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Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) - Codebook

All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).

1) CASEID Case Identification Number (CASEID)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52622,633.311,521.60
2) First interview site (V2)
 TOTAL%
1) Miami250347.6
3) Ft. Lauderdale3396.4
4) San Diego242046.0
Total5262100.0
3) Respondent's school name: What is the name of your school? (NAME OF SCHOOL HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM THE FILE.) (V4)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526231.6524.44
4) What grade are you in? (V5)
 TOTAL%
7) Seventh grade10.0
8) Eighth grade283253.8
9) Ninth grade242846.1
10) Tenth grade10.0
Total5262100.0
5) Does [your father] live with you? (V7)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes366069.8
2) No129224.7
3) Father dead or unknown2895.5
Missing21
Total5241100.0
6) [If father does not live with you] If not, where does he live? (V8)
 TOTAL%
1) Same city33228.9
2) Another city in Miami SMSA423.7
3) Another city in Florida585.0
4) Another U.S. state23020.0
5) Abroad33329.0
6) San Diego/neighboring city978.4
7) San Diego County141.2
8) Another city in California443.8
Missing4112
Total1150100.0
7) In what country was your father born? (V9)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total513063.8728.36
8) (If father born in a foreign country) In what year approximately did he come to the U.S.? (V10)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total242776.548.91
9) (If father born in a foreign country) Is your father now a U.S. citizen? (V11)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes239875.9
2) No76124.1
Missing2103
Total3159100.0
10) Does your mother live with you? (V13)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes488294.5
2) No2855.5
Missing95
Total5167100.0
11) [If mother does not live with you] If not, where does she live? (V14)
 TOTAL%
1) Same city5822.5
2) Another city in Miami SMSA124.7
3) Another city in Florida83.1
4) Another US state5320.5
5) Abroad7830.2
6) San Diego/neighboring city3011.6
7) San Diego County41.6
8) Another city in California155.8
Missing5004
Total258100.0
12) In what country was your mother born? (V15)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total522965.2126.28
13) (If mother born in a foreign country) In what year approximately did she come to the U.S.? (V16)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total295877.348.37
14) (If mother born in a foreign country) Is your mother now a U.S. citizen? (V17)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes258263.4
2) No149136.6
Missing1189
Total4073100.0
15) You are a: (V18)
 TOTAL%
1) Male257548.9
2) Female268751.1
Total5262100.0
16) How old are you? (V19)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526114.240.86
17) In what month and year were you born? (V20)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total525377.130.80
18) [National Origin] (V21)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526215.1814.97
19) In what country were you born? (V21A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total525834.1237.73
20) How long have you lived in the United States? (V22)
 TOTAL%
1) All my life242046.0
2) Ten years or more138726.4
3) Five to nine years112721.4
4) Less than five years3266.2
Missing2
Total5260100.0
21) Are you a U.S. citizen? (V23)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes333570.3
2) No141029.7
Missing517
Total4745100.0
22) How well do you speak English? (V24)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all330.6
2) Not well1442.7
3) Well101619.4
4) Very well405477.3
Missing15
Total5247100.0
23) How well do you understand English? (V25)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all220.4
2) Not well961.8
3) Well90617.3
4) Very well422280.5
Missing16
Total5246100.0
24) How well do you read English? (V26)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all180.3
2) Not well1893.6
3) Well124923.8
4) Very well379072.2
Missing16
Total5246100.0
25) How well do you write English? (V27)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all320.6
2) Not well2224.2
3) Well132625.3
4) Very well366769.9
Missing15
Total5247100.0
26) Which of the following best describes your present situation? (V28)
 TOTAL%
1) I live with my (biological or adoptive) father and mother.333963.9
2) I live with my father and stepmother (or other female adult).1142.2
3) I live with my mother and stepfather (or other male adult).57811.1
4) I live with my father alone.1102.1
5) I live with my mother alone.85116.3
6) I alternate living with my father and mother who are divorced or separated.1001.9
7) I live with other adult guardians.1172.2
8) Other, please explain:190.4
Missing34
Total5228100.0
27) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? Brothers or stepbrothers, sisters or stepsisters. (V29A)
 TOTAL%
0) None82215.8
1) One172633.2
2) Two142227.3
3) Three65312.6
4) Four2965.7
5) Five1352.6
6) Six741.4
7) Seven400.8
8) Eight or more330.6
Missing61
Total5201100.0
28) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? Grandfather or grandmother. (V29B)
 TOTAL%
0) None436183.9
1) One57611.1
2) Two2414.6
3) Three130.3
4) Four50.1
Missing66
Total5196100.0
29) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? Uncles or aunts. (V29C)
 TOTAL%
0) None466589.8
1) One3306.4
2) Two1502.9
3) Three260.5
4) Four140.3
5) Five40.1
6) Six40.1
7) Seven10.0
8) Eight or more10.0
Missing67
Total5195100.0
30) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? Other relatives. (V29D)
 TOTAL%
0) None481192.6
1) One2023.9
2) Two891.7
3) Three450.9
4) Four230.4
5) Five120.2
6) Six90.2
7) Seven20.0
8) Eight or more40.1
Missing65
Total5197100.0
31) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? Non-relatives. (V29E)
 TOTAL%
0) None487294.1
1) One1673.2
2) Two671.3
3) Three340.7
4) Four190.4
5) Five100.2
6) Six50.1
7) Seven20.0
8) Eight or more40.1
Missing82
Total5180100.0
32) In total, how many people, besides you, live in the same house with you? (V30)
 TOTAL%
0) None150.3
1) One1352.6
2) Two53310.2
3) Three137826.4
4) Four129024.7
5) Five82515.8
6) Six4859.3
7) Seven2605.0
8) Eight or more1422.7
9) Nine801.5
10) Ten390.7
11) Eleven230.4
12) Twelve130.2
13) Thirteen60.1
14) Fourteen40.1
15) Fifteen10.0
Missing33
Total5229100.0
33) In total, how many older brothers (or stepbrothers) and sisters (or stepsisters) do you have? (V31)
 TOTAL%
0) None156230.6
1) One144228.2
2) Two92318.1
3) Three4779.3
4) Four2815.5
5) Five1533.0
6) Six1002.0
7) Seven581.1
8) Eight or more430.8
9) Nine280.5
10) Ten140.3
11) Eleven90.2
12) Twelve60.1
13) Thirteen50.1
14) Fourteen00.0
15) Fifteen20.0
16) Sixteen10.0
17) Seventeen10.0
21) Twenty-one10.0
Missing156
Total5106100.0
34) Speaking about your father (or stepfather or adult man who lives with you), what does he do for a living, that is what is his regular occupation? (V32)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4186432.01273.91
35) Is he [father] working in this occupation now? (V33)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes403990.3
2) No4359.7
Missing788
Total4474100.0
36) What is his [father's] present situation? (V34A)
 TOTAL%
1) Working at different occupation8622.3
2) Unemployed, looking for work19450.4
3) Unemployed, not looking for work10527.3
Missing4877
Total385100.0
37) What is his [father's] current occupation? (V34B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total94552.16320.12
38) How old is he [father] now? (V35)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total367543.747.69
39) What is the highest level of education that he [father] completed? (V36)
 TOTAL%
1) Elementary school or less3949.1
2) Middle school or less3087.1
3) Some high school53112.3
4) High school graduate103624.0
5) Some college/university85219.7
6) College graduate or more120227.8
Missing939
Total4323100.0
40) Speaking about your mother (or step-mother or adult woman who lives with you), what does she do for a living, that is what is her regular occupation? (V37)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4791521.16333.49
41) Is she [mother] working this occupation now? (V38)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes451991.2
2) No4348.8
Missing309
Total4953100.0
42) What is her [mother] present situation? (V39A)
 TOTAL%
1) Working at different occupation7819.3
2) Unemployed, looking for work20951.6
3) Unemployed, not looking for work11829.1
Missing4857
Total405100.0
43) What is her [mother] current occupation? (V39B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total118690.76338.58
44) How old is she [mother] now? (V40)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total406940.306.05
45) What is the highest level of education that she [mother] completed? (V41)
 TOTAL%
1) Elementary school or less50711.1
2) Middle school or less3778.2
3) Some high school60113.1
4) High school graduate113724.8
5) Some college/university89719.6
6) College graduate or more106523.2
Missing678
Total4584100.0
46) Do your parents (or adult guardians) own or rent the house or apartment where you now live? (V42)
 TOTAL%
1) Own285555.0
2) Rent225143.4
3) Lives with relatives501.0
4) Lives with friends/non-relatives30.1
5) Other310.6
Missing72
Total5190100.0
47) Compared to five years ago, do you think your family's economic situation is: (V43)
 TOTAL%
1) Much better104520.0
2) Better176233.8
3) About the same171933.0
4) Worse60311.6
5) Much worse841.6
Missing49
Total5213100.0
48) What do you think your family's economic situation is? (V44)
 TOTAL%
1) Wealthy2224.3
2) Upper-middle class197338.1
3) Lower-middle class190136.7
4) Working class98119.0
5) Poor971.9
Missing88
Total5174100.0
49) What is your job? (V46)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total460493.05232.10
50) How many hours per week do you work at it? (V47)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total41711.548.53
51) Approximately how much do you earn per week in this job? (V48)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total41762.7356.53
52) Do you know a language other than English? (V49)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes483492.0
2) No4188.0
Missing10
Total5252100.0
53) 9If yes) What language is that? (If more than one, please list first the language you know best) (V50)
 TOTAL%
1) Spanish305363.5
2) French561.2
3) Creole (Haitian)1483.1
4) Portuguese90.2
5) Chinese942.0
6) German80.2
7) Dutch40.1
9) Hebrew/Yiddish70.1
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages60612.6
11) Other European languages220.5
12) Other Asian languages280.6
13) Other Middle Eastern languages140.3
14) Other African languages50.1
15) Spanglish511.1
17) Other250.5
20) Vietnamese3256.8
21) Lao1563.2
22) Cambodian791.6
23) Hmong541.1
24) Japanese210.4
25) Korean140.3
26) Thai150.3
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian110.2
Missing457
Total4805100.0
54) How well do you speak that language (or the foreign language that you know best)? (V51)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little3467.2
2) Not well64913.5
3) Well202442.0
4) Very well180537.4
Missing438
Total4824100.0
55) How well do you understand that language? (V52)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little1543.2
2) Not well3246.7
3) Well201541.8
4) Very well233148.3
Missing438
Total4824100.0
56) How well do you read that language? (V53)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little92419.2
2) Not well104621.7
3) Well166534.6
4) Very well118224.5
Missing445
Total4817100.0
57) How well do you write that language? (V54)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little112823.4
2) Not well122425.4
3) Well149731.1
4) Very well96420.0
Missing449
Total4813100.0
58) Do people in your home speak a language other than English? (V55)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes483493.1
2) No3586.9
Missing70
Total5192100.0
59) (If yes) What language is that? (If more than one please list first the language that they use most often) (V56)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total48395.877.31
60) How often do people in your home use this language when they are talking to each other? (Or the language they use most often) (V57)
 TOTAL%
1) Seldom1984.1
2) From time to time56511.7
3) Often159533.0
4) Always248151.3
Missing423
Total4839100.0
61) When you talk to your parents (or guardians), what language do you most often use? (V58)
 TOTAL%
0) English207139.7
1) Spanish203639.0
2) French30.1
3) Creole (Haitian)791.5
4) Portuguese60.1
5) Chinese681.3
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages1232.4
11) Other European languages30.1
12) Other Asian languages130.2
13) Other Middle Eastern languages80.2
14) Other African languages50.1
15) Spanglish1472.8
16) Jive or other popular language10.0
17) Multiple languages350.7
18) Other210.4
20) Vietnamese2975.7
21) Lao1442.8
22) Cambodian701.3
23) Hmong521.0
24) Japanese110.2
25) Korean90.2
26) Thai120.2
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian30.1
Missing45
Total5217100.0
62) In what language do you prefer to speak most of the time? (V59)
 TOTAL%
0) English379873.1
1) Spanish76914.8
2) French90.2
3) Creole (Haitian)260.5
4) Portuguese20.0
5) Chinese300.6
6) German10.0
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages861.7
11) Other European languages50.1
12) Other Asian languages30.1
13) Other Middle Eastern languages40.1
14) Other African languages40.1
15) Spanglish1262.4
17) Other440.8
20) Vietnamese1512.9
21) Lao761.5
22) Cambodian230.4
23) Hmong190.4
24) Japanese40.1
25) Korean80.2
26) Thai70.1
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian30.1
Missing64
Total5198100.0
63) What is the highest level of education you would like to achieve? (V60)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than high school230.4
2) Finish high school2184.2
3) Finish some college2635.0
4) Finish college128424.5
5) Finish a graduate degree344665.8
Missing28
Total5234100.0
64) And realistically speaking, what is the highest level of education that you think you will get? (V61)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than high school280.5
2) Finish high school4829.2
3) Finish some college62912.0
4) Finish college189536.2
5) Finish a graduate degree219642.0
Missing32
Total5230100.0
65) What job would you like to have as an adult? (V62)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4874159.69128.42
66) And realistically speaking, how certain are you of getting this job as an adult? (V63)
 TOTAL%
1) Not certain at all54711.0
2) Pretty certain263853.2
3) Very certain175535.4
4) Other160.3
Missing306
Total4956100.0
67) Among the following job categories, which is the one that comes closest to the job that you would like to have when you become an adult? (V64)
 TOTAL%
1) Factory worker440.9
2) Office clerk921.8
3) Salesperson450.9
4) Technician/computer programmer3326.5
5) Nurse/physical therapist/dietician3005.9
6) Business executive/manager4629.1
7) Engineer60811.9
8) Teacher/professor3366.6
9) Lawyer58311.4
10) Doctor/physician117022.9
11) Other clerical/technical1342.6
12) Other managerial/professional4007.8
13) Actor/entertainer/artist2985.8
14) Other2955.8
Missing163
Total5099100.0
68) And how do you see your chances of getting this job? (V65)
 TOTAL%
1) Very poor490.9
2) Poor3566.9
3) Good318161.6
4) Very good157730.5
Missing99
Total5163100.0
69) If your father (or stepfather) was born in a foreign country, why did he come to the United States? (Please check the answer that most applies) (V66)
 TOTAL%
1) Economic improvement112037.5
2) Political reasons108236.2
3) Reunite/family reasons2648.8
4) Other/educational reasons1023.4
5) Other/personal problems893.0
6) Economic/political reasons391.3
7) Economic improvement, reunite/family reasons160.5
8) Political, reunite/family reasons60.2
9) Other2689.0
Missing2276
Total2986100.0
70) (If father or stepfather born in a foreign country) Does he identify himself as an American now? (V67)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes85619.3
2) No359080.7
Missing816
Total4446100.0
71) (If V67 is no) How does he identify, that is what does he call himself? (V68)
 TOTAL%
1) Same as country of birth237090.7
2) Latin/Hispanic/Chicano742.8
3) Black/African50.2
4) Asian30.1
6) Arab/Muslim20.1
7) Other nationality512.0
8) Other pan-nationality180.7
9) Mixed nationalities100.4
10) Hmong born in Laos321.2
11) Chinese born in Vietnam361.4
12) Chinese born outside China/Vietnam120.5
Missing2649
Total2613100.0
72) If your mother (or stepmother) was born in a foreign country, why did she come to the United States? (Please check the answer that most applies) (V69)
 TOTAL%
1) Economic improvement112833.7
2) Political reasons102430.6
3) Reunite/family reasons82124.6
4) Other/educational reasons1053.1
5) Other/personal problems792.4
6) Economic/political reasons371.1
7) Economic improvement, reunite/family reasons180.5
8) Political, reunite/family reasons70.2
9) Other1253.7
Missing1918
Total3344100.0
73) (If mother or stepmother born in a foreign country) Does she identify as an American now? (V70)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes96720.3
2) No379379.7
Missing502
Total4760100.0
74) (If V70 is no) How does she identify, that is what does she call herself? (V71)
 TOTAL%
1) Same as country of birth253792.0
2) Latin/Hispanic/Chicano712.6
3) Black/African40.1
4) Asian50.2
5) Jewish/Hebrew20.1
6) Arab/Muslim10.0
7) Other nationality341.2
8) Other pan-nationality110.4
9) Mixed nationalities70.3
10) Hmong born in Laos361.3
11) Chinese born in Vietnam321.2
12) Chinese born outside China/Vietnam170.6
Missing2505
Total2757100.0
75) How many close friends do you have in school? (V72)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total517713.1118.44
76) How many of those close friends have parents who came from foreign countries, that is who were not born in the U.S.? (V73)
 TOTAL%
1) None2354.6
2) Some168733.0
3) Many or most318862.4
Missing152
Total5110100.0
77) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Cuba) (V74A)
 TOTAL%
0) No59123.3
1) Yes194876.7
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
78) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Columbia) (V74B)
 TOTAL%
0) No172768.0
1) Yes81332.0
Missing2722
Total2540100.0
79) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Haiti) (V74C)
 TOTAL%
0) No224488.4
1) Yes29511.6
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
80) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Nicaragua) (V74D)
 TOTAL%
0) No178270.2
1) Yes75729.8
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
81) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Jamaica/Bahamas) (V74E)
 TOTAL%
0) No207881.8
1) Yes46118.2
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
82) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (China/Taiwan) (V74F)
 TOTAL%
0) No425692.4
1) Yes3497.6
Missing657
Total4605100.0
83) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Brazil) (V74G)
 TOTAL%
0) No246897.2
1) Yes712.8
