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International Religious Freedom Data, Aggregate File (2003-2008) - Codebook

All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).

1) ARDA code for country (ARDACODE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199126.6571.95
2) ARDA country name (COUNTRAG)
3) ISO 3-alpha (ISO3)
4) Numeric ISO (NUMISO)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total198425.79252.76
5) Correlates of War (COWCODE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total193472.45262.46
6) United Nations Region (UNREGAG)
 TOTAL%
2) Australia/New Zealand21.0
3) Caribbean136.5
4) Central America84.0
5) Eastern Africa178.5
6) Eastern Asia94.5
7) Eastern Europe105.0
8) Melanesia42.0
9) Micronesia (Region)52.5
10) Middle Africa94.5
11) Northern Africa73.5
12) Northern America10.5
13) Northern Europe105.0
14) Polynesia31.5
15) South-Central Asia147.0
16) South-Eastern Asia115.5
17) South America126.0
18) Southern Africa52.5
19) Southern Europe157.5
20) Western Africa168.0
21) Western Asia199.5
22) Western Europe94.5
Total199100.0
7) U.S. State Department Reporting Region (REGIONAG)
 TOTAL%
1) Africa4824.1
2) East Asia and Pacific3417.1
3) Europe and Eurasia5025.1
4) Near East and North Africa2010.1
5) South and Central Asia136.5
6) Western Hemisphere3417.1
Total199100.0
8) Years of IRF reports coded (WAVEAG)
 TOTAL%
20032008) 2003, 2005 and 2008199100.0
Total199100.0
9) GRI: Government Regulation of Religion Index (See Note 1: Government Regulation of Religion Index for index construction details.) (GRI0308)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.993.07
10) GFI: Government Favoritism of Religion Index (See Note 2: Government Favoritism of Religion Index for index construction details.) (GFI0308)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1994.702.72
11) MSRI: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index (See Note 3: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index for index construction details.) (MSRI0308)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1994.482.93
12) According to the Report, are foreign or other missionaries allowed to operate? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Allowed with no limits reported. 0.5 = Allowed, but within restrictive limits. 1 = Prohibited.] (GRI_A_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.220.27
13) According to the Report, is proselytizing, public preaching, or conversion limited or restricted? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Yes, but for all religions. 1 = Yes, but only for some religions.] (See Note 1: Government Regulation of Religion Index for more details on the construction of this measure.) (GRI_B_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.300.37
14) According to the Report, does the government interfere with an individual's right to worship? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Some interference. 1 = Severe interference.] (GRI_C_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.320.31
15) In the Report, how is freedom of religion described? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the Government 'generally respects' this right in practice. 0.333 = Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the Government generally respects this right in practice, but some problems exist, e.g., in certain localities. 0.667 = Limited and/or rights not protected or restricted. 1 = Does not exist.] (GRI_D_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.270.26
16) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the government 'generally respects' this right (to religious freedom) in practice? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 0.5 = Yes, but exceptions or restrictions are mentioned. 1 = The phrase 'generally respects' is not used.] (GRI_E_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.320.38
17) Does the Introduction section of the Report specifically mention that the government policy contributes to the generally free practice of religion? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 0.5 = Yes, but exceptions are mentioned. 1 = No.] (GRI_F_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.370.40
18) According to the Report, what is the balance of government funding (including 'in kind' such as funding buildings) to the religious sector? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No funding. 0.333 = A proportional balance. 0.667 = Has imbalance. 1 = Only goes to one religion or belief.] (GFI_A_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.430.29
19) According to the Report, to what extent is there a favored (or established) religious brand? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = None, or all religious brands are treated the same. 0.333 = Cultural or historical legacies only, e.g., former established religious brand inherits buildings or properties. 0.667 = Some religious brands have privileges or government access unavailable to other religious brands. 1 = Either A or B: A) One religious brand has privileges or government access unavailable to other religions; or B) One single state or official (established) religious brand/religion.] (GFI_B_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.620.35
20) According to the Report, how does the Government subsidize religion, including 'in kind' to organizations run by religions, e.g., hospitals, schools, etc.? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt). 0.2 = Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion. 0.4 = Cultural or historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits cathedrals from previous government spending). 0.6 = Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 0.8 = Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 1 = Only one religion is subsidized, including 'in kind' subsidies.] (GFI_C_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.490.32
21) According to the Report, does the Government fund some things related to religion? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Either A or B: A) The Report does not mention funding, but it gives support that probably includes funding; or B) Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 1 = Yes, but funding is not equal for all.] (GFI_D_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.610.37
