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The Australian Survey of Social Attitudes, 2019 - Codebook

All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).

1) A1_A Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is coming from a wealthy family? (A1_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential222.1
2) Very important12011.4
3) Fairly important33331.6
4) Not very important33731.9
5) Not important at all22721.5
8) Can't choose161.5
Missing34
Total1055100.0
2) A1_B Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is having well-educated parents? (A1_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential454.2
2) Very important25123.7
3) Fairly important46543.9
4) Not very important22721.4
5) Not important at all666.2
8) Can't choose50.5
Missing30
Total1059100.0
3) A1_C Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is having a good education yourself? (A1_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential24623.3
2) Very important47645.2
3) Fairly important29728.2
4) Not very important282.7
5) Not important at all30.3
8) Can't choose40.4
Missing35
Total1054100.0
4) A1_D Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is hard work? (A1_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential38336.1
2) Very important47344.6
3) Fairly important16915.9
4) Not very important222.1
5) Not important at all90.8
8) Can't choose40.4
Missing29
Total1060100.0
5) A1_E Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is knowing the right people? (A1_E)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential918.6
2) Very important25624.2
3) Fairly important41539.3
4) Not very important22721.5
5) Not important at all585.5
8) Can't choose90.9
Missing33
Total1056100.0
6) A1_F Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is having political connections? (A1_F)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential201.9
2) Very important595.6
3) Fairly important13012.3
4) Not very important40238.1
5) Not important at all41038.9
8) Can't choose333.1
Missing35
Total1054100.0
7) A1_G Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is giving bribes? (A1_G)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential20.2
2) Very important121.1
3) Fairly important403.8
4) Not very important989.3
5) Not important at all81577.6
8) Can't choose837.9
Missing39
Total1050100.0
8) A1_H Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is a person's race? (A1_H)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential111.0
2) Very important555.2
3) Fairly important17016.1
4) Not very important24623.3
5) Not important at all55052.1
8) Can't choose242.3
Missing33
Total1056100.0
9) A1_I Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is a person's religion? (A1_I)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential191.8
2) Very important424.0
3) Fairly important716.7
4) Not very important29127.5
5) Not important at all61057.7
8) Can't choose252.4
Missing31
Total1058100.0
10) A1_J Please cross one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life... How important is being born a man or a woman? (A1_J)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential252.4
2) Very important908.5
3) Fairly important16015.1
4) Not very important24523.2
5) Not important at all49146.4
8) Can't choose474.4
Missing31
Total1058100.0
11) A2_A We would like to know what you think people in these jobs actually earn. Please write in how much you think they usually earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes. Many people are not exactly sure about this, but your best guess will be close enough. This may be difficult, but it is very important. So please try. About how much do you think a doctor in general practice earns? (A2_A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total976468,729.732,719,897.55
12) A2_B We would like to know what you think people in these jobs actually earn. Please write in how much you think they usually earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes. Many people are not exactly sure about this, but your best guess will be close enough. This may be difficult, but it is very important. So please try. How much do you think a chairman of a large national corporation earns? (A2_B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9642,687,441.735,707,495.46
13) A2_C We would like to know what you think people in these jobs actually earn. Please write in how much you think they usually earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes. Many people are not exactly sure about this, but your best guess will be close enough. This may be difficult, but it is very important. So please try. How much do you think a shop assistant earns? (A2_C)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total978133,993.661,694,693.90
14) A2_D We would like to know what you think people in these jobs actually earn. Please write in how much you think they usually earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes. Many people are not exactly sure about this, but your best guess will be close enough. This may be difficult, but it is very important. So please try. How much do you think an unskilled worker in a factory earns? (A2_D)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total975107,396.331,454,515.93
15) A2_E We would like to know what you think people in these jobs actually earn. Please write in how much you think they usually earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes. Many people are not exactly sure about this, but your best guess will be close enough. This may be difficult, but it is very important. So please try. How much do you think a cabinet minister in the Federal government earns? (A2_E)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total965508,908.502,610,767.74
16) A3_A Next, what do you think people in these jobs ought to be paid? How much do you think they should earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes, regardless of what they actually get... About how much do you think a doctor in general practice should earn? (A3_A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total969302,256.931,384,751.15
17) A3_B Next, what do you think people in these jobs ought to be paid? How much do you think they should earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes, regardless of what they actually get... How much do you think a chairman of a large national corporation should earn? (A3_B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total962833,345.763,379,010.83
18) A3_C Next, what do you think people in these jobs ought to be paid? How much do you think they should earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes, regardless of what they actually get... How much do you think a shop assistant should earn? (A3_C)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total971123,702.541,548,791.12
19) A3_D Next, what do you think people in these jobs ought to be paid? How much do you think they should earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes, regardless of what they actually get... How much do you think an unskilled worker in a factory should earn? (A3_D)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total969166,678.222,163,866.40
20) A3_E Next, what do you think people in these jobs ought to be paid? How much do you think they should earn each YEAR, BEFORE taxes, regardless of what they actually get... How much do you think a cabinet minister in the Federal government should earn? (A3_E)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total948287,232.401,361,359.73
21) A4_1 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Differences in income in Australia are too large. (A4_1)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32631.2
2) Agree44842.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree16415.7
4) Disagree767.3
5) Strongly disagree121.1
8) Can't choose191.8
Missing44
Total1045100.0
22) A4_2 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is the responsibility of the government to reduce the differences in income between people with high incomes and those with low incomes. (A4_2)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21420.5
2) Agree36535.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree15815.1
4) Disagree20119.3
5) Strongly disagree888.4
8) Can't choose181.7
Missing45
Total1044100.0
23) A4_3 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The government should provide a decent standard of living for the unemployed. (A4_3)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22221.2
2) Agree41940.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree17316.6
4) Disagree16716.0
5) Strongly disagree444.2
8) Can't choose201.9
Missing44
Total1045100.0
24) A4_4 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is the responsibility of private companies to reduce the differences in pay between their employees with high pay and those with low pay. (A4_4)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21120.2
2) Agree43842.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree17116.4
4) Disagree14814.2
5) Strongly disagree525.0
8) Can't choose222.1
Missing47
Total1042100.0
25) A5 Looking at the list below, who do you think should have the greatest responsibility for reducing differences in income between people with high incomes and people with low incomes? (A5)
 TOTAL%
1) Private companies22621.7
2) Government48746.8
3) Trade unions413.9
4) High-income individuals themselves252.4
5) Low-income individuals themselves494.7
6) Income differences do not need to be reduced858.2
8) Can't choose12712.2
Missing49
Total1040100.0
26) A6 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Most politicians in Australia do not care about reducing the differences in income between people with high incomes and people with low incomes. (A6)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32330.6
2) Agree43941.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree17116.2
4) Disagree837.9
5) Strongly disagree191.8
8) Can't choose201.9
Missing34
Total1055100.0
27) A7 How successful do you think the government in Australia is nowadays in reducing the differences in income between people with high incomes and people with low incomes? (A7)
 TOTAL%
1) Very successful60.6
2) Quite successful484.6
3) Neither successful nor unsuccessful33431.9
4) Quite unsuccessful32030.6
5) Very unsuccessful30028.7
8) Can't choose393.7
Missing42
Total1047100.0
28) A8 Do you think people with high incomes should pay a larger share of their income in taxes than those with low incomes, the same share, or a smaller share? (A8)
 TOTAL%
1) Much larger share22521.3
2) Larger52049.3
3) The same share26625.2
4) Smaller131.2
5) Much smaller share60.6
8) Can't choose252.4
Missing34
Total1055100.0
29) A9 Generally, how would you describe taxes in Australia today for those with high incomes? Taxes are... (A9)
 TOTAL%
1) ...Much too high555.2
2) ...Too high18717.8
3) ...About right29127.7
4) ...Too low33031.4
5) Much too low11911.3
8) Can't choose696.6
Missing38
Total1051100.0
30) A10 Is it fair or unfair that people with higher incomes can buy better health care than people with lower incomes? (A10)