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
84) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Argentina/Uruguay) (V74H)
 TOTAL%
0) No236293.0
1) Yes1777.0
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
85) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Latin America/Dominican Rep.) (V74I)
 TOTAL%
0) No156761.7
1) Yes97338.3
Missing2722
Total2540100.0
86) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Canada/Europe) (V74J)
 TOTAL%
0) No410889.2
1) Yes49810.8
Missing656
Total4606100.0
87) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Asia/Africa) (V74K)
 TOTAL%
0) No234892.5
1) Yes1917.5
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
88) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Puerto Rico) (V74L)
 TOTAL%
0) No190975.2
1) Yes63024.8
Missing2723
Total2539100.0
89) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Mexico) (V74M)
 TOTAL%
0) No114555.4
1) Yes92244.6
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
90) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Philippines) (V74N)
 TOTAL%
0) No101949.3
1) Yes104850.7
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
91) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Vietnam) (V74O)
 TOTAL%
0) No140568.0
1) Yes66232.0
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
92) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Laos) (V74P)
 TOTAL%
0) No164379.5
1) Yes42420.5
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
93) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Cambodia) (V74Q)
 TOTAL%
0) No184189.1
1) Yes22610.9
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
94) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Other Asian Countries) (V74R)
 TOTAL%
0) No169882.1
1) Yes36917.9
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
95) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Other Latin American Countries) (V74S)
 TOTAL%
0) No193493.6
1) Yes1336.4
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
96) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (Other African Countries) (V74T)
 TOTAL%
0) No198496.0
1) Yes834.0
Missing3195
Total2067100.0
97) From what countries did most of the parents of your friends come? (U.S. Ethnic Minorities) (V74U)
 TOTAL%
0) No213597.4
1) Yes572.6
Missing3070
Total2192100.0
98) In talking with your friends at school, do you sometimes use a language other than English? (V75)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes355173.4
2) No128426.6
Missing427
Total4835100.0
99) What language [used with friends at school] is this? (V76)
 TOTAL%
1) Spanish248370.6
2) French270.8
3) Creole (Haitian)1053.0
4) Portuguese20.1
5) Chinese280.8
6) German60.2
7) Dutch10.0
9) Hebrew/Yiddish20.1
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages2547.2
11) Other European languages80.2
12) Other Asian languages40.1
13) Other Middle Eastern languages10.0
15) Spanglish250.7
16) Jive or other popular language80.2
17) Multiple languages260.7
20) Vietnamese2416.9
21) Lao1353.8
22) Cambodian712.0
23) Hmong320.9
24) Japanese80.2
25) Korean60.2
26) Thai70.2
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian10.0
28) Other351.0
Missing1746
Total3516100.0
100) How often do you use this language [language used with friends at school] when talking with your school friends? (V77)
 TOTAL%
1) Seldom64223.6
2) From time to time103137.9
3) Often98536.2
4) Always622.3
Missing2542
Total2720100.0
101) How do you identify, that is what do you call yourself? (V78)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total516113.6711.59
102) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: There is racial discrimination in economic opportunities in the U.S. (V79)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot200438.6
2) Agree a little228243.9
3) Disagree a little62312.0
4) Disagree a lot2855.5
Missing68
Total5194100.0
103) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: The American way of life weakens the family. (V80)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot60711.8
2) Agree a little169532.9
3) Disagree a little185736.1
4) Disagree a lot98719.2
Missing116
Total5146100.0
104) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: There is much conflict between different racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. (V81)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot254449.4
2) Agree a little181135.1
3) Disagree a little59311.5
4) Disagree a lot2074.0
Missing107
Total5155100.0
105) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: Non-whites have as many opportunities to get ahead economically as whites in the U.S. (V82)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot125224.2
2) Agree a little142827.6
3) Disagree a little149628.9
4) Disagree a lot100319.4
Missing83
Total5179100.0
106) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: There is no better country to live in than the United States. (V83)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot166832.1
2) Agree a little145328.0
3) Disagree a little121523.4
4) Disagree a lot86216.6
Missing64
Total5198100.0
107) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: Americans generally feel superior to foreigners. (V84)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot187936.3
2) Agree a little196738.0
3) Disagree a little89817.3
4) Disagree a lot4358.4
Missing83
Total5179100.0
108) Have you ever felt discriminated against? (V85)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes288455.2
2) No233844.8
Missing40
Total5222100.0
109) (If V85 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated against? (Teachers) (V86A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes77428.0
2) No199372.0
Missing2495
Total2767100.0
110) (If V85 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated against? (Students) (V86B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes162458.7
2) No114341.3
Missing2495
Total2767100.0
111) (If V85 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated against? (Counselors) (V86C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1535.5
2) No261494.5
Missing2495
Total2767100.0
112) (If V85 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated against? (White Americans in General) (V86D)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes104237.7
2) No172562.3
Missing2495
Total2767100.0
113) (If V85 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated against? (Cubans in General) (V86E)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes32811.9
2) No243988.1
Missing2495
Total2767100.0
114) (If V85 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated against? (Black Americans in General) (V86F)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes85330.8
2) No191469.2
Missing2495
Total2767100.0
115) What do you think was the main reason for discriminating against you? (V87)
 TOTAL%
1) Ethnic/national origin49341.0
2) Race23219.3
3) Gender131.1
4) Ethnic/national origin/race1089.0
5) Race or ethnic/national origin/gender161.3
6) Behavior/appearance unrelated to ethnicity1018.4
7) Race/national/ethnic origin & behavior/appearance151.2
8) Feelings of superiority of those who discriminate473.9
9) Shortcomings of those who discriminate756.2
10) Perceptions the respondent's group is superior/discriminates30.2
11) Idiosyncrasies/behavior directed at individual796.6
12) Generalized feeling201.7
Missing4060
Total1202100.0
116) John said: 'Education is the key to get ahead in this country. I'll get as much education as I can.' Peter said: 'Education is less important than meeting the right people. As soon as I can, I'll leave school.' Who do you think is right? (V88)
 TOTAL%
1) Education is key to success472290.2
2) Meeting people is key1723.3
3) Neither3406.5
Missing28
Total5234100.0
117) Mary said: 'For a woman, the important thing is to meet the right man so that she can marry and have a nice family.' Jane said: 'For a woman, the important thing is to get an education so that she can be financially independent.' Who do you think is right? (V89)
 TOTAL%
1) Meet the right man55710.7
2) Education is more important398576.7
3) Neither65312.6
Missing67
Total5195100.0
118) Juan and Pedro are both high school seniors. An older friend who just opened a store offers them both jobs as salesmen. He argues that they will be better off going to work for him rather than staying in school because they will earn money and learn the business. Juan says: 'I'll take the job, it's better than just sitting in class and I'll learn about the real world.' Pedro says, 'I'll stay in school, in the long run, getting a degree will be better for me.' Who do you think is right? (V90)
 TOTAL%
1) Take job1773.4
2) Stay in school490193.7
3) Neither1553.0
Missing29
Total5233100.0
119) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: If someone has the chance to help a person get a job, it is always better to choose a relative rather than a friend. (V91)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot70313.5
2) Agree a little174633.5
3) Disagree a little171832.9
4) Disagree a lot105020.1
Missing45
Total5217100.0
120) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: When someone has a serious problem, only relatives can help. (V92)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2675.1
2) Agree a little55810.7
3) Disagree a little144227.6
4) Disagree a lot295856.6
Missing37
Total5225100.0
121) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: When looking for a job a person should find a job near his/her parents even if it means losing a better job somewhere else. (V93)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2314.4
2) Agree a little56610.9
3) Disagree a little142027.3
4) Disagree a lot299057.4
Missing55
Total5207100.0
122) During a typical weekday, how many hours do you spend studying or doing school homework? (V94)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than one127024.3
2) One or two194037.1
3) Two to three100919.3
4) Three to four5109.8
5) Four to five2234.3
6) Five or more2735.2
Missing37
Total5225100.0
123) Who helps you most with your homework when you need help? (V95)
 TOTAL%
1) Mother or father148728.5
2) Brother or sister100119.2
3) Friends100619.3
4) Teachers3146.0
5) Counselors50.1
6) Other1713.3
7) No one124123.8
Missing37
Total5225100.0
124) During the typical weekday, how many hours do you spend watching television? (V96)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than one55310.6
2) One or two108520.8
3) Two to three112421.5
4) Three to four75514.5
5) Four to five5119.8
6) Five or more119522.9
Missing39
Total5223100.0
125) Francois and Luis are both students whose parents are foreign born. Francois says: 'I am sometimes embarrassed because my parents don't know American ways.' Luis says: 'I am never embarrassed by my parents, I like the way they do things.' Which one comes closest to how you feel? (V97)
 TOTAL%
1) Francois87516.8
2) Luis395675.9
3) Neither3847.4
Missing47
Total5215100.0
126) How often do you prefer American ways of doing things? (V98)
 TOTAL%
1) All of the time3857.4
2) Most of the time182434.9
3) Sometimes278553.3
4) Never2274.3
Missing41
Total5221100.0
127) How often do your parents (or adults with whom you live) prefer American ways of doing things? (V99)
 TOTAL%
1) All of the time2094.0
2) Most of the time116622.3
3) Sometimes324062.1
4) Never60511.6
Missing42
Total5220100.0
128) And how often do you get in trouble because your way of doing things is different from that of your parents? (V100)
 TOTAL%
1) All of the time4168.0
2) Most of the time96318.4
3) Sometimes220042.1
4) Never164631.5
Missing37
Total5225100.0
129) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I feel that I am a person of worth, at least on an equal basis with others. (V101)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot331164.0
2) Agree a little143927.8
3) Disagree a little2945.7
4) Disagree a lot1312.5
Missing87
Total5175100.0
130) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: I feel that I have a number of good qualities. (V102)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot351367.4
2) Agree a little145427.9
3) Disagree a little1923.7
4) Disagree a lot561.1
Missing47
Total5215100.0
131) Please indicate you feel about the following statements: All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure. (V103)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot1733.3
2) Agree a little55810.7
3) Disagree a little98819.0
4) Disagree a lot347866.9
Missing65
Total5197100.0
132) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: I am able to do things as well as most other people. (V104)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot337364.7
2) Agree a little146028.0
3) Disagree a little2755.3
4) Disagree a lot1082.1
Missing46
Total5216100.0
133) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: I feel I do not have much to be proud of. (V105)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot3276.3
2) Agree a little62011.9
3) Disagree a little89617.3
4) Disagree a lot334964.5
Missing70
Total5192100.0
134) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: I take a positive attitude toward myself. (V106)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot294556.7
2) Agree a little164631.7
3) Disagree a little4608.9
4) Disagree a lot1402.7
Missing71
Total5191100.0
135) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: On the whole, I am satisfied with myself. (V107)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot290756.0
2) Agree a little161431.1
3) Disagree a little51810.0
4) Disagree a lot1532.9
Missing70
Total5192100.0
136) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: I wish I could have more respect for myself. (V108)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot110421.3
2) Agree a little139927.0
3) Disagree a little100019.3
4) Disagree a lot168332.5
Missing76
Total5186100.0
137) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: I certainly feel useless at times. (V109)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot53910.4
2) Agree a little155930.0
3) Disagree a little130125.0
4) Disagree a lot179634.6
Missing67
Total5195100.0
138) Please indicate how you feel about the following statements: At times I think I am no good at all. (V110)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot55210.6
2) Agree a little104620.1
3) Disagree a little102119.6
4) Disagree a lot259549.8
Missing48
Total5214100.0
139) What is the name of the capital of the country that your father is from? (V111A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer3817.8
1) Correct answer321465.9
2) Doesn't know128526.3
Missing382
Total4880100.0
140) What is the name of the capital of the country that your mother is from? (V111B)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer29810.0
1) Correct answer176559.2
2) Doesn't know91630.7
Missing2283
Total2979100.0
141) What is the name of the President or Prime Minister of the country where your father is from? (V112A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer1262.6
1) Correct answer236949.2
2) Doesn't know231848.2
Missing449
Total4813100.0
142) What is the name of the President or Prime Minister of the country where your mother is from? (V112B)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer933.2
1) Correct answer111738.1
2) Doesn't know171958.7
Missing2333
Total2929100.0
143) Do you know how many people live in the country that your father is from? (V113A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer135828.1
1) Correct answer4539.4
2) Doesn't know302262.5
Missing429
Total4833100.0
144) Do you know how many people live in the country that your mother is from? (V113B)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer74425.2
1) Correct answer2558.6
2) Doesn't know195766.2
Missing2306
Total2956100.0
145) Below is a list of feelings that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week? I felt sad. (V114)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely264650.7
2) Some of the time180234.5
3) Occasionally53510.3
4) Most of the time2344.5
Missing45
Total5217100.0
146) Below is a list of feelings that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week? I could not get 'going'. (V115)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely266951.4
2) Some of the time173833.5
3) Occasionally59111.4
4) Most of the time1973.8
Missing67
Total5195100.0
147) Below is a list of feelings that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week? I did not feel like eating; my appetite was poor. (V116)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely318061.2
2) Some of the time129524.9
3) Occasionally4809.2
4) Most of the time2394.6
Missing68
Total5194100.0
148) Below is a list of feelings that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week? I felt depressed. (V117)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely288855.5
2) Some of the time140227.0
3) Occasionally57111.0
4) Most of the time3386.5
Missing63
Total5199100.0
149) Finally, this is another list that describes kids. Please answer how true each statement is for you. My parents do not like me very much. (V118)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true1522.9
2) Partly true2464.7
3) Not very true70413.5
4) Not true at all412278.9
Missing38
Total5224100.0
150) Finally, this is another list that describes kids. Please answer how true each statement is for you. It is important to me to get good grades. (V119)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true400076.6
2) Partly true90517.3
3) Not very true1833.5
4) Not true at all1352.6
Missing39
Total5223100.0
151) Finally, this is another list that describes kids. Please answer how true each statement is for you. I take a positive attitude toward myself. (V120)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true301558.2
2) Partly true157030.3
3) Not very true4298.3
4) Not true at all1653.2
Missing83
Total5179100.0
152) Finally, this is another list that describes kids. Please answer how true each statement is for you. My parents are not usually very interested in what I say. (V121)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true3406.5
2) Partly true90317.3
3) Not very true127824.5
4) Not true at all269151.6
Missing50
Total5212100.0
153) Finally, this is another list that describes kids. Please answer how true each statement is for you. No matter how much education I get, people will still discriminate against me. (V122)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true54410.4
2) Partly true108220.7
3) Not very true139626.7
4) Not true at all219842.1
Missing42
Total5220100.0
154) Father's Socio-Economic Index (SEI) Score (V123)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total396936.4618.61
155) Mother's Socio-Economic Index (SEI) Score (V124)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total349234.1816.90
156) Father Occupational Prestige Score (Treiman Scale) (V125)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total396943.4114.45
157) Mother Occupational Prestige Score (Treiman Scale) (V126)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total349243.1013.93
