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Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986 - Codebook

All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).

1) Denomination code (DENOM)
 TOTAL%
1) Disciples of Christ27920.1
3) Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod24017.3
4) United Church of Christ20114.5
5) Methodist36626.4
6) Presbyterian30221.8
Total1388100.0
2) Survey ID for churches returning survey (CHURCHID)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1388628.091,588.94
3) 5 digit zip code (ZIP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total138846,949.10601.33
4) Person completing survey (POSITION)
 TOTAL%
1) Pastor43082.7
2) Lay official6111.7
3) Other295.6
Missing868
Total520100.0
5) Listed below are several alternatives touching upon important dimensions of a church's identity. Using the seven point scale between each set of alternatives, please circle the number which best describes where your congregation falls, "1" meaning most like the characteristic on the left, "7" meaning most like the characteristic on the right, "4" meaning an equal mix of both. Is your church -- More influenced by contemporary ideas and trends, or more influenced by its history and tradition? (HISTINF1)
 TOTAL%
1) More influenced by contemporary ideas and trends51.0
2) 407.7
3) 7314.1
4) Equal mix of both12323.7
5) 12223.6
6) 11321.8
7) More influenced by its history and tradition428.1
Missing870
Total518100.0
6) Please reflect on whether your congregation has changed regarding being more influenced by contemporary ideas and trends, or more influenced by its history and tradition. Write in the number that best describes your congregation approximately 10 years ago. If there has been no change, write in the same number as you did in the question above. (HISTINF2)
 TOTAL%
1) More influenced by contemporary ideas and trends51.1
2) 184.0
3) 255.5
4) Equal mix of both6213.7
5) 10222.6
6) 17238.1
7) More influenced by its history and tradition6714.9
Missing937
Total451100.0
7) Listed below are several alternatives touching upon important dimensions of a church's identity. Using the seven point scale between each set of alternatives, please circle the number which best describes where your congregation falls, "1" meaning most like the characteristic on the left, "7" meaning most like the characteristic on the right, "4" meaning an equal mix of both. Is your church -- Primarily oriented to serving the world beyond its membership, or primarily oriented to serving its own members? (WHOSERV1)
 TOTAL%
1) Primarily oriented to serving the world beyond its membership51.0
2) 346.6
3) 6913.3
4) Equal mix of both16231.3
5) 12624.3
6) 9217.8
7) Primarily oriented to serving its own members305.8
Missing870
Total518100.0
8) Please reflect on whether your congregation has changed regarding whether it is primarily oriented to serving the world beyond its membership, or primarily oriented to serving its own members. Write the number that best describes your congregation approximately 10 years ago. If there has been no change, write in the same number as you did for the question above. (WHOSERV2)
 TOTAL%
1) Primarily oriented to serving the world beyond its membership51.1
2) 153.3
3) 296.4
4) Equal mix of both10322.8
5) 9721.5
6) 13730.3
7) Primarily oriented to serving its own members6614.6
Missing936
Total452100.0
9) Listed below are several alternatives touching upon important dimensions of a church's identity. Using the seven point scale between each set of alternatives, please circle the number which best describes where your congregation falls, "1" meaning most like the characteristic on the left, "7" meaning most like the characteristic on the right, "4" meaning an equal mix of both. Does your congregation -- Feel like a loosely knit association of individuals and groups, or does it feel like one large family? (CONGFAM1)
 TOTAL%
1) Loosely knit association of individuals and groups193.7
2) 407.7
3) 8015.5
4) Equal mix of both8716.8
5) 9017.4
6) 12624.4
7) One large family7514.5
Missing871
Total517100.0
10) Please reflect on whether your congregation has changed regarding feels like a loosely knit association of individuals and groups, or feels like one large family. Write in the number that best describes your congregation approximately 10 years ago. If there has been no change, write in the same number as you did for the question above. (CONGFAM2)
 TOTAL%
1) Loosely knit association of individuals and groups163.5
2) 408.9
3) 5812.9
4) Equal mix of both7917.5
5) 9721.5
6) 8819.5
7) One large family7316.2
Missing937
Total451100.0
11) Listed below are several alternatives touching upon important dimensions of a church's identity. Using the seven point scale between each set of alternatives, please circle the number which best describes where your congregation falls, "1" meaning most like the characteristic on the left, "7" meaning most like the characteristic on the right, "4" meaning an equal mix of both. Is your church -- Strengths notwithstanding, considered one of the "status" churches in the area, or known as a prestigious church in the area? (PRESTGE1)
 TOTAL%
1) Considered one of the "status" churches in the area7113.7
2) 9518.4
3) 6111.8
4) Equal mix of both8616.6
5) 6913.3
6) 8416.2
7) Known as a prestigious church in the area519.9
Missing871
Total517100.0
