Jim Crow Laws
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Time Period
1890  - 1965
The Jim Crow laws, named for a character in minstrel shows, kept segregation legal in the post-Civil War South. After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1896 that separate but equal was not discrimination, African American attorneys began a slow series of challenges to segregation laws. In 1954, the fight again went to the Supreme Court. This time, justices ruled segregation unconstitutional.

The struggle for civil rights spread in earnest. In 1955, in Montgomery, Ala., Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the white section of a bus, launching a boycott that lasted until the buses were desegregated in 1956. In 1957, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, leading a years-long movement for equality. In 1965, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act, overturning restrictive practices southern states used to stop blacks from registering to vote.
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Colored waiting room sign- Wikimedia Commons

Farmers cafe with 'white' and 'colored' entrances- Library of Congress, LC-USF33-020513-M2

Cartoon about literacy tests for voters- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-83004

Klu Klux Klan cross burning- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-138224

Governor George Wallace attempting to block integration at the University of Alabama- Library of Congress, LC-DIG-ppmsca-04294
Web Source(s)
Brunner, Borgna and Elissa Haney, "Civil Rights Timeline"
The History Channel, "Civil Rights Movement"
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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