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Bible, View of

Does the respondent think that the Bible should be taken literally, taken as a religiously inspired book, a book of fables, or some other view of the Bible?


Below are 140 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 9 types:

3 Category4 CategoryErrors?Inspired?LiteralismMiraclesRulebookTrue?Word of God?

3 CategoryThis question type provides respondents with three different statements about the Bible. In most cases respondents are asked if the Bible is the "actual word of God," was "inspired" by God or merely a book of history and legends.

  • BIBLE from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Middletown Area Study, 1992LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Middletown Area Study, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Middletown Area Study, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Middletown Area Study, 1995LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now we have some questions about religious beliefs some people may hold. Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Select from: a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally...; b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally ...; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, ... recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE1 from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible: 1) the bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally...; 2) the Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally...; 3) the Bible is an ancient book of fables...recorded by man. (BIBLE1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey, 1985LEARN MORE
    • Which one of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey, 1986LEARN MORE
    • Which one of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Select from: a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally...; b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally ...; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, ... recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Survey of Religion and Community Life in Indianapolis, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? Would you say: (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Select from: a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally...; b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally ...; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, ... recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997LEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible: (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FEELBBL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (FEELBBL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Select from: a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally...; b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally ...; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, ... recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT OTHER RELIGION NOT CHRISTIAN AND NOT NO PREFERENCE/ATHEIST/AGNOSTIC IN RELIG1A) I am going to read you a short list of statements. Please tell me which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the (INSERT NAME OF HOLY BOOK -- Bible for Protestants,Roman Catholics, Mormons,Orthodox Church, and Other Christians; Koran for Muslims; and Torah for Jews)? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Do you believe the Bible is the inspired word of God or not?/ Im going to read you three views about the Bible [READ LIST] 1. The first is: the Bible is true in all ways, and to be read literally, word for word. 2. The second is: the Bible is true in all ways, but not always to be read literally. 3. The third is: the Bible is true primarily about religious matters, but may contain errors about other things. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Middletown Area Study, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following best expresses your view of the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Select from: a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally...; b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally ...; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, ... recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South KoreaLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLEBEL from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? You can just give me the number of your choice. (BIBLEBEL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLITRL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLITRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLVIEW from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • [If BIBLE=1] Im going to read you three views about the Bible. Please tell me which one best reflects your own view: (BIBLVIEW) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? Select from: a. The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word...; b. The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word...; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men. (BIBLE) (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE1 from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible: (BIBLE1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Faith and Family in America, 2005LEARN MORE
    • (IF PROTESTANT/CATHOLIC/MUSLIM/JEWISH/MORMON/OTHER CHRISTIAN OR ORTHODOX) I am going to read you a short list of statements. Please tell me which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the (holy book). (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE1 from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF FORM= 1] Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE2 from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF FORM= 2] Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE1 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF DQFORM= 1 FORM 1] Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF DQFORM= 2 FORM 2] Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? a. The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; b. The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FEELBIB from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? 1. The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; 2. The Bible is the word of God, but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word; or 3. The Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God. (FEELBIB) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0850 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? You can just give me the number of your choice. (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0850) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of PentecostalsLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in BrazilLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FEELBIBL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; or the Bible is the word of God, but not everything should be taken literally, word for word; or the Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God. (FEELBIBL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in ChileLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W10W1 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (W10W1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in KenyaLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in NigeriaLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in GuatemalaLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the PhilippinesLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of IndiaLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South AfricaLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCRIPTUR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United StatesLEARN MORE
    • Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally, b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally, b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QN50 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American ReligionLEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (QN50) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Religion and Americas Role in the WorldLEARN MORE
    • Skip if respondent answered other religion- not Christian, no preference/Atheist/Agnostic, or dont know/refused in RELIG1A: I am going to read you a short list of statements. Please tell me which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the (if Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox, or other Christian in variable RELIG1A, insert the Bible; if Muslim/Islam, insert the Koran; if Jewish, insert the Torah; if Morman, insert the Book of Mormon; if other non-Christian religion, no preference, or dont know refused then insert a religious or holy book): (book) is the actual word of God, and is to be taken literally, word for word; (book) is the word of God, but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word; (book) is the word of God, but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word; (book) is a book written by men and is not the word of God. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083184 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Please look at page 17 of the booklet. Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? You can just give me the number of your choice: 1. The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; 2. The Bible is the word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word; 3. The Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God (V083184) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2V1 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (W2V1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? a. The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word. b. The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word . c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Select from: a. Bible is actual word of God and is to be taken literally. . . ; b. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally . . . ; c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, . . . Recorded by men. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V146 from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • Which of these three statements comes closest to describing your views regarding the Bible? (V146) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Which one of these three statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (83-10) (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Which one of these three statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ARBL_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Was your religious text fully inspired by God, partly inspired by God, or not inspired by God? (ARBL_3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