22) Sum of the following variables: SCHOOLAG + BLDGSAG + SALARYAG + MEDIAAG + CHARITAG + ACTIVAG (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Note: All six constituent variables have a maximum possible value of 2, so GFI_E_AG was calculated by dividing the sum of these variables by 12.] (GFI_E_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.200.18
23) According to the Report, societal attitudes toward other or nontraditional religions are reported to be... (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Open and tolerant. 0.333 = Isolated discrimination. 0.667 = Negative just in certain regions or just towards certain religious brands. 1 = Hostile.] (MSRIA_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.470.32
24) According to the Report, are citizens intolerant of 'nontraditional' faiths, i.e., what they perceive as new religions? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Yes, but only one case cited. 1 = Yes, and more than one case cited.] (MSRIB_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.480.35
25) According to the Report, do traditional attitudes and/or edicts of the clerical establishment strongly discourage proselytizing (i.e., trying to win converts)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (MSRIC_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.270.38
26) According to the Report, do established or existing religions try to shut out other religions in any way? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (MSRID_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.530.39
27) How does the Report characterize citizens' receptivity to proselytizing by nontraditional faiths or faiths other than their own? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Receptive/no problems reported. 0.5 = Receptive with concerns. 1 = Negative.] (MSRIE_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.500.28
28) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that there is a constitution? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 1 = No constitution, but Report says, 'law functions in its place.' 2 = No.] (CONST_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.130.36
29) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the constitution provides for freedom of religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 1 = No constitution, but says law provides for 'freedom of religion.' 2 = No.] (FREECOAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.240.52
30) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the Government 'generally respects' this right in practice? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 1 = Yes, but exceptions or restrictions are mentioned. 2 = The phrase 'generally respects' is not used.] (GVRESPAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.640.75
31) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of favored religion(s)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL0AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.600.23
32) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of state religion(s)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL1AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.180.36
33) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of official religion(s)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.190.31
34) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of established religion(s)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL3AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.320.30
35) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of historical religion(s)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL4AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.370.31
36) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of official religious philosophy or doctrine(s)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL5AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.130.23
37) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some other sort of favored religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTRL6AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.060.13
38) Does the Introduction section of the Report specifically mention that government policy contributes to the generally free practice of religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 1 = Yes, but exceptions were mentioned. 2 = No.] (GPOLICAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.740.80
39) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the US government discusses religious freedom issues with the government? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 1 = No.] (USGOVAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.040.13
40) In the Report, are isolated social tensions (tensions caused by infrequent and unrelated incidents) reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (TENSE1AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.580.31
41) In the Report, are regional social tensions (tensions associated with a specific region of the country) reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (TENSE2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.330.34
42) In the Report, are national social tensions (tensions which affect the whole country) reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (TENSE3AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.320.33
43) In the Report, are international social tensions (tensions due to events occurring in another country or a relationship with another country) reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (TENSE4AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.170.26
44) According to the Report, was this country a victim of terrorism? (In coding, the word 'terrorism' must have appeared in the Report. Terrorism is not inferred to exist if it was not specifically mentioned.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Some.] (TEROR1AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.090.23
45) According to the Report, was this country a respondent of terrorism? (The word 'terrorism' must appear in the Report. Terrorism is not inferred to exist if it was not specifically mentioned.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Some.] (TEROR2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.070.19