 TOTAL%
1) Very fair969.1
2) Somewhat fair19218.2
3) Neither fair nor unfair, mixed feelings23522.3
4) Somewhat unfair23021.8
5) Very unfair29127.6
8) Can't choose121.1
Missing33
Total1056100.0
31) A11 Is it fair or unfair that people with higher incomes can buy better education for their children than people with lower incomes? (A11)
 TOTAL%
1) Very fair938.8
2) Somewhat fair19118.1
3) Neither fair nor unfair, mixed feelings21120.0
4) Somewhat unfair22721.5
5) Very unfair32430.7
8) Can't choose111.0
Missing32
Total1057100.0
32) A12 Some people feel angry about differences in wealth between the rich and the poor, while others do not. How do you feel when you think about differences in wealth between the rich and the poor in Australia? Please place yourself on a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 means not angry at all and 10 means extremely angry. (A12)
 TOTAL%
1) Not angry at all 0016615.7
2) 01615.8
3) 02888.3
4) 03807.6
5) 04787.4
6) 0517716.8
7) 0610910.3
8) 0711811.2
9) 08757.1
10) 09373.5
11) Extremely angry 10514.8
98) Can't choose151.4
Missing34
Total1055100.0
33) A13_A Turning to international differences. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Present economic differences between rich and poor countries are too large. (A13_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29628.2
2) Agree46644.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree20919.9
4) Disagree403.8
5) Strongly disagree141.3
8) Can't choose232.2
Missing41
Total1048100.0
34) A13_B Turning to international differences. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? People in wealthy countries should make an additional tax contribution to help people in poor countries. (A13_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree949.1
2) Agree25624.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree25624.7
4) Disagree28227.2
5) Strongly disagree12412.0
8) Can't choose252.4
Missing52
Total1037100.0
35) A13_C Turning to international differences. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? People from poor countries should be allowed to work in wealthy countries. (A13_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10510.1
2) Agree43942.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree26725.7
4) Disagree14013.5
5) Strongly disagree535.1
8) Can't choose353.4
Missing50
Total1039100.0
36) A14_A In all countries, there are differences or even conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Australia how much conflict is there between... poor people and rich people? (A14_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very strong conflicts413.9
2) Strong conflicts21220.4
3) Not very strong conflicts61959.5
4) There are no conflicts13212.7
8) Can't choose363.5
Missing49
Total1040100.0
37) A14_B In all countries, there are differences or even conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Australia how much conflict is there between... the working class and the middle class? (A14_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very strong conflicts222.1
2) Strong conflicts1029.8
3) Not very strong conflicts63861.3
4) There are no conflicts24323.4
8) Can't choose353.4
Missing49
Total1040100.0
38) A14_C In all countries, there are differences or even conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Australia how much conflict is there between... management and workers? (A14_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Very strong conflicts605.8
2) Strong conflicts32331.1
3) Not very strong conflicts55153.1
4) There are no conflicts706.7
8) Can't choose343.3
Missing51
Total1038100.0
39) A14_D In all countries, there are differences or even conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Australia how much conflict is there between... younger people and older people? (A14_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Very strong conflicts494.7
2) Strong conflicts21720.9
3) Not very strong conflicts54852.9
4) There are no conflicts19118.4
8) Can't choose313.0
Missing53
Total1036100.0
40) A14_E In all countries, there are differences or even conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Australia how much conflict is there between... people born in Australia and people from other countries who have come to live in Australia? (A14_E)
 TOTAL%
1) Very strong conflicts989.4
2) Strong conflicts37636.2
3) Not very strong conflicts47445.6
4) There are no conflicts585.6
8) Can't choose343.3
Missing49
Total1040100.0
41) AU_TOPBOT A15 In our society there are groups which tend to be towards the top and groups which tend to be towards the bottom. Below is a scale which runs from top to bottom. Where would you put yourself now on this scale? (AU_TOPBOT)
 TOTAL%
1) Bottom 1151.4
2) 2111.1
3) 3424.0
4) 4848.1
5) 525124.1
6) 628527.3
7) 721320.4
8) 811811.3
9) 9151.4
10) Top 1090.9
Missing46
Total1043100.0
42) A16 And if you think about the family that you grew up in, where did they fit in? (A16)
 TOTAL%
1) Bottom201.9
2) 2393.7
3) 3918.7
4) 415214.5
5) 525924.8
6) 620319.4
7) 716315.6
8) 8817.7
9) 9222.1
10) Top 10161.5
Missing43
Total1046100.0
43) A17 And thinking ahead 10 years from now, where do you think you will be on a scale of 1 to 10, where 10 is the top and 1 is the bottom? (A17)
 TOTAL%
1) Bottom 1292.8
2) 2413.9
3) 3625.9
4) 4787.5
5) 518918.1
6) 620419.6
7) 720319.5
8) 813913.3
9) 9343.3
10) Top 10151.4
98) Can't choose494.7
Missing46
Total1043100.0
44) A18_A In deciding how much people ought to earn, how important should each of these things be, in your opinion... How much responsibility goes with the job - how important do you think that ought to be in deciding pay? (A18_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential25124.0
2) Very important57254.6
3) Fairly important20219.3
4) Not very important101.0
5) Not important at all40.4
8) Can't choose80.8
Missing42
Total1047100.0
45) A18_B In deciding how much people ought to earn, how important should each of these things be, in your opinion... ...the number of years spent in education and training? (A18_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential807.6
2) Very important39537.7
3) Fairly important43241.3
4) Not very important12011.5
5) Not important at all121.1
8) Can't choose80.8
Missing42
Total1047100.0
46) A18_C In deciding how much people ought to earn, how important should each of these things be, in your opinion... ...whether the person has children to support - how important should that be in deciding pay? (A18_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential282.7
2) Very important959.1
3) Fairly important22321.3
4) Not very important40738.9
5) Not important at all27426.2
8) Can't choose191.8
Missing43
Total1046100.0
47) A18_D In deciding how much people ought to earn, how important should each of these things be, in your opinion... ...how well he or she does the job - how important should that be in deciding pay? (A18_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Essential29528.1
2) Very important48846.5
3) Fairly important23021.9
4) Not very important181.7
5) Not important at all111.0
8) Can't choose80.8
Missing39
Total1050100.0
48) A19 These five diagrams show different types of society. Please read the descriptions and look at the diagrams and decide which you think best describes Australia... Type A: A small elite at the top, very few people in the middle and the great mass of people at the bottom; Type B: A society like a pyramid with a small elite at the top, more people in the middle, and most at the bottom; Type C: A pyramid except that just a few people are at the bottom; Type D: A society with most people in the middle; Type E: Many people near the top, and only a few near the bottom. First, what type of society is Australia today - which diagram comes closest? (A19)
 TOTAL%
1) Type A474.5
2) Type B31530.1
3) Type C30128.7
4) Type D36234.5
5) Type E121.1
8) Can't choose111.0
Missing41
Total1048100.0
49) A20 What do you think Australia ought to be like - which would you prefer? (A20)
 TOTAL%
1) Type A30.3
2) Type B343.2
3) Type C12712.1
4) Type D58055.3
5) Type E27926.6
8) Can't choose252.4
Missing41
Total1048100.0
50) A21 How fair or unfair do you think the income distribution is in Australia? (A21)
 TOTAL%
1) Very fair262.5
2) Fair36334.8
3) Unfair45743.8
4) Very unfair10610.2
8) Can't choose918.7
Missing46
Total1043100.0
51) A22 How often do you have any contact with people who are a lot poorer than you when you are out and about? This might be in the street, on public transport, in shops, in your neighbourhood, or at your workplace. (A22)
 TOTAL%
1) Never353.3
2) Less than once a month12912.3
3) Once a month888.4
4) Several times a month14213.5
5) Once a week12912.3
6) Several times a week25424.2
7) Every day21320.3
8) Can't choose595.6
Missing40
Total1049100.0
52) A23 How often do you have any contact with people who are a lot richer than you when you are out and about? This might be in the street, on public transport, in shops, in your neighbourhood, or at your workplace. (A23)
 TOTAL%
1) Never585.5
2) Less than once a month18617.8
3) Once a month1049.9
4) Several times a month18818.0
5) Once a week979.3
6) Several times a week19919.0
7) Every day16015.3
8) Can't choose545.2
Missing43
Total1046100.0
53) A24 The next questions are about your household's financial situation. Thinking of your household's total income, including all the sources of income of all the members who contribute to it, how difficult or easy is it currently for your household to make ends meet? (A24)
 TOTAL%
1) Very difficult595.6
2) Fairly difficult17616.7
3) Neither easy nor difficult34432.6
4) Fairly easy32030.3
5) Very easy14914.1
8) Can't choose80.8
Missing33
Total1056100.0
54) A25 And during the next 12 months, how difficult or easy do you think it will be for your household to make ends meet? (A25)
 TOTAL%
1) Very difficult605.7
2) Fairly difficult20919.7
3) Neither easy nor difficult34032.1
4) Fairly easy28526.9
5) Very easy14313.5
8) Can't choose232.2
Missing29
Total1060100.0
55) A26 How often do you or other members of your household skip a meal because there is not enough money for food? (A26)
 TOTAL%
1) Never94188.8
2) Less than once a month373.5
3) Once a month131.2
4) Several times a month171.6
5) Once a week212.0
6) Several times a week141.3
7) Every day30.3
8) Can't choose141.3
Missing29
Total1060100.0
56) A27 Generally speaking, would you say that people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (A27)
 TOTAL%
1) People can almost always be trusted565.3
2) People can usually be trusted59856.4
3) You usually can't be too careful in dealing with people30628.8
4) You almost always can't be too careful in dealing with people837.8
8) Can't choose181.7
Missing28
Total1061100.0
57) A28_A To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Workers would not bother to get skills and qualifications unless they were paid extra for having them. (A28_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11911.4
2) Agree48746.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree15114.4
4) Disagree23021.9
5) Strongly disagree514.9
8) Can't choose101.0
Missing41
Total1048100.0
