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Immigration, View of Level of

Respondent's view of the level of immigrants - too much, too little, just right?


Below are 61 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 6 types:

Allow Work?Amnesty?AuthorityImmigration CapImportanceStronger Limitations?

Allow Work?This question type asks if illegal immigrants should be allowed to work in the United States for a limited amount of time.

  • W10P22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called illegal immigrants. Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country? (W10P22) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W10P23_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF W10P22=1] Do you favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)? (W10P23_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W10P23_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF W10P22=2] Do you oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)? (W10P23_O) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083131 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called illegal immigrants. Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country? (V083131) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083131A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • IF R FAVORS ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT WORK PERIOD/IF R OPPOSES ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT WORK PERIOD : Do you favor that a great deal, moderately, or a little?/Do you oppose that a great deal, moderately, or a little? (V083131A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1P22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country? (W1P22) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Amnesty?Does the respondent believe the government should give undocumented immigrants a possibility of citizenship?

  • PRIORITY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • What should be the priority for dealing with illegal immigration in the U.S.? [RANDOMIZE; (one) better border security and stronger enforcement of our immigration laws; or (two) creating a way for illegal immigrants already here to become citizens if they meet certain requirements] or should both be given equal priority? (PRIORITY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W10P25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens? (W10P25) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W10P26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF W10P25=1] Do you favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)? (W10P26_F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W10P26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • [IF W10P25=2] Do you oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)? (W10P26_O) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMGSTAT from December 2006 Values Update SurveyLEARN MORE
    • One proposal would allow undocumented immigrants who have been in the U.S. for several years to gain legal working status and the possibility of citizenship in the future. Would you favor or oppose this proposal? (IMMGSTAT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083133 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens? (V083133) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083133A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • IF R FAVORS ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT CITIZENSHIP PROCESS/IF R OPPOSES ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT CITIZENSHIP PROCESS: Do you favor that a great deal, moderately, or a little?/Do you oppose that a great deal, moderately, or a little? (V083133A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W1P25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens? (W1P25) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AMNESTY from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about giving amnesty to illegal aliens who have lived in the U.S. for five or more years? (87) (AMNESTY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LEGALIZE from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about granting illegal immigrants in the U.S. a path to legal citizenship, if they speak English and have no criminal record? (07-10) (LEGALIZE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DREAMACT from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about allowing the children of undocumented immigrants to become U.S. citizens, if they have graduated from college or served in the military? (10) (DREAMACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LEGALIZE from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about granting illegal immigrants in the U.S. a path to legal citizenship, if they speak English and have no criminal record? (LEGALIZE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DREAMACT from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about allowing the children of undocumented immigrants to become U.S. citizens, if they have graduated from college or served in the military? (DREAMACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

AuthorityWho should have the authority to identify/police undocumented immigrants?

  • IMMPOLIC from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Should the local police take an active role in identifying undocumented immigrants, or should that be left mainly to the federal authorities? (10) (IMMPOLIC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMPOLIC from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Should the local police take an active role in identifying undocumented immigrants, or should that be left mainly to the federal authorities? (IMMPOLIC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Immigration CapDoes the respondent think the number of people allowed to come into the country should be raised/lowered/left alone?