12) Please reflect on whether your congregation has changed regarding whether it is considered one of the "status" churches in the area, or known as a prestigious church in the area. Write in the number that best describes your congregation approximately 10 years ago. If there has been no change, write in the same number as you did for the question above. (PRESTGE2)
 TOTAL%
1) Considered one of the "status" churches in the area7015.5
2) 7616.8
3) 5011.0
4) Equal mix of both6815.0
5) 5612.4
6) 7316.1
7) Known as a prestigious church in the area6013.2
Missing935
Total453100.0
13) Listed below are several alternatives touching upon important dimensions of a church's identity. Using the seven point scale between each set of alternatives, please circle the number which best describes where your congregation falls, "1" meaning most like the characteristic on the left, "7" meaning most like the characteristic on the right, "4" meaning an equal mix of both. Is your congregation's approach to social issues -- Decidedly "activist." You have a proven history of taking a stand as a congregation, or basically educational, leaving any social action to individual conscience? (SOCACT1)
 TOTAL%
1) Activist, with a proven history of taking a stand as a congregation10.2
2) 101.9
3) 397.6
4) Equal mix of both7214.0
5) 9919.2
6) 17533.9
7) Educational, leaving any social action to individual conscience12023.3
Missing872
Total516100.0
14) Please reflect on whether your congregation has changed regarding whether your congregation's approach to social issues is decidedly "activist." You have a proven history of taking a stand as a congregation, or basically educational, leaving any social action to individual conscience. Write in the number that best describes your congregation approximately 10 years ago. If there has been no change, write in the same number as you did for the question above. (SOCACT2)
 TOTAL%
1) Activist, with a proven history of taking a stand as a congregation30.7
2) 71.5
3) 173.8
4) Equal mix of both5111.3
5) 7917.5
6) 13930.8
7) Educational, leaving any social action to individual conscience15634.5
Missing936
Total452100.0
15) Listed below are several alternatives touching upon important dimensions of a church's identity. Using the seven point scale between each set of alternatives, please circle the number which best describes where your congregation falls, "1" meaning most like the characteristic on the left, "7" meaning most like the characteristic on the right, "4" meaning an equal mix of both. Your congregation's approach to individual salvation -- is decidedly evangelistic, stressing a definite conversion experience, or emphasizes education, nurture and gradual growth in the faith? (INDSALV1)
 TOTAL%
1) Evangelistic, stressing a definite conversion experience173.3
2) 244.7
3) 326.2
4) Equal mix of both7113.8
5) 9217.9
6) 13927.1
7) Educational, nurture and gradual growth in the faith13826.9
Missing875
Total513100.0
16) Please reflect on whether your congregation has changed regarding your congregation's approach to individual salvation being decidedly evangelistic, stressing a definite conversion experience, or emphasizing education, nurture and gradual growth. Write in the number that best describes your congregation approximately 10 years ago. If there has been no change, write in the same number as you did for the question above. (INDSALV2)
 TOTAL%
1) Evangelistic, stressing a definite conversion experience214.7
2) 194.2
3) 265.8
4) Equal mix of both5612.5
5) 7516.7
6) 12227.2
7) Educational, nurture and gradual growth in the faith12928.8
Missing940
Total448100.0
17) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given the least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of worship (PRINOW1)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance10.2
3) 10.2
4) 51.0
5) 214.1
6) 5310.3
7) Highest importance43284.2
Missing875
Total513100.0
18) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be "1". -- Priority of education (PRINOW2)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance20.4
2) 91.8
3) 203.9
4) 438.4
5) 14227.7
6) 24648.0
7) Highest importance519.9
Missing875
Total513100.0
19) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be "1". -- Priority of fellowship and caring (PRINOW3)
 TOTAL%
2) 112.1
3) 183.5
4) 6312.3
5) 19938.9
6) 15129.5
7) Highest importance7013.7
Missing876
Total512100.0
20) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be "1". -- Priority of local evangelism (PRINOW4)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance5711.1
2) 13827.0
3) 11722.9
4) 11722.9
5) 448.6
6) 214.1
7) Highest importance183.5
Missing876
Total512100.0
21) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be "1". -- Priority of social service and outreach (PRINOW5)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance183.5
2) 13326.0
3) 12925.2
4) 14127.6
5) 489.4
6) 336.5
7) Highest importance91.8
Missing877
Total511100.0
22) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be "1". -- Priority of social action (PRINOW6)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance33966.6
2) 8216.1
3) 469.0
4) 244.7
5) 91.8
6) 51.0
7) Highest importance40.8
Missing879
Total509100.0
23) Please assign a priority ranking to each type of activity according to its importance for your congregation. The activity to which your congregation gives greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be "1". -- Priority of world mission (PRINOW7)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance5210.2