58) A28_B To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Large differences in income are necessary for Australia's prosperity. (A28_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree212.0
2) Agree1009.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree23322.4
4) Disagree43241.6
5) Strongly disagree22922.0
8) Can't choose242.3
Missing50
Total1039100.0
59) A28_C To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Inequality continues because it benefits the rich and powerful. (A28_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22721.8
2) Agree40538.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree16616.0
4) Disagree16716.1
5) Strongly disagree545.2
8) Can't choose212.0
Missing49
Total1040100.0
60) A28_D To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Inequality continues to exist because ordinary people don't join together to get rid of it. (A28_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree757.2
2) Agree24223.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree29628.6
4) Disagree27526.5
5) Strongly disagree999.6
8) Can't choose494.7
Missing53
Total1036100.0
61) A29 To what extent do you think that differences in wealth between rich and poor countries are fair or unfair? (A29)
 TOTAL%
1) Very fair242.3
2) Fair17816.9
3) Unfair47144.7
4) Very unfair19718.7
8) Can't choose18317.4
Missing36
Total1053100.0
62) B1_A Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The level of income support payments, such as Newstart, should be set by a body independent of Government (B1_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20319.3
2) Agree43341.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree15114.3
4) Disagree16315.5
5) Strongly disagree484.6
8) Can't choose565.3
Missing35
Total1054100.0
63) B1_B Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Governments should report budget success by measuring wellbeing and inclusion, not just productivity measures like GDP (B1_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28326.9
2) Agree49447.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree12612.0
4) Disagree696.6
5) Strongly disagree282.7
8) Can't choose514.9
Missing38
Total1051100.0
64) B2 Between one year and the next, many people move in and out of poverty. Thinking about the next 12 months, how vulnerable are you and your family to experiencing poverty? Please place yourself on a scale of zero to 10, where zero means not vulnerable at all and 10 means extremely vulnerable. (B2)
 TOTAL%
1) Not vulnerable at all 0039737.8
2) 0114814.1
3) 0210610.1
4) 03878.3
5) 04535.0
6) 0510710.2
7) 06424.0
8) 07302.9
9) 08232.2
10) 09151.4
11) Extremely vulnerable 10232.2
98) Can't choose201.9
Missing38
Total1051100.0
65) C1 Which of the following best describes the North Pole? (C1)
 TOTAL%
1) Ice a few metres thick floating over a deep ocean49247.3
2) Ice more than a kilometre thick over land34232.9
3) A mainly rocky mountainous landscape605.8
4) Don't know14614.0
Missing49
Total1040100.0
66) C2 Which of the following best describes the South Pole? (C2)
 TOTAL%
1) Ice a few metres thick floating over a deep ocean18017.3
2) Ice more than a kilometre thick over land62860.4
3) A mainly rocky, mountainous landscape817.8
4) Don't know15014.4
Missing50
Total1039100.0
67) C3 Which of the following possible changes would, if it happened, do the most to raise sea levels? (C3)
 TOTAL%
1) Melting of land ice in Greenland and the Antarctic51149.4
2) Melting of Glaciers in the Himalayas and Alaska414.0
3) Melting of Sea ice on the Arctic Ocean19619.0
4) Don't know28627.7
Missing55
Total1034100.0
68) D1 Some countries are currently talking about introducing a 'Basic Income Scheme'. A Basic Income Scheme includes all of the following: The government pays everyone a monthly income to cover essential living costs, It replaces many other social benefits, The purpose is to guarantee everyone a minimum standard of living, Everyone receives the same amount regardless of whether or not they are working, People also keep the money they earn from work or other sources, This scheme is paid for by taxes. Overall, would you be against or in favour of having this scheme in Australia? (D1)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly against18918.0
2) Against29127.8
3) In favour30729.3
4) Strongly in favour12912.3
8) Don't know13212.6
Missing41
Total1048100.0
69) D2 If Australia introduced the Basic Income Scheme described above - so that you receive basic income whether you work or not, but you can earn more if you do paid work - is there an activity you would spend more time doing (i.e., more than you already do now)? Please choose ONE activity you would be most likely to increase your time on: (D2)
 TOTAL%
1) None - I would keep my present routine (i.e., keep working as much as I do now)42241.8
2) Paid work (i.e., I would spend more time working than I do now)373.7
3) Child care and family time656.4
4) House work, gardening, or outdoor handiwork636.2
5) Study, training, further education565.6
6) Exercise, walks, hikes or sports11611.5
7) Socialising with friends and/or family, volunteering, community activities14414.3
8) Creative hobbies - art, writing, performance (e.g., dance/theatre/music) and media making (e.g., films, websites, blogs)353.5
9) Cultural hobbies - reading, listen to music, galleries, theatre, cinema, festivals, etc.282.8
10) TV/Film watching40.4
11) Using social/interactive media (e.g., Facebook, gaming, posting messaging, etc.)40.4
12) Other - please describe353.5
Missing80
Total1009100.0
70) E1 Have you done any of the following activities in the last year? What was the main reason why or why not? Went to: live music (e.g., music or community venue, concert, club, pub), art exhibition, performance, festival or other arts venue or event? (E1)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, because it helps me to understand other perspectives and cultures878.5
2) Yes, because it helps me socialise and connect with others22021.4
3) Yes, because it makes me happy and/or healthy33432.6
4) Yes, because it helps me with my job/to get a job20.2
5) Yes, because it helps me express myself50.5
6) Yes, because it helps me to become immersed in another world444.3
7) No, because it's difficult to find the time454.4
8) No, because it's too expensive1029.9
9) No, because it's not for people like me201.9
10) No, because I'm not really interested11711.4
11) No, because there is a lack of/limited opportunities191.9
12) No, because of disability and/or mental or physical illness313.0
Missing63
Total1026100.0
71) E2 Made art such as painting or pottery, creative writing or theatre, played music, sang or danced (e.g., social dance, community or cultural activity, classes or performance) (E2)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, because it helps me to understand other perspectives and cultures302.9
2) Yes, because it helps me socialise and connect with others11110.8
3) Yes, because it makes me happy and/or healthy25825.2
4) Yes, because it helps me with my job/to get a job90.9
5) Yes, because it helps me express myself605.9
6) Yes, because it helps me to become immersed in another world262.5
7) No, because it's difficult to find the time11110.8
8) No, because it's too expensive444.3
9) No, because it's not for people like me474.6
10) No, because I'm not really interested27126.5
11) No, because there is a lack of/limited opportunities292.8
12) No, because of disability and/or mental or physical illness282.7
Missing65
Total1024100.0
72) E3 Have you done any of the following activities in the last year? What was the main reason why or why not? Listened to music (e.g., streaming, CDs, radio/TV) (E3)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, because it helps me to understand other perspectives and cultures696.7
2) Yes, because it helps me socialise and connect with others525.1
3) Yes, because it makes me happy and/or healthy69868.1
4) Yes, because it helps me with my job/to get a job131.3
5) Yes, because it helps me express myself262.5
6) Yes, because it helps me to become immersed in another world999.7
7) No, because it's difficult to find the time131.3
8) No, because it's too expensive30.3
9) No, because it's not for people like me40.4
10) No, because I'm not really interested373.6
11) No, because there is a lack of/limited opportunities40.4
12) No, because of disability and/or mental or physical illness70.7
Missing64
Total1025100.0
73) E4 Have you done any of the following activities in the last year? What was the main reason why or why not? Read a book, e-book, poetry or graphic novel (but not for study or work) (E4)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, because it helps me to understand other perspectives and cultures17917.4
2) Yes, because it helps me socialise and connect with others282.7
3) Yes, because it makes me happy and/or healthy38837.7
4) Yes, because it helps me with my job/to get a job141.4
5) Yes, because it helps me express myself111.1
6) Yes, because it helps me to become immersed in another world18818.3
7) No, because it's difficult to find the time797.7
8) No, because it's too expensive10.1
9) No, because it's not for people like me242.3
10) No, because I'm not really interested989.5
11) No, because there is a lack of/limited opportunities50.5
12) No, because of disability and/or mental or physical illness131.3
Missing61
Total1028100.0
74) X1_A To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In general, a university qualification is required to have a successful career in Australia today (X1_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree546.9
2) Agree25632.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree17222.0
4) Disagree24331.0
5) Strongly disagree516.5
8) Can't choose70.9
Missing306
Total783100.0
75) X1_B To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In general, a university qualification is better preparation than a TAFE qualification for the job market in Australia today (X1_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree293.7
2) Agree16921.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree21127.1
4) Disagree30338.9
5) Strongly disagree567.2
8) Can't choose101.3
Missing311
Total778100.0
76) X1_C To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In general, family connections are more important than a university qualification in securing a full-time job in your preferred occupation (X1_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree314.0
2) Agree13817.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree22228.7
4) Disagree29137.6
5) Strongly disagree8110.5
8) Can't choose111.4
Missing315
Total774100.0
77) X1_D To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In general, attending university allows people to draw on a network to succeed at work (X1_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree293.7
2) Agree32942.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree23630.1
4) Disagree14318.3
5) Strongly disagree324.1
8) Can't choose141.8
Missing306
Total783100.0
78) X2 To what extent does the gender imbalance in many careers in STEM concern you? (X2)
 TOTAL%
1) Not concerned at all8934.8
2) Slightly concerned5822.7
