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General Social Survey Panel Data (2016-2020) - Codebook

All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).

1) SAMPTYPE (SAMPTYPE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52152,016.901.00
2) GSS year for this respondent (YEAR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total521520,170,321.969,851.85
3) File version (FILEVERSION)
4) PANSTAT (PANSTAT)
 TOTAL%
0) Not selected72113.8
1) Selected, eligible, and reinterviewed182335.0
2) Selected, but not reinterviewed252848.5
3) Selected, but not eligible and not reinterviewed370.7
33) Selected, but not eligible and not reinterviewed because R was deceased1062.0
Total5215100.0
5) Weight variable (2016) (WTSSALL_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28671.000.50
6) Weight variable (2018) (WTSSALL_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23481.000.61
7) Weight variable (2020) (WTSSALL_2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18231.000.57
8) Weight variable (2016) (WTSSNR_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28671.000.53
9) Weight variable (2018) (WTSSNR_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23481.000.64
10) Weight variable (2020) (WTSSNR_2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18231.000.63
11) Variance stratum (2016) (VSTRAT_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28673,240.3517.40
12) Variance stratum (2018) (VSTRAT_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23483,347.1822.54
13) Variance stratum (2020) (VSTRAT_2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18233,299.8257.08
14) Variance primary sampling unit (2016) (VPSU_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28671.490.50
15) Variance primary sampling unit (2018) (VPSU_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23481.510.50
16) Variance primary sampling unit (2020) (VPSU_2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18231.510.50
17) GSS year for this respondent (2016) (YEAR_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28672,016.000.00
18) GSS year for this respondent (2018) (YEAR_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23482,018.000.00
19) GSS year for this respondent (2020) (YEAR_2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18232,020.000.00
20) Respondent's ID number (2016) (ID_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28671,434.00827.78
21) Respondent's ID number (2018) (ID_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23481,174.50677.95
22) Respondent's ID number (2020) (ID_2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1823912.00526.40
23) Marital status of first person (2016) (MAR1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married132047.2
2) Widowed2739.8
3) Divorced47316.9
4) Separated1214.3
5) Never married60921.8
Missing2419
Total2796100.0
24) Marital status of second person (2016) (MAR2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married128267.5
2) Widowed261.4
3) Divorced1115.8
4) Separated371.9
5) Never married44223.3
Missing3317
Total1898100.0
25) Marital status of third person (2016) (MAR3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married437.0
2) Widowed142.3
3) Divorced304.9
4) Separated243.9
5) Never married50582.0
Missing4599
Total616100.0
26) Marital status of fourth person (2016) (MAR4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married218.1
2) Widowed31.2
3) Divorced62.3
4) Separated114.2
5) Never married21884.2
Missing4956
Total259100.0
27) Marital status of fifth person (2016) (MAR5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married33.3
2) Widowed22.2
3) Divorced33.3
4) Separated22.2
5) Never married8189.0
Missing5124
Total91100.0
28) Marital status of sixth person (2016) (MAR6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married25.9
5) Never married3294.1
Missing5181
Total34100.0
29) Marital status of seventh person (2016) (MAR7_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Never married11100.0
Missing5204
Total11100.0
30) Marital status of eighth person (2016) (MAR8_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Divorced133.3
5) Never married266.7
Missing5212
Total3100.0
31) Marital status of ninth person (2016) (MAR9_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Never married1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
32) Marital status of 11th person (visitor) (2016) (MAR11_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married416.7
2) Widowed312.5
3) Divorced520.8
4) Separated312.5
5) Never married937.5
Missing5191
Total24100.0
33) Marital status of 12th person (visitor) (2016) (MAR12_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married125.0
4) Separated125.0
5) Never married250.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
34) Marital status of 13th person (visitor) (2016) (MAR13_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Never married1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
35) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... The woman wants it for any reason? (2016) (ABANY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes83746.2
2) No97353.8
Missing3405
Total1810100.0
36) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion... If there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? (2016) (ABDEFECT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes135375.2
2) No44724.8
Missing3415
Total1800100.0
37) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion... If the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy? (2016) (ABHLTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes161088.9
2) No20211.1
Missing3403
Total1812100.0
38) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion... If she is married and does not want any more children? (2016) (ABNOMORE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes85947.1
2) No96452.9
Missing3392
Total1823100.0
39) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion... If the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children? (2016) (ABPOOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes81644.6
2) No101255.4
Missing3387
Total1828100.0
40) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion... If she became pregnant as a result of rape? (2016) (ABRAPE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes141178.0
2) No39922.0
Missing3405
Total1810100.0
41) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion... If she is not married and does not want to marry the man? (2016) (ABSINGLE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes78242.7
2) No105157.3
Missing3382
Total1833100.0
42) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Neighbor, co-worker, or long-term acquaintance (2016) (ACQNTSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes11335.6
2) No20464.4
Missing4898
Total317100.0
43) Thinking about the last 12 months, have you done any of the following in order to find a job? Advertised for a job in newspapers or journals? (ADFORJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No26886.2
2) Yes, once or twice227.1
3) Yes, more than twice216.8
Missing4904
Total311100.0
44) Number of members over 17 years old (2016) (ADULTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One adult in household99434.7
2) 2143650.1
3) 331711.1
4) 4883.1
5) 5230.8
6) 660.2
8) Eight or more20.1
Missing2349
Total2866100.0
45) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Even if it brings no immediate benefits, scientific research that advances the frontiers of knowledge is necessary and should be supported by the federal government. (2016) (ADVFRONT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40029.5
2) Agree75955.9
3) Disagree18413.5
4) Strongly disagree151.1
Missing3857
Total1358100.0
46) How far in advance do you usually know what days and hours you will need to work? (2016) (ADVSCHED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One day or less in advance9917.1
2) Two to three days in advance5910.2
3) Four to seven days in advance6811.7
4) Between one and two weeks in advance6411.1
5) Between three and four weeks in advance264.5
6) More than four weeks in advance457.8
7) My schedule never changes21837.7
Missing4636
Total579100.0
47) Some people say that because of past discrimination, Blacks should be given preference in hiring and promotion. Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of Blacks is wrong because it discriminates against Whites. What about your opinion? Are you for or against preferential hiring and promotion of Blacks? Do you favor preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? Do you oppose preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? (2016) (AFFRMACT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favors26815.1
2) Not strongly favors1518.5
3) Not strongly opposes54530.7
4) Strongly opposes81345.8
Missing3438
Total1777100.0
48) Age of respondent (2016) (AGE_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total285749.1617.69
49) As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (2016) (AGED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A good idea111857.7
2) A bad idea53427.6
3) Depends28414.7
Missing3279
Total1936100.0
50) As you know, many grown children move back home to live with their parents. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (2016) (AGEDCHLD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A good idea19243.0
2) A bad idea15334.2
3) Depends10222.8
Missing4768
Total447100.0
51) As you know, many older people move into the homes of their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (2016) (AGEDPAR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A good idea27059.5
2) A bad idea11324.9
3) Depends7115.6
Missing4761
Total454100.0
52) How old were you when your first child was born? (2016) (AGEKDBRN_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total205624.285.92
53) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Give financial help to university students from low-income families. (2016) (AIDCOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be62445.8
2) Probably should be58342.8
3) Probably should not be1148.4
4) Definitely should not be423.1
Missing3852
Total1363100.0
54) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Provide decent housing for those who can't afford it. (2016) (AIDHOUSE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be37527.9
2) Probably should be65448.6
3) Probably should not be25118.6
4) Definitely should not be664.9
Missing3869
Total1346100.0
55) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Provide industry with the help it needs to grow. (2016) (AIDINDUS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be37127.6
2) Probably should be61145.4
3) Probably should not be28321.0
4) Definitely should not be816.0
Missing3869
Total1346100.0
56) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Provide a decent standard of living for the old. (2016) (AIDOLD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be67249.2
2) Probably should be53539.1
3) Probably should not be1289.4
4) Definitely should not be322.3
Missing3848
Total1367100.0
57) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Provide a decent standard of living for the unemployed. (2016) (AIDUNEMP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be21716.2
2) Probably should be54140.4
3) Probably should not be44233.0
4) Definitely should not be13910.4
Missing3876
Total1339100.0
58) [Please answer if you are not currently working for pay.] Thinking about the last 12 months, have you done any of the following in order to find a job? Applied directly to employers? (2016) (APPEMPS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No20866.9
2) Yes, once or twice5016.1
3) Yes, more than twice5317.0
Missing4904
Total311100.0
59) You said that in the last 12 months you attended an exhibit. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Did you attend this exhibit alone, with one other person, or with two or more other people? (2016) (ARTATT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Alone299.3
2) With one other person15047.9
3) With two or more other people13442.8
Missing4902
Total313100.0
60) You said that in the last 12 months you attended an exhibit. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Did any of the following go with you? Spouse or partner (2016) (ARTATT1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes15253.5
2) No13246.5
Missing4931
Total284100.0
61) You said that in the last 12 months you attended an exhibit. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Did any of the following go with you? Child (2016) (ARTATT2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes8630.3
2) No19869.7
Missing4931
Total284100.0
62) You said that in the last 12 months you attended an exhibit. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Did any of the following go with you? Friend (2016) (ARTATT3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes12544.0
2) No15956.0
Missing4931
Total284100.0
63) You said that in the last 12 months you attended an exhibit. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Did any of the following go with you? Relative (2016) (ARTATT4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes7426.1
2) No21073.9
Missing4931
Total284100.0
64) You said that in the last 12 months you attended an exhibit. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Did any of the following go with you? Someone else (2016) (ARTATT5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes4214.8
2) No24285.2
Missing4931
Total284100.0
65) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Cost too much. (2016) (ARTCOST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason4428.0
2) Not a reason11372.0
Missing5058
Total157100.0
66) During the last 12 months, did you go to an art exhibit, such as paintings, sculpture, textiles, graphic design, or photography? (2016) (ARTEXBT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes48132.7
2) No98867.3
Missing3746
Total1469100.0
67) Was the exhibit you attended free, or was there an admission fee? (2016) (ARTFREE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Free18358.7
2) Admission fee12941.3
Missing4903
Total312100.0
68) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Could not find anyone to go with. (2016) (ARTGST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason2314.6
2) Not a reason13485.4
Missing5058
Total157100.0
69) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Programs or events were not of interest. (2016) (ARTINT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason138.3
2) Not a reason14491.7
Missing5058
Total157100.0
70) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Did not want to go to that location. (2016) (ARTLOC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason138.3
2) Not a reason14491.7
Missing5058
Total157100.0
71) Of these factors, which one was the most important in your decision not to attend [the art exhibit]? (2016) (ARTMOSTOTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Cost too much1924.1
2) Programs or events were not of interest22.5
3) Too difficult to get there1012.7
4) Could not find anyone to go with56.3
5) Could not find the time2632.9
6) Did not want to go to that location11.3
7) Work conflict11.3
8) Ill, too tired67.6
10) No childcare56.3
13) Away, other conflict22.5
14) Taking care of family member11.3
20) Some other reason not shown11.3
Missing5136
Total79100.0
72) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Some other reason not shown. (2016) (ARTOTHR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason4528.8
2) Not a reason11171.2
Missing5059
Total156100.0
73) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Could not find the time. (2016) (ARTTIME_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason9560.5
2) Not a reason6239.5
Missing5058
Total157100.0
74) Thinking about the most recent exhibit you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Too difficult to get there. (2016) (ARTTRVL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason4729.9
2) Not a reason11070.1
Missing5058
Total157100.0
75) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was low cost in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason3511.2
2) Minor reason6721.4
3) Not a reason21167.4
Missing4902
Total313100.0
76) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to experience high quality art in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason14747.0
2) Minor reason8226.2
3) Not a reason8426.8
Missing4902
Total313100.0
77) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to socialize with family or friends in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason16352.1
2) Minor reason7223.0
3) Not a reason7824.9
Missing4902
Total313100.0
78) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to learn about or celebrate your or your family's cultural heritage in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason299.3
2) Minor reason4915.7
3) Not a reason23575.1
Missing4902
Total313100.0
79) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to support a community organization or event in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason9630.7
2) Minor reason8527.2
3) Not a reason13242.2
Missing4902
Total313100.0
80) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to gain knowledge or learn something new in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason17455.6
2) Minor reason9530.4
3) Not a reason4414.1
Missing4902
Total313100.0
81) People attend exhibits for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to see an exhibit at this location in your decision to attend this exhibit? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (ARTWHY7_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason11938.0
2) Minor reason10533.5
3) Not a reason8928.4
Missing4902
Total313100.0
82) People attend exhibits for different reasons. Was there some other major reason for your decision to attend that is not shown on the card? (2016) (ARTWHY8_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes6119.6
2) No25180.4
Missing4903
Total312100.0
83) People attend exhibits for different reasons. Was there some other major reason for your decision to attend that is not shown on the card? Please specify: (2016) (ARTWHY9_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) School related58.2
3) Wanted to see specific show/exhibit11.6
6) Entertainment, enjoyment, have fun11.6
10) Support family/friend1727.9
11) Celebrate birthday, anniversary23.3
12) Night out, date23.3
13) Meet, support artist23.3
14) Work related23.3
20) Miscellaneous other reasons2947.5
Missing5154
Total61100.0
84) [Please answer if you are not currently working for pay.] Thinking about the last 12 months, have you done any of the following in order to find a job? Asked relatives, friends, or colleagues to help you find a job? (2016) (ASKHELP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No22773.0
2) Yes, once or twice4514.5
3) Yes, more than twice3912.5
Missing4904
Total311100.0
85) Now, for a new subject. Do you ever read a horoscope or your personal astrology report? (2016) (ASTROLGY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes61644.4
2) No77055.6
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
86) Would you say that astrology is very scientific, sort of scientific or not at all scientific? (2016) (ASTROSCI_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very scientific1098.1
2) Sort of scientific40430.0
3) Not at all scientific83561.9
Missing3867
Total1348100.0
87) How often do you attend religious services? (2016) (ATTEND_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Never72325.4
1) Less than once a year1736.1
2) About once or twice a year38513.5
3) Several times a year31210.9
4) About once a month1906.7
5) Two to three times a year2508.8
6) Nearly every week1264.4
7) Every week48116.9
8) Several times a week2107.4
Missing2365
Total2850100.0
88) Is the first person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes17100.0
Missing5198
Total17100.0
89) Is the 11th person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY11_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
90) Is the 13th person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY13_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
91) Is the second person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes42100.0
Missing5173
Total42100.0
92) Is the third person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes35100.0
Missing5180
Total35100.0
93) Is the fourth person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes16100.0
Missing5199
Total16100.0
94) Is the fifth person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes7100.0
Missing5208
Total7100.0
95) Is the sixth person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
96) Is the seventh person staying somewhere else right now? (2016) (AWAY7_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
97) Number of members under six years of age (2016) (BABIES_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Zero Household members under six255089.7
1) 11926.8
2) 2863.0
3) 3130.5
4) 420.1
Missing2372
Total2843100.0
98) Ballot used for interview (2016) (BALLOT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Ballot A91131.8
2) Ballot B97734.1
3) Ballot C97934.1
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
99) People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that the balance has been strongly in favor of the harmful results or only slightly? (2016) (BALNEG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor2825.2
2) Slightly in favor8374.8
Missing5104
Total111100.0
100) People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that the balance has been strongly in favor of the benefits or only slightly? (2016) (BALPOS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor62162.7
2) Slightly in favor36937.3
Missing4225
Total990100.0
101) Which language do you speak more fluently? (2016) (BETRLANG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Language 174992.4
2) Language 2627.6
Missing4404
Total811100.0
102) Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man. (2016) (BIBLE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Word of God91132.2
2) Inspired word125244.2
3) Ancient book62522.1
4) Other421.5
Missing2385
Total2830100.0
103) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The universe began with a huge explosion. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (BIGBANG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True17952.6
2) False16147.4
Missing4875
Total340100.0
104) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. According to astronomers, the universe began with a huge explosion. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (BIGBANG1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True32080.0
2) False8020.0
Missing4815
Total400100.0
105) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The universe has been expanding ever since it began. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (BIGBANG2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True28778.6
2) False7821.4
Missing4850
Total365100.0
106) How often would you say you have time on your hands that you don't know what to do with--quite often, just now and then, or almost never? (2016) (BORED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Quite often5110.2
2) Now and then20340.7
3) Almost never24549.1
Missing4716
Total499100.0
107) Were you born in this country? (2016) (BORN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes250787.6
2) No35512.4
Missing2353
Total2862100.0
108) In general how would you describe relations in your work place... Between management and employees? (2016) (BOSSEMPS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very good31033.5
2) Quite good34437.2
3) Neither good nor bad20522.2
4) Quite bad556.0
5) Very bad101.1
Missing4291
Total924100.0
109) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. It is the father's gene that decides whether the baby is a boy or a girl. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (BOYORGRL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True83369.4
2) False36830.6
Missing4014
Total1201100.0
110) In the last five years, how often have you or a member of your immediate family come across a public official who hinted they wanted, or asked for, a bribe or favour in return for a service? (2016) (BRIBE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Never117485.5
2) Seldom1057.6
3) Occasionally654.7
4) Quite often171.2
5) Very often120.9
Missing3842
Total1373100.0
111) In general, how often do you think that the tax authorities in America do the following? Comply with laws and regulations? Would you say... (2016) (BRLAWFL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost always29021.6
2) Often39229.2
3) Sometimes51338.2
4) Almost never14911.1
Missing3871
Total1344100.0
112) In general, how often do you think that the tax authorities in America do the following? Try to avoid paying their taxes? (Would you say...) (2016) (BRNOTAX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost always37228.0
2) Often33925.5
3) Sometimes46635.0
4) Almost never15311.5
Missing3885
Total1330100.0
113) Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (2016) (CAPPUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Favor162960.4
2) Oppose106639.6
Missing2520
Total2695100.0
114) Now I have some questions about civil liberties and public security. Do you think that the American government should or should not have the right to do the following? Keep people under video surveillance in public areas? Would you say... (2016) (CCTV_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right34525.4
2) Probably should have the right53439.3
3) Probably should not have the right26419.4
4) Definitely should not have the right21515.8
Missing3857
Total1358100.0
115) I will now read out a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved during the past week. Using this card, please tell me how much of the time during the past week... you felt depressed? (2016) (CESD1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) None or almost none of the time64667.1
2) Some of the time26427.4
3) Most of the time323.3
4) All or almost all of the time212.2
Missing4252
Total963100.0
116) I will now read out a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved during the past week. Using this card, please tell me how much of the time during the past week... your sleep was restless? (2016) (CESD2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) None or almost none of the time29630.7
2) Some of the time40542.0
3) Most of the time17117.7
4) All or almost all of the time939.6
Missing4250
Total965100.0
117) I will now read out a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved during the past week. Using this card, please tell me how much of the time during the past week... you were happy? (2016) (CESD3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) None or almost none of the time333.4
2) Some of the time20721.4
3) Most of the time47949.6
4) All or almost all of the time24725.6
Missing4249
Total966100.0
118) I will now read out a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved during the past week. Using this card, please tell me how much of the time during the past week... you felt lonely? (2016) (CESD4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) None or almost none of the time58660.8
2) Some of the time28729.8
3) Most of the time626.4
4) All or almost all of the time293.0
Missing4251
Total964100.0
119) I will now read out a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved during the past week. Using this card, please tell me how much of the time during the past week... you felt sad? (2016) (CESD5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) None or almost none of the time50452.3
2) Some of the time39440.9
3) Most of the time464.8
4) All or almost all of the time202.1
Missing4251
Total964100.0
120) In general, do you think that pesticides and chemicals used in farming are... (2016) (CHEMGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous26329.4
2) Very dangerous28832.2
3) Somewhat dangerous28331.6
4) Not very dangerous495.5
5) Not dangerous at all121.3
Missing4320
Total895100.0
121) How many children have you ever had? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (2016) (CHILDS_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) 079727.9
1) 145916.1
2) 273325.6
3) 346716.3
4) 42137.5
5) 5923.2
6) 6511.8
7) 7250.9
8) Eight or more220.8
Missing2356
Total2859100.0
122) What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have? (2016) (CHLDIDEL_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) 0130.7
1) 1362.0
2) 284446.3
3) 347726.2
4) 419410.7
5) 5351.9
6) 660.3
7) Seven or more110.6
8) As many as you want20511.3
Missing3394
Total1821100.0
123) I would change my work for something different. (2016) (CHNGEWRK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12113.0
2) Agree25327.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree17518.8
4) Disagree27029.0
5) Strongly disagree11312.1
Missing4283
Total932100.0
124) If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class or the upper class? (2016) (CLASS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Lower class28610.1
2) Working class133046.8
3) Middle class114640.3
4) Upper class812.8
Missing2372
Total2843100.0
125) In general, how close do you feel to Blacks? (2016) (CLOSEBLK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all close754.0
2) 2392.1
3) 3613.2
4) 4653.5
5) Neither one or the other68636.5
6) 61367.2
7) 725913.8
8) 81407.5
9) Very close41722.2
Missing3337
Total1878100.0
126) In general, how close do you feel to Whites? (2016) (CLOSEWHT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not at all close251.3
2) 2150.8
3) 3241.3
4) 4472.5
5) Neither one or the other55029.3
6) 61206.4
7) 729315.6
8) 823512.5
9) Very close57130.4
Missing3335
Total1880100.0
127) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Classmates. (2016) (CLSSMTES_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes775.6
2) No129594.4
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
128) Partner's highest degree (2016) (CODEG_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school3613.9
1) High school15459.5
2) Associate/junior college207.7
3) Bachelor's3413.1
4) Graduate155.8
Missing4956
Total259100.0
129) What is your partner's religious preference? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that? (2016) (CODEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association11.1
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A22.2
12) National Baptist Convention of America11.1
14) Southern Baptist Convention1111.8
15) Other Baptist churches11.1
18) Baptist, don't know which1415.1
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church22.2
22) United Methodist Church44.3
28) Methodist, don't know which22.2
30) American Lutheran Church11.1
38) Lutheran, don't know which77.5
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A11.1
48) Presbyterian, don't know which33.2
50) Episcopal Church66.5
60) Other (specify)1415.1
70) No denomination or non-denominational church2324.7
Missing5122
Total93100.0
130) Was that a diploma awarded by (RESPONDENT'S PARTNER'S) high school at graduation at the end of 12th grade, a GED awarded after (RESPONDENT'S PARTNER) took a test, or something else? (2016) (CODIPGED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) High school diploma19688.3
2) GED2310.4
3) Other31.4
Missing4993
Total222100.0
131) Highest year school completed, partner (2016) (COEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Third grade10.4
4) Fourth grade10.4
6) Sixth grade41.6
7) Seventh grade10.4
8) Eighth grade41.6
9) Ninth grade83.1
10) 10th grade93.5
11) 11th grade166.3
12) 12th grade10039.4
13) One year of college249.4
14) Two years228.7
15) Three years83.1
16) Four years3011.8
17) Five years103.9
18) Six years41.6
19) Seven years41.6
20) Eight years83.1
Missing4961
Total254100.0
132) Partner ever work as long as a year (2016) (COEVWORK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes5376.8
2) No1623.2
Missing5146
Total69100.0
133) How fundamentalist is partner's current religion? (2016) (COFUND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist3314.0
2) Moderate10243.4
3) Liberal10042.6
Missing4980
Total235100.0
134) Birth cohort of respondent (2016) (COHORT_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28581,966.8617.70
135) Number of hours partner worked last week (2016) (COHRS1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total17342.9114.18
136) Number of hours partner usually works a week (2016) (COHRS2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total543.207.56
137) Respondent's industry code (2016) (COIND10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2355,872.812,934.89
138) Respondent's partner's occupation, 2010 Census and 2008 ISCO code (2016) (COISCO08_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2395,281.962,577.60
139) What sort of Jew is respondent's partner currently? (2016) (COJEW_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) None of these4100.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
140) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2016) (COLATH_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach123066.8
5) Not allowed61033.2
Missing3375
Total1840100.0
141) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose he is teaching in a college. Should he be fired or not? (2016) (COLCOM_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, fired58933.0
5) Not fired119867.0
Missing3428
Total1787100.0
142) What is the highest degree you have earned? (2016) (COLDEG1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Associate11020.8
2) Bachelor's25448.1
3) Master's12423.5
4) MBA81.5
5) Law91.7
6) PhD152.8
7) MD30.6
8) Other50.9
Missing4687
Total528100.0
143) Consider a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2016) (COLHOMO_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach163688.1
5) Not allowed22111.9
Missing3358
Total1857100.0
144) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2016) (COLMIL_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach110460.4
5) Not allowed72539.6
Missing3386
Total1829100.0
145) Consider a Muslim clergyman who preaches hatred of the United States. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2016) (COLMSLM_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach62733.9
5) Not allowed122566.1
Missing3363
Total1852100.0
146) Consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2016) (COLRAC_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach84045.7
5) Not allowed100054.3
Missing3375
Total1840100.0
147) Have you ever taken any college-level science courses? (2016) (COLSCI_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes57241.4
2) No81158.6
Missing3832
Total1383100.0
148) How many college-level science courses have you taken? (2016) (COLSCINM_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5385.918.15
149) Was respondent's understanding of the questions good, fair or poor? (2016) (COMPREND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Good239083.7
2) Fair41714.6
3) Poor501.8
Missing2358
Total2857100.0
150) Do you personally ever use a computer at home, at work or at some other location? (2016) (COMPUSE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes151180.2
2) No37419.8
Missing3330
Total1885100.0
151) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Military. (2016) (CONARMY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal102753.0
2) Only some76339.4
3) Hardly any1477.6
Missing3278
Total1937100.0
152) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Major companies. (2016) (CONBUS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal34017.7
2) Only some124664.7
3) Hardly any34017.7
Missing3289
Total1926100.0
153) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized religion. (2016) (CONCLERG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal37919.8
2) Only some103253.9
3) Hardly any50326.3
Missing3301
Total1914100.0
154) The last time you had sex, was a condom used? By 'sex' we mean vaginal, oral, or anal sex (2016) (CONDOM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Used last time37522.2
2) Not used131677.8
Missing3524
Total1691100.0
155) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The continents on which we live have been moving their locations for millions of years and will continue to move in the future. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (CONDRIFT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True112390.0
2) False12510.0
Missing3967
Total1248100.0
156) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Education. (2016) (CONEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal49325.3
2) Only some109856.4
3) Hardly any35718.3
Missing3267
Total1948100.0
157) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Executive branch of the federal government. (2016) (CONFED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal23812.4
2) Only some85144.4
3) Hardly any82743.2
Missing3299
Total1916100.0
158) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Banks and financial institutions. (2016) (CONFINAN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal27414.1
2) Only some105854.4
3) Hardly any61431.6
Missing3269
Total1946100.0
159) Inflation-adjusted family income. (2016) (CONINC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total259648,033.8241,229.33
160) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? U.S. Supreme Court. (2016) (CONJUDGE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal48825.5
2) Only some103854.2
3) Hardly any38920.3
Missing3300
Total1915100.0
161) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized labor. (2016) (CONLABOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal24913.3
2) Only some118563.2
3) Hardly any44023.5
Missing3341
Total1874100.0
162) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Congress (2016) (CONLEGIS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal1125.8
2) Only some77740.4
3) Hardly any103653.8
Missing3290
Total1925100.0
163) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Medicine (2016) (CONMEDIC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal69435.7
2) Only some96949.9
3) Hardly any27914.4
Missing3273
Total1942100.0
164) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Press (2016) (CONPRESS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal1598.2
2) Only some81542.1
3) Hardly any96349.7
Missing3278
Total1937100.0
165) Inflation-adjusted personal income. (2016) (CONRINC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total163234,822.5236,259.53
166) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Scientific community. (2016) (CONSCI_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal79142.0
2) Only some97651.8
3) Hardly any1176.2
Missing3331
Total1884100.0
167) Participation/recording consent (2016) (CONSENT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) R consents to recording interview260090.7