2) 9919.3
3) 14728.7
4) 11622.7
5) 499.6
6) 316.1
7) Highest importance183.5
Missing876
Total512100.0
24) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of worship (PRIEFF1)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory203.9
2) Satisfactory49396.1
Missing875
Total513100.0
25) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of education (PRIEFF2)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory16231.8
2) Satisfactory34868.2
Missing878
Total510100.0
26) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of fellowship and caring (PRIEFF3)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory7915.5
2) Satisfactory43284.5
Missing877
Total511100.0
27) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of local evangelism (PRIEFF4)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory28255.2
2) Satisfactory22944.8
Missing877
Total511100.0
28) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of social services and outreach (PRIEFF5)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory10821.3
2) Satisfactory40078.7
Missing880
Total508100.0
29) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of social action (PRIEFF6)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory22444.2
2) Satisfactory28355.8
Missing881
Total507100.0
30) Please indicate your assessment of how effectively the congregation has carried out its programs in relation to the priority rating you gave this area in the previous set of questions. If the congregation has performed satisfactorily, circle an "S"; if the performance has been unsatisfactory, circle a "U". Remember, a program area which receives low priority may be satisfactorily addressed with little or no activity. Thus it would be rated "S" in the same way that a high priority area that is satisfactorily addressed would receive an "S". In other words, the performance level has been satisfactory to match the priority it is given. -- Effectiveness of world mission (PRIEFF7)
 TOTAL%
1) Unsatisfactory13025.5
2) Satisfactory37974.5
Missing879
Total509100.0
31) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of worship 10 years ago (PRI10YR1)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance10.2
2) 30.6
3) 20.4
4) 112.2
5) 275.5
6) 5611.4
7) Highest importance39379.7
Missing895
Total493100.0
32) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of education 10 years ago (PRI10YR2)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance30.6
2) 81.6
3) 122.4
4) 418.3
5) 11623.6
6) 25050.8
7) Highest importance6212.6
Missing896
Total492100.0
33) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of fellowship and caring 10 years ago (PRI10YR3)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance30.6
2) 153.1
3) 357.1
4) 8417.1
5) 19138.9
6) 11222.8
7) Highest importance5110.4
Missing897
Total491100.0
34) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of local evangelism 10 years ago (PRI10YR4)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance5511.2
2) 10421.2
3) 10521.4
4) 13427.3
5) 5411.0
6) 285.7
7) Highest importance112.2
Missing897
Total491100.0
35) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of social service and outreach 10 years ago (PRI10YR5)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance295.9
2) 15231.0
3) 15531.6
4) 9619.6
5) 306.1
6) 234.7
7) Highest importance51.0
Missing898
Total490100.0
36) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of social action 10 years ago (PRI10YR6)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance32666.8
2) 8617.6
3) 377.6
4) 193.9
5) 71.4
6) 91.8
7) Highest importance40.8
Missing900
Total488100.0
37) Please indicate whether any significant changes have occurred in your congregation's priorities. Please rank the activities as you believe they were 10 or so years ago. The activity to which your congregation gave greatest importance should be ranked "7", and so on to the activity given least importance, which should be ranked "1". -- Priority of world mission 10 years ago (PRI10YR7)
 TOTAL%
1) Lowest importance6112.4
2) 10822.0
3) 12224.9
4) 10321.0
5) 5210.6
6) 275.5
7) Highest importance173.5
Missing898
Total490100.0
38) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- Worship effect on membership (ATTR1)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect224.3
1) Of no importance19036.8
2) Important29557.1
3) Very important101.9
Missing871
Total517100.0
39) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- Education effect on membership (ATTR2)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect6212.0
1) Of no importance26250.8
2) Important15329.7
3) Very important397.6
Missing872
Total516100.0
40) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- Fellowship/caring effect on membership (ATTR3)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect346.6
1) Of no importance22042.9
2) Important25148.9
3) Very important81.6
Missing875
Total513100.0
41) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- Local evangelism effect on membership (ATTR4)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect20840.4
1) Of no importance21441.6
2) Important5711.1
3) Very important367.0
Missing873
Total515100.0
42) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- Social service and outreach effect on membership (ATTR5)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect27353.1