158) Respondent's desired job SEI Score (V127)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total485667.3720.21
159) Respondent's desired job Prestige Score (Treiman Scale) (V128)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total485662.3412.71
160) National Percentile on Stanford Math Achievement Test (V132)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total442153.1629.67
161) Total score on Stanford Math Achievement Test (V133)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4446693.9962.03
162) National percentile on Stanford Reading Achievement Test (V134)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total451941.5527.84
163) Total score on Stanford Reading Achievement Test (V135)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4522663.6861.11
164) Grade Point Average (V139)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total51542.520.91
165) Percent of white students in school (V140)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526223.7219.39
166) Percent of black students in school (V141)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526215.9118.78
167) Percent of Hispanic students in school (V142)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526245.7733.17
168) Percent of Asian students in school (V143)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526214.4817.03
169) Minority School Dummy (V144)
 TOTAL%
0) Fifty-nine percent or less Black/Hispanic302957.6
1) Sixty percent or more Black/Hispanic223342.4
Total5262100.0
170) Percent of students eligible for subsidized lunch at school (V145)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total526245.4624.44
171) Total school population (V146)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52621,792.26764.48
172) Type of school attended (V147)
 TOTAL%
0) Suburban332563.2
1) Inner city193736.8
Total5262100.0
173) Parent Socioeconomic Status Index [END OF WAVE I] (V148)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5262-0.060.76
174) Re-interviewed at T2? [START OF WAVE II] (V203)
 TOTAL%
0) No97418.5
1) Yes428881.5
Total5262100.0
175) School (V204)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4597203.75189.72
176) What grade are you in? (V205)
 TOTAL%
9) Ninth grade130.3
10) Tenth grade481.1
11) Eleventh grade198547.1
12) Twelfth grade199747.4
13) High school graduate310.7
14) College freshman832.0
15) College sophomore411.0
16) College junior10.0
44) Vocational school40.1
66) Other100.2
Missing1049
Total4213100.0
177) What is your sex? (V206)
 TOTAL%
1) Male207048.3
2) Female221851.7
Missing974
Total4288100.0
178) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? There is real school spirit. (V207)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot93221.9
2) Agree a little220451.8
3) Disagree a little76918.1
4) Disagree a lot3498.2
Missing1008
Total4254100.0
179) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? Students make friends with other racial and ethnic groups. (V208)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot203547.9
2) Agree a little177341.7
3) Disagree a little3768.8
4) Disagree a lot681.6
Missing1010
Total4252100.0
180) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? The teaching is good. (V209)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot126129.6
2) Agree a little236555.6
3) Disagree a little52512.3
4) Disagree a lot1062.5
Missing1005
Total4257100.0
181) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? Teachers are interested in students. (V210)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot112026.4
2) Agree a little221952.2
3) Disagree a little78918.6
4) Disagree a lot1192.8
Missing1015
Total4247100.0
182) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? I don't feel safe at this school. (V211)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2395.6
2) Agree a little82819.5
3) Disagree a little135932.0
4) Disagree a lot182042.9
Missing1016
Total4246100.0
183) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? Disruptions by other students get in the way of learning. (V212)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot69716.4
2) Agree a little149635.1
3) Disagree a little130730.7
4) Disagree a lot75917.8
Missing1003
Total4259100.0
184) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? Fights often occur between racial or ethnic groups. (V213)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot59514.0
2) Agree a little118527.8
3) Disagree a little125229.4
4) Disagree a lot122628.8
Missing1004
Total4258100.0
185) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? There are many gangs in school. (V214)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot48611.5
2) Agree a little116027.4
3) Disagree a little133831.6
4) Disagree a lot125429.6
Missing1024
Total4238100.0
186) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? Students are graded fairly. (V215)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot106225.0
2) Agree a little200247.1
3) Disagree a little94522.2
4) Disagree a lot2465.8
Missing1007
Total4255100.0
187) How much do you agree with each of the following statements about your current school and teachers? Discipline is fair. (V216)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot103524.3
2) Agree a little199546.9
3) Disagree a little86820.4
4) Disagree a lot3558.3
Missing1009
Total4253100.0
188) During this current school year how many times did any of the following things happen to you at school? I had something stolen from me at school. (V217)
 TOTAL%
1) Never229153.6
2) Once or twice164338.5
3) More than twice3377.9
Missing991
Total4271100.0
189) During this current school year how many times did any of the following things happen to you at school? Someone offered to sell me drugs at school. (V218)
 TOTAL%
1) Never313973.5
2) Once or twice63814.9
3) More than twice49211.5
Missing993
Total4269100.0
190) During this current school year how many times did any of the following things happen to you at school? Someone threatened to hurt me at school. (V219)
 TOTAL%
1) Never350782.2
2) Once or twice61814.5
3) More than twice1393.3
Missing998
Total4264100.0
191) During this current school year how many times did any of the following things happen to you at school? I got into a physical fight at school. (V220)
 TOTAL%
1) Never360084.4
2) Once or twice51212.0
3) More than twice1513.5
Missing999
Total4263100.0
192) [IF BORN IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY] In what year did you come to United States? (V221)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total212882.723.67
193) How long have you lived in the United States? (V222)
 TOTAL%
1) All my life200046.6
2) Ten years or more170239.7
3) Five to nine years51312.0
4) Less than five years731.7
Missing974
Total4288100.0
194) Are you a U.S. Citizen? (V223)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes276168.3
2) No128331.7
Missing1218
Total4044100.0
195) How well do you speak English? (V224)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all90.2
2) Not well591.4
3) Well72617.0
4) Very well348781.5
Missing981
Total4281100.0
196) How well do you understand English? (V225)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all50.1
2) Not well390.9
3) Well62314.5
4) Very well361584.4
Missing980
Total4282100.0
197) How well do you read English? (V226)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all50.1
2) Not well972.3
3) Well82919.4
4) Very well335178.3
Missing980
Total4282100.0
198) How well do you write English? (V227)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all50.1
2) Not well1413.3
3) Well104024.3
4) Very well309672.3
Missing980
Total4282100.0
199) Which of the following best describes your present living situation? (V228)
 TOTAL%
1) I live with my (biological or adoptive) father and mother277865.1
2) I live with my father and stepmother (or other female adult)801.9
3) I live with my mother and stepfather (or other male adult)3788.9
4) I live with my father alone701.6
5) I live with my mother alone68015.9
6) I alternate living with my father and mother who are divorced or separated561.3
7) I live with other adult guardian1072.5
8) Lives with spouse/significant other280.7
9) Lives alone180.4
10) Other741.7
Missing993
Total4269100.0
200) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? How many brothers or stepbrothers live with you? (V229A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42010.850.97
201) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? How many sisters or stepsisters live with you? (V229B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42020.740.93
202) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? How many grandfathers or grandmothers live with you? (V229C)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42050.180.49
203) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? How many uncles or aunts live with you? (V229D)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42100.120.52
204) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? How many other relatives live with you? (V229E)
 TOTAL%
0) 0382890.9
1) 12135.1
2) 2942.2
3) 3501.2
4) 4130.3
5) 550.1
6) 640.1
8) 810.0
9) 920.0
10) Ten or more10.0
Missing1051
Total4211100.0
205) Which of the following people, in addition to your parents or guardians, live with you, that is in the house where you spend most of the time? How many non-relatives live with you? (V229F)
 TOTAL%
0) 0394494.3
1) 11493.6
2) 2491.2
3) 3190.5
4) 450.1
5) 550.1
6) 620.0
7) 750.1
9) 920.0
10) Ten or more20.0
Missing1080
Total4182100.0
206) In total, how many people, besides you, live in the same house with you? (V230)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42683.961.74
207) In total, how many older brothers (or stepbrothers) and sisters (or stepsisters) do you have? (V231)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42361.611.97
208) Please describe the present or most recent job of your father, stepfather or male guardian: Is he currently working, unemployed, retired or disabled? (V232)
 TOTAL%
1) Working314579.1
2) Unemployed3558.9
3) Retired1954.9
4) Disabled1904.8
5) Retired and works892.2
Missing1288
Total3974100.0
209) What kind of work does he normally do, that is, what is his job called? [FATHER] (V233)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3524467.17289.76
210) Is he self-employed? [FATHER] (V234)
 TOTAL%
0) No340689.1
1) Yes41810.9
Missing1438
Total3824100.0
211) What is the highest level of education that he completed [FATHER]? (V236)
 TOTAL%
1) Elementary school or less41510.7
2) Middle school or less2406.2
3) Some high school46812.1
4) High school graduate84121.7
5) Some college or university90523.4
6) College graduate or more92023.8
7) Technical or vocational270.7
8) Other511.3
Missing1395
Total3867100.0
212) Please describe the present or most recent job of your mother, stepmother or female guardian: Is she currently working, unemployed, retired or disabled? (V237)
 TOTAL%
1) Working285367.9
2) Unemployed111926.6
3) Retired541.3
4) Disabled1744.1
Missing1062
Total4200100.0
213) What kind of work does she normally do, that is, what is her job called? [MOTHER] (V238)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3830486.51314.46
214) What is the highest level of education that she completed? [MOTHER] (V241)
 TOTAL%
1) Elementary school or less49112.0
2) Middle school or less3147.7
3) Some high school46711.4
4) High school graduate98324.1
5) Some college or university85120.8
6) College graduate or more90222.1
7) Technical or vocational511.2
8) Other240.6
Missing1179
Total4083100.0
215) Do your parents (or adult guardians) own or rent the house or apartment where you now live? (V242)
 TOTAL%
1) Own265962.5
2) Rent154636.3
3) Respondent lives with relatives330.8
4) Respondent lives with friends/non-relatives20.0
5) Other150.4
Missing1007
Total4255100.0
216) Compared to three years ago, do you think your family's economic situation now is. . . (V243)
 TOTAL%
1) Much better53812.6
2) Better137232.2
3) About the same167839.4
4) Worse58313.7
5) Much worse902.1
Missing1001
Total4261100.0
217) And three years from now, what do you think your family's economic situation will be? (V244)
 TOTAL%
1) Much better100523.6
2) Better168439.6
3) About the same134731.7
4) Worse1623.8
5) Much worse521.2
Missing1012
Total4250100.0
218) Do you have a paying job at present? (V245)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes159337.2
2) No268162.7
3) Recently laid off50.1
Missing983
Total4279100.0
219) If yes [HAVE A PAYING JOB], what is your job? (V246)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1567380.21155.60
220) How many hours per week do you work at it? [PAYING JOB] (V247)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total154921.619.93
221) Approximately how much do you earn per week in this job? (V248)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1514117.6677.91
222) Do you know a language other than English? (V249)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes391891.5
2) No3658.5
Missing979
Total4283100.0
223) (If yes) What language is that? (If more than one, please list first the language you know best) (V250)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total39135.927.60
224) How well do you speak that language? (Or the foreign language that you know best) [SECOND LANGUAGE] (V251)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little3368.6
2) Not well49912.8
3) Well161541.3
4) Very well146037.3
Missing1352
Total3910100.0
225) How well do you understand than language? [SECOND LANGUAGE] (V252)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little1523.9
2) Not well1985.1
3) Well158340.5
4) Very well197850.6
Missing1351
Total3911100.0
226) How well do you read that language? [SECOND LANGUAGE] (V253)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little66517.0
2) Not well83121.3
3) Well137835.3
4) Very well103426.5
Missing1354
Total3908100.0
227) How well do you write that language? [SECOND LANGUAGE] (V254)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little85521.9
2) Not well100325.7
3) Well129133.0
4) Very well75919.4
Missing1354
Total3908100.0
228) So people in your home speak a language other than English? (V255)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes396293.3
2) No2856.7
Missing1015
Total4247100.0
229) What language is that? (If more than one please list first the language that they use most often) (V256)
 TOTAL%
1) Spanish231658.6
2) French220.6
3) Creole (Haitian)1173.0
4) Portuguese60.2
5) Chinese1022.6
6) German90.2
7) Dutch40.1
9) Hebrew/Yiddish30.1
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages67016.9
11) Other European languages150.4
12) Other Asian languages30.1
13) Other Middle Eastern languages120.3
14) Other African languages50.1
15) Spanglish/Espanish10.0
18) Patois (Jamaican: if Haitian writes Patois, code as 'Creole')310.8
20) Vietnamese2807.1
21) Laotian1463.7
22) Cambodian/Khmer731.8
23) Hmong501.3
24) Japanese170.4
25) Korean160.4
26) Thai160.4
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian dialect280.7
28) Other120.3
Missing1308
Total3954100.0
230) How often do people who live in your home use this language when they are talking to each other? (V257)
 TOTAL%
1) Seldom2015.1
2) From time to time44811.4
3) Often139935.4
4) Always189948.1
Missing1315
Total3947100.0
231) When you talk to your parents (or guardians), what language do you use most often? (V258)
 TOTAL%
0) English135135.0
1) Spanish148538.5
2) French10.0
3) Creole (Haitian)571.5
4) Portuguese20.1
5) Chinese731.9
6) German20.1
7) Dutch10.0
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages932.4
11) Other European languages10.0
12) Other Asian languages10.0
13) Other Middle Eastern languages40.1
15) Spanglish/Espanish320.8
18) Patois (Jamaican: if Haitian writes Patois, code as 'Creole')70.2
20) Vietnamese2506.5
21) Laotian1353.5
22) Cambodian/Khmer641.7
23) Hmong481.2
24) Japanese120.3
25) Korean60.2
26) Thai130.3
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian dialect90.2
28) Bilingual (depends on situation)2105.4
29) Other20.1
Missing1403
Total3859100.0
232) In what language do you prefer to speak most of the time? (V259)
 TOTAL%
0) English279372.0
1) Spanish2797.2
3) Creole (Haitian)100.3
4) Portuguese10.0
5) Chinese240.6
6) German10.0
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages280.7
13) Other Middle Eastern languages20.1
15) Spanglish/Espanish140.4
18) Patois (Jamaican: if Haitian writes Patois, code as 'Creole'))90.2
20) Vietnamese741.9
21) Laotian330.9
22) Cambodian/Khmer110.3
23) Hmong210.5
24) Japanese20.1
25) Korean20.1
26) Thai30.1
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian dialect30.1
28) Bilingual (depends on situation)56814.6
Missing1384
Total3878100.0
233) What is the highest level of education that you would like to achieve? (V260)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than high school210.5
2) Finish high school1573.7
3) Finish some college2425.7
4) Finish college100523.5
5) Finish a graduate degree285366.7
Missing984
Total4278100.0
234) And realistically speaking, what is the highest level of education that you think you will get? (V261)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than high school180.4
2) Finish high school2746.4
3) Finish some college46710.9
4) Finish college162438.0
5) Finish a graduate degree188844.2
Missing991
Total4271100.0
235) What is the highest level of education that your parents want you to get? (V262)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than high school250.6
2) Finish high school1303.1
3) Finish some college1543.6
4) Finish college118127.8
5) Finish a graduate degree276265.0
Missing1010
Total4252100.0
236) What job would you like to have as an adult? (V263)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3999169.11181.81
237) Among the following job categories, which is the one that comes closest to the job you would like to have as an adult? (V264)
 TOTAL%
1) Factory Worker230.6
2) Office Clerk681.7
3) Salesperson501.2
4) Technician/Computer Programmer2716.7
5) Nurse/Physical Therapist/Dietician51812.8
6) Business Executive/Manager60214.8
7) Engineer48111.8
8) Teacher/Professor44110.9
9) Lawyer2596.4
10) Doctor/Physician78019.2
11) Other44711.0
14) Actor/Entertainer/Artist1112.7
15) Professional Athlete100.2
Missing1201
Total4061100.0
238) And realistically speaking, how do you see your chances of getting this job? (V265)
 TOTAL%
1) Very poor481.1
2) Poor3668.7
3) Good232955.5
4) Very good145334.6
Missing1066
Total4196100.0
239) If you do not plan to go to college, what is the main reason why you do not plan to go? (V266)
 TOTAL%
1) Family problems40.2
2) Finances1456.0
3) Tire/sick of school291.2
4) Work, no time291.2
5) Military371.5
6) Moving out of United States30.1
7) Other702.9
8) Undecided211687.0
Missing2829
Total2433100.0
240) How important is each of the following to you in your life? Having lots of money. (V267)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important2305.4
2) Somewhat important228953.5