2) R consents to participate in the survey, but does not want to be recorded2679.3
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
168) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Television. (2016) (CONTV_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal19710.2
2) Only some91447.2
3) Hardly any82742.7
Missing3277
Total1938100.0
169) Respondent Census Occupation Code (2010) (2016) (COOCC10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2394,934.572,683.26
170) In general, what was the respondent's attitude toward the interview? (2016) (COOP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Friendly and interested241784.8
2) Cooperative but not particularly interested35512.5
3) Impatient and restless752.6
4) Hostile30.1
Missing2365
Total2850100.0
171) Other Protestant denominations (2016) (COOTHER_1A)
 TOTAL%
24) Independent17.7
31) Christian; Central Christian753.8
45) Evangelical, Evangelist17.7
58) Jehovah's Witnesses17.7
64) Mormon17.7
65) Nazarene17.7
68) Pentecostal17.7
Missing5202
Total13100.0
172) Partner's occupational prestige score (2016) (COPRES10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23940.9412.66
173) Partner's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (2016) (COPRES105PLUS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23942.1524.23
174) What is your partner's religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (2016) (COREL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant8534.6
2) Catholic6024.4
3) Jewish41.6
4) None8032.5
5) Other41.6
11) Christian124.9
13) Inter-/non-denominational10.4
Missing4969
Total246100.0
175) In your opinion, about how many politicians in America are involved in corruption? Would you say... (2016) (CORRUPT1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost none241.8
2) A few27020.0
3) Some48235.7
4) Quite a lot41831.0
5) Almost all15611.6
Missing3865
Total1350100.0
176) And in your opinion, about how many government administrators in America are involved in corruption? (2016) (CORRUPT2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost none292.2
2) A few31823.7
3) Some52939.5
4) Quite a lot33625.1
5) Almost all1289.6
Missing3875
Total1340100.0
177) Respondent's partner's socioeconomic index (2010) (2016) (COSEI10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23940.3921.31
178) Percentage of some college education in COOCC10 based on ACS2010. (2016) (COSEI10EDUC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23949.9626.40
179) Percentage of $45K or more earners in COOCC10 base on ACS2010. (2016) (COSEI10INC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23936.2425.00
180) In general, do you think the courts in this area deal too harshly or not harshly enough with criminals? (2016) (COURTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too harshly51320.1
2) Not harshly enough157861.9
3) About right46018.0
Missing2664
Total2551100.0
181) In general how would you describe relations in your work place... Between co-workers/colleagues? (2016) (COWRKERS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very good33336.1
2) Quite good40543.9
3) Neither good nor bad15116.4
4) Quite bad272.9
5) Very bad60.7
Missing4293
Total922100.0
182) Is/was your partner self-employed or does/did they work for somebody else? (2016) (COWRKSLF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed2711.2
2) Someone else21488.8
Missing4974
Total241100.0
183) Last week was your partner working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (2016) (COWRKSTA_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Working full-time14755.7
2) Working part-time2911.0
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, or strike51.9
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work145.3
5) Retired218.0
6) In school83.0
7) Keeping house3513.3
8) Other51.9
Missing4951
Total264100.0
184) How long has it been since you last used 'crack' cocaine in chunk or rock form? (2016) (CRACK30_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Within the past 30 days44.0
2) More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months33.0
3) More than 12 months ago but within the past three years98.9
4) More than three years ago8584.2
Missing5114
Total101100.0
185) Here are some things the government might do for the economy. Circle one number for each action to show whether you are in favor of it or against it. Cuts in government spending. (2016) (CUTGOVT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor of41330.0
2) In favor47134.3
3) Neither in favor nor against29421.4
4) Against14310.4
5) Strongly against543.9
Missing3840
Total1375100.0
186) Here are some things the government might do for the economy. Circle one number for each action to show whether you are in favor of it or against it. Reducing the work week to create more jobs. (2016) (CUTHOURS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor of1047.6
2) In favor32423.7
3) Neither in favor nor against41730.5
4) Against40329.5
5) Strongly against1178.6
Missing3850
Total1365100.0
187) Which of the following statements best describes how your daily work is organized? (2016) (DAILYWRK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I am free to decide how my daily work is organized37540.4
2) I can decide within certain limits42345.6
3) I am not free to decide how my daily work is organized13014.0
Missing4287
Total928100.0
188) Date of interview (2016) (DATEINTV_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2867655.20202.92
189) Which of the following statements best describes how your working hours are decided? (By working hours we mean here the times you start and finish work, and not the total hours you work per week or month.) (2016) (DECIDWRK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Starting and finishing times and decided by my employer and I cannot change them on my own44547.7
2) I have a schedule or shift which regularly changes (for example, from days to evenings or to nights)38341.1
3) I have a daily schedule where daily working times are decided at short notice by my employer10411.2
Missing4283
Total932100.0
190) Do you have any college degrees? (If yes: what degree or degrees?) Code highest degree earned (2016) (DEGREE_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school32811.5
1) High school146151.1
2) Associate/junior college2167.6
3) Bachelor's53618.7
4) Graduate31811.1
Missing2356
Total2859100.0
191) If respondent answered 'Protestant' as their religious preference for variable 'RELIG': What specific denomination is that, if any? (2016) (DENOM_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total141142.0822.90
192) In what religion were you raised? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that, if any? (2016) (DENOM16_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total151736.6021.32
193) Was that a diploma awarded by your high school at graduation at the end of 12th grade, a GED awarded after you took a test, or something else? (2016) (DIPGED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) High school diploma223788.7
2) GED2459.7
3) Other411.6
Missing2692
Total2523100.0
194) What do you think the chances are these days that a White person won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified Black person gets one instead? (2016) (DISCAFF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely26314.5
2) Somewhat likely79543.8
3) Not very likely75941.8
Missing3398
Total1817100.0
195) What do you think the chances are these days that a man won't get a job or a promotion while an equally or less qualified woman gets one instead? (2016) (DISCAFFM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely10611.6
2) Somewhat likely32435.5
3) Not very likely30733.6
4) Very unlikely17619.3
Missing4302
Total913100.0
196) What do you think the chances are these days that a woman won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified man gets one instead? (2016) (DISCAFFW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely21122.6
2) Somewhat likely48051.3
3) Not very likely16317.4
4) Very unlikely818.7
Missing4280
Total935100.0
197) Over the past five years, have you been discriminated against with regard to work, for instance when applying for a job, or when being considered for a pay increase or promotion? (2016) (DISCWK5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes26918.5
2) No109475.1
3) Did not work or did not seek work936.4
Missing3759
Total1456100.0
198) Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now? (2016) (DIVLAW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Easier70239.2
2) More difficult70539.4
3) Stay as it38321.4
Missing3425
Total1790100.0
199) If currently married or widowed, have you ever been divorced or legally separated? (2016) (DIVORCE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes37425.7
2) No108474.3
Missing3757
Total1458100.0
200) Dwelling type (2016) (DWELLING_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Trailer1505.2
2) Detached single family house184064.2
3) Two-family house, two units side-by-side1043.6
4) Two-family house, two units one above the other622.2
5) Detached three to four family house381.3
6) Row house (three or more units in an attached row)1294.5
7) Apartment house (five or more units, three stories or less)40014.0
8) Apartment house (five or more units, four stories or more)1194.2
9) Apartment in a partly commercial structure90.3
10) Other140.5
Missing2350
Total2865100.0
201) Do you/does your family own your (home/apartment), pay rent or what? (2016) (DWELOWN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Own or is buying112759.9
2) Pays rent72438.5
3) Other301.6
Missing3334
Total1881100.0
202) Just thinking about your family now -- those people in the household who are related to you -- how many persons in the family, including yourself, earned any money last year from any job or employment? (2016) (EARNSRS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28481.361.02
203) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Now, does the earth go around the sun or does the sun go around the earth? (Is that true or false?) (2016) (EARTHSUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Earth around sun98775.9
2) Sun around Earth31424.1
Missing3914
Total1301100.0
204) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. What is your main source of economic support? (2016) (ECONSUP1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Current spouse/partner8516.5
2) Other family members356.8
3) Pension (private or government)17834.6
4) Unemployment benefits71.4
5) Social assistance/welfare7314.2
6) Occasional work40.8
7) Student loans/stipends51.0
8) Savings254.9
9) Investments or rental income183.5
10) Other8516.5
Missing4700
Total515100.0
205) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that you finished and got credit for? (2016) (EDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling20.1
1) First grade30.1
2) Second grade30.1
3) Third grade30.1
4) Fourth grade20.1
5) Fifth grade40.1
6) Sixth grade311.1
7) Seventh grade180.6
8) Eighth grade481.7
9) Ninth grade592.1
10) 10th grade903.1
11) 11th grade1184.1
12) 12th grade82428.8
13) One year of college2428.5
14) Two years35912.6
15) Three years1374.8
16) Four years48517.0
17) Five years1083.8
18) Six years1495.2
19) Seven years632.2
20) Eight years1103.8
Missing2357
Total2858100.0
206) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Electrons are smaller than atoms. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (ELECTRON_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True66165.7
2) False34534.3
Missing4209
Total1006100.0
207) About how many minutes or hours per week do you spend sending and answering electronic mail or email? (2016) (EMAILHR_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total16496.8911.37
208) About how many minutes or hours per week do you spend sending and answering electronic mail or email? (2016) (EMAILMIN_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total16493.329.26
209) Now I have some questions about civil liberties and public security. Do you think that the American government should or should not have the right to do the following? Monitor emails and any other information exchanged on the internet? Would you say... (2016) (EMONITOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right1259.2
2) Probably should have the right31523.1
3) Probably should not have the right41030.1
4) Definitely should not have the right51137.5
Missing3854
Total1361100.0
210) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Reduce income differences between the rich and poor. (2016) (EQUALIZE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be36627.4
2) Probably should be38228.6
3) Probably should not be33825.3
4) Definitely should not be25218.8
Missing3877
Total1338100.0
211) Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from one to seven. Think of a score of one as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of seven meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between one and seven comes closest to the way you feel? (2016) (EQWLTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) The government should reduce income differences45123.3
2) 224812.8
3) 329715.3
4) 432816.9
5) 525513.2
6) 61477.6
7) The government should not concern itself with reducing income differences21010.8
Missing3279
Total1936100.0
212) First ethnicity mentioned (2016) (ETH1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total259017.0015.31
213) Second ethnicity mentioned (2016) (ETH2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28617.1910.19
214) Third ethnicity mentioned (2016) (ETH3_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28613.358.30
215) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? (2016) (ETHNIC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total286114.4516.38
216) Type of response about ethnicity (2016) (ETHNUM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Names one country130645.6
2) Names two or more countries, chooses one98134.3
3) Names two of more countries, can't choose30310.6
4) Can't name any2719.5
Missing2354
Total2861100.0
217) Have you ever felt that you were going to have a nervous breakdown? (2016) (EVBRKDWN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes38534.7
2) No72465.3
Missing4106
Total1109100.0
218) Have you ever, even once, used 'crack' cocaine in chunk or rock form? (2016) (EVCRACK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1025.8
2) No165994.2
Missing3454
Total1761100.0
219) Have you ever, even once, taken any drugs by injection with a needle (like heroin, cocaine, amphetamines or steroids)? Do not include anything you took under a doctor's orders (2016) (EVIDU_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes583.3
2) No169496.7
Missing3463
Total1752100.0
220) [Please answer if you are not currently working for pay.] Have you ever had a paid job for one year or more? (2016) (EVJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes46289.2
2) No5610.8
Missing4697
Total518100.0
221) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (EVOLVED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True35357.6
2) False26042.4
Missing4602
Total613100.0
222) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Elephants, as we know them today, descended from earlier species of animals. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (EVOLVED2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True49885.6
2) False8414.4
Missing4633
Total582100.0
223) Thinking about the time since your 18th birthday, have you ever had sex with a person you paid or who paid you for sex? (2016) (EVPAIDSX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1196.8
2) No162893.2
Missing3468
Total1747100.0
224) Have you ever had sex with someone other than your husband or wife while you were married? (2016) (EVSTRAY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes21712.4
2) No100357.5
3) Never married52330.0
Missing3472
Total1743100.0
225) If retired, in school, keeping house, or other, did you ever work for as long as one year? (2016) (EVWORK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes93391.2
2) No908.8
Missing4192
Total1023100.0
226) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. How satisfied were you in your last job? (2016) (EXJOBSAT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely satisfied13429.0
2) Very satisfied14731.8
3) Fairly satisfied10923.6
4) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied214.5
5) Fairly dissatisfied153.2
6) Very dissatisfied235.0
7) Completely dissatisfied132.8
Missing4753
Total462100.0
227) Now, please think about this situation. Two scientists want to know if a certain drug is effective against high blood pressure. The first scientist wants to give the drug to 1,000 people with high blood pressure and see how many of them experience lower blood pressure levels. The second scientist wants to give the drug to 500 people with high blood pressure, and not give the drug to another 500 people with high blood pressure, and see how many in both groups experience lower blood pressure levels. Which is the better way to test this drug? (2016) (EXPDESGN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) All 1000 get the drug23317.5
2) 500 get the drug; 500 don't109882.5
Missing3884
Total1331100.0
228) Why is it better to test the drug this way? (2016) (EXPTEXT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Correct - control group26419.7
2) Correct - vague reason42831.9
3) Correct - wrong reason36427.1
4) Correct - don't know342.5
5) Wrong - reservations about control group362.7
6) Wrong - reservations about sample1047.8
7) Wrong - other reason806.0
8) Wrong - don't know120.9
9) No answer to closed ended question191.4
Missing3874
Total1341100.0
229) Over the entire 12 months, how much did you earn from your additional job(s) in total compared with your main job? (2016) (EXTRAERN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Much less than from main job15252.8
2) Less than from main job8830.6
3) About the same as from main job248.3
4) More than from main job134.5
5) Much more than from main job113.8
Missing4927
Total288100.0
230) Over the past 12 months, in addition to your main job, have you done any other work for pay? (2016) (EXTRAWRK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, during all of that period838.9
2) Yes, during most of that period454.8
3) Yes, during some of that period16617.8
4) No64068.5
Missing4281
Total934100.0
231) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Facebook. (2016) (FACEBOOK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes102274.5
2) No35025.5
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
232) Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance or would they try to be fair? (2016) (FAIR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Would take advantage of you79741.1
2) Would try to be fair102853.0
3) Depends1145.9
Missing3276
Total1939100.0
233) If not living with both own mother and father: What happened? (2016) (FAMDIF16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One or both parents died19519.3
2) Parents divorced or separated58157.6
3) Father absent in armed forces40.4
4) One of both parents in institution131.3
5) Other21521.3
Missing4207
Total1008100.0
234) Number of family generations in household (2016) (FAMGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One generation178462.2
2) Two generations, children103236.0
3) Two generations, parents160.6
4) Two generations, grandchildren90.3
5) Three generations, children, grandchildren70.2
6) Three generations, children, parents180.6
7) Four generations10.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
235) Were you living with both your own mother and father around the time you were 16? (If no: With whom were you living around that time?) (2016) (FAMILY16_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Other1204.2
1) Both own mother and father184564.4
2) Father and stepmother401.4
3) Mother and stepfather1705.9
4) Father only802.8
5) Mother only48917.1
6) Some other male relative (no female head)100.3
7) Some other female relative (no male head)411.4
8) Other arrangement with relatives (e.g., aunt and uncle, grandparents)702.4
Missing2350
Total2865100.0
236) How often do you feel that the demands of your family life interfere with your job? (2016) (FAMINTJB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always171.8
2) Often515.5
3) Sometimes25727.5
4) Hardly ever33435.8
5) Never27529.4
Missing4281
Total934100.0
237) Have you ever given up or would you give up good job opportunities for the benefit of your family life? (2016) (FAMORJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have done so and probably would do so again62042.5
2) Yes, I have done so but probably would not do so again1178.0
3) No, I have not done so but probably would do so56838.9
4) No, I have not done so and probably would not do so15410.6
Missing3756
Total1459100.0
238) Is there any area right around here -- that is, within a mile -- where you would be afraid to walk alone at night? (2016) (FEAR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes60432.2
2) No127167.8
Missing3340
Total1875100.0
239) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (2016) (FECHLD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree61332.6
2) Agree80242.7
3) Disagree39521.0
4) Strongly disagree683.6
Missing3337
Total1878100.0
240) Amount of fees paid. (2016) (FEELEVEL_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) 310.0
5) 540.2
20) 2030414.2
25) 25170.8
30) 30100.5
40) 4080.4
50) 5081738.2
55) 5540.2
70) 7010.0
75) $75 or more97245.5
Missing3077
Total2138100.0
241) Was a respondent incentive or fee used as part of getting this case?. (2016) (FEEUSED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, money214775.3
2) Yes, other (flowers, food, etc.)1023.6
3) No60321.1
Missing2363
Total2852100.0
242) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it. It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home and family. (2016) (FEFAM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1105.9
2) Agree40521.6
3) Disagree85345.6
4) Strongly disagree50426.9
Missing3343
Total1872100.0
243) Now I'm going to read several statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree or strongly disagree. For example, here is the statement: Because of past discrimination, employers should make special efforts to hire and promote qualified women. (2016) (FEHIRE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21022.1
2) Agree48350.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree879.1
4) Disagree14114.8
5) Strongly disagree303.2
Missing4264
Total951100.0
244) Some people say that because of past discrimination, women should be given preference in hiring and promotion. Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of women is wrong because it discriminates against men. What about your opinion -- are you for or against preferential hiring and promotion of women? IF FOR: Do you favor preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? IF AGAINST: Do you oppose preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? (2016) (FEJOBAFF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor21624.1
2) Not strongly favor9911.0
3) Not strongly oppose26529.6
4) Strongly oppose31635.3
Missing4319
Total896100.0
245) Tell me if you agree or disagree with this statement: Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women. (2016) (FEPOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree35319.5
2) Disagree145480.5
Missing3408
Total1807100.0
246) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it. A preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works.. (2016) (FEPRESCH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree723.8
2) Agree44823.9
3) Disagree100053.3
4) Strongly disagree35518.9
Missing3340
Total1875100.0
247) During the last few years, has your financial situation been getting better, worse or has it stayed the same? (2016) (FINALTER_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Better104336.5
2) Worse60921.3
3) Stayed same120342.1
Missing2360
Total2855100.0
248) Compared with American families in general, would you say your family income is far below average, below average, average, above average or far above average? (2016) (FINRELA_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Far below average1836.4
2) Below average76426.9
3) Average123243.4
4) Above average58520.6
5) Far above average752.6
Missing2376
Total2839100.0
249) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: A job that allows someone to decide the times or days of work? (2016) (FLEXHRS1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important24516.7
2) Important51935.5
3) Neither important nor unimportant45230.9
4) Not important22515.4
5) Not important at all231.6
Missing3751
Total1464100.0
250) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Flickr. (2016) (FLICKR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes423.1
2) No133096.9
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
251) A split ballot was used in the 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980 and 1982 surveys and beyond. The variant or 'Y' wordings appear on Form 2, the 'Z' wordings appear on Form 3; and the standard GSS wordings appear on Form 1 (2016) (FORM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Standard (x)143750.1
2) Alternate (y)143049.9
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
252) Weight for form variables (2016) (FORMWT_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28671.000.00
253) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Close personal friend (2016) (FRNDSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes20564.7
2) No11235.3
Missing4898
Total317100.0
254) Now we would like to ask you about U.S. citizenship. Are you...? (2016) (FUCITZN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Currently applying for U.S. citizenship1913.3
2) Planning to apply for U.S. citizenship6545.5
3) Not planning to apply to U.S. citizenship4531.5
4) Not eligible to become a U.S. citizen (if volunteered)149.8
Missing5072
Total143100.0
255) Fundamentalism/Liberalism of respondent's religion (2016) (FUND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist68725.3
2) Moderate113041.5
3) Liberal90333.2
Missing2495
Total2720100.0
256) Fundamentalism/Liberalism of religion respondent raised in (2016) (FUND16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist82730.1
2) Moderate129647.2
3) Liberal62522.7
Missing2467
Total2748100.0
257) Gender of first person (2016) (GENDER1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male151052.7
2) Female135747.3
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
258) Gender of 10th person (2016) (GENDER10_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male250.0
2) Female250.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
259) Gender of 11th person (2016) (GENDER11_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male1657.1
2) Female1242.9
Missing5187
Total28100.0
260) Gender of 12th person (2016) (GENDER12_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male360.0
2) Female240.0
Missing5210
Total5100.0
261) Gender of 13th person (2016) (GENDER13_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male150.0
2) Female150.0
Missing5213
Total2100.0
262) Gender of 14th person (2016) (GENDER14_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
263) Gender of second person (2016) (GENDER2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male79339.3
2) Female122360.7
Missing3199
Total2016100.0
264) Gender of third person (2016) (GENDER3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male51355.2
2) Female41744.8
Missing4285
Total930100.0
265) Gender of fourth person (2016) (GENDER4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male26753.6
2) Female23146.4
Missing4717
Total498100.0
266) Gender of fifth person (2016) (GENDER5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male11450.2
2) Female11349.8
Missing4988
Total227100.0
267) Gender of sixth person (2016) (GENDER6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male4650.0
2) Female4650.0
Missing5123
Total92100.0
268) Gender of seventh person (2016) (GENDER7_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male2259.5
2) Female1540.5
Missing5178
Total37100.0
269) Gender of eighth person (2016) (GENDER8_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male741.2
2) Female1058.8
Missing5198
Total17100.0
270) Gender of ninth person (2016) (GENDER9_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male444.4
2) Female555.6
Missing5206
Total9100.0
271) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Promote equality between men and women? Would you say... (2016) (GENDEREQ_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be69751.7
2) Probably should be44533.0
3) Probably should not be13810.2
4) Definitely should not be675.0
Missing3868
Total1347100.0
272) Do you think that modifying the genes of certain crops is: (2016) (GENEGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment15717.9
2) Very dangerous21224.2
3) Somewhat dangerous33838.6
4) Not very dangerous13415.3
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment354.0
Missing4339
Total876100.0
273) Some people say that people get ahead by their own hard work; others say that lucky breaks or help from other people are more important. Which do you think is most important? (2016) (GETAHEAD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Hard work most important133070.9
2) Hard work, luck equally important31616.8
3) Luck most important23012.3
Missing3339
Total1876100.0
274) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. How likely do you think it is that you would find a job? (2016) (GETJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely9430.4
2) Likely9731.4
3) Unlikely5818.8
4) Very unlikely6019.4
Missing4906
Total309100.0
275) Some people think that governments should have the right to take certain measures in the name of national security. Others disagree. Do you think that the American government should or should not have the right to do the following? Collect information about anyone living in other countries without their knowledge? (Would you say...) (2016) (GIVINFFOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right22416.6
2) Probably should have the right37227.6
3) Probably should not have the right44933.3
4) Definitely should not have the right30422.5
Missing3866
Total1349100.0
276) Some people think that governments should have the right to take certain measures in the name of national security. Others disagree. Do you think that the American government should or should not have the right to do the following? Collect information about anyone living in America without their knowledge? Would you say... (2016) (GIVINFUSA_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right25718.9
2) Probably should have the right41730.6
3) Probably should not have the right33924.9
4) Definitely should not have the right34925.6
Missing3853
Total1362100.0
277) Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (2016) (GOD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Don't believe1264.4
2) Don't know, no way to find out1886.6
3) Higher power35712.6
4) Believe sometimes1003.5
5) Believe with doubts46116.2
6) No doubts160756.6
Missing2376
Total2839100.0
278) The way things are in America, people like me and my family have a good chance of improving our standard of living -- do you agree or disagree? (2016) (GOODLIFE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29215.0
2) Agree83242.7
3) Neither33417.1
4) Disagree39020.0
5) Strongly disagree1025.2
Missing3265
Total1950100.0
279) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Google+ - Google's social network platform. (2016) (GOOGLESN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes47634.7
2) No89765.3
Missing3842
Total1373100.0
280) Here is a scale from zero to 10 where zero is 'All government information should be publicly available, even if this means a risk to public security' and 10 is 'public security should be given priority, even if this means limiting access to government information'. Where would you place yourself on such a scale? (2016) (GOVTINFO_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) All government information should be publicly available, even if this meant a risk to public security392.9
1) 1312.3
2) 2513.8
3) 31027.5
4) 4664.9
5) 531122.9
6) 613910.2
7) 717512.9
8) 818613.7
9) 9584.3
10) Public security should be given priority, even if this means limiting access to government information20014.7
Missing3857
Total1358100.0
281) How many grandparents were born outside the United States? (2016) (GRANBORN_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) None160959.5
1) One1977.3
2) Two28410.5
3) Three491.8
4) Four56420.9
Missing2512
Total2703100.0
282) Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not? (2016) (GRASS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Should be legal112661.1
2) Should not be legal71738.9
Missing3372
Total1843100.0
283) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to impose strict laws to make industry do less damage to the environment? (2016) (GRNLAWS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be68850.8
2) Probably should be53539.5
3) Probably should not be987.2
4) Definitely should not be322.4
Missing3862
Total1353100.0
284) Would you favor or oppose a law which would require a person to obtain a police permit before he or she could buy a gun? (2016) (GUNLAW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Favor133071.6
2) Oppose52828.4
Missing3357
Total1858100.0
285) Here is a list of people and organizations that can influence government actions. Please read through this list and tell me the number corresponding to the one you think has the most influence on the actions of the American government. (2016) (GVINFLU1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) The media25221.3
2) Trade unions373.1
3) Businesses, banks and industry48540.9
4) Religious organizations/authorities131.1
5) The military/army262.2
6) Organized crime161.4
7) People who vote for the party/parties in government19716.6
8) Citizens in general1028.6
9) Civic and voluntary organizations20.2
10) International organizations (e.g. United Nations, International Monetary Fund)554.6
Missing4030
Total1185100.0
286) Here is a list of people and organizations that can influence government actions. And which do you think has the second most influence on the actions of the American government? (2016) (GVINFLU2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) The media18615.7
2) Trade unions1119.4
3) Businesses, banks and industry21218.0
4) Religious organizations/authorities353.0
5) The military/army958.0
6) Organized crime201.7
7) People who vote for the party/parties in government22419.0
8) Citizens in general14512.3
9) Civic and voluntary organizations131.1
10) International organizations (e.g. United Nations, International Monetary Fund)14011.9
Missing4034
Total1181100.0
287) Taking things all together, would you say that your relationship with your partner is very happy, pretty happy or not too happy? (2016) (HAPCOHAB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very happy14956.9
2) Pretty happy10238.9
3) Not too happy114.2
Missing4953
Total262100.0
288) Taking all things together, how would you describe your marriage? (2016) (HAPMAR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very happy72660.3
2) Pretty happy43035.7
3) Not too happy484.0
Missing4011
Total1204100.0
289) Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are very happy, pretty happy or not too happy? (2016) (HAPPY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very happy80628.2
2) Pretty happy160156.0
3) Not too happy45215.8
Missing2356
Total2859100.0
290) Over the past five years, have you been harassed by your superiors or co-workers at your job, for example, have you experienced any bullying, physical or psychological abuse? (2016) (HARASS5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes23716.1
2) No113677.3
3) I do not have a job/superior/co-worker966.5
Missing3746
Total1469100.0
291) Would you say your own health, in general, is excellent, good, fair or poor? (2016) (HEALTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Excellent41822.2
2) Good91948.8
3) Fair43022.8
4) Poor1186.3
Missing3330
Total1885100.0
292) Number in family of person who was household informant (i.e., who provided information on household members). (2016) (HEFINFO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First person229279.9
2) Second person44515.5
3) Third person762.7
4) Fourth person120.4
5) Fifth person20.1
6) Sixth person20.1
8) Eighth person10.0
11) 11th person60.2
12) 12th person10.0
22) Non-household person301.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
293) Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (2016) (HELPBLK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government should help24613.1
2) 222011.7
3) Agree with both60832.4
4) 437119.8
5) No special treatment43022.9
Missing3340
Total1875100.0
294) Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves? (2016) (HELPUL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Try to be helpful91747.1
2) Looking out for themselves89245.8
3) Depends1377.0
Missing3269
Total1946100.0
295) Some people think that the government in Washington is trying to do too many things that should be left to individuals and private business. Others disagree and think that the government should do even more to solve our country's problems. Still others have opinions somewhere in between. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (2016) (HELPNOT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government should do more32917.7
2) 221011.3
3) Agree with both75440.6
4) 427314.7
5) Government does too much29215.7
Missing3357
Total1858100.0
296) To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? I am willing to work harder than I have to in order to help the firm or organization I work for succeed. (2016) (HELPORG1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33836.4
2) Agree41344.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree13214.2
4) Disagree363.9
5) Strongly disagree101.1
Missing4286
Total929100.0
297) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To help others when they need help. (2016) (HELPOTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First35718.5
2) Second65633.9
3) Third66834.5
4) Fourth23011.9
5) Fifth231.2
Missing3281
Total1934100.0
298) I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point one on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point five. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (2016) (HELPPOOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government should help34518.3
2) 228114.9
3) Agree with both80242.5
4) 428715.2
5) People should help themselves1729.1
Missing3328
Total1887100.0