3) Moderately concerned6023.4
4) Very concerned3814.8
5) Seriously concerned114.3
Missing833
Total256100.0
79) X3_A It is important to encourage girls to... : learn how to cook and sew (X3_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3614.2
2) Agree13653.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree4618.2
4) Disagree176.7
5) Strongly disagree155.9
8) Can't choose31.2
Missing836
Total253100.0
80) X3_B It is important to encourage girls to... : learn how to wield a drill or change a light bulb (X3_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3815.0
2) Agree15159.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree4015.8
4) Disagree135.1
5) Strongly disagree72.8
8) Can't choose41.6
Missing836
Total253100.0
81) X3_C It is important to encourage girls to... : learn how to check tyre pressure for a car (X3_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5822.8
2) Agree15360.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree3212.6
4) Disagree52.0
5) Strongly disagree31.2
8) Can't choose31.2
Missing835
Total254100.0
82) X3_D It is important to encourage girls to... : study Year 12 advanced mathematics (X3_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3513.8
2) Agree7328.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree11244.3
4) Disagree249.5
5) Strongly disagree41.6
8) Can't choose52.0
Missing836
Total253100.0
83) X3_E It is important to encourage girls to... : study Year 12 chemistry and physics (X3_E)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3012.0
2) Agree6726.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree11746.6
4) Disagree2710.8
5) Strongly disagree41.6
8) Can't choose62.4
Missing838
Total251100.0
84) X4_A It is important to encourage boys to... : learn how to cook and sew (X4_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4517.6
2) Agree14657.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree4015.7
4) Disagree103.9
5) Strongly disagree103.9
8) Can't choose41.6
Missing834
Total255100.0
85) X4_B It is important to encourage boys to... : learn how to wield a drill or change a light bulb (X4_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5220.5
2) Agree15962.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree3011.8
4) Disagree52.0
5) Strongly disagree52.0
8) Can't choose31.2
Missing835
Total254100.0
86) X4_C It is important to encourage boys to... : learn how to check tyre pressure for a car (X4_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6324.7
2) Agree16263.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree218.2
4) Disagree52.0
5) Strongly disagree10.4
8) Can't choose31.2
Missing834
Total255100.0
87) X4_D It is important to encourage boys to... : study Year 12 advanced mathematics (X4_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4015.7
2) Agree8332.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree10240.2
4) Disagree228.7
5) Strongly disagree31.2
8) Can't choose41.6
Missing835
Total254100.0
88) X4_E It is important to encourage boys to... : study Year 12 chemistry and physics (X4_E)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3413.5
2) Agree7831.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree11043.7
4) Disagree249.5
5) Strongly disagree31.2
8) Can't choose31.2
Missing837
Total252100.0
89) X5 Mathematics is less important for the future of girls than the future of boys. (X5)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree103.9
2) Agree41.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree5220.4
4) Disagree8232.2
5) Strongly disagree10440.8
8) Can't choose31.2
Missing834
Total255100.0
90) F1 How much do you feel that you understand about climate change - would you say a great deal, a moderate amount, only a little, or nothing at all? (F1)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal18017.0
2) A moderate amount58755.5
3) Only a little26525.1
4) Nothing at all252.4
Missing32
Total1057100.0
91) F2 The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) found that human activities have caused the Earth to warm by approximately 1.0 degree Celsius since 1850. IPCC scientists estimate that global warming is likely to reach 1.5 degrees Celsius between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate. How much trust do you have in this IPCC estimation of global warming caused by human activities? (F2)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal of trust24423.1
2) Quite a lot of trust33131.3
3) Unsure26625.2
4) Not very much trust13212.5
5) No trust at all837.9
Missing33
Total1056100.0
92) F3 IPCC scientists estimate that global warming will increase the amount of damage to many ecosystems. For example, they estimate that coral reefs will decline in size by 70 to 90 percent at 1.5 degrees Celsius global warming. How much trust do you have in this IPCC estimation of the impact of global warming on coral reefs? (F3)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal of trust26024.7
2) Quite a lot of trust33431.7
3) Unsure26525.1
4) Not very much trust12211.6
5) No trust at all736.9
Missing35
Total1054100.0
93) F4 If you answered 'not very much trust' or 'no trust at all' to either of the IPCC questions, what was your MAIN reason for doing so? (F4)
 TOTAL%
1) Scientists' computer models are too unreliable to predict the climate of the future8928.1
2) Scientists benefit by overstating the impact of climate change10131.9
3) Human activities do not cause global warming3210.1
4) Global warming does not cause climate change165.0
5) I don't understand the science5617.7
6) Other - please specify237.3
Missing772
Total317100.0
94) F5 Which of the following statements do you personally believe? (F5)
 TOTAL%
1) Climate change is happening now, and is caused mainly by human activities69766.4
2) Climate change is happening now, but is caused mainly by natural forces23422.3
3) Climate change is not happening now363.4
4) I don't know whether climate change is happening or not827.8
Missing40
Total1049100.0
95) G1_A To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In Australia, if someone has a legal problem they can always get help from a lawyer, regardless of how much money they have (G1_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree354.4
2) Agree27834.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree11914.9
4) Disagree23529.4
5) Strongly disagree11013.8
8) Can't choose222.8
Missing290
Total799100.0
96) G1_B To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The courts and tribunals in Australia treat everyone fairly, regardless of how much money they have (G1_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree334.2
2) Agree21427.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree18022.8
4) Disagree23830.1
5) Strongly disagree9912.5
8) Can't choose273.4
Missing298
Total791100.0
97) G1_C To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Only the rich can use the courts and tribunals in Australia to solve their disputes (G1_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree496.2
2) Agree16821.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree16621.1
4) Disagree31439.9
5) Strongly disagree648.1
8) Can't choose253.2
Missing303
Total786100.0
98) G2 Have you ever had any personal experience of a court or tribunal in Australia, for any reason? (G2)
 TOTAL%
1) No44255.3
2) Yes - only once20025.0
3) Yes - a few times (two to four)13116.4
4) Yes - many times (five or more)263.3
Missing290
Total799100.0
99) G3 In the last five years have you had any free help or advice from a lawyer, for any reason? (G3)
 TOTAL%
1) No68786.4
2) Yes - only once708.8
3) Yes - a few times (two to four)344.3
4) Yes - many times (five or more)40.5
Missing294
Total795100.0
100) G4 In the last five years have you paid for any help or advice from a lawyer, for any reason? (G4)
 TOTAL%
1) No54668.7
2) Yes - only once13817.4
3) Yes - a few times (two to four)9612.1
4) Yes - many times (five or more)151.9
Missing294
Total795100.0
101) H1 Apart from such special occasions, would you go to a regular Christian church service if invited by close friends or family? (H1)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes10138.5
2) No13451.1
3) Unsure2710.3
Missing827
Total262100.0
102) H2 Would you go to a musical event hosted by a local church, if invited by close friends or family? (H2)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes14053.4
2) No8532.4
3) Unsure3714.1
Missing827
Total262100.0
103) H3 And would you go to a meal hosted by a local church, if invited by close friends or family? (H3)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes14053.4
2) No8130.9
3) Unsure4115.6
Missing827
Total262100.0
104) I1 We would now like to ask you about your use of social media sites, such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, LinkedIn, etc. We would like to know whether you have reduced or ended your use of one or more of these sites, and your main reason for doing so. Have you reduced your time or disconnected from social media for any one of the following reasons? Please cross the most important reason to you from the list below. (I1)
 TOTAL%
1) I have not reduced time or disconnected: I use social media as much as ever31331.8
2) I have not reduced time or disconnected: I've never used social media16016.3
3) Someone else made me do it (e.g., my partner, family, boss, etc.)70.7
4) I found it boring and a waste of time in general16416.7
5) It used up too much time for other things (e.g., work, study, socializing, etc.)889.0
6) I was worried about privacy, and/or the misuse of my personal data909.2
7) I compared myself too much to other people online151.5
8) I found that other people and their posts were fake and inauthentic282.8
9) I didn't like having to put myself on display all the time404.1
12) I was getting cyber-bullied - i.e., directly attacked or bullied online10.1
14) The news feed, posts, and comments made me angry, outraged, or anxious161.6
15) Other reason (please write)616.2
Missing106
Total983100.0
105) J1_A Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good way to start or expand a family (J1_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14418.7
2) Agree37648.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree19825.6
4) Disagree445.7
5) Strongly disagree101.3
Missing317
Total772100.0
106) J1_B Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption helps to reduce the number of children in need of a safe and nurturing family (J1_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19325.0
2) Agree45759.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree9412.2
4) Disagree253.2
5) Strongly disagree40.5
Missing316
Total773100.0
107) J1_C Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good alternative for people unable to conceive naturally or for whom pregnancy is a health risk (J1_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31840.6
2) Agree41553.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree445.6
4) Disagree30.4
5) Strongly disagree30.4
Missing306
Total783100.0
108) J1_D Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption provides emotional benefits for the child (J1_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20826.8