3) Very important175841.1
Missing985
Total4277100.0
241) How important is each of the following to you in your life? Having strong friendships. (V268)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important1353.2
2) Somewhat important96222.5
3) Very important317774.3
Missing988
Total4274100.0
242) How important is each of the following to you in your life? Being able to find steady work. (V269)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important461.1
2) Somewhat important43910.3
3) Very important378088.6
Missing997
Total4265100.0
243) How important is each of the following to you in your life? Living close to parents and relatives. (V270)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important4039.5
2) Somewhat important206748.5
3) Very important179242.0
Missing1000
Total4262100.0
244) How important is each of the following to you in your life? Getting away from this community. (V271)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important216050.6
2) Somewhat important157937.0
3) Very important52912.4
Missing994
Total4268100.0
245) How many close friends do you have in school? (V272)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total40547.3910.49
246) Respondent close friends parents foreign born: How many of these close friends have parents who come from foreign countries, that is who were not born in the U.S.? (V273)
 TOTAL%
1) None2546.3
2) Some130432.1
3) Many or most250661.7
Missing1198
Total4064100.0
247) How many of your friends have: Dropped out of school without graduating? (V274A)
 TOTAL%
1) None226953.3
2) Some180242.3
3) Many or most1874.4
Missing1004
Total4258100.0
248) How many of your friends have: No plans to go to college? (V274B)
 TOTAL%
1) None178342.0
2) Some213050.2
3) Many or most3327.8
Missing1017
Total4245100.0
249) How many of your friends have: Plans to get a full-time job after high school? (V274C)
 TOTAL%
1) None96322.7
2) Some218751.6
3) Many or most109025.7
Missing1022
Total4240100.0
250) How many of your friends have: Plans to attend a two-year community college? (V274D)
 TOTAL%
1) None55213.0
2) Some252359.5
3) Many or most116327.4
Missing1024
Total4238100.0
251) How many of your friends have: Plans to attend a four-year college or university? (V274E)
 TOTAL%
1) None3187.5
2) Some202747.7
3) Many or most190744.8
Missing1010
Total4252100.0
252) In talking with your friends at school, do you sometimes use a language other than English? (V275)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes270463.3
2) No157036.7
Missing988
Total4274100.0
253) (If yes) What language is that? [FRIENDS AT SCHOOL] (V276)
 TOTAL%
1) Spanish187269.8
2) French150.6
3) Creole (Haitian)893.3
4) Portuguese10.0
5) Chinese261.0
6) German20.1
10) Tagalog/other Philippine languages1696.3
11) Other European languages60.2
12) Other Asian languages20.1
13) Other Middle Eastern languages30.1
14) Other African languages10.0
15) Spanglish/Espanish70.3
16) Jive or other popular language50.2
18) Patois (Jamaican)220.8
20) Vietnamese2158.0
21) Laotian1214.5
22) Cambodian/Khmer532.0
23) Hmong411.5
24) Japanese140.5
25) Korean20.1
26) Thai60.2
27) Hindi/Tamil/Urdu/other Indian dialect40.1
29) Other50.2
Missing2581
Total2681100.0
254) How often do you used this language with talking with your school friends? (V277)
 TOTAL%
1) Seldom50218.7
2) From time to time128347.7
3) Often76728.5
4) Always1375.1
Missing2573
Total2689100.0
255) How do you identify, that is what do you call yourself? (V278A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total424918.9616.75
256) And how important is this identity to you, that is what you call yourself? (V278B)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important46410.9
2) Somewhat important122228.7
3) Very important256860.4
Missing1008
Total4254100.0
257) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: There is racial discrimination in economic opportunities in the U.S. (V279)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot153335.9
2) Agree a little216550.7
3) Disagree a little47911.2
4) Disagree a lot922.2
Missing993
Total4269100.0
258) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: The American way of life weakens the family. (V280)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot68316.1
2) Agree a little171040.3
3) Disagree a little138932.7
4) Disagree a lot46611.0
Missing1014
Total4248100.0
259) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: There is much conflict between different racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. (V281)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot180142.2
2) Agree a little194245.5
3) Disagree a little45810.7
4) Disagree a lot691.6
Missing992
Total4270100.0
260) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: Non-whites have as many opportunities to get ahead economically as whites in the U.S. (V282)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot81019.0
2) Agree a little150235.2
3) Disagree a little138932.6
4) Disagree a lot56613.3
Missing995
Total4267100.0
261) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: There is no better country to live in than the U.S. (V283)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot165538.9
2) Agree a little138032.5
3) Disagree a little84920.0
4) Disagree a lot3688.7
Missing1010
Total4252100.0
262) Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: Americans generally feel superior to foreigners. (V284)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot165638.9
2) Agree a little182542.9
3) Disagree a little62314.6
4) Disagree a lot1553.6
Missing1003
Total4259100.0
263) Have you ever felt discriminated against? (V285)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes265662.3
2) No160937.7
Missing997
Total4265100.0
264) (If V285 is yes) And by whom did you feel discriminated? Teachers (V286A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes99337.7
2) No164162.3
Missing2628
Total2634100.0
265) (IF V285==1) And by whom did you feel discriminated? Students (V286B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes139252.9
2) No124147.1
Missing2629
Total2633100.0
266) (IF V285==1) And by whom did you feel discriminated? Counselors (V286C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes32712.4
2) No230687.6
Missing2629
Total2633100.0
267) (IF V285==1) And by whom did you feel discriminated? White Americans in general (V286D)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes119245.3
2) No144154.7
Missing2629
Total2633100.0
268) (IF V285==1) And by whom did you feel discriminated? Latinos in general (V286E)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes42716.2
2) No220683.8
Missing2629
Total2633100.0
269) (IF V285==1) And by whom did you feel discriminated? Black Americans in general (V286F)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes92535.1
2) No170764.9
Missing2630
Total2632100.0
270) What do you think was the main reason for discriminating against you? (V287)
 TOTAL%
1) Ethnic/national origin/heritage46019.9
2) Race/racism/skin color71731.0
3) Gender/sex431.9
4) Supraethnic/suprantional ID (Asian/Hispanic)1014.4
5) Cultural characteristic (ethnic food/dress/religion)622.7
6) Language (foreign accent, no speak English)733.2
7) Behavior/appearance unrelated to ethnicity23810.3
8) Prejudice/stereotyping913.9
9) Shortcomings of discriminators28612.4
10) Feeling of superiority on part of discriminator632.7
11) All other reasons (school quotas/group relations)1777.7
Missing2951
Total2311100.0
271) How often is each of the following true about your immediate family (the people you live with): Family members like to spend free time with each other. (V288)
 TOTAL%
1) Never1904.4
2) Once in a while96722.6
3) Sometimes132531.0
4) Often122528.7
5) Always56613.2
Missing989
Total4273100.0
272) How often is each of the following true about your immediate family (the people you live with): Family members feel very close to each other. (V289)
 TOTAL%
1) Never1603.7
2) Once in a while64115.0
3) Sometimes104524.5
4) Often115627.1
5) Always126929.7
Missing991
Total4271100.0
273) How often is each of the following true about your immediate family (the people you live with): Family togetherness is very important. (V290)
 TOTAL%
1) Never1343.1
2) Once in a while48311.3
3) Sometimes80618.9
4) Often86520.3
5) Always198146.4
Missing993
Total4269100.0
274) Please indicate how you feel about the following statement: If someone has the chance to help a person get a job, it is always better to choose a relative rather than a friend. (V291)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot52512.3
2) Agree a little154336.2
3) Disagree a little149035.0
4) Disagree a lot70516.5
Missing999
Total4263100.0
275) Please indicate how you feel about the following statement: When someone has a serious problem, only relatives can help. (V292)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2094.9
2) Agree a little51812.1
3) Disagree a little126029.5
4) Disagree a lot228253.5
Missing993
Total4269100.0
276) Please indicate how you feel about the following statement: When looking for a job a person should find a job near his/her parents even if it means losing a better job somewhere else. (V293)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot982.3
2) Agree a little2896.8
3) Disagree a little119328.0
4) Disagree a lot268863.0
Missing994
Total4268100.0
277) During the typical weekday, how many hours do you spend studying or doing school homework? (V294)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than one85920.2
2) One to two137932.4
3) Two to three94422.2
4) Three to four46410.9
5) Four to five2776.5
6) Five or more3347.8
Missing1005
Total4257100.0
278) Who helps you most with your homework when you need help? (V295)
 TOTAL%
1) My father or mother50011.8
2) My brother or sister47411.1
3) My friend(s)128830.3
4) My teacher(s)3658.6
5) My counselor(s)80.2
6) Significant other, boy/girlfriend431.0
7) In-law/fiance's parents30.1
8) Other1473.5
9) No one142733.5
Missing1007
Total4255100.0
279) During the typical weekday, how many hours do you spend watching television or playing video games? (V296)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than one90821.3
2) One to two121828.5
3) Two to three85620.0
4) Three to four50811.9
5) Four to five2796.5
6) Five or more50211.8
Missing991
Total4271100.0
280) Linda and Luis are both students whose parents are foreign-born. Linda says: 'I am sometimes embarrassed because my parents don't know American ways.' Luis says: 'I am never embarrassed by my parents. I like the way they do things.' Which one comes closest to how you feel? (V297)
 TOTAL%
1) Linda54512.8
2) Luis300670.6
3) Neither70716.6
Missing1004
Total4258100.0
281) How often do you prefer American ways of doing things? (V298)
 TOTAL%
1) All of the time2566.0
2) Most of the time142633.6
3) Sometimes236255.6
4) Never2014.7
Missing1017
Total4245100.0
282) How often do your parents (or adults with whom you live) prefer American ways of doing things? (V299)
 TOTAL%
1) All of the time1473.5
2) Most of the time82019.3
3) Sometimes266862.9
4) Never60714.3
Missing1020
Total4242100.0
283) And how often do you get in trouble because your way of doing things is different from that of your parents? (V300)
 TOTAL%
1) All of the time2977.0
2) Most of the time69116.2
3) Sometimes177841.7
4) Never149735.1
Missing999
Total4263100.0
284) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I feel that I am a person of worth, at lease on an equal basis with others. (V301)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot317774.5
2) Agree a little91321.4
3) Disagree a little1303.1
4) Disagree a lot421.0
Missing1000
Total4262100.0
285) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I feel that I have a number of good qualities. (V302)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot326276.5
2) Agree a little90721.3
3) Disagree a little741.7
4) Disagree a lot230.5
Missing996
Total4266100.0
286) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: All in all, I am inclined to feel I am a failure. (V303)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot1483.5
2) Agree a little43010.1
3) Disagree a little85020.0
4) Disagree a lot282666.4
Missing1008
Total4254100.0
287) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I am able to do things as well as most other people. (V304)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot297669.9
2) Agree a little111226.1
3) Disagree a little1343.1
4) Disagree a lot360.8
Missing1004
Total4258100.0
288) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I feel I do not have much to be proud of. (V305)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2395.6
2) Agree a little46510.9
3) Disagree a little74417.5
4) Disagree a lot281166.0
Missing1003
Total4259100.0
289) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I take a positive attitude toward myself. (V306)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot255359.9
2) Agree a little134331.5
3) Disagree a little2916.8
4) Disagree a lot731.7
Missing1002
Total4260100.0
290) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: On the whole, I am satisfied with myself. (V307)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot235355.2
2) Agree a little138732.5
3) Disagree a little4229.9
4) Disagree a lot1012.4
Missing999
Total4263100.0
291) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I wish I could have more respect for myself. (V308)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot56713.3
2) Agree a little89321.0
3) Disagree a little81919.2
4) Disagree a lot197946.5
Missing1004
Total4258100.0
292) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I certainly feel useless at times. (V309)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot3077.2
2) Agree a little123429.0
3) Disagree a little101823.9
4) Disagree a lot169939.9
Missing1004
Total4258100.0
293) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: At times I think I am no good at all. (V310)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2876.7
2) Agree a little80719.0
3) Disagree a little86120.2
4) Disagree a lot230054.1
Missing1007
Total4255100.0
294) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I am satisfied with how I look. (V311)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot175941.3
2) Agree a little162338.1
3) Disagree a little64815.2
4) Disagree a lot2295.4
Missing1003
Total4259100.0
295) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I am not very popular with members of the opposite sex. (V312)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2806.6
2) Agree a little80018.8
3) Disagree a little145234.1
4) Disagree a lot172040.5
Missing1010
Total4252100.0
296) Please indicate if you agree or disagree with the following statements: I am seen as a trouble maker by other students. (V313)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree a lot2155.0
2) Agree a little45010.6
3) Disagree a little75017.6
4) Disagree a lot284766.8
Missing1000
Total4262100.0
297) Below is a list of feeling that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week: I felt sad. (V314)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely (less than once a week)211449.6
2) Some of the time (one or two days a week)138932.6
3) Occasionally (three or four days a week)56413.2
4) Most of the time (five to seven days a week)1974.6
Missing998
Total4264100.0
298) Below is a list of feeling that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week: I could not get 'going.' (V315)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely (less than once a week)196946.3
2) Some of the time (one or two days a week)153836.2
3) Occasionally (three or four days a week)58113.7
4) Most of the time (five to seven days a week)1653.9
Missing1009
Total4253100.0
299) Below is a list of feeling that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week: I did not feel like eating; my appetite was poor. (V316)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely (less than once a week)270963.6
2) Some of the time (one or two days a week)102024.0
3) Occasionally (three or four days a week)3909.2
4) Most of the time (five to seven days a week)1383.2
Missing1005
Total4257100.0
300) Below is a list of feeling that people sometimes have. For each answer, how often have you felt this way during the past week: I felt depressed. (V317)
 TOTAL%
1) Rarely (less than once a week)244757.5
2) Some of the time (one or two days a week)109325.7
3) Occasionally (three or four days a week)47511.2
4) Most of the time (five to seven days a week)2405.6
Missing1007
Total4255100.0
301) Now, this is another list that describes young people. Please answer how true each statement is for you: My parents do not like me much. (V318)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true821.9
2) Partly true2696.3
3) Not very true63114.8
4) Not true at all328077.0
Missing1000
Total4262100.0
302) Now, this is another list that describes young people. Please answer how true each statement is for you: It is important to get good grades. (V319)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true291368.4
2) Partly true106625.0
3) Not very true1814.3
4) Not true at all972.3
Missing1005
Total4257100.0
303) Now, this is another list that describes young people. Please answer how true each statement is for you: My parent and I often argue because we don't share the same goals. (V320)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true52612.3
2) Partly true112726.5
3) Not very true117227.5
4) Not true at all143533.7
Missing1002
Total4260100.0
304) Now, this is another list that describes young people. Please answer how true each statement is for you: My parents are usually not very interested in what I say. (V321)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true2886.8
2) Partly true70716.6
3) Not very true115627.2
4) Not true at all210249.4
Missing1009
Total4253100.0
305) Now, this is another list that describes young people. Please answer how true each statement is for you: No matter how much education I get, people will still discriminate against me. (V322)
 TOTAL%
1) Very true45910.8
2) Partly true102924.2
3) Not very true123128.9
4) Not true at all154036.2
Missing1003
Total4259100.0
306) Which of the races listed do you considered yourself to be? (V323)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total418024.0727.03
307) Self-Reported Race (COLLAPSED CATEGORIES) (V323A)
 TOTAL%
1) White61214.3
2) Black2816.6
3) Asian110625.8
4) Multiracial48711.4
5) Hispanic100823.5
6) Nationality63914.9
8) Other1553.6
Missing974
Total4288100.0
308) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? My family moved to a new home. (V324A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes149335.0
2) No277165.0
Missing998
Total4264100.0
309) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? My parents got divorced or separated. (V324B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes47811.3
2) No376888.7
Missing1016
Total4246100.0
310) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? One of my parents got married or remarried. (V324C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes3568.4