299) In general, some people think that it is the responsibility of the government in Washington to see to it that people have help in paying for doctors and hospital bills. Others think that these matters are not the responsibility of the federal government and that people should take care of these things themselves. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (2016) (HELPSICK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government should help58731.0
2) 236419.2
3) Agree with both59931.6
4) 419010.0
5) People should care for themselves1568.2
Missing3319
Total1896100.0
300) Race of household (2016) (HHRACE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White208573.0
2) Black46116.1
3) American Indian220.8
4) Asiatic, oriental612.1
5) Other, mixed, not able to observe2267.9
Missing2360
Total2855100.0
301) Household type (2016) (HHTYPE_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total285416.6238.98
302) Household type (condensed) (2016) (HHTYPE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married couple, no children82628.9
2) Single parent1445.0
3) Other family, no children2498.7
4) Single adult85029.8
5) Cohabitating couple, no children1304.6
6) Non-family, no children170.6
8) Unsure, no children461.6
11) Married couple with children44015.4
13) Other family with children612.1
15) Cohabitating couple with children662.3
16) Non-family with children10.0
18) Unsure with children240.8
Missing2361
Total2854100.0
303) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: High income? (2016) (HIINC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important42629.0
2) Important74750.8
3) Neither important nor unimportant22215.1
4) Not important684.6
5) Not important at all80.5
Missing3744
Total1471100.0
304) IF RESPONDENT IS FEMALE, READ LATINA; IF MALE, READ LATINO. Are you Spanish, Hispanic or Latino/Latina? IF YES: Which group are you from? (2016) (HISPANIC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not Hispanic249687.1
2) Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano/a2167.5
3) Puerto Rican461.6
4) Cuban180.6
5) Salvadorian130.5
6) Guatemalan90.3
7) Panamanian20.1
8) Nicaraguan20.1
10) Central American50.2
11) Honduran70.2
15) Dominican90.3
20) Peruvian10.0
21) Ecuadorian40.1
22) Colombian30.1
23) Venezuelan10.0
24) Argentinian30.1
25) Chilean10.0
30) Spanish180.6
35) Filipino/a10.0
41) South American30.1
42) American10.0
46) Latino/a20.1
47) Hispanic20.1
50) Other, not specified20.1
Missing2350
Total2865100.0
305) Have you ever been tested for HIV? Do not count tests you may have had as part of a blood donation. Include oral tests (where they take a swab from your mouth). (2016) (HIVTEST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes71540.9
2) No103359.1
Missing3467
Total1748100.0
306) Not including blood donations, in what month and year was your last HIV test? (2016) (HIVTEST1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total644200,983.01775.82
307) Where did you have your last HIV test - at a private doctor or HMO office, at a counseling and testing site, at a hospital, at a clinic, in a jail or prison, at home or somewhere else? (2016) (HIVTEST2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Private doctor or HMO office31244.3
2) Counseling and testing site395.5
3) Hospital12617.9
4) Clinic17424.7
5) Jail or prison111.6
6) Home81.1
7) Somewhere else355.0
Missing4510
Total705100.0
308) Here are some things the government might do for the economy. Circle one number for each action to show whether you are in favor of it or against it. Support for industry to develop new products and technology. (2016) (HLPHITEC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor32523.8
2) In favor76455.8
3) Neither in favor not against22116.2
4) Against433.1
5) Strongly against151.1
Missing3847
Total1368100.0
309) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: A job that allows someone to help other people? (2016) (HLPOTHS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important61942.1
2) Important61842.0
3) Neither important nor unimportant19513.3
4) Not important342.3
5) Not important at all40.3
Missing3745
Total1470100.0
310) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: A job that is useful to society? (2016) (HLPSOC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important69747.4
2) Important59640.6
3) Neither important nor unimportant1419.6
4) Not important261.8
5) Not important at all90.6
Missing3746
Total1469100.0
311) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Provide health care for the sick. (2016) (HLTHCARE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be67949.7
2) Probably should be49336.1
3) Probably should not be14610.7
4) Definitely should not be493.6
Missing3848
Total1367100.0
312) What about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex? Do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, sometimes wrong, not at all wrong? (2016) (HOMOSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always wrong70038.8
2) Almost always wrong653.6
3) Wrong only sometimes1015.6
4) Not wrong at all94052.0
Missing3409
Total1806100.0
313) Number of persons in household (2016) (HOMPOP_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28672.351.39
314) Using the scale on the showcard, please select the response that best describes how you think about yourself right now. Please focus on yourself and what is going on in your life at this moment. If I should find myself in a jam, I could think of many ways to get out of it. (2016) (HOPE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely false191.3
2) Mostly false231.6
3) Somewhat false271.9
4) Slightly false281.9
5) Slightly true15410.7
6) Somewhat true29920.8
7) Mostly true54337.7
8) Definitely true34624.0
Missing3776
Total1439100.0
315) Using the scale on the showcard, please select the response that best describes how you think about yourself right now. Please focus on yourself and what is going on in your life at this moment. At the present time, I am energetically pursuing my goals. (2016) (HOPE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely false533.7
2) Mostly false533.7
3) Somewhat false684.7
4) Slightly false674.7
5) Slightly true22915.9
6) Somewhat true29120.2
7) Mostly true40328.0
8) Definitely true27419.1
Missing3777
Total1438100.0
316) Using the scale on the showcard, please select the response that best describes how you think about yourself right now. Please focus on yourself and what is going on in your life at this moment. There are lots of ways around any problem that I am facing now. (2016) (HOPE3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely false201.4
2) Mostly false362.5
3) Somewhat false382.6
4) Slightly false523.6
5) Slightly true19113.2
6) Somewhat true34724.1
7) Mostly true47232.7
8) Definitely true28619.8
Missing3773
Total1442100.0
317) Using the scale on the showcard, please select the response that best describes how you think about yourself right now. Please focus on yourself and what is going on in your life at this moment. Right now, I see myself as being pretty successful. (2016) (HOPE4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely false513.5
2) Mostly false483.3
3) Somewhat false574.0
4) Slightly false835.8
5) Slightly true21514.9
6) Somewhat true33723.4
7) Mostly true42629.5
8) Definitely true22515.6
Missing3773
Total1442100.0
318) Using the scale on the showcard, please select the response that best describes how you think about yourself right now. Please focus on yourself and what is going on in your life at this moment. I can think of many ways to reach my current goals. (2016) (HOPE5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely false231.6
2) Mostly false251.7
3) Somewhat false382.6
4) Slightly false543.8
5) Slightly true19913.8
6) Somewhat true37426.0
7) Mostly true43930.5
8) Definitely true28619.9
Missing3777
Total1438100.0
319) Using the scale on the showcard, please select the response that best describes how you think about yourself right now. Please focus on yourself and what is going on in your life at this moment. At this time, I am meeting the goals I have set for myself. (2016) (HOPE6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely false574.0
2) Mostly false513.5
3) Somewhat false624.3
4) Slightly false1047.2
5) Slightly true25117.4
6) Somewhat true35724.8
7) Mostly true40428.1
8) Definitely true15310.6
Missing3776
Total1439100.0
320) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. First, the center of the earth is very hot. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (HOTCORE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True117194.9
2) False635.1
Missing3981
Total1234100.0
321) If working, full or part time, how many hours did you work last week, at all jobs? (2016) (HRS1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total164640.9114.41
322) If with a job, but not at work: How many hours a week do you usually work, at all jobs? (2016) (HRS2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5538.0912.34
323) Think of the number of hours you work and the money you earn in your main job, including any regular overtime. If you had only one of these three choices, which of the following would you prefer? (2016) (HRSMONEY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Work longer hours and earn more money35238.1
2) Work the same number of hours and earn the same money53157.4
3) Work fewer hours and earn less money424.5
Missing4290
Total925100.0
324) Did you take a high school biology course? (2016) (HSBIO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes105080.0
2) No26220.0
Missing3903
Total1312100.0
325) Did you take a high school chemistry course? (2016) (HSCHEM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes73455.6
2) No58744.4
Missing3894
Total1321100.0
326) Now, let me ask you to think about the courses you took in high school. What was the highest level of math that you completed in high school? (2016) (HSMATH_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No math in high school; didn't go to high school191.5
1) General math, business, or vocational math17313.6
2) Pre-algebra584.5
3) One year of algebra18514.5
4) Two years of algebra22717.8
5) Geometry (plane or solid or both)22717.8
6) Trigonometry/Linear programming/Analysis12810.0
7) Pre-calculus866.7
8) Calculus13710.7
9) Statistics/Probability282.2
10) Other70.5
Missing3940
Total1275100.0
327) Did you take a high school physics course? (2016) (HSPHYS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes41631.7
2) No89868.3
Missing3901
Total1314100.0
328) How clean was the interior of the housing unit? (2016) (HUCLEAN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very clean70526.9
2) Clean95136.2
3) So-so33712.8
4) Not very clean1244.7
5) Dirty602.3
6) Interviewer never saw interior of the respondent's housing unit44717.0
Missing2591
Total2624100.0
329) Do you or your spouse go hunting? (2016) (HUNT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent does19510.3
2) Yes, spouse does693.7
3) Yes, both do462.4
4) No, neither respondent nor spouse hunts157683.6
Missing3329
Total1886100.0
330) Does respondent or spouse or partner hunt? (2016) (HUNT1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent does1849.8
2) Yes, spouse or partner does794.2
3) Yes, both do573.0
4) No, neither respondent nor spouse or partner does156683.0
Missing3329
Total1886100.0
331) How long has it been since you last used a needle to inject drugs? (2016) (IDU30_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Within the past 30 days610.5
2) More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months11.8
3) More than 12 months ago but within the past three years712.3
4) More than three years ago4375.4
Missing5158
Total57100.0
332) Who would you have voted for, for president, if you had voted? [2012 election] (2016) (IF12WHO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Obama53258.8
2) Romney21924.2
3) Other15417.0
Missing4310
Total905100.0
333) Thinking about the time when you were 16 years old, compared with American families, in general, then would you say your family income was far below average, below average, average, above average, or far above average? (2016) (INCOM16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Far below average30310.8
2) Below average79428.3
3) Average114640.9
4) Above average50117.9
5) Far above average582.1
Missing2413
Total2802100.0
334) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before taxes, that is? (2016) (INCOME_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000391.6
2) $1000 to $2,999401.6
3) $3,000 to $3,999210.9
4) $4,000 to $4,999150.6
5) $5,000 to $5,999190.8
6) $6,000 to $6,999150.6
7) $7,000 to $7,999220.9
8) $8,000 to $9,999471.9
9) $10,000 to $14,9991606.6
10) $15,000 to $19,9991295.3
11) $20,000 to $24,9991988.1
12) $25,000 or more172871.0
Missing2782
Total2433100.0
335) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before taxes, that is? (2016) (INCOME16_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total259617.375.83
336) Respondent's occupation, prestige, and industry (2016) (INDUS10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total27406,461.312,677.07
337) In general, do you think that air pollution caused by industry is... (2016) (INDUSGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous30233.7
2) Very dangerous35639.8
3) Somewhat dangerous21423.9
4) Not very dangerous202.2
5) Not dangerous at all30.3
Missing4320
Total895100.0
338) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Instagram. (2016) (INSTAGRM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes42330.8
2) No94969.2
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
339) Age of interviewer (2016) (INTAGE_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total286756.7111.90
340) Economic issues and business conditions. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTECON_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested54639.4
2) Moderately interested63846.1
3) Not at all interested20114.5
Missing3830
Total1385100.0
341) Local school issues. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested60543.7
2) Moderately interested59242.7
3) Not at all interested18913.6
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
342) Issues about environmental pollution. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTENVIR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested58642.3
2) Moderately interested65147.0
3) Not at all interested14910.8
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
343) Race of interviewer (2016) (INTETHN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White179262.5
2) Black45115.7
3) Hispanic36812.8
4) Asian110.4
5) Two or more races2458.5
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
344) Agriculture and farm issues. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTFARM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested30221.8
2) Moderately interested65747.5
3) Not at all interested42430.7
Missing3832
Total1383100.0
345) Interviewer, are you Spanish, Hispanic or Latino/Latina? Which group are you from: Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano/Chicana, Puerto Rican, Cuban or other? Please specify other. (2016) (INTHISP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not Hispanic247986.9
2) Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano/a2488.7
3) Puerto Rican913.2
6) Guatemalan60.2
15) Dominican80.3
21) Ecuadorian110.4
24) Argentinian50.2
30) Spanish30.1
47) Hispanic10.0
Missing2363
Total2852100.0
346) Interviewer's ID (2016) (INTID_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total286776.1637.90
347) International and foreign policy issues. (Are you very interested, moderately interested, or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTINTL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested29621.4
2) Moderately interested68349.3
3) Not at all interested40729.4
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
348) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: An interesting job? (2016) (INTJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important75851.6
2) Important60341.0
3) Neither important nor unimportant805.4
4) Not important271.8
5) Not important at all10.1
Missing3746
Total1469100.0
349) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of one means that you think almost all people in that group are 'unintelligent.' A score of seven means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'intelligent.' A score of four means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate Blacks, in general, on this scale? (2016) (INTLBLKS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Unintelligent221.2
2) 2392.1
3) 31769.5
4) 4101555.0
5) 535619.3
6) 61498.1
7) Intelligent884.8
Missing3370
Total1845100.0
350) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of one means that you think almost all people in that group are 'unintelligent.' A score of seven means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'intelligent.' A score of four means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate Whites, in general, on this scale? (2016) (INTLWHTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Unintelligent130.7
2) 2331.8
3) 31397.5
4) 489448.4
5) 540221.7
6) 623712.8
7) Intelligent1317.1
Missing3366
Total1849100.0
351) Do you access the internet or web-enabled applications/apps on a cell phone, smartphone, tablet or other mobile handheld device, at least occasionally? (2016) (INTMBILE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes130795.0
2) No695.0
Missing3839
Total1376100.0
352) Issues about new medical discoveries. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTMED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested82559.5
2) Moderately interested49335.6
3) Not at all interested684.9
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
353) Issues about military and defense policy. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTMIL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested48935.3
2) Moderately interested66247.8
3) Not at all interested23416.9
Missing3830
Total1385100.0
354) Interviewer: What is your race? Indicate one or more races that you consider yourself to be. First mention. (2016) (INTRACE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White216276.8
2) Black of African-American45816.3
3) American Indian or Alaska Native40.1
4) Asian Indian1284.5
5) Chinese40.1
6) Filipino20.1
7) Japanese10.0
9) Vietnamese20.1
10) Other Asian20.1
15) Some other race341.2
16) Hispanic190.7
Missing2399
Total2816100.0
355) Interviewer: What is your race? Indicate one or more races that you consider yourself to be. Second mention. (2016) (INTRACE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White16349.7
2) Black or African-American134.0
3) American Indian or Alaska Native4212.8
6) Filipino10.3
7) Japanese4112.5
9) Vietnamese20.6
15) Some other race175.2
16) Hispanic4914.9
Missing4887
Total328100.0
356) Interviewer: What is your race? Indicate one or more races that you consider yourself to be. Third mention. (2016) (INTRACE3_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) American Indian or Alaska Native1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
357) Did you happen to use the internet or web-enabled applications/APPS yesterday? (2016) (INTRECNT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, used internet yesterday126191.7
2) No, did not use internet yesterday1148.3
Missing3840
Total1375100.0
358) Permission to access respondent's Facebook account(2016) (FBACCESS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Permission granted31733.7
2) Permission denied62366.3
Missing4275
Total940100.0
359) Issues about new scientific discoveries. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTSCI_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested58542.2
2) Moderately interested58342.1
3) Not at all interested21715.7
Missing3830
Total1385100.0
360) Sex of interviewer (2016) (INTSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male31911.1
2) Female254888.9
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
361) Issues about space exploration. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTSPACE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested34224.7
2) Moderately interested60043.3
3) Not at all interested44332.0
Missing3830
Total1385100.0
362) Issues about the use of new inventions and technologies. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (2016) (INTTECH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested57041.1
2) Moderately interested63746.0
3) Not at all interested17912.9
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
363) Do you use the internet or web-enabled applications, known as apps, for more than email, at least occasionally? (2016) (INTUSE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes137670.7
2) No57029.3
Missing3269
Total1946100.0
364) How many minutes or hours do you spend actively using the internet or web-enabled applications/apps on a typical weekday? Hours: (2016) (INTWKDYH_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12203.143.59
365) How many minutes or hours do you spend actively using the internet or web-enabled applications/apps on a typical weekday? Minutes: (2016) (INTWKDYM_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12244.5010.82
366) How many minutes or hours do you spend actively using the internet or web-enabled applications/apps on a typical weekend day? Hours: (2016) (INTWKENH_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12162.873.49
367) How many minutes or hours do you spend actively using the internet or web-enabled applications/apps on a typical weekend day? Minutes: (2016) (INTWKENM_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12254.5310.78
368) Years of service as an interviewer at NORC (2016) (INTYRS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28675.004.94
369) Respondent's occupation, 2010 Census and 2008 ISCO code (2016) (ISCO08_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total27484,640.022,471.91
370) Respondent's occupation, 1980 Census and 1988 ISCO Code (2016) (ISCO88_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total27484,312.652,489.08
371) Status on International Social Survey Program Self-Completion Supplement (2016) (ISSP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Respondent did ISSP284699.3
2) Respondent did not do ISSP210.7
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
372) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. When did your last paid job end? Please specify the month. (2016) (JBENDMO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) January318.1
2) February236.0
3) March246.3
4) April318.1
5) May5313.8
6) June6216.1
7) July369.4
8) August236.0
9) September236.0
10) October266.8
11) November225.7
12) December307.8
Missing4831
Total384100.0
373) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay] When did your last paid job end? (2016) (JBENDYR_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4452,006.3710.17
374) How often do you feel that the demands of your job interfere with your family life? (2016) (JBINTFAM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always384.1
2) Often10911.7
3) Sometimes30832.9
4) Hardly ever32434.7
5) Never15616.7
Missing4280
Total935100.0
375) Over the past 12 months, have you had any training to improve your job skills, either at the workplace or somewhere else? (2016) (JBTRAIN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes55559.4
2) No37940.6
Missing4281
Total934100.0
376) Do you consider yourself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (2016) (JEW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Orthodox59.8
2) Conservative917.6
3) Reform2039.2
4) None of these1631.4
5) Other12.0
Missing5164
Total51100.0
377) Were you Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (2016) (JEW16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Orthodox814.5
2) Conservative1730.9
3) Reform1730.9
4) None of these1221.8
5) Other11.8
Missing5160
Total55100.0
378) How difficult or easy do you think it would be for you to find a job at least as good as your current one? (2016) (JOBEASY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very easy12012.9
2) Fairly easy28230.2
3) Neither easy nor difficult15816.9
4) Fairly difficult26628.5
5) Very difficult10711.5
Missing4282
Total933100.0
379) About how easy would it be for you to find a job with another employer with approximately the same income and fringe benefits you now have? Would you say very easy, somewhat easy or not at all easy? (2016) (JOBFIND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very easy22920.5
2) Somewhat easy44640.0
3) Not easy44039.5
Missing4100
Total1115100.0
380) Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely do you think it is that you will lose your job or be laid off? (2016) (JOBLOSE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely423.8
2) Fairly likely433.9
3) Not too likely29826.7
4) Not likely73365.7
Missing4099
Total1116100.0
381) Have you ever remained or would you remain in a job that was not satisfying for you for the benefit of your family life? (2016) (JOBORFAM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have done so and probably would do so again56438.6
2) Yes, I have done so but probably would not do so again23215.9
3) No, I have not done so but probably would do so43129.5
4) No, I have not done so and probably would not do so23516.1
Missing3753
Total1462100.0
382) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Provide a job for everyone who wants one. (2016) (JOBSALL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be16211.9
2) Probably should be33324.4
3) Probably should not be47935.1
4) Definitely should not be39028.6
Missing3851
Total1364100.0
383) How satisfied are you in your job? (2016) (JOBSAT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely satisfied16417.6
2) Very satisfied34336.8
3) Fairly satisfied29331.4
4) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied545.8
5) Fairly dissatisfied525.6
6) Very dissatisfied202.1
7) Completely dissatisfied70.8
Missing4282
Total933100.0
384) When your children are at the age you are now, do you think their standard of living will be much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse or much worse than yours is now? (2016) (KIDSSOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Much better54428.4
2) Somewhat better50426.3
3) About the same35318.4
4) Somewhat worse22711.9
5) Much worse1025.3
6) No children (Vol.)1859.7
Missing3300
Total1915100.0
385) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. for each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false, or don't know. Lasers work by focusing sound waves. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (LASERS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True34735.9
2) False61964.1
Missing4249
Total966100.0
386) In the last month, what is the fewest number of hours you worked in a week, at all paid jobs? Please do not include weeks in which you missed some or all hours because of illness, vacation, or other personal obligations. (2016) (LEASTHRS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total57532.9515.26
387) All in all, how likely is it that you will try to find a job with another firm or organization within the next 12 months? (2016) (LEAVEJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely15216.3
2) Likely12713.6
3) Unlikely26928.9
4) Very unlikely38441.2
Missing4283
Total932100.0
388) Here are some things the government might do for the economy. Circle one number for each action to show whether you are in favor of it or against it. Less government regulation of business. (2016) (LESSREG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor of23617.4
2) In favor47034.7
3) Neither in favor nor against39929.4
4) Against19114.1
5) Strongly against604.4
Missing3859
Total1356100.0
389) When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his family request it? (2016) (LETDIE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes135073.7
2) No48226.3
Missing3383
Total1832100.0
390) There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be... (2016) (LETIN1A_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Increased a lot1085.9
2) Increased a little21811.8
3) Remain the same as it is74240.2
4) Reduced a little41922.7
5) Reduced a lot35819.4
Missing3370
Total1845100.0
391) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If some people in your community suggested a book he wrote against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (2016) (LIBATH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Remove42122.7
2) Not remove143677.3
Missing3358
Total1857100.0
392) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose he wrote a book which is in your public library. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it or not? (2016) (LIBCOM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Remove48026.2
2) Not remove135073.8
Missing3385
Total1830100.0
393) What about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? If somebody in your community suggests that a book he wrote in favor of homosexuality should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (2016) (LIBHOMO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Remove32217.3
2) Not remove153782.7
Missing3356
Total1859100.0
394) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Suppose he wrote a book advocating doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it or not? (2016) (LIBMIL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Remove47425.6
2) Not remove137774.4
Missing3364
Total1851100.0
395) If some people in your community suggested that a book a Muslim clergyman wrote which preaches hatred of the United States should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (2016) (LIBMSLM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Remove93550.1
2) Not remove93049.9
Missing3350
Total1865100.0
396) Consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote which said Blacks are inferior should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (2016) (LIBRAC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Remove64434.8
2) Not remove120665.2
Missing3365
Total1850100.0
397) In general, do you find life exciting, pretty routine or dull? (2016) (LIFE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Exciting94550.5
2) Routine83544.6
3) Dull935.0
Missing3342
Total1873100.0
398) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? LinkedIn. (2016) (LINKEDIN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes39428.7
2) No97871.3
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
399) Now, I'm going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Black? (2016) (LIVEBLKS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1809.6
2) Favor39020.8
3) Neither favor nor oppose98252.3
4) Oppose24212.9
5) Strongly oppose824.4
Missing3339
Total1876100.0
400) Now I'm going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Whites? (2016) (LIVEWHTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor36819.7
2) Favor45324.2
3) Neither favor nor oppose94550.5
4) Oppose784.2
5) Strongly oppose281.5
Missing3343
Total1872100.0
401) Length of interview (2016) (LNGTHINV_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2867106.6829.91
402) About how many people work at the location where you work? (Count part-time as well as full-time employees in all areas, departments and buildings.) (2016) (LOCALNUM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One to nine43225.6
2) 10 to 4940724.1
3) 50 to 9919511.6
4) 10 to 49931818.9
5) 500 to 999985.8
6) 1,000 to 1,999623.7
7) 2,000 or more17410.3
Missing3529
Total1686100.0
403) [Please answer if you are not currently working for pay] Are you currently looking for a job? (2016) (LOOKJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes9430.3
2) No21669.7
Missing4905
Total310100.0
404) Please answer the following questions about yourself by indicating the extent of your agreement: Do you agree or disagree that... In uncertain times, I usually expect best. (2016) (LOTR1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree704.8
2) Disagree19613.5
3) Neutral27118.7
4) Agree68347.2
5) Strongly agree22715.7
Missing3768
Total1447100.0
405) Please answer the following questions about yourself by indicating the extent of your agreement: Do you agree or disagree that... If something can go wrong for me, it will. (2016) (LOTR2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree1288.8
2) Disagree57639.8
3) Neutral31321.6
4) Agree35124.2
5) Strongly agree805.5
Missing3767
Total1448100.0
406) Please answer the following questions about yourself by indicating the extent of your agreement: Do you agree or disagree that... I'm always optimistic about my future. (2016) (LOTR3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree433.0
2) Disagree1449.9
3) Neutral28119.4
4) Agree72450.0
5) Strongly agree25617.7
Missing3767
Total1448100.0
407) Please answer the following questions about yourself by indicating the extent of your agreement: Do you agree or disagree that... I hardly ever expect things to go my way. (2016) (LOTR4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree18913.0
2) Disagree71049.0
3) Neutral29920.6
4) Agree19613.5
5) Strongly agree553.8
Missing3766
Total1449100.0
408) Please answer the following questions about yourself by indicating the extent of your agreement: Do you agree or disagree that... I rarely count on good things happening to me. (2016) (LOTR5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree19013.1
2) Disagree69948.4
3) Neutral27018.7
4) Agree22515.6
5) Strongly agree614.2
Missing3770
Total1445100.0
409) Please answer the following questions about yourself by indicating the extent of your agreement: Do you agree or disagree that... Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad. (2016) (LOTR6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree392.7
2) Disagree906.2
3) Neutral19613.5
4) Agree84358.2
5) Strongly agree28019.3
Missing3767
Total1448100.0
410) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to get a job I would be willing... To accept a position with lower pay. (2016) (LOWPAY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3210.4
2) Agree11637.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree5818.9
4) Disagree6822.1
5) Strongly disagree3310.7
Missing4908
Total307100.0
411) Does your mother have any college degrees? (If yes: what degree or degrees?) Code highest degree earned (2016) (MADEG_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school73627.6
1) High school134950.6
2) Associate/junior college1445.4
3) Bachelor's29210.9
4) Graduate1465.5
Missing2548
Total2667100.0
412) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your mother finished and got credit for? (2016) (MAEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling592.3
1) First grade50.2
2) Second grade110.4
3) Third grade271.0
4) Fourth grade160.6
5) Fifth grade321.2
6) Sixth grade773.0
7) Seventh grade291.1
8) Eighth grade1827.1
9) Ninth grade612.4
10) 10th grade983.8
11) Eleventh grade863.3
12) Twelfth grade105540.9
13) One year of college1003.9
14) Two years2369.1
15) Three years532.1
16) Four years30211.7
17) Five years200.8
18) Six years893.4
19) Seven years100.4
20) Eight years331.3
Missing2634
Total2581100.0
413) What kind of place did she work for? What did they (make/do)? (2016) (MAIND10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19766,778.352,459.70
414) Respondent's mother's occupation, 2010 Census and 2008 ISCO code (2016) (MAISCO08_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19924,926.182,404.20
415) Respondent's mother's occupation, 1980 Census and 1988 ISCO Code (2016) (MAISCO88_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19924,645.952,458.56
416) What was your major or field of study when you received your (respondent's college degree) degree? First mention (2016) (MAJOR1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total106729.4120.60
417) What was your major or field of study when you received your (respondent's college degree) degree? Second mention (2016) (MAJOR2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22431.3721.11
418) In what field was that degree? (2016) (MAJORCOL_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52628.4420.54
419) Here are some things the government might do for the economy. Circle one number for each action to show whether you are in favor of it or against it. Government financing of projects to create new jobs. (2016) (MAKEJOBS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor of48135.0
2) In favor68149.6
3) Neither in favor nor against1359.8
4) Against564.1
5) Strongly against211.5
Missing3841
Total1374100.0
420) What kind of work did your [mother/mother substitute] usually do while you were growing up? That is, what was her job called? What did she actually do? What were some of her main duties? (2016) (MAOCC10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19924,517.622,163.21
421) Mother's occupational prestige score (2010) (MAPRES10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199241.9413.11
422) Mother's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (MAPRES105PLUS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199243.5325.59
423) What about having a close relative marry an Asian American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (2016) (MARASIAN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor39621.1
2) Favor29115.5
3) Neither favor nor oppose102154.4
4) Oppose1186.3
5) Strongly oppose502.7
Missing3339
Total1876100.0
424) What about having a close relative marry a Black person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (2016) (MARBLK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor40521.5
2) Favor25413.5
3) Neither favor nor oppose98252.2
4) Oppose1407.4
5) Strongly oppose995.3
Missing3335
Total1880100.0
425) Marriage and cohabitation status (2016) (MARCOHAB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married121242.5
2) Not married, cohabitating partner2639.2
3) Not married, no cohabitating partner137648.3
Missing2364
Total2851100.0
426) What about having a close relative marry a Hispanic American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (2016) (MARHISP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor41222.0
2) Favor29915.9
3) Neither favor nor oppose101354.0
4) Oppose1095.8
5) Strongly oppose422.2
Missing3340
Total1875100.0
427) Do you agree or disagree? Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another (2016) (MARHOMO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree64034.4
2) Agree46424.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree22412.0
4) Disagree22312.0
5) Strongly disagree31116.7
Missing3353
Total1862100.0
428) Marital status of first person (2016) (MARITAL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Married121242.3
2) Widowed2518.8
3) Divorced49517.3
4) Separated1023.6
5) Never married80628.1
Missing2349
Total2866100.0
429) Marital type (2016) (MARTYPE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Marriage between a man and a woman119598.8
