outside the United States, or have you done both? (MISSION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Who?To whom did the respondent proselytize?

Bookmark and Share