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Religion and Rule of Law - Codebook

All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).

1) Country's Name (in all caps) (COUNTRY)
2) Country_number (COUNTRY_NUMBER)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total236118.5068.27
3) Three Letter Abbreviation for Country (COUNTRY_CODE)
4) Measures the voice and accountability of the country in 2004 (VOICE_ACC_2004)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2060.001.00
5) Measures the political stability of the country in 2004 (POLIT_STAB_2004)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total206-0.011.00
6) Measures the government effectiveness of the country in 2004 (GOVT_EFFECT_2004)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2080.001.00
7) Measures the regulatory quality of the country in 2004 (REG_QUAL_2004)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total203-0.011.00
8) Measures the rule of law of the country in 2004 (RULE_LAW_2004)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total207-0.011.00
9) Measures the control of corruption in the country in 2002 (CONTROL_CORRUPT_2004)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total203-0.011.00
10) GDP per capita in U.S. dollars circa 2001-2003 (purchasing power parity) (GDP_PER_CAPITA)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2269,532.429,949.24
11) Natural log of GDP per capita in U.S. dollars circa 2001-2003 (purchasing power parity) (LOGGDP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2268.551.19
12) GDP per capita in thousands of U.S. dollars circa 2001-2003 (purchasing power parity) (GDP_THOUSANDS)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2269.539.95
13) Sum of percentages of country's land composed of arable land and permanent crops (CROPLAND_PCT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23017.7115.70
14) Equal to the nearest degree of latitude of the country's geographical center (LATITUDE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total23425.2117.07
15) Lat_North (LAT_NORTH)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 23.1
1) If the geographical center of the country is in the northern latitudes 76.9
Missing2
Total234100.0
16) Landlocked (LANDLOCKED)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 82.6
1) If the country is landlocked 17.4
Total236100.0
17) Total population of the country in 2004 divided by total land area of the country in square kilometers (POP_DENSITY)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total231375.111,705.32
18) Median age of the total population of the country in 2004 (MEDIAN_AGE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22027.078.02
19) Life expectancy at birth for the total population of the country in 2004 (LIFE_EXPECTANCY)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total22167.1512.38
20) Literacy rate of the total adult population in the country in 2004 (Note: In most countries, the measure is for population age 15 and over. In a small number of countries, the minimum age of the included population differs from 15) (LITERACY_RATE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total21483.0019.76
21) Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP in 2003 or closest available year (MILITARY_PCT_GDP)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1682.742.94
22) Percentage of years from 1901 to 1990 that a country had a negative Polity Index score in the Polity IV database. A negative score indicates a Democracy score less than the Autocracy score. For countries that are not in the Polity IV data base for all years 1901 to 1990, the variable is the percentage of years with a negative score for only those years in the Polity IV database. Germany was coded based upon both East and West Germany from 1946 to 1990, weighting the number of negative score years by the population of each nation in 1970 according to Barrett et al. (2001). A negative score for West Germany was treated as 0.78063 years and a negative score for East Germany was coded as 0.21937 year (POLITY4_NEG_YRS)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total16465.6738.03
23) Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 47.5
1) If the country had an official state religion in 1900 52.5
Total236100.0
24) Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE1970)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 64.0
1) If the country had an official state religion in 1970 36.0
Total236100.0
25) BKJ_State1990 Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE1990)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 65.5
1) If the country had an official state religion in 1990 34.5
Missing1
Total235100.0
26) BKJ_State2000 Note: A country is considered to have a state religion only if Barrett et al. list the country as 'R' (religious) and also affiliated with a specific religion. The 'RC' or 'RI' or 'RP' are considered to have a state religion while 'R' does not. (BKJ_STATE2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 63.0
1) If the country had an official state religion in 2000 37.0
Missing1
Total235100.0
27) Indicating the largest religious group in the country in 2000 (LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined) 24.6
2) Catholicism 33.9
4) Orthodox Christianity 5.9
5) Islam 22.0
6) African Ethnoreligion 3.0
7) Buddhism 3.4
8) Hinduism 2.1
9) Judaism 0.4
10) Nonreligious 1.7
11) Other Religion 0.4
14) Asian Ethnoreligion 0.4
15) Chinese Folk Religion 2.1
Total236100.0
28) Prot_LRG1_2000 (PROT_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 75.4
1) If Protestantism is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 24.6
Total236100.0
29) Cath_LRG1_2000 (CATH_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 66.1