2) Agree40452.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree15019.3
4) Disagree131.7
5) Strongly disagree10.1
Missing313
Total776100.0
109) J1_E Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good option for gay people and same sex couples to have children (J1_E)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14118.2
2) Agree30038.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree16821.7
4) Disagree779.9
5) Strongly disagree8811.4
Missing315
Total774100.0
110) J1_F Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption provides an opportunity to give something back to the community (J1_F)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11014.2
2) Agree34544.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree23930.8
4) Disagree648.3
5) Strongly disagree172.2
Missing314
Total775100.0
111) J1_G Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good option for children whose birth family cannot provide safe care (J1_G)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22128.4
2) Agree44256.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree9211.8
4) Disagree172.2
5) Strongly disagree50.6
Missing312
Total777100.0
112) J1_H Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good option to provide care for child with a disability whose family can't care for them (J1_H)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16621.4
2) Agree41353.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree15520.0
4) Disagree354.5
5) Strongly disagree60.8
Missing314
Total775100.0
113) J1_I Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good option to provide care for an Indigenous child whose family can't care for them (J1_I)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15119.6
2) Agree34544.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree21127.3
4) Disagree547.0
5) Strongly disagree111.4
Missing317
Total772100.0
114) J1_J Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a good option for single people to become parents (J1_J)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree8310.7
2) Agree23129.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree22629.2
4) Disagree16521.3
5) Strongly disagree688.8
Missing316
Total773100.0
115) J1_K Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. Adoption is a better option for children compared to staying in long-term foster care (J1_K)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16531.9
2) Agree26751.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree8015.5
4) Disagree51.0
Missing572
Total517100.0
116) J2 Intercountry adoption is the adoption of a child who is a citizen of one country by adoptive parents who are citizens of a different country (i.e., adopting a child from overseas to Australia). In general, what is your opinion of intercountry adoption? (J2)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely favourable9311.7
2) Very favourable12115.3
3) Favourable25632.3
4) Somewhat favourable22528.4
5) Not at all fabourable9812.4
Missing296
Total793100.0
117) J3 Local adoption occurs domestically and is where a parent voluntarily relinquishes care of their child. Children are typically under the age of two, and the birth parents are usually involved in helping select adoptive parents. In general, what is your opinion of local adoption? (J3)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely favourable16721.1
2) Very favourable21927.6
3) Favourable27935.2
4) Somewhat favourable10212.9
5) Not at all fabourable263.3
Missing296
Total793100.0
118) J4 Adoption from out-of-home care occurs domestically and is where children who are in out-of-home care, typically foster care, are adopted by their foster carers. There have recently been changes in some states to allow more children to be adopted from out-of-home care when it is not safe for them to return to their families. In general, what is your opinion of adoption from out-of-home care? (J4)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely favourable17622.3
2) Very favourable22528.6
3) Favourable28035.5
4) Somewhat favourable9411.9
5) Not at all fabourable131.6
Missing301
Total788100.0
119) J5 In general, do you think that we as a society should be doing more, less, or are doing about the right amount to encourage adoption? (J5)
 TOTAL%
1) More45857.6
2) Less182.3
3) Right amount12716.0
4) Not sure19224.2
Missing294
Total795100.0
120) J6_A Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to know who their birth parents are (J6_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14918.9
2) Agree36646.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree23629.9
4) Disagree364.6
5) Strongly disagree30.4
Missing299
Total790100.0
121) J6_B Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to have information on their family history (J6_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22028.1
2) Agree43555.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree10613.6
4) Disagree192.4
5) Strongly disagree20.3
Missing307
Total782100.0
122) J6_C Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to have regular face-to-face meetings with their birth families (J6_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree293.7
2) Agree9612.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree46258.9
4) Disagree17622.4
5) Strongly disagree212.7
Missing305
Total784100.0
123) J6_D Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to have regular indirect contact with their birth families (e.g., letters, phone calls, social media) (J6_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree354.5
2) Agree13317.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree45958.5
4) Disagree14017.9
5) Strongly disagree172.2
Missing305
Total784100.0
124) J6_E Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to have contact with other relatives, including siblings and grandparents (J6_E)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree678.6
2) Agree28636.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree35245.4
4) Disagree638.1
5) Strongly disagree81.0
Missing313
Total776100.0
125) J6_F Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to have information about their cultural background (J6_F)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21827.8
2) Agree43855.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree10313.1
4) Disagree222.8
5) Strongly disagree30.4
Missing305
Total784100.0
126) J6_G Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about adoption. It is important for adopted children to be raised by a family with the same cultural background (J6_G)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree354.5
2) Agree15319.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree33142.1
4) Disagree23830.3
5) Strongly disagree293.7
Missing303
Total786100.0
127) AU_SEX K1 Now we would like to finish up by asking you some questions about your background. The information you provide is totally confidential and will be used only for this research. Are you...? (AU_SEX)
 TOTAL%
1) Male52249.2
2) Female53950.8
Missing28
Total1061100.0
128) CURRSTUD K3 Are you currently in school or studying in higher education? (CURRSTUD)
 TOTAL%
1) I am still at school20.2
2) I am still at college/university/in vocational training535.2
3) No I am not currently in school, college, university or in vocational training96894.6
Missing66
Total1023100.0
129) AUEDUCYRS K4 How many full years of schooling or education have you had? Please include primary and secondary schooling, university and full-time vocational training, but do not include repeated years. If you are currently in education count the number of years you have completed so far. (AUEDUCYRS)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total99914.714.41
130) SCHYR K5 What is the highest year of schooling you have completed? (SCHYR)
 TOTAL%
1) Year 12 or equivalent67764.9
2) Year 11 or equivalent858.1
3) Year 10 or equivalent24423.4
4) Completed primary school333.2
5) Completed pre-primary school20.2
6) Did not go to school20.2
Missing46
Total1043100.0
131) NONSCHED K6 What is the highest educational qualification you have completed outside of school? (NONSCHED)
 TOTAL%
1) Doctorate by research171.7
3) Master's degree10210.0
4) Graduate diploma828.0
5) Graduate certificate373.6
6) Bachelor's degree19519.1
7) Advanced diploma or associate degree353.4
8) Diploma10810.6
9) Certificate IV999.7
10) Certificate III696.7
11) Certificate II212.1
12) Certificate I111.1
13) No post-school qualification24724.1
Missing66
Total1023100.0
132) LGBTQ K7 Do you identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ+)? : (LGBTQ)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes454.3
2) No100495.7
Missing40
Total1049100.0
133) AU_WORK K8 Are you currently working for pay, did you work for pay in the past, or have you never been in paid work? By work we mean doing income-producing work, as an employee, self-employed or working for your own family's business, for at least one hour per week. If you temporarily are not working for pay because of temporary illness/parental leave/vacation/strike, etc., please refer to your normal work situation. (AU_WORK)
 TOTAL%
1) I am currently in paid work58856.0
2) I am currently not in paid work but I had paid work in the past (skip to K10)45143.0
3) I have never had paid work (skip to K17)111.0
Missing39
Total1050100.0
134) AU_WRKHRS K9 How many hours, on average, do you usually work for pay in a normal week, including overtime? If you work for more than one employer, or if you are both employed and self-employed, please count the total number of working hours that you do. (AU_WRKHRS)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total57336.9114.15
135) AU_EMPREL K10 The next questions deal with some more details on your work situation. Are/were you an employee, self-employed, or working for your own family's business? If you work for more than one employer, or if you are both employed and self-employed, please refer to your main job. If you are retired or not currently working, please refer to your last main job. (AU_EMPREL)
 TOTAL%
1) An employee81480.4
2) Self-employed without employees939.2
3) Self-employed with one to nine employees515.0
4) Self-employed with 10 employees or more272.7
5) Working for your own family's business272.7
Missing77
Total1012100.0
136) AU_WRKSUP K11 Did/do you supervise other employees? (AU_WRKSUP)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes45444.2
2) No57255.8
Missing63
Total1026100.0
137) AU_NSUP K11other How many employees do/did you supervise? (AU_NSUP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total41420.9071.04
138) AU_TYPORG1 K12 Do/did you work for a for-profit organisation or for a non-profit organisation? (AU_TYPORG1)
 TOTAL%
1) I work/ed for a for-profit organisation67768.9
2) I work/ed for a non-profit organisation30531.1
Missing107
Total982100.0
139) AU_TYPORG2 K13 Do/did you work for a public or private employer? (AU_TYPORG2)
 TOTAL%
1) Public employer33734.1
2) Private employer65165.9
Missing101
Total988100.0
140) RANZSCO0 K14ANZSCO1 What is/was your occupation - i.e., what is/was the name or title of your main job? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 0 (RANZSCO0)