2) No389291.6
Missing1014
Total4248100.0
311) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? One of my parents lost his/her job. (V324D)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes102024.0
2) No322576.0
Missing1017
Total4245100.0
312) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? I became seriously ill or disabled. (V324E)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes3187.5
2) No393092.5
Missing1014
Total4248100.0
313) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? One of my parents died. (V324F)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1463.4
2) No409796.6
Missing1019
Total4243100.0
314) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? One of my brothers or sisters dropped out of school. (V324G)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes3277.7
2) No392092.3
Missing1015
Total4247100.0
315) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? A member of my family was the victim of a crime. (V324H)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes95322.4
2) No329777.6
Missing1012
Total4250100.0
316) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? One or both of my parents became a U.S. citizen. (V324I)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes99023.4
2) No324376.6
Missing1029
Total4233100.0
317) Lots of things happen in families that may affect young people. In the last 3 years, have any of the following happened to your family? I became a U.S. citizen. (V324J)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes50812.0
2) No370988.0
Missing1045
Total4217100.0
318) Finally, how important is each of the following to you in your life? Having children (V325A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important51312.0
2) Somewhat important161037.7
3) Very important215250.3
Missing987
Total4275100.0
319) Finally, how important is each of the following to you in your life? Having leisure time to enjoy my own interests (V325B)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important932.2
2) Somewhat important105524.7
3) Very important311973.1
Missing995
Total4267100.0
320) Finally, how important is each of the following to you in your life? Getting away from my parents (V325C)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important168839.6
2) Somewhat important193145.3
3) Very important64615.1
Missing997
Total4265100.0
321) Finally, how important is each of the following to you in your life? Becoming an expert in field of work (V325D)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important852.0
2) Somewhat important57613.5
3) Very important360584.5
Missing996
Total4266100.0
322) Finally, how important is each of the following to you in your life? Getting a good education (V325E)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important621.5
2) Somewhat important3588.4
3) Very important385590.2
Missing987
Total4275100.0
323) Grade point average, 1995 (school records) (V332)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total51542.460.95
324) Dropped out of school by 1995? (school records) (V337)
 TOTAL%
0) No437392.7
1) Yes3437.3
Missing546
Total4716100.0
325) Inactive school as of 1995 (V338)
 TOTAL%
0) No370478.5
1) Yes101221.5
Missing546
Total4716100.0
326) Total school enrollment, 1995 (school records) (V356)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total38692,522.981,068.43
327) Percent daily attendance at school, 1995 (school records) (V357)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total378993.011.98
328) Annual dropout rate at 1995 school (school records) (V358)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total38695.514.13
329) Parental interview done? (P1)
 TOTAL%
0) No282053.6
1) Yes244246.4
Total5262100.0
330) Parental interview location: Where do you live? (CITY) (P2A)
 TOTAL%
1) Miami or Ft. Lauderdale112346.0
2) San Diego131954.0
Missing2820
Total2442100.0
331) Parent/guardian relationship to child (P3)
 TOTAL%
1) Father88536.3
2) Mother148561.0
3) Stepfather130.5
4) Stepmother70.3
5) Uncle100.4
6) Aunt150.6
7) Grandfather80.3
8) Grandmother50.2
10) Older Sister40.2
12) Other Female Relative10.0
13) Male Guardian30.1
Missing2826
Total2436100.0
332) Parent/guardian interviewed sex: What is your sex? (P4)
 TOTAL%
1) Male91937.7
2) Female151762.3
Missing2826
Total2436100.0
333) Parent birth year: In what year were you born? (P5)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total241948.297.31
334) Parent birth country: Where were you born? (COUNTRY) (P6)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total244226.6217.53
335) Last country parent lived: What was your last place of residence, before coming to live permanently in the U.S.? (COUNTRY) (P7)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total240730.3120.50
336) Parent year arrive US: In what year did you arrive to live permanently in the U.S.? (P8)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total239976.418.38
337) Number US cities parent lived: How many cities (including the present one) have you lived in the U.S. (P10)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24141.921.40
338) Number states parent lived: How many different states have you lived in the U.S.? (P11)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24061.600.95
339) Parent citizenship: Are you a U.S. citizen? (P12)
 TOTAL%
0) Foreign118948.7
1) United States125151.3
Missing2822
Total2440100.0
340) Parent marital status: What is your marital status? (P13)
 TOTAL%
1) Married191078.3
2) Lives with Partner431.8
3) Divorced or Separated33513.7
4) Widowed1034.2
5) Other482.0
Missing2823
Total2439100.0
341) Parent partner relationship to child: What is the relationship of your spouse/partner to your child? (P14)
 TOTAL%
1) Biological Father/Mother170587.7
2) Stepfather/Stepmother20810.7
3) Other311.6
Missing3318
Total1944100.0
342) Child biological parent location: Where does your child's other biological parent currently live? (P15)
 TOTAL%
1) Same City19642.4
2) Other City in Same State4910.6
3) Other State8318.0
4) Other Country13429.0
Missing4800
Total462100.0
343) Other biological parent birth place: Where was your child's other biological parent born? (P16)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total65826.8418.38
344) Length child last seen other biological parent: How long is it since the last time your child saw him or her? (P17)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than a Week13123.5
2) Less than a Month6411.5
3) Less than 6 Months529.3
4) Less than a Year193.4
5) 1 to 3 Years20837.3
6) 3+ to 5 Years244.3
7) 5+ to 10 Years152.7
8) 10+ Years447.9
Missing4705
Total557100.0
345) Time parent with current partner: How long have you been living together with your present spouse/partner? (P18)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than 1 Year150.8
2) 1 to 3 Years372.0
3) 4 to 6 Years382.0
4) 7 to 10 Years613.3
5) 11 Years or More170491.9
Missing3407
Total1855100.0
346) Parent's spouse birth country: Where was she/he born? (P19)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total184925.1817.38
347) Parent spouse US citizen: Is she/he a U.S. citizen? (P20)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes90950.1
2) No90649.9
Missing3447
Total1815100.0
348) Number of children parent has: How many children in total do you have? (P21)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24253.492.00
349) Number of male children living with parent: How many male children live at this residence? (P22A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24421.781.34
350) Number of female children living with parent: How many female children live at this residence? (P22B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24421.371.11
351) Number of people in residence: In total, how many people live at this residence? (P23)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24355.041.72
352) Number of grandparents in residence: How many of your child's grandparents live at this residence? (P24)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12750.330.64
353) Number of other adults in residence: How many other adult relatives live at this residence? (P25)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12660.361.01
354) First language spoken in residence: What is the language spoken most in this residence? (P26A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total243813.9522.66
355) Second language spoken in residence: What is the language spoken second most in this residence? (P26B)
 TOTAL%
0) English10727.0
1) Spanish20451.4
2) French61.5
3) Creole (Haitian)92.3
5) Chinese153.8
10) Tagalog194.8
11) Other European Language30.8
12) Other Asian Language30.8
17) Other language not listed143.5
20) Vietnamese61.5
21) Laotian71.8
22) Cambodian20.5
26) Thai10.3
60) Tagalog & English10.3
Missing4865
Total397100.0
356) First language parent uses with child: In what language do you mostly speak to your child? (P27A)
 TOTAL%
0) English33713.8
1) Spanish58023.8
2) French69028.3
3) Creole (Haitian)1305.3
5) Chinese361.5
10) Tagalog301.2
11) Other European language10.0
12) Other Asian language20.1
20) Vietnamese2058.4
21) Laotian1255.1
22) Cambodian702.9
23) Hmong461.9
24) Japanese70.3
25) Korean20.1
26) Thai50.2
27) Hindi/Tamil/Other Indian20.1
51) Spanish & English160.7
60) Tagalog & English1004.1
61) Ilocano & English50.2
70) Vietnamese & English140.6
71) Laotian & English180.7
72) Cambodian & English80.3
73) Hmong & English10.0
76) Thai & English60.2
Missing2826
Total2436100.0
357) Second language parent uses with child: In what second language do you mostly speak to your child? (P27B)
 TOTAL%
0) English12013.4
1) Spanish67174.7
2) French10.1
3) Creole (Haitian)535.9
5) Chinese171.9
10) Tagalog80.9
11) Other European language70.8
12) Other Asian language60.7
20) Vietnamese30.3
21) Laotian60.7
22) Cambodian40.4
60) Tagalog & English10.1
61) Ilocano & English10.1
Missing4364
Total898100.0
358) How well do you speak English? (P28A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all2289.5
2) A little71729.9
3) Well71029.7
4) Very well73930.9
Missing2868
Total2394100.0
359) How well do you understand English? (P28B)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all1717.1
2) A little59324.8
3) Well79633.2
4) Very well83434.8
Missing2868
Total2394100.0
360) How well do you read English? (P28C)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all35014.6
2) A little54922.9
3) Well68028.4
4) Very well81534.0
Missing2868
Total2394100.0
361) How well do you write English? (P28D)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all43318.1
2) A little59624.9
3) Well59724.9
4) Very well76832.1
Missing2868
Total2394100.0
362) How well does your spouse/partner speak English? (P29A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all22211.9
2) A little52228.0
3) Well50327.0
4) Very well61633.1
Missing3399
Total1863100.0
363) How well does your spouse/partner understand English? (P29B)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all1709.1
2) A little49226.4
3) Well54329.1
4) Very well65935.4
Missing3398
Total1864100.0
364) How well does your spouse/partner read English? (P29C)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all30216.2
2) A little44023.6
3) Well48025.8
4) Very well64034.4
Missing3400
Total1862100.0
365) How well does your spouse/partner write English? (P29D)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all33017.7
2) A little46024.7
3) Well45324.3
4) Very well61833.2
Missing3401
Total1861100.0
366) How do you identify, that is what do you call yourself? (P30)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total228017.7213.41
367) What is the highest level of education that you completed? (P31)
 TOTAL%
0) No schooling331.4
1) Eighth grade or less48319.9
2) Beyond eighth grade but not HS graduate2309.5
3) High School Graduate43417.8
4) Less than one year Voc./Trade/Business School823.4
5) One to two years Voc./Trade/Business School903.7
6) Two years plus Voc./Trade/Business School1656.8
7) Less than two years of college1134.6
8) Two or more years of college30912.7
9) Finished four or five year college program37315.3
10) Master's degree or equivalent853.5
11) Ph.D., M.D. or other advanced degree361.5
Missing2829
Total2433100.0
368) Did you have a regular job in your country of birth before coming to the U.S.? (P32)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes123753.4
2) No107846.6
Missing2947
Total2315100.0
369) What was that occupation? (P33A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1249383.20266.00
370) Parent work situation: Which one of these best describes your present situation? (P34)
 TOTAL%
1) Employed Full Time139357.7
2) Employed Part Time24310.1
3) Unemployed and Looking for Work1235.1
4) Unemployed and Not Looking for Work803.3
5) Attending School Full or Part Time100.4
6) Retired682.8
7) Disabled1697.0
8) Keeping House32013.2
9) Other100.4
Missing2846
Total2416100.0
371) Parent occupation: What is your present occupation? (P35)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1614380.19233.17
372) Which of the following categories comes closest to describing your present job? (P36)
 TOTAL%
1) Clerical28217.5
2) Craftsperson18511.5
3) Farmer/Farm Manager10.1
5) Laborer1006.2
6) Manager/Administrator1257.8
7) Military241.5
8) Operative1589.8
9) Professional: Accountant, Artist, etc.1489.2
10) Professional: Clergyman, Dentist, etc.342.1
11) Proprietor/Owner825.1
12) Protective Service110.7
13) Sales674.2
14) School Teacher332.1
15) Service28717.9
16) Technical704.4
Missing3655
Total1607100.0
373) Are you mostly self-employed or do you work for someone else? (P37)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed27616.9
2) Working for someone else135382.8
3) Other50.3
Missing3628
Total1634100.0
374) Are the owner(s) of the places you work American or foreign-born? (P38)
 TOTAL%
1) American90372.7
2) Foreign-born31125.0
3) Both/Mixed282.3
Missing4020
Total1242100.0
375) What country(ies) did they come from? (P39A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total30235.6928.54
376) Are the managers of the place where you work mostly American or foreign-born? (P40)
 TOTAL%
1) American83063.5
2) Foreign-Born40831.2
3) Both/Mixed665.0
4) Hyphenated-Americans40.3
Missing3954
Total1308100.0
377) Employment managers origin country: What country(ies) did they come from? (P41A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total37731.0728.17
378) Are most co-worker in the place where you work American or foreign-born? (P42)
 TOTAL%
1) American41530.8
2) Foreign-Born71152.8
3) Both/Mixed20315.1
4) Hyphenated-Americans171.3
Missing3916
Total1346100.0
379) (If foreign-born) Co-workers origin country: What country(ies) did they come from? (P43A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total68033.5631.12
380) Did you ever work in the U.S.? (P44)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes42559.3
2) No29240.7
Missing4545
Total717100.0
381) What was your last occupation? (P45A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total417479.24231.50
382) Who was your last employer? (P45B)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-Employed71.4
2) Government/Military244.8
3) Private Company14529.2
4) Other32164.6
Missing4765
Total497100.0
383) Parent last occupation job category: Which of the following categories comes closest to describing that job? (P46)
 TOTAL%
1) Clerical6414.7
2) Craftsperson429.6
3) Farmer, Farm Manager10.2
5) Laborer5913.5
6) Manager/Administrator235.3
7) Military133.0
8) Operative8519.5
9) Professional: Accountant, Artist, etc.112.5
10) Professional: Clergyman, Dentist, etc.10.2
11) Proprietor/Owner81.8
12) Protective Service10.2
13) Sales214.8
14) School Teacher71.6
15) Service9020.6
16) Technical102.3
Missing4826
Total436100.0
384) What is the highest level of education that your spouse/partner completed? (P47)
 TOTAL%
0) No Schooling271.4
1) Eighth Grade or Less38320.0
2) Beyond Eighth Grade but not HS Graduate1678.7
3) High School Graduate39220.5
4) Less than One Year Voc./Trade/Business School764.0
5) One to Two Years Voc./Trade/Business School522.7
6) Two Years Plus Voc./Trade/Business School1246.5
7) Less than Two Years of College934.9
8) Two or More Years of College20610.8
9) Finished Four or Five Year College Program29015.2
10) Master's Degree or Equivalent743.9
11) Ph.D., M.D. or Other Advanced Degree301.6
Missing3348
Total1914100.0
385) Parent's spouse/partner employment: Which one of these best describes his/her situation? (P48)
 TOTAL%
1) Employed full time118261.6
2) Employed part time1306.8
3) Unemployed and looking for work603.1
4) Unemployed and not looking for work201.0
5) Attending school full or part time60.3
6) Retired573.0
7) Disabled1045.4
8) Keeping house28314.7
9) Other784.1
Missing3342
Total1920100.0
386) Parent's spouse/partner occupation: What is your [SIC] present occupation? (P49)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1296404.36249.90
387) Parent spouse/partner self-employment: Is she/he self-employed or do they work for someone else? (P50)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed25319.4
2) Working for someone else103679.5
3) Other141.1
Missing3959
Total1303100.0
388) Parent spouse/partner job category: Which of the following categories comes closest to describing his/her job? (P51)
 TOTAL%
1) Clerical14010.9
2) Craftsperson17213.4
3) Farmer, Farm Manager20.2
5) Laborer886.9
6) Manager/Administrator1017.9
7) Military423.3
8) Operative14211.1
9) Professional: Accountant, Artist, etc.907.0
10) Professional: Clergyman, Dentist, etc.453.5
11) Proprietor/Owner1118.7
12) Protective Service161.3
13) Sales604.7
14) School Teacher221.7
15) Service19014.8
16) Technical594.6
Missing3982
Total1280100.0
389) Is there any other person that has a paid occupation living in this house? (P52)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes86536.1
2) No153263.9
Missing2865
Total2397100.0
390) [IF P52==1] What is your relationship to first other person employed? (P53A)
 TOTAL%
1) Son/Stepson/Son-In-Law40748.2
2) Daughter/Stepdaughter/Daughter-In-Law34440.8
3) Brother/Brother-In-Law202.4
4) Sister/Sister-In-Law273.2
5) Mother/Father/Aunt/Uncle192.3
6) Other Relative111.3
7) Other Non-Relative161.9
Missing4418
Total844100.0
391) [IF P52==1] What is your relationship to second other person employed? (P53B)
 TOTAL%
1) Son/Stepson/Son-In-Law11145.5
2) Daughter/Stepdaughter/Daughter-In-Law10844.3
3) Brother/Brother-In-Law72.9
4) Sister/Sister-In-Law72.9
5) Mother/Father/Aunt/Uncle20.8
6) Other Relative31.2
7) Other Non-Relative62.5
Missing5018
Total244100.0
392) [IF P52==1] What is your relationship to third other person employed? (P53C)
 TOTAL%
1) Son/Stepson/Son-In-Law2741.5
2) Daughter/Stepdaughter/Daughter-In-Law3046.2
3) Brother/Brother-In-Law34.6
4) Sister/Sister-In-Law23.1
5) Mother/Father/Aunt/Uncle00.0
6) Other Relative23.1
7) Other Non-Relative11.5
Missing5197
Total65100.0
393) [IF P52==1] What is your relationship to fourth other person employed? (P53D)
