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American Mosaic Project - Boundaries in the American Mosaic




Hartmann, D., Edgell, P., Gerteis, J., Croll, P., & Tranby, E. (2021, December 13). American Mosaic Project - Boundaries in the American Mosaic.


The American Mosaic Project (AMP) is a research initiative housed at the University of Minnesota aiming to contribute to an understanding of what brings Americans together, what divides us, and the implications of our diversity for our political and civic life. With support from the Edelstein Family Foundation and the National Science Foundation, the AMP designed the Boundaries in the American Mosaic Survey (BAM), focusing on the social and economic conditions associated with Americans' attitudes towards racial and religious diversity. This survey was fielded to a nationally representative sample in the early spring of 2014. The results provided new insights into what issues Americans are concerned about, who they blame for these perceived social problems, and what these attitudes may mean for the future of social policy formation in the United States. The AMP research team has published findings from the BAM survey in journals like Social Forces, Social Problems, and Sociology of Race and Ethnicity.

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Data File

Cases: 2521
Variables: 332
Weight Variable: WEIGHT1, WEIGHT2

WEIGHT1: Weight for 18-plus U.S. general population benchmarks from the Census Bureau's 2010 Current Population Survey (CPS).

WEIGHT2: Scaled WEIGHT1 to preserve the oversample sizes for American Americans and Hispanics.

Data Collection

Feb. 28, 2014 - March 16, 2014

Original Survey (Instrument)

Boundaries in the American Mosaic

Funded By

The Boundaries in the American Mosaic Survey was supported by the National Science Foundation (grants 1258893 and 1258926) and the David Edelstein Family Foundation.

Collection Procedures

KnowledgePanel members received an email link from GfK to participate in the approximately 30-minute BAM web survey, followed by email and phone reminders after three days of non-response. Of the 4,353 people that were contacted, 2,521 completed the survey for a completion rate of 57.9 percent.

Sampling Procedures

Participants were drawn from GfK Group's KnowledgePanel, a probability-based online panel consisting of approximately 50,000 non-institutionalized adult members of English- and Spanish-speaking households recruited using a combination of probability-based random address sampling and random digit dialing. GfK provides computers for respondent households that lack internet access. The nationally representative BAM survey sample (N=2,521) was drawn from panel members using a probability proportional to size (PPS) weighted sampling approach. The BAM survey respondents included oversamples of African American and Hispanic respondents. Sample weights developed according to 2010 Current Population Survey benchmarks were used to adjust for these oversamples.

Principal Investigators

Douglas Hartmann, Ph.D., Penny Edgell, Ph.D., Joseph Gerteis, Ph.D., Paul Croll, Ph.D., Eric Tranby, Ph.D.

Related Publications

Croll, Paul R. and Joseph Gerteis. 2017. 'Race as an Open Field: Exploring Identity beyond Fixed Choices.' Sociology of Race and Ethnicity 5(1): 55-69.

Croll, P., Tranby, E., Edgell, P., Hartmann, D. 2014. Collaborative proposal: Boundaries in the American Mosaic: Inclusion and Exclusion in the Contemporary United States. National Science Foundation.

Edgell, Penny, Douglas Hartmann, Evan Stewart, and Joseph Gerteis. 2016. 'Atheists and Other Cultural Outsiders: Moral Boundaries and the Non-Religious in the United States.' Social Forces 95(2): 607-638.

Delehanty, Jack, Penny Edgell, and Evan Stewart. 2019. 'Christian America? Secularized Evangelical Discourse and the Boundaries of National Belonging.' Social Forces 97(3): 1283-1306.

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