 TOTAL%
0) Operational codes (Aus)10910.0
1) Managers15514.3
2) Professionals31028.5
3) Technicians and trades workers12411.4
4) Community and personal service workers756.9
5) Clerical and administrative workers15514.3
6) Sales workers494.5
7) Machinery operators and drivers524.8
8) Labourers575.2
Missing3
Total1086100.0
141) RANZSCO1 K14 What is/was your occupation - i.e., what is/was the name or title of your main job? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 1 (RANZSCO1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total972243.034,529.61
142) RANZSIC0 What does/did the firm/organisation you work/worked for mainly make or do - i.e., what kind of production/function is/was performed at your workplace? Code for group: ANZSIC Level: 0 (RANZSIC0)
 TOTAL%
1) Agriculture forestry and fishing262.4
2) Mining211.9
3) Manufacturing807.4
4) Electricity gas water and waste services191.8
5) Construction474.3
6) Wholesale trade141.3
7) Retail trade837.7
8) Accommodation and food services312.9
9) Transport postal and warehousing514.7
10) Information media and telecommunications211.9
11) Financial and insurance services323.0
12) Rental hiring and real estate services141.3
13) Professional scientific and technical services656.0
14) Administrative and support services161.5
15) Public administration and safety656.0
16) Education and training11810.9
17) Health care and social assistance14313.2
18) Arts and recreation services141.3
19) Other services333.0
20) Blank18717.3
21) Not codeable40.4
Missing5
Total1084100.0
143) RANZSIC1 What does/did the firm/organisation you work/worked for mainly make or do - i.e., what kind of production/function is/was performed at your workplace? ANZSIC Level: 1 (RANZSIC1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total86758.8126.06
144) AU_MAINSTAT K17 Which of the following best describes your current situation? If you temporarily are not working because of temporary illness/parental leave/vacation/strike etc., please refer to your normal work situation. (AU_MAINSTAT)
 TOTAL%
1) In paid work (as an employee, self-employed, or working for your own family's business)55353.8
2) Unemployed and looking for a job313.0
3) In education (not paid for by employer), in school/student/pupil even if on vacation191.9
5) Permanently sick or disabled323.1
6) Retired32631.7
7) Doing housework, looking after the home, children or other persons444.3
9) Other222.1
Missing62
Total1027100.0
145) AU_PARTLIV K18 Do you have a spouse or a partner and, if yes, do you share the same household? (AU_PARTLIV)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have a spouse/partner and we share the same household75271.2
2) Yes, I have a spouse/partner but we don't share the same household323.0
3) No, I don't have a spouse/partner27225.8
Missing33
Total1056100.0
146) AU_SPWORK K19 The next questions deal with the work situation of your spouse/partner. Is your spouse/partner currently working for pay, did he/she work for pay in the past, or has he/she never been paid work? By work we mean doing income-producing work, as an employee, self-employed or working for his/her own family's business, for at least one hour per week. If he/she temporarily is not working for pay because of temporary illness/parental leave/vacation/strike, etc., please refer to his/her normal work situation. (AU_SPWORK)
 TOTAL%
1) He/she is currently in paid work45459.6
2) He/she is currently not in paid work but he/she had paid work in the past (skip to K21)29138.2
3) He/she has never had paid work (skip to K26)172.2
Missing327
Total762100.0
147) AU_SPWORKHRS K20 How many hours, on average, does your spouse/partner usually work for pay in a normal week, including overtime? If he/she works for more than one employer, or if he/she is both employed and self-employed, please count the total number of working hours that he/she does. (AU_SPWORKHRS)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total43037.9413.98
148) AU_SPEMPREL K21 The next questions deal with some more details on your spouse's/partner's work situation. Is/was your spouse/partner an employee, self-employed, or working for his/her own family's business? If he/she works for more than one employer, or if he/she is both employed and self-employed, please refer to his/her main job. If he/she is retired or is not currently working, please refer to his/her last main job. (AU_SPEMPREL)
 TOTAL%
1) An employee58980.5
2) Self-employed without employees7710.5
3) Self-employed with one to nine employees354.8
4) Self-employed with 10 employees or more111.5
5) Working for his/her own family's business202.7
Missing357
Total732100.0
149) AU_SPWRKSUP K22 Does/did your spouse/partner supervise other employees? (AU_SPWRKSUP)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes30341.6
2) No42658.4
Missing360
Total729100.0
150) PANZSCO0 K23 What is/was your spouse's/partner's occupation - i.e., what is/was the name or title of his/her main job? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 0 (PANZSCO0)
 TOTAL%
0) Operational codes (Aus)41137.8
1) Managers999.1
2) Professionals18817.3
3) Technicians and trades workers938.5
4) Community and personal service workers666.1
5) Clerical and administrative workers11310.4
6) Sales workers484.4
7) Machinery operators and drivers282.6
8) Labourers423.9
Missing1
Total1088100.0
151) PANZSCO1 K23 What is/was your spouse's/partner's occupation - i.e., what is/was the name or title of his/her main job? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 1 (PANZSCO1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total681918.529,337.81
152) PANZSIC0 K25 What does/did the firm/organisation he/she work/worked for mainly make or do - i.e., what kind of production/function is/was performed at his/her workplace? Code for group: ANZSIC Level: 0 (PANZSIC0)
 TOTAL%
1) Agriculture forestry and fishing151.4
2) Mining90.8
3) Manufacturing534.9
4) Electricity gas water and waste services100.9
5) Construction413.8
6) Wholesale trade60.6
7) Retail trade645.9
8) Accommodation and food services272.5
9) Transport postal and warehousing282.6
10) Information media and telecommunications201.8
11) Financial and insurance services222.0
12) Rental hiring and real estate services70.6
13) Professional scientific and technical services524.8
14) Administrative and support services151.4
15) Public administration and safety555.1
16) Education and training777.1
17) Health care and social assistance978.9
18) Arts and recreation services121.1
19) Other services211.9
20) Blank45041.4
21) Not codeable70.6
Missing1
Total1088100.0
153) PANZSIC1 K25 What does/did the firm/organisation he/she work/worked for mainly make or do - i.e., what kind of production/function is/was performed at his/her workplace? Code for group: ANZSIC Level: 1 (PANZSIC1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total61759.3825.17
154) AU_SPMAINSTAT K26 Which of the following best describes your spouse's/partner's current situation? If he/she temporarily is not working because of temporary illness/parental leave/vacation/strike etc., please refer to his/her normal work situation. (AU_SPMAINSTAT)
 TOTAL%
1) In paid work (as an employee, self-employed, or working for his/her own family's business)42757.5
2) Unemployed and looking for a job182.4
3) In education (not paid for by employer), in school/student/pupil even if on vacation40.5
4) Apprentice or trainee10.1
5) Permanently sick or disabled192.6
6) Retired22930.8
7) Doing housework, looking after the home, children or other persons314.2
8) Other141.9
Missing346
Total743100.0
155) AU_UNION K27 Are you or have you ever been a member of a trade union or similar organisation? If yes: is that currently or only previously? (AU_UNION)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, currently12311.9
2) Yes, previously but not currently40138.7
3) No, never51149.4
Missing54
Total1035100.0
156) AU_RELIG K28 Do you belong to a religion and, if yes, which religion do you belong to? (AU_RELIG)
 TOTAL%
1) No religion46144.2
2) Catholic22521.6
3) Protestant484.6
4) Anglican/Church of England11611.1
5) Uniting Church/Methodist494.7
6) Pentecostal121.2
7) Orthodox191.8
8) Other Christian343.3
9) Jewish40.4
10) Islamic60.6
11) Buddhist212.0
12) Hindu101.0
13) Other Asian religions30.3
14) Other religions - please specify343.3
Missing47
Total1042100.0
157) AU_ATTEND K29 Apart from such special occasions as weddings, funerals, etc., how often do you attend religious services? (AU_ATTEND)
 TOTAL%
1) Several times a week or more often343.2
2) Once a week827.8
3) Two to three times a month252.4
4) Once a month272.6
5) Several times a year11010.5
6) Once a year747.1
7) Less frequently than once a year15314.6
8) Never54351.8
Missing41
Total1048100.0
158) PARTYAFF K30 Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular political party and, if yes, which party is that? (PARTYAFF)
 TOTAL%
1) Labor Party (ALP)23022.1
2) Liberal Party23722.8
3) National (Country) Party403.8
5) Greens858.2
8) No party affiliation40438.8
9) Other party (please specify)454.3
Missing48
Total1041100.0
159) AU_VOTE_LE K31 Did you vote in Australia's federal election in May 2019? (AU_VOTE_LE)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, I did vote102297.4
2) No, I did not vote232.2
3) I was not eligible to vote in the last election40.4
Missing40
Total1049100.0
160) AU_PRTY K32 Thinking back to the last federal election in May 2019 - Which party did you vote for? (AU_PRTY)
 TOTAL%
1) Labor Party (ALP)36137.8
2) Liberal Party38940.7
3) National (Country) Party454.7
5) Greens959.9
6) Other party (please specify)656.8
Missing134
Total955100.0
161) AU_R_BORN K33 What country were you born in? (AU_R_BORN)
 TOTAL%
1) Australia77974.1
2) Overseas - Please specify country27225.9
Missing38
Total1051100.0
162) RSACC0 K33 What country were you born in? - Overseas - Please specify country; Respondent COB - Code for group: SACC Level: 0 (RSACC0)
 TOTAL%
0) Error464.2
1) Oceana and Antarctica80574.0
2) Northwest Europe1009.2
3) Southern and Eastern Europe302.8
4) North Africa and the Middle East90.8
5) Southeast Asia262.4
6) Northeast Asia222.0
7) Southern and Central Asia171.6
8) Americas151.4
9) Sub-Saharan Africa181.7
Missing1
Total1088100.0
163) RSACC1 K33 What country were you born in? - Overseas - Please specify country; Respondent COB - Code for group: SACC Level: 1 (RSACC1)
 TOTAL%
0) Inadequately described10.1
11) Australia (includes External Territories)77974.7
12) New Zealand181.7
13) Melanesia20.2
15) Polynesia (excludes Hawaii)60.6
21) United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man838.0
22) Ireland30.3
23) Western Europe111.1
24) Northern Europe30.3
31) Southern Europe90.9
32) South Eastern Europe111.1
33) Eastern Europe101.0
41) North Africa20.2
42) Middle East70.7
51) Mainland Southeast Asia151.4
52) Maritime Southeast Asia111.1
61) Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia)161.5
62) Japan and the Koreas60.6
71) Southern Asia171.6
81) Northern America90.9
82) South America40.4
83) Central America20.2
91) Central and West Africa50.5
92) Southern and East Africa131.2
Missing46
Total1043100.0
164) AU_M_BORN K34 What country was your mother born in? (AU_M_BORN)