 TOTAL%
1) Son/Stepson/Son-In-Law1050.0
2) Daughter/Stepdaughter/Daughter-In-Law840.0
3) Brother/Brother-In-Law15.0
4) Sister/Sister-In-Law00.0
5) Mother/Father/Aunt/Uncle00.0
6) Other Relative00.0
7) Other Non-Relative15.0
Missing5242
Total20100.0
394) Parent satisfied w/earnings: Are you satisfied with your present earnings? (P54)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes88955.6
2) No71044.4
Missing3663
Total1599100.0
395) Approximately, how much do you earn per month from all sources? (P55)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23001,512.212,040.12
396) And what was the total income of your family from all sources last year? (Include the sum of all earned and unearned incomes from self, spouse and all other family members). (P56)
 TOTAL%
1) None110.5
2) Less than $1,00050.2
3) $1,000-$2,999261.1
4) $3,000-$4,999261.1
5) $5,000-$7,499552.4
6) $7,500-$9,999984.2
7) $10,000-$14,99932514.0
8) $15,000-$19,99927311.8
9) $20,000-$24,99928212.1
10) $25,000-$34,99933914.6
11) $35,000-$49,99940617.5
12) $50,000-$74,99929712.8
13) $75,000-$99,9991134.9
14) $100,000-$199,999532.3
15) $200,000 or more130.6
Missing2940
Total2322100.0
397) Does your family have health insurance at present? (P57)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes169069.6
2) No61025.1
3) Other1295.3
Missing2833
Total2429100.0
398) During your first year of residence in the U.S., did you or your family receive any kind of economic assistance from a government or private agency? (P58)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes67327.9
2) No173271.9
3) Other40.2
Missing2853
Total2409100.0
399) First assistance agency: Please tell us which agencies were these? (P59A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government17230.0
2) Religious386.6
3) Other private charities468.0
4) Other31755.3
Missing4689
Total573100.0
400) Second assistance agency: Please tell us which agencies were these? (P59B)
 TOTAL%
1) Government4925.1
2) Religious189.2
3) Other private charities3115.9
4) Other9749.7
Missing5067
Total195100.0
401) Third assistance agency: Please tell us which agencies were these? (P59C)
 TOTAL%
1) Government109.8
2) Religious1312.7
3) Other private charities1211.8
4) Other6765.7
Missing5160
Total102100.0
402) During your first year of residence, did you have any contact with agencies or departments of the U.S. government? (P60)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes110346.3
2) No127953.7
Missing2880
Total2382100.0
403) Would you say that these contacts helped you or made it harder for you to adapt to life in the U.S.? (P61)
 TOTAL%
1) Helped81083.0
2) Neither15215.6
3) Hindered141.4
Missing4286
Total976100.0
404) Do you or any members of your family currently receive any of the following? Food stamps (P62A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes44118.3
2) No196981.7
Missing2852
Total2410100.0
405) Do you or any members of your family currently receive any of the following? Aid to Families with Dependent Children (P62B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes40016.7
2) No200283.3
Missing2860
Total2402100.0
406) Do you or any members of your family currently receive any of the following? Supplemental Security Income (P62C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes31112.9
2) No209387.1
Missing2858
Total2404100.0
407) Do you or any members of your family currently receive any of the following? Disability Payments (P62D)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1225.1
2) No228594.9
Missing2855
Total2407100.0
408) Do you or any members of your family currently receive any of the following? MediCal/Medicaid (P62E)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes60425.1
2) No179974.9
Missing2859
Total2403100.0
409) Do you or any members of your family currently receive any of the following? Other public assistance of any kind (P62F)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1164.8
2) No228095.2
Missing2866
Total2396100.0
410) (If self-employed - See Question 37) Did you receive any kind of government assistance, such as a loan or training course to start your business? (P63)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes93.8
2) No23096.2
Missing5023
Total239100.0
411) [SELF-EMPLOYED ASSISTANCE] (If yes) What kind of assistance was this? (P64)
 TOTAL%
1) Occupational training333.3
2) Loan or grant444.4
3) Other type of assistance222.2
Missing5253
Total9100.0
412) What is your race? (P65)
 TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian75833.1
2) Black/African1838.0
3) Asian/Yellow69430.3
4) Brown/Mestizo1787.8
5) Mulatto251.1
6) Hispanic/Latino783.4
7) Indio/Indian351.5
8) National or Ethnic Id for Race33414.6
9) Chicano20.1
10) Pacific Islander20.1
Missing2973
Total2289100.0
413) Do you feel that you have been discriminated against because of your race or your ethnicity in the U.S.? (P66)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes77231.9
2) No162367.1
3) Other220.9
Missing2845
Total2417100.0
414) How often have you been discriminated against? (P67)
 TOTAL%
1) Often13417.7
2) Occasionally35947.5
3) Rarely26234.7
Missing4507
Total755100.0
415) And what group has mostly discriminated against you? (P68A)
 TOTAL%
1) White Americans44870.0
2) Black Americans7812.2
3) Asians121.9
4) Cubans, Cuban-Americans355.5
5) Latinos, Hispanics304.7
6) State Agencies (Quotas, Preferences, Set-Asides)91.4
7) Other, not listed above284.4
Missing4622
Total640100.0
416) Compared to people of other races or nationalities, how many opportunities for job advancement do you get at work? (P69)
 TOTAL%
1) A lot less2224.2
2) A little less1718.7
3) Same as others5156.0
5) A lot more11.1
Missing5171
Total91100.0
417) Because of your race or nationality, how often do people in your work place treat you as less competent than you deserve to be treated? (P70)
 TOTAL%
1) Never5158.6
2) Almost never2124.1
3) At least once a year89.2
4) At least once a month55.7
5) At least once a week11.1
6) Almost daily11.1
Missing5175
Total87100.0
418) How often do you hear people in your workplace make rude remarks or negative comments about people of your race or nationality? (P71)
 TOTAL%
1) Never6260.2
2) Almost never2221.4
3) At least once a year65.8
4) At least once a month98.7
5) At least once a week11.0
6) Almost daily32.9
Missing5159
Total103100.0
419) Because of your race or nationality, how often do you receive poor service, for instance in stores or restaurants (P72)
 TOTAL%
1) Never108246.2
2) Almost never107345.8
3) At least once a year1064.5
4) At least once a month562.4
5) At least once a week180.8
6) Almost daily70.3
Missing2920
Total2342100.0
420) Because of your race or nationality, how often do you feel out of place or unwelcome in public places? (P73)
 TOTAL%
1) Never113248.4
2) Almost never105845.2
3) At least once a year873.7
4) At least once a month421.8
5) At least once a week130.6
6) Almost daily90.4
Missing2921
Total2341100.0
421) Which of these words best describes the relations between your own ethnic group and white Americans according to your experience? Cordial, cold or don't know? (P74A)
 TOTAL%
1) Cordial137278.2
2) Cold36620.9
4) Neither/Mixed/Depends160.9
Missing3508
Total1754100.0
422) Which of these words best describes the relations between your own ethnic group and white Americans according to your experience? Close, distant or don't know? (P74B)
 TOTAL%
1) Close92955.2
2) Distant73243.5
4) Neither/Mixed/Depends231.4
Missing3578
Total1684100.0
423) Which of these words best describes the relations between your own ethnic group and white Americans according to your experience? Friendly, hostile or don't know?D (P74C)
 TOTAL%
1) Friendly163088.9
2) Hostile18610.1
4) Neither/Mixed/Depends181.0
Missing3428
Total1834100.0
424) Child opposition/white club: Do you think your child will experience opposition in the future if he/she wants to: Join a club of white Americans. (P75A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes41121.8
2) No147478.2
Missing3377
Total1885100.0
425) Do you think your child will experience opposition in the future if he/she wants to: Move into a white American neighborhood. (P75B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes31315.8
2) No167284.2
Missing3277
Total1985100.0
426) Do you think your child will experience opposition in the future if he/she wants to: Marry a white American. (P75C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes26914.4
2) No159485.6
Missing3399
Total1863100.0
427) Do you think white Americans consider themselves: (P76)
 TOTAL%
1) Superior142871.1
2) Equal52226.0
3) Inferior110.5
4) Don't know482.4
Missing3253
Total2009100.0
428) How many relatives (other than spouse and children) were already living in the United States when you arrived? (P77)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total219214.4025.64
429) And how much help did you receive from your relatives when you arrived? (P78)
 TOTAL%
1) None42925.2
2) A Little43225.4
3) A Lot84149.4
Missing3560
Total1702100.0
430) How many friends did you have in the U.S. when you arrived? (P79)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total215025.3335.35
431) And how much help did you receive from your friends when you arrived? (P80)
 TOTAL%
1) None35533.7
2) A Little34432.7
3) A Lot35433.6
Missing4209
Total1053100.0
432) Who helped you get your first job in the United States? (P81)
 TOTAL%
0) Never worked442.1
1) Got it himself/herself79037.3
2) Relative(s)49323.3
3) Friend(s)50223.7
4) Other compatriot773.6
5) Government agency683.2
6) Private agency612.9
7) Church or social club371.7
8) Other442.1
Missing3146
Total2116100.0
433) Were the owners of the place where you first worked in the United States American or foreign-born? (P82)
 TOTAL%
1) American129469.8
2) Foreign-Born53929.1
3) Mixed/Both130.7
4) Hyphenated-American80.4
Missing3408
Total1854100.0
434) What country(ies) did they come from? (P83)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total50636.8829.47
435) What country(ies) did they come from? (P85)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total105833.3330.89
436) Apart from those who live in this house, how many relatives of yours live now near you (In the same city or county)? (P86)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total222911.5915.84
437) Do you have relatives who live in the United States, but not in this area? (P87)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes186076.8
2) No56123.2
Missing2841
Total2421100.0
438) (IF P87==1) How many? [NUMBER OF U.S. RELATIVES] (P88)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total184712.4216.17
439) How many friends do you have in this city or county? (P89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total233528.5931.59
440) [IF P89=0] How many of them did you know before you came to the U.S.? (P90)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18399.1520.75
441) [IF P89!=0] How many of these friends were not born in your country of birth? (P91)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total183721.0491.11
442) In general, do you socialize mainly with: Other persons born in my own country of birth? (P92A)
 TOTAL%
0) No83934.5
1) Yes159265.5
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
443) In general, do you socialize mainly with: Other foreign-born persons? (P92B)
 TOTAL%
0) No210086.4
1) Yes33113.6
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
444) In general, do you socialize mainly with: White Americans? (P92C)
 TOTAL%
0) No225592.8
1) Yes1767.2
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
445) In general, do you socialize mainly with: Black-Americans? (P92D)
 TOTAL%
0) No236597.3
1) Yes662.7
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
446) In general, do you socialize mainly with: Hispanic-Americans? (P92E)
 TOTAL%
0) No222791.6
1) Yes2048.4
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
447) In general, do you socialize mainly with: Asian-Americans? (P92F)
 TOTAL%
0) No234796.5
1) Yes843.5
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
448) In general, do you socialize mainly with: Other? (P92G)
 TOTAL%
0) No208685.8
1) Yes34514.2
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
449) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: From my own country. Unweighted (P93A)
 TOTAL%
0) No173471.2
1) Yes70328.8
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
450) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: Immigrants from other countries. (P93B)
 TOTAL%
0) No178773.3
1) Yes65026.7
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
451) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: White Americans. (P93C)
 TOTAL%
0) No180974.2
1) Yes62825.8
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
452) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: Black Americans. (P93D)
 TOTAL%
0) No217889.4
1) Yes25910.6
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
453) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: Hispanic Americans. (P93E)
 TOTAL%
0) No208685.6
1) Yes35114.4
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
454) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: Asian Americans. (P93F)
 TOTAL%
0) No225392.4
1) Yes1847.6
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
455) The people in my neighborhood are mostly: Other. (P93G)
 TOTAL%
0) No205684.4
1) Yes38115.6
Missing2825
Total2437100.0
456) How much do people from your country help each other in the United States? (P94)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all24310.2
2) A Little63326.6
3) Somewhat85836.0
4) A Lot64727.2
Missing2881
Total2381100.0
457) How important is it for you to keep in contact with other people from your country living here? (P95)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all2309.5
2) A Little35414.7
3) Somewhat64226.6
4) A Lot118949.2
Missing2847
Total2415100.0
458) How proud are you of your country? (P96)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all532.2
2) A Little813.4
3) Somewhat33213.8
4) A Lot194580.7
Missing2851
Total2411100.0
459) How important is it for [YOUR CHILD] to know about your country? (P97)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all341.4
2) A Little1034.3
3) Somewhat40016.6
4) A Lot187977.8
Missing2846
Total2416100.0
460) How often do you talk to [YOUR CHILD] about your country? (P98)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all652.7
2) A Little34514.3
3) Somewhat64126.5
4) A Lot136656.5
Missing2845
Total2417100.0
461) How often do you celebrate any special days connected with your country? (P99)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all59224.5
2) A Little39516.3
3) Somewhat57723.8
4) A Lot85635.4
Missing2842
Total2420100.0
462) How true are the following statements? Many people from my country live in this neighborhood. (P100)
 TOTAL%
1) True118252.8
2) False105647.2
Missing3024
Total2238100.0
463) How true are the following statements? People from my country who live in this neighborhood do not help each other. (P101)
 TOTAL%
1) True43524.2
2) False135975.8
Missing3468
Total1794100.0
464) How true are the following statements? I have a close community of friends among people from my country. (P102)
 TOTAL%
1) True170872.6
2) False64427.4
Missing2910
Total2352100.0
465) How true are the following statements? People from my country are usually very supportive of each other. (P103)
 TOTAL%
1) True166377.1
2) False49422.9
Missing3105
Total2157100.0
466) How true are the following statements? People from my country have not been very successful economically in the U.S. (P104)
 TOTAL%
1) True61229.1
2) False149270.9
Missing3158
Total2104100.0
467) How true are the following statements? I prefer to buy in stores owned by people from my own country. (P105)
 TOTAL%
1) True49321.6
2) False178578.4
Missing2984
Total2278100.0
468) How true are the following statements? If I needed a loan, I would rather borrow from people from my country than from Americans. (P106)
 TOTAL%
1) True50623.8
2) False162476.2
Missing3132
Total2130100.0
469) How long have you lived in this neighborhood? [YEARS] (P107)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total24208.635.79
470) How satisfied are you with your neighborhood? (P108)
 TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied128252.7
2) Satisfied82533.9
3) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied1968.1
4) Dissatisfied1104.5
5) Very dissatisfied180.7
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
471) In your neighborhood, how much of a problem is... Different racial or cultural groups who do not get along with each other? (P109)
 TOTAL%
1) Not a problem209986.4
2) Somewhat of a problem25210.4
3) A big problem793.3
Missing2832
Total2430100.0
472) Neighborhood problem/no respect-rules/laws: In your neighborhood, how much of a problem is... Little respect for rules, laws, and authority? (P110)
 TOTAL%
1) Not a problem195980.8
2) Somewhat of a problem34414.2
3) A big problem1235.1
Missing2836
Total2426100.0
473) In your neighborhood, how much of a problem is... Assaults and muggings? (P111)
 TOTAL%
1) Not a problem180574.4
2) Somewhat of a problem44818.5
3) A big problem1747.2
Missing2835
Total2427100.0
474) In your neighborhood, how much of a problem is... Delinquent gangs or drug gangs? (P112)
 TOTAL%
1) Not a problem185676.6
2) Somewhat of a problem38215.8
3) A big problem1867.7
Missing2838
Total2424100.0
475) In your neighborhood, how much of a problem is... Drug use or drug dealing in the open? (P113)
 TOTAL%
1) Not a problem201383.3
2) Somewhat of a problem2409.9
3) A big problem1646.8
Missing2845
Total2417100.0
476) Do you think that people in your neighborhood would intervene (do something) in the following situations? If there was a fight in front of your house and someone was being beaten? (P114)
 TOTAL%
1) Very unlikely26210.9
2) Unlikely26511.0
3) Likely120650.2
4) Very likely66827.8
Missing2861
Total2401100.0
477) Do you think that people in your neighborhood would intervene (do something) in the following situations? If someone were trying to sell drugs to one of your children in plain sight? (P115)
 TOTAL%
1) Very unlikely25510.6
2) Unlikely32513.6
3) Likely104643.7
4) Very likely76932.1
Missing2867
Total2395100.0
478) Do you think that people in your neighborhood would intervene (do something) in the following situations? If your kids were getting into trouble? (P116)
 TOTAL%
1) Very unlikely25810.7
2) Unlikely29512.3
3) Likely114247.5
4) Very likely70729.4
Missing2860
Total2402100.0
479) Please tell us how much you agree or disagree with each statement. There are a lot of adults around here my children can look up to. (P117)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree712.9
2) Disagree28311.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree59924.8
4) Agree118649.2
5) Strongly agree27211.3
Missing2851
Total2411100.0
480) Please tell us how much you agree or disagree with each statement. My neighbors have similar views about how to raise children. (P118)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree763.2