46) According to the Report, was this country a perpetrator of terrorism? (The word 'terrorism' must appear in the Report. Terrorism is not inferred to exist if it was not specifically mentioned.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Some.] (TEROR3AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.040.15
47) According to the Report, how did terrorism affect daily life during the period of the Report? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Did not impede. 1 = One impediment. 2 = More than one impediment. 3 = Daily threats/impediments.] (TERRL_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.140.48
48) According to the Report, did terrorism impede religious practice? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (TERRR_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.060.20
49) According to the Report, what is the land area in square miles? (Note: Land areas are taken from the 2008 IRF Report, unless there was no 2008 entry for the country. Also note that a value of .01 means that no area measurement is available.) (AREA_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199247,439.71685,879.95
50) According to the Report, what is the approximate population? (Note: If there was no country report until 2008, the population figure from 2008 is used. Otherwise, population figures are in aggregate.) (POP_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19930,531,044.43120,701,102.29
51) What is the percentage of the largest religion or religious brand? (999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG1PCTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19972.2469.50
52) What is the largest religion or religious brand? (LG1RELAG)
 TOTAL%
0) Atheism10.5
1) Christian (unspecified)105.0
2) Catholic5628.1
3) Orthodox Christian126.0
4) Protestant84.0
5) Anglican/Episcopal31.5
6) Muslim (unspecified)63.0
7) Sunni Muslim2010.1
8) Shi'a Muslim31.5
9) Muslim (other)00.0
10) Jewish10.5
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional10.5
12) Hindu (unspecified)31.5
13) Hindu (other)00.0
14) Buddhist (unspecified)63.0
15) Buddhist (other)00.0
16) Tao00.0
17) Shinto10.5
19) Other00.0
88) Largest religious brand changed over time6733.7
99) Not given or not applicable10.5
Total199100.0
53) What is the percentage of the second-largest religion or religious brand? (999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG2PCTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19919.5070.64
54) What is the second-largest religion or religious brand? (LG2RELAG)
 TOTAL%
4) Protestant10.5
88) Second-largest religious brand changed over time19799.0
99) Not given or not applicable10.5
Total199100.0
55) What is the percentage of the third-largest religion or religious brand? (999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG3PCTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199121.36318.13
56) What is the third-largest religion or religious brand? (LG3RELAG)
 TOTAL%
0) Atheism10.5
2) Catholic10.5
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional10.5
19) Other10.5
88) Third-largest religious brand changed over time17788.9
99) Not given or not applicable189.0
Total199100.0
57) What is the percentage of the fourth-largest religion or religious brand? (999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG4PCTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199278.83446.22
58) What is the fourth-largest religion or religious brand? (LG4RELAG)
 TOTAL%
1) Christian (unspecified)10.5
4) Protestant31.5
12) Hindu (unspecified)21.0
14) Buddhist (unspecified)10.5
88) Fourth-largest religious brand changed over time14170.9
99) Not given or not applicable5125.6
Total199100.0
59) What is the percentage of the fifth-largest religion or religious brand? (999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG5PCTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199508.10499.62
60) What is the fifth-largest religion or religious brand? (LG5RELAG)
 TOTAL%
6) Muslim (unspecified)10.5
88) Fifth-largest religious brand changed over time9949.7
99) Not given or not applicable9949.7
Total199100.0
61) Are Jehovah's Witnesses mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (JW_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.580.44
62) Is the Baha'i Faith mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (BHAI_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.540.46
63) Are the Jewish mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (JEW_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.600.45
64) Are Baptists mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (BAPT_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.470.44
65) Are Mormons mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (MORM_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.500.45
66) Are Sufis mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (SUFI_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.060.21
67) Is Scientology mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (SCIENTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.100.28
68) Are other religions mentioned anywhere in the Report? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Not mentioned. 1 = Mentioned.] (OTHERSAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.900.23
69) According to the Report, how is freedom of religion described? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the government generally respects this right in practice. 1 = Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the government generally respects this right in practice, but some problems exist, e.g., in certain localities. 2 = Limited and/or rights restricted or not protected. 3 = Does not exist.] (FREERLAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.820.79
70) What does the Report indicate about government protection for religious freedom? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Protects at all levels. 1 = Protects at some levels. 2 = Does not protect.] (GVLVLSAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.600.66
71) According to the Report, what is the type of state or official religion? (GVTYPEAG)
 TOTAL%
0) Secular (or no state religion specified)13768.8
1) Atheistic10.5
2) Christian136.5
3) Islamic2713.6
4) Jewish10.5
5) Buddhist21.0
6) Nonsecular/theistic10.5
9) Status changed during coding period, see Note 4 in the ARDA summary page for more information178.5