1) If Catholicism is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 33.9
Total236100.0
30) Orth_LRG1_2000 (ORTH_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 94.1
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 5.9
Total236100.0
31) Islam_LRG1_2000 (ISLAM_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 78.0
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 22.0
Total236100.0
32) African_LRG1_2000 (AFRICAN_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.0
1) If Country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 3.0
Total236100.0
33) Buddhism_LRG1_2000 (BUDDHISM_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.6
1) If Buddhism is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 3.4
Total236100.0
34) Hindu_LRG1_2000 (HINDU_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.9
1) If Hinduism is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 2.1
Total236100.0
35) Judaism_LRG1_2000 (JUDAISM_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.6
1) If Judaism is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 0.4
Total236100.0
36) Nonrel_LRG1_2000 (NONREL_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If Nonreligious is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 1.7
Total236100.0
37) Unaffiliated_LRG1_2000 (UNAFFIL_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.6
1) If Unaffiliated Christian is the largest group in the country in 2000 0.4
Total236100.0
38) China_Asia_LRG1_2000 (CHINA_ASIA_LRG1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.5
1) If Chinese folk religion of Asian ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 2.5
Total236100.0
39) Indicating the majority (50 percent or more) religious group in the country in 2000 (MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined) 19.5
2) Catholicism 29.7
4) Orthodox Christianity 3.8
5) Islam 18.6
6) African Ethnoreligion 0.8
7) Buddhism 2.5
8) Hinduism 0.8
9) Judaism 0.4
10) Nonreligious 0.4
12) No Majority 22.5
15) Chinese Folk Religion 0.8
Total236100.0
40) Prot_MAJ1_2000 (PROT_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 80.5
1) If Protestantism is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 19.5
Total236100.0
41) Cath_MAJ1_2000 (CATH_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 70.3
1) If Catholicism is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 29.7
Total236100.0
42) Orth_MAJ1_2000 (ORTH_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.2
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 3.8
Total236100.0
43) Islam_MAJ1_2000 (ISLAM_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 81.4
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 2000 18.6
Total236100.0
44) African_MAJ1_2000 (AFRICAN_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.2
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 0.8
Total236100.0
45) Buddhism_MAJ1_2000 (BUDDHISM_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.5
1) If Buddhism is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 2.5
Total236100.0
46) Hindu_MAJ1_2000 (HINDU_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.2
1) If Hinduism is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 0.8
Total236100.0
47) Judaism_MAJ1_2000 (JUDAISM_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.6
1) If Judaism is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 0.4
Total236100.0
48) Nonrel_MAJ1_2000 (NONREL_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.6
1) If Nonreligious is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 0.4
Total236100.0
49) Chinese_MAJ1_2000 (CHINESE_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.2
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 2000 0.8
Total236100.0
50) No_MAJ1_2000 (NO_MAJ1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 77.5
1) If there is no majority religious group in the country in 2000 22.5
Total236100.0
51) Indicating the super-majority (80 percent or more) religious group in the country in 2000 (SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined) 4.7
2) Catholicism 14.8
4) Orthodox Christian 0.4
5) Islam 14.4
7) Buddhism 0.8
12) No Super-Majority 64.8
Total236100.0
52) Prot_Super1_2000 (PROT_SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 95.3
1) If Protestantism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000 4.7
Total236100.0
53) Cath_Super1_2000 (CATH_SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 85.2
1) If Catholicism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000 14.8
Total236100.0
54) Orth_Super1_2000 (ORTH_SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.6
1) If Orthodox Christianity is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000 0.4
Total236100.0
55) Islam_Super1_2000 (ISLAM_SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 85.6
1) If Islam is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000 14.4
Total236100.0
56) Buddhism_Super1_2000 (BUDDHISM_SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.2
1) If Buddhism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000 0.8
Total236100.0
57) No_Super1_2000 (NO_SUPER1_2000)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 35.2
1) If there is no religious group that is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 2000 64.8
Total236100.0
58) Indicating the largest religious group in the country in 1900 (LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined) 22.5
2) Catholicism 25.8
4) Orthodox Christianity 5.5
5) Islam 18.6
6) African Ethnoreligion 15.3
7) Buddhism 3.4
8) Hinduism 2.1
13) Pacific Ethnoreligion 3.0
14) Asian Ethnoreligion 1.3
15) Chinese Folk Religion 2.5
Total236100.0
59) Prot_LRG1_1900 (PROT_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 77.5
1) If Protestantism is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 22.5
