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Political Involvement, Extent of

Measures a respondent's level of political engagement, which can be assessed along multiple dimensions such as voting, campaigning, or being informed about political issues


Below are 121 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 10 types:

Activities?Congregational ActivitiesContacted?ContributionsImportancePlans to Vote?Registered?Volunteering?Voted?Voting History

Activities?Did the respondent attend any political meetings, rallies, speeches, or other political events?


Congregational ActivitiesThis question type asks the respondent if his/her congregation held any groups or meetings related to political campaigns.


Contacted?Did anyone contact the respondent about voting or registering to vote during recent election(s)?


ContributionsHas respondent given money to a political party or candidate?

  • GIVEPOL from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • In the last year or so, have you done any of the following? -- Given money to a political group or party. (GIVEPOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONT CANDP from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • IF R GAVE MONEY TO INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE: Which party did that candidate belong to? (CONT CANDP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONT$PARTY from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to a political party during this election year? (CONT$PARTY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DONTE from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • During the past twelve months, have you given money to a political candidate or party? (DONTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CANDCONT from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to AN INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE running for public office? (CANDCONT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GIVE from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to A POLITICAL PARTY during this election year? (GIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GIVE2 from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Did you give any money to ANY OTHER GROUP that supported or opposed candidates? (GIVE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT1 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a religious political organization or candidate (RELALT1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT2 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF NOT Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? (RANDOMIZE LIST) Given money or time to a non-religious political organization or candidate (RELALT2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT21 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate (RELALT21) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELALT22 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF Protestants, Roman Catholics, Mormons, Orthodox Church, and Other Christians IN RELIG1A) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years 1-2 times, 3-5 times, more than 5 times, or not at all? Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate (RELALT22) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACTGIVE1 from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACTGIVE2 from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MONEYPOL from Middletown Area Study, 2004LEARN MORE
    • In the past year, have you donated money to a political campaign, candidate or organization? (MONEYPOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • POLFUNDS from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Here are some forms of political and social action that people can take. Please indicate, for each one, (1) whether you have done any of these things in the past year, (2) have done it in the more distant past, (3) have not done it but might do it, (4) or have not done it and would never, under any circumstances, do it--Donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity. (POLFUNDS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONTR_MN from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to an INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE running for public office? (CONTR_MN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PARTY from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to a POLITICAL PARTY during this election year? (PARTY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PRTY_WHC from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • IF RESPONDENT GAVE MONEY TO A POLITICAL PARTY: To which party did you give money? (PRTY_WHC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q43C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q43 In the year leading up to the 2004 presidential election, did you...give money to a political campaign/party/candidate (Q43C) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0721 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to a political party during this election year? Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0721) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0739 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Now for a few questions about giving money during this last election campaign. Did you use the one dollar check-off option on your Federal income tax return to make a political contribution this year? (VCF0739) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0740 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to a political party during this election year? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0740) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0741 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Did you give any money to any other group that supported or opposed candidates? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0741) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0742 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0742) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GIVPOL from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • In which, if any, of the fields listed on this card have you and the members of your family or household contributed some money or other property in 1995? J. Political organizations or campaigns (GIVPOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TOTPOL from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Approximately how much money or the cash equivalent of property have you contributed in each of the fields listed above in the past twelve months? J. Political organizations or campaigns (TOTPOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085033 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • During an election year people are often asked to make a contribution to support campaigns. Did you give money to an individual candidate running for public office? (V085033) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085034 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Did you give money to a political party during this election year? (V085034) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085034A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • IF R CONTRIBUTED MONEY TO POLITICAL PARTY: To which party did you give money? (V085034A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PO_GAVE from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Here is a list of political activities. Have you done any of these in the past twelve months? Gave money to a political party, group, or candidate (PO_GAVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

ImportanceHow does respondent feel about the importance of voting?

  • V085183 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it wont make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale in the booklet, (where one means that voting wont make any difference to what happens and five means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself? {INTERVIEWER: DO NOT PROBE DONT KNOW} (V085183) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • R9VOTE from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • We all know that Americans have certain rights, such as the right to free speech and to a free public education. Now Id like you to consider what obligations or responsibilities, if any, we have towards others. For each of the following, do you feel it is an absolutely essential obligation for us as Americans, a very important obligation, a somewhat important obligation, or is it entirely a matter of personal preference? I. Voting in elections (R9VOTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • I9VOTE from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Please tell me how much you think each of the following would help to improve things in this country. How about . . . i. if people were more involved in voting and politics? Would that help a lot, somewhat, only a little or not at all? (I9VOTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Plans to Vote?Does respondent intend to vote in an upcoming election?

  • WILLVOTE from Middletown Area Study, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Will you be voting in the upcoming election on November 3rd? (WILLVOTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CP3 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • What are the chances of your voting in the election for President this year: are you almost certain to vote, will you probably vote, are the chances 50-50, or dont you think you will vote? (CP3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SWING08 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Vote preference in 2008 (See Note 5: SWING08 Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (SWING) (SWING08) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Registered?Was respondent registered to vote in recent election(s)?


Volunteering?Did respondent volunteer for a political party or advocacy group?


Voted?Did the respondent vote in recent election(s)?