 TOTAL%
1) Australia65562.6
2) Overseas - Please specify country39237.4
Missing42
Total1047100.0
165) MSACC0 K34 What country was your mother born in? - Overseas - Please specify country; Code for group: SACC Level 0 (MSACC0)
 TOTAL%
0) Error625.7
1) Oceania and Antarctica67662.1
2) Northwest Europe16114.8
3) Southern and Eastern Europe686.3
4) North Africa and the Middle East121.1
5) Southeast Asia302.8
6) Northeast Asia252.3
7) Southern and Central Asia232.1
8) Americas141.3
9) Sub-Saharan Africa171.6
Missing1
Total1088100.0
166) MSACC1 K34 What country was your mother born in? - Overseas - Please specify country; Code for group: SACC Level 1 (MSACC1)
 TOTAL%
11) Australia (includes External Territories)65563.8
12) New Zealand151.5
13) Melanesia10.1
15) Polynesia (excludes Hawaii)50.5
21) United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man12011.7
22) Ireland60.6
23) Western Europe313.0
24) Northern Europe40.4
31) Southern Europe242.3
32) South Eastern Europe222.1
33) Eastern Europe222.1
41) North Africa10.1
42) Middle East111.1
51) Mainland Southeast Asia151.5
52) Maritime Southeast Asia151.5
61) Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia)201.9
62) Japan and the Koreas50.5
71) Southern Asia232.2
81) Northern America80.8
82) South America40.4
83) Central America20.2
91) Central and West Africa50.5
92) Southern and East Africa121.2
Missing63
Total1026100.0
167) AU_F_BORN K35 And what year was your father born in? (AU_F_BORN)
 TOTAL%
1) Australia61458.6
2) Overseas - Please specify country43341.4
Missing42
Total1047100.0
168) FSACC0 K35 And what country was your father born in? - Overseas - Please specify country; Code for group: SACC Level 0 (FSACC0)
 TOTAL%
0) Error726.6
1) Oceania and Antarctica64058.8
2) Northwest Europe16915.5
3) Southern and Eastern Europe787.2
4) North Africa and the Middle East131.2
5) Southeast Asia292.7
6) Northeast Asia262.4
7) Southern and Central Asia211.9
8) Americas181.7
9) Sub-Saharan Africa222.0
Missing1
Total1088100.0
169) FSACC1 K35 And what country was your father born in? - Overseas - Please specify country; Code for group: SACC Level 1 (FSACC1)
 TOTAL%
3) Not stated40.4
11) Australia (includes External Territories)61460.2
12) New Zealand212.1
15) Polynesia (excludes Hawaii)50.5
21) United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man13313.0
22) Ireland101.0
23) Western Europe232.3
24) Northern Europe30.3
31) Southern Europe323.1
32) South Eastern Europe262.5
33) Eastern Europe202.0
41) North Africa20.2
42) Middle East111.1
51) Mainland Southeast Asia171.7
52) Maritime Southeast Asia121.2
61) Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia)202.0
62) Japan and the Koreas60.6
71) Southern Asia212.1
81) Northern America90.9
82) South America60.6
83) Central America20.2
84) Caribbean10.1
91) Central and West Africa50.5
92) Southern and East Africa171.7
Missing69
Total1020100.0
170) AU_MWORK K36 When you were 15 years old, was your mother an employee, self-employed, or working for her own family's business? If your mother did not have a paid job at the time, please give her information about her last job before that time. (AU_MWORK)
 TOTAL%
1) Employee55853.6
2) Self-employed without employees464.4
3) Self-employed with employees222.1
4) Working for own family's business1019.7
5) Mother never had a paid job26025.0
6) Mother unknown40.4
8) Can't choose504.8
Missing48
Total1041100.0
171) AU_FWORK K37 When you were 15 years old, was your father an employee, self-employed, or working for his own family's business? If your father did not have a paid job at the time, please give her information about his last job before that time. (AU_FWORK)
 TOTAL%
1) Employee67765.0
2) Self-employed without employees12011.5
3) Self-employed with employees1009.6
4) Working for own family's business938.9
5) Father never had a paid job80.8
6) Father unknown151.4
8) Can't choose292.8
Missing47
Total1042100.0
172) MANZSCO0 K38 When you were 15 years old, what kind of work did your mother do; what was her main occupation? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 0 (mother) (MANZSCO0)
 TOTAL%
0) Operational codes (Aus)40237.0
1) Managers746.8
2) Professionals14713.5
3) Technicians and trades workers464.2
4) Community and personal service workers585.3
5) Clerical and administrative workers16014.7
6) Sales workers857.8
7) Machinery operators and drivers151.4
8) Labourers1009.2
Missing2
Total1087100.0
173) MANZSCO1 K38 When you were 15 years old, what kind of work did your mother do; what was her main occupation? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 1 (mother) (MANZSCO1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total95628,469.1245,095.91
174) FANZSCO0 K39 When you were 15 years old, what kind of work did your father do; what was his main occupation? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 0 (father) (FANZSCO0)
 TOTAL%
0) Operational codes (Aus)21019.3
1) Managers18216.7
2) Professionals15914.6
3) Technicians and trades workers21119.4
4) Community and personal service workers373.4
5) Clerical and administrative workers696.3
6) Sales workers393.6
7) Machinery operators and drivers817.5
8) Labourers999.1
Missing2
Total1087100.0
175) FANZSCO1 K39 When you were 15 years old, what kind of work did your father do; what was his main occupation? Code for group: ANZSCO2013v1.2 Level: 1 (father) (FANZSCO1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9155,387.7022,493.06
176) ANC_ENG K40_A What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - English (ANC_ENG)
 TOTAL%
1) English513100.0
Missing576
Total513100.0
177) ANC_IE K40_B What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Irish (ANC_IE)
 TOTAL%
1) Irish196100.0
Missing893
Total196100.0
178) ANC_IT K40_C What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Italian (ANC_IT)
 TOTAL%
1) Italian51100.0
Missing1038
Total51100.0
179) ANC_DE K40_D What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - German (ANC_DE)
 TOTAL%
1) German82100.0
Missing1007
Total82100.0
180) ANC_CN K40_E What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Chinese (ANC_CN)
 TOTAL%
1) Chinese39100.0
Missing1050
Total39100.0
181) ANC_SCO K40_A What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Scottish (ANC_SCO)
 TOTAL%
1) Scottish181100.0
Missing908
Total181100.0
182) ANC_GR K40_G What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Greek (ANC_GR)
 TOTAL%
1) Greek16100.0
Missing1073
Total16100.0
183) ANC_NL K40_H What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Dutch (ANC_NL)
 TOTAL%
1) Dutch26100.0
Missing1063
Total26100.0
184) ANC_LB K40_I What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Lebanese (ANC_LB)
 TOTAL%
1) Lebanese8100.0
Missing1081
Total8100.0
185) ANC_IN K40_J What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Indian (ANC_IN)
 TOTAL%
1) Indian16100.0
Missing1073
Total16100.0
186) ANC_VN K40_K What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Vietnamese (ANC_VN)
 TOTAL%
1) Vietnamese12100.0
Missing1077
Total12100.0
187) ANC_PL K40_L What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Polish (ANC_PL)
 TOTAL%
1) Polish19100.0
Missing1070
Total19100.0
188) ANC_AU K40_A What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Australian (ANC_AU)
 TOTAL%
1) Australian245100.0
Missing844
Total245100.0
189) ANC_OTH K40_N What is your ancestry? (Provide up to 2 ancestries only.) - Other, please specify (ANC_OTH)
 TOTAL%
1) Other, please specify178100.0
Missing911
Total178100.0
190) ATSI K41 Do you identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander? (ATSI)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes373.6
2) No100096.4
Missing52
Total1037100.0
191) HH_ADULT K42_A Including yourself, how many people - including children - usually live in your household? - Adults of 18 years and older (HH_ADULT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9302.270.97
192) HH_CH517 K42_B Including yourself, how many people - including children - usually live in your household? - Children between five to 17 years of age (HH_CH517)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1981.730.82
193) HH_CH04 K42_C Including yourself, how many people - including children - usually live in your household? - Children up to and including the age of four (HH_CH04)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total831.300.56
194) HH_TOT K42_D Including yourself, how many people - including children - usually live in your household? - This makes a total of how many people? (HH_TOT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total6632.761.48
195) TELFIXHH K43 Is there at least one telephone inside your home that is currently working and is not a mobile phone? (TELFIXHH)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes58056.0
2) No45543.9
3) Don't know10.1
Missing53
Total1036100.0
196) TELMOBHH K44 How many people in your household, including yourself, have a currently-working mobile phone? (TELMOBHH)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total10072.351.27
197) INTERNET K45 In your home, do you have a computer (such as a PC, laptop or iPad) that is connected to the Internet? (INTERNET)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes94391.3
2) No898.6
3) Don't know10.1
Missing56
Total1033100.0
198) RINCOME K46 Before taxes and other deductions, what on average is your own total YEARLY income? (per year $) (RINCOME)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total81188,471.29307,312.93
199) HHINCOME K47 Before taxes and other deductions, what on average is the total YEARLY income of your household? (per year $) (HHINCOME)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total805139,215.91267,839.99
200) AU_MARITAL K48 What is your current legal marital status? (AU_MARITAL)
 TOTAL%
1) Married64963.1
2) Separated from my spouse but still legally married222.1
3) Divorced from spouse959.2
4) Widowed515.0
5) I have never been married21220.6
Missing60
Total1029100.0
201) AU_URBRURAL K49 Would you describe the place where you live as...? (AU_URBRURAL)
 TOTAL%
1) A big city17216.6
2) The suburbs or outskirts of a big city44242.6
3) A town or a small city27226.2
4) A country village706.8
5) A farm or home in the country817.8
Missing52
Total1037100.0
202) HHOWN K50 Do you own outright, are you buying or renting the dwelling in which you now live? (HHOWN)
 TOTAL%
1) Own outright46544.8
2) Own, paying off mortgage34633.4
3) Rent from private landlord14013.5
4) Rent from public housing authority181.7
5) Other (boarding, living at home, etc.)686.6
Missing52
Total1037100.0
203) SRHEALTH K51 In general, would you say your health is...? (SRHEALTH)
 TOTAL%
1) Excellent13212.5
2) Very good37235.2
3) Good33932.1
4) Fair16115.2
5) Poor514.8
8) Can't choose20.2
Missing32
Total1057100.0
204) ENV_HEALTH K52 Do you worry that your health is being negatively affected by any of the following man-made environmental factors? (ENV_HEALTH)
 TOTAL%
1) Chemical toxins in sprays, perfumes, and food12211.7
2) Electromagnetic fields from mobile phones/towers201.9
3) Cigarette smoke656.3
4) Chemical toxins and cigarette smoke but not mobile phones/towers413.9