Total199100.0
72) According to the Report, does the government interfere with an individual's right to worship? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Some interference. 2 = Severe interference.] (GVINT_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.630.63
73) Does the government fund some things related to religion, according to the Report? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = The Report does not mention funding, but it gives support that probably includes funding. 2 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 3 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (GVFUNDAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.881.12
74) What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Education/schools [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 2 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (SCHOOLAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.790.67
75) What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Buildings/upkeep/repair [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 2 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (BLDGSAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.570.61
76) What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Clergy salary/benefits [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 2 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (SALARYAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.380.59
77) What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Print/broadcast media [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 2 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (MEDIAAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.230.41
78) What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Charity/public service work [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 2 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (CHARITAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.160.35
79) What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Religious practice or mission work [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 2 = Yes, and funding is not equal for all.] (ACTIVAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.240.41
80) According to the Report, is proselytizing limited or restricted? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but for all religions. 2 = Yes, but only for some religions.] (PROSELAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.550.72
81) According to the Report, is public preaching limited or restricted? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but for all religions. 2 = Yes, but only for some religions.] (PREACHAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.450.69
82) According to the Report, is conversion limited or restricted? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but for all religions. 2 = Yes, but only for some religions.] (CONVERAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.330.63
83) According to the Report, is religious literature and/or broadcasting limited or restricted? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Literature is. 2 = Broadcasting is. 3 = Both are.] (LITBRDAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.670.86
84) According to the Report, are foreign missionaries allowed to operate? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Allowed with no limits reported. 1 = Allowed, but within restrictive limits. 2 = Prohibited.] (MSSNRYAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.430.54
85) According to the Report, what is the nature of political parties (in practice)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = All political parties are secular. 1 = Correlation between political party and religion. 2 = Political parties can be religious or secular. 3 = Political parties must be religious. 999 = Unable to assess based on the Report.] (PARTYAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199793.34404.75
86) According to the Report, are there laws regulating daily life based on (biased toward) religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (RELIFEAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.230.35
87) Does the Report indicate that the government's policy and practice contribute to the relatively free practice of religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Only policy does. 2 = Only practice does. 3 = Both do.] (POLICYAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.801.17
88) According to the Report, are religious groups required to subscribe to an agreement or other set of religion-specific regulations for public activities including registration needed for public meetings? That is, do religious groups require a permit to meet? (Does not refer to whether religious groups are required to register for legal status, tax exemption, etc.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, all are. 2 = Yes, but only some are.] (AGREMTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.420.51
89) According to the Report, are people, based on religious identity or activity, discriminated against? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, some are. 2 = Yes, all are.] (DISCRMAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.720.41
90) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is prohibited for children or those less than eighteen years old (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REGED1AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.050.17
91) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is optionally offered in public schools [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REGED2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.320.33
92) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is required in public schools [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REGED3AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.290.39
93) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? Only education in one religion is permitted in any school [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REGED4AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.140.28
94) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is optionally offered in non-government schools [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REGED5AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.320.25
95) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is required in non-government schools [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REGED6AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.070.15
96) Are allegations reported of discrimination in education, housing and/or employment based on religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No discrimination. 1 = Some discrimination. 2 = Widespread discrimination. 3 = Caste-like system.] (DISCR2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.620.65
97) According to the Report, what is the balance of government funding (including 'in kind' such as funding buildings) to the religious sector? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No funding. 1 = A proportional balance. 2 = Has imbalance. 3 = Only goes to one religion or belief.] (FUNDRLAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.280.88
98) Does the Report mention any harassment of minority religious groups? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but not recently reported. 2 = Reported and resolved. 3 = Reported and unresolved.] (SECTSAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.761.19
99) Does the Report mention a government campaign against religion or certain religions? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but non-coercive. 2 = Yes, and coercive. 3 = Yes, and lethal.] (CAMPAIAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.630.82
100) According to the Report, is there a government bureau that supervises religions? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = No, but government consults a non-government religious advisory board. 2 = Yes, but non-coercive. 3 = Yes, and coercive.] (BUREAUAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.340.89
101) Are killings based on religion reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes. 2 = Massacres or warfare.] (LETHALAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.300.44
102) According to the Report, do government or security authorities harass or allow harassment based on religious brand? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but isolated or confined to certain locales. 2 = Yes.] (HARASSAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.630.71
103) Estimated number of people who were physically abused due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Zero. 1 = Less than 10. 2 = 10 to 1,000. 3 = 1,001 to 10,000.] (ABUSEAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.450.73
104) Number of people who were physically abused due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) (ABUSNOAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19924.35150.28
105) Estimated number of people who were displaced due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Zero. 1 = Less than 10. 2 = 10 to 1,000. 3 = 1,001 to 10,000.] (DISPLAAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.400.85
106) Number of people who were displaced due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) (DISPLNAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19947,864.72426,270.50
107) Estimated number of people who were imprisoned due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Zero. 1 = Less than 10. 2 = 10 to 1,000. 3 = 1,001 to 10,000. 4 = 10,000 to 99,999.] (IMPRISAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.670.92
108) Number of people who were imprisoned due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) (IMPRINAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199493.204,833.74
109) Estimated number of people who were killed due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Zero. 1 = Less than 10. 2 = 10 to 1,000. 3 = 1,001 to 10,000.) (KILLEDAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.390.76
110) Number of people who were killed due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) (KILLENAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1995,664.5871,077.40
111) According to the Report, were there any reported abuses targeted at specific religions by terrorist organizations? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (REPORTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.070.22
112) How many people are reported to have been killed in the section of the Report about terrorism? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Note that 999 = Unverified claims of death due to terrorism.] (KILLD2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199565.325,731.40
113) How many people are reported to have been injured or accosted (but not killed) in the section of the Report about terrorism? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Note that 999 = Unverified claims of death due to terrorism.] (INJUREAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total19911.3277.01
114) How many people are reported to have been displaced or forced to move (but not killed) in the section of the Report about terrorism? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Note that 999 = Unverified claims of death due to terrorism.] (DISPLCAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total199997.598,243.83
115) According to the Report, were anti-religious statements issued following terrorist attacks by the terrorists or their sympathizers? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Terrorists only. 2 = Terrorists and sympathizers.] (STATEMAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.040.17
116) According to the Report, was property damaged or destroyed by terrorists? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Property was damaged or defaced. 2 = Property was destroyed.] (PROPT2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.110.35
117) According to the Report, who did the terrorists target? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No terrorism. 1 = Indiscriminate. 2 = More than one religious brand. 3 = One religious brand in particular.] (TARGETAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.150.51
118) According to the Report, were missionaries targeted by terrorists? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes. 2 = Yes, and they were killed.] (MSSYAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.030.18