2) Marriage between two people of the same gender151.2
Missing4005
Total1210100.0
430) What about having a close relative marry a White person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (2016) (MARWHT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor68036.1
2) Favor27414.5
3) Neither favor nor oppose87646.5
4) Oppose412.2
5) Strongly oppose130.7
Missing3331
Total1884100.0
431) Respondent's mother's socioeconomic index (2010) (MASEI10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199240.1723.38
432) Percentage of some college education in MAOCC10 based on ACS2010. (2010) (MASEI10EDUC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199253.9926.95
433) Percentage of $45K or more earners in MAOCC10 base on ACS2010. (2010) (MASEI10INC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199231.6825.51
434) Was one of the partners your husband or wife or regular sexual partner? (2016) (MATESEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes119489.0
2) No14711.0
Missing3874
Total1341100.0
435) Did your mother ever work for pay for as long as a year, while you were growing up? (2016) (MAWRKGRW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes204474.4
2) No70325.6
Missing2468
Total2747100.0
436) Was [your mother] self-employed or did she work for someone else? (2016) (MAWRKSLF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed22511.0
2) Someone else181389.0
Missing3177
Total2038100.0
437) Family life often suffers because men concentrate too much on their work. (2016) (MEOVRWK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1719.1
2) Agree81943.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree25713.7
4) Disagree53628.5
5) Strongly disagree965.1
Missing3336
Total1879100.0
438) Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good? (2016) (MNTLHLTH_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total10993.977.52
439) When you were 16 years old, were you living in this same (city/town/county)? (2016) (MOBILE16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Same state, same city104636.5
2) Same state, different80628.1
3) Different state101435.4
Missing2349
Total2866100.0
440) Interview done in person or over the phone (2016) (MODE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) In-person266593.2
2) By phone1956.8
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
441) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to get a job I would be willing... To travel longer to get to work. (2016) (MORTRAVL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree165.2
2) Agree9932.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree4313.9
4) Disagree10935.3
5) Strongly disagree4213.6
Missing4906
Total309100.0
442) In the last month, what is the greatest number of hours you worked in a week, at all paid jobs? Please consider all hours, including any extra hours, overtime, work you did at home for your job, and time you spent on work that may not have been directly billable or compensated. (2016) (MOSTHRS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total57047.8017.46
443) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to get a job I would be willing... To move to a different country. (2016) (MOVEAWAY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree123.9
2) Agree4012.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree206.5
4) Disagree9932.0
5) Strongly disagree13844.7
Missing4906
Total309100.0
444) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to get a job I would be willing... To move within America. (2016) (MOVEINUS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree227.1
2) Agree9029.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree3511.4
4) Disagree8627.9
5) Strongly disagree7524.4
Missing4907
Total308100.0
445) [IF NANOWILL=1] Would you say that the balance will be strongly in favor of the benefits, or only slightly? (2016) (NANOBEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor26359.8
2) Slightly in favor17740.2
Missing4775
Total440100.0
446) [IF NANOWILL=3] Would you say that the balance will be strongly in favor of the harmful results, or only slightly? (2016) (NANOHARM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor6541.4
2) Slightly in favor9258.6
Missing5058
Total157100.0
447) Nanotechnology works at the molecular level atom by atom to build new structures, materials, and machines. People have frequently noted that new technologies have produced both benefits and harmful results. Do you think the benefits of nanotechnology will outweigh the harmful results or the harmful results will outweigh the benefits? (2016) (NANOWILL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Benefits greater44663.4
2) About equal (if volunteered)9713.8
3) Harmful results greater16022.8
Missing4512
Total703100.0
448) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Foreign aid (2016) (NATAID_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little14911.1
2) About right45233.6
3) Too much74455.3
Missing3870
Total1345100.0
449) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to other countries - (Version Y) (2016) (NATAIDY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little1047.5
2) About right33023.8
3) Too much95468.7
Missing3827
Total1388100.0
450) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. The military, armaments, and defense (2016) (NATARMS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little53338.1
2) About right49135.1
3) Too much37426.8
Missing3817
Total1398100.0
451) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. National defense - (Version Y) (2016) (NATARMSY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little52538.1
2) About right48735.4
3) Too much36526.5
Missing3838
Total1377100.0
452) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance for childcare (2016) (NATCHLD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little155657.6
2) About right98136.3
3) Too much1636.0
Missing2515
Total2700100.0
453) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Solving the problems of the big cities (2016) (NATCITY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little68351.9
2) About right45534.6
3) Too much17713.5
Missing3900
Total1315100.0
454) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to big cities - (Version Y) (2016) (NATCITYY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little30924.2
2) About right52941.4
3) Too much43934.4
Missing3938
Total1277100.0
455) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Halting the rising crime rate (2016) (NATCRIME_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little94568.0
2) About right35425.5
3) Too much906.5
Missing3826
Total1389100.0
456) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Law enforcement - (Version Y) (2016) (NATCRIMY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little76654.4
2) About right49134.9
3) Too much15110.7
Missing3807
Total1408100.0
457) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Dealing with drug addiction (2016) (NATDRUG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little91865.8
2) About right36726.3
3) Too much1107.9
Missing3820
Total1395100.0
458) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Drug rehabilitation - (Version Y) (2016) (NATDRUGY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little85062.6
2) About right35726.3
3) Too much15111.1
Missing3857
Total1358100.0
459) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving the nation's education system (2016) (NATEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little102572.1
2) About right31021.8
3) Too much866.1
Missing3794
Total1421100.0
460) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Education - (Version Y) (2016) (NATEDUCY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little106074.8
2) About right25718.1
3) Too much1017.1
Missing3797
Total1418100.0
461) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Developing alternate energy sources (2016) (NATENRGY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little156357.0
2) About right93133.9
3) Too much2499.1
Missing2472
Total2743100.0
462) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. The environment (2016) (NATENVIR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little87862.7
2) About right40929.2
3) Too much1148.1
Missing3814
Total1401100.0
463) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. The environment - (Version Y) (2016) (NATENVIY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little91065.3
2) About right34724.9
3) Too much1369.8
Missing3822
Total1393100.0
464) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Welfare (2016) (NATFARE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little31622.8
2) About right47734.4
3) Too much59242.7
Missing3830
Total1385100.0
465) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to the poor - (Version Y) (2016) (NATFAREY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little100271.4
2) About right30121.5
3) Too much1007.1
Missing3812
Total1403100.0
466) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving and protecting the nation's health (2016) (NATHEAL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little91465.1
2) About right35325.1
3) Too much1389.8
Missing3810
Total1405100.0
467) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Health - (Version Y) (2016) (NATHEALY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little88763.4
2) About right30321.7
3) Too much20914.9
Missing3816
Total1399100.0
468) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Mass transportation (2016) (NATMASS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little101637.6
2) About right143553.2
3) Too much2489.2
Missing2516
Total2699100.0
469) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Parks and recreation (2016) (NATPARK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little95233.8
2) About right169260.1
3) Too much1736.1
Missing2398
Total2817100.0
470) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving the conditions of Blacks (2016) (NATRACE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little67251.9
2) About right48437.4
3) Too much13810.7
Missing3921
Total1294100.0
471) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to Blacks - (Version Y) (2016) (NATRACEY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little53441.6
2) About right53541.6
3) Too much21616.8
Missing3930
Total1285100.0
472) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Highways and bridges (2016) (NATROAD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little142350.5
2) About right111239.4
3) Too much28510.1
Missing2395
Total2820100.0
473) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Supporting scientific research (2016) (NATSCI_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little111941.6
2) About right126247.0
3) Too much30611.4
Missing2528
Total2687100.0
474) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Social Security (2016) (NATSOC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little169061.3
2) About right92233.5
3) Too much1445.2
Missing2459
Total2756100.0
475) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Space exploration program (2016) (NATSPAC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little28121.8
2) About right66151.2
3) Too much34827.0
Missing3925
Total1290100.0
476) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Space exploration - (Version Y) (2016) (NATSPACY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too little30723.4
2) About right62847.8
3) Too much37928.8
Missing3901
Total1314100.0
477) How often do you read the newspaper: every day, a few times a week, once a week, less than once a week or never? (2016) (NEWS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day39821.1
2) A few times a week27014.3
3) Once a week22912.1
4) Less than once a week30015.9
5) Never68836.5
Missing3330
Total1885100.0
478) We are interested in how people get information about events in the news. Where do you get most of your information about current news events -- newspapers, magazines, the internet, books or other printed materials, TV, radio, government agencies, family, friends, colleagues or some other source (2016) (NEWSFROM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) News1107.9
2) Magazines70.5
3) The internet60143.4
4) Books/other printed material40.3
5) TV53238.4
6) Radio654.7
7) Government agencies10.1
8) Family292.1
9) Friends/colleagues251.8
10) Other120.9
Missing3829
Total1386100.0
479) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to get a job I would be willing... To accept a job that requires new skills. (2016) (NEWSKILL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10634.2
2) Agree13744.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree3711.9
4) Disagree196.1
5) Strongly disagree113.5
Missing4905
Total310100.0
480) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Because of science and technology, there will be more opportunities for the next generation. (2016) (NEXTGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree51137.3
2) Agree74954.6
3) Disagree946.9
4) Strongly disagree171.2
Missing3844
Total1371100.0
481) During the last 12 months, was there a performance or exhibit that you wanted to go to but did not? (2016) (NOGO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes61642.0
2) No85158.0
Missing3748
Total1467100.0
482) During the last 12 months, was there a performance or exhibit that you wanted to go to but did not? Was it a performance or an exhibit? (2016) (NOGO1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Performance42969.6
2) Exhibit12620.5
3) Both performance and exhibit619.9
Missing4599
Total616100.0
483) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to avoid unemployment I would be willing... To accept a job that requires new skills. (2016) (NOUNEMP1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38141.1
2) Agree42946.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree596.4
4) Disagree454.8
5) Strongly disagree141.5
Missing4287
Total928100.0
484) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to avoid unemployment I would be willing... To accept a position with lower pay. (2016) (NOUNEMP2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14916.0
2) Agree36238.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree12813.8
4) Disagree20922.5
5) Strongly disagree828.8
Missing4285
Total930100.0
485) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to avoid unemployment I would be willing... To accept temporary employment. (2016) (NOUNEMP3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17018.3
2) Agree52456.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree10211.0
4) Disagree10211.0
5) Strongly disagree323.4
Missing4285
Total930100.0
486) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to avoid unemployment I would be willing... To travel longer to get to work. (2016) (NOUNEMP4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13114.1
2) Agree42245.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree12713.7
4) Disagree18519.9
5) Strongly disagree636.8
Missing4287
Total928100.0
487) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to avoid unemployment I would be willing... To move within America. (2016) (NOUNEMP5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9310.0
2) Agree28030.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree15616.8
4) Disagree26929.0
5) Strongly disagree13014.0
Missing4287
Total928100.0
488) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to avoid unemployment I would be willing... To move to a different country. (2016) (NOUNEMP6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree434.6
2) Agree12012.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree13114.1
4) Disagree30733.0
5) Strongly disagree32835.3
Missing4286
Total929100.0
489) In general, do you think that nuclear power stations are...(2016) (NUKEGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous24627.5
2) Very dangerous23426.1
3) Somewhat dangerous29833.3
4) Not very dangerous10211.4
5) Not dangerous at all151.7
Missing4320
Total895100.0
490) If you (are/were) self-employed and (have/had) employees, how many employees (do/did) you have? (2016) (NUMEMPS_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) 020168.4
1) 1206.8
2) 2186.1
3) 3103.4
4) 472.4
5) 551.7
6) 641.4
7) 731.0
9) 931.0
10) 1031.0
11) 1110.3
14) 1410.3
17) 1710.3
20) 2041.4
22) 2210.3
23) 2310.3
24) 2410.3
25) 2510.3
26) 2610.3
28) 2810.3
30) 3010.3
50) 5010.3
87) 8710.3
97) 97 or more41.4
Missing4921
Total294100.0
491) Now thinking about the time since your 18th birthday (including the past 12 months) how many male partners have you had sex with? (2016) (NUMMEN_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total16798.3462.72
492) Now thinking about the time since your 18th birthday (including the past 12 months) how many female partners have you had sex with? (2016) (NUMWOMEN_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total168211.1869.42
493) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To obey. (2016) (OBEY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First23912.4
2) Second21110.9
3) Third31016.0
4) Fourth84743.8
5) Fifth32716.9
Missing3281
Total1934100.0
494) In general, would you say that people should obey the law without exception, or are there exceptional occasions on which people should follow their consciences even if it means breaking the law? (2016) (OBEYLAW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Obey the law without exception56841.7
2) Follow conscience on occasions79558.3
Missing3852
Total1363100.0
495) Respondent's occupation code from the 2010 Census Occupation Classification system (OCC10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total27484,246.912,564.76
496) Now, think about this situation. A doctor tells a couple that their genetic makeup means that they've got a one-in-four chance of having a child with an inherited illness. Does this mean that if their first child has the illness, the next three will not have the illness? (2016) (ODDS1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes16112.2
2) No115587.8
Missing3899
Total1316100.0
497) Now, think about this situation. A doctor tells a couple that their genetic makeup means that they've got a one-in-four chance of having a child with an inherited illness. Does this mean that each of the couple's children will have the same risk of suffering from the illness? (2016) (ODDS2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes101076.1
2) No31723.9
Missing3888
Total1327100.0
498) Age of first person (2016) (OLD1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total274450.7216.93
499) Age of 10th person (2016) (OLD10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total43.752.22
500) Age of 11th person (2016) (OLD11_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2634.9219.34
501) Age of 12th person (2016) (OLD12_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total534.6021.39
502) Age of 13th person (2016) (OLD13_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total211.5010.61
503) Age of 14th person (2016) (OLD14_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total16.000.00
504) Age of second person (2016) (OLD2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total193943.3518.59
505) Age of third person (2016) (OLD3_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total89918.7315.13
506) Age of fourth person (2016) (OLD4_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total48314.2712.01
507) Age of fifth person (2016) (OLD5_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22012.1012.49
508) Age of sixth person (2016) (OLD6_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total899.708.63
509) Age of seventh person (2016) (OLD7_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total369.196.95
510) Age of eighth person (2016) (OLD8_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total179.1213.15
511) Age of ninth person (2016) (OLD9_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total98.2212.47
512) Other Protestant denominations (2016) (OTH16_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total30155.8525.63
513) Other Protestant denominations (2016) (OTHER_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total29755.0929.00
514) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Other (2016) (OTHERSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes226.9
2) No29593.1
Missing4898
Total317100.0
515) Can you speak a language other than English? (2016) (OTHLANG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes81628.5
2) No204571.5
Missing2354
Total2861100.0
516) What other language(s) do you speak? First response. (2016) (OTHLANG1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total81312.7225.69
517) What other language(s) do you speak? Second response. (2016) (OTHLANG2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total20423.0633.36
518) Weights for Black oversamples (OVERSAMP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not 1982/19872867100.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
519) Do you happen to have in your home (or garage) any guns or revolvers? (2016) (OWNGUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes59331.4
2) No124666.0
3) Refused502.6
Missing3326
Total1889100.0
520) Does [your father] have any college degrees? (If yes: what degree or degrees?) Code highest degree earned (2016) (PADEG_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school66330.6
1) High school101046.6
2) Associate/junior college643.0
3) Bachelor's27312.6
4) Graduate1597.3
Missing3046
Total2169100.0
521) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your father finished and got credit for? (2016) (PAEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No formal school432.1
1) First grade80.4
2) Second grade110.5
3) Third grade401.9
4) Fourth grade261.2
5) Fifth grade241.1
6) Sixth grade803.8
7) Seventh grade321.5
8) Eighth grade1577.5
9) Ninth grade602.9
10) 10th grade743.5
11) Eleventh grade653.1
12) Twelfth grade77437.0
13) One year of college723.4
14) Two years1477.0
15) Three years351.7
16) Four years27413.1
17) Five years281.3
18) Six years673.2
19) Seven years160.8
20) Eight years592.8
Missing3123
Total2092100.0
522) In this section, we ask about your work hours and how you are paid. When referring to jobs, we are referring to jobs for which you work for pay, not volunteer work, unpaid housework, or other unpaid activities. When we refer to work hours, we ask you to include all hours performed for a paid job, including any extra hours, overtime, work you did at home for your paid job, and hours that may not have been directly billable or compensated. Are you salaried, paid by the hour, or paid some other way? If you have more than one job, think of the job in which you spend the most hours working each week. (2016) (PAIDHOW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Salary19132.6
2) By the hour33256.7
3) Earnings from business50.9
4) Piecework20.3
5) By the job/project111.9
6) Wage plus commission91.5
7) By hour plus tips20.3
8) Mileage50.9
9) Salary & hours combination91.5
10) By day/week30.5
11) By route30.5
12) By client20.3
13) By contract50.9
20) Other71.2
Missing4629
Total586100.0
523) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Person you paid or paid you for sex. (2016) (PAIDSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes113.5
2) No30696.5
Missing4898
Total317100.0
524) Father's industry (2016) (PAIND10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22484,586.043,232.07
525) Respondent's father's occupation, 2010 Census and 2008 ISCO code (2016) (PAISCO08_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22425,286.972,982.55
526) Respondent's father's occupation, 1980 Census and 1988 ISCO Code (2016) (PAISCO88_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22425,091.983,042.80
527) What kind of work did your [father/father substitute] usually do while you were growing up? That is, what was his job called? What did he actually do? What were some of his main duties? (2016) (PAOCC10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22424,956.533,139.36
528) Father's occupational prestige score (2010) (PAPRES10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total224243.7912.98
529) Father's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (PAPRES105PLUS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total224248.1024.22
530) Were both your parents born in this country? (2016) (PARBORN_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Both born in the U.S.223878.4
1) Mother yes, father no923.2
2) Mother no, father yes842.9
3) Mother yes, father don't know50.2
4) Mother no, father don't know20.1
5) Mother don't know10.0
6) Mother don't know, father no10.0
7) Mother don't know, father don't know20.1
8) Neither born in the U.S.42915.0
Missing2361
Total2854100.0
531) Compared to your parents when they were the age you are now, do you think your own standard of living now is much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse or much worse than theirs was? (2016) (PARSOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Much better57329.7
2) Somewhat better55528.7
3) About the same46624.1
4) Somewhat worse23812.3
5) Much worse1005.2
Missing3283
Total1932100.0
532) When you worked in [the previous year], was it usually full- or part-time? (2016) (PARTFULL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Full-time147176.8
2) Part-time44523.2
Missing3299
Total1916100.0
533) How many sex partners have you had in the last 12 months? (2016) (PARTNERS_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No partners40923.2
1) One partner108561.6
2) Two partners1247.0
3) Three partners502.8
4) Four partners341.9
5) Five to 10 partners382.2
6) 11 to 20 partners110.6
7) 21 to 100 partners10.1
9) One or more, (unspecified)90.5
Missing3454
Total1761100.0
534) Now think about the past five years-the time since February/March [2016], and including the past 12 months, how many sex partners have you had in that five year period? (2016) (PARTNRS5_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No partners23813.6
1) One partner93253.3
2) Two partners1679.5
3) Three partners1196.8
4) Four partners784.5
5) Five to 10 partners1076.1
6) 11 to 20 partners402.3
7) 21 to 100 partners261.5
8) More than 100 partners20.1
9) One or more, (unspecified)402.3
Missing3466
Total1749100.0
535) Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what? (2016) (PARTYID_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Strong Democrat46316.3
1) Not very strong Democrat49617.5
2) Independent, close to Democrat40514.3
3) Independent (neither, no response)47316.7
4) Independent, close to Republican29210.3
5) Not very strong Republican36412.8
6) Strong Republican2709.5
7) Other party722.5
Missing2380
Total2835100.0
536) Respondent's father's socioeconomic index (2016) (PASEI10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total224245.6421.17
537) Percentage of some college education in PAOCC10 based on ACS2010. (2016) (PASEI10EDUC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total224250.0327.00
538) Percentage of $45K or more earners in PAOCC10 base on ACS2010. (2016) (PASEI10INC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total224247.2524.26
539) Was [your father] self-employed or did he work for someone else? (2016) (PAWRKSLF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed53823.5
2) Someone else175076.5
Missing2927
Total2288100.0
540) Subsampling: two-phase design (2016) (PHASE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Phase one - initial cases229480.0
2) Phase two - sub-sampled cases57320.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
541) Do you have a telephone? (2016) (PHONE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No phone number190.7
2) Refused phone number802.8
3) Home phone101035.2
4) Phone elsewhere863.0
6) Cell phone167258.3
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
542) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Casual date or pick-up (2016) (PIKUPSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes14144.5
2) No17655.5
Missing4898
Total317100.0
543) Do you strongly agree, agree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (2016) (PILLOK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50827.5
2) Agree61433.3
3) Disagree44023.9
4) Strongly agree28215.3
Missing3371
Total1844100.0
544) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Pinterest. (2016) (PINTERST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes48035.0
2) No89265.0
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
545) [If 'yes' to OWNGUN]: Is it a pistol, shotgun, rifle or what? Code all that apply. Pistol (2016) (PISTOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes40621.6
2) No141775.3
3) Refused603.2
Missing3332
Total1883100.0
546) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who had said vulgar and obscene things to the policeman? (2016) (POLABUSE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes19810.4
2) No171589.6
Missing3302
Total1913100.0
547) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was attacking the policeman with his fists? (2016) (POLATTAK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes164785.6
2) No27814.4
Missing3290
Total1925100.0
548) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? People like me don't have any say about what the government does (2016) (POLEFF11_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25018.3
2) Agree41330.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree26519.4
4) Disagree35525.9
5) Strongly disagree866.3
Missing3846
Total1369100.0
549) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? I feel that I have a pretty good understanding of the important political issues facing our country (2016) (POLEFF13_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18213.3
2) Agree66748.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree31022.6
4) Disagree17612.9
5) Strongly disagree342.5
Missing3846
Total1369100.0
550) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? People we elect to Congress try to keep the promises they have made during the election (2016) (POLEFF16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree362.6
2) Agree24718.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree30322.2
4) Disagree54039.5
5) Strongly disagree24017.6
Missing3849
Total1366100.0
551) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Most government administrators can be trusted to do what is best for the country (2016) (POLEFF17_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree221.6
2) Agree27019.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree39428.8
4) Disagree51237.5
5) Strongly disagree16812.3
Missing3849
Total1366100.0
552) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was attempting to escape from custody? (2016) (POLESCAP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes129068.7
2) No58931.3
Missing3336
Total1879100.0
553) Here are two options about what affects policies in America. Which of them comes closest to your view? (2016) (POLGBECO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Policies in America depend on what is happening in the world economy, rather than who is in government43832.7
2) Policies in America depend more on who is in government, rather than what is happening in the world economy90267.3
Missing3875
Total1340100.0
554) Are there any situations you can imagine in which you would approve of a policeman striking an adult male citizen? [If 'Yes' or 'Don't know', ask POLABUSE-POLATTAK] (2016) (POLHITOK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes129268.9
2) No58431.1
Missing3339
Total1876100.0
555) How interested would you say you personally are in politics? (2016) (POLINT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very interested24918.1
2) Fairly interested31322.7
3) Somewhat interested39728.8
4) Not very interested25718.7
5) Not at all interested16111.7
Missing3838
Total1377100.0
556) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was being questioned as a suspect in a murder case? (2016) (POLMURDR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes31916.8
2) No158583.2
Missing3311
Total1904100.0
557) We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal (point 1) to extremely conservative (point 7). Where would you place yourself on this scale? (2016) (POLVIEWS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely liberal1364.9
2) Liberal35012.7
3) Slightly liberal31011.2
4) Moderate, middle of the road103237.4
5) Slightly conservative38213.9
6) Conservative42615.5
7) Extremely conservative1204.4
Missing2459
Total2756100.0
558) We are interested in what American Catholics think about religious matters. Please select the answer from this card that comes closest to your own personal opinion about the following statement: Under certain conditions, the pope is infallible when he speaks on matters of faith and morals. (2016) (POPESPKS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Certainly true15524.3
2) Probably true20832.6
3) I am uncertain whether this is true or false21032.9
4) Probably false538.3
5) Certainly false132.0
Missing4576
Total639100.0
559) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To be well-liked or popular. (2016) (POPULAR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First110.6
2) Second231.2
3) Third512.6
4) Fourth37619.4
5) Fifth147376.2
Missing3281
Total1934100.0
560) Which of these statements comes closest to your feelings about pornography laws? (2016) (PORNLAW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography whatever the age61131.5
2) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography to persons under 18124464.2
3) There should be no laws forbidding the distribution of pornography834.3
Missing3277
Total1938100.0
561) Which of these statements applies to you? [CODE ONE ONLY] (2016) (POSSLQ_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I am married and living in the same household as my husband or wife57940.7
2) I am living as married and my partner and I together live in the same household1218.5
3) I have a husband or wife or steady partner, but we don't live in the same household15110.6
4) I don't have a steady partner57340.2
Missing3791
Total1424100.0
562) Which of these statements applies to you? [CODE ONE ONLY] (2016) (POSSLQY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I am married and living in the same household as my husband or wife57640.4
2) I have a steady partner, and we live in the same household14910.5
3) I have a husband or wife or steady partner, but we don't live in the same household1309.1
4) I don't have a steady partner57040.0
Missing3790
Total1425100.0
563) Do you believe there is a life after death? (2016) (POSTLIFE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes208980.7
2) No49919.3
Missing2627
Total2588100.0
564) About how often do you pray? (2016) (PRAY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Several times a day85730.2
2) Once a day82729.1
3) Several times a week30210.6
4) Once a week1716.0
5) Less than once a week2579.1
6) Never42414.9
Missing2377
Total2838100.0
565) The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this? Do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (2016) (PRAYER_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Approve75341.6
2) Disapprove105758.4
Missing3405
Total1810100.0
566) There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (2016) (PREMARSX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always wrong38921.0
2) Almost always wrong1005.4
3) Wrong only sometimes26314.2
4) Not wrong at all110159.4
Missing3362
Total1853100.0
567) Did you vote for Obama or Romney? (2016) (PRES12_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Obama108262.5
2) Romney59134.2
3) Other candidate (specify)422.4
4) Didn't vote for president150.9
Missing3485
Total1730100.0
568) Respondent's occupational prestige score (2010) (2016) (PRESTG10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total274844.1213.41
569) Respondent's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (2016) (PRESTG105PLUS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total274848.1325.55
570) Number of members six to 12 years (2016) (PRETEEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Zero household members between six to 12249787.9
1) One2298.1
2) Two863.0
3) Three230.8
4) Four60.2
Missing2374
Total2841100.0
571) Did you attend this performance alone, with one other person, or with two or more other people? (2016) (PRFMATT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Alone194.5
2) With one other person19044.6
3) With two or more other people21750.9
Missing4789
Total426100.0
572) Did any of the following go with you [to the performance]? Spouse or partner (2016) (PRFMATT1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes21953.8
2) No18846.2
Missing4808
Total407100.0
573) Did any of the following go with you [to the performance]? Child (2016) (PRFMATT2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes10525.8
2) No30274.2
Missing4808
Total407100.0
574) Did any of the following go with you [to the performance]? Friend (2016) (PRFMATT3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes18445.2
2) No22354.8
Missing4808
Total407100.0
575) Did any of the following go with you [to the performance]? Relative (2016) (PRFMATT4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes12530.7
2) No28269.3
Missing4808
Total407100.0
576) Did any of the following go with you [to the performance]? Someone else (2016) (PRFMATT5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes5112.5
2) No35687.5
Missing4808
Total407100.0
577) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Cost too much. (2016) (PRFMCOST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason19943.4
2) Not a reason26056.6
Missing4756
Total459100.0
578) You said that in the last 12 months you attended a performance. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Was this a music, dance, or theater performance? Dance (2016) (PRFMDAN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes7417.4
2) No35182.6
Missing4790
Total425100.0
579) Was the performance you attended free, or was there an admission fee? (2016) (PRFMFREE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Free8219.2
2) Admission fee34480.8
Missing4789
Total426100.0
580) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Could not find anyone to go with. (2016) (PRFMGST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason9119.9
2) Not a reason36780.1
Missing4757
Total458100.0
581) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Programs or events were not of not of interest. (2016) (PRFMINT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason316.8
2) Not a reason42893.2
Missing4756
Total459100.0
582) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Did not want to go to that location. (2016) (PRFMLOC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason388.3
2) Not a reason42091.7