5) Chemical toxins and mobile phones/towers but not cigarette smoke272.6
6) Mobile phones/towers and cigarette smoke but not chemical toxins141.3
7) I am worried that all three factors (chemical toxins, mobile phones/towers and cigarette smoke) are affecting my health21120.3
8) I am not worried about any of these factors affecting my health54051.9
Missing49
Total1040100.0
205) SOCCLASS K53 Most people see themselves as belonging to a particular class. Please tell me which social class you would say you belong to? (SOCCLASS)
 TOTAL%
1) Lower class323.1
2) Working class22221.3
3) Lower middle class17116.4
4) Middle class51449.2
5) Upper middle class989.4
6) Upper class70.7
Missing45
Total1044100.0
206) DAYCOMP L1_A What is the DAY that you mostly filled out this questionnaire? (DAYCOMP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24912.579.57
207) MONCOMP L1_B What is the MONTH that you mostly filled out this questionnaire? (MONCOMP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2515.960.57
208) MINCOMP L3 About how many minutes did it take you to fill out this questionnaire? (MINCOMP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24340.4427.01
209) FORMID QUEXF Form ID (FORMID)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total108928,727.96452.08
210) BARCODE BARCODE QUEXF Barcode (BARCODE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1089221,997.102,565.16
211) STATE State (STATE)
212) COMPLETE Date of scanning (COMPLETE)
213) WAVE AuSSA Wave (WAVE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total10892.511.11
214) AU_WEIGHT SWEIGHT Weight (AU_WEIGHT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total10891.000.95
215) STATEMAP State mapping variable (STATEMAP)
 TOTAL%
1) NSW32029.4
2) Vic29827.4
3) Qld21019.3
4) SA978.9
5) WA11010.1
6) Tas272.5
7) NT60.6
8) ACT211.9
Total1089100.0
216) AU_BIRTHGRP RECODE AU_BIRTH (When were you born?) (AU_BIRTHGRP)
 TOTAL%
1) Before 193090.9
2) 1931-1940646.4
3) 1941-195017016.9
4) 1951-196026526.4
5) 1961-197019018.9
6) 1971-198013213.2
7) 1981-199010010.0
8) 1991-2000707.0
9) After 200030.3
Missing86
Total1003100.0
217) D2OTHERRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (D2OTHERRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
218) F4OTHERRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (F4OTHERRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
219) I1OTHERRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (I1OTHERRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
220) AU_BIRTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (AU_BIRTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
221) JOBTITLE1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (JOBTITLE1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
222) JOBTITLE2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access\V (JOBTITLE2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
223) JOBTITLE3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (JOBTITLE3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
224) RANZSCO2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (RANZSCO2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
225) RANZSCO3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (RANZSCO3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
226) JOBACT1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (JOBACT1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
227) JOBACT2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (JOBACT2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
228) JOBACT3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (JOBACT3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
229) INDUST1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (INDUST1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
230) INDUST2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (INDUST2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
231) INDUST3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (INDUST3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
232) RANZSIC2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (RANZSIC2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
233) RANZSIC3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (RANZSIC3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
234) SPJOBTITLE1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPJOBTITLE1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
235) SPJOBTITLE2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPJOBTITLE2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
236) SPJOBTITLE3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPJOBTITLE3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
237) PANZSCO2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (PANZSCO2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
238) PANZSCO3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (PANZSCO3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
239) SPJOBACT1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPJOBACT1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
240) SPJOBACT2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPJOBACT2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
241) SPJOBACT3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPJOBACT3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
242) SPINDUST1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPINDUST1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
243) SPINDUST2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPINDUST2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
244) SPINDUST3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (SPINDUST3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
245) PANZSIC2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (PANZSIC2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
246) PANZSIC3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (PANZSIC3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
247) AU_RELIGOTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (AU_RELIGOTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
248) PARTYAFFOTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (PARTYAFFOTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
249) AU_PRTYOTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (AU_PRTYOTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
250) AU_R_BORNOTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (AU_R_BORNOTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
251) RSACC2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (RSACC2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
252) AU_M_BORNOTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (AU_M_BORNOTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
253) MSACC2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (MSACC2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
254) AU_F_BORNOTHRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (AU_F_BORNOTHRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
255) FSACC2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FSACC2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
256) MJOBTITLE1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (MJOBTITLE1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
257) MJOBTITLE2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (MJOBTITLE2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
258) MJOBTITLE3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (MJOBTITLE3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
259) MANZSCO2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (MANZSCO2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
260) MANZSCO3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (MANZSCO3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
261) FJOBTITLE1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FJOBTITLE1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
262) FJOBTITLE2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FJOBTITLE2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
263) FJOBTITLE3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FJOBTITLE3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
264) FANZSCO1RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FANZSCO1RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
265) FANZSCO2RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FANZSCO2RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
266) FANZSCO3RES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (FANZSCO3RES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
267) ANC_OTHSPECRES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (ANC_OTHSPECRES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
268) POSTCODERES RESTRICTED VARIABLE - Contact ADA to request access (POSTCODERES)
 TOTAL%
9999) Restricted Data1089100.0
Total1089100.0
269) AU_ATTEND K29 Apart from such special occasions as weddings, funerals, etc., how often do you attend religious services? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
 TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more often11611.1
2) Between several times a month and several times a year16215.5
3) Once a year747.1
4) Less frequently than once a year15314.6
5) Never54351.8
Missing41
Total1048100.0
270) RINCOME K46 Before taxes and other deductions, what on average is your own total YEARLY income? (per year $) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
 TOTAL%
1) $20,000 or less14618.0
2) Between $20,000 and $30,0009411.6
3) Between $30,000 and $50,00014117.4
4) Between $50,000 and $75,00014517.9
5) Between $75,000 and $100,00013416.5
6) Greater than $100,00015118.6
Missing278
Total811100.0
271) AU_MARITAL K48 What is your current legal marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
 TOTAL%
1) Married64963.1
2) Separated from my spouse but still legally married222.1
3) Divorced from spouse959.2
4) Widowed515.0
5) I have never been married21220.6
Missing60
Total1029100.0
272) PARTYAFF K30 Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular political party and, if yes, which party is that? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
 TOTAL%
1) Labor Party (ALP)23022.1
2) Liberal Party23722.8
3) Other party (including National (Country) Party and Greens)17016.3
4) No party affiliation40438.8
Missing48
Total1041100.0
273) AU_RELIG K28 Do you belong to a religion and, if yes, which religion do you belong to? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
 TOTAL%
1) No religion46144.2
2) Catholic22521.6
3) Protestant (including Anglican/Church of England, Uniting Church/Methodist, Pentecostal, Other Christian)25924.9
4) Other religions (including Orthodox, Jewish, Islamic, Buddhist, Hindu, other Asian religions)979.3
Missing47
Total1042100.0
274) AU_SEX K1 Now we would like to finish up by asking you some questions about your background. The information you provide is totally confidential and will be used only for this research. Are you...? (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
 TOTAL%
1) Male52249.2
2) Female53950.8
Missing28
Total1061100.0

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