119) Societal attitudes toward other or nontraditional religions are reported to be... [Category labels are the following: 0 = Open and tolerant. 1 = Isolated discrimination. 2 = Negative just in certain regions or just toward certain religious brands. 3 = Hostile.] (OTHRELAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.410.95
120) Relations between various religious communities are reported to be... [Category labels are the following: 0 = No societal abuses reported. 1 = Sometimes strained. 2 = Negative just in certain regions or just toward certain religious brands. 3 = Hostile.] (RELATEAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.280.96
121) Are activities reported that promote tolerance and understanding between adherents of different religions? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (TOLERAAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.640.35
122) According to the Report, are religious groups' properties vandalized? This includes arson directed against their buildings or facilities. [Category labels are the following: 0 = No vandalism reported. 1 = Not presently but within past 100 years. 2 = Not presently but within past 10 years. 3 = Yes.] (VANDAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.191.19
123) According to the Report, how does the Report characterize citizens' receptivity to proselytizing by nontraditional faiths or faiths other than their own? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Receptive/no problems reported. 1 = Receptive with concerns. 2 = Negative.] (NONTRAAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.010.56
124) According to the Report, are citizens intolerant of 'nontraditional' faiths, that is, groups they perceive as new religions? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, but only one case cited. 2 = Yes, and more than one case cited.] (INTOLEAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.820.59
125) According to the Report, do traditional attitudes and/or edicts of the clerical establishment strongly discourage proselytizing, that is, trying to win converts? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Traditional attitudes only. 2 = Edicts of the clerical establishment only. 3 = Both traditional attitudes and edicts of the clerical establishment.] (PROSE2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.701.03
126) Does the Report mention cases of bombings or burnings of religious buildings or murders of religious persons by citizens? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Bombings or burnings. 2 = Murders. 3 = Bombings/burnings and murders.] (BOMBAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.420.65
127) According to the Report, are there or were there religious militias or vigilante groups, or is the military structured along religious lines? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes, religious militia/vigilante groups. 2 = Yes, the military (including the de facto structure). 3 = Both.] (MALITIAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.250.42
128) According to the Report, do established or existing religions try to shut out new religions in any way? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (ESTABAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.530.39
129) According to the Report, to what extent is there a favored or established religious brand? [Category labels are the following: 0 = None, or all religious brands are treated the same. 1 = Cultural or historical legacies only, e.g., former established religious brand inherits buildings or properties. 2 = Some religious brands have privileges or government access unavailable to other religious brands. 3 = One religious brand has privileges or government access unavailable to other religions. 4 = One single state or official (established) religious brand or religion.] (ESTRELAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.101.32
130) According to the Report, to what extent does the law regulate religion? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Laws do not interfere with the free exercise of religion. 1 = Laws inadvertently cause difficulty to all religions equally, e.g., in registration. 2 = Laws cause problems, but only for some religions. 3 = Laws cause problems for all but one religion. 4 = Laws prohibit the free exercise of religion.] (LAW_AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1991.601.12
131) According to the Report, how does the government subsidize religion (including 'in kind' to organizations run by religions, e.g., hospitals or schools)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No subsidies or subsidies are equal for all (e.g., all are tax-exempt). 1 = Subsidies not mentioned in the Report but are implied by the level of government support for a particular religion. 2 = Cultural or historical legacies only, e.g., religion inherits cathedrals from previous government spending. 3 = Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 4 = Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 5 = Only one religion is subsidized, including 'in kind' subsidies.] (SUBSDYAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.451.59
132) According to the Report, to what extent does one religious brand seem to monopolize or strongly influence religiously related activities within society? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Religious brands do not seem to monopolize or influence society at all. 1 = Religious influence is shared among various religious brands. 2 = Religious influence is shared among various religious brands that dominate in particular regions. 3 = One religious brand seems to dominate. 4 = Society is centered on one religious brand.] (MONOPLAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.341.14
133) According to the Report, to what extent are societal attitudes open to all religious brands? [Category labels are the following: 0 = Benign or attitudes are open to all. 1 = Inadvertent insensitivity to religious brands other than the dominant religious brand. 2 = Prejudices toward other religious brands that are real but hard to document. 3 = Instances of discrimination toward other religious brands. 4 = Instances of aggression toward other religious brands. 5 = Instances of fatal aggression toward other religious brands. 6 = Open warfare or ongoing violent conflict along religious lines or between religious brands.] (OPENRLAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.831.63