1) Of no importance17934.8
2) Important387.4
3) Very important244.7
Missing874
Total514100.0
43) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- Social action effect on membership (ATTR6)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect36771.4
1) Of no importance6512.6
2) Important101.9
3) Very important7214.0
Missing874
Total514100.0
44) Please estimate below how important you think the congregation's performance in each program area has been in attracting new members to the congregation in recent years. -- World mission effect on membership (ATTR7)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect29457.1
1) Of no importance14628.3
2) Important397.6
3) Very important367.0
Missing873
Total515100.0
45) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- Worship effect on contributions (ATTRCT1)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect326.3
1) Of no importance18035.2
2) Important29457.4
3) Very important61.2
Missing876
Total512100.0
46) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- Education effect on contributions (ATTRCT2)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect9618.8
1) Of no importance23746.3
2) Important16432.0
3) Very important152.9
Missing876
Total512100.0
47) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- Fellowship and caring effect on contribution (ATTRCT3)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect6312.4
1) Of no importance21442.1
2) Important22744.7
3) Very important40.8
Missing880
Total508100.0
48) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- Local evangelism effect on contributions (ATTRCT4)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect28856.5
1) Of no importance17133.5
2) Important316.1
3) Very important203.9
Missing878
Total510100.0
49) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- Social service and outreach effect on contributions (ATTRCT5)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect21642.4
1) Of no importance20540.2
2) Important7715.1
3) Very important122.4
Missing878
Total510100.0
50) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- Social action effect on contributions (ATTRCT6)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect33265.2
1) Of no importance8416.5
2) Important71.4
3) Very important8616.9
Missing879
Total509100.0
51) Please estimate how important the congregation's performance in each program area has been in affecting how much money people have contributed to the church in recent years. -- World mission effect on contributions (ATTRCT7)
 TOTAL%
0) Has had a negative effect14127.6
1) Of no importance22544.0
2) Important10821.1
3) Very important377.2
Missing877
Total511100.0
52) Not used but in original codebook (ID1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5235.000.00
53) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Overall stewardship and giving emphasis (STEWEMP1)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none14127.2
3) Strong27052.1
4) Very strong10720.7
Missing870
Total518100.0
54) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on pledging (STEWEMP2)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none27753.4
3) Strong17233.1
4) Very strong7013.5
Missing869
Total519100.0
55) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on member canvass or visitation (STEWEMP3)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none39375.7
3) Strong9317.9
4) Very strong336.4
Missing869
Total519100.0
56) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on tithing or proportionate giving (STEWEMP4)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none28254.2
3) Strong19236.9
4) Very strong468.8
Missing868
Total520100.0
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57) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on stewardship education program (STEWEMP5)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none30959.9
3) Strong16932.8
4) Very strong387.4
Missing872
Total516100.0
58) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis by pastor (preaching and other direct emphasis) (STEWEMP6)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none15429.7
3) Strong29156.2
4) Very strong7314.1
Missing870
Total518100.0
59) Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Overall stewardship and giving emphasis 10 years ago (STEWEMP7)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none27955.6
3) Strong19438.6
4) Very strong295.8
Missing886
Total502100.0
60) Using percentages, please indicate approximately what percentage of the church's annual income comes from: -- Endowment (INC1)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5213.137.80
61) Using percentages, please indicate approximately what percentage of the church's annual income comes from: -- Pledges/regular offering (INC2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total52382.4018.14
62) Using percentages, please indicate approximately what percentage of the church's annual income comes from: -- Special offerings (INC3)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5206.116.32
63) Using percentages, please indicate approximately what percentage of the church's annual income comes from: -- Special events (fairs, suppers, etc.) (INC4)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5202.955.29
