The ARDA Syntax Repository

Measuring Religious Identification in the United States

Derek Lehman
Darren E. Sherkat

Created by Lehman and Sherkat (2018), this syntax file creates a unique religious classification scheme by grouping individuals on a continuum of theological exclusivism-universalism and identifies distinctive Protestant groupings based on ethnicity and denominational history (e.g., Lutherans, Baptists, and Episcopalians). Their truncated religious scheme categorizes individuals into seven religious groups: (1) Episcopalians and liberal Protestants; (2) moderate Protestants, Lutherans, and Protestants with no group; (3) Baptists and sectarian Protestants; (4) Catholics and Orthodox, (5) other religions; (6) Mormons (who could be placed with exclusivist sects or with other religions depending on the question); and (7) no religious identification.

Directions: Run this syntax file with General Social Survey data (visit:

Credit/Citation: Lehman, Derek, and Darren E. Sherkat. 2018. "Measuring Religious Identification in the United States." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.

Submitted by: Derek Lehman, Sep 16, 2018.

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