4 CategoryFour category questions about the Bible often provide two "middle-ground" categories between an entirely literal view of the Bible and an entirely secular view.

  • YBIBLE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth ComponentLEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements is closest to your view of the Bible? (YBIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • What about the nature of the Bible? Which of the following statements comes closest to your beliefs about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following best expresses your view of the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following best expresses your view of the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following best expresses your view of the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLVIEW from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random AttendersLEARN MORE
    • Which statement comes closest to your view of the Bible? (BIBLVIEW) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q20 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q20 Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about the Bible (Q20) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0845 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Here are four statements about the Bible and Id like you to tell me which is closest to your own view. (STATEMENTS SHOWN TO R) (VCF0845) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Politics of Character Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q18. Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about the Bible? (Please mark only one box.) (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Errors?This question type simply asks the respondent if the Bible may contain errors.

  • BIBLE3 from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY INVOLVED IN ANY SMALL GROUP THAT MEETS REGULARLY AND PROVIDES SUPPORT OR CARING FOR THOSE WHO PARTICIPATE IN IT: In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- The Bible may contain historical or scientific errors. (BIBLE3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRERRORS from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Based on your knowledge of the Bible, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- The Bible may contain historical or scientific errors (TRERRORS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRFAEROR from Economic Values Survey, 1992LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- The Bible may contain historical or scientific errors. (TRFAEROR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIB_ERR from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? - The Bible may contain historical or scientific errors. (BIB_ERR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Inspired?This question type simply asks the respondent if the Bible was inspired by God.


LiteralismThis question type simply asks the respondent if the Bible should be taken literally or not.

  • BIBLIT from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- The bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word. (BIBLIT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO HAVING A PROTESTANT DENOMINATION: Do you believe Bible is literally true, word for word? (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE2 from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY INVOLVED IN ANY SMALL GROUP THAT MEETS REGULARLY AND PROVIDES SUPPORT OR CARING FOR THOSE WHO PARTICIPATE IN IT: In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- Everything in the Bible should be taken literally, word for word. (BIBLE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRLITRLY from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Based on your knowledge of the Bible, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- Everything in the Bible should be taken literally, word for word (TRLITRLY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRFALITR from Economic Values Survey, 1992LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- Everything in the Bible should be taken literally, word for word. (TRFALITR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIB_LIT from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? - Everything in the Bible should be taken literally, word for word. (BIB_LIT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q57 from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Q57 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] And would you say that the Bible is to be taken literally, word for word, OR not everything in the Bible should be taken literally, word for word? (Q57) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LITERAL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • ASK IF BELIEVE HOLY BOOK IS WORD OF GOD: And would you say that [holy book] is to be taken literally, word for word, or not everything in [holy book] should be taken literally, word for word? (LITERAL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q38 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF BELIEVE HOLY BOOK IS WORD OF GOD (Q.37=1), ASK: And would you say that . . . (Q38) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q38 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF BELIEVE HOLY BOOK IS WORD OF GOD (Q.37=1), ASK: And would you say that . . . (Q38) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DETLIFE2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Recode of responses to DETLIFE1 collapsed into common themes (Q56REC) (DETLIFE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LITERL_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • If HBOOK_A = 1: And would you say that... [Note: See answer to HTEXT_A for the name of the holy book inserted below.] (Q187) (LITERL_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LITERL_B from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • If HBOOK_B = 1: And would you say that... [Note: See answer to HTEXT_B for the name of the holy book inserted below.] (Q287) (LITERL_B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QN29 from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010LEARN MORE
    • 29. And would you say that...? (QN29) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

MiraclesThis question type asks respondents their opinions on miracles recorded in the Bible.