64) Using percentages, please indicate approximately what percentage of the church's annual income comes from: -- Miscellaneous (building rental, etc.) (INC5)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5202.866.35
65) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Overall membership recruitment emphasis (GROW1)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none32763.2
3) Strong16531.9
4) Very strong254.8
Missing871
Total517100.0
66) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Visitation of prospective members (GROW2)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none26050.4
3) Strong20539.7
4) Very strong519.9
Missing872
Total516100.0
67) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Programs for targeted groups (e.g. singles, elderly, young families) (GROW3)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none35368.4
3) Strong14528.1
4) Very strong183.5
Missing872
Total516100.0
68) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Advertisements in newspapers and other media (GROW4)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none39877.3
3) Strong10520.4
4) Very strong122.3
Missing873
Total515100.0
69) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Letters of welcome to newcomers or prospective members (GROW5)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none20840.3
3) Strong18535.9
4) Very strong12323.8
Missing872
Total516100.0
70) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Preaching and personal involvement of the pastor in membership recruitment (GROW6)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none9217.8
3) Strong29557.2
4) Very strong12925.0
Missing872
Total516100.0
71) Think about the emphasis on growth in membership in your congregation and the methods used in church growth. -- Overall emphasis on membership recruitment 10 years ago (GROW7)
 TOTAL%
1) Weak or none33266.0
3) Strong15330.4
4) Very strong183.6
Missing885
Total503100.0
72) Will you now reflect on any serious conflicts which have taken place in your congregation within the last 10 years or so, and whether they have affected membership or giving. The conflicts could be over theological, social, financial, administrative, interpersonal, or other issues. -- Have you had one or more such conflicts in the last 10 years? (CONFLICT)
 TOTAL%
0) No12223.6
1) Yes39576.4
Missing871
Total517100.0
73) Will you now reflect on any serious conflicts which have taken place in your congregation within the last 10 years or so, and whether they have affected membership or giving. The conflicts could be over theological, social, financial, administrative, interpersonal, or other issues. -- Have conflicts hurt membership? (NEGAFF1)
 TOTAL%
1) A little or not at all14536.1
3) Some12831.8
4) Very much12932.1
Missing986
Total402100.0
74) Will you now reflect on any serious conflicts which have taken place in your congregation within the last 10 years or so, and whether they have affected membership or giving. The conflicts could be over theological, social, financial, administrative, interpersonal, or other issues. -- Have conflicts hurt giving? (NEGAFF2)
 TOTAL%
1) A little or not at all17543.5
3) Some14836.8
4) Very much7919.7
Missing986
Total402100.0
75) Will you now reflect on any serious conflicts which have taken place in your congregation within the last 10 years or so, and whether they have affected membership or giving. The conflicts could be over theological, social, financial, administrative, interpersonal, or other issues. -- Have conflict resolutions helped members? (POSAFF1)
 TOTAL%
1) A little or not at all24462.9
3) Some9725.0
4) Very much4712.1
Missing1000
Total388100.0
76) Will you now reflect on any serious conflicts which have taken place in your congregation within the last 10 years or so, and whether they have affected membership or giving. The conflicts could be over theological, social, financial, administrative, interpersonal, or other issues. -- Have conflict resolutions helped giving? (POSAFF2)
 TOTAL%
1) A little or not at all25164.9
3) Some8822.7
4) Very much4812.4
Missing1001
Total387100.0
77) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Age (CONGSIM1)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different265.0
2) Somewhat different12824.7
3) Similar36570.3
Missing869
Total519100.0
78) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Race (CONGSIM2)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different152.9
2) Somewhat different367.0
3) Similar46690.1
Missing871
Total517100.0
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79) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Ethnic background (CONGSIM3)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different163.1
2) Somewhat different5410.5
3) Similar44586.4
Missing873
Total515100.0
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80) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Marital status (CONGSIM4)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different244.7
2) Somewhat different9418.2
3) Similar39877.1
Missing872
Total516100.0
81) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Economic status (CONGSIM5)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different499.5
2) Somewhat different15329.5
3) Similar31661.0
Missing870
Total518100.0
82) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Education (CONGSIM6)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different458.7