134) According to the Report, to what extent is there religiously related violence in the nation (victim and/or perpetrator)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = None reported. 1 = Isolated acts of religiously related violence. 2 = Widespread acts, or religiously related violence covers several regions. 3 = Ongoing war with religiously related violence.] (RELVIOAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.520.57
135) According to the Report, the legal/policy framework of the country... [Category labels are the following: 0 = Does not give privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to any religion. 1 = Gives privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to any religion that asks or applies. 2 = Gives privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to a select group of religions. 3 = Gives privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to only three religions. 4 = Gives privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to only two religions. 5 = Gives privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to only one religion. 6 = Gives privileges, favors, resources and/or finances to only one brand of a larger religious tradition, e.g., to only one denomination or religious brand.] (LEGPOAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.481.74
136) What is the highest level of religious violence reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = None. 1 = Anti-religious brand graffiti. 2 = Vandalism to religious brand property. 3 = Bombing or burning of religious brand property. 4 = Beating, rape or physical assault of person(s) due to religious brand. 5 = Torture or killing of person(s) due to religious brand. 6 = Massacre of and/or war between religious brands.] (RELVI2AG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.131.92
137) According to the Report, what best describes the religious coverage of the country? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No single religious brand dominates the population. 1 = The two leading religious brands dominate the population. 2 = One religious brand dominates the population.] (RELMONAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1990.790.51
138) What is the highest level of restrictions reported? [Category labels are the following: 0 = None reported. 1 = Difficulties for certain religious brands (e.g., in registration or having a legally recognized status), but these difficulties do not proscribe those religious brands. 2 = Restrictions on certain religious brands (e.g., on the use and/or ownership or property which is not equitable for all religious brands, or, e.g., 'national patrimony' care or government ownership of religious buildings). 3 = The government targets certain religious brands to be controlled or proscribed. 4 = Government involvement in the internal and/or international affairs of religious brands. 5 = Prohibition of religious practice except for that which is approved by the government.] (RELREGAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.071.47
139) According to the Report, to what extent do the official laws, policies or administrative actions of the state restrict the practice, profession or selection of religion? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Coded on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 = Not at all, and 10 = Extensive restriction by the state.] (RSTRCTAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1993.382.98
140) According to the Report, to what extent does the state provide a select religion or a small group of religions with privileges, financial support or favorable sanctions? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Coded on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 = Not at all, and 10 = Extensive provisions by the state.] (FAVORAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1994.192.87
141) According to the Report, to what extent do the society's religious groups, associations or culture at large restrict the practice, profession or selection of religion? (Note: Only contains data from 2005 and 2008) [Coded on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 = Not at all, and 10 = Extensive restriction by society.] (PROTECAG)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1993.612.56
142) GRI: Government Regulation of Religion Index (2003, 2005, and 2008), with values rounded to the nearest whole number (GRI_AGR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1992.983.12
143) GFI: Government Favoritism of Religion Index (2003, 2005, and 2008), with values rounded to the nearest whole number (GFI_AGR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1994.692.75
144) MSRI: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index (2003, 2005, and 2008), with values rounded to the nearest whole number (MSRI_AGR)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1994.492.93
145) GFI: Government Favoritism of Religion Index (2003, 2005, and 2008), with values rounded to the nearest whole number (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-GVTFAV)
 TOTAL%
1) No or virtually no favoritism (GFI0308 = 0)178.5
2) Low level of favoritisim (GFI0308 = 1-3)5326.6
3) Medium level of favoritism (GFI0308 = 4-6)6532.7
4) High level of favoritism (GFI0308 = 7-10)6432.2
Total199100.0
146) GRI: Government Regulation of Religion Index (2003, 2005, and 2008), with values rounded to the nearest whole number (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-GVTREG)
 TOTAL%
1) No or virtually no regulation (GRI0308 = 0)5929.6
2) Low level of regulation (GRI0308 = 1-3)6633.2
3) Medium level of regulation (GRI0308 = 4-6)3819.1
4) High level of regulation (GRI0308 = 7-10)3618.1
Total199100.0
147) MSRI: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index (2003, 2005, and 2008), with values rounded to the nearest whole number (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-SOCREG)
 TOTAL%
1) No or virtually no regulation (MSRI0308 = 0)42.0
2) Low level of regulation (MSRI0308 = 1-3)7839.2
3) Medium level of regulation (MSRI0308 = 4-6)6432.2
4) High level of regulation (MSRI0308 = 7-10)5326.6
Total199100.0

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