Total236100.0
60) Cath_LRG1_1900 (CATH_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 74.2
1) If Catholicism is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 25.8
Total236100.0
61) Orth_LRG1_1900 (ORTH_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 94.5
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 5.5
Total236100.0
62) Islam_LRG1_1900 (ISLAM_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 81.4
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 18.6
Total236100.0
63) African_LRG1_1900 (AFRICAN_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 84.7
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the largest religious groups in the country in 1900 15.3
Total236100.0
64) Buddhism_LRG1_1900 (BUDDHISM_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.6
1) If Buddhism is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 3.4
Total236100.0
65) Hindu_LRG1_1900 (HINDU_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.9
1) If Hinduism is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 2.1
Total236100.0
66) Pacific_LRG1_1900 (PACIFIC_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.0
1) If country is in Pacific and ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 3.0
Total236100.0
67) China_Asia_LRG1_1900 (CHINA_ASIA_LRG1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.2
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 3.8
Total236100.0
68) MAJ1_1900 Indicating the majority (50 percent or more) religious group in the country in 1900 (MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined) 20.3
2) Catholicism 25.4
4) Orthodox Christianity 5.1
5) Islam 18.2
6) African Ethnoreligion 14.8
7) Buddhism 3.4
8) Hinduism 1.7
12) No Majority 5.1
13) Pacific Island Ethnoreligion 2.5
14) Asian Ethnoreligion 1.3
15) Chinese Folk Religion 2.1
Total236100.0
69) Prot_MAJ1_1900 (PROT_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 79.7
1) If Protestantism is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 20.3
Total236100.0
70) Cath_MAJ1_1900 (CATH_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 74.6
1) If Catholicism is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 25.4
Total236100.0
71) Orth_MAJ1_1900 (ORTH_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 94.9
1) If Orthodox Christianity is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 5.1
Total236100.0
72) Islam_MAJ1_1900 (ISLAM_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 81.8
1) If Islam is the largest religious group in the country in 1900 18.2
Total236100.0
73) African_MAJ1_1900 (AFRICAN_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 85.2
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 14.8
Total236100.0
74) Buddhism_MAJ1_1900 (BUDDHISM_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) 0 96.6
1) If Buddhism is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 3.4
Total236100.0
75) Hindu_MAJ1_1900 (HINDU_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If Hinduism is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 1.7
Total236100.0
76) Pacific_MAJ1_1900 (PACIFIC_MAJ_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.5
1) If country is in Pacific and ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 2.5
Total236100.0
77) China_Asia_MAJ1_1900 (CHINA_ASIA_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.6
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is the majority religious group in the country in 1900 3.4
Total236100.0
78) No_MAJ1_1900 (NO_MAJ1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 94.9
1) If there is no majority religious group in the country in 1900 5.1
Total236100.0
79) Super1_1900 Indicating the super-majority (80 percent or more) religious group in the country in 1900 (SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
1) Protestantism (includes Protestants, Independents, and Anglicans combined) 13.6
2) Catholicism 20.8
4) Orthodox Christian 2.5
5) Islam 14.4
6) African Ethnoreligion 12.7
7) Buddhism 1.7
8) Hinduism 0.4
12) No Super-Majority 30.1
13) Pacific Island Ethnoreligion 1.7
14) Asian Ethnoreligion 0.8
15) Chinese Folk Religion 1.3
Total236100.0
80) Prot_Super1_1900 (PROT_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 86.4
1) If Protestantism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 13.6
Total236100.0
81) Cath_Super1_1900 (CATH_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 79.2
1) If Catholicism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 20.8
Total236100.0
82) Orth_Super1_1900 (ORTH_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.5
1) If Orthodox Christianity is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 2.5
Total236100.0
83) Islam_Super1_1900 (ISLAM_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 85.6
1) If Islam is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 14.4
Total236100.0
84) African_Super1_1900 (AFRICAN_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 87.3
1) If country is in Africa and ethnoreligion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 12.7
Total236100.0
85) Buddhism_Super1_1900 (BUDD_S00)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If Buddhism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 1.7
Total236100.0
86) Hindu_Super1_1900 (HINDU_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.6
1) If Hinduism is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 0.4
Total236100.0
87) Pacific_Super1_1900 (PACIFIC_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If country is in Pacific and ethnoreligion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 1.7
Total236100.0
88) China_Asia_Super1_1900 (CHINA_ASIA_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.9
1) If Chinese folk religion or Asian ethnoreligion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 2.1