  • LETIN from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be...? (LETIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased or decreased? (LETIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETINHSP from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • What about the number of immigrants from Latin America (that is, Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas)? Should it be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (LETINHSP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETINASN from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • What about the number of immigrants from Asia? Should it be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (LETINASN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETINEUR from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • What about the number of immigrants from Europe? Should it be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (LETINEUR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMIGRAT from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased, decreased, or left the same as it is now? (IMMIGRAT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMIGRAT2 from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • IF R THINKS NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS SHOULD BE INCREASED/IF R THINKS NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS SHOULD BE DECREASED: A little or a lot? (IMMIGRAT2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ARABIM from Middletown Area Study, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following best describes your position about the immigration of Arabs into the United States: There should be (ARABIM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be... (LETIN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMIINCR from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be INCREASED A LOT, INCREASED A LITTLE, LEFT THE SAME as it is now, DECREASED A LITTLE, or DECREASED A LOT? (IMMIINCR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMIGRAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • Now, Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose – d. Reducing legal immigration (IMMIGRAT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • REDUCE from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • The number of immigrants who can legally enter the U.S. should be reduced. (REDUCE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . . (LETIN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0879 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0879) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0879A from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0879A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be: (LETIN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . . (LETIN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMAFMJB from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • When the U.S. government is deciding which immigrants to admit to this country should priority be given to people who have family members living in the United States, or should priority be given to people based on education, job skills, and experience? (IMMAFMJB) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085082 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (V085082) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DIMMGRTN from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • In your view, should immigration-people coming from other countries to live in America-be kept at its present level, increased or decreased? (DIMMGRTN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased or decreased? (LETIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN1 from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • 38J. Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little, or reduced a lot? (LETIN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MORIMMIG from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • During the next ten years, would you like to see the U.S. admit more, fewer, or about the same number of legal immigrants as were admitted in the last ten years? (95, 97, 99, 01, 02, 03, 05, 07, 09) (MORIMMIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little, or reduced a lot? (LETIN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

ImportanceHow much of a priority is immigration for the government?

  • PRIORITY from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Springtime Politics, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Which of these should be the highest priority for Bush and Congress this year: The U.S. campaign against terrorism, the war in Iraq, the economy and jobs, health care, Social Security or something else? (PRIORITY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMGPRIO from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Should CONTROLLING AND REDUCING ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION be a VERY IMPORTANT foreign policy goal, a SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT foreign policy goal, or NOT AN IMPORTANT foreign policy goal at all?/ (IMMGPRIO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V084407G from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Order for U.S. foreign policy goal: reducing illegal immigration (V084407G) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V085078G from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Should controlling and reducing illegal immigration be a very important foreign policy goal, a somewhat important foreign policy goal, or not an important foreign policy goal at all? (V085078G) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Stronger Limitations?Does the respondent believe stronger restrictions should be placed on immigration?

  • LIMITIMM from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992LEARN MORE
    • Here are a series of statements about issues facing the United States. For each, please tell me whether you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat or disagree strongly. -- The United States should have stronger limitations on the number of immigrants entering this country. (LIMITIMM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • EXCLDIMM from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you agree or disagree with this statement: America should take stronger measures to exclude illegal immigrants. (EXCLDIMM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BORDER from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Should federal spending on TIGHTENING BORDER SECURITY TO PREVENT ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION be INCREASED, DECREASED, or kept ABOUT THE SAME?) (BORDER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RED_IMMG from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003LEARN MORE
    • Please tell me if you favor or oppose the U.S. government doing each of the following: passing a law to reduce the number of immigrants coming into the country (RED_IMMG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • EXCLDIMM from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? America should take stronger measures to exclude illegal immigrants. (EXCLDIMM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083149 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • (What about) tightening border security to prevent illegal immigration? (Should federal spending on tightening border security to prevent illegal immigration be increased, decreased, or kept about the same?) (V083149) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V155A from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree, with the following statements about immigration and immigrants. The U.S. should do more to limit immigration. (V155A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPNDBRDR from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • 27B3. Tightening border security to prevent illegal immigration? (Would you like to see spending increased or decreased?) (SPNDBRDR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LESIMMIG from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Agree/Disagree: We should take action to reduce the number of new immigrants coming to America. (98, 00, 04, 06, 08, 10) (LESIMMIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • THEFENCE from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • If cost were not a factor, would you favor or oppose building a 2,000-mile security fence along the U.S.-Mexico border, to stop all undocumented immigration? (06, 08, 10) (THEFENCE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LESIMMIG from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Agree/Disagree: We should take action to reduce the number of new immigrants coming to America. (LESIMMIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • THEFENCE from Houston Area Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • If cost were not a factor, would you favor or oppose building a 2,000-mile security fence along the U.S.-Mexico border, to stop all undocumented immigration? (THEFENCE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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