2) Somewhat different16030.9
3) Similar31360.4
Missing870
Total518100.0
83) Please reflect on how similar or dissimilar the members of your congregation generally are to residents in your congregation's immediate geographical area. For each factor below, indicate whether your congregation is similar, somewhat different, or very different from its immediate social context. If other important community characteristics are relevant, please list them. -- Other (CONGSIM7)
 TOTAL%
3) Similar46100.0
Missing1342
Total46100.0
84) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Age (CONG10S1)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different479.3
2) Different489.5
3) Somewhat similar41281.3
Missing881
Total507100.0
85) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Race (CONG10S2)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different173.3
2) Different152.9
3) Somewhat similar47793.7
Missing879
Total509100.0
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86) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Ethnic background (CONG10S3)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different214.1
2) Different316.1
3) Somewhat similar45589.7
Missing881
Total507100.0
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87) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Marital status (CONG10S4)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different397.7
2) Different387.5
3) Somewhat similar43084.8
Missing881
Total507100.0
88) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Economic status (CONG10S5)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different7414.5
2) Different8115.9
3) Somewhat similar35469.5
Missing879
Total509100.0
89) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Education (CONG10S6)
 TOTAL%
1) Very different6713.6
2) Different6713.6
3) Somewhat similar35772.7
Missing897
Total491100.0
90) In order to understand whether and how the situation has changed, please provide estimates of similarities or differences between your congregation's members and persons in the immediate geographical area approximately 10 years ago. -- Other (CONG10S7)
 TOTAL%
3) Somewhat similar30100.0
Missing1358
Total30100.0
91) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of shopping malls (COMFAC1)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect163.1
2) No effect or not applicable43985.4
3) Positive effect5911.5
Missing874
Total514100.0
92) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of new apartments (COMFAC2)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect132.5
2) No effect or not applicable39977.3
3) Positive effect10420.2
Missing872
Total516100.0
93) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of new houses (COMFAC3)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect30.6
2) No effect or not applicable39977.3
3) Positive effect11422.1
Missing872
Total516100.0
94) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of business development (COMFAC4)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect6212.0
2) No effect or not applicable35268.1
3) Positive effect10319.9
Missing871
Total517100.0
95) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of community renewal (COMFAC5)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect234.5
2) No effect or not applicable39476.5
3) Positive effect9819.0
Missing873
Total515100.0
96) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of new schools (COMFAC6)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect285.5
2) No effect or not applicable41580.9
3) Positive effect7013.6
Missing875
Total513100.0
97) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of community decline (COMFAC7)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect21842.2
2) No effect or not applicable28054.3
3) Positive effect183.5
Missing872
Total516100.0
98) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of job losses (COMFAC8)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect22443.5
2) No effect or not applicable27753.8
3) Positive effect142.7
Missing873
Total515100.0
99) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of economic decline (COMFAC9)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect25549.3
2) No effect or not applicable24547.4
3) Positive effect173.3
Missing871
Total517100.0
100) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of school closings (COMFAC10)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect7214.0
2) No effect or not applicable43684.5
3) Positive effect81.6
Missing872
Total516100.0
101) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of population decline (COMFAC11)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect18335.5
2) No effect or not applicable32062.0
3) Positive effect132.5
Missing872
Total516100.0
102) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of new highways (COMFAC12)
 TOTAL%
1) Negative effect173.4
2) No effect or not applicable44988.7
3) Positive effect407.9
Missing882
Total506100.0
103) Are there environmental factors in your immediate community which may have had an effect on your congregation in the last 10 years? For each indicate whether the effect has been positive, negative, or no effect. If the factor is not present, check "NA", not applicable. -- Effect of other (COMFAC13)
 TOTAL%
3) Positive effect28100.0
Missing1360
Total28100.0