Missing4757
Total458100.0
583) [For PRFMCOST-PRFMOTHR] Of these factors, which one was the most important in your decision not to attend [the performance]? (2016) (PRFMMOSTOTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Cost too much6026.8
2) Programs or events were not of interest20.9
3) Too difficult to get there3917.4
4) Could not find anyone to go with198.5
5) Could not find the time6830.4
6) Did not want to go to that location62.7
7) Work conflict31.3
8) Ill, too tired83.6
10) No childcare20.9
11) Sold out52.2
12) Forgot, didn't act in time52.2
13) Away, other conflict20.9
14) Taking care of family member10.4
20) Some other reason not shown41.8
Missing4991
Total224100.0
584) You said that in the last 12 months you attended a performance. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Was this a music, dance, or theater performance? Music (2016) (PRFMMUS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes27965.6
2) No14634.4
Missing4790
Total425100.0
585) With the exception of elementary or high school performances, did you go to a live music, theater, or dance performance, during the last 12 months? (2016) (PRFMNCE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes60541.2
2) No86458.8
Missing3746
Total1469100.0
586) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Some other reason not shown. (2016) (PRFMOTHR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason10122.1
2) Not a reason35777.9
Missing4757
Total458100.0
587) You said that in the last 12 months you attended a performance. I'd like to ask you a few questions about the last time you did this type of activity. Was this a music, dance, or theater performance? Theater (2016) (PRFMTHE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes15837.2
2) No26762.8
Missing4790
Total425100.0
588) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Could not find the time. (2016) (PRFMTIME_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason23250.5
2) Not a reason22749.5
Missing4756
Total459100.0
589) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Too difficult to get there. (2016) (PRFMTRVL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A reason12928.1
2) Not a reason33071.9
Missing4756
Total459100.0
590) People attend performances for different reasons. Was there some other major reason for your decision to attend that is not shown on the card? Please specify: (2016) (PRFMWHY0_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) School related34.0
3) Wanted to see specific show/exhibit1925.3
6) Entertainment, enjoyment, have fun1013.3
7) Religious34.0
10) Support family/friend912.0
11) Celebrate birthday, anniversary79.3
12) Night out, date1216.0
20) Miscellaneous other reasons1216.0
Missing5140
Total75100.0
591) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was low cost in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason6214.6
2) Minor reason10123.7
3) Not a reason26361.7
Missing4789
Total426100.0
592) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to experience high quality art in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason17541.1
2) Minor reason10123.7
3) Not a reason15035.2
Missing4789
Total426100.0
593) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to socialize with family or friends in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason22953.9
2) Minor reason9823.1
3) Not a reason9823.1
Missing4790
Total425100.0
594) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to learn about or celebrate your or your family's cultural heritage in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason378.7
2) Minor reason5011.7
3) Not a reason33979.6
Missing4789
Total426100.0
595) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to support a community organization or event in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason9722.8
2) Minor reason11326.5
3) Not a reason21650.7
Missing4789
Total426100.0
596) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to gain knowledge or learn something new in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason7417.4
2) Minor reason11727.5
3) Not a reason23555.2
Missing4789
Total426100.0
597) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to experience a performance at this location in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY7_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason12429.2
2) Minor reason12930.4
3) Not a reason17240.5
Missing4790
Total425100.0
598) People attend performances for different reasons. How big a reason was wanting to see a specific, individual performer in your decision to attend this performance? Was it a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason at all? (2016) (PRFMWHY8_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason23454.9
2) Minor reason6114.3
3) Not a reason13130.8
Missing4789
Total426100.0
599) People attend performances for different reasons. Was there some other major reason for your decision to attend that is not shown on the card? (2016) (PRFMWHY9_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Major reason7517.6
2) Minor reason35182.4
Missing4789
Total426100.0
600) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. Thinking about the last 12 months, have you done any of the following in order to find a job? Registered at a private employment agency? (2016) (PRIAGNCY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No27789.6
2) Yes, once or twice206.5
3) Yes, more than twice123.9
Missing4906
Total309100.0
601) On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to... Keep prices under control. (2016) (PRICECON_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be44032.4
2) Probably should be54440.1
3) Probably should not be24718.2
4) Definitely should not be1259.2
Missing3859
Total1356100.0
602) To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? I am proud to be working for my firm or organization. (2016) (PRIDEORG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33936.4
2) Agree42846.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree12613.5
4) Disagree293.1
5) Strongly disagree91.0
Missing4284
Total931100.0
603) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: Good opportunities for advancement? (2016) (PROMOTN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important72949.6
2) Important63743.3
3) Neither important nor unimportant664.5
4) Not important322.2
5) Not important at all60.4
Missing3745
Total1470100.0
604) There are many ways people or organizations can protest against a government action they strongly oppose. Please show which you think should be allowed and which should not be allowed by circling a number after each question. Organizing public meetings to protest against the government. (2016) (PROTEST1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely allowed70952.2
2) Probably allowed40129.5
3) Probably not allowed16512.1
4) Definitely not allowed846.2
Missing3856
Total1359100.0
605) There are many ways people or organizations can protest against a government action they strongly oppose. Please show which you think should be allowed and which should not be allowed by circling a number after each question. Organizing protest marches and demonstrations. (2016) (PROTEST3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely allowed68650.4
2) Probably allowed43031.6
3) Probably not allowed15311.2
4) Definitely not allowed936.8
Missing3853
Total1362100.0
606) To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? I am proud of the type of work I do. (2016) (PROUDWRK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37339.9
2) Agree42745.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree9910.6
4) Disagree272.9
5) Strongly disagree91.0
Missing4280
Total935100.0
607) People have different opinions on who should provide services in America. Who do you think should primarily provide ... Healthcare for the sick? Should it be... (2016) (PRVDHLTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government75957.3
2) Private companies/for-profit organizations29422.2
3) Non-profit organizations/charities/cooperatives16212.2
4) Religious organizations141.1
5) Family, relatives or friends967.2
Missing3890
Total1325100.0
608) People have different opinions on who should provide services in America. Who do you think should primarily provide... Care for old people? Should it be... (2016) (PRVDOLD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government68550.8
2) Private companies/for-profit organizations14710.9
3) Non-profit organizations/charities/cooperatives15011.1
4) Religious organizations70.5
5) Family, relatives or friends35926.6
Missing3867
Total1348100.0
609) People have different opinions on who should provide services in America. Who do you think should primarily provide... School education for children? Should it be... (2016) (PRVDSCHL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government107179.4
2) Private companies/for-profit organizations765.6
3) Non-profit organizations/charities/cooperatives634.7
4) Religious organizations80.6
5) Family, relatives or friends1319.7
Missing3866
Total1349100.0
610) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. Thinking about the last 12 months, have you done any of the following in order to find a job? Registered at a public employment agency? (2016) (PUBAGNCY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No27387.8
2) Yes, once or twice289.0
3) Yes, more than twice103.2
Missing4904
Total311100.0
611) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are mainly due to discrimination? (2016) (RACDIF1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes79343.7
2) No102056.3
Missing3402
Total1813100.0
612) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have less in-born ability to learn? (2016) (RACDIF2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1548.3
2) No170391.7
Missing3358
Total1857100.0
613) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) don't have the chance for education that it takes to rise out of poverty? (2016) (RACDIF3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes96152.3
2) No87847.7
Missing3376
Total1839100.0
614) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) just don't have the motivation or willpower to pull themselves up out of poverty? (2016) (RACDIF4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes78643.2
2) No103556.8
Missing3394
Total1821100.0
615) What race do you consider yourself? (2016) (RACE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White210073.2
2) Black49017.1
3) Other2779.7
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
616) What is your race? Indicate one or more races that you consider yourself to be. First mention (2016) (RACECEN1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White208873.4
2) Black or African American48717.1
3) American Indian or Alaska Native582.0
4) Asian Indian250.9
5) Chinese190.7
6) Filipino220.8
7) Japanese70.2
8) Korean30.1
9) Vietnamese40.1
10) Other Asian100.4
11) Native Hawaiian10.0
12) Guamanian or Chamorro10.0
14) Other Pacific islander20.1
15) Some other race130.5
16) Hispanic1033.6
Missing2372
Total2843100.0
617) What is your race? Indicate one or more races that you consider yourself to be. Second mention (2016) (RACECEN2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White3515.0
2) Black or African American2410.3
3) American Indian or Alaska Native14059.8
4) Asian Indian10.4
5) Chinese20.9
6) Filipino31.3
7) Japanese31.3
8) Korean31.3
9) Vietnamese10.4
10) Other Asian41.7
13) Samoan31.3
14) Other Pacific islander31.3
15) Some other race41.7
16) Hispanic83.4
Missing4981
Total234100.0
618) What is your race? Indicate one or more races that you consider yourself to be. Third mention (2016) (RACECEN3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) White616.2
2) Black or African American25.4
3) American Indian or Alaska Native2054.1
4) Asian Indian25.4
5) Chinese25.4
7) Japanese25.4
8) Korean12.7
10) Other Asian12.7
15) Some other race12.7
Missing5178
Total37100.0
619) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this ten-point system using the following choices: Asian American (2016) (RACETHAS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9590.201.29
620) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this ten-point system using the following choices: Black or African American (2016) (RACETHBL_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9591.543.39
621) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this ten-point system using the following choices: Hispanic or Latino (2016) (RACETHHI_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9591.012.83
622) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this ten-point system using the following choices: Native American or American Indian (2016) (RACETHNA_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9590.421.33
623) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this ten-point system using the following choices: Other (2016) (RACETHOT_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9590.311.52
624) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this ten-point system using the following choices: White (2016) (RACETHWH_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total9616.564.43
625) Are there any Whites/Blacks [opposite race] living in this neighborhood now? (2016) (RACLIVE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes209576.4
2) No64823.6
Missing2472
Total2743100.0
626) Suppose there is a community-wide vote on the general housing issue. There are two possible laws to vote on. One law says that a homeowner can decide for himself whom to sell his house to, even if he prefers not to sell to African Americans. The second law says that a homeowner cannot refuse to sell to someone because of their race or color. Which law would you vote for? (2016) (RACOPEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First law36519.5
2) Second law144677.4
3) Neither583.1
Missing3346
Total1869100.0
627) Are the people who work where you work all White, mostly White, about half and half, mostly Black or all Black? (2016) (RACWORK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) All White21019.3
2) Mostly White48344.5
3) About half and half34031.3
4) Mostly Black423.9
5) All Black111.0
Missing4129
Total1086100.0
628) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. All radioactivity is man-made. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (RADIOACT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True25520.9
2) False96479.1
Missing3996
Total1219100.0
629) Randomization variable for form X (2016) (RANDOM_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total14351.500.50
630) In our society there are groups which tend to be toward the top and those that are toward the bottom. Here we have a scale that runs from top to bottom. Where would you put yourself on this scale? (2016) (RANK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Top1635.8
2) 21023.7
3) 336613.1
4) 442115.1
5) 5100035.9
6) 628410.2
7) 72278.1
8) 81304.7
9) 9501.8
10) Bottom451.6
Missing2427
Total2788100.0
631) Interviewer: Please record the color from the color card that most closely corresponds to the respondent's facial coloring (2016) (RATETONE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Lightest104939.4
2) 278529.5
3) 329211.0
4) 41666.2
5) 51164.4
6) 6823.1
7) 7793.0
8) 8612.3
9) 9210.8
10) Darkest90.3
Missing2555
Total2660100.0
632) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. In my job, I have personal contact with other people. (2016) (RCONTACT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree52956.8
2) Agree34737.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree283.0
4) Disagree202.1
5) Strongly disagree80.9
Missing4283
Total932100.0
633) Family income in constant dollars (2016) (REALINC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total259632,610.1731,503.33
634) Family income in constant dollars (2016) (REALRINC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total163223,772.9229,407.37
635) Would you say you have been 'born again' or have had a 'born again' experience? That is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (2016) (REBORN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes120343.0
2) No159557.0
Missing2417
Total2798100.0
636) In what state or foreign country were you living when you were 16 years old? (2016) (REG16_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Foreign2498.7
1) New England1595.5
2) Middle Atlantic37112.9
3) East North Central55219.3
4) West North Central1856.5
5) South Atlantic43515.2
6) East South Atlantic1876.5
7) West South Central2438.5
8) Mountain1475.1
9) Pacific33911.8
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
637) Region of interview (2016) (REGION_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) New England1756.1
2) Middle Atlantic31310.9
3) East North Central50217.5
4) West North Central1936.7
5) South Atlantic55019.2
6) East South Atlantic2057.2
7) West South Central29710.4
8) Mountain2358.2
9) Pacific39713.8
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
638) How often do you take part in the activities and organizations of a church or place of worship other than attending services? (2016) (RELACTIV_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Never128645.2
2) Less than once a year1876.6
3) About once or twice a year38413.5
4) Several times a year32711.5
5) About once a month1836.4
6) Two to three times a month1625.7
7) Nearly every week692.4
8) Every week2137.5
9) Several times a week210.7
10) Once a day160.6
Missing2367
Total2848100.0
639) Relationship of first person to head of household (2016) (RELATE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Head of household2867100.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
640) Relationship of 10th person to head of household (2016) (RELATE10_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)4100.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
641) Relationship of 11th person to head of household (2016) (RELATE11_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)517.9
6) Parent/parent-in-law517.9
7) Other relative828.6
8) Non-relative1035.7
Missing5187
Total28100.0
642) Relationship of 12th person to head of household (2016) (RELATE12_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Son-/daughter-in-law120.0
7) Other relative240.0
8) Non-relative240.0
Missing5210
Total5100.0
643) Relationship of 13th person to head of household (2016) (RELATE13_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Grand/great-grandchild1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
644) Relationship of 14th person to head of household (2016) (RELATE14_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Grand/great-grandchild1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
645) Relationship of second person to head of household (2016) (RELATE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) Spouse125662.4
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)31515.6
4) Son-/daughter-in-law30.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild160.8
6) Parent/parent-in-law221.1
7) Other relative502.5
8) Non-relative35117.4
Missing3202
Total2013100.0
646) Relationship of third person to head of household (2016) (RELATE3_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)76581.0
4) Son-/daughter-in-law141.5
5) Grand/great-grandchild373.9
6) Parent/parent-in-law333.5
7) Other relative373.9
8) Non-relative596.2
Missing4270
Total945100.0
647) Relationship of fourth person to head of household (2016) (RELATE4_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)42683.4
4) Son-/daughter-in-law102.0
5) Grand/great-grandchild346.7
6) Parent/parent-in-law81.6
7) Other relative173.3
8) Non-relative163.1
Missing4704
Total511100.0
648) Relationship of fifth person to head of household (2016) (RELATE5_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)17674.9
4) Son-/daughter-in-law10.4
5) Grand/great-grandchild3012.8
6) Parent/parent-in-law31.3
7) Other relative146.0
8) Non-relative114.7
Missing4980
Total235100.0
649) Relationship of sixth person to head of household (2016) (RELATE6_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)7072.2
4) Son-/daughter-in-law22.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild1616.5
7) Other relative66.2
8) Non-relative33.1
Missing5118
Total97100.0
650) Relationship of seventh person to head of household (2016) (RELATE7_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)2875.7
5) Grand/great-grandchild718.9
7) Other relative25.4
Missing5178
Total37100.0
651) Relationship of eighth person to head of household (2016) (RELATE8_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)1376.5
5) Grand/great-grandchild317.6
7) Other relative15.9
Missing5198
Total17100.0
652) Relationship of ninth person to head of household (2016) (RELATE9_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)9100.0
Missing5206
Total9100.0
653) The last time you had sex, was it with someone you were in an on-going relationship with, or was it with someone else? Remember that by 'sex' we mean only vaginal, oral, or anal sex (2016) (RELATSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, the last time I had sex, it was with someone I was in an on-going relationship with147687.1
2) No, the last time I had sex, it was not with someone I was in an on-going relationship with21912.9
Missing3520
Total1695100.0
654) Relationship of first person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Head of household2867100.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
655) Relationship of 10th person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH10_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified250.0
41) Natural/biological child125.0
42) Adopted child125.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
656) Relationship of 11th person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH11_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified310.7
7) Parent414.3
8) Parent-in-law13.6
11) Niece or nephew310.7
12) Cousin27.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)27.1
14) Sibling-in-law13.6
17) Friend828.6
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)27.1
41) Natural/biological child27.1
Missing5187
Total28100.0
657) Relationship of 12th person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH12_1A)
 TOTAL%
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law120.0
12) Cousin120.0
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandneice, etc.)120.0
17) Friend120.0
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)120.0
Missing5210
Total5100.0
658) Relationship of 13th person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH13_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
659) Relationship of 14th person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH14_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
660) Relationship of second person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH2_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) Spouse125662.4
3) Partner, fiance(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.26913.4
4) Child, not specified23611.7
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild160.8
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law30.1
7) Parent221.1
9) Grandparent, great-grandparent20.1
10) Uncle or aunt10.0
11) Niece or nephew50.2
12) Cousin30.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)391.9
16) Roommate, housemate673.3
17) Friend140.7
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)10.0
41) Natural/biological child733.6
42) Adopted child20.1
43) Stepchild40.2
Missing3202
Total2013100.0
661) Relationship of third person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH3_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.10.1
4) Child, not specified58061.4
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild373.9
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law141.5
7) Parent181.9
8) Parent-in-law151.6
10) Uncle or aunt10.1
11) Niece or nephew141.5
12) Cousin30.3
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)70.7
14) Sibling-in-law91.0
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)30.3
16) Roommate, housemate373.9
17) Friend101.1
18) Child of non-relative50.5
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)60.6
41) Natural/biological child15015.9
42) Adopted child60.6
43) Stepchild293.1
Missing4270
Total945100.0
662) Relationship of fourth person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH4_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified32263.0
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild346.7
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law102.0
7) Parent61.2
8) Parent-in-law20.4
10) Uncle or aunt30.6
11) Niece or nephew51.0
12) Cousin10.2
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)51.0
14) Sibling-in-law10.2
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)20.4
16) Roommate, housemate102.0
17) Friend10.2
18) Child of non-relative20.4
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)30.6
41) Natural/biological child8616.8
42) Adopted child71.4
43) Stepchild112.2
Missing4704
Total511100.0
663) Relationship of fifth person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH5_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified13256.2
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild3012.8
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law10.4
7) Parent20.9
8) Parent-in-law10.4
11) Niece or nephew62.6
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)31.3
14) Sibling-in-law31.3
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)20.9
16) Roommate, housemate52.1
17) Friend10.4
18) Child of non-relative31.3
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)20.9
41) Natural/biological child3414.5
42) Adopted child20.9
43) Stepchild83.4
Missing4980
Total235100.0
664) Relationship of sixth person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH6_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified4748.5
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1616.5
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law22.1
11) Niece or nephew33.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)22.1
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)11.0
16) Roommate, housemate11.0
18) Child of non-relative22.1
41) Natural/biological child1717.5
42) Adopted child22.1
43) Stepchild44.1
Missing5118
Total97100.0
665) Relationship of seventh person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH7_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified1848.6
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild718.9
11) Niece or nephew12.7
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)12.7
41) Natural/biological child616.2
42) Adopted child25.4
43) Stepchild25.4
Missing5178
Total37100.0
666) Relationship of eighth person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH8_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified741.2
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild317.6
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)15.9
41) Natural/biological child423.5
42) Adopted child211.8
Missing5198
Total17100.0
667) Relationship of ninth person to head of household? (2016) (RELHH9_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified444.4
41) Natural/biological child444.4
42) Adopted child111.1
Missing5206
Total9100.0
668) What is (PERSON)'s relationship to (HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD)? Relationship of first person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Head of household2867100.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
669) Relationship of 10th person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD10_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild4100.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
670) Relationship of 11th person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD11_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild517.9
7) Parent414.3
8) Parent-in-law13.6
11) Niece or nephew310.7
12) Cousin27.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)27.1
14) Sibling-in-law13.6
17) Friend828.6
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)27.1
Missing5187
Total28100.0
671) Relationship of 12th person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD12_1A)
 TOTAL%
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law120.0
12) Cousin120.0
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)120.0
17) Friend120.0
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)120.0
Missing5210
Total5100.0
672) Relationship of 13th person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD13_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
673) Relationship of 14th person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD14_1A)
 TOTAL%
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
674) Relationship of second person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD2_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) Spouse125662.4
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.26913.4
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild31515.6
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild160.8
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law30.1
7) Parent221.1
9) Grandparent, great-grandparent20.1
10) Uncle or aunt10.0
11) Niece or nephew50.2
12) Cousin30.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)391.9
16) Roommate, housemate673.3
17) Friend140.7
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)10.0
Missing3202
Total2013100.0
675) Relationship of third person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD3_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.10.1
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild76581.0
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild373.9
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law141.5
7) Parent181.9
8) Parent-in-law151.6
10) Uncle or aunt10.1
11) Niece or nephew141.5
12) Cousin30.3
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)70.7
14) Sibling-in-law91.0
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)30.3
16) Roommate, housemate373.9
17) Friend101.1
18) Child of non-relative50.5
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)60.6
Missing4270
Total945100.0
676) Relationship of fourth person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD4_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild42683.4
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild346.7
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law102.0
7) Parent61.2
8) Parent-in-law20.4
10) Uncle or aunt30.6
11) Niece or nephew51.0
12) Cousin10.2
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)51.0
14) Sibling-in-law10.2
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)20.4
16) Roommate, housemate102.0
17) Friend10.2
18) Child of non-relative20.4
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)30.6
Missing4704
Total511100.0
677) Relationship of fifth person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD5_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild17674.9
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild3012.8
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law10.4
7) Parent20.9
8) Parent-in-law10.4
11) Niece or nephew62.6
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)31.3
14) Sibling-in-law31.3
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)20.9
16) Roommate, housemate52.1
17) Friend10.4
18) Child of non-relative31.3
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)20.9
Missing4980
Total235100.0
678) Relationship of sixth person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD6_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild7072.2
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1616.5
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law22.1
11) Niece or nephew33.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)22.1
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)11.0
16) Roommate, housemate11.0
18) Child of non-relative22.1
Missing5118
Total97100.0
679) Relationship of seventh person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD7_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild2875.7
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild718.9
11) Niece or nephew12.7
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)12.7
Missing5178
Total37100.0
680) Relationship of eighth person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD8_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild1376.5
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild317.6
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)15.9
Missing5198
Total17100.0
681) Relationship of ninth person to head of household, revised (2016) (RELHHD9_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild9100.0
Missing5206
Total9100.0
682) What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion? (2016) (RELIG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant138048.5
2) Catholic64922.8
3) Jewish511.8
4) None62021.8
5) Other291.0
6) Buddhism220.8
7) Hinduism130.5
8) Other Eastern religions40.1
9) Muslim/Islam190.7
10) Orthodox Christian70.2
11) Christian411.4
12) Native American40.1
13) Inter-nondenominational70.2
Missing2369
Total2846100.0
683) In what religion were you raised? (2016) (RELIG16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant151153.1
2) Catholic92332.4
3) Jewish551.9
4) None2488.7
5) Other230.8
6) Buddhism120.4
7) Hinduism130.5
9) Muslim/Islam200.7
10) Orthodox Christian100.4
11) Christian301.1
12) Native American20.1
Missing2368
Total2847100.0
684) Would you call yourself a strong [religious preference] or a not very strong [religious preference]? (2016) (RELITEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strong104836.9
2) Not very strong101535.8
3) Somewhat strong1555.5
4) No religion61921.8
Missing2378
Total2837100.0
685) To what extent do you consider yourself a religious person? Are you very religious, moderately religious, slightly religious or not religious at all? (2016) (RELPERSN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very religious46416.4
2) Moderately religious109138.5
3) Slightly religious64722.8
4) Not religious at all63122.3
Missing2382
Total2833100.0
686) Relationship of first person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP1_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) Spouse126683.2
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.25516.8
Missing3694
Total1521100.0
687) Relationship of 10th person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP10_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified266.7
42) Adopted child133.3
Missing5212
Total3100.0
688) Relationship of 11th person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP11_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified215.4
7) Parent17.7
8) Parent-in-law17.7
11) Niece or nephew215.4
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)17.7
14) Sibling-in-law17.7
16) Roommate, housemate17.7
17) Friend215.4
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)17.7
41) Natural/biological child17.7
Missing5202
Total13100.0
689) Relationship of 12th person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP12_1A)
 TOTAL%
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
690) Relationship of second person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spouse/partner of head of household1523100.0
Missing3692
Total1523100.0
691) Relationship of third person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP3_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.10.1
4) Child, not specified46263.9
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild152.1
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law30.4
7) Parent141.9
8) Parent-in-law101.4
11) Niece or nephew50.7
12) Cousin10.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)101.4
14) Sibling-in-law30.4
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)30.4
16) Roommate, housemate91.2
17) Friend71.0
18) Child of non-relative131.8
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)91.2
41) Natural/biological child11616.0
42) Adopted child71.0
43) Stepchild354.8
Missing4492
Total723100.0
692) Relationship of fourth person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP4_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.10.2
4) Child, not specified27666.0
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild102.4
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law71.7
7) Parent20.5
8) Parent-in-law41.0
11) Niece or nephew41.0
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)20.5
14) Sibling-in-law10.2
16) Roommate, housemate41.0
17) Friend30.7
18) Child of non-relative51.2
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)61.4
41) Natural/biological child7016.7
42) Adopted child61.4
43) Stepchild174.1
Missing4797
Total418100.0
693) Relationship of fifth person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP5_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified12062.5
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild157.8
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law10.5
7) Parent10.5
8) Parent-in-law10.5
11) Niece or nephew63.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)31.6
14) Sibling-in-law10.5
15) Other relative (great-aunt, grandniece, etc.)10.5
17) Friend10.5
18) Child of non-relative21.0
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)42.1
41) Natural/biological child2714.1
42) Adopted child21.0
43) Stepchild73.6
Missing5023
Total192100.0
694) Relationship of sixth person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP6_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified4555.6
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1012.3
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law11.2
10) Uncle or aunt11.2
11) Niece or nephew22.5
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)11.2
14) Sibling-in-law11.2
17) Friend11.2
18) Child of non-relative11.2
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)11.2
41) Natural/biological child1316.0
42) Adopted child22.5
43) Stepchild22.5
Missing5134
Total81100.0
695) Relationship of seventh person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP7_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified1754.8
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild412.9
11) Niece or nephew13.2
17) Friend13.2
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)13.2
41) Natural/biological child516.1
42) Adopted child26.5
Missing5184
Total31100.0
696) Relationship of eighth person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP8_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified743.8
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild212.5
14) Sibling-in-law16.3
17) Friend16.3
41) Natural/biological child318.8
42) Adopted child212.5
Missing5199
Total16100.0
697) Relationship of ninth person to spouse? (2016) (RELSP9_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) Child, not specified450.0