  • VOTE94 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • In the 1994 elections for Congress last November, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE94) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VTECNGRS from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, NonvotersLEARN MORE
    • In 1982, in the race for Congress here in this district, did you vote, or didnt you get around to voting when less than half the voters came out to vote? (VTECNGRS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE1980 from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, NonvotersLEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO WERE NOT 18 TO 21 YEARS OF AGE: Did you vote in the election for president in 1980 when Carter and Reagan ran, or didnt you get around to voting back then when just over half the voters came out to vote? (VOTE1980) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VTECNGRS from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, VotersLEARN MORE
    • In 1982, in the race for Congress here in this district, did you vote, or didnt you get around to voting when less than half the voters came out to vote? (VTECNGRS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE1980 from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, VotersLEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO WERE NOT 18 TO 21 YEARS OF AGE: Did you vote in the election for president in 1980 when Carter and Reagan ran, or didnt you get around to voting back then when just over half the voters came out to vote? (VOTE1980) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE2 from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • IF RESPONDENT SELECTED FOR VERSION 2 OF VOTE TURNOUT QUESTION: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? (VOTE2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE3 from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November? VERSION 2: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? SUMMARY: RESPONDENT 2002 ELECTION TURNOUT (VOTE3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VREGSUM from American National Election Studies, 2002LEARN MORE
    • VERSION 1: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November? / VERSION 2: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? Were you registered to vote in this election? -- SUMMARY: respondent vote/registration status (VREGSUM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE_EXP from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • IF RESPONDENT SELECTED FOR EXPERIMENTAL VERSION: In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted? (VOTE_EXP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE2004 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE2004) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTA from Muslim American Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • [IF U.S. BIRTH AND YES CITIZEN] In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept your from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTA) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE04 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (VOTE04) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005LEARN MORE
    • In last years presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLINDOLE from Campaign 2000 Typology SurveyLEARN MORE
    • Thinking back to the 1996 presidential election, when Clinton ran against Dole and Perot, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (CLINDOLE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • In this past years presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CVOTE06A from December 2006 Values Update SurveyLEARN MORE
    • In the 2006 election for Congress, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (CVOTE06A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF BORN IN U.S./PUERTO RICO/U.S. TERRITORY (Q.60=1,3,4) OR U.S. CITIZEN (Q.61=1), ASK: In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PVOTE04A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • IF BORN IN U.S./PUERTO RICO/U.S. TERRITORY (Q.60=1,3,4) OR U.S. CITIZEN (Q.61=1), ASK: In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PARTYLN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • If PARTY = 3-5 or 9: As of today do you lean more to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? (PARTYLN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085036A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, or they just didnt have time. Which of the following statements best describes you: One, I did not vote (in the election this November); Two, I thought about voting this time - but didnt; Three, I usually vote, but didnt this time; or Four, I am sure I voted (V085036A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085196 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • IF R VOTED FOR MAJOR PARTY PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE/IF R VOTED FOR OTHER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: In the 2008 Presidential election, did you consider voting for any candidates other than [-NAME OF CANDIDATE FOR WHOM R VOTED-/the candidate you voted for]? {INTERVIEWER: DO NOT PROBE DONT KNOW} (V085196) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Voting HistoryDoes the respondent usually vote in elections?

  • VOTING from Generation Next Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • (ASK IF AGE less than 26) Now thinking about your generation compared with young adults 20 years ago, for each of the things I mention please tell me if you think your generation does more of it, less of it, OR about the same amount as young adults 20 years ago did: Voting in elections (VOTING) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W9AB2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W9AB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W9B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W9B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W11A2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • This month, you will see questions that you have answered for us before. We are asking some questions again because we would like to know what you think about some of these same issues today. During the coming months, we will continue to ask questions on many different topics. Now that the election is over, our upcoming surveys will be about many other topics. Please answer these questions by telling us how you feel today. Your answers today are just as important as your answers were last month. Thank you for continuing to participate in this important research with us. The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held on November 4. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held on November 4, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W11A2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTENTH from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Has your enthusiasm for voting increased or declined over the years, or has it stayed about the same? (VOTENTH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1A2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1A2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses / primary elections / caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [STATE]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses / primary elections / caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1B9 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucus / primary / caucus or primary] that was held in [STATE] on [DATE]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucus / primary / caucus or primary], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W1B9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2AB2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W2AB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W2B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2B12 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential (caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election) that were held recently in (state). In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent (primary/caucus/caucus and primary election), and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. [STATE] recently held [caucuses/primary elections/a caucus and primary election] — citizens voted to help decide which candidate from each political party will run in next Novembers election for President of the United States. During the months leading up to the [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], did you ever plan to vote in a [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], or didnt you plan to do that? (W2B12) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W2B14 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential (caucus/primary/caucus and primary election) that (was/were) held in (state) on (date). In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent (primary/caucus/caucus and primary election), and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. [STATE] held a [caucus / primary election / caucus or primary election] on [DATE] — citizens voted to help decide which candidate from each political party will run in next Novembers election for President of the United States. During the months leading up to the [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], did you ever plan to vote in the [caucus/primary/caucus or primary], or didnt you plan to do that? (W2B14) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6AB2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If 18 years or older on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential election that was held in 2004. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the election held in November 2004, and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6AB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6B5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6B5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6B9 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [If less than 18 years old on 20041102] The next few questions are about the Presidential [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election] that were held recently in [state]. In asking people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they werent registered, they were sick, they didnt have time, or something else happened to prevent them from voting. And sometimes, people who usually vote or who planned to vote forget that something unusual happened on Election Day one year that prevented them from voting that time. So please think carefully for a minute about the recent [caucuses/primary elections/caucus and primary election], and other past elections in which you may have voted, and answer the following questions about your voting behavior. During the past six years, did you usually vote in national, state, and local elections, or did you usually not vote? (W6B9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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