104) Not Used. In original data (ID2)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total5235.000.00
105) Population 1970 (POP70)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136817,365.6518,077.66
106) Population 1980 (POP80)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136818,046.8818,342.98
107) Estimated population 1984 (POP84)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136817,879.9818,170.50
108) Projected population 1989 (POP89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136817,675.8518,080.22
109) Change in population 1970 to 1980 (NPOP7080)
110) Percent change in population 1970 to 1980 (PPOP7080)
111) Change in population 1980 to 1984 (NPOP8084)
112) Percent change in population 1980 to 1984 (PPOP8084)
113) Change in population 1984 to 1989 (NPOP8489)
114) Percent change in population 1984 to 1989 (PPOP8489)
115) Number of households 1970 (HSH70)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13685,423.835,651.13
116) Number of households 1980 (HSH80)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13686,423.356,582.00
117) Estimated number of households 1984 (HSH84)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13686,413.726,560.12
118) Projected number of households 1989 (HSH89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13686,398.016,573.49
119) Change in number of households 1970 to 1980 (NHSH7080)
120) Percent change in number of households 1970 to 1980 (PHSH7080)
121) Change in number of households 1980 to 1984 (NHSH8084)
122) Percent change in number of households 1980 to 1984 (PHSH8084)
123) Change in number of households 1984 to 1989 (NHSH8489)
124) Percent change in number of households 1984 to 1989 (PHSH8489)
125) Per capita income 1969 (PCI69)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13682,940.92487.80
126) Per capita income 1979 (PCI79)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13686,903.831,126.82
127) Estimated per capita income 1984 (PCI84)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13688,543.991,510.05
128) Projected per capita income 1989 (PCI89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13689,897.251,919.40
129) Average household income 1969 (AHI69)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13689,385.261,830.89
130) Average household income 1979 (AHI79)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136819,583.503,461.05
131) Estimated average household income 1984 (AHI84)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136824,020.504,405.55
132) Projected average household income 1989 (AHI89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136827,528.725,402.13
133) Percent change in average household income 1969 to 1979 (PAHI6979)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1368110.3722.56
134) Percent change in average household income 1979 to 1984 (PAHI7984)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136822.696.43
135) Percent change in average household income 1984 to 1989 (PAHI8489)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136814.434.37
136) Median household income 1969 (MHI69)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13688,809.461,640.33
137) Median household income 1979 (MHI79)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136817,481.513,375.15
138) Estimated median household income 1984 (MHI84)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136821,515.224,105.69
139) Projected median household income 1989 (MHI89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136824,665.274,955.80
140) Median age 1969 (MAGE70)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136828.463.13
141) Median age 1979 (MAGE80)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136830.132.33
142) Estimated median age 1984 (MAGE84)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136830.992.30
143) Projected median age 1989 (MAGE89)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136832.602.15
144) Total 1980 population (NPOPALL)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136818,046.8918,343.04
145) 100% for every case (PPOPALL)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1368100.000.00
146) Number of Whites 1980 (NPOPWHIT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136816,432.8116,889.39
147) Percent Whites 1980 (PPOPWHIT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136894.8113.10
148) Number of Blacks 1980 (NPOPBLCK)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13681,372.084,321.90
149) Percent Blacks 1980 (PPOPBLCK)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13684.2512.48
150) Number of Native Americans 1980 (NPOPAMIN)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136826.6936.75
151) Percent Native Americans 1980 (PPOPAMIN)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13680.020.14
152) Number of Asian/Pacific Islanders 1980 (NPOPASPC)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136875.18157.01
153) Percent Asian/Pacific Islanders 1980 (PPOPASPC)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13680.140.40
154) Number of Others 1980 (NPOPOTHR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1368140.14566.75
155) Percent Others 1980 (PPOPOTHR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13680.421.56
156) Number of Hispanics 1980 (NPOPHISP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1368271.201,063.03