2) Disagree30312.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree71029.6
4) Agree107945.0
5) Strongly agree2289.5
Missing2866
Total2396100.0
481) Please tell us how much you agree or disagree with each statement. I can count on people in the neighborhood to let me know about opportunities for my kids. (P119)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree743.1
2) Disagree40516.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree72530.1
4) Agree98040.7
5) Strongly agree2239.3
Missing2855
Total2407100.0
482) Do you and your spouse/partner do any of the following at your child's school? Belong to a parent-teacher organization? (P120A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes106443.9
2) No135756.1
Missing2841
Total2421100.0
483) Do you and your spouse/partner do any of the following at your child's school? Attend meetings of a parent-teacher organization? (P120B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes191979.0
2) No50921.0
Missing2834
Total2428100.0
484) Do you and your spouse/partner do any of the following at your child's school? Act as a volunteer in the school? (P120C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes98940.8
2) No143359.2
Missing2840
Total2422100.0
485) Do you know the first name or nickname of any of [YOUR CHILD] close friends? (P121)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes206985.0
2) No36515.0
Missing2828
Total2434100.0
486) [IF P121=1] How many? (P122)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total20498.8812.26
487) [IF P121=1] Do you know the parents of any of these children? (P123)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes182779.2
2) No48020.8
Missing2955
Total2307100.0
488) [IF P123=1] How many? (P124)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19068.598.12
489) Are there family rules for your child about any of the following television-related activities? What program he/she may watch? (P125A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes142058.4
2) No101141.6
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
490) Are there family rules for your child about any of the following television-related activities? How early or late he/she may watch television? (P125B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes167869.0
2) No75331.0
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
491) Are there family rules for your child about any of the following television-related activities? How many hours he/she may watch television overall? (P125C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes149161.4
2) No93738.6
Missing2834
Total2428100.0
492) Are there family rules for your child about any of the following activities? Maintaining a certain grade average? (P126A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes205084.5
2) No37615.5
Missing2836
Total2426100.0
493) Are there family rules for your child about any of the following activities? Doing homework? (P126B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes224592.7
2) No1777.3
Missing2840
Total2422100.0
494) Are there family rules for your child about any of the following activities? Doing household chores? (P126C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes214088.2
2) No28711.8
Missing2835
Total2427100.0
495) Parents differ in how much they talk to their children about what they do in school. How often do you or your spouse/partner talk with your child about his or her experiences in school? (P127)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at All241.0
2) Rarely1154.7
3) Occasionally44618.3
4) Regularly184675.9
Missing2831
Total2431100.0
496) How often do you or your spouse/partner talk with your child about her or his educational plans for after high school? (P128)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all331.4
2) Rarely1104.5
3) Occasionally46719.2
4) Regularly182374.9
Missing2829
Total2433100.0
497) How often do you or your spouse/partner help your child with his or her homework? (P129)
 TOTAL%
1) Seldom or never115047.5
2) Once or twice a month34914.4
3) Once or twice a week38515.9
4) Almost every day53722.2
Missing2841
Total2421100.0
498) Are any of the following people at home when your child returns home from school? Mother or female guardian? (P130A)
 TOTAL%
1) Usually140262.1
2) Sometimes26611.8
3) Rarely1627.2
4) Never42819.0
Missing3004
Total2258100.0
499) Are any of the following people at home when your child returns home from school? Father or male guardian? (P130B)
 TOTAL%
1) Usually59034.3
2) Sometimes28316.4
3) Rarely22413.0
4) Never62436.3
Missing3541
Total1721100.0
500) Are any of the following people at home when your child returns home from school? Other adult relative? (P130C)
 TOTAL%
1) Usually32420.7
2) Sometimes1147.3
3) Rarely845.4
4) Never104166.6
Missing3699
Total1563100.0
501) Are any of the following people at home when your child returns home from school? Adult neighbor? (P130D)
 TOTAL%
1) Usually916.3
2) Sometimes815.6
3) Rarely765.2
4) Never120582.9
Missing3809
Total1453100.0
502) Are any of the following people at home when your child returns home from school? Older brother or sister? (P130E)
 TOTAL%
1) Usually26718.6
2) Sometimes24016.7
3) Rarely896.2
4) Never84058.5
Missing3826
Total1436100.0
503) How satisfied are you with the education your child has received up to now? (P131)
 TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied126252.1
2) Satisfied96539.8
3) Not satisfied1978.1
Missing2838
Total2424100.0
504) How far in school do you expect your child to go? (P132)
 TOTAL%
1) Eighth grade or less120.5
2) Beyond eighth grade, but not high school graduation160.7
3) High school graduation823.4
4) Less than one year vocational, trade or business school381.6
5) One to two years vocational, trade or business school371.5
6) Two years or more vocational, trade or business school964.0
7) Less than two years college903.7
8) Two or more years college24110.0
9) Finish a four or five-year degree program94939.3
10) Master's degree or equivalent41417.1
11) Ph.D., M.D. or other advanced degree44118.3
Missing2846
Total2416100.0
505) Have you or your spouse/partner done anything specific in order to have some money for your child's education after high school? (P133)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes89037.4
2) No149262.6
Missing2880
Total2382100.0
506) About how much money have you set aside for your child's future educational needs? (P134)
 TOTAL%
0) None566.5
1) Less than $1,00012113.9
2) $1,000-$3,00015918.3
3) $3,001-$6,00017219.8
4) $6,001-$10,00010011.5
5) $10,001-$15,000738.4
6) More than $15,00017119.7
7) Other, not determined161.8
Missing4394
Total868100.0
507) Indicate which statement is true or false for your family. My child will be able to earn most of the money he or she will need for schooling beyond high school. (P135A)
 TOTAL%
1) True67127.8
2) False142259.0
3) Have not thought about this31713.2
Missing2852
Total2410100.0
508) Indicate which statement is true or false for your family. We can pay for our child's further education without getting any outside assistance. (P135B)
 TOTAL%
1) True62626.0
2) False161166.9
3) Have not thought about this1717.1
Missing2854
Total2408100.0
509) Indicate which statement is true or false for your family. The family is not willing to go into debt for something. (P135C)
 TOTAL%
1) True88336.8
2) False126652.8
3) Have not thought about this25110.5
Missing2862
Total2400100.0
510) Indicate which statement is true or false for your family. The family income is too high to qualify for a loan or scholarship. (P135D)
 TOTAL%
1) True35314.7
2) False184977.1
3) Have not thought about this1978.2
Missing2863
Total2399100.0
511) How worried are you about negative influences on [YOUR CHILD] from other students in he/his school? (P136)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all53122.1
2) A Little34414.3
3) Somewhat40616.9
4) Very112146.7
Missing2860
Total2402100.0
512) How worried are you about negative influences on [YOUR CHILD] from her/his own close friends? (P137)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all83134.6
2) A Little44518.5
3) Somewhat36315.1
4) Very76631.9
Missing2857
Total2405100.0
513) How different are your views and ideas from those of [YOUR CHILD] friends? (P138)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all33716.0
2) A Little61329.1
3) Somewhat51624.5
4) Very64230.5
Missing3154
Total2108100.0
514) How different are the messages she/he is getting from you and from his/her friends about becoming a successful person? (P139)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all42921.1
2) A Little56127.6
3) Somewhat46522.9
4) Very58028.5
Missing3227
Total2035100.0
515) Do you want your child to be raised according to the customs of your own country or according to American customs? (P140)
 TOTAL%
1) Own Country96140.2
2) American Customs61125.6
3) Both/Mix of the two79233.2
4) Other241.0
Missing2874
Total2388100.0
516) In general, how satisfied are you from having come to the U.S. to live? (P141)
 TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied151162.4
2) Somewhat satisfied82334.0
3) Dissatisfied763.1
4) Very dissatisfied100.4
5) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied10.0
Missing2841
Total2421100.0
517) Do you plan to stay indefinitely in the U.S. or return to your own country? (P142)
 TOTAL%
1) Remain in the U.S. indefinitely179181.4
2) Return to Home Country30113.7
3) Other1074.9
Missing3063
Total2199100.0
518) Parent Occupational Prestige Abroad (Treiman Scores) (P143)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total118443.3813.73
519) Parent Present Occupational Prestige (Treiman Scores) (P144)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total155741.8512.81
520) Private School in 1992-93. Recode of V4. (C1)
 TOTAL%
0) Public School505596.1
1) Private School2073.9
Total5262100.0
521) Private School in 1995-96 (Derived from V204) (C2)
 TOTAL%
0) No445896.3
1) Yes1723.7
Missing632
Total4630100.0
522) National Origin. Constructed from V9, V15, and V21a. If father and mother are from different countries, mother's national origin is assigned. (C3)
 TOTAL%
1) Cuba122623.3
2) Mexico75514.3
3) Nicaragua3446.5
4) Colombia2274.3
7) Dominican Republic1052.0
8) Central America1542.9
18) South America2114.0
21) Haiti1783.4
22) Jamaica1563.0
23) West Indies1162.2
30) Philippines81915.6
31) Vietnam3707.0
32) Laos1552.9
33) Cambodia951.8
34) Hmong531.0
38) Chinese721.4
45) Other Asia1001.9
50) Middle East, Africa380.7
60) Europe, Canada881.7
Total5262100.0
523) Knowledge of English in 1992-93 (Average of Scores in V24 to V27) (C4)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52583.710.49
524) Knowledge of English in 1995-96 (Average of Scores in V224 to V227) (C5)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42813.770.42
525) Knowledge of Foreign Language in 1992-93 (Average of Scores) (C6)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52302.661.10
526) Knowledge of Foreign Language in 1995-96 (Average of Scores) (C7)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42882.661.12
527) Bilingual in 1992-93 (Constructed from C4 and C6) (C8)
 TOTAL%
1) Fluent Bilingual112921.5
2) English Dominant222842.3
3) Foreign Language Dominant72113.7
4) Limited Bilingual118422.5
Total5262100.0
528) Bilingual in 1995-96 (Constructed from C5 and C7) (C9)
 TOTAL%
1) Fluent Bilingual110525.8
2) English Dominant185943.4
3) Foreign Language Dominant45410.6
4) Limited Bilingual87020.3
Missing974
Total4288100.0
529) Reported Father Ethnic Self-Identity (Derived from V68) (C10)
 TOTAL%
0) American135527.3
1) Hyphenated-American96619.4
2) Nationality-specific252750.9
3) Panethnic1192.4
Missing295
Total4967100.0
530) Reported Mother Ethnic Self-Identity (Derived from V71) (C11)
 TOTAL%
0) American119823.7
1) Hyphenated-American106021.0
2) Nationality-specific268853.2
3) Panethnic1072.1
Missing209
Total5053100.0
531) Respondent's Ethnic Self-Identity, 1992-93 (Derived from V78) (C12)
 TOTAL%
0) American68313.0
1) Hyphenated-American209739.9
2) Nationality-specific143527.3
3) Panethnic86716.5
4) Mixed, other1803.4
Total5262100.0
532) Respondent's Ethnic Self-Identity, 1995-96 (Derived from V278A) (C13)
 TOTAL%
0) American1503.5
1) Hyphenated-American131430.6
2) Nationality-specific148234.6
3) Panethnic113526.5
4) Mixed, other2074.8
Missing974
Total4288100.0
533) Depression, 1992-93 (CES-D Depression Scale, Average of V114 to V117) (C14)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52041.660.64
534) Depression, 1995-96 (CES-D Depression Scale, Average of V314 to V317) (C15)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42581.660.64
535) Self-Esteem, 1992-93 (Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Average) (C16)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total51883.300.52
536) Self-Esteem, 1995-96 (Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Average) (C17)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42613.410.51
537) Family Cohesion, 1995-96 (Average of V288 to V290) (C18)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42673.611.00
538) Familism Index, 1995-96 (Average of V291 to V293) (C19)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total42721.870.62
539) Parent Knowledge of English (Average of P28A to P28D) (C20)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23942.830.98
540) CILS III questionnaire: Have CILS III questionnaire? (V400)
 TOTAL%
0) No191836.5
1) Yes334463.5
Total5262100.0
541) City of current residence (V401A)
542) State of current residence (V401B)
543) Current marital status (V402)
 TOTAL%
1) Married60018.1
2) Engaged to be married1965.9
3) Living with partner1845.6
4) Single222567.2
5) Divorced431.3
6) Separated421.3
7) Other210.6
Missing1951
Total3311100.0
544) Date of change in marital status (V402A)
545) Marital status/other: Specify 'other' marital status from v402 (V402B)
546) Respondent has children: Do you have any children? (V403)
 TOTAL%
0) No263979.6
1) Yes67820.4
Missing1945
Total3317100.0
547) Number respondent children: If yes, how many? (V403A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18010.540.81
548) Residence type: Where do you live now? That is, where do you stay most often? (V404)
 TOTAL%
1) Parent's home174153.0
2) Own place (apartment, house, etc.)126138.4
3) Another relative's home1013.1
4) A friend's home or apartment621.9
5) Group quarters (dorm, frat, barracks, group home, etc.)611.9
6) Other621.9
Missing1974
Total3288100.0
549) Residence type/other: Kind of group quarters R is living in, combined with 'other' from V404 (V404A)
550) People living w/respondent: How many people live with you? (V405)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total32943.087.56
551) Respondent different addresses since 1995: Since 1995, at how many different addresses have you lived? (V406)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total32822.422.09
552) Highest school grade/year completed: What is the highest grade or year of school you have completed? (V407)
 TOTAL%
1) Some high school (Grades 9-12, No diploma)1454.4
2) Graduated from high school59017.9
3) One or two years of post-high school voc. training/college65619.9
4) Graduated two-year college/voc. school (assoc. degree)3199.7
5) Three or more years of college (no degree yet)68120.7
6) Graduated from four/five-year college (e.g., bachelor's degree)67120.4
7) Some graduate school (no degree yet)1534.6
8) Master's degree361.1
9) Professional/doctoral degree (JD, MD, DDS, Ph.D.)130.4
10) Other321.0
Missing1966
Total3296100.0
553) Highest grade or year of school completed (V407 recoded into number of years) (V407A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total326414.331.83
554) Highest school completed/other: Specify 'other' from V407 (V407B)
555) GED/HS equivalency degree: What degree or diplomas have you received? GED or high school equivalency degree? (V408A)
 TOTAL%
0) No167292.2
1) Yes1427.8
Missing3448
Total1814100.0
556) GED/equivalency year: What year did you receive it? (V408B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total841,996.361.80
557) High school diploma: What degree or diplomas have you received? High school diploma? (V408C)
 TOTAL%
0) No44724.6
1) Yes136775.4
Missing3448
Total1814100.0
558) High school diploma year: What year did you receive it? (V408D)
559) Associate/junior college degree: What degree or diplomas have you received? Associate or junior college degree-an AA? (V408E)
 TOTAL%
0) No140977.7
1) Yes40522.3
Missing3448
Total1814100.0
560) Associate/junior college degree year: What year did you receive it? (V408F)
561) Assoc/junior college major (V408G)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3161,998.821.53
562) Bachelor's degree: What degree or diplomas have you received? Bachelor's degree-a BA, AB, BS? (V408H)
 TOTAL%
0) No132873.2
1) Yes48626.8
Missing3448
Total1814100.0
563) Bachelor's degree major: What was your major field of study? (V408I)
564) Bachelor's degree year: What year did you receive it? (V408J)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3731,999.700.93
565) Master's degree: What degree or diplomas have you received? Masters degree-a MA, MS, MPH? (V408K)
 TOTAL%
0) No177998.1
1) Yes341.9
Missing3449
Total1813100.0
566) Master's degree major: What was your major field of study? (V408L)
567) Master's degree year: What year did you receive it? (V408M)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total222,000.640.79
568) JD/MD/DDS/DrPH/PhD degree: What degree or diplomas have you received? Professional or Doctoral degree-a JD, MD, DDS, DrPH, Ph.D, and so on? (V408N)
 TOTAL%
0) No180799.7
1) Yes60.3
Missing3449
Total1813100.0
569) JD/MD/DDS/DrPH/PhD degree major: What was your major field of study? (V408O)
570) JD/MD/DDS/DrPH/PhD degree year: What year did you receive it? (V408P)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22,001.001.41
571) In school currently: Are you currently enrolled in school? (V409)
 TOTAL%
0) No157748.8
1) Yes165651.2
Missing2029
Total3233100.0
572) Current school type: What type of school are you currently enrolled in? (V409A)
 TOTAL%
1) GED program130.8
2) Vocational training1197.1
3) Two-year college51530.8
4) Four-year college or university68340.9
5) Graduate program1599.5
6) Professional school945.6
7) Other875.2
Missing3592
Total1670100.0
573) Current school type/other: Specify 'other' from V409A (V409B)
574) Degree/certificate expected/field: What degree or certificate do you expect to receive there in what field? (V409C)
575) Month/year degree expected: When do you expect to receive it? (V409D)
576) Highest expected degree by 30: What is the highest level of education (degree) you realistically expect to have achieved when you reach age 30? (V410)
577) Highest expected educational attainment years by 30: What is the highest level of education you realistically expect to have achieved when you reach age 30? (V410 recoded into estimated number of years) (V410A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total246516.751.49