41) Natural/biological child337.5
42) Adopted child112.5
Missing5207
Total8100.0
698) Which of the categories on this card comes closest to the type of place you were living in when you were 16 years old? (2016) (RES16_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm30410.6
2) Farm2348.2
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)97934.2
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)49317.2
5) In a suburb near a large city41314.4
6) In a large city (over 250,000)43815.3
Missing2354
Total2861100.0
699) Number in family of respondent (2016) (RESPNUM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First person195268.1
2) Second person75526.3
3) Third person1133.9
4) Fourth person291.0
5) Fifth person40.1
6) Sixth person30.1
11) Eleventh person100.3
Missing2349
Total2866100.0
700) There are some people whose views are considered extreme by the majority. First, consider people who want to overthrow the government by revolution. Please circle a number after each question to show if you think such people should be allowed to... Publish books expressing their views. (2016) (REVPUB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely allowed71952.8
2) Probably allowed41830.7
3) Probably not allowed1329.7
4) Definitely not allowed926.8
Missing3854
Total1361100.0
701) There are some people whose views are considered extreme by the majority. First, consider people who want to overthrow the government by revolution. Please circle a number after each question to show if you think such people should be allowed to... Hold public meetings to express their views. (2016) (REVSPEAK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely allowed66949.1
2) Probably allowed37527.5
3) Probably not allowed16812.3
4) Definitely not allowed15111.1
Missing3852
Total1363100.0
702) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. My income is high. (2016) (RHIINC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree535.7
2) Agree20822.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree25927.7
4) Disagree31834.0
5) Strongly disagree9610.3
Missing4281
Total934100.0
703) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. In my job I can help other people. (2016) (RHLPOTHS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44247.4
2) Agree38140.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree707.5
4) Disagree303.2
5) Strongly disagree101.1
Missing4282
Total933100.0
704) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. My job is useful to society. (2016) (RHLPSOC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38241.0
2) Agree36639.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree12413.3
4) Disagree475.0
5) Strongly disagree121.3
Missing4284
Total931100.0
705) If you were to get enough money to live as comfortably as you would like for the rest of your life, would you continue to work or would you stop working? (2016) (RICHWORK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Continue to work86071.4
2) Stop working34428.6
Missing4011
Total1204100.0
706) [If 'yes' to OWNGUN]: Is it a pistol, shotgun, rifle or what? Code all that apply. Rifle (2016) (RIFLE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes36519.4
2) No145877.4
3) Refused603.2
Missing3332
Total1883100.0
707) In which of these groups did your earnings from all sources for [last year] fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. (2016) (RINCOM16_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total163215.196.10
708) If respondent earned any income from (OCCUPATION IN OCC) in the previous year. In which of these groups did your earnings from (OCCUPATION IN OCC) for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. (2016) (RINCOME_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000251.6
2) $1,000 to $2,999513.2
3) $3,000 to $3,999322.0
4) $4,000 to $4,999301.9
5) $5,000 to $5,999312.0
6) $6,000 to $6,999312.0
7) $7,000 to $7,999241.5
8) $8,000 to $9,999342.2
9) $10,000 to $14,999966.1
10) $15,000 to $19,9991127.1
11) $20,000 to $24,9991388.7
12) $25,000 or more97761.8
Missing3634
Total1581100.0
709) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. My job is interesting. (2016) (RINTJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32534.8
2) Agree41043.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree11011.8
4) Disagree646.9
5) Strongly disagree242.6
Missing4282
Total933100.0
710) Do any of these guns personally belong to you? (2016) (ROWNGUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes40462.8
2) No18628.9
3) Refused538.2
Missing4572
Total643100.0
711) Respondent's relationship to household head (2016) (RPLACE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Head of household195268.1
2) Spouse51918.1
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)1986.9
5) Grand/great-grandchild40.1
6) Parent/parent-in-law80.3
7) Other relative802.8
8) Non-relative1043.6
Missing2350
Total2865100.0
712) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. My opportunities for advancement are high. (2016) (RPROMOTN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree859.1
2) Agree29631.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree24426.2
4) Disagree23725.4
5) Strongly disagree717.6
Missing4282
Total933100.0
713) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. My job is secure. (2016) (RSECJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31633.8
2) Agree39242.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree12113.0
4) Disagree849.0
5) Strongly disagree212.2
Missing4281
Total934100.0
714) In general, how do you feel about your time--would you say you always feel rushed even to do things you have to do, only sometimes feel rushed, or almost never feel rushed. (2016) (RUSHED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always21522.1
2) Sometimes54255.6
3) Never21822.4
Missing4240
Total975100.0
715) Is respondent a visitor? (2016) (RVISITOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Respondent is household member285799.7
2) Respondent is visitor100.3
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
716) For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. I can work independently. (2016) (RWRKINDP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38240.9
2) Agree39041.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree707.5
4) Disagree697.4
5) Strongly disagree222.4
Missing4282
Total933100.0
717) Sampling error code (2016) (SAMPCODE_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2867632.0523.43
718) Sampling frame and method (2016) (SAMPLE_1A)
 TOTAL%
10) 2010 sample frame, full probability2867100.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
719) We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. So far as you and your family are concerned, would you say that you are pretty well satisfied with your present financial situation, more or less satisfied or not satisfied at all? (2016) (SATFIN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Pretty well satisfied81628.6
2) More or less satisfied125543.9
3) Not satisfied at all78527.5
Missing2359
Total2856100.0
720) On the whole, how satisfied are you with the work you do? Would you say you are very satisfied, moderately satisfied, a little dissatisfied or very dissatisfied? (2016) (SATJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied90050.6
2) Moderately satisfied64536.3
3) A little dissatisfied1679.4
4) Very dissatisfied673.8
Missing3436
Total1779100.0
721) Here are some things the government might do for the economy. Circle one number for each action to show whether you are in favor of it or against it. Supporting declining industries to protect jobs. (2016) (SAVEJOBS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor of25218.4
2) In favor59543.5
3) Neither in favor nor against29221.3
4) Against18913.8
5) Strongly against402.9
Missing3847
Total1368100.0
722) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Jesus Christ as his or her savior? (2016) (SAVESOUL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes127944.8
2) No157655.2
Missing2360
Total2855100.0
723) Now for another type of question. People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that, on balance, the benefits of scientific research have outweighed the harmful results, or have the harmful results of scientific research been greater than its benefits? (2016) (SCIBNFTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Benefits greater100778.5
2) About equal (if volunteered)16312.7
3) Harmful results greater1128.7
Missing3933
Total1282100.0
724) Most scientists want to work on things that will make life better for the average person. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (2016) (SCIENTBE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32223.6
2) Agree90366.3
3) Disagree1299.5
4) Strongly disagree90.7
Missing3852
Total1363100.0
725) Scientific researchers are dedicated people who work for the good of humanity. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (2016) (SCIENTGO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35025.9
2) Agree88065.0
3) Disagree1077.9
4) Strongly disagree161.2
Missing3862
Total1353100.0
726) Scientists are helping to solve challenging problems. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (2016) (SCIENTHE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37127.2
2) Agree93068.3
3) Disagree523.8
4) Strongly disagree90.7
Missing3853
Total1362100.0
727) Scientists are apt to be odd and peculiar people. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (2016) (SCIENTOD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13210.0
2) Agree58444.1
3) Disagree52039.3
4) Strongly disagree886.6
Missing3891
Total1324100.0
728) We are interested in how people get information about science and technology. Where do you get most of your information about science and technology -- newspapers, magazines, the internet, books or other printed materials, TV, radio, government agencies, family, friends, colleagues or some other source? (2016) (SCIFROM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Newspapers634.6
2) Magazines826.0
3) The internet71752.1
4) Books/other printed material443.2
5) TV36226.3
6) Radio362.6
7) Government agencies20.1
8) Family352.5
9) Friends/colleagues251.8
10) Other100.7
11) TED Talks10.1
Missing3838
Total1377100.0
729) You said you get most of your information about science and technology from newspapers. Would that be printed newspapers or online newspapers? (2016) (SCINEWS1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Printed newspapers5181.0
2) Online newspapers1015.9
3) Other (specify)23.2
Missing5152
Total63100.0
730) You said you get most of your information about science and technology from magazines. Would that be printed magazines or online magazines? (2016) (SCINEWS2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Printed magazines6984.1
2) Online magazines911.0
3) Other (specify)44.9
Missing5133
Total82100.0
731) You said you get most of your information about science and technology from the internet. What is the place you are most likely to go on the internet for science and technology information--online newspapers, online magazines or some other place on the internet? IF RESPONDENT GIVES MORE THAN ONE PLACE OR SAYS 'IT DEPENDS,' PROBE ONCE: Which site are you most likely to go on the internet for science and technology information? (2016) (SCINEWS3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Online newspapers17725.4
2) Online magazines10314.8
3) Science site426.0
4) News site456.4
6) Wikipedia71.0
7) Government site40.6
8) Social media (Facebook, YouTube, Twitter)273.9
10) Other365.2
11) Search engine (Google, Bing)25736.8
Missing4517
Total698100.0
732) Now, for a slightly different type of question. When you read news stories, you see certain sets of words and terms. We are interested in how many people recognize certain kinds of terms. First, some articles refer to the results of a scientific study. When you read or hear the term scientific study, do you have a clear understanding of what it means, a general sense of what it means or little understanding of what it means? (2016) (SCISTUDY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Clear understanding41830.6
2) General sense67649.5
3) Little understanding27119.9
Missing3850
Total1365100.0
733) In your own words, could you tell me what it means to study something scientifically? (2016) (SCITEXT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Formulation of theories, test hypotheses11911.9
2) Do experiments, control group11411.4
3) Rigorous, systematic comparison787.8
4) Measurement11611.6
5) Classification33733.8
6) Redundancies/incorrect23223.3
Missing4219
Total996100.0
734) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: Job security? (2016) (SECJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important108273.6
2) Important34523.5
3) Neither important nor unimportant241.6
4) Not important141.0
5) Not important at all50.3
Missing3745
Total1470100.0
735) If you wanted to learn about scientific issues such as global warming or biotechnology, where would you get information -- newspapers, magazines, the internet, books or other printed materials, TV, radio, government agencies, family, friends, colleagues or some other source? (2016) (SEEKSCI_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Newspapers423.1
2) Magazines453.3
3) The Internet92767.7
4) Books/other printed material1017.4
5) TV17512.8
6) Radio161.2
7) Government agencies241.8
8) Family191.4
9) Friends/colleagues110.8
10) Library100.7
Missing3845
Total1370100.0
736) Respondent's Socioeconomic Index (1980) (2016) (SEI10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total274846.3022.67
737) Percentage of some college education in OCC10 based on ACS2010. (2016) (SEI10EDUC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total274858.1626.33
738) Percentage of $45K or more earners in OCC10 base on ACS2010. (2016) (SEI10INC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total274841.6826.66
739) Which of the following statements best describes how your working hours are decided? In this question, working hours refers to the total number of hours you work each week, not the time you start and finish work each day. (2016) (SETHRS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) The total number of hours I work each week is decided by my employer with little or no input from me23440.4
2) The total number of hours I work each week is decided by my employer but with my input14424.9
3) I can decide how many hours I work each week, within certain limits11519.9
4) I am entirely free to decide how many hours I work each week488.3
5) How many hours I work a week depends on things outside of my control and outside of my employer's control386.6
Missing4636
Total579100.0
740) Respondent's sex (2016) (SEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Male127644.5
2) Female159155.5
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
741) Would you be for or against sex education in the public schools? (2016) (SEXEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Favor172292.2
2) Oppose1467.8
Missing3347
Total1868100.0
742) About how often did you have sex during the last 12 months? (2016) (SEXFREQ_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Not at all43925.6
1) Once or twice17810.4
2) Once a month21612.6
3) Two or three times a month27416.0
4) About once a week24414.3
5) Two or three times a week27115.8
6) More than three times a week905.3
Missing3503
Total1712100.0
743) Which of the following best describes you? (2016) (SEXORNT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Gay, Lesbian, or homosexual462.6
2) Bisexual563.2
3) Heterosexual or straight164194.1
Missing3472
Total1743100.0
744) Have your sex partners in the last 12 months been... (2016) (SEXSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Exclusively male69451.6
2) Both male and female261.9
3) Exclusively female62646.5
Missing3869
Total1346100.0
745) Have your sex partners in the last five years been... (2016) (SEXSEX5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Exclusively male76951.2
2) Both male and female473.1
3) Exclusively female68745.7
Missing3712
Total1503100.0
746) [If 'yes' to OWNGUN]: Is it a pistol, shotgun, rifle or what? Code all that apply. Shotgun (2016) (SHOTGUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes34618.4
2) No147778.4
3) Refused603.2
Missing3332
Total1883100.0
747) How many brothers and sisters did you have? Please count those born alive, but no longer living, as well as those alive now. Also include stepbrothers and stepsisters, and children adopted by your parents. (2016) (SIBS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28623.723.21
748) Size of place in thousands -- A four-digit number which provides actual size of place of interview. (2016) (SIZE_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2867334.331,149.63
749) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. Thinking about the last 12 months, have you had any training to improve your job skills? (2016) (SKLTRAIN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes5116.5
2) No25983.5
Missing4905
Total310100.0
750) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Snapchat. (2016) (SNAPCHAT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes31122.7
2) No106177.3
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
751) Which social network did you join first? (2016) (SNSMFRST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Twitter292.9
2) Facebook68869.8
3) Instagram212.1
4) LinkedIn585.9
5) Snapchat151.5
6) Tumblr40.4
7) WhatsApp60.6
8) Google+909.1
9) Pinterest313.1
10) Flickr40.4
12) Classmates161.6
13) YouTube70.7
18) Plenty of Fish20.2
19) Kik10.1
24) Online dating sites10.1
30) Online gaming10.1
31) Yahoo20.2
32) Other social networks40.4
33) Not a social network60.6
Missing4229
Total986100.0
752) Which social network did you join most recently? (2016) (SNSMNEW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Twitter575.8
2) Facebook14714.9
3) Instagram12312.4
4) LinkedIn10010.1
5) Snapchat18618.8
6) Tumblr181.8
7) WhatsApp495.0
8) Google+676.8
9) Pinterest16616.8
10) Flickr40.4
11) Vine131.3
12) Classmates131.3
13) YouTube50.5
16) Viber10.1
18) Plenty of Fish20.2
19) Kik30.3
24) Online dating sites60.6
25) Spotify10.1
27) Tinder10.1
30) Online gaming30.3
31) Yahoo10.1
32) Other social networks90.9
33) Not a social network141.4
Missing4226
Total989100.0
753) Are there any other social networking or social media sites that you a member or regular user of? First other social network mentioned. (2016) (SNSMOT2A_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) YouTube2214.2
2) Myspace53.2
3) Reddit159.7
4) Viber63.9
5) Line21.3
6) Plenty of Fish63.9
7) Kik42.6
8) Ravelry10.6
9) WeChat21.3
11) Imo21.3
12) Online dating sites63.9
13) Spotify10.6
14) GroupMe31.9
15) Tinder21.3
16) Hangouts10.6
17) ResearchGate21.3
18) Online gaming85.2
19) Yahoo63.9
30) Other social networks2214.2
40) Not a social network3925.2
Missing5060
Total155100.0
754) Are there any other social networking or social media sites that you a member or regular user of? Second other social network mentioned. (2016) (SNSMOT2B_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) YouTube38.6
3) Reddit25.7
4) Viber12.9
5) Line12.9
8) Ravelry12.9
12) Online dating sites25.7
13) Spotify12.9
16) Hangouts12.9
18) Online gaming38.6
19) Yahoo12.9
30) Other social networks720.0
40) Not a social network1234.3
Missing5180
Total35100.0
755) Are there any other social networking or social media sites that you a member or regular user of? Third other social network mentioned. (2016) (SNSMOT2C_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) YouTube110.0
4) Viber110.0
7) Kik110.0
16) Hangouts110.0
30) Other social networks220.0
40) Not a social network440.0
Missing5205
Total10100.0
756) Are there any other social networking or social media sites that you a member or regular user of? (2016) (SNSMOTH11_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes16512.0
2) No120988.0
Missing3841
Total1374100.0
757) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: go to a bar or tavern? (2016) (SOCBAR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost daily160.8
2) Once or twice a week1186.3
3) Several times a month1548.2
4) About once a month22111.7
5) Several times a year25413.5
6) About once a year27114.4
7) Never85245.2
Missing3329
Total1886100.0
758) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: spend a social evening with friends who live outside your neighborhood? (2016) (SOCFREND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost daily703.7
2) Once or twice a week27614.6
3) Several times a month40721.6
4) About once a month44823.8
5) Several times a year35018.6
6) About once a year1688.9
7) Never1678.9
Missing3329
Total1886100.0
759) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: spend a social evening with someone who lives in your neighborhood? (2016) (SOCOMMUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost daily1025.4
2) Once or twice a week28114.9
3) Several times a month21611.5
4) About once a month29515.6
5) Several times a year21711.5
6) About once a year1648.7
7) Never61132.4
Missing3329
Total1886100.0
760) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: spend a social evening with relatives? (2016) (SOCREL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost daily26013.8
2) Once or twice a week44623.7
3) Several times a month35718.9
4) About once a month32117.0
5) Several times a year29715.8
6) About once a year1226.5
7) Never814.3
Missing3331
Total1884100.0
761) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. How long does it take for the earth to go around the sun: one day, one month or one year? (Is that true or false?) (2016) (SOLARREV_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One day21022.5
2) One month222.4
3) One year70275.2
Missing4281
Total934100.0
762) Interview conducted in Spanish or English (2016) (SPANENG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) English277396.7
2) Spanish943.3
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
763) Before 2006, the GSS was only administered in English. Those without enough English to do the interview were excluded as out-of-scope, language problems. In 2006, a Spanish version of the GSS was added. If there had been no Spanish version available in 2006, could this respondent have been interviewed in English or do you think (s/he) would have been excluded as a language problem? (2016) (SPANINT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Could have been interviewed in English44.5
2) Would have been excluded as language problem8495.5
Missing5127
Total88100.0
764) Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree that it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard, spanking? (2016) (SPANKING_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45724.5
2) Agree81743.8
3) Disagree44023.6
4) Strongly disagree1528.1
Missing3349
Total1866100.0
765) If this interview had only been available in English, would you have been able to do the interview easily in English, have been able to do the interview with difficulty or not have been able to do the interview? (2016) (SPANSELF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Have been able to do the interview easily in English55.4
2) Have been able to do the interview with difficulty2325.0
3) Not have been able to do the interview6469.6
Missing5123
Total92100.0
766) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. The military and defense. (2016) (SPARMS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more18413.5
2) Spend more42130.8
3) Spend same47935.0
4) Spend less19614.3
5) Spend much less876.4
Missing3848
Total1367100.0
767) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. Culture and the arts. (2016) (SPARTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more392.9
2) Spend more25418.7
3) Spend same65348.1
4) Spend less32824.2
5) Spend much less846.2
Missing3857
Total1358100.0
768) Does [your spouse] have any college degrees? (If yes: what degree or degrees?) Code highest degree earned (2016) (SPDEG_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school1139.4
1) High school57848.0
2) Associate/junior college897.4
3) Bachelor's26121.7
4) Graduate16313.5
Missing4011
Total1204100.0
769) What is your spouse's religious preference? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that, if any? (2016) (SPDEN_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total56942.8722.51
770) Was that a diploma awarded by (RESPONDENT'S SPOUSE)'s high school at graduation at the end of 12th grade, a GED awarded after (RESPONDENT'S SPOUSE) took a test, or something else? (2016) (SPDIPGED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) High school diploma98590.5
2) GED968.8
3) Other70.6
Missing4127
Total1088100.0
771) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your husband/wife finished and got credit for? (2016) (SPEDUC_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling20.2
3) Third grade30.3
4) Fourth grade10.1
5) Fifth grade40.3
6) Sixth grade131.1
7) Seventh grade30.3
8) Eighth grade151.3
9) Ninth grade181.5
10) 10th grade302.5
11) 11th grade302.5
12) 12th grade38932.6
13) One year of college857.1
14) Two years13611.4
15) Three years383.2
16) Four years23119.3
17) Five years373.1
18) Six years947.9
19) Seven years312.6
20) Eight years352.9
Missing4020
Total1195100.0
772) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. The environment. (2016) (SPENVIRO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more14610.7
2) Spend more50837.1
3) Spend same51037.3
4) Spend less17212.6
5) Spend much less322.3
Missing3847
Total1368100.0
773) If retired, in school, keeping house, or other: Did [your spouse] ever work for as long as one year? (2016) (SPEVWORK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes36690.8
2) No379.2
Missing4812
Total403100.0
774) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion of spouse (2016) (SPFUND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist27624.6
2) Moderate51545.8
3) Liberal33329.6
Missing4091
Total1124100.0
775) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. Health. (2016) (SPHLTH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more24017.5
2) Spend more68149.8
3) Spend same30922.6
4) Spend less1128.2
5) Spend much less261.9
Missing3847
Total1368100.0
776) If working, full- or part-time: How many hours did (he/she) work last week, at all jobs? (2016) (SPHRS1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total74342.7613.41
777) If with a job, but not at work: How many hours a week does (he/she) work last week, at all jobs? (2016) (SPHRS2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2241.686.99
778) Spouse's industry code from the NAICS 2007 (2016) (SPIND10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11496,259.142,763.26
779) Respondent's spouse's occupation, 2010 Census and 2008 ISCO code (2016) (SPISCO08_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11444,433.742,545.33
780) Respondent's spouse's occupation, 1980 Census and 1988 ISCO Code (2016) (SPISO88_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11444,201.932,571.93
781) If Jewish: Does [your spouse] consider herself/himself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (2016) (SPJEW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Orthodox14.0
2) Conservative728.0
3) Reform728.0
4) None of these936.0
5) Other14.0
Missing5190
Total25100.0
782) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your city/town/community against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak or not? (2016) (SPKATH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak149379.8
2) Not allowed37820.2
Missing3344
Total1871100.0
783) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose this admitted communist wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak or not? (2016) (SPKCOM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak130071.3
2) Not allowed52328.7
Missing3392
Total1823100.0
784) What about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Suppose this admitted homosexual wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak or not? (2016) (SPKHOMO_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak166789.5
2) Not allowed19510.5
Missing3353
Total1862100.0
785) How well do you speak that language? (2016) (SPKLANG_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very well29636.5
2) Well20725.5
3) Not well20325.0
4) Poorly/hardly at all10512.9
Missing4404
Total811100.0
786) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community, should he be allowed to speak or not? (2016) (SPKMIL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak135672.9
2) Not allowed50527.1
Missing3354
Total1861100.0
787) Now consider a Muslim clergyman who preaches hatred of the United States. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community preaching hatred of the United States, should he be allowed to speak or not? (2016) (SPKMSLM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak82544.5
2) Not allowed103155.5
Missing3359
Total1856100.0
788) Consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community claiming that Blacks are inferior, should he be allowed to speak or not? (2016) (SPKRAC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak113661.0
2) Not allowed72739.0
Missing3352
Total1863100.0
789) Spouse's occupation code from the 2010 Census Occupational Classification system (2016) (SPOCC10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11444,175.752,684.65
790) Spouse - other Protestant denomination (2016) (SPOTHER_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total14056.5428.64
791) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. The police and law enforcement. (2016) (SPPOLICE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more15010.9
2) Spend more54539.8
3) Spend same53739.2
4) Spend less1178.5
5) Spend much less211.5
Missing3845
Total1370100.0
792) Spouse occupational prestige score (2010) (2016) (SPPRES10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total114445.7613.57
793) Spouse occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (2016) (SPPRES105PLUS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total114451.6125.77
794) What is your (spouse's) religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion? (2016) (SPREL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant55246.5
2) Catholic31626.6
3) Jewish252.1
4) None21317.9
5) Other110.9
6) Buddhism50.4
7) Hinduism110.9
8) Other Eastern religions50.4
9) Muslim/Islam100.8
10) Orthodox Christian50.4
11) Christian292.4
12) Native American30.3
13) Inter-nondenominational30.3
Missing4027
Total1188100.0
795) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. Retirement benefits. (2016) (SPRETIRE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more23917.5
2) Spend more60344.2
3) Spend same44032.3
4) Spend less654.8
5) Spend much less161.2
Missing3852
Total1363100.0
796) To what extent do you consider yourself a spiritual person? Are you very spiritual, moderately spiritual, slightly spiritual or not spiritual at all? (2016) (SPRTPRSN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very spiritual83329.4
2) Moderately spiritual106837.7
3) Slightly spiritual64522.8
4) Not spiritual at all28410.0
Missing2385
Total2830100.0
797) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. Education. (2016) (SPSCHOOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more42731.1
2) Spend more65047.3
3) Spend same24317.7
4) Spend less392.8
5) Spend much less141.0
Missing3842
Total1373100.0
798) Respondent's spouse's socioeconomic index (2010) (2016) (SPSEI10_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total114450.0422.91
799) Percentage of some college education in SPOCC10 based on ACS2010 (2016) (SPSEI10EDUC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total114460.7427.24
800) Percentage of $45K or more earners in SPOCC10 base on ACS2010 (2016) (SPSEI10INC_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total114446.9326.37
801) Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please indicate whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Remember that if you say 'much more,' it might require a tax increase to pay for it. Unemployment benefits (2016) (SPUNEMP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Spend much more977.1
2) Spend more32523.9
3) Spend same63947.0
4) Spend less25718.9
5) Spend much less413.0
Missing3856
Total1359100.0
802) Is/was your spouse self-employed or does/did they work for someone else? (2016) (SPWRKSLF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed14912.8
2) Someone else101587.2
Missing4051
Total1164100.0
803) Last week was your (wife/husband) working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (2016) (SPWRKSTA_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Working full time65854.7
2) Working part time968.0
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, strike231.9
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work231.9
5) Retired22218.5
6) In school110.9
7) Keeping house14612.1
8) Other242.0
Missing4012
Total1203100.0
804) SRC (Survey Research Center, University of Michigan) new belt code (2016) (SRCBELT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Central city of 12 largest SMSAs2619.1
2) Central city of the remainder of the 100 largest SMSAs43215.1
3) Suburbs of 12 largest SMSAs37112.9
4) Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest SMSAs54018.8
5) Other urban (counties having towns of 10,000 or more)95133.2
6) Other rural (counties having no towns of 10,000 or more)31210.9
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
805) To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? I would turn down another job that offered quite a bit more pay in order to stay with this organization. (2016) (STAYORG3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10811.7
2) Agree14615.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree19020.5
4) Disagree28230.4
5) Strongly disagree20121.7
Missing4288
Total927100.0
806) Suppose the government suspected that a terrorist act was about to happen. Do you think the authorities should have the right to... stop and search people in the street randomly? (2016) (STOPRNDM_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right19614.4
2) Probably should have the right25818.9
3) Probably should not have the right37027.2
4) Definitely should not have the right53839.5
Missing3853
Total1362100.0
807) Now some more questions about your working conditions. Please circle one code for each item below to show how often it applies to your work. How often: Do you find your work stressful? (2016) (STRESS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always9610.3
2) Often20722.2
3) Sometimes46750.1
4) Hardly ever13013.9
5) Never323.4
Missing4283
Total932100.0
808) During the past two weeks, would you say that you experienced a lot of stress, a moderate amount of stress, relatively little stress, or almost no stress at all? (2016) (STRESSWK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A lot of stress11023.2
2) A moderate amount of stress17136.0
3) Relatively little stress12927.2
4) Almost no stress at all6513.7
Missing4740
Total475100.0
809) How much do you agree or disagree with this statements? Workers need strong trade unions to protect their interests. (2016) (STRNGUN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28519.6
2) Agree44130.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree39827.4
4) Disagree23416.1
5) Strongly disagree946.5
Missing3763
Total1452100.0
810) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has an incurable disease? (2016) (SUICIDE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes119865.5
2) No63034.5
Missing3387
Total1828100.0
811) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has gone bankrupt? (2016) (SUICIDE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes21911.7
2) No165088.3
Missing3346
Total1869100.0
812) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has dishonored his or her family? (2016) (SUICIDE3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes19310.4
2) No167189.6
Missing3351
Total1864100.0
813) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person is tired of living and ready to die? (2016) (SUICIDE4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes37320.2
2) No147079.8
Missing3372
Total1843100.0
814) Thinking about the person you knew best that died by suicide, please tell me the letter of the category on the card which most clearly describes your relationship to that person? How close were you to closest suicide victim? On a scale of one to five how close did you feel to that person at the time of his or her death? Use one for not close at all and five for very close. (2016) (SUICLSE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not close at all14419.2
2) 212917.2
3) 321028.0
4) 413618.2
5) Very close13017.4
Missing4466
Total749100.0
815) Please tell me the relationship category of the person you knew second best that died by suicide. On a scale of one to five how close did you feel to that person at the time of his or her death? Use one for not close at all and five for very close. (2016) (SUICLSE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not close at all12529.9
2) 29723.2
3) 311026.3
4) 44711.2
5) Very close399.3
Missing4797
Total418100.0
816) Thinking about the person you knew best that died by suicide, please tell me the letter of the category on the card which most clearly describes your relationship to that person? How many months? (2016) (SUIMTHS1_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than one22130.2
1) 1141.9
2) 2192.6
3) 360.8
4) 4111.5
5) 5111.5
6) 6304.1
7) 750.7
8) 830.4
9) 950.7
10) 1040.5
11) 1191.2
97) No month given39553.9
Missing4482
Total733100.0
817) Please tell me the relationship category of the person you knew second best that died by suicide.] How many months has it been since that person's death? (2016) (SUIMTHS2_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than one12932.2
1) 151.2
2) 230.7
3) 3112.7
4) 430.7
5) 530.7
6) 6153.7
7) 720.5
8) 810.2
9) 920.5
10) 1010.2
11) 1120.5
97) No month given22455.9
Missing4814
Total401100.0
818) Thinking about the person you knew best that died by suicide, please tell me the letter of the category on the card which most clearly describes your relationship to that person? Was that person's death emotionally distressing to you? (2016) (SUINEG1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, greatly25934.5
2) Yes, to some extent25734.3
3) Yes, but not much11315.1
4) No10313.7
5) Not sure182.4
Missing4465
Total750100.0
819) Please tell me the relationship category of the person you knew second best that died by suicide.] Was that person's death emotionally distressing to you? (2016) (SUINEG2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, greatly8520.3
2) Yes, to some extent13833.0
3) Yes, but not much10224.4
4) No8420.1
5) Not sure92.2
Missing4797
Total418100.0