157) Percent Hispanics 1980 (PPOPHISP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13681.052.92
158) Number with education less than or equal to 8 years, 1980 (NED0008)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13681,683.691,743.86
159) Number with education 9 to 11 years, 1980 (NED0911)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13681,757.951,853.49
160) Number with education equal to 12 years, 1980 (NED1212)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13684,240.344,144.33
161) Number with education between 13-15 years, 1980 (NED1315)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13681,275.141,413.50
162) Number with education greater than or equal to 16 years, 1980 (NED16P)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13681,357.441,935.84
163) Percent with education less than or equal to 8 years, 1980 (PED0008)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136817.275.84
164) Percent with education 9 to 11 years, 1980 (PED0911)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136817.113.65
165) Percent with education equal to 12 years, 1980 (PED1212)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136843.546.06
166) Percent with education between 13-15 years, 1980 (PED1315)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136811.293.25
167) Percent with education greater than or equal to 16 years, 1980 (PED16P)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136810.876.44
168) Median years of education, 1980 (MEDTOT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136812.160.55
169) Median years education for Whites, 1980 (MEDWHIT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136812.001.69
170) Median years education for Blacks, 1980 (MEDBLCK)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13685.846.11
171) Median years education for Others, 1980 (MEDOTHR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total136812.001.68
172) Median years education for Hispanics, 1980 (MEDHISP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13686.925.91
173) Total giving 1986 from Yearbook (GIVE86)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1175106,852.06146,496.50
174) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- Worship (PRINOW1-PRI10YR1) (PRICH1)
175) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- Education (PRINOW2-PRI10YR2) (PRICH2)
176) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- Fellowship and caring (PRINOW3-PRI10YR3) (PRICH3)
177) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- Local evangelism (PRINOW4-PRI10YR4) (PRICH4)
178) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- Social service and outreach (PRINOW5-PRI10YR5) (PRICH5)
179) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- Social action (PRINOW6-PRI10YR6) (PRICH6)
180) Difference between current priority and priority 10 years ago -- World mission (PRINOW7-PRI10YR7) (PRICH7)
181) Change in population 1980 to 1989 (NPOP8089)
182) Percent Change in population 1980 to 1989 (PPOP8089)
183) Change in number of households 1980 to 1989 (NHSH8089)
184) Percent change in number of households 1980 to 1989 (PHSH8089)
185) Change in average household income 1980 to 1989 (NAHI8089)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13687,945.212,864.44
186) Percent change in average household income 1980 to 1989 (PAHI8089)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total13680.230.42
187) Per capita (member) giving 1970 (PCGIVE70)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1141114.5686.69
188) Per capita (member) giving 1980 (PCGIVE80)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1085244.44161.19
189) Per capita (member) giving 1986 (PCGIVE86)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1170336.54302.16
190) Per capita (member) giving 1988 (PCGIVE88)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1151379.60237.66
191) Proportion change in total giving 1970 to 1980 (RGIV8070)
192) Proportion change in total giving 1980 to 1986 (RGIV8680)
193) Proportion change in total giving 1986 to 1988 (RGIV8886)
194) Proportion change in total giving 1980 to 1988 (RGIV8880)
195) Proportion change in per capita giving 1970 to 1980 (RPCG8070)
196) Proportion change in per capita giving 1980 to 1986 (RPCG8680)
197) Proportion change in per capita giving 1986 to 1988 (RPCG8886)
198) Proportion change in per capita giving 1980 to 1988 (RPCG8880)
199) Proportion change in membership 1970 to 1980 (RMEM8070)
200) Proportion change in membership 1980 to 1986 (RMEM8680)
201) Proportion change in membership 1986 to 1988 (RMEM8886)
202) Proportion change in membership 1980 to 1988 (RMEM8880)
203) Membership 1970 (MEM70)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1249352.41398.13
204) Membership 1980 (MEM80)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1171337.87378.62
205) Membership 1986 (MEM86)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1337288.13351.67
206) Membership 1988 (MEM88)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1356274.86352.73
207) Total giving 1970 (GIVE70)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total121042,337.1471,956.51
208) Total giving 1980 (GIVE80)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total112183,522.11113,250.08
209) Total giving 1986 (GIVE88)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1182118,274.50181,904.35

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