Total236100.0
89) Chinese_Super1_1900\V (CHINESE_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.7
1) If Chinese folk religion is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 1.3
Total236100.0
90) No_Super1_1900 (NO_SUPER1_1900)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 69.9
1) If there is no religious group that is at least 80 percent of the country's population in 1900 30.1
Total236100.0
91) Colony_Australia (COLONY_AUSTRALIA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.9
1) If country is or has been administered by Australia 2.1
Total236100.0
92) Colony_Austro_Hung (COLONY_AUSTRO_HUNG)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.0
1) If country was party of the Austro_Hungarian empire 3.0
Total236100.0
93) Colony_Belgium (COLONY_BELGIUM)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.7
1) If country was a Belgian colony 1.3
Total236100.0
94) Colony_Britain (Note: The U.S. is not coded as a former colony) (COLONY_BRITAIN)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 64.8
1) If country was a British colony, protectorate, mandate, etc. 35.2
Total236100.0
95) Colony_China (COLONY_CHINA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If country was ruled by China 1.7
Total236100.0
96) Colony_Denmark (COLONY_DENMARK)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If country was/is ruled by Denmark 1.7
Total236100.0
97) Colony_France (COLONY_FRANCE)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 83.5
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by France 16.5
Total236100.0
98) Colony_Germany (Note: Wartime occupation is not included) (COLONY_GERMANY)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 94.5
1) If country was a colony or otherwise ruled by Germany 5.5
Total236100.0
99) Colony_Italy (COLONY_ITALY)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.2
1) If country was a colony or otherwise ruled by Italy 0.8
Total236100.0
100) Colony_Japan (Note: Wartime occupation is not included) (COLONY_JAPAN)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.0
1) If country was a colony or otherwise ruled by Japan 3.0
Total236100.0
101) Colony_Neth (COLONY_NETH)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.6
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by The Netherlands 3.4
Total236100.0
102) Colony_New_Zealand (COLONY_NEW_ZEALAND)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.3
1) If country was/is a territory or otherwise ruled by New Zealand 1.7
Total236100.0
103) Colony_Norway (COLONY_NORWAY)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 99.2
1) If country was/is a territory or otherwise ruled by Norway 0.8
Total236100.0
104) Colony_Portugal (COLONY_PORTUGAL)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.2
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by Portugal 3.8
Total236100.0
105) Colony_Russia (COLONY_RUSSIA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 93.2
1) If country was/is a territory of Russia, a component of the USSR, or otherwise ruled by Russia/USSR 6.8
Total236100.0
106) Colony_Spain (COLONY_SPAIN)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 87.3
1) If country was/is a colony or otherwise ruled by Spain 12.7
Total236100.0
107) Colony_Turkey (COLONY_TURKEY)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 89.8
1) If country was ruled by the Ottoman Empire 10.2
Total236100.0
108) Colony_USA (COLONY_USA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 95.3
1) If country was/is a territory, possession, mandates, or otherwise ruled by the United States 4.7
Total236100.0
109) Measures the rule of law in the country according the International Country Risk Guide, as reported in the LLSV (1998) article (RULE_LAW_LLSV)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total496.852.63
110) Measures the level of corruption in the country according to International Country Risk Guide, as reported in the LLSV (1998) article (CORRUPTION_LLSV)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total496.902.29
111) Legal_Orig_English_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_ENGLISH_LLSV)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 63.3
1) If the country's legal origin is English 36.7
Missing187
Total49100.0
112) Legal_Orig_France_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_FRANCE_LLSV)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 57.1
1) If the country's legal origin is French 42.9
Missing187
Total49100.0
113) Legal_Orig_German_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_GERMAN_LLSV)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 87.8
1) If the country's legal origin is German 12.2
Missing187
Total49100.0
114) Legal_Orig_Scandinavian_LLSV (LEGAL_ORIG_SCANDINAVIAN_LLSV)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 91.8
1) If the country's legal origin is Scandinavian 8.2
Missing187
Total49100.0
115) Asia (ASIA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 77.5
1) If country is located on the continent of Asia 22.5
Total236100.0
116) Africa (AFRICA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 75.0
1) If country is located on the continent of Africa 25.0
Total236100.0
117) Europe (EUROPE)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 79.2
1) If country is located on the continent of Europe 20.8
Total236100.0
118) N_America (N_AMERICA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 98.7
1) If country is located on the continent of North America, excluding Central America and Caribbean 1.3
Total236100.0
119) C_America_Caribbean (C_AMERICA_CARIBBEAN)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 86.4
1) If country is located in Central America (including Mexico) or the Caribbean 13.6
Total236100.0
120) S_America (S_AMERICA)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 94.1