820) The next questions deal with a difficult topic that may be sensitive for you. It is not clearly understood how a relative or friend's death by suicide may affect one's life afterwards. Please answer these questions as best as you can, and you can decline to answer any question if you are uncomfortable. Over your lifetime how many people have you known personally that died by suicide? Please tell us the total number of people that died by suicide. (2016) (SUINUM_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) 068147.6
1) 133223.2
2) 221515.0
3) 31007.0
4) 4362.5
5) 5251.7
6) 6151.0
7) 770.5
8) 840.3
10) 1090.6
12) 1210.1
20) 2010.1
21) 2110.1
50) 5010.1
70) 7010.1
95) One or more, number unknown30.2
Missing3783
Total1432100.0
821) Have you known personally two or more people, one person, or no people that died by suicide over your lifetime? (2016) (SUINUM1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) One person350.0
3) No people350.0
Missing5209
Total6100.0
822) Thinking about the person you knew best that died by suicide, please tell me the letter of the category on the card which most clearly describes your relationship to that person? (2016) (SUIREL1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Husband or wife20.3
2) Partner or lover70.9
3) Son or daughter50.7
4) Mother or father152.0
5) Brother or sister162.1
6) Step-brother or step-sister50.7
7) Step-parent40.5
8) Step-son or step-daughter30.4
9) Cousin608.0
10) Other relative12316.4
11) Friend30140.1
12) Neighbor283.7
13) Co-worker405.3
14) Patient50.7
15) Acquaintance9712.9
16) Ex-spouse or ex-partner91.2
18) Classmate81.1
19) Relative of a friend81.1
20) Student40.5
21) Friend of a friend30.4
30) Other81.1
Missing4464
Total751100.0
823) Please tell me the relationship category of the person you knew second best that died by suicide. (2016) (SUIREL2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Husband or wife10.2
2) Partner or lover41.0
3) Son or daughter10.2
4) Mother or father20.5
7) Step-parent10.2
9) Cousin286.7
10) Other relative6415.3
11) Friend16138.6
12) Neighbor153.6
13) Co-worker225.3
14) Patient61.4
15) Acquaintance8420.1
16) Ex-spouse or ex-partner20.5
18) Classmate20.5
19) Relative of a friend30.7
20) Student41.0
21) Friend of a friend61.4
30) Other112.6
Missing4798
Total417100.0
824) Thinking about the person you knew best that died by suicide, please tell me the letter of the category on the card which most clearly describes your relationship to that person?] How many months and years has it been since that person's death? (2016) (SUITIME1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Respondent provides number of months or years70094.3
2) Respondent provides verbatim response uncodable in months/years425.7
Missing4473
Total742100.0
825) Please tell me the relationship category of the person you knew second best that died by suicide. How many months and years has it been since that person's death? (2016) (SUITIME2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Respondent provides number of months or years38494.3
2) Respondent provides verbatim response uncodable in months/years235.7
Missing4808
Total407100.0
826) [Thinking about the person you knew best that died by suicide, please tell me the letter of the category on the card which most clearly describes your relationship to that person?] How many years? (2016) (SUIYRS1_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total73213.9413.83
827) [Please tell me the relationship category of the person you knew second best that died by suicide.] How many years has it been since that person's death? (2016) (SUIYRS_2_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total39813.6312.15
828) Suppose the government suspected that a terrorist act was about to happen. Do you think the authorities should have the right to... tap people's telephone conversations? (2016) (TAPPHONE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right30922.7
2) Probably should have the right38928.6
3) Probably should not have the right28521.0
4) Definitely should not have right37727.7
Missing3855
Total1360100.0
829) Do you consider the amount of federal income tax which you have to pay as too high, about right or too low? (2016) (TAX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Too high101155.2
2) About right77442.2
3) Too low482.6
Missing3382
Total1833100.0
830) In general, how often do you think that the tax authorities in America do the following? Treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society? (Would you say...) (2016) (TAXBYLAW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost always38529.0
2) Often26820.2
3) Sometimes46434.9
4) Almost never21216.0
Missing3886
Total1329100.0
831) Generally, how would you describe taxes in America today... We mean all taxes together, including social security, income tax, sales tax, and all the rest. Next, for those with middle incomes, are taxes... (2016) (TAXMID_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Much too high15011.1
2) Too high58042.9
3) About right55741.2
4) Too low604.4
5) Much too low60.4
Missing3862
Total1353100.0
832) In general, how often do you think that the tax authorities in America do the following? Make sure people pay their taxes? Would you say... (2016) (TAXPAID_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost always73354.3
2) Often29922.2
3) Sometimes26119.3
4) Almost never564.2
Missing3866
Total1349100.0
833) Generally, how would you describe taxes in America today... We mean all taxes together, including social security, income tax, sales tax, and all the rest. Lastly, for those with low incomes, are taxes... (2016) (TAXPOOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Much too high31323.2
2) Too high50137.1
3) About right42431.4
4) Too low816.0
5) Much too low302.2
Missing3866
Total1349100.0
834) Generally, how would you describe taxes in America today... We mean all taxes together, including social security, income tax, sales tax, and all the rest. First, for those with high incomes, are taxes... (2016) (TAXRICH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Much too high1047.8
2) Too high21015.7
3) About right32624.4
4) Too low48236.1
5) Much too low21215.9
Missing3881
Total1334100.0
835) Number of members 13 to 17 years old (2016) (TEENS_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Zero household members between 13 to 17252088.4
1) 12378.3
2) 2762.7
3) 3140.5
4) 430.1
Missing2365
Total2850100.0
836) There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If [a man and a woman] are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old, in that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (2016) (TEENSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always wrong114561.4
2) Almost always wrong30916.6
3) Wrong only sometimes23112.4
4) Not wrong at all1819.7
Missing3349
Total1866100.0
837) In general, do you think that a rise in the world's temperature caused by the 'greenhouse effect', is... (2016) (TEMPGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous24628.3
2) Very dangerous24027.6
3) Somewhat dangerous24728.4
4) Not very dangerous9811.3
5) Not dangerous at all384.4
Missing4346
Total869100.0
838) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In order to get a job I would be willing... To accept temporary employment. (2016) (TEMPWORK_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4113.3
2) Agree18459.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree3411.0
4) Disagree3511.3
5) Strongly disagree154.9
Missing4906
Total309100.0
839) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To think for himself or herself. (2016) (THNKSELF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First81742.2
2) Second34818.0
3) Third34517.8
4) Fourth33517.3
5) Fifth894.6
Missing3281
Total1934100.0
840) How difficult would it be for you to take an hour or two off during working hours, to take care of personal or family matters? (2016) (TIMEOFF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Not difficult at all39742.6
2) Not too difficult28931.0
3) Somewhat difficult14415.4
4) Very difficult10311.0
Missing4282
Total933100.0
841) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Science makes our way of life change too fast. (2016) (TOOFAST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16211.9
2) Agree55240.6
3) Disagree54139.8
4) Strongly disagree1067.8
Missing3854
Total1361100.0
842) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (2016) (TRUST_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Can be trusted62332.0
2) Can't be too careful124463.9
3) Depends794.1
Missing3269
Total1946100.0
843) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Tumblr. (2016) (TUMBLR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes695.0
2) No130395.0
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
844) On the average day, about how many hours do you personally watch television? (2016) (TVHOURS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18833.032.81
845) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Twitter. (2016) (TWITTER_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes25518.6
2) No111781.4
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
846) At any time during the last 10 years, have you been unemployed and looking for work for as long as a month? (2016) (UNEMP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes71536.6
2) No123663.4
Missing3264
Total1951100.0
847) Do you or your spouse belong to a labor union? (2016) (UNION_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent belongs1568.0
2) Yes, spouse or partner belongs663.4
3) Yes, both belong140.7
4) No, neither belong171187.9
Missing3268
Total1947100.0
848) Does respondent or spouse or partner belong to a labor union? (2016) (UNION1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent belongs1537.9
2) Yes, spouse or partner belongs753.9
3) Yes, both belong170.9
4) No, neither belong170287.4
Missing3268
Total1947100.0
849) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Strong trade unions are bad for America's economy. (2016) (UNIONSBD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree634.4
2) Agree20414.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree53237.2
4) Disagree47233.0
5) Strongly disagree15811.1
Missing3786
Total1429100.0
850) How many persons in the household are not related to you in any way? (2016) (UNRELAT_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Zero158786.4
1) One1759.5
2) Two532.9
3) Three160.9
4) Four50.3
5) Five10.1
Missing3378
Total1837100.0
851) Now we would like to ask you about U.S. citizenship. Are you...? (2016) (USCITZN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A U.S. citizen18052.2
2) Not a U.S. citizen14842.9
3) A U.S. Citizen born in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the northern Marianas Islands (if volunteered)82.3
4) Born outside of the U.S. to parents who were U.S. citizens92.6
Missing4870
Total345100.0
852) How much of your past work experience and/or job skills can you make use of in your present job? (2016) (USESKILL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Almost none899.6
2) A little18119.5
3) A lot24226.0
4) Almost all41844.9
Missing4285
Total930100.0
853) Other than for email, do you ever use the internet or World Wide Web? (2016) (USEWWW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes15869.3
2) No7030.7
Missing4987
Total228100.0
854) In this section, we ask about your work hours and how you are paid. When referring to jobs, we are referring to jobs for which you work for pay, not volunteer work, unpaid housework, or other unpaid activities. When we refer to work hours, we ask you to include all hours performed for a paid job, including any extra hours, overtime, work you did at home for your paid job, and hours that may not have been directly billable or compensated. How many hours a week do you usually work, at all paid jobs? (2016) (USUALHRS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total57540.7113.34
855) Do you expect the United States to fight in another war within the next 10 years? (2016) (USWAR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes75180.1
2) No18619.9
Missing4278
Total937100.0
856) Do you expect the United States to fight in another world war within the next 10 years? (2016) (USWARY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes51359.3
2) No35240.7
Missing4350
Total865100.0
857) All systems of justice make mistakes, but which do you think is worse? To convict an innocent person or to let a guilty person go free? (2016) (VERDICT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Convict an innocent person103678.1
2) Let a guilty person go free29121.9
Missing3888
Total1327100.0
858) Version of questionnaire administered (2016) (VERSION_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Version 191131.8
2) Version 297734.1
3) Version 397934.1
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
859) Have you ever been on active duty for military training or service for two consecutive months or more? If yes: What was your total time on active duty? (2016) (VETYEARS_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No active duty255789.4
1) Yes, less than two years602.1
2) Yes, two to four years1324.6
3) Yes, More than four years1113.9
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
860) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? Vine. (2016) (VINE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes584.2
2) No131495.8
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
861) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Antibiotics kill viruses as well as bacteria. (Is that true or false?) (2016) (VIRUSES_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) True58545.1
2) False71254.9
Missing3918
Total1297100.0
862) Number of visitors in household (2016) (VISITORS_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) No visitors283999.0
1) One visitor230.8
2) Two visitors30.1
3) Three visitors10.0
4) Four visitors10.0
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
863) A natural history museum. How many times did you visit a natural history museum during the last year? (2016) (VISNHIST_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13830.572.34
864) A science or technology museum. How many times did you visit a science or technology museum during the last year? (2016) (VISSCI_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13850.481.78
865) A zoo or aquarium. How many times did you visit a zoo or aquarium during the last year? (2016) (VISZOO_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13850.942.25
866) Besides attending college for credit, did you complete any courses for credit at an institution such as a business college, technical or vocational school? (2016) (VOEDCOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes52231.7
2) No112668.3
Missing3567
Total1648100.0
867) Did you complete any courses for credit at an institution such as a business college, technical, or vocational school? (2016) (VOEDNCOL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes35032.2
2) No73867.8
Missing4127
Total1088100.0
868) If yes to VOEDCOL: What institution was that? (2016) (VOEDNME1_1A)
 TOTAL%
2) High school102.0
3) Company/business81.6
4) Vocational school/trades/technical (not high school, not college)6512.8
5) Secretariat school40.8
6) Adult education/school10.2
7) Medical/nursing/health/dental/hospital244.7
8) Union20.4
9) Armed forces142.8
10) College/university23646.5
11) Art/design20.4
12) Business college (not business school at a university)122.4
13) Home study/correspondence20.4
14) Job corp61.2
15) Beauty school/cosmetology183.6
16) Insurance, real estate, finance, executive management193.7
17) Police/fire academy; training71.4
18) Development center10.2
19) Career center40.8
20) Foreign college/university122.4
30) Other305.9
40) Unable to code response, unclear, not identifiable305.9
Missing4708
Total507100.0
869) If yes to VOEDNCOL: What institution was that? (2016) (VOEDNME2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Jail/prison10.3
2) High school185.3
3) Company/business92.7
4) Vocational school/trades/technical (not high school, not college)5115.0
5) Secretariat school30.9
7) Medical/nursing/health/dental/hospital133.8
8) Union61.8
9) Armed forces123.5
10) College/university15545.7
11) Art/design10.3
12) Business college (not business school at a university)92.7
13) Home study/correspondence20.6
14) Job corp41.2
15) Beauty school/cosmetology236.8
16) Insurance, real estate, finance, executive management41.2
17) Police/fire academy; training20.6
19) Career center20.6
20) Foreign college/university41.2
30) Other10.3
40) Unable to code response, unclear, not identifiable195.6
Missing4876
Total339100.0
870) In 2012, you remember that Obama ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Romney for the Republicans. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? (2016) (VOTE12_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Voted180964.4
2) Did not vote80028.5
3) Ineligible2017.2
Missing2405
Total2810100.0
871) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. Thinking about the last 12 months, have you done any of the following in order to find a job? Answered advertisements for jobs? (2016) (WANTADS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) No23575.6
2) Yes, once or twice4414.1
3) Yes, more than twice3210.3
Missing4904
Total311100.0
872) Suppose you could decide on your work situation at present. Which of the following would you prefer? (2016) (WANTJOB1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A full-time job92163.2
2) A part-time job31821.8
3) A job with less than 10 hours a week674.6
4) No paid job at all15210.4
Missing3757
Total1458100.0
873) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. Would you like to have a paid job, either now or in the future (2016) (WANTJOB2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes30359.4
2) No20740.6
Missing4705
Total510100.0
874) In general, do you think that pollution of America's rivers, lakes, and streams is... (2016) (WATERGEN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous38242.6
2) Very dangerous32836.6
3) Somewhat dangerous15917.7
4) Not very dangerous222.5
5) Not dangerous at all60.7
Missing4318
Total897100.0
875) Do you have access to the internet or World Wide Web in your home through an internet-enabled mobile device like a smart phone, PDA or BlackBerry? (2016) (WEBMOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes14839.7
2) No22560.3
Missing4842
Total373100.0
876) Now I'd like to ask you about last year. How many weeks did you work either full-time or part-time not counting work around the house? (Include paid vacations and sick leave.) (2016) (WEEKSWRK_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total282330.7323.37
877) Which of the following social networking or social media sites are you a member or regular user of? WhatsApp. (2016) (WHATSAPP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes17813.0
2) No119487.0
Missing3843
Total1372100.0
878) In what year did you receive [college name] degree? (2016) (WHENCOL_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total10591,995.1315.90
879) In what year did you receive your high school degree? (2016) (WHENHS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5761,989.5718.01
880) Where is the first person staying? (2016) (WHERE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Another household425.0
2) Traveling637.5
3) Institution318.8
4) Other, don't know318.8
Missing5199
Total16100.0
881) Where is the 11th person staying? (2016) (WHERE11_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Another household2100.0
Missing5213
Total2100.0
882) Where is the 13th person staying? (2016) (WHERE13_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Institution1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
883) Where is the second person staying? (2016) (WHERE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Another household1435.0
2) Traveling1640.0
3) Institution922.5
4) Other, don't know12.5
Missing5175
Total40100.0
884) Where is the third person staying? (2016) (WHERE3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Another household1132.4
2) Traveling514.7
3) Institution1750.0
4) Other, don't know12.9
Missing5181
Total34100.0
885) Where is the fourth person staying? (2016) (WHERE4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Another household321.4
2) Traveling428.6
3) Institution750.0
Missing5201
Total14100.0
886) Where is the fifth person staying? (2016) (WHERE5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Another household342.9
3) Institution342.9
4) Other, don't know114.3
Missing5208
Total7100.0
887) Where is the seventh person staying? (2016) (WHERE7_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Institution1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
888) What other persons were present during the interview? Presence of others: children under six (2016) (WHOELSE1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes2739.5
2) No258790.5
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
889) What other persons were present during the interview? Presence of others: older children (2016) (WHOELSE2_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes2408.4
2) No262091.6
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
890) What other persons were present during the interview? Presence of others: spouse/partner (2016) (WHOELSE3_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes47116.5
2) No238983.5
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
891) What other persons were present during the interview? Presence of others: other relatives (2016) (WHOELSE4_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1194.2
2) No274195.8
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
892) What other persons were present during the interview? Presence of others: other adults (2016) (WHOELSE5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes2197.7
2) No264192.3
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
893) What other persons were present during the interview? Presence of others: no one (2016) (WHOELSE6_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes174761.1
2) No111338.9
Missing2355
Total2860100.0
894) Over the past five years, have you been discriminated against with regard to work, for instance when applying for a job, or when being considered for a pay increase or promotion? In your opinion, what was the main reason for the discrimination? (2016) (WHYDISC5_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) My age6323.7
2) My race, ethnicity5621.1
3) My nationality103.8
4) My sex3613.5
5) My religion20.8
6) My disability/mental or physical illness83.0
7) My family responsibilities155.6
8) My political beliefs31.1
9) Other reason7327.4
Missing4949
Total266100.0
895) Please answer if you are not currently working for pay. What was the main reason that your job ended? (2016) (WHYJBEND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I reached retirement age9220.5
2) I retired early, by choice7616.9
3) I retired early, not by choice276.0
4) I became (permanently) disabled8919.8
5) My place of work was shut down357.8
6) I was dismissed306.7
7) My term of employment/contract ended408.9
8) Family responsibilities5812.9
9) I got married20.4
Missing4766
Total449100.0
896) If currently married, separated, or divorced: Have you ever been widowed? (2016) (WIDOWED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes522.9
2) No175497.1
Missing3409
Total1806100.0
897) How often do you work at home during your usual working hours? (2016) (WKATHOME_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always646.8
2) Often838.9
3) Sometimes14215.2
4) Hardly ever16217.3
5) Never48451.8
Missing4280
Total935100.0
898) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: A job that involves personal contact with other people? (2016) (WKPERSNL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important32322.0
2) Important62842.8
3) Neither important nor unimportant35424.1
4) Not important1409.5
5) Not important at all231.6
Missing3747
Total1468100.0
899) Do you or your spouse have a supervisor on your/their job to whom you/they are directly responsible? (2016) (WKSUB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes155881.7
2) No34818.3
Missing3309
Total1906100.0
900) Does respondent or spouse or partner have a supervisor? (2016) (WKSUB1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes158881.6
2) No35918.4
Missing3268
Total1947100.0
901) If 'yes' to WKSUB: Does that person have a supervisor on the job to whom he is directly responsible? (2016) (WKSUBS_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Yes127082.0
4) No27918.0
Missing3666
Total1549100.0
902) Does supervisor have supervisor? (2016) (WKSUBS1_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Yes129282.0
4) No28418.0
Missing3639
Total1576100.0
903) In your/your spouse's job, do you/does he/she supervise anyone who is directly responsible to you/him/her? (2016) (WKSUP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes72938.3
2) No117561.7
Missing3311
Total1904100.0
904) Does respondent or spouse or partner supervise anyone? (2016) (WKSUP1_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes74938.5
2) No119761.5
Missing3269
Total1946100.0
905) If 'yes' to WKSUP: Do any of those persons supervise anyone else? (2016) (WKSUPS_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Yes22230.7
4) No50069.3
Missing4493
Total722100.0
906) Does subordinate supervise anyone? (2016) (WKSUPS1_1A)
 TOTAL%
3) Yes22430.2
4) No51869.8
Missing4473
Total742100.0
907) And how often does your job involve working on weekends? (2016) (WKWKENDS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always19821.2
2) Often17718.9
3) Sometimes23425.0
4) Hardly ever14615.6
5) Never18019.3
Missing4280
Total935100.0
908) Now I have some questions about different groups in our society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of one means that you think almost all of the people in that group are 'rich.' A score of seven means that you think almost everyone in the group are 'poor.' A score of four means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in that group stand. Where would you rate Blacks, in general, on this scale? (2016) (WLTHBLKS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Rich90.5
2) 2201.1
3) 3955.1
4) 462733.8
5) 571238.4
6) 633217.9
7) Poor613.3
Missing3359
Total1856100.0
909) Now I have some questions about different groups in our society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of one means that you think almost all of the people in that group are 'rich.' A score of seven means that you think almost everyone in the group are 'poor.' A score of four means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in that group stand. Where would you rate Whites, in general, on this scale? (2016) (WLTHWHTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Rich955.1
2) 218610.0
3) 345824.6
4) 498552.9
5) 51105.9
6) 6221.2
7) Poor70.4
Missing3352
Total1863100.0
910) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word A (2016) (WORDA_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer34518.8
1) Correct answer148981.2
Missing3381
Total1834100.0
911) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word B (2016) (WORDB_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer1377.5
1) Correct answer168892.5
Missing3390
Total1825100.0
912) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word C (2016) (WORDC_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer136680.8
1) Correct answer32519.2
Missing3524
Total1691100.0
913) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word D (2016) (WORDD_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer925.0
1) Correct answer175895.0
Missing3365
Total1850100.0
914) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word E (2016) (WORDE_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer35419.4
1) Correct answer146780.6
Missing3394
Total1821100.0
915) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word F (2016) (WORDF_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer36019.9
1) Correct answer145080.1
Missing3405
Total1810100.0
916) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word G (2016) (WORDG_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer119967.7
1) Correct answer57232.3
Missing3444
Total1771100.0
917) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word H (2016) (WORDH_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer108964.9
1) Correct answer58835.1
Missing3538
Total1677100.0
918) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word I (2016) (WORDI_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer46425.1
1) Correct answer138174.9
Missing3370
Total1845100.0
919) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word J (2016) (WORDJ_1A)
 TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer132072.7
1) Correct answer49627.3
Missing3399
Total1816100.0
920) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words -- you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters - like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say 'four' since 'animal' comes closer to beast than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Total number of correct words (2016) (WORDSUM_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total18636.021.92
921) [Main source of economic support listed in ECONSUP1] To what extent, if at all, do you worry about the possibility of losing this main economic support? (2016) (WORECSUP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I worry a great deal10420.1
2) I worry to some extent8817.0
3) I worry a little12223.6
4) I don't worry at all20339.3
Missing4698
Total517100.0
922) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of one means that you think almost all people in that group are 'hard-working.' A score of seven means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'lazy.' A score of four means you think that the group is not towards one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate Blacks in general on this scale? (2016) (WORKBLKS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Hard-working663.6
2) 21005.4
3) 324313.1
4) 493950.7
5) 533217.9
6) 61186.4
7) Lazy553.0
Missing3362
Total1853100.0
923) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To work hard. (2016) (WORKHARD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) First51026.4
2) Second69636.0
3) Third56029.0
4) Fourth1467.5
5) Fifth221.1
Missing3281
Total1934100.0
924) Are you currently working for pay? (2016) (WORKNOW_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes93663.5
2) No53736.5
Missing3742
Total1473100.0
925) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of one means that you think almost all people in that group are 'hard-working.' A score of seven means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'lazy.' A score of four means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate Whites, in general, on this scale? (2016) (WORKWHTS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Hard-working1025.5
2) 218510.0
3) 340221.6
4) 494350.8
5) 51658.9
6) 6402.2
7) Lazy211.1
Missing3357
Total1858100.0
926) [Please answer if you are not currently working for pay] To what extent, if at all, do you worry about the possibility of not finding a job? (2016) (WORNOJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I worry a great deal4915.9
2) I worry to some extent3611.7
3) I worry a little7123.0
4) I don't worry at all15349.5
Missing4906
Total309100.0
927) To what extent, if at all, do you worry about the possibility of losing your job? (2016) (WORRYJOB_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I worry a great deal535.7
2) I worry to some extent9810.5
3) I worry a little25627.5
4) I don't worry at all52556.3
Missing4283
Total932100.0
928) Suppose the government suspected that a terrorist act was about to happen. Do you think the authorities should have the right to... detain people for as long as they want without putting them on trial? (2016) (WOTRIAL_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should have the right20515.1
2) Probably should have the right29021.4
3) Probably should not have the right39128.9
4) Definitely should not have the right46834.6
Missing3861
Total1354100.0
929) Thinking of work in general, please circle one number for each statement below to show how much you agree or disagree with each. A job is just a way of earning money - no more. (2016) (WRKEARN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1288.7
2) Agree27718.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree24216.4
4) Disagree60541.1
5) Strongly disagree22014.9
Missing3743
Total1472100.0
930) Thinking of work in general, please circle one number for each statement below to show how much you agree or disagree with each. I would enjoy having a paying job even if I did not need that money. (2016) (WRKENJOY_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23015.6
2) Agree79654.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree17812.1
4) Disagree19213.1
5) Strongly disagree745.0
Missing3745
Total1470100.0
931) Are/were you employed by the federal, state, or local government or by a private employer (including non-profit organizations)? (2016) (WRKGOVT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Government58521.6
2) Private212278.4
Missing2508
Total2707100.0
932) On the following list there are various aspects of jobs. Please circle one number to show how important you personally consider it is in a job: A job allows someone to work independently? (2016) (WRKINDP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important42328.8
2) Important66545.3
3) Neither important nor unimportant31921.7
4) Not important573.9
5) Not important at all40.3
Missing3747
Total1468100.0
933) Which of the following statements best describes your usual working schedule in your main job? (2016) (WRKSHIFT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) I have a regular schedule or shift (daytime, evening, or night)70076.0
2) I have a schedule or shift which regularly changes (for example, from days to evenings or to nights)16618.0
3) I have a schedule where daily working times are decided at short notice by my employer556.0
Missing4294
Total921100.0
934) Are/were you self-employed or do/did you work for someone else? (2016) (WRKSLF_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed29610.7
2) Someone else247289.3
Missing2447
Total2768100.0
935) Last week were you working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (2016) (WRKSTAT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Working full time132146.1
2) Working part time34512.0
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, strike572.0
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work1184.1
5) Retired57420.0
6) In school762.7
7) Keeping house2849.9
8) Other893.1
Missing2351
Total2864100.0
936) Do you agree strongly, agree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, disagree somewhat or disagree strongly with the following statement: Irish, Italians, Jewish and many other minorities overcame prejudice and worked their way up. Blacks should do the same without special favors. (2016) (WRKWAYUP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly67936.4
2) Agree somewhat48626.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree29715.9
4) Disagree somewhat20511.0
5) Disagree strongly19810.6
Missing3350
Total1865100.0
937) Due to the adoption of the non-respondent, sub-sampling design, a weight must be employed when using the GSS 2004 and after. WTSS variable takes into consideration a) the sub-sampling of non-respondents, and b) the number of adults in the household. It also essentially maintains the original sample size. In years prior to 2004, a one is assigned to all cases so they are effectively unweighted. To adjust for number of adults in years prior to 2004, a number of adults weight would need to be utilized. (2016) (WTSS_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total28671.000.50
938) Not counting email, about how many minutes or hours per week do you use the web? (Include time you spend visiting regular web sites and time spent using interactive internet services like chat rooms, Usenet groups, discussion forums, bulletin boards and the like.) Hours per week? (2016) (WWWHR_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total158713.0817.05
939) Not counting email, about how many minutes or hours per week do you use the web? (Include time you spend visiting regular web sites and time spent using interactive internet services like chat rooms, Usenet groups, discussion forums, bulletin boards and the like.) Minutes per week? (2016) (WWWMIN_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total15871.195.68
940) Now some more questions about your working conditions. Please circle one code for each item below to show how often it applies to your work. How often... Do you come home from work exhausted? (2016) (XHAUSTN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always15016.1
2) Often29431.5
3) Sometimes36739.3
4) Hardly ever10110.8
5) Never212.3
Missing4282
Total933100.0
941) What is your opinion about a married person having sexual relations with someone other than the marriage partner. Is it always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (2016) (XMARSEX_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Always wrong139874.9
2) Almost always wrong25613.7
3) Wrong only sometimes1618.6
4) Not wrong at all512.7
Missing3349
Total1866100.0
942) Have you seen an X-rated movie in the last year? (2016) (XMOVIE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes53727.6
2) No140972.4
Missing3269
Total1946100.0
943) Expanded N.O.R.C. size code (2016) (XNORCSIZ_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) A large central city (over 250,000)51818.1
2) A medium size central city (50,000 to 250,000)47116.4
3) A suburb of a large central city61621.5
4) A suburb of a medium size central city32811.4
5) An unincorporated area of a large central city (division, township, etc.)2759.6
6) An unincorporated area of a medium central city2398.3
7) Not within an SMSA, (within a county) and a small city (10,000 to 49,999)812.8
8) A town of village (2,500 to 9,999)913.2
9) An unincorporated area less than 2,500 or an unincorporated area of 1,000 to 2,499270.9
10) Open country within larger civil divisions (division, township, etc.)2217.7
Missing2348
Total2867100.0
944) Astrological sign of respondent (2016) (ZODIAC_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Aries2258.1
2) Taurus2408.6
3) Gemini2248.1
4) Cancer2579.2
5) Leo2358.4
6) Virgo2749.8
7) Libra2278.2
8) Scorpio2197.9
9) Sagittarius2147.7
10) Capricorn1977.1
11) Aquarius2368.5
12) Pisces2348.4
Missing2433
Total2782100.0
945) In what year did you start using the internet or web-enabled applications/apps? (2016) (INTSTART_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total12692,001.157.44
