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Devil/Satan, Existence of

Respondent's belief in the existence of the Devil or Satan.


Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 4 types:

Belief in DemonsBelief in SatanExperience withPossession

Belief in DemonsThis question type asks the respondent about belief in demons

  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South KoreaLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q51F from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Q51F [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWIGN DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In evil spirits? (Q51F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)LEARN MORE
    • (demons_w2) I:1. Do you believe [INSERT LIST A-G], [INTERVIEWER MUST READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES: definitely, maybe, or not at all FOR ‘A AND ‘B AND THEN ONLY IF NECESSARY FOR ‘C THROUGH ‘G] C. In the existence of demons or evil spirits? (DEMONS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)LEARN MORE
    • (demons_w3) Next, I will be asking you some questions about your religious beliefs. I:1. Do you believe [INSERT LIST A-G], [INTERVIEWER MUST READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES: definitely, maybe, or not at all FOR ‘A AND ‘B AND THEN ONLY IF NECESSARY FOR ‘C THROUGH ‘G] C. In the existence of demons or evil spirits? (DEMONS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q26G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist g. Demons (Q26G) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)LEARN MORE
    • Y125. Do you believe [INSERT LIST A-H], definitely, maybe, or not at all: In the existence of demons or evil spirits? (DEMONS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of PentecostalsLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in BrazilLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in ChileLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in KenyaLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in NigeriaLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in GuatemalaLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the PhilippinesLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of IndiaLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South AfricaLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United StatesLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • F_QN4A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American ReligionLEARN MORE
    • Do you believe: that angels and demons are active in the world? (F_QN4A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • Angels and demons are active in the world. (Q39B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • Angels and demons are active in the world. (Q39B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEMONS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q23g. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? Demons (DEMONS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Belief in SatanThis question type asks the respondent about belief in the devil/Satan


Experience withThis question type asks the respondent if he/she has had an experience with the devil

  • TEMPTED from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Listed below are a number of experiences of a religious nature which people have reported having. Have you ever had any of these experiences, and how sure are you that you had it? - A feeling of being tempted by the Devil. (TEMPTED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986LEARN MORE
    • Listed below are a number of experiences of a religious nature which people have reported having. Have you ever had any of these experiences, and how sure are you that you had it? - A feeling of being tempted by the Devil. (RELGC18) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987LEARN MORE
    • Listed below are a number of experiences of a religious nature which people have reported having. Have you ever had any of these experiences, and how sure are you that you had it? - A feeling of being tempted by the Devil. (RELGC18) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

PossessionThis question type asks the respondent if people can become possessed

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