1) If country is located on the continent of South America 5.9
Total236100.0
121) Australia_Pacific (AUSTRALIA_PACIFIC)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 87.7
1) If Country is located on the continent of Australia or in the Pacific Ocean 12.3
Total236100.0
122) Percentage of the population that was Catholic in 1900 (PCTCATHOLIC1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.260.38
123) Percentage of the population that was Protestant in 1900, including Protestants, Independent Christians, and Anglicans (PCTPROTESTANT1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.200.34
124) Percentage of the population that was Orthodox Christian in 1900 (PCTORTHODOX1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.050.18
125) Percentage of the population that was Marginal Christian in 1900 (PCTMARGINALXTIAN1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
126) Percentage of the population that was 'Unaffiliated Christian' in 1900 (PCTUNAFFILIATEDXTIANS1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.020.04
127) Percentage of the population that was Muslim in 1900 (PCTMUSLIM1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.190.35
128) Percentage of the population that was Hindu in 1900 (PCTHINDU1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.020.10
129) Percentage of the population that was Chinse Folk Religion in 1900 (PCTCHINESEFOLK1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.020.12
130) Percentage of the population that was Buddhist in 1900 (PCTBUDDHIST1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.030.14
131) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 (PCTETHNORELIGION1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.190.34
132) Percentage of the population that was New Religion in 1900 (PCTNEWRELIGION1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
133) Percentage of the population that was Sikh in 1900 (PCTSIKH1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
134) Percentage of the population that was Jewish in 1900 (PCTJEWISH1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.010.01
135) Percentage of the population that was Spiritist in 1900 (PCTSPIRITIST1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
136) Percentage of the population that was Baha'i in 1900 (PCTBAHAI1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
137) Percentage of the population that was Confucian in 1900 (PCTCONFUCIAN1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
138) Percentage of the population that was Jain in 1900 (PCTJAIN1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
139) Percentage of the population that was Shinto in 1900 (PCTSHINTO1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
140) Percentage of the population that was Taoist in 1900 (PCTTAO1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
141) Percentage of the population that was Zoroastrian in 1900 (PCTZOROASTRIAN1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
142) Percentage of the population that was 'other religion' in 1900 (PCTOTHER1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
143) Percentage of the population that was No Religion in 1900 (PCTNORELIGION1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.02
144) Percentage of the population that was atheist in 1900 (PCTATHEIST1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
145) Sum of squared shares of all religions measured by Barrett et al. (2001) (HERFINDAHL1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.750.21
146) = 1 minus herfindahl1900 (PLURALISM1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.250.21
147) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 if the country is in Asia (ASIANETHNO1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.040.15
148) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in African countries in 1900 (PCTAFRICANETHNO1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.140.32
149) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 in Australia/Pacific countries (PCTPACIFICETHNO1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.030.14
150) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 1900 if the country is in the Americas (PCTAMERICANETHNO1900)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.02
151) Percentage of the population that was Catholic in 2000 (PCTCATHOLIC2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.290.33
152) Percentage of the population that was Protestant in 2000, including Protestants, Independent Christians, and Anglicans (PCTPROTESTANT2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.220.26
153) Percentage of the population that was Orthodox Christian in 2000 (PCTORTHODOX2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.050.15
154) Percentage of the population that was Marginal Christian in 2000 (PCTMARGINALXTIAN2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.010.02
155) Percentage of the population that was 'Unaffiliated Christian' in 2000 (PCTUNAFFILIATEDXTIANS2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.040.06
156) Percentage of the population that was Muslim in 2000 (PCTMUSLIM2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.200.33
157) Percentage of the population that was Hindu in 2000 (PCTHINDU2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.020.09
158) Percentage of the population that was Chinese Folk Religion in 2000 (PCTCHINESEFOLK2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.010.07
159) Percentage of the population that was Buddhist in 2000 (PCTBUDDHIST2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.030.13
160) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 (PCTETHNORELIGION2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.040.10