946) In what year did you join [Social Network picked in SNSMFRST]? (2016) (SNSMYEAR_1A)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11202,009.094.20
947) Would you say the respondent's health in general is Excellent, Good, Fair, or Poor? (2016) (HLTHSTRT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Excellent62243.5
2) Good63744.5
3) Fair14810.3
4) Poor231.6
Missing3785
Total1430100.0
948) Is there a housing unit (HU) at the address shown on the assignment label? (2016) (HUADD_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes283899.1
2) No260.9
Missing2351
Total2864100.0
949) Select one from the list below which best describes why there is no HU [housing unit] at this address? (2016) (HUADDWHY_1A)
 TOTAL%
4) No such address, no such HU2076.9
6) Vacation cabin13.8
7) Not usable as a permanent residence27.7
9) Not an HU for other reason311.5
Missing5189
Total26100.0
950) Select one from the list below which best describes the type of structure in which the respondent lives. (2016) (DWELLPRE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Trailer1565.5
2) Detached single family house182463.7
3) Two-family house, two units side-by-side842.9
4) Two-family house, two units one above the other622.2
5) Detached three to four family house361.3
6) Row house (three or more units in an attached row)1274.4
7) Apartment house (five or more units, four stories or less)39513.8
8) Apartment house (five or more units, four stories or more)1334.6
9) Apartment in a partly commercial structure150.5
10) 10301.0
Missing2353
Total2862100.0
951) Based on the features of this housing unit and the surrounding property/neighborhood that you can see, do you believe that there are children under the age of 15 present in the household? (2016) (KIDSINHH_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes83129.4
2) No199870.6
Missing2386
Total2829100.0
952) Based on what you have learned about this housing unit, what is your estimate of the probability that this household will respond to the survey? (2016) (RESPOND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) High217476.7
2) Low66123.3
Missing2380
Total2835100.0
953) What do you believe the income status of this housing unit is, relative to the rest of the general United States population? (2016) (INCUSPOP_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Higher than average51818.3
2) Average161857.0
3) Lower than average70224.7
Missing2377
Total2838100.0
954) Now thinking about safety in this neighborhood, how safe do you think it is? (2016) (NEISAFE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very safe159556.2
2) Somewhat safe97334.3
3) Somewhat unsafe2298.1
4) Very unsafe421.5
Missing2376
Total2839100.0
955) How physically attractive is the respondent? (2016) (RLOOKS_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very unattractive481.8
2) Unattractive1405.3
3) About average148355.9
4) Attractive79730.1
5) Very attractive1836.9
Missing2564
Total2651100.0
956) How well groomed is the respondent? (2016) (RGROOMED_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very poorly groomed130.5
2) Poorly groomed1485.6
3) About average140252.7
4) Well groomed83431.4
5) Very well groomed2629.9
Missing2556
Total2659100.0
957) Respondent weight rating (2016) (RWEIGHT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very overweight1626.1
2) Slightly overweight70526.6
3) About the right weight157959.5
4) Slightly underweight1857.0
5) Very underweight240.9
Missing2560
Total2655100.0
958) Would you say the respondent's health in general is excellent, good, fair, or poor? (2016) (RHLTHEND_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Excellent44333.3
2) Good66449.8
3) Fair18614.0
4) Poor392.9
Missing3883
Total1332100.0
959) Thinking about the most recent performance you wanted to attend but did not, which of the following factors were important in your decision not to attend? Some other reason not shown. Please specify: (2016) (PRFMOTHR1_1A)
 TOTAL%
7) Work conflict66.4
8) Ill, too tired2324.5
10) No childcare88.5
11) Sold out1718.1
12) Forgot, didn't act in time99.6
13) Away, other conflict55.3
14) Taking care of family member22.1
20) Some other reason not shown1516.0
98) Don't know11.1
99) No answer88.5
Missing5121
Total94100.0
960) On the whole, how satisfied are you with the job you have -- would you say you are very satisfied, moderately satisfied, a little dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied? (2016) (SATJOBHV_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied11840.1
2) Moderately satisfied13445.6
3) A little dissatisfied3210.9
4) Very dissatisfied103.4
Missing4921
Total294100.0
961) In describing our background, we often ask someone which racial or ethnic groups best describes them. Imagine if we used instead a ten point system where points are allocated to whichever racial or ethnic groups the respondent thinks accurately describes themselves. For example, if you think of yourself as just Latino, you would allocate all ten points to Latino. Or if you think of yourself as mixed race, but more African American than White, you might allocate six or seven points to Black and three or four points to White. Thinking of your background in racial and ethnic terms... How would you describe your race and ethnicity using this 10-point system using the following choices: (2016) (RACETHMN_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) European2244.0
2) Hispanic24.0
3) African12.0
4) East Asian612.0
6) South Asian510.0
7) Asian, not south or east24.0
8) Other1224.0
Missing5165
Total50100.0
962) In what year did you receive the (COLLEGE NAME) degree? (2016) (SECTOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Public, four-year or above53858.2
2) Private, non-for-profit, four-year or above26929.1
3) Private, for-profit, four-year or above151.6
4) Public, two-year10010.8
6) Private, for-profit, two-year20.2
Missing4291
Total924100.0
963) Total fall enrollment (2016) (EFTOTLT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-467 students111.2
2) 468 or more students91298.8
Missing4292
Total923100.0
964) Graduation rate (2016) (BARATE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-39.9 percent9311.8
2) 40-57.9 percent22929.2
3) 58 percent or over46359.0
Missing4430
Total785100.0
965) Ratio of graduate to undergraduate students (2016) (GRADTOUNDER_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-0.210 graduate students per undergraduate students24833.0
2) 0.211 or over50367.0
Missing4464
Total751100.0
966) Sector of institution? (2016) (SPSECTOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Public, four-year or above24159.1
2) Private, not-for-profit, four-year or above12430.4
3) Private, for-profit, four-year or above61.5
4) Public, two-year379.1
Missing4807
Total408100.0
967) Total fall enrollment (2016) (SPEFTOTLT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-467 students51.2
2) 468 or more students40298.8
Missing4808
Total407100.0
968) Graduation rate (2016) (SPBARATE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-39.9 percent4512.6
2) 40-57.9 percent10128.4
3) 58 percent or over21059.0
Missing4859
Total356100.0
969) Ratio of graduate to undergraduate students (2016) (SPGRADTOUNDER_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-0.210 graduate students per undergraduate students10831.2
2) 0.211 or over23868.8
Missing4869
Total346100.0
970) Sector of institution? (2016) (COSECTOR_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) Public, four-year or above2948.3
2) Private, not-for-profit, four-year or above2135.0
3) Private, for-profit, four-year or above23.3
4) Public, two-year813.3
Missing5155
Total60100.0
971) Total fall enrollment (2016) (COEFTOTLT_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 468 or more students00.0
2) 260100.0
Missing5155
Total60100.0
972) Graduation Rate (2016) (COBARATE_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-39.9 percent918.0
2) 40-57.9 percent1122.0
3) 58 percent or over3060.0
Missing5165
Total50100.0
973) Ratio of Graduate to Undergraduate Students (2016) (COGRADTOUNDER_1A)
 TOTAL%
1) 0-0.210 graduate students per undergraduate students1939.6
2) 0.211 or over2960.4
Missing5167
Total48100.0
974) Marital status of first person (2018) (MAR1_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married107847.4
2) Widowed2199.6
3) Divorced39017.2
4) Separated1094.8
5) Never married47721.0
Missing2942
Total2273100.0
975) Marital status of second person (2018) (MAR2_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married108267.7
2) Widowed191.2
3) Divorced966.0
4) Separated332.1
5) Never married36923.1
Missing3616
Total1599100.0
976) Marital status of third person (2018) (MAR3_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married387.4
2) Widowed142.7
3) Divorced224.3
4) Separated305.9
5) Never married40779.6
Missing4704
Total511100.0
977) Marital status of fourth person (2018) (MAR4_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married229.3
2) Widowed20.8
3) Divorced31.3
4) Separated104.2
5) Never married19984.3
Missing4979
Total236100.0
978) Marital status of fifth person (2018) (MAR5_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married24.4
2) Widowed24.4
3) Divorced24.4
4) Separated24.4
5) Never married3782.2
Missing5170
Total45100.0
979) Marital status of sixth person (2018) (MAR6_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married17.7
2) Widowed17.7
3) Divorced215.4
5) Never married969.2
Missing5202
Total13100.0
980) Marital status of seventh person (2018) (MAR7_1B)
 TOTAL%
2) Widowed125.0
4) Separated125.0
5) Never married250.0
Missing5211
Total4100.0
981) Marital status of eighth person (2018) (MAR8_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married133.3
4) Separated133.3
5) Never married133.3
Missing5212
Total3100.0
982) Marital status of ninth person (2018) (MAR9_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Separated150.0
5) Never married150.0
Missing5213
Total2100.0
983) Marital status of 11th person (visitor) (2018) (MAR11_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married27.4
2) Widowed311.1
3) Divorced1348.1
4) Separated13.7
5) Never married829.6
Missing5188
Total27100.0
984) Marital status of 12th person (visitor) (2018) (MAR12_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Married120.0
2) Widowed120.0
3) Divorced120.0
5) Never married240.0
Missing5210
Total5100.0
985) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... The woman wants it for any reason? (2018) (ABANY_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes76450.1
2) No76049.9
Missing3691
Total1524100.0
986) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... If there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? (2018) (ABDEFECT_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes116477.4
2) No33922.6
Missing3712
Total1503100.0
987) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... If the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy? (2018) (ABHLTH_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes136690.0
2) No15110.0
Missing3698
Total1517100.0
988) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... If she is married and does not want any more children? (2018) (ABNOMORE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes77851.4
2) No73648.6
Missing3701
Total1514100.0
989) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... If the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children? (2018) (ABPOOR_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes75049.3
2) No77050.7
Missing3695
Total1520100.0
990) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... If she became pregnant as a result of rape? (2018) (ABRAPE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes119479.5
2) No30820.5
Missing3713
Total1502100.0
991) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if... If she is not married and does not want to marry the man? (2018) (ABSINGLE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes70046.2
2) No81653.8
Missing3699
Total1516100.0
992) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Neighbor, co-worker, or long-term acquaintance (2018) (ACQNTSEX_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes6935.2
2) No12764.8
Missing5019
Total196100.0
993) Number of members over 17 years old (2018) (ADULTS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) One adult in household77533.0
2) 2119650.9
3) 325410.8
4) 41064.5
5) 5120.5
6) 620.1
7) 720.1
8) Eight or more10.0
Missing2867
Total2348100.0
994) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Even if it brings no immediate benefits, scientific research that advances the frontiers of knowledge is necessary and should be supported by the federal government. (2018) (ADVFRONT_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33929.5
2) Agree64956.5
3) Disagree13611.8
4) Strongly disagree242.1
Missing4067
Total1148100.0
995) Some people say that because of past discrimination, Blacks should be given preference in hiring and promotion. Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of Blacks is wrong because it discriminates against Whites. What about your opinion? Are you for or against preferential hiring and promotion of Blacks? Do you favor preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? Do you oppose preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? (2018) (AFFRMACT_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favors23015.9
2) Not strongly favors1329.1
3) Not strongly opposes44330.6
4) Strongly opposes64244.4
Missing3768
Total1447100.0
996) Age of respondent (2018) (AGE_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total234148.9718.06
997) As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (2018) (AGED_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A good idea87456.4
2) A bad idea43227.9
3) Depends24515.8
Missing3664
Total1551100.0
998) How old were you when your first child was born? (2018) (AGEKDBRN_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total166624.305.74
999) Now for a new subject. Do you ever read a horoscope or your personal astrology report? (2018) (ASTROLGY_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes50643.2
2) No66656.8
Missing4043
Total1172100.0
1000) Would you say that astrology is very scientific, sort of scientific or not at all scientific? (2018) (ASTROSCI_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very scientific776.8
2) Sort of scientific38333.6
3) Not at all scientific68059.6
Missing4075
Total1140100.0
1001) How often do you attend religious services? (2018) (ATTEND_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) Never71630.7
1) Less than once a year1375.9
2) About once or twice a year30012.9
3) Several times a year23910.2
4) About once a month1466.3
5) Two to three times a year1868.0
6) Nearly every week883.8
7) Every week39116.8
8) Several times a week1295.5
Missing2883
Total2332100.0
1002) Is the first person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY1_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes15100.0
Missing5200
Total15100.0
1003) Is the 11th person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY11_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes5100.0
Missing5210
Total5100.0
1004) Is the second person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY2_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes27100.0
Missing5188
Total27100.0
1005) Is the third person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY3_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes16100.0
Missing5199
Total16100.0
1006) Is the fourth person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY4_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes10100.0
Missing5205
Total10100.0
1007) Is the fifth person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY5_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes2100.0
Missing5213
Total2100.0
1008) Is the sixth person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY6_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes2100.0
Missing5213
Total2100.0
1009) Is the seventh person staying somewhere else right now? (2018) (AWAY7_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing5214
Total1100.0
1010) Number of members under six years of age (2018) (BABIES_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) Zero Household members under six207389.4
1) 11858.0
2) 2532.3
3) 370.3
5) 510.0
Missing2896
Total2319100.0
1011) Ballot used for interview (2018) (BALLOT_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Ballot A78533.4
2) Ballot B77433.0
3) Ballot C78933.6
Missing2867
Total2348100.0
1012) People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that the balance has been strongly in favor of the harmful results or only slightly? (2018) (BALNEG_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor2521.9
2) Slightly in favor8978.1
Missing5101
Total114100.0
1013) People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that the balance has been strongly in favor of the benefits or only slightly? (2018) (BALPOS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor53162.4
2) Slightly in favor32037.6
Missing4364
Total851100.0
1014) Which language do you speak more fluently? (2018) (BETRLANG_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Language 169095.7
2) Language 2314.3
Missing4494
Total721100.0
1015) Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man. (2018) (BIBLE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Word of God70630.5
2) Inspired word107946.6
3) Ancient book49421.3
4) Other351.5
Missing2901
Total2314100.0
1016) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The universe began with a huge explosion. (Is that true or false?) (2018) (BIGBANG_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) True15351.2
2) False14648.8
Missing4916
Total299100.0
1017) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. According to astronomers, the universe began with a huge explosion. (Is that true or false?) (2018) (BIGBANG1_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) True25575.4
2) False8324.6
Missing4877
Total338100.0
1018) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The universe has been expanding ever since it began. (Is that true or false?) (2018) (BIGBANG2_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) True25982.7
2) False5417.3
Missing4902
Total313100.0
1019) Were you born in this country? (2018) (BORN_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes204587.1
2) No30212.9
Missing2868
Total2347100.0
1020) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. It is the father's gene that decides whether the baby is a boy or a girl. (Is that true or false?) (2018) (BOYORGRL_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) True67966.6
2) False34133.4
Missing4195
Total1020100.0
1021) Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (2018) (CAPPUN_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Favor138563.2
2) Oppose80836.8
Missing3022
Total2193100.0
1022) In general, do you think that pesticides and chemicals used in farming are... (2018) (CHEMGEN_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous24231.2
2) Very dangerous24832.0
3) Somewhat dangerous24431.4
4) Not very dangerous374.8
5) Not dangerous at all50.6
Missing4439
Total776100.0
1023) How many children have you ever had? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (2018) (CHILDS_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) 066328.3
1) 134914.9
2) 262326.6
3) 338316.3
4) 41667.1
5) 5743.2
6) 6472.0
7) 7231.0
8) Eight or more160.7
Missing2871
Total2344100.0
1024) What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have? (2018) (CHLDIDEL_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) 0181.2
1) 1342.3
2) 269145.9
3) 341427.5
4) 415210.1
5) 5271.8
6) 6130.9
7) Seven or more80.5
8) As many as you want1499.9
Missing3709
Total1506100.0
1025) If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class or the upper class? (2018) (CLASS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Lower class2119.0
2) Working class102043.7
3) Middle class101943.7
4) Upper class833.6
Missing2882
Total2333100.0
1026) Partner's highest degree (2018) (CODEG_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school3113.6
1) High school12755.7
2) Associate/junior college167.0
3) Bachelor's4017.5
4) Graduate146.1
Missing4987
Total228100.0
1027) What is your partner's religious preference? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that? (2018) (CODEN_1B)
 TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association34.2
13) National Baptist Convention in the U.S.A.11.4
14) Southern Baptist Convention1115.3
15) Other Baptist churches11.4
18) Baptist, don't know which1013.9
22) United Methodist Church22.8
28) Methodist, don't know which22.8
30) American Lutheran Church11.4
32) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod11.4
35) Evangelical Lutheran11.4
38) Lutheran, don't know which45.6
48) Presbyterian, don't know which11.4
50) Episcopal11.4
60) Other, specify1520.8
70) No denomination or non-denominational church1825.0
Missing5143
Total72100.0
1028) Highest year school completed, partner (2018) (COEDUC_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling10.4
6) Sixth grade31.3
7) Seventh grade20.9
8) Eighth grade10.4
9) Ninth grade10.4
10) 10th grade104.5
11) 11th grade146.3
12) 12th grade8035.7
13) One year of college167.1
14) Two years of college3214.3
15) Three years of college94.0
16) Four years of college3817.0
17) Five years of college62.7
18) Six years of college73.1
19) Seven years of college10.4
20) Eight years of college31.3
Missing4991
Total224100.0
1029) Partner ever work as long as a year (2018) (COEVWORK_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes3879.2
2) No1020.8
Missing5167
Total48100.0
1030) How fundamentalist is partner's current religion? (2018) (COFUND_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist3818.1
2) Moderate7736.7
3) Liberal9545.2
Missing5005
Total210100.0
1031) Birth cohort of respondent (2018) (COHORT_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23411,969.0318.06
1032) Number of hours partner worked last week (2018) (COHRS1_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total16242.0712.92
1033) Number of hours partner usually works a week (2018) (COHRS2_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total443.008.72
1034) Respondent's industry code (2018) (COIND10_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2186,066.622,848.52
1035) Partner's occupation, 2010 census & 2008 ISCO code (2018) (COISCO08_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2175,305.242,647.47
1036) [If Jewish] Does your partner consider herself/himself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (2018) (COJEW_1B)
 TOTAL%
2) Conservative150.0
4) None of these150.0
Missing5213
Total2100.0
1037) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2018) (COLATH_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach102166.9
5) Not allowed50533.1
Missing3689
Total1526100.0
1038) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose he is teaching in a college. Should he be fired or not? (2018) (COLCOM_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, fired51034.8
5) Not fired95565.2
Missing3750
Total1465100.0
1039) What is the highest degree you have earned? (2018) (COLDEG1_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Associate8219.0
2) Bachelor's21549.8
3) Master's9522.0
4) MBA92.1
5) Law40.9
6) PhD153.5
7) MD51.2
8) Other71.6
Missing4783
Total432100.0
1040) Consider a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2018) (COLHOMO_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach135287.7
5) Not allowed19012.3
Missing3673
Total1542100.0
1041) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2018) (COLMIL_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach88858.2
5) Not allowed63741.8
Missing3690
Total1525100.0
1042) Consider a Muslim clergyman who preaches hatred of the United States. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2018) (COLMSLM_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach50833.2
5) Not allowed102366.8
Missing3684
Total1531100.0
1043) Consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (2018) (COLRAC_1B)
 TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach65142.7
5) Not allowed87257.3
Missing3692
Total1523100.0
1044) Have you ever taken any college-level science courses? (2018) (COLSCI_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes51344.0
2) No65256.0
Missing4050
Total1165100.0
1045) How many college-level science courses have you taken? (2018) (COLSCINM_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total4906.419.08
1046) Was respondent's understanding of the questions good, fair or poor? (2018) (COMPREND_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Good195783.8
2) Fair33114.2
3) Poor482.1
Missing2879
Total2336100.0
1047) Do you personally ever use a computer at home, at work or at some other location? (2018) (COMPUSE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes124780.0
2) No31220.0
Missing3656
Total1559100.0
1048) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Military. (2018) (CONARMY_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal93560.6
2) Only some50432.7
3) Hardly any1036.7
Missing3673
Total1542100.0
1049) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Major companies. (2018) (CONBUS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal29419.2
2) Only some101266.2
3) Hardly any22214.5
Missing3687
Total1528100.0
1050) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized religion. (2018) (CONCLERG_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal31520.8
2) Only some80653.3
3) Hardly any39225.9
Missing3702
Total1513100.0
1051) The last time you had sex, was a condom used? By 'sex' we mean vaginal, oral, or anal sex (2018) (CONDOM_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Used last time28221.1
2) Not used105778.9
Missing3876
Total1339100.0
1052) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The continents on which we live have been moving their locations for millions of years and will continue to move in the future. (Is that true or false?) (2018) (CONDRIFT_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) True92386.8
2) False14013.2
Missing4152
Total1063100.0
1053) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Education. (2018) (CONEDUC_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal38825.1
2) Only some86656.1
3) Hardly any29118.8
Missing3670
Total1545100.0
1054) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Executive branch of the federal government. (2018) (CONFED_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal18211.9
2) Only some65943.0
3) Hardly any69245.1
Missing3682
Total1533100.0
1055) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Banks and financial institutions. (2018) (CONFINAN_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal29819.2
2) Only some87256.3
3) Hardly any38024.5
Missing3665
Total1550100.0
1056) Inflation-adjusted family income. (2018) (CONINC_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total215249,973.9642,407.21
1057) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? U.S. Supreme Court. (2018) (CONJUDGE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal46230.4
2) Only some82854.5
3) Hardly any22915.1
Missing3696
Total1519100.0
1058) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized labor. (2018) (CONLABOR_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal21114.2
2) Only some96765.0
3) Hardly any31020.8
Missing3727
Total1488100.0
1059) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Congress (2018) (CONLEGIS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal815.3
2) Only some69745.8
3) Hardly any74548.9
Missing3692
Total1523100.0
1060) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Medicine (2018) (CONMEDIC_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal55335.6
2) Only some79050.8
3) Hardly any21113.6
Missing3661
Total1554100.0
1061) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Press (2018) (CONPRESS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal19912.9
2) Only some63641.1
3) Hardly any71346.1
Missing3667
Total1548100.0
1062) Inflation-adjusted personal income. (2018) (CONRINC_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136336,812.7137,178.30
1063) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Scientific community. (2018) (CONSCI_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal68145.2
2) Only some72548.1
3) Hardly any1006.6
Missing3709
Total1506100.0
1064) Participation/recording consent (2018) (CONSENT_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) R consents to recording interview218292.9
2) R consents to participate in the survey, but does not want to be recorded1667.1
Missing2867
Total2348100.0
1065) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Television. (2018) (CONTV_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) A great deal1318.5
2) Only some76649.6
3) Hardly any64841.9
Missing3670
Total1545100.0
1066) Respondent Census Occupation Code (2010) (2018) (COOCC10_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2184,812.162,661.62
1067) In general, what was the respondent's attitude toward the interview? (2018) (COOP_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Friendly and interested191682.0
2) Cooperative but not particularly interested34814.9
3) Impatient and restless703.0
4) Hostile40.2
Missing2877
Total2338100.0
1068) Other Protestant Denominations (2018) (COOTHER_1B)
 TOTAL%
12) Assemblies of God16.7
31) Christian; Central Christian213.3
33) Christian Scientist16.7
45) Evangelical, Evangelist16.7
58) Jehovah's Witnesses213.3
63) Mennonite16.7
64) Mormon16.7
68) Pentecostal320.0
80) Unitarian, Universalist16.7
81) United Church of Christ16.7
83) Wesleyan16.7
Missing5200
Total15100.0
1069) Partner's occupational prestige score (2010) (2018) (COPRES10_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total21741.6113.27
1070) Partner's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (2018) (COPRES105PLUS_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total21743.3524.52
1071) What is your partner's religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (2018) (COREL_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestant7030.3
2) Catholic5222.5
3) Jewish20.9
4) None8536.8
5) Other20.9
8) Other Eastern religions125.2
9) Muslim/Islam10.4
11) Christian62.6
12) Native American10.4
Missing4984
Total231100.0
1072) Respondent's partner's socioeconomic index (2010) (2018) (COSEI10_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total21741.7622.46
1073) Percentage of some college education in COOCC10 based on ACS2010. (2018) (COSEI10EDUC_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total21750.8227.43
1074) Percentage of $45K or more earners in COOCC10 base on ACS2010. (2018) (COSEI10INC_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total21738.2226.13
1075) In general, do you think the courts in this area deal too harshly or not harshly enough with criminals? (2018) (COURTS_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Too harshly44621.7
2) Not harshly enough125360.9
3) About right35717.4
Missing3159
Total2056100.0
1076) Is/was your partner self-employed or does/did they work for somebody else? (2018) (COWRKSLF_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Self-employed219.6
2) Someone else19890.4
Missing4996
Total219100.0
1077) Last week was your partner working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (2018) (COWRKSTA_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Working full time14362.2
2) Working part time2410.4
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, or strike52.2
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work104.3
5) Retired167.0
6) In school31.3
7) Keeping house2611.3
8) Other31.3
Missing4985
Total230100.0
1078) How long has it been since you last used 'crack' cocaine in chunk or rock form? (2018) (CRACK30_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Within the past 30 days22.4
2) More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months910.8
3) More than 12 months ago but within the past three years44.8
4) More than three years ago6881.9
Missing5132
Total83100.0
1079) Date of interview (2018) (DATEINTV_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2348601.15170.75
1080) Do you have any college degrees? (If yes: what degree or degrees?) Code highest degree earned (2018) (DEGREE_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) Less than high school26211.2
1) High school117850.2
2) Associate/junior college1968.3
3) Bachelor's46519.8
4) Graduate24710.5
Missing2867
Total2348100.0
1081) If respondent answered 'Protestant' as their religious preference for variable 'RELIG': What specific denomination is that, if any? (2018) (DENOM_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total115242.1222.59
1082) In what religion were you raised? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that, if any? (2018) (DENOM16_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total122636.0721.25
1083) Was that a diploma awarded by your high school at graduation at the end of 12th grade, a GED awarded after you took a test, or something else? (2018) (DIPGED_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) High school diploma189190.9
2) GED1838.8
3) Other30.1
5) High school diploma after post high school class30.1
Missing3135
Total2080100.0
1084) What do you think the chances are these days that a White person won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified Black person gets one instead? (2018) (DISCAFF_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely21014.0
2) Somewhat likely61540.9
3) Not very likely67945.1
Missing3711
Total1504100.0
1085) What do you think the chances are these days that a man won't get a job or a promotion while an equally or less qualified woman gets one instead? (2018) (DISCAFFM_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely8911.4
2) Somewhat likely27335.0
3) Not very likely26433.9
4) Very unlikely15319.6
Missing4436
Total779100.0
1086) What do you think the chances are these days that a woman won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified man gets one instead? (2018) (DISCAFFW_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Very likely19726.5
2) Somewhat likely33845.5
3) Not very likely13918.7
4) Very unlikely699.3
Missing4472
Total743100.0
1087) Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now? (2018) (DIVLAW_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Easier64844.8
2) More difficult50234.7
3) Stay as it29520.4
Missing3770
Total1445100.0
1088) If currently married or widowed, have you ever been divorced or legally separated? (2018) (DIVORCE_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes29825.0
2) No89675.0
Missing4021
Total1194100.0
1089) Dwelling type (2018) (DWELLING_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Trailer1385.9
2) Detached single family house151964.7
3) Two-family house, two units side-by-side873.7
4) Two-family house, two units one above the other261.1
5) Detached three to four family house321.4
6) Row house (three or more units in an attached row)1275.4
7) Apartment house (five or more units, three stories or less)30713.1
8) Apartment house (five or more units, four stories or more)984.2
9) Apartment in a partly commercial structure70.3
10) Other60.3
Missing2868
Total2347100.0
1090) Do you/does your family own your (home/apartment), pay rent or what? (2018) (DWELOWN_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Own or is buying93960.5
2) Pays rent58837.9
3) Other251.6
Missing3663
Total1552100.0
1091) Just thinking about your family now -- those people in the household who are related to you -- how many persons in the family, including yourself, earned any money last year from any job or employment? (2018) (EARNSRS_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23361.411.02
1092) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Now, does the earth go around the sun or does the sun go around the earth? (Is that true or false?) (2018) (EARTHSUN_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Earth around sun83674.8
2) Sun around Earth28125.2
Missing4098
Total1117100.0
1093) Highest year of school completed (2018) (EDUC_1B)
 TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling40.2
1) First grade20.1
2) Second grade40.2
3) Third grade100.4
4) Fourth grade50.2
5) Fifth grade30.1
6) Sixth grade200.9
7) Seventh grade80.3
8) Eighth grade351.5
9) Ninth grade512.2
10) 10th grade652.8
11) 11th grade954.1
12) 12th grade65728.0
13) One year of college1837.8
14) Two years of college31313.3
15) Three years of college1275.4
16) Four years of college43018.3
17) Five years of college974.1
18) Six years of college1195.1
19) Seven years of college451.9
20) Eight years of college723.1
Missing2870
Total2345100.0
1094) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Electrons are smaller than atoms. (Is that true or false?) (2018) (ELECTRON_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) True54465.0
2) False29335.0
Missing4378
Total837100.0
1095) About how many minutes or hours per week do you spend sending and answering electronic mail or email? (2018) (EMAILHR_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total14197.1511.76
1096) About how many minutes or hours per week do you spend sending and answering electronic mail or e-mail? (2018) (EMAILMIN_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total14192.888.33
1097) Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from one to seven. Think of a score of one as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of seven meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between one and seven comes closest to the way you feel? (2018) (EQWLTH_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) The government should reduce income differences34722.5
2) 215410.0
3) 327217.7
4) 426016.9
5) 522114.4
6) 61197.7
7) The government should not concern itself with reducing income differences16610.8
Missing3676
Total1539100.0
1098) First ethnicity mentioned (2018) (ETH1_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total204817.8016.95
1099) Second ethnicity mentioned (2018) (ETH2_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23406.8010.53
1100) Third ethnicity mentioned (2018) (ETH3_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23403.087.68
1101) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? (2018) (ETHNIC_1B)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total233914.7817.84
1102) Type of response about ethnicity (2018) (ETHNUM_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Names one country107746.0
2) Names two or more countries, chooses one75532.3
3) Names two of more countries, can't choose2169.2
4) Can't name any29212.5
Missing2875
Total2340100.0
1103) Have you ever, even once, used 'crack' cocaine in chunk or rock form? (2018) (EVCRACK_1B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes836.0
2) No131094.0
Missing3822
Total