  • STORIES from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1986LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The stories in the Bible about Christ healing sick and lame persons by his touch are fictitious and mythical. (STORIES) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • STORIES from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The stories in the Bible about Christ healing sick and lame persons by his touch are fictitious and mythical. (STORIES) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MIRACLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. When it comes to miracles recorded in the Bible (MIRACLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MIRACLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. When it comes to miracles recorded in the Bible (MIRACLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MIRACLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. When it comes to miracles recorded in the Bible (MIRACLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MIRACLE from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988LEARN MORE
    • The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. When it comes to miracles recorded in the Bible (MIRACLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELGC3 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986LEARN MORE
    • The Bible tells of many miracles, some credited to Christ and some to other prophets and apostles. Generally speaking, which of the following statements comes closest to what you believe about Biblical miracles? (Choose one answer) (RELGC3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELGC3 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987LEARN MORE
    • The Bible tells of many miracles, some credited to Christ and some to other prophets and apostles. Generally speaking, which of the following statements comes closest to what you believe about Biblical miracles? (Choose one answer) (RELGC3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • STORIES from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1987LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The stories in the Bible about Christ healing sick and lame persons by his touch are fictitious and mythical. (STORIES) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

RulebookThis question type asks if the Bible provides rules/guidance for living life.

  • BIBLE6 from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY INVOLVED IN ANY SMALL GROUP THAT MEETS REGULARLY AND PROVIDES SUPPORT OR CARING FOR THOSE WHO PARTICIPATE IN IT: In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- The Bible is a detailed book of rules that Christians should try to follow. (BIBLE6) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRFARULE from Economic Values Survey, 1992LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? -- The Bible is a detailed book of rules that Christians should try to follow. (TRFARULE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIB_FOLL from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, is each of the following statements about the Bible true or false? - The Bible is a detailed book of rules that Christians should try to follow. (BIB_FOLL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRUST from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • Which of these two comes closest to your own view? (TRUST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

True?This question type asks their respondent if they believe that every word of the Bible is true.


Word of God?This question type asks the respondent if the Bible is the word of God.

  • BIBLE from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1986LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The Bible is the word of God. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The Bible is the word of God. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q56 from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Q56 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Which comes closest to your view? The Bible is the word of God, OR the Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God? (Q56) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HOLYBOOK from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Which comes closest to your view? [Holy book: If Christian or no religion (RELIG = 1-4, 9, 10, 12, 13 OR CHR=1) insert the Bible; If Jewish (RELIG =5), insert the Torah; If Muslim (RELIG=6), insert, the Koran; If other non-Christian affiliations (RELIG=99) AND CHR=2,9, insert the Bible] is the word of God, or [holy book] is written by men and is not the word of God? (HOLYBOOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIBLE from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1987LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Bible is the word of God. (BIBLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q37 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • Which comes closest to your view? [Holy book: If Christian or no Q.16ion (Q.16=1-4, 9, 10, 12, 13 OR CHR=1) insert the Bible; If Jewish (Q.16=5), insert the Torah; If Muslim (Q.16=6), insert, the Koran; If other non-Christian affiliations (Q.16=7,8,14 OR (Q.16=11 AND CHR=2,9)), insert the Holy Scripture; IF DK/REF IN RELIGION (Q.16=99) AND CHR=2,9, insert the Bible] (Q37) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q37 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • Which comes closest to your view? [Holy book: If Christian or no Q.16ion (Q.16=1-4, 9, 10, 12, 13 OR CHR=1) insert the Bible; If Jewish (Q.16=5), insert the Torah; If Muslim (Q.16=6), insert, the Koran; If other non-Christian affiliations (Q.16=7,8,14 OR (Q.16=11 AND CHR=2,9)), insert the Holy Scripture; IF DK/REF IN RELIGION (Q.16=99) AND CHR=2,9, insert the Bible] (Q37) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HBOOK_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Which comes closest to your view? [Note: See answer to HTEXT_A for the name of the holy book inserted below.] (Q186) (HBOOK_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HBOOK_B from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Which comes closest to your view? [Note: See answer to HTEXT_B for the name of the holy book inserted below.] (Q286) (HBOOK_B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • QN28 from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010LEARN MORE
    • 28. [If Christian, unaffiliated, or dont know/refused, The Bible is used. If Jewish, The Hebrew Scriptures is used. If Muslim, The Koran is used. If other faith, The Holy Scripture is used.] Which comes closest to your view? (QN28) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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