161) Percentage of the population that was New Religion in 2000 (PCTNEWRELIGION2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.010.03
162) Percentage of the population that was Sikh in 2000 (PCTSIKH2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
163) Percentage of the population that was Jewish in 2000 (PCTJEWISH2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.010.05
164) Percentage of the population that was Spiritist in 2000 (PCTSPIRITIST2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.02
165) Percentage of the population that was Baha'i in 2000 (PCTBAHAI2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
166) Percentage of the population that was Confucian in 2000 (PCTCONFUCIAN2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
167) Percentage of the population that was Jain in 2000 (PCTJAIN2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
168) Percentage of the population that was Shinto in 2000 (PCTSHINTO2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
169) Percentage of the population that was Taoist in 2000 (PCTTAO2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
170) Percentage of the population that was Zoroastrian in 2000 (PCTZOROASTRIAN2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
171) Percentage of the population that was 'other religion' in 2000 (PCTOTHER2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
172) Percentage of the population that was No Religion in 2000 (PCTNORELIGION2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.050.08
173) Percentage of the population that was atheist in 2000 (PCTATHEIST_2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.010.02
174) Sum of squared shares of all religions measured by Barrett et al. (2001) (PCTHERFINDAHL2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.550.22
175) = 1 minus herfindahl2000 (PLURALISM2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.450.22
176) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 if the country is in Asia (PCTASIANETHNO2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.020.08
177) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in African countries in 2000 (PCTAFRICANETHNO_2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.030.10
178) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 in Australia/Pacific countries (PCTPACIFICETHNO2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.01
179) Percentage of the population that was ethnoreligion in 2000 if the country is in the Americas (PCTAMERICANETHNO2000)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2360.000.00
180) String variable indicating which wave of the World Values Survey was used to calculate WVS statistics (WAVE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total8219,984,076.3818,376.39
181) Percent of country's population claiming to be a religious person (PCTRELIGIOUSPERSON)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total8072.0318.47
182) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in God (BELIEVEGOD)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total800.860.16
183) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in the Devil (BELIEVEDEV)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total630.460.22
184) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in hell (BELIEVEHELL)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total800.540.28
185) Percent of country's population claiming to believe in heaven (BELIEVEHEAVEN)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total800.650.26
186) Percentage of the country's population reporting attendance at religious services at least once per week (PCTATTENDCHURCHWEEKLY)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total8129.4122.69
187) Percentage of the country's population reporting attendance at religious services at least once per month (PCTATTENDCHURCHMONTHLY)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total8140.8823.99
188) National primary school enrollment ratio (Note that for Estonia we linearly interpolated the 1930 value from the 1920 and 1935 values) (ENROLLMENT1930)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total14533.9725.24
189) Educ_Sample=1 if have data for enrollment 1930 (EDUC_SAMPLE)
 TOTAL%
0) If enrollment 1930 is missing 38.6
1) If data exists for enrollment 1930 61.4
Total236100.0
190) Measure of ethnolinguistic fractionalization taken from LLSV (1999) (LLSV_ETHNOLING_FRAC)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1570.330.30
191) Measure of ethnolinguistic fractionalization taken from Alesina et al. (2003) (WASCIARG_ETHNOLING_FRAC)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total2250.410.31
192) LLSV99_Legal_Origin (LLSV99_LEGAL_ORIGIN)
193) LLSV99_English LLSV99_Legal_Origin==En (LLSV99_ENGLISH)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 67.3
1) If the country's legal origin is English 32.7
Missing34
Total202100.0
194) LLSV_French LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Fr (LLSV99_FRENCH)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 55.4
1) If the country's legal origin is French 44.6
Missing34
Total202100.0
195) LLSV99_German LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Ger (LLSV99_GERMAN)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 96.5
1) If the country's legal origin is German 3.5
Missing34
Total202100.0
196) LLSV99_Scandinavian LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Scan (LLSV99_SCANDINAVIAN)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 97.5
1) If the country's legal origin is Scandinavian 2.5
Missing34
Total202100.0
197) LLSV99_Socialist LLSV99_Legal_Origin==Soc (LLSV99_SOCIALIST)
 TOTAL%
0) Otherwise 83.2
1) If the country's legal origin is socialist 16.8
Missing34
Total202100.0

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