578) Expected study field: What field of study? (V410B)
579) Present work situation: What is your present work situation? (V411)
 TOTAL%
1) Employed full time205262.2
2) Employed part time64719.6
3) Unemployed and looking for work2266.9
4) Laid off and not looking for work140.4
5) Unemployed and not looking for work411.2
6) On maternity/paternity leave290.9
7) Attending school full time and not working2487.5
8) Full-time homemaker and not working361.1
9) Disabled and not able to work60.2
Missing1963
Total3299100.0
580) Number of full-time jobs since HS: Since leaving high school, how many full-time jobs have you had-that is, how many jobs have you had where you worked for at least 35 hours a week and you had that job for at least 6 months or longer? (V412)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total32571.901.80
581) Number of part-time jobs since HS: Since leaving high school, how many part-time jobs have you had-that is, jobs where you worked less than 35 hours per week? (V413)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total32112.092.20
582) First full-time job: What was your first full-time job? (V414)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3266412.78300.91
583) Employer/first full-time job: Who was your employer? (V414A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total265068.8616.02
584) Employer/first full-time job/other: Other employer from V414A (V414A1)
585) Month first employed: When were you first employed full time? (Month) (V414B)
 TOTAL%
1) January1899.6
2) February1186.0
3) March995.0
4) April1145.8
5) May1165.9
6) June34917.7
7) July21010.6
8) August26913.6
9) September1879.5
10) October1387.0
11) November995.0
12) December884.5
Missing3286
Total1976100.0
586) Year first employed: When were you first employed full time? (Year) (V414C)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19501,996.891.94
587) First job Treiman prestige score: Treiman prestige score for V414 (V414D)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total239339.7711.60
588) Main present occupation: Currently, what is your main occupation or job-that is, the paid job you spend the most time at now? (V415)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3276415.52318.87
589) Employer/first full-time job: Who was your employer? (V415A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total269568.4016.16
590) Current employer/other: Other employer from V415A (V415A1)
591) Month current job began: When did you begin working at this job? (Month) (V415B)
 TOTAL%
1) January29211.4
2) February2168.4
3) March1887.3
4) April1887.3
5) May1837.1
6) June2509.7
7) July1997.7
8) August28511.1
9) September2529.8
10) October2068.0
11) November1706.6
12) December1415.5
Missing2692
Total2570100.0
592) Year current job began: When did you begin working at this job? (Year) (V415C)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total17821,998.811.89
593) Hours/week current job: How many hours per week do you work at this job? (V415D)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total266237.1811.45
594) Current job Treiman prestige score: Treiman prestige score for V415 (V415E)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total259144.5411.81
595) Self-employed/working someone else: Are you mostly self-employed or do you work for someone else? (V416)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed1515.2
2) Working for someone else258789.7
3) Other1465.1
Missing2378
Total2884100.0
596) Working/other: Specify 'other' from V416 (V416A)
597) Current supervisor race/ethnicity: What is the race or ethnicity of your immediate supervisor? (V417)
 TOTAL%
1) Asian American1706.4
2) Latin American/Hispanic72727.2
3) African American/Black1907.1
4) European American/White125046.8
5) Other33312.5
Missing2592
Total2670100.0
598) Current supervisor race/other: Specify 'other' from V417 (V417A)
599) Current employee's race/ethnicity: What is the race or ethnicity of most of the employees doing the kind of work you do in that job? (V418)
 TOTAL%
1) Asian American1927.0
2) Latin American/Hispanic98935.8
3) African American/Black1656.0
4) European American/White89332.3
5) Other52218.9
Missing2501
Total2761100.0
600) Current employee's race/ethnicity-Other: Specify 'other' from V418 (V418A)
601) Current occupation satisfaction: How satisfied are you with this job, as a whole? (V419)
 TOTAL%
1) Very dissatisfied1425.0
2) Dissatisfied1585.6
3) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied56319.9
4) Satisfied121342.9
5) Very satisfied75226.6
Missing2434
Total2828100.0
602) Present income satisfaction: How satisfied are you with your present income? (V420)
 TOTAL%
1) Very dissatisfied2699.2
2) Dissatisfied57319.5
3) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied77326.3
4) Satisfied106336.2
5) Very satisfied2618.9
Missing2323
Total2939100.0
603) Total monthly earnings: Approximately, how much do you earn per month from all sources? (V421)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total26031,851.011,363.53
604) Total family income/last year: And what was the total income of your family from all sources last year? (Include the sum of all earned and unearned incomes from yourself, your spouse or partner, and other family who live in your household) (V422)
 TOTAL%
1) Less than $5,000872.9
2) $5,000 - $9,9991224.1
3) $10,000 - $14,9991725.8
4) $15,000 - $19,9991685.7
5) $20,000 - $24,9992297.7
6) $25,000 - $29,9992398.1
7) $30,000 - $34,9992498.4
8) $35,000 - $49,99949616.7
9) $50,000 - $74,99958819.8
10) $75,000 - $99,99933111.2
11) $100,000 - $199,9992388.0
12) $200,000 or more471.6
Missing2296
Total2966100.0
605) Total family income/recode: Recode of V422 to midpoints of categories, top coded at $350,000 (V422A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total296655,624.5852,933.58
606) Respondent health insurance: Do you have health insurance at present? (V423)
 TOTAL%
0) No85826.1
1) Yes243373.9
Missing1971
Total3291100.0
607) Gov't cash assistance past 12 months: At any time in the past 12 months, have you received cash assistance from government programs such as TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) or SSI? (V424)
 TOTAL%
0) No316396.7
1) Yes1093.3
Missing1990
Total3272100.0
608) Respondent rent/own: Do you own or rent the house or apartment where you live at present? (V425)
 TOTAL%
1) Own76323.3
2) Rent147745.2
3) Parents own it46114.1
4) Other56717.4
Missing1994
Total3268100.0
609) Respondent rent/own-Other: Specify 'other' from V425 (V425A)
610) Age 30 expected occupation: What type of occupation do you realistically expect to have when you reach age 30? (V426)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total3193275.45290.40
611) Age 30 expected occ. Treiman prestige score: Treiman prestige score for V426 (V426A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total286954.7710.33
612) Other language knowledge: Do you know a language other than English? (V427)
 TOTAL%
0) No39712.0
1) Yes291788.0
Missing1948
Total3314100.0
613) Other language: What language is that? (V427A)
614) Respondent speak language well: How well do you speak this non-English language? (V428A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little2157.4
2) Not well2267.8
3) Well102535.2
4) Very well144449.6
Missing2352
Total2910100.0
615) Respondent understand language well: How well do you understand this non-English language? (V428B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little762.6
2) Not well792.7
3) Well80227.5
4) Very well195567.1
Missing2350
Total2912100.0
616) Respondent read language well: How well do you read this non-English language? (V428C)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little40714.0
2) Not well46816.2
3) Well90331.2
4) Very well111938.6
Missing2365
Total2897100.0
617) Respondent write language well: How well do you write this non-English language? (V428D)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little53822.0
2) Not well52221.4
3) Well73029.9
4) Very well65126.7
Missing2821
Total2441100.0
618) Respondent speak English well: How well do you speak in English? (V429A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little200.6
2) Not well100.3
3) Well33210.4
4) Very well282188.6
Missing2079
Total3183100.0
619) Respondent understand English well: How well do you understand in English? (V429B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little150.5
2) Not well60.2
3) Well2447.7
4) Very well291691.7
Missing2081
Total3181100.0
620) Respondent read English well: How well do you read in English? (V429C)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little190.6
2) Not well120.4
3) Well31710.0
4) Very well282989.0
Missing2085
Total3177100.0
621) Respondent write English well: How well do you write in English? (V429D)
 TOTAL%
1) Very little160.6
2) Not well441.6
3) Well42815.8
4) Very well222882.0
Missing2546
Total2716100.0
622) Language respondent speak w/parents: In what language(s) do you speak with your parents? (V430A)
 TOTAL%
1) English only60519.1
2) English mostly37611.9
3) English and non-English about the same85326.9
4) Mostly in non-English language59918.9
5) In non-English language only73623.2
Missing2093
Total3169100.0
623) Language respondent speak w/partner: In what language(s) do you speak with your spouse or partner? (V430B)
 TOTAL%
1) English only96547.3
2) English mostly47323.2
3) English and non-English about the same47223.1
4) Mostly in non-English language713.5
5) In non-English language only582.8
Missing3223
Total2039100.0
624) Language respondent speak w/children: In what language(s) do you speak with your children? (V430C)
 TOTAL%
1) English only27732.8
2) English mostly11713.9
3) English and non-English about the same35742.3
4) Mostly in non-English language475.6
5) In non-English language only465.5
Missing4418
Total844100.0
625) Language respondent speak w/close friends: In what language(s) do you speak with your friends? (V430D)
 TOTAL%
1) English only139644.2
2) English mostly89128.2
3) English and non-English about the same79025.0
4) Mostly in non-English language451.4
5) In non-English language only341.1
Missing2106
Total3156100.0
626) Language respondent speak w/coworkers: In what language(s) do you speak with your co-workers? (V430E)
 TOTAL%
1) English only167056.4
2) English mostly63421.4
3) English and non-English about the same55418.7
4) Mostly in non-English language692.3
5) In non-English language only361.2
Missing2299
Total2963100.0
627) Language respondent speaks most time: In what language do you prefer to speak most of the time? (V431)
 TOTAL%
1) English204765.0
2) Non-English language722.3
3) Both about the same102932.7
Missing2114
Total3148100.0
628) Language respondent hope raise children: In what language do you hope to raise your children (or the children they may have)? (V432)
 TOTAL%
1) English66120.9
2) Non-English language1153.6
3) Both about the same239175.5
Missing2095
Total3167100.0
629) Race/ethnic identification: How do you identify, that is, what do you call yourself? (V433)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total326120.9619.10
630) Respondent race/ethnic identity importance: And how important is this identity to you, that is, what you call yourself? (V434)
 TOTAL%
1) Not important37111.3
2) Somewhat important97529.7
3) Very important193659.0
Missing1980
Total3282100.0
631) Respondent felt discrimination: Have you ever felt discriminated against because of your race or ethnicity? (V435)
 TOTAL%
0) No155747.6
1) Yes171352.4
Missing1992
Total3270100.0
632) Respondent race category: Which of the following race categories listed do you consider yourself to be? (V436)
 TOTAL%
1) White82925.5
2) Black2327.1
3) Asian75123.1
4) Multiracial37811.6
5) Other105532.5
Missing2017
Total3245100.0
633) Respondent race category/Other: Specify 'other' from v436 (V436A)
634) Respondent spouse ethnicity: What is the ethnicity of your spouse or partner? (V437)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total174820.9223.58
635) Respondent spouse race: What is the race of your spouse or partner? (V438)
 TOTAL%
1) White60135.1
2) Black1347.8
3) Asian30217.6
4) Multiracial1478.6
5) Other52830.8
Missing3550
Total1712100.0
636) Respondent spouse race/Other: Specify 'other' from V438 (V438A)
637) Respondent current religion: What is your current religion? (V439)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant2046.2
2) Catholic178254.6
3) Jewish331.0
4) Muslim220.7
5) Buddhist2287.0
6) Other religion42913.1
7) No religion56717.4
Missing1997
Total3265100.0
638) Specify Protestant denomination (V439A)
639) Specify 'other' religion from V439 or V439A (V439B)
640) Respondent religious service attendance: How often do you attend religious services? (V440)
 TOTAL%
1) Never53516.7
2) Less than once a year36411.4
3) About once or twice a year61619.3
4) Several times a year62519.5
5) About once or twice a month34310.7
6) Nearly every week2317.2
7) Every week34210.7
8) Several times a week1434.5
Missing2063
Total3199100.0
641) Respondent citizenship status: What is your citizenship status? (V441)
 TOTAL%
1) U.S. citizen by birth180954.9
2) U.S. citizen by naturalization91927.9
3) Not a U.S. citizen53316.2
4) Dual citizen or nationality331.0
Missing1968
Total3294100.0
642) Respondent registered to vote: Are you currently registered to vote? (V442)
 TOTAL%
0) No105933.5
1) Yes210266.5
Missing2101
Total3161100.0
643) Political party preference/affiliation: What is your political preference or affiliation? (V443)
 TOTAL%
1) Democratic109833.9
2) Republican64419.9
3) Other1023.2
4) No party preference or affiliation139443.1
Missing2024
Total3238100.0
644) What is your political preference or affiliation? Specify 'other' (V443A)
645) Visits to parents' country: How many times have you been back to visit your or your parent's home country? (V444)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total32613.4915.11
646) Respondent lived parents' country over six months: Have you gone back and lived there for longer than six months? [Parent's home country] (V445)
 TOTAL%
0) No251494.2
1) Yes1555.8
Missing2593
Total2669100.0
647) Frequency respondent send money: How often do you send money to anyone there? [Parent's home country] (V446)
 TOTAL%
1) Never247875.6
2) Less than once a year2096.4
3) About once or twice a year2888.8
4) Several times a year2166.6
5) About once or twice a month852.6
6) About once a week30.1
Missing1983
Total3279100.0
648) Which feels more like 'home' to you: the United States or your parents' country of origin? (V447)
 TOTAL%
1) The United States293588.9
2) My or my parent's country of origin511.5
3) I don't feel 'home' in either country421.3
4) I feel equally at 'home' in both2758.3
Missing1959
Total3303100.0
649) Respondent/moved to new home: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family: I moved to new home. (V448A)
 TOTAL%
0) No129839.9
1) Yes195960.1
Missing2005
Total3257100.0
650) Respondent/divorced or separated: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I was divorced or separated. (V448B)
 TOTAL%
0) No301093.2
1) Yes2216.8
Missing2031
Total3231100.0
651) Respondent/got married: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I got married. (V448C)
 TOTAL%
0) No255679.2
1) Yes67320.8
Missing2033
Total3229100.0
652) Respondent/lost his/her job: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I lost my job. (V448D)
 TOTAL%
0) No253678.8
1) Yes68221.2
Missing2044
Total3218100.0
653) Respondent/seriously ill or disabled: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I became seriously ill or disabled. (V448E)
 TOTAL%
0) No300993.7
1) Yes2016.3
Missing2052
Total3210100.0
654) Respondent/parents died: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? One of my parents died. (V448F)
 TOTAL%
0) No303194.6
1) Yes1725.4
Missing2059
Total3203100.0
655) Respondent/family member crime victim: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? A member of my family was the victim of a crime. (V448G)
 TOTAL%
0) No262181.5
1) Yes59318.5
Missing2048
Total3214100.0
656) Respondent/crime victim: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I was the victim of a crime. (V448H)
 TOTAL%
0) No275685.9
1) Yes45114.1
Missing2055
Total3207100.0
657) Respondent/family member arrested: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? A member of my family was arrested. (V448I)
 TOTAL%
0) No263982.4
1) Yes56417.6
Missing2059
Total3203100.0
658) Respondent/arrested: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I was arrested. (V448J)
 TOTAL%
0) No291991.2
1) Yes2838.8
Missing2060
Total3202100.0
659) Respondent/family member detention/jail/prison: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? A family member spent time in a reform school, detention center, jail or prison. (V448K)
 TOTAL%
0) No272485.1
1) Yes47814.9
Missing2060
Total3202100.0
660) Respondent/detention/jail/prison: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I spent time in a reform school, detention center, jail or prison. (V448L)
 TOTAL%
0) No304495.2
1) Yes1544.8
Missing2064
Total3198100.0
661) Respondent/graduated from college: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I graduated from college. (V448M)
 TOTAL%
0) No207064.0
1) Yes116636.0
Missing2026
Total3236100.0
662) Respondent/care for ill/disabled family member: During the last five years, have any of the following life change events happened to you or your family? I had to take responsibility for caring for a seriously ill or disabled family member. (V448N)
 TOTAL%
0) No284388.7
1) Yes36111.3
Missing2058
Total3204100.0
663) Respondent health: In general, how is your health? (V449)
 TOTAL%
1) Excellent147444.6
2) Very good120036.3
3) Good50715.4
4) Fair1143.5
5) Poor70.2
Missing1960
Total3302100.0
664) Nationality (V450)
 TOTAL%
1) Cuban (private school)1823.5
2) Cuban (public school)104419.9
3) Nicaraguan3446.5
4) Colombian2234.2
5) Haitian1783.4
6) West Indian-Jamaican2725.2
7) Mexican75514.4
8) Filipino81915.6
9) Vietnamese3707.0
10) Lao-Cambodian2504.8
11) Chinese-Korean951.8
12) Latin other4708.9
13) Asian other1302.5
14) Other1262.4
Missing4
Total5258100.0
665) Respondent current religion: What is your current religion? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant2046.2
2) Catholic178254.6
3) Jewish331.0
4) Buddhist2287.0
5) Other religion45113.8
6) No religion56717.4
Missing1997
Total3265100.0
666) You are a: (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
 TOTAL%
1) Male257548.9
2) Female268751.1
Total5262100.0
667) How old are you? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
 TOTAL%
1) 12240.5
2) 13100519.1
3) 14232944.3
4) 15154129.3
5) 163426.5
6) 17200.4
Missing1
Total5261100.0
668) Respondent race category: Which of the following race categories listed do you consider yourself to be? (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
 TOTAL%
1) White82925.5
2) Black2327.1
3) Asian75123.1
4) Multiracial37811.6
5) Other105532.5
Missing2